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APRIL 13

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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 1964, who became the first African American to win the Oscar for best actor? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which movie was copyrighted on this date in 1990? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the White House, how old was Thomas Jefferson when he drafted the Declaration of Independence? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:
HARK ARGUE AID
INTERMEDIATE

1. How old was Tiger Woods when he became the youngest champion in the history of the Masters golf tournament on this date in 1997? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to American Collection, what was the title of Marguerite Henry's first book published in 1942? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Smithsonian Institution, from which university did John Biggers earn a Ph.D. in education? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Eudora Welty (according to the History Channel):
EDEN WIT
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the British National Physical Laboratory, how did Robert Watson-Watt originally hope to be able to apply his knowledge of radio?

2. According to ASCAP, why did Olga Tańon not perform in public until she was 19 years old?

3. According to Oyez, in Plessy v. Ferguson, by what doctrine did the majority of the U.S. Supreme Court vote to uphold state-imposed racial segregation?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1976 work by Samuel Beckett (according to the Author's Calendar):
ROTO SIGHT
 
 
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Born on This Date 1743

[The White House]

Third President of the United States

Robert Watson-Watt
Robert Watson-Watt
Born on This Date 1892

[Spartacus]

RADAR

Marguerite Henry
Marguerite Henry
Born on This Date 1902

[Greenville Public Library]

Young-adult Authors 1949 Newbery Medal Winner for King of the Wind

John Biggers
John Biggers
Born on This Date 1924

[The Getty]

