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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Why does the United Nations hold World Health Day on April 7 each year? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year did the National Football League mandate that players must wear helmets? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Just Us Books, in what year did Wade and Cheryl Willis Hudson start Just Us Books? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

1. In what year was Booker T. Washington the first African-American to be featured on a U.S. stamp? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Yale University, who were the three other early football heroes pictured in the same commemorative stamp series with Walter Camp? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, what job did William Keith Kellogg take when he quit school at the age of 14? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of the member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition which begin its exploration of the great Pacific Northwest on this date in 1805:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Authors' Calendar, how old was William Wordsworth when his father died?

2. According to the American Park Network, what was the title of Marjory Stoneman Douglas' best-selling book?

3. According to, what holiday is celebrated in Mozambique on December 25th?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by William Wordsworth (according to Bartleby):

William Wordsworth
Born on This Date 1770

[Cornell University]


Walter Camp
Born on This Date 1859

[Walter Camp Foundation]

Father of American Football

W.K. Kellogg
Born on This Date 1860


Inventor of the Corn Flake

Marjory Stoneman Douglas
Born on This Date 1890

[Mt. Holyoke College]

Protector of the Everglades

Cheryl Willis Hudson
Born on This Date 1948

[Official Website]

Primary Children's Author

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: World Health Day
(In commemoration of the opening of the World Health Organization: 04/07/1948)
Health Care and Fitness United Nations' World Health Organization
Mozambique: Women's Day
Mozambique Women World Travel Guide Go2Africa
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1929 Donald Carrick (British Children's Author, Illustrator) British Authors and Illustrators Artists Primary Authors
1941 Alice Schertle (Los Angeles-born Children's Author) Los Angeles Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors
1948 Cheryl Willis Hudson (African-American Children's Author, Illustrator Born in Virginia) Cheryl Willis Hudson American Artists Primary Authors Famous African Americans
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1817 William Wordsworth (British Poet) William Wordsworth Poetry
1847 Jens Peter Jacobsen (Danish Novelist) Danish Authors and  Illustrators
1889 Gabriela Mistral (Chilean Poet, 1945 Nobel Laureate for Poetry) Gabriela Mistral Poetry 1945 Nobel Laureate for Poetry
1891 David Low (New Zealand-born English Journalist, Political Cartoonist and Caricaturist) New Zealand Authors & Illustrators Journalism Artists
1897 Walter Winchell (New York City-born Entertainment Columnist, Commentator) Walter Winchell Journalism Radio
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1921 Makoto Kobayashi (Japanes Physicist; 2008 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Makoto Kobayashi Subatomic Particles 2008 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1860 W. K. Kellogg (Michigan-born Founder of Kellogg Cereals, Inventor of the Corn Flake) W.K. Kellogg Inventors and Inventions Food and Nutrition Business
Political and Social Leaders
1506 St. Francis Xavier (Spanish-born Catholic Saint) Spanish Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Chambers' Book of Days
1772 Francois M. C. Fourier (French Socialist) French Political and Social Leaders Chambers' Book of Days
1780 William Ellery Channing (Rhode Island-born Theologian) Rhode Island Political and Social Leaders Theologians
1848 Randall Davidson (British Religious Leader) British Political and Social Leaders Theologians
1890 Marjory Stoneman Douglas (Minnesota-born Conservationist of the Florida Everglades) Marjory Stoneman Douglas The Everglades The Earth and Environment
1893 Allen Dulles (New York-born Diplomat, Director of the C.I.A.) New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government CIA
