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APRIL 16

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National Stress Awareness Day
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 1912, who became the first woman to fly across the English Channel? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which national monument was established on this date in 1908? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to "TIME 100", what recognition was given to Charlie Chaplin by a 1995 worldwide survey of film critics? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an Eleanora Tate book (according to African American Literature Book Club):
BEECHER GROOVES FOG MUTT
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who was the person responsible for first coining the term "Cold War" on this date in 1947? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Biography.com, what was the name of Charlie Chaplin's half brother? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, Wilbur Wright had two older brothers. What were their names? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1962 work by Kingsley Amis (according to the Authors' Calendar):
YOU CENT SETH VAN
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to his St. Andrews University biography, on what holiday was Isaac Newton born?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, to whom did Dr. King send his letter written in a Birmingham jail on this date in 1963?

3. According to the African American Registry, what did Flora Batson Bergen become known as?


Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1994 recording by Selena (according to Warner Brothers):
PUMP JERN ZOO WATERS
 
 

Flora Batson Bergen
Born on This Date 1864

[University of North Carolina]
Opera Singer

Wilbur Wright
Born on This Date 1867

[Lucid Library]
Inventor of the Airplane

Charlie Chaplin
Born on This Date 1889

[Silents Majority]
Actor

Eleanora Tate
Born on This Date 1949

[Rowan Public Library, NC]
Primary Children's Author

Selena Quintanilla Pérez
Born on This Date 1971

[Warner Brothers]
Singer
 
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Denmark: Queen's Birthday
(Celebrates the birthday of Queen Margrethe II: 04/16/1940)
Denmark World Travel Guide
United States: National Stress Awareness Day
(April 16 each year - the day after taxes are due)
1040 Tax Form The Health Resource Network
 Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1890 Gertrude Chandler Warner (Connecticut-born Children's Author of the Boxcar Mysteries) Connecticut Authors Young-adult Authors KidsReads
1910 Gunnel Beckman (Swedish Children's Author) Swedish Authors Young-adult Authors Kjoek
1912 Garth Williams (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York Artists American Artists E.B. White Bookrags
1922 John Christopher (aka Samuel Youd: English Children's Author) English Authors Young-adult Authors
1942 Eva Moore (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors Primary Children's Non-fiction
1940 Eleanora Tate (Missouri-born African-American Children's Author) Eleanora Tate Young-adult Authors African American Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1844 Anatole France (French Writer, Critic Awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for Literature) Anatole France 1921 Nobel Prize for Literature
1871 John Millington Synge (Irish Playwright) John Millington Synge Plays
1921 Clark Mollenhoff (Iowa-born Pulitzer Prize-Winning Investigative Reporter) Clark Mollenhoff Journalism
1922 Kingsley Amis (English Poet, Comic Novelist) Kingsley Amis Poetry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1755 Marie-Louise-Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun (French Painter) French Artists Artists
1821 Ford Madox Brown (French-English Victorian Painter) French Artists English Artists Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1924 Henry Mancini (Ohio-born Composer, Conductor) Ohio Performing Artists American Composers Popular Music Film Internet Movie Database Biography.com National Public Radio
1929 Ed Townsend (Tennessee-born African-American Lyricist, Songwriter, Producer) Tennessee Composers. Songwriters American Composers, Songwriters African-American Composers, Songwriters Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1930 Herbie Mann (New York City-born Composer, Songwriter) New York City Performing Artists American Composers, Songwriters Popular Music Internet Movie Database
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1786 John Franklin (English Rear Admiral, North American Explorer) English Military Figures North American Explorers Naval History
1867 Wilbur Wright (Indiana-born Aviation Pioneer with His Brother Orville) Wilbur Wright Aviation History
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1660 Hans Sloane (Irish Naturalist, Founder of the British Museum) Hans Sloane Museums
1897 Frederick William Winterbotham (English Code Breaker) English Mathematicians & Scientists Problem Solving Puzzles WWII History Channel