African American Artists

Olga Tańón
Olga Tańón
Born on This Date 1967



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Cambodia: Bonn Chaul Chhnam
(New Year's Celebration from April 13-15)
Cambodia U.S. Department of State
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(Celebrates the Buddhist new Year April 13-15)
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United States: Thomas Jefferson Day
(Observed to commemorate the anniversary of the birth date of Thomas Jefferson: 04/13/1743)
Thomas Jefferson Presidential Seal
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1893 Genevieve Foster (New York-born Historical Children's Author, Illustrator) New York Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists American History
1902 Marguerite Henry (Wisconsin-born Children's Author Awarded the 1949 Newbery Medal for King of the Wind) Marguerite Henry Young-adult Authors 1949 Newbery Medal Winner for King of the Wind
1923 Erik Haugaard (Danish Children's Author) Danish Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1938 Lee Bennett Hopkins (Pennsylvania-born Poet, Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Poetry
1957 Rita Williams-Garcia (New York-born African-American Children's Author) New York Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors African-American Authors & Illustrators
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1871 Martin Gonzalez (Mexican Poet, Physician, Diplomat) Mexican Authors & Illustrators Poetry Medicine
1885 György Lukács (Hungarian Marxist Philosopher, Writer, Literary Critic) György Lukács Philosophy
1891 Nella Larsen (Chicago-born African-American Author) Nella Larsen African-American Authors & Illustrators
1906 Samuel Beckett (Irish-born 1969 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Samuel Beckett 1969 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1909 Eudora Welty (Mississippi-born Author Awarded the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Optimist's Daughter) Eudora Welty 1973 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: The Optimist's Daughter
1922 John Braine (English Novelist; One of the "Angry Young Men") English Authors Writer's Almanac
1939 Seamus Heaney (Northern Ireland Poet) Seamus Heaney Poetry
1943 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (French Author; 2008 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio 2008 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Artists, Architects and Designers
1769 Thomas Lawrence (English Portrait Painter and Draftsman) English Artists
1924 John Biggers (North Carolina-born African-American Artist) John Biggers African-American Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1816 William Benett (English Pianist, Conductor, Composer) English Composers Classical Composers
1938 Frederic Rzewski (Massachusetts-born Pianist, Composer) Massachusetts Composers Classical Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1829 Robert Watson-Watt (Scottish Physicist; Knighted for His Role in the Development of Radar) Robert Watson-Watt Inventors and Inventions RADAR
1854 Richard Ely (New York-born Economist) New York  Scientists and Mathematicians Economists Wisconsin Historical Society
1888 John Hays Hammond, Jr. (San Francisco-born Inventor; Developed Radio Remote Control) San Francisco Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Radio
1899 Alfred M. Butts (New York-born Inventor of Scrabble) New York Inventors Inventors & Inventions Scrabble Merriam-Webster Writer's Almanac
1941 Michael Stuart Brown (New York City-born 1985 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) New York City Scientists & Mathematicians Genetics 1985 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
Business Leaders
1772 Eli Terry (Connecticut-born Clockmaker and Innovator in Mass Production) Connecticut Business Leaders Time
1852 F.W. Woolworth (New York-born Founder of Woolworth Department Stores) F.W. Woolworth Economics & Business
Military Leaders
1822 William Stephen Walker (Pennsylvania-born Confederate General) Pennsylvania Military Figures American Civil War Univeristy of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1506 Peter Faber (French Jesuit Theologian, co-Founder of the Society of Jesus) French Political & Social Leaders Catholicism
1732 Fredrick North (English Prime Minister, Author of the Tea Act That Led to the Boston Tea Party) English Political & Social Leaders American Revolution
1743 Thomas Jefferson (Virginia-born American President, Statesman) Virginia Political & Social Leaders Thomas Jefferson The American Presidency Library of Congress
1832 Juan Montalvo Fiallos (Ecuadorian Educator) Ecuadoran Political & Social Leaders Education
1854 Lucy Craft Laney (Georgia-born African-American Educator) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia African American Registry
1873 John W. Davis (West Virginia Attorney, Statesman: Democratic Party's 1924 Nominee for U.S. President) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Law Politics West Virginia Archives
1890 Frank Murphy (Michigan-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Michigan Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1907 Harold E. Stassen (Governor of Minnesota: 1939 - 1943) Minnesota Political & Social Leaders
1933 Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Native-American U.S. Senator from Colorado, Born in California) California Political & Social Leaders Colorado Political & Social Leaders U.S. Congress Native American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1944 Charles Burnett (Mississippi-born African-American Film Director, Producer, Screenwriter) Mississippi Performing Artists Filmmakers African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1945 Tony Dow (Los Angeles-born Actor, Producer: Wally on "Leave It to Beaver") Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1946 Al Green (Arkansas-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Al Green Rock and Roll Hall of Fame American Composers/Songwriters African-American Performing Arts
1951 Peabo Bryson (South Carolina-born African-American Singer) South Carolina Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Arts Internet Movie Database
1967 Olga Teresa Tańón (Puerto Rican Grammy-Winning Singer) Olga Teresa Tańón Popular Musicians Latin-American Performing Artists Multiple Grammy Awards
1970 Rick Schroder (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1963 Gary Kasparov (Azerbaijan-born World Chess Champion) Garry Kasparov Chess
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1888 Robert Mills (Kentucky-born Texas Business Leader) Kentucky Business Leaders Texas Business Leaders American Business Leaders Texas Satate Historical Association
1925 Elwood Haynes (Indiana-born Auto Industry Pioneer) Indiana Inventors Inventors & Inventions Automobiles
1993 Wallace Stegner (Iowa-born Pulitzer Prize-winning Author of Western Novels) Iowa Authors American Authors Westward Expansion 1972 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Angle of Repose and The Spectator Bird
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1000s that Occurred on this Date
1059 Pope Nicholas II Decrees That the Election of the Pope Will be by Cardinal Bishops Only Catholicism Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1360 Hail Storm Kills an Estimated 1,000 British Soldiers in Chartres, France Great Britain Chartres, France Storms Death History Channel
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1534 Thomas More, Lord Chancellor of England, Refuses to Take Henry VIII's Oath to the English Succession English Political and Social Leaders Henry VIII Concordia
1598 King Henry IV of France Issues the Edict of Nantes, Granting Religious Freedom to non-Catholics French Political and Social Leaders Religion Human Rights/Civil Rights Concordia Chambers' Book of Days
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1742 Handel's Messiah Is First Performed Publicly in Dublin, Ireland Ireland Handel's Messiah Historic Firsts Concordia
1777 British Troops Route Americans at the Village of Bound Brook in Central New Jersey Great Britain New Jersey American Revolution History Channel
1785 The Continental Congress Grants Land Rights in the Northwest Territory to Refugees of Nova Scotia Who supported the American Revolution Nova Scotia Continential Congress Immigration American Revolution Ohio Historical Society
1788 Protestors Ransack a New York City Hospital They Believe to be Robbing Graves of Bodies for Medical Students New York City Education Health Care Crime New York State  Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1802 In Indiana, the Society of Friends Decides to Build a Farm in Huntington County for Teaching Agriculture to Native Americans Huntington County, Indiana Quakers Native-American Heritage Education Farming & Agriculture Indiana Historical Society
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Being disappointed in my observations of yesterday for Longitude, I was unwilling to remain at the entrance of the river another day for that purpose, and therefore determined to set out early this morning; which we did accordingly; the wind was in our favour after 9 A. M. and continued favourable untill three 3 P. M. we therefore hoisted both the sails in the White Peroge, consisting of a small squar sail, and spritsail, which carried her at a pretty good gate, untill about 2 in the afternoon when a suddon squall of wind struck us and turned the perogue so much on the side as to allarm Sharbono who was steering at the time, in this state of alarm he threw the perogue with her side to the wind, when the spritsail gibing was as near overseting the perogue as it was possible to have missed. the wind however abating for an instant I ordered Drewyer to the helm and the sails to be taken in, which was instant executed and the perogue being steered before the wind was agin plased in a state of security. this accedent was very near costing us dearly. beleiving this vessell to be the most steady and safe, we had embarked on board of it our instruments, Papers, medicine and the most valuable part of the merchandize which we had still in reserve as presents for the Indians. we had also embarked on board ourselves, with three men who could not swim and the squaw with the young child, all of whom,
had the perogue overset, would most probably have perished, as the waves were high, and the perogue upwards of 200 yards from the nearest shore; however we fortunately escaped and pursued our journey under the square sail, which shortly after the accident I directed to be again hoisted.

