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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which company opened its 10,000th restaurant on this date in 1988? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the title of the radio show that debuted for kids on this date in 1931? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to HarperChildrens, how many brothers and sisters did Jerdine Nolen have when growing up? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Jerdine Nolen (according to Houghton-Mifflin):

1. What product went on sale for the first time on this date in 1930? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to PBS, with which newspaper did Lowell Thomas begin his career as a reporter? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, what patent number was assigned to Harold Edgerton's invention for stroboscopic photography? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an institution from which Lowell Thomas acquired a degree (according to the Horatio Alger Association):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Getty Museum, what city had Raphael moved to by the age of 21?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, with whom did James Watson share the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine?

3. According to Fact Monster, who were the other four people who accompanied Matthew Henson and Robert Peary to the North Pole on this date in 1909?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a song by Merle Haggard (according to Writer's Almanac):
Born on This Date 1483

[Web Gallery of Art]


Lowell Thomas
Lowell Thomas
Born on This Date 1892



Harold Edgerton
Harold Edgerton
Born on This Date 1903

[Edgerton Explorit Center]


James Watson
James Watson
Born on This Date 1928

[Nobel Foundation]

DNA 1962 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology

Jerdine Nolen
Jerdine Nolen
Born on This Date 1953


Primary Children's Authors

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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1918 Ida Chittum (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1935 Douglas Hill (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1942 Alice Bach (New York City-born Children's Author) Alice Bach Young-adult Authors
1947 Fulvio Testa (Italian Children's Author, Illustrator) Italian Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1953 Jerdine Nolen (Mississippi-born African-American Children's Author) Jerdine Nolen Primary Children's Authors African-American Authors & Illustrators
1956 Graeme Base (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
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1671 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau (French Playwright, Poet) French Authors & Illustrators Poetry Plays
1823 Joseph Medill (Canadian-American Editor, Publisher of the Chicago Tribune) Canadian Writers Journalism
1888 Dan Andersson (Swedish Poet) Dan Andersson Poetry
1892 Lowell Thomas (Ohio-born Broadcast Journalist) Lowell Thomas Journalism Broadcast Journalist
1895 Dudley Nichols (Ohio-born Screenwriter) Ohio Authors Filmmakers New York Times Writer's Almanac
1906 John Betjeman (British Poet Laureate: 1972 - 1984) John Betjeman Poetry
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1483 Raphael (Italian Painter) Raphael
1860 Rene Lalique (French Jeweler and Leaders of the Art Nouveau Movement) French Artists
1869 Louis Raemaekers (Dutch Anti-Nazi Cartoonist) Dutch Artists Cartoons & Comics
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1921 Andrew Imbrie (New York City-born Conductor) New York City Composers American Composers
1929 André Previn (German-American Conductor) German Composers Composers
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1810 Philip Henry Gosse (English Naturalist, Started the World's First Aquarium) English Scientists and Mathematicians Fish Writer's Almanac
1870 Clarence E. McClung (California-born Geneticist) Clarence E. McClung Genetics
1903 Harold Edgerton (Nebraska-born Pioneer in Stroboscopic Photography) Harold Edgerton Photography Inventors & Inventions
1911 Feodor Lynen (German Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology) German Scientists & Mathematicians Foods & Nutrition 1964 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology
1920 Edmond H. Fischer (American Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) American Scientists & Mathematicians Protein 1992 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology
1928 James Watson (Chicago-born Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology: Discovered the Structure of DNA) James Watson DNA 1962 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology
1949 Horst Ludwig Störmer (German 1998 Nobel Laureate for Physics) German Scientists & Mathematicians Quantum Theory 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics
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1890 Anthony Fokker (Dutch Aviation Pioneer) Dutch Business Leaders Aviation
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1135 Moses Maimonides (Spanish-born Jewish Rabbi, Philosopher, Author) Spanish Political & Social Leaders Judaism Catholic Encyclopedia
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1773 James Mill (Scottish Philosopher, Historian, Economist) Scottish Political & Social Leaders Philosophy Economists
1830 James Augustine Healy (Georgia-born First African-American Catholic Bishop) Georgia Political & Social Leaders Catholicism African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry University of Georgia