1949 Mitch Daniels (Pennsylvania-born Governor of Indiana) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Indiana Political and Social Leaders Politics
Performing Artists
1915 Billie Holiday (Pennsylvania-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Billie Holiday Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists
1920 Ravi Shankar (Indian Musician (Sitar), Father of Nora Jones, Mentor to the Beatles) Ravi Shankar Popular Musicians The Beatles
1927 Babatunde Olatunji (Nigerian Grammy-Winning Jazz Percussionist) Nigerian Performing Artists Jazz 1991 Grammy Award African American Registry
1928 James Garner (Oklahoma-born Actor) James Garner Actors Film Television
1938 Freddie Hubbard (Indiana-born Grammy-Winning African-American Jazz Musician) Freddie Hubbard Jazz Grammy Awards African-American Performing Artists
1939 Francis Ford Coppola (Detroit-born Filmmaker) Francis Ford Coppola Filmmakers
David Frost (British Television Journalist, Interviewer David Frost Journalism Television
1954 Jackie Chan (Chinese Action-Movie Actor) Jackie Chan Actors Film Asian-American Performing Artists
1964 Russell Crowe (New Zealand-born Actor) New Zealand Performing Artists Actors Film 2001 Academy Award for Best Actor in The Galdiator
Sports Figures
1859 Walter Camp (Connecticut-born Member of the Football Hall of Fame: Father of Modern Football) Walter Camp Father of American Football Football Hall of Fame
1873 John McGraw (New York-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame: Major League Manager) New York Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1893 Benny Leonard (New York City-born American Lightweight Boxing Champion: 1917-1925) New York City Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame
1954 Tony Dorsett (African-American Member of the Pro and College Football Halls of Fame, Born in Pennsylvania) Pennyslvania Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures 1976 Heisman Trophy Winner Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1498 Charles VIII of France French Political and Social Leaders
1739 Dick Turpin (Notorious British Highwayman: Hanged) Notorious Britains Crime Capital Punishment Historic UK
1880 Isaac Munroe St. John (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War Georgia
1891 P.T. Barnum (Connecticut-born Circus Owner, Promoter) P.T. Barnum American Entertainers History Channel
1947 Henry Ford (Michigan-born Founder of the Ford Motor Company) Henry Ford Automobiles
1968 Jim Clark (World Auto Racing Champion: Killed at Hockenheim Race Course) Scottish Sports Figures Auto Racing BBC
2003 Cecile de Brunhoff (French Children's Author: Inspiration for the Babar Stories) Cecile de Brunhoff Primary Children's Authors
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1630 Governor John Winthrop and Approximately 300 English Puritans Set Sail for the Massachusetts Colony Aboard Arabella John Winthrop Massachusetts Colonial Massachusetts Naval History North American Explorers and Pioneers Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1739 Notorious British Highwayman, Dick Turpin, Is Hanged Notorious Britains Crime Capital Punishment Death Historic UK
1763 The Initial Issue of Georgia's First Newspaper, Savannah's Georgia Gazette, Is Published Savannah, Georgia Journalism Historic Firsts Georgia
1776 American Warship Lexington Captures the British Warship HMS Edward Off the Coast of Virginia Great Britain Virginia Naval History American Revolution History Channel
1798 U.S. Congress Creates the Mississippi Territory from the Western Territories of Georgia Mississippi Georgia U.S. Congress Georgia
1795 France Adopts the Metric System As Its Standard of Measurement France The Metric System U.S. Metric Association
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805 Lewis and Clark Depart Fort Mandan North Dakota Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan The History Channel
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Having on this day at 4 P.M. completed every arrangement necessary for our departure, we dismissed the
barge and crew with orders to return without loss of time to S. Louis, a small canoe with two French hunters accompanyed the barge; these men had assended the missouri with us the last year as engages. The barge crew consisted of six soldiers and four Frenchmen and a Ricarra Indian also take their passage in her as far as the Ricarra Vilages, at which place we expect Mr. Tiebeau [Tabeau] to embark with his peltry who in that case will make an addition of two, perhaps four men to the crew of the barge.