our party caught three beaver last evening; and the French hunters 7. as there was much appearance of beaver just above the entrance of the little Missouri these hunters concluded to remain some days; we therefore left them without the expectation of seeing them again.— just above the entrance of the Little Missouri the great Missouri is upwards of
a mile in width, tho' immediately at the entrance of the former it is not more than 200 yards wide and so shallow that
the canoes passed it with seting poles. at the distance of nine miles passed the mouth of a creek on the Stard. side which we called onion creek

[Former Lucky Mound Creek in McLean County, North Dakota, also known as Rising Water or Pride Creek; it is
today's Deepwater Creek.]

from the quantity of wild onions which grow in the plains on it's borders. Capt. Clark who was on shore informed me
that this creek was 16 yards wide a mile & a half above it's entrance, discharges more water than creeks of it's size usually do in this open country, and that there was not a stick of timber of any discription to be seen on it's borders, or the level plain country through which it passes. at the disetance of 10 miles further we passed the mouth of a large creek;

[Shell Creek, now inundated, in Mountrail County, North Dakota; the actual source is much higher than the captains thought. The lake, "Goose Egg Lake", is also under Garrison Reservoir].

discharging itself in the center of a deep bend. of this creek and the neighbouring country, Capt. Clark who was on shore gave me the following discription "This creek I took to be a small river from it's size, and the quantity of water which it discharged. I ascended it 1˝ miles, and found it the discharge of a pond or small lake, which had the appearance of having formerly been the bed of the Missouri. several small streems discharge themselves into this lake. the country on both sides consists of beautifull level and elivated plains; asscending as they recede from the Missouri;

there were a great number of Swan and geese in this lake and near it's borders I saw the remains of 43 temperary Indian lodges, which I presume were those of the Assinniboins who are now in the neighbourhood of the British establishments on the Assinniboin river—" This lake and it's discharge we call goos Egg from the circumstance of Capt. Clark shooting a goose while on her nest in the top of a lofty cotton wood tree, from which we afterwards took
one egg. the wild gees frequently build their nests in this manner, at least we have already found several in trees, nor have we as yet seen any on the ground, or sand bars where I had supposed from previous information that they most commonly deposited their eggs.—

[Nesting in trees is contrary to the habits of the Canada goose in the East. Nineteenth-century ornithologists
challenged the captains' statement, but this behavior was later confirmed, which provided protection from such predators as wolves and badgers, from observations in the same region]

saw some Buffaloe and Elk at a distance today but killed none of them. we found a number of carcases of the
Buffaloe lying along shore, which had been drowned by falling through the ice in winter and lodged on shore by the high water when the river broke up about the first of this month.