1908 Anna O. Blum (Wisconsin-born Attorney; President of the National Women's Bar Association) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders Law National Women's Bar Association Wisconsin Historical Society
The Notorious
1866 Butch Cassidy (Utah-born Outlaw) Butch Cassidy
Performing Artists
1884 Walter Huston (Canadian-born American Filmmaker) Canadian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1922 Dorothy Donegan (Chicago-born African-American Jazz Pianist Born in Chicago) Chicago Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1927 Jerry Mulligan (New York City-born Jazz Musician) New York City Performing Artists Jazz
1937 Merle Haggard (California-born Country & Western Performer) Merle Haggard Country & Western Musicians Internet Movie Database
Billy Dee Williams (New York City-born African-American Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1942 Barry Levinson (Maryland-born Film Director, Producer) Maryland Performing Artists Filmmakers
1952 Marilu Henner (Chicago-born Actor) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Television Film
Sports Figures
1903 Mickey Cochrane (Massachusetts-born Hall of Fame Baseball Player) Massachusetts Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1908 Ernie Lombardi (California-born Hall of Fame Baseball Player) California Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1953 Janet Lynn (Chicago-born Hall of Fame Figure Skater) Chicago Sports Figures World Figure Skating Hall of Fame 1972 Olympic Bronze Medal Winner
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1199 Richard I, King of England English Political and Social Leaders Richard I
1483 Raphael (Italian Artist) Raphael Artists
1528 Albrecht Dürer (German Artist, Scientist, Mathematician) Albrecht Dürer Artists Scientists & Mathematicians
1896 John Henry Selman (Arkansas-born Outlaw, Lawman) Notorious Persons of Arkansas Notorious Americans West Expansion Texas State Historical Society
1942 Bradley Allen Fiske (New York-born Admiral and Innovator in the U.S. Navy) New York Military Figures Naval History Technology and Society
1951 Robert Broom (Scottish Archaeologist) Scottish Scientists and Mathematicians Archaeology South African History
1961 Jules Bordet (Belgian Pioneer in Immunology: 1919 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Beglian Scientists and Mathematicians The Immune System Medical Research 1919 Nobel Laureate for Medcine or Physiology IntelliHealth
1971 Igor Stravinsky (Russian Classical Composer) Igor Stravinsky Composers
1992 Isaac Asimov (Russian-born American Science-Fiction Author) Russian Authors & Illustrators Authors
1998 Edwin Arlington Robinson (Maine-born Poet) Maine Authors Poetry
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2000 Dennis Cambell (English Admiral and Military Innovator) English Military Figures Naval History Technology and Society
2005 Prince Rainier of Monaco Monaco
2010 Wilma Mankiller (Oklahoma-born First Female Chief of Cherokee Nation) Wilma Mankiller Cherokee Nation American Women Political and Social Leaders
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647 B.C. The Greeks Chronicle the Earliest Recorded Total Solar Eclipse Classical Greece Sun Historic Firsts NASA
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1249 King Louis IX of France Is Taken Prisoner by Muslims During the Crusades French Political and Social Leaders Islam The Crusades Concordia
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1320 The Declaration of Arbroath, Scotland's Declaration of Independence, Is Signed Scotland England Tartan Day Website
1327 Italian Renaissance Poet, Petarch, Sees His Idealized Laura for the First Time Italian Authors Poetry Authors Calendar Writer's Almanac
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1652 Jan van Riebeeck Lands at the Cape of Good Hope to Settle South Africa for the Dutch East India Company South Africa Dutch Explorers Naval History Cape Town Travel Guide South African History
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1712 New York Slave Rebellion Results in the Death of 9 Whites and the Execution of 27 Slaves New York Slavery Death PBS African American Registry
1748 Excavations Begin at Pompeii, a Roman City Destroyed by Eruption of Mt Vesuvius in 79 A.D Pompeii Roman Empire Volcanoes Archaeology Writer's Almanac
1764 Four Families of Acadian Immigrants Arrive in Louisiana from New York Louisiana New York Immigrations Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of State
1776 Continental Congress Opens All American Ports to Trade with Any Country Not under British Rule Continental Congress International Trade History Channel
1782 Thailand's Chakri Dynasty Is Founded by Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) Thailand Assumption University of Thailand
1789 U.S. Senate Achieves Its First Quorum at Federal Hall in New York City New York City Historic Firsts U.S. Congress
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 The Methodist Episcopal Church Recognizes the New African Methodist Episcopal Church Religion African-American Heritage African Methodist Episcopal Church Concordia
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine day visited by a number of mandans, we are informed of the arrival of the whole of the ricarra nation on the other Side of the river near their old village. we Sent an interpreter to See with orders to return imediately and let us know if their Chiefs ment to go down to See their great father.