We gave Richard Warfington, a discharged Corpl., the charge of the Barge and crew, and confided to his care
likewise our dispatches to the government, letters to our private friends, and a number of articles to the President of the United States. One of the Frenchmen by the name of Gravline an honest discrete man and an excellent boat-man is imployed to conduct the barge as a pilot; we have therefore every hope that the barge and with her our dispatches will arrive safe at St. Louis. Mr. Gravlin who speaks the Ricarra language extreemly well, has been imployed to
conduct a few of the Recarra Chiefs to the seat of government who have promised us to decend in the barge to St. Liwis with that view.—

At same moment that the Barge departed from Fort Mandan, Capt. Clark embaked with our party and proceeded up the river. as I had used no exercise for several weeks, I determined to talk on shore as far as our encampment of this evening; accordingly I continued my walk on the N. side of the River about six miles, to the upper Village of the Mandans, and called on the Black Cat or Pose cop'se há, the great chief of the Mandans; he was not as home; I rested myself a minutes, and finding that the party had not arrived I returned about 2 miles and joined them at their encampment on the N. side of the river opposite the lower Mandan village.

Our party now consisted of the following Individuals. Sergts. John Ordway, Nathaniel Prior, & Patric Gass; Privates, William Bratton, John Colter, Reubin, and Joseph Fields, John Shields, George Gibson, George Shannon,
John Potts, John Collins, Joseph Whitehouse, Richard Windsor, Alexander Willard, Hugh Hall, Silas Goodrich,
Robert Frazier, Peter Crouzatt, John Baptiest la Page, Francis Labiech, Hue McNeal, William Werner, Thomas P. Howard, Peter Wiser, and John B. Thompson.—

Interpreters, George Drewyer and Tauasant Charbono also a Black man by the name of York, servant to Capt. Clark, an Indian Woman wife to Charbono with a young child, and a Mandan man who had promised us to accompany us as far as the Snake Indians with a view to bring about a good understanding and friendly intercourse between that nation and his own, the Minetares and Ahwahharways.

Our vessels consisted of six small canoes, and two large perogues. This little fleet altho' not quite so rispectable as those of Columbus or Capt. Cook were still viewed by us with as much pleasure as those deservedly famed adventurers ever beheld theirs; and I dare say with quite as much anxiety for their safety and preservation.

we were now about to penetrate a country at least two thousand miles in width, on which the foot of civillized man had never trodden; the good or evil it had in store for us was for experiment yet to determine, and these little vessells contained every article by which we were to expect to subsist or defend ourselves. however as this the state of mind in which we are, generally gives the colouring to events, when the immagination is suffered to wander into futurity, the picture which now presented itself to me was a most pleasing one. entertaing as I do, the most confident hope of succeading in a voyage which had formed a darling project of mine for the last ten years of my life, I could but esteem this moment of my departure as among the most happy of my life.

The party are in excellent health and sperits, zealously attatched to the enterprise, and anxious to proceed; not a whisper of murmur or discontent to be heard among them, but all act in unison, and with the most perfect harmony. I took an early supper this evening and went to bed. Capt. Clark myself the two Interpretters and the woman and child sleep in a tent of dressed skins. this tent is in the Indian stile, formed of a number of dressed Buffaloe skins sewed together with sniues. it is cut in such manner that when foalded double it forms the quarter of a circle, and is left open at one side where it may be attached or loosened at pleasure by strings which are sewed to its sides to the purpose.
to erect this tent, a parsel of ten or twelve poles are provided, fore or five of which are attatched together at one end, they are then elivated and their lower extremities are spread in a circular manner to a width proportionate to the demention of the lodge, in the same position orther poles are leant against those, and the leather is then thrown over them forming a conic figure.—

Clark: a windey day, The Interpreter we Sent to the Villages returned with Chief of the Ricara's & 3 men of that nation this Chief informed us that he was Sent by his nation to Know the despositions of the nations in this neighbourhood in respect to the recara's Settleing near them, that he had not yet made those arrangements, he request that we would Speek to the Assinniboins, & Crow Inds. in their favour, that they wished to follow our directions and be at peace with all, he viewed all nations in this quarter well disposed except the Sioux. The wish of those recaras appears to be a junction with the Mandans & Minetarras in a Defensive war with the Sioux who rob them of every Spece [species] of property in Such a manner that they Cannot live near them any longer.