we saw also many tracks of the white bear of enormous size, along the river shore and about the carcases of the Buffaloe, on which I presume they feed. we have not as yet seen one of these anamals, tho' their tracks are so abundant and recent. the men as well as ourselves are anxious to meet with some of these bear. the Indians give a very formidable account of the strengh and ferocity of this anamal, which they never dare to attack but in parties of six eight or ten persons; and are even then frequently defeated with the loss of one or more of their party. the savages attack this anamal with their bows and arrows and the indifferent guns with which the traders furnish them, with these they shoot with such uncertainty and at so short a distance, that they frequently mis their aim & fall a sacrefice to the bear. two Minetaries were killed during the last winter in an attack on a white bear. this anamall is said more frequently to attack a man on meeting with him, than to flee from him. When the Indians are about to go in quest of the white bear, previous to their departure, they paint themselves and perform all those supersticious rights commonly observed when they are about to make war uppon a neighbouring nation.

Oserved more bald eagles on this part of the Missouri than we have previously seen. saw the small hawk, frequently called the sparrow hawk, which is common to most parts of the U States. great quantities of gees are seen feeding in the praries. saw a large flock of white brant or gees with black wings pass up the river; there were a number of gray brant with them; from their flight I presume they proceed much further still to the N. W.— we have never been enabled yet to shoot one of these birds, and cannot therefore determine whether the gray brant found with the white are their brude of the last year or whether they are the same with the grey brant common to the Mississippi and lower part of the Missouri.—

we killed 2 Antelopes today which we found swiming from the S. to the N. side of the river; they were very poor.— We encamped this evening on the Stard. shore in a beautifull plain. elivated about 30 feet above the river.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Mountrail County, North Dakota
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The loss of one of our perogues rendered it necessary to distribute her crew and cargo among the 2 remaining perogues and 2 canoes, which being done we loaded and set out 8 A. M. we passed the village immediately above the rapids where only one house at present remains entire, the other 8 having been taken down and removed to the oposite side of the river as before mentioned.

we found the additional laiding which we had been compelled to put on board rendered our vessels extreemly inconvenient to mannage and in short reather unsafe in the event of high winds; I therefore left Capt. C. with the two Perogues to proceede up the river on the N. side, and with the two canoes and some additional hands passed over the river above the rapids of the Y-eh-huh village in order to purchase one or more canoes.

I found the village consisting of 11 houses crouded with inhabitants; it appeared to me that they could have mustered about 60 fighting men then present. they appeared very friendly disposed, and I soon obtained two small canoes from them for which I gave two robes and four elkskins. I also purchased four paddles and three dogs from them with deerskins.

the dog now constitutes a considerable part of our subsistence and with most of the party has become a favorite food; certain I am that it is a healthy strong diet, and from habit it has become by no means disagreeable to me, I prefer it
to lean venison or Elk, and is very far superior to the horse in any state.

after remaining about 2 hours at this Village I departed and continued my rout with the four canoes along the S. side of the river the wind being too high to pass over to the entrance of Cruzatts river where I expected to have overtaken
Capt. C. not seing the perogues on the opposite side I ascended the river untill one oclock or about 5 ms. above the entrance of Cruzat's river. being convinced that the perogues were behind I halted and directed the men to dress the dogs and cook one of them for dinner;

a little before we had completed our meal Capt. C. arrived with the perogues and landed opposite to us. [4] after dinner I passed the river to the perogues and found that Capt. C. had halted for the evening and was himself hunting with
three of the party.

the men in formed me that they had seen nothing of the hunters whom we had sent on the 11th ints. to the Entrance of Cruzatt's Riv. I directed Sergt. ordway to take the two small canoes for his mess and the loading which he had formerly carried in the perogue we lost yesterday, and to have them dryed this evening and payed with rozin.

Capt. Clark returned in about an hour and being convinced that the hunters were yet behind we dispatched Sergt. Pryor in surch of them with two men and an empty canoe to bring the meat they may have killed.

John Sheilds returned a little after six P. M. with two deer which he had killed. these were also of the blacktailed fallow deer; there appears to be no other speceis of deer in these mountains.