Ordway: clear and pleasant. we took all our Baggage on board the perogues in order to Set off. Some of the Mandans Indians informed us that the Rick a Ree nation was all comming up to their villages, as they Supposed to Stay and live with them. our officers wished to wait and know their business, as the indians sayed that they were near this on the opposite Side of the River. So our Intrepeter one of the party and two frenchmen was Sent across the River in order to go & See if the report was true. the wind Gentle from the South.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes


The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning we had the dryed meat secured in skins and the canoes loaded; we took breakfast and departed at 9 A. M.

we continued up the N. side of the river nearly to the place at which we had encamped on the 3rd of Nov. when we passed the river to the south side in quest of the hunters we had sent up yesterday and the day before. from the appearance of a rock near which we had encamped on the 3rd of November last I could judge better of the rise of the water than I could at any point below. I think the flood of this spring has been about 12 feet higher than it was at that time; the river is here about 1½ miles wide; it's general width from the beacon rock which may be esteemed the head of tide water, to the marshey islands is from one to 2 miles tho' in many places it is still wider.

it is only in the fall of the year when the river is low that the tides are persceptable as high as the beacon rock. this remarkable rock which stands on the North shore of the river is unconnected with the hills and rises to the hight of seven hundred feet; it has some pine or reather fir timber on it's nothern side, the southern is a precipice of it's whole hight. it rises to a very sharp point and is visible for 20 miles below on the river.

at the distance of ten miles from our encampment we met with our hunters in the upper end of the bottom to which we had directed them on the South side of the river. they had killed three Elk this morning and wounded two others so badly that they expected to get them. we therefore determined to encamp for the evening at this place in order to dry the meat, in surch of which we sent a party immediately and employed others in preparing scaffoalds and collecting firewood &c against their return.

we found some indians with our hunters when we arrived; these people are constantly hanging about us.—

the party whom we sent for the flesh of the Elk which Shannon had killed returned in the evening with that of four, one had by some mistake been omitted. Drewyer and shannon found the two wounded Elk and had killed them. we set all hands at work to prepare the meat for the saffoald they continued their operations untill late at night.