I told this Chief we were glad to See him, and we viewed his nation as the Dutifull Children of a Great father who would extend his protection to all those who would open their ears to his good advice, we had already Spoken to the Assinniboins, and Should Speeke to the Crow Indians if we Should See them &c. as to the Sioux their Great father would not let them have any more good Guns &c. would take Care to prosu Such measurs as would provent those Sioux from Murding and taking the property from his dutyfull red Children &c.— we gave him a certificate of his good Conduct & a Small Medal, a Carrot of Tobacco and a String of Wompom— he requested that one of his men who was lame might decend in the boat to their nation and returned to the Mandans well Satisfied—

The name of this Chief of War is Kah-kah, we to—Raven brave. This Cheif delivered us a letter from Mr. Taboe. informing us of the wish of the Grand Chiefs of the Ricarras to visit their Great father and requesting the privolage of put'g on board the boat 3000 w of Skins &c. & adding 4 hands and himself to the party. this preposeal we Shall agree to, as that addition will make the party in the boat 15 Strong and more able to defend themselves from the Seoux &c.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

Keelboat Tobacco Carrot

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning early the flesh of the remaining Elk was brought in and Drewyer with the Feildses departed agreeable to the order of the last evening.

we employed the party in drying the meat today which we completed by the evening, and we had it secured in dryed Elkskins and put on board in readiness for an early departure.

we were visited today by several parties of indians from a village about 8 miles above us of the Sahhalah nation. I detected one of them in steeling a peice of lead and sent him from camp. I hope we have now a sufficient stock of dryed meat to serve us as far the Chopunnish provided we can obtain a few dogs horses and roots by the way. in the neignbourhood of the Chopunnish we can procure a few deer and perhaps a bear or two for the mountains.

last evening Reubin Fields killed a bird of the quail kind it is reather larger than the quail, or partridge as they are called in Virginia. this is a most beautifull bird. I preserved the skin of this bird retaining the wings feet and head
which I hope will give a just idea of the bird. it's loud note is single and consists of a loud squall, intirely different from the whistling of our quales or partridge. it has a cherping note when allarmed something like ours.— today there was a second of these birds killed by Capt C. which precisely resembled that just discribed I believe these to be the male bird the female, if so, I have not yet seen.—

the day has been fair and weather extreemly pleasant. we made our men exercise themselves in shooting today and regulate their guns found several of them that had their sights moved by accedent, and others that wanted some little alterations all which were compleately rectifyed in the course of the day.

in the evening all the indians departed for their village.

Clark: about 4 oClock P M all the Indians left us, and returned to their Village. they had brought with them Wappato,
& pashequa roots Chapellel cakes, and a Species of Raspberry for Sale, none of which they disposed of as they asked Such enormous prices for those articles that we were not able to purchase any.

Drewyer returned down the river in the evening & informed us that the nativs had Sceared all the Elk from the river above. Joseph & reuben Fields had proceeded on further up the river in the canoe, he expected to the village.

I provaled on an old indian to mark the Multnomah R down on the Sand which hid and perfectly Corisponded with the Sketch given me by sundary others, with the addition of a circular mountain which passes this river at the falls and connects with the mountains of the Seacoast.

he also lais down the Clark a mos passing a high Conical Mountain near it's mouth on the lower Side and heads in Mount Jefferson which he lais down by raiseing the Sand as a very high mountain and Covered with eternal Snow. the high mountain which this Indian lais down near the enterance of Clark a mos river, we have not Seen as the hills in it's direction from this vally is high and obscures the Sight of it from us.

Mt Jefferson we Can plainly See from the enterance of Multnomah from which place it bears S. E. this is a noble Mountain and I think equally as high or Something higher than Mt. St. Heleans but its distance being much greater than that of the latter, So great a portion of it does not appear above the range of mountains which lie between both those Stupendious Mountains and the Mouth of Multnomah. like Mt. St. Heleans its figure is a regular Cone and is covered with eturnial Snow.

that the Clarkamos nation as also those at the falls of the Multnomah live principally on fish of which those Streams abound and also on roots which they precure on it's borders, they also Sometimes Come down to the Columbia in Serch of Wappato.