Capt. C. informed me that the wind had detained him several hours a little above Cruzatt's river; that while detained here he sent out some men to hunt; one of them wounded two deer but got neither of them. the wind having lulled in
the evening and not seing anything of Drewyer and the Feildses he had proceeded on to this place where he intended waiting for me, and as he did not see my canoes when he landed had taken a hunt with some of the men as before mentioned.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Skamania County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 In Alabama, Spain's Commander at Mobile's Fort Charlotte Discusses Terms of Surrender with U.S. General James Wilkinson Spain Mobile, Alabama Forts Alabama State Archives
1823 11-year-old Franz Liszt Performs at the Imperial Redoutensaal in Vienna, Austria Vienna Austria Franz Liszt Classical Musicians American Public Media
1829 In the Emancipation Act, the British Parliament Grants Freedom of Religion to Roman Catholics Great Britain Catholicism Victorian Web Concordia
1849 In Monterey, U.S. General Bennet Riley Takes Over as "Civil" Governor of California Monterey, California California Gold Rush Virtual Museum of San Francisco
In Minnesota, the U.S. Army Officially Occupies Fort Gaines (Fort Ripley) to Monitor the Winnebago and Maintain Peace Between Ojibwe and Dakota Minnesota Native American Heritage Forts Minnesota Historical Society
1850 California Legislature Passes Foreign Miners Tax Requiring non-American Miners to Pay a Monthly $20 Tax California The California Gold Rush Taxes Virtual Museum of San Francisco Learn California
1861 Union Troops Surrender Fort Sumter, South Carolina South Carolina Fort Sumter Forts History Channel
1862 Federal Gunboat, U.S.S. Beauregard, Shells Tampa, Florida's Fort Brooke Tampa, Florida American Civil War Forts Florida Historical Society
1863 The First Orthopedic Hospital Is Incorporated in New York City New York City Health Care Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1864 Federal Troops Destroy Two Large Salt Works in Florida Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 News of Lee's Surrender in Virginia Reaches Confederate Troops in Florida Florida Surrender at Appomattox Robert E. Lee American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Is Founded in New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art Museums Museum of Modern Art New York Times
1873 White Mob Massacres Over 100 African Americans at the Grant Parish Courthouse in Colfax, Louisiana Colfax, Louisiana Terrorism African-American Heritage Death NYU School of Law (pdf)
1874 Fire Destroys Much of the School for the Visually Handicapped in Janesville, Wisconsin Janesville, Wisconsin Education Blindness Fire Wisconsin Historical Society
1886 77 Chiricahua Apache Indians Arrive From Arizona for Imprisonment in St. Augustine, Florida St. Augustine, Florida Arizona Chiricahua Apache Indians Prison Florida Historical Society
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Civil Rights Case Is Argued before U.S. Supreme Court Homer Plessy U.S. Supreme Court Plessy v. Ferguson Oyez
The American Guild of Organists Is Founded in New York City New York City Organs Classical Musicians American Guild of Organists American Public Media
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 First Council of the Knights of Columbus in Texas Is Founded in El Paso El Paso, Texas Catholicism Historic Firsts Knights of Columbus Texas Satate Historical Association
1905 Iowa Is Shaken by the Largest Earthquake in the State's Recorded History Iowa Earthquakes USGS
1912 The British Royal Flying Corps is Established Great Britain Aviation History British RAF Museum
1913 The Princess Sophia Strikes Alaska's Sentinel Island Reef and Is Damaged Alaska Naval History Alaska Historical Society
1918 German Troops Seize Helsinki from an Army of Finnish Supporters of the Russian Bolsheviks Helsinki, Finland Germany Russia World War I History Channel
1919 10,000 Protest Arrest of Two Indian Congress Party Leaders, British Troops Kill 379 and Wound 1,200 India Great Britain Death Historic UK History Channel
1925 Henry Ford Begins a Commercial Airline Service Between Detroit and Chicago Detroit, Michigan Chicago, Illinois Henry Ford Aviation History Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
City of Naples, Florida Is Incorporated Naples, Florida Naples, Florida Florida Historical Society
1933 First Enrollees of the Massachusetts Civilian Conservation Corps Arrives at Fort Devens Massachusetts Labor Earth and Environmental Science The New Deal Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1939 "Wuthering Heights" Premieres On Screen Emily Bronte Film History Channel
1941 Japan and the Soviet Union Sign a 5-year Nonaggression Pact Japanese Government Soviet Union Historic World Documents History Channel