we directed Shannon to go out early in the morning with a party to bring in the Elk which had been left last evening in mistake. we also directed Drewyer and the two Feildses to ascend the river early in the morning to a small bottom a few miles above and hunt untill our arrival.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Multnomah County, Oregon Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 John Astor Incorporates the American Fur Company John Astor Westward Expansion Economics & Business History Channel
1818 Andrew Jackson's Troops Occupy the Spanish Fort at St. Marks, Florida Spain Florida Andrew Jackson Forts Florida Historical Society
1828 Holland's Casparus van Wooden Patents Chocolate Milk Powder Holland Patents & Trademarks Foods and Nutrition Chocolate
1830 Joseph Smith Organizes Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in New York New York Joseph Smith The Mormon Church Brigham Young University Concordia History Channel
New Law Forbids Further Introduction of Slaves into Mexico Mexico Texas Slavery Law Texas State Historical Association
1831 Sauk Indians Led by Chief Keokuk Leave Their Wisconsin Ancestral Home Moving Across the Mississippi River to Iowa Wisaconsin Iowa Sauk Wisconsin Historical Society
1832 15-week Black Hawk War Begins Illinois Black Hawk War History Channel
1841 John Tyler Is Inaugurated as the 10th President of the United States President John Tyler The American Presidency History Channel
1856 Two American Troops Die in 2-day Battle with Seminole Warriors at Florida's Big Cypress Swamp Florida Seminole Indians Death Big Cypress National Preserve Florida Historical Society
1861 President Lincoln Meets with the Governors of IN, OH, ME and PA About Military Status of Militia Indiana Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders Maine Political and Social Leaders Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
Lincoln Sends Note to Governor of South Carolina of Intentions to Ship Provisions to Ft. Sumter South Carolina Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Fort Sumter Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Orders Troops to Land and Reinforce Florida's Fort Pickens Florida President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Forts Lincoln Papers
1862 The Battle of Shiloh Begins in Southwest Tennessee Tennessee The Battle of Shiloh History Channel
U.S.S. Pursuit Captures the Steamer Florida Loading Cotton at Florida's North Bay Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
At California's, Owns Valley, Hundreds of Paiute Indians Clash with 50 White Settlers, Killing 3 Settlers Owens Valley, California Paiute Indians Westward Expansion War Death Learn California
1863 President Lincoln Continues Visit with the Troops in Virginia Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Liincoln Letters
U.S.S. Huntsville Captures the Steamer Minnie Off Florida's Charlotte Harbor Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 President Lincoln Listens to a British Anti-Slavery Orator at the House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives President Abraham Lincoln Abolition Liincoln Letters
1865 Lincoln Offers Protection for Virginia Legislators Willing to Consider Withdrawing Virginia Troops Virginia Government President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Liincoln Letters
Federal Troops of General George Armstrong Custer Capture Three Confederate Regiments from Florida Florida General George Armstrong Custer American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1869 Isaac Hodgson Receives Patent #88,711 for the "Roller Skate" Patents and Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Hobbies USPTO
1870 El Dorado, Arkansas Is Incorporated El Dorado, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1876 American Chemical Society Founded at College of Pharmacy of the City of New York New York Chemistry American Chemical Society
1886 The City of Vancouver, British Columbia, Is Incorporated Canada City of Vancouver
1893 The Mormons Dedicate Their Temple in Salt Lake City, Utah after Forty Years of Construction Salt Lake City, Utah The Mormon Church Salt Lake Temple Concordia
Andy Bowen and Jack Burke Fight to a Draw in the Longest Fight in History (110 rounds, 7h 19m) New Orleans Boxing Louisiana Secretary of State
1895 Oscar Wilde Arrested after Losing Libel Case Against Marquess of Queensberry Oscar Wilde Law & Legal Resources Crime History Channel
1896 First Modern Olympic Games Opens in Athens, Greece Greece The 1896 Summer Olympic Games Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 In Detroit, James J. Jeffries Defeats James Finnegan for Boxing's World Heavyweight Championship Detroit Boxing Hall of Fame Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1908 A United States Bird Refuge Is Established at Florida's Tortugas Key Florida Earth and Envirinmental Science Birds Dry Tortugas National Park Florida Historical Society
1909 Robert Peary and Matthew Henson Are First People to Reach the North Pole The North Pole Robert Peary Matthew Henson African-American History Historic Firsts History Channel New York Times