they build their houses in the Same form with those of the Columbian Vally of wide Split boads and Covered with bark of the White Cedar which is the entire length of the one Side of the roof and jut over at the eve about 18 inches. at the distance of about 18 inches transvers Spinters of dried pine is inserted through the Ceder bark inorder to keep it Smooth and prevent it's edge from Colapsing by the heat of the Sun; in this manner the nativs make a very Secure light and lasting roof of this bark. which we have observed in every Vilege in this Vally as well as those above. this Indian also informed me the multnomah above the falls was Crouded with rapids and thickly inhabited by indians of
the Cal-lah-po-é-wah Nation. he informed he had himself been a long way up that river &c.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Multnomah County, Oregon Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1817 Francisco Xavier Mina Sets Sail from Galveston Island to Drive the Spanish Forces Out of Mexico Mexico Spain Texas Military Figures Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Society
1832 Abraham Lincoln Is Elected Captain of a Company in Thirty-first Regiment of Illinois Militia Illinois Military Figures Abraham Lincoln Black Hawk War Lincoln Papersl
1845 In Minnesota, the St. Paul Post Office Is Established in Henry Jackson's Store St. Paul, Minnesota U.S. Post Office Minnesota Historical Society
Milwaukee, Wisconsin Suffers Its First Major Fire, Burning Buildings over 2 City Blocks Milwaukee, Wisconsin Fire Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1858 The Virginia Legislature Approves the Incorporation of the Lewisburg Female Institute Virginia Government West Virginia Education Education Women West Virginia Archives
1859 Governor's Greys Organize as Iowa's First Military Unit Pledged to the Union Iowa Military Figures U.S. Military Figures Historic Firsts Historical Society of Iowa
1862 Grant's Union Forces Defeat Confederates at Tennessee's Battle of Shiloh Tennessee Battle of Shiloh Ulysses S. Grant The New York Times</I> History Channel
President Lincoln Signs Treaty with Great Britain for Suppression of African Slave Trade British Government President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Historic U.S. Documents Lincoln Papersl
1864 U.S. Schooner Beauregard Captures the English Schooner Spunky Off Florida's Cape Canaveral Great Britain American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 President Lincoln Encourages General Grant to Keep the Pressure on Lee President Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1866 Act of Congress States That Only Portraits of Deceased Persons May Appear on U.S. Bank Notes U.S. Congress Currency Law US Treasury
The Bois Forte Ojibwe Sign a Treaty Ceding Their Lands in Minnesota's St. Louis and Koochiching Counties, Establishing the Nett Lake Reservation Minnesota Ojibwe Historical U.S. Documents Nett Lake Reservation Minnesota Historical Society
1867 Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts Delivers a Speech in the Senate Strongly Supporting the Purchase of Alaska Senator Charles Sumner Alaska U.S. Congress Alaska Historical Society
1886 As Many as 30 Die in the Laredo, Texas Election Riot Gunfight Laredo, Texas Elections Gun Control Death Texas State Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1906 Italy's Mt. Vesuvius Erupts Mt. Vesuvius Volcanoes
1913 Sam Rayburn (TX) Begins 48 Years of Service to the United States House of Representatives Sam Rayburn Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives Texas State Historical Society
1918 Winston Churchill Secretly Proposes Talks to Encourage Russia to Re-enter World War I Russia Great Britain Winston Churchill World War I The History Channel
Karl Muck, German Conductor of the Boston Symphony, Is Arrested and Interned as an Enemy Alien German Performing Artists Boston Symphony Classical Musicians Crime World War I American Public Media
1922 Secret Oil Leases Begin the Teapot Dome Scandal Wyoming California U.S. Congress The Teapot Dome Scandal Crime
1927 First Long Distance TV Broadcast (Herbert Hoover's Speech Washington to New York) Washington, D.C. New York City Herbert Hoover Television Historic Firsts The New York Times</I>
1931 Seals Stadium Opens and for 26 Years Will Serve as the Home Field for the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League San Francisco Sports Figures Baseball Architecture Learn California
1932 Gene Sarazen's Double Eagle Propels Him to Eventual Victory in The Masters New York Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters New York Times