Trackless Trolleys and Buses Replace Streetcars in Seattle Transit System Seattle, Washington Transportation History Link
1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Dedicates the Jefferson Memorial President Thomas Jefferson President Franklin Roosevelt Jefferson Memorial New York Times
1944 Martin Luther King Jr. Wins the Oratorical Contest at Atlanta's Booker T. Washington High School Atlanta, Georgia Martin Luther King Jr. Education Finearts University of Georgia
1948 General Dwight Eisenhower Begins a Ten-day Vacation at the Augusta National Golf Club Augusta, Georgia President Dwight Eisenhower The Masters University of Georgia
1949 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 8 in Washington's Tacoma/Olympia Area, Causes $25M Damage Washington Earthquakes Death USGS History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1958 Pianist Van Cliburn Is the First American to Win the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow Moscow, Russia Louisiana Performing Artists Classical Musicians Historic Firsts Tchaikovsky Competition American Public Media
1964 Sidney Poitier Is First African American to Win Academy Award for Best Actor Sidney Poitier Actor Film Academy Award African-American Performing Artists Historic Firsts
1967 Future Hall of Famer, Rod Carew, Plays His First Professional Baseball Game with the Minnesota Twins Rod Carew Minnesota Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball Latin-American Sports Figures Minnesota Historical Society
1969 NASA Launches the Nimbus-3 Weather Satellite Space Exploration Weather NASA
1970 Apollo 13 Radios: "Houston, we've got a problem." NASA Apollo 13 New York Times History Channel
San Diego, California's Billy Casper Wins the Masters Championship California Sports Figures The Masters Sports Illustrated
Losing Battles by Eudora Welty is Published by Random House Eudora Welty American Authors American Collection
1972 10-day Major League Baseball Labor Strike Ends Baseball Labor Major League Baseball Sports Illustrated
1974 NASA Launches Westar 1 Telecommunications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1975 Civil War Breaks Out in Lebanon When Gunmen Kill 4 Christian Phalangists Lebanon Religion War Death BBC
Jack Nicklaus Wins His 5th Masters Championship Jack Nicklaus The Masters Sports Illustrated
1980 Seve Ballesteros Wins His 1st Masters Championship Spanish Sports Figures The Masters Sports Illustrated
1981 Washington Post Reporter Receives Pulitzer Prize for Fabricated Story The Washington Post 1981 Pulitzer Prizes Journalism New York Times
1982 5.0 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Rockslides That Kill 1 Inside a South African Gold Mine South Africa Earthquakes Gold Death USGS
1983 South Africa's Defence Amendment Bill Provides Alternative Non-Military Service for Religious Objectors South Africa South African Military Figures South African History
1984 Pete Rose Gets his 4,000th Hit Exactly 21 Years after His First Hit Pete Rose Baseball New York Times
1985 80,000 Attend Funeral for Those Killed Observing Anniversary of South Africa's Sharpeville Massacre Sharpeville Massacre South African History
1986 Pope John Paul II Visits a Rome Synagogue in First Papal Visit of Its Kind Pope John Paul II Religion Judaism Historic Firsts Concordia
Golfer Jack Nicklaus Wins His Sixth Masters at Age 46 Jack Nicklaus The Masters USA Today New York Times
Special Reunion of the Cast of the Andy Griffith Show Airs Andy Griffith Show Family Television History Channel
1989 Six Killed in Israeli Raid on West Bank Village Palestine Israel War Death BBC
1990 Soviets Admit to WWII Massacre of 5,000 Polish Officers in Katyn Forest Poland Soviet Union World War II Fall of the Soviet Union History Channel
"Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles" Movie Is Copyrighted Copyright Film Internet Movie Database USPTO
1992 5.5 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Damage in the Netherlands and Northern Germany The Netherlands Germany Earthquakes USGS
Neil Kinnock Resigns as Leader of Britain's Labour Party English Political and Social Leaders Labour Party BBC
1997 21-year-old Tiger Woods is the Youngest and First Non-white Masters Champion Tiger Woods The Masters Historic Firsts History Channel BBC
1998 NationsBank and BankAmerica Announce a $62.5 Billion Merger Economic Institutions Economics & Business PBS
1999 Dr. Jack Kevorkian Sentenced to 10-25 Years for Televised Assisted Suicide Notorious People of Michigan Health Care Crime Death CNN
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2002 Venezuela's Interim President Resigns after One Day in Response to Protests Venezuela CNN
2003 Mike Weir Is the First Canadian to Win the Masters Championship Canadian Sports Figures Historic Firsts The Masters University of Georgia