General Motors Buys Oakland Motors Automotives Business General Motors Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1911 In Austin, the Texas Fine Arts Association Is Founded and the Elisabet Ney Museum Opens Austin, Texas Museums Elisabet Ney Museum Texas State Historical Association
1917 The United States Declares War Against Germany and Enters WWI Germany President Woodrow Wilson Declaration of War History Link
1924 U.S. Army Planes Depart Washington State to Begin First Aerial World Circumnavigation Washington Aviation History Historic Firsts History Link
1927 Webber College Is Founded in Babson Park, Florida Florida Education Education Webber College Florida Historical Society
The U.S. Government Creates the Savannah National Wildlife Refuge Georgia Parks and Landmarks Earth and Envirinmental Science Savannah National Wildlife Refuge University of Georgia
1930 Will Rogers' Radio Show Premieres Will Rogers Radio History Channel
Twinkies Go on Sale for the First Time Foods and Nutrition Business & Economics Twinkies
1931 Little Orphan Annie Debuts As First Serial Radio Show for Kids Radio History Channel
1935 100 Stockmen from Eastern Oregon and Western Idaho Vote Unanimously to Keep the Regional Agricultural Credit Corporation Open Oregon Idaho Farming & Agriculture Business
1936 Tornado Kills 187 in Gainesville, Georgia, Leaving More Than 2,000 Homeless Gainesville, Georgia Tornadoes Death Gainesville, Georgia University of Georgia
1941 Nazi Germany Invades Yugoslavia and Greece Nazi Germany Yugoslavia Greece World War II History Channel
British Liberate Ethiopia from Italian Occupation Ethiopia Great Britain Italy World War II History Channel
1947 The First Tony Awards Are Held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City New York City Stage and Theater Tony Awards Historic Firsts Theatre History
1948 "Army Day" Is Observed in the United States American Military Figures Holidays and Observances West Virginia State Archive
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 Blacks Begin Civil Disobedience Campaign to Protest South Africa's Segregation Laws South Africa Racism Law Civil Rights/Human Rights South African History
1954 Swansons Introduces First TV Dinner (Turkey, Sweet Potatoes, Peas) Foods and Nutrition Business & Economics Historic Firsts Swanson Foods (pdf)
1955 The Bride of the Innisfallen and Other Stories by Eudora Welty Is Published Eudora Welty American Authors Mississippi Writers
1957 Perry Como's "Round and Round" Hits #1 on the Pop Music Charts Radio Popular Music History Channel
1958 Arnold Palmer Wins His First Major Golf Tournament, The Masters Arnold Palmer World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters New York Times
1965 NASA Launches Intelsat 1, the World's First Commercial Communications Satellite Space Exploration Technology Historic Firsts NASA
1968 U.S. Erupts in Racial Violence 2 Days after King Assassination: Several Die Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Movement Death BBC
Black Panther, Bobby Hutton, Is Killed in a Shootout with Police in Oakland, California Oakland, California African-American Heritage Death PBS African American Registry
San Antonio, Texas Hosts HemisFair 68 San Antonio, Texas Hispanic Heritage San Antonio, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1973 The Yankees Ron Blomberg Is Baseball's First Designated Hitter New York Baseball Historic Firsts Major League Baseball New York Times
1974 The Seattle Mariners Play Their First Baseball Game in Seattle, Losing 7-0 to the California Angels in the Kingdome Seattle, Washington California Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts History Link
1975 A Plane Carrying 99 Vietnamese Orphans Arrives At London's Heathrow Airport London, England Child Adoption Vietnam War BBC
1977 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 348 in Iran Iran Earthquake Death USGS
1982 In the Minneapolis, Metrodome's First Professional Baseball Game, the Minnesota Twins Lose to the Seattle Mariners, 11-7 Minneapolis, Minnesota Seattle, Washington Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts MInnesota Historical Society
1984 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Challenger (STS-41C) for First On-Orbit Satellite Repair Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA
1986 President Jaafar Nimeri of Sudan Is Overthrown in a Bloodless Military Coup Sudan Washington Report on Middle East Affairs
1988 McDonald's 10,000th Restaurant Opens in Dale City, Virginia Virginia Foods and Nutrition McDonalds
1989 British Government Abolishes Job Guarantees for Dock Workers British Government Law Labor BBC
1990 Soviet & U.S. Negotiators Discuss Reunification of Germany German Reunification Soviet Union Cold War History Channel
1994 The Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi Are Killed in a Plane Crash Burundi Rwanda Air Disasters Death BBC
1997 NASA Cuts Space Shuttle Columbia Mission Short Due to Defective Fuel Cell NASA Space Shuttle BBC
1998 Dow Jones Industrial Average Closes above 9,000 Points for the First Time Markets and Investments Historic Firsts Marketplace
1999 Chilean Immigrant Wins $197,000,000 in the Massachusetts State Lottery Chile Massachusetts Economics Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2049 on this date
2009 Earthquake Kills More Than 200 People in Central Italy Italy Earthquakes Death National Public Radio