1934 Congress Passes the Jones-Connally Farm-Relief Act U.S. Congress Farming and Agriculture The Great Depression The History Channel
1936 South Africa's Parliament Unanimously Places Further Restrictions on Black Rights South African Government Racism Civil Rights/Human Rights Law South African History
1939 Italy Invades Albania Italy Albania European History World War II The History Channel
1940 Booker T. Washington Stamp Is First Featuring an African American Booker T. Washington U.S. Postal Service African-American History Historic Firsts
1943 The NFL Mandates Players Must Wear Helmets Football The NFL New York Times
1945 Americans Sink the Japanese Battleship Yamato Off the Coast of Okinawa Okinawa Naval History World War II The History Channel
Japan Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso Is Replaced by Kantaro Suzuki Japan Prime Minister of Japan
1948 United Nation's World Health Organization Begins Operation Health Care World Health Organization IntelliHealth
U.S. Postal Service Issues 3-cent Stamp Commemorating the 1798 Creation of Mississippi Territory Mississippi USPS Georgia
1949 Rodgers and Hammerstein Musical South Pacific Opens on Broadway New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 Sweden's Dag Hammarskjold Elected to Serve As U.N. Secretary-General The United Nations Sweden The Cold War 1961 Nobel Laureate for Peace Concordia History Channel
1954 President Eisenhower Gives His "Domino Theory" Speech President Dwight Eisenhower The Cold War History Channel
1956 Agreement Ends Spanish Presences and Establishes Moroccan Independence Spain Morocco Reuters Foundation
The Last Streetcar in Detroit Is Taken Out of Service Detroit Transportation Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1957 New York City's Last Electric Trolley Completes Its Final Run New York City The New York Times
1958 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Huslia, Alaska Alaska Earthquake USGS
1959 A Dust Storm Occurs Over Much of Minnesota Minnesota Dust Storms Minnesota Historical Society
1963 New Constitution Proclaims Tito President for Life of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tito History Channel
1968 Approximately 25,000 People View the Coffin of Martin Luther King, Jr. at Spelman College Georgia Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Spelman College Georgia
World Auto Racing Champion, Jim Clark, Is Killed at the Hockenheim Race Course Scottish Sports Figures Auto Racing Death BBC
1969 Supreme Court Strikes Down Laws Prohibiting Possession of Obscene Material The U.S. Supreme Court First Amendment Oyez
1970 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 15 on the Philippines Island of Luzon Republic of the Philippines Earthquake Death USGS
Detroit's School Board Approves a Plan to Desegregate 11 of the District's 22 High Schools Detroit Education Education Racism Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
In Wisconsin, the Milwaukee Brewers Play Their First Game Against the California Angels in Front of 37,237 Fans at County Stadium Milwaukee, Wisconsin California Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1973 7 1/2-year "Freedom Flights" Program, Which Brought 250,000 Cuban Refugees to Miami, Florida, Ends Cuba Florida Immigration Aviation History Hispanic Heritage PBS Florida Historical Society
1976 China's Leadership Deposes Deputy Prime Minister Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping The New York Times</I>
1978 President Jimmy Carter Postpones Production of Controversial Neutron Bomb President Jimmy Carter Nuclear Weapons BBC
1986 British Home-computing Pioneer Clive Sinclair Sells the Rights to His Inventions for £5M British Scientists and Inventors History of Technology Inventors and Inventions Business BBC
1988 Car Bomb Seriously Injures Albie Sachs, a White South African Lawyer and ANC Member South African Government Terrorism South African History
1990 National Security Adviser John Poindexter Convicted of Iran-Contra Crimes The Iran-Contra Scandal Law and Legal Resources The New York Times</I>
1994 Civil War Erupts in Rwanda Rwanda History Channel
1995 The Peach Is Designated as the Official Fruit of the State of Georgia State of Georgia Foods and Nutrition Georgia
1999 The World Trade Organization (WTO) Rules in Favor of U.S. in Banana Trade Dispute with Europe European History International Trade Law Foods and Nutrition BBC
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2001 NASA Launches Odyssey Spacecraft on 6-month, 286M-mile Journey to Mars Space Exploration Mars NASA