1921 Marie Maynard Daly (New York City-born Biochemist: First African-American Woman to Earn a Ph.D. in Chemistry) New York City Scientists & Mathematicians Biochemistry American Women in Science and Math African-American Scientists & Mathematicians African American Registry
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1927 Joseph Ratzinger (German-born Roman Catholic Pope Benedict XVI) German Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholic Popes The Vatican
Military Leaders
1738 Henry Clinton (Canadian-born Commander in Chief of British Forces in North America) Canadian Military Figures British Military Figures American Revolution History Channel
Political and Social Leaders
1866 José de Diego (Puerto Rican Writer, Social & Political Leader) José de Diego Latin American Political and Social Leaders
1897 Jesús T. Piñero (First Native-born Governor of Puerto Rico) Puerto Rican Political & Social Leaders Latin American Political and Social Leaders
1916 George Wilbur Peck (New York-born Governor of Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1923 Arch Moore (Three-Term Governor of West Virginia) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders West Virginia State Archives
1940 Queen Margrethe of Denmark Denmark
Performing Artists
1864 Flora Batson (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Concert Singer) Washington, D.C. Performing Artists Musicians African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1889 Charlie Chaplin (English Actor, Producer, Writer, Director) English Performing Artists Charlie Chaplin Actors Film
1918 Carol Brice (North Carolina-born African-American Contralto Concert Singer) North Carolina Performing Artists Musicians African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1919 Merce Cunningham (Washington-born Dancer, Choreographer) Washington Performing Artists Dance Biography.com
1920 Barry Nelson (San Francisco-born Actor) San Francisco Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1921 Peter Ustinov (English Actor, Playwright) English Performing Artists Plays Actors Film Biography.com
1929 Roy Hamilton (Georgia-born Popular Singer) Georgia Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
Edie Adams (Pennsylvania-born Singer, Actress) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1935 Bobby Vinton (Pennsylvania-born Popular Singer) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1939 Dusty Springfield (English Popular Singer) English Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1943 Ruth Madoc (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1955 Ellen Barkin (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1965 Martin Lawrence (African-American Comedian) American Performing Artists Actors Film African American Performing Artists Biography.com
1971 Selena Quintanilla Pérez (Texas-born Latin-American Popular Singer) Selena Quintanilla Pérez Popular Musicians Latin American Performing Artists
Sports Figures
1947 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (New York-born African-American member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) New York Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures Biography.com African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1689 Aphra Behn (English Poet) English Authors Poetry Chambers Book of Days
1760 Marie Gresholtz Tussaud (French Wax Sculptor: Founder of Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum) French Artists Artists Chambers Book of Days
1796 Arthur Young (English Writer of Agricultural Affairs) English Authors Farming and Agriculture Chambers Book of Days
1865 Robert Charles Tyler (Maryland-born Confederate General Killed in Battle at West Point, Georgia) West Point, Georgia Maryland Military Figures Battle of West Point, Georgia University of Georgia
1958 Rosalind Franklin (English Chemist Who Worked with Watson and Crick on Discovery of the Structure of DNA) Rosalind Franklin Chemistry DNA
1968 Edna Ferber (Michigan-born Author, Playwright) Michigan Authors American Authors Plays
1978 Lucius Clay (Georgia-born Military and Business Leader, Advisor to General/President Dwight Eisenhower) Georgia Military Figures U.S. Government President Dwight Eisenhower World War II Business University of Georgia
1991 David Lean (English Director, Filmmaker) English Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1994 Ralph Ellison (Oklahoma-born African-American Writer) Ralph Ellison American Authors African-American Authors
1995 Iqbal Masih (12-Yearo-Old Pakistani Opponent of Child Labor - Assassinated) Pakistan Child Labor Child Advocacy World Children's Prize for the Rights of the Child
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1705 England's Queen Anne Knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College Isaac Newton Physics Calculus Queen Anne Ancestory.com
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie's Defeat at the Battle of Culloden Moor in Scotland Ends Britain's Jacobite Uprising Scotland British History British Monarchy War Chambers Book of Days Historic UK Greenwich Guide
1787 Royall Tyler's The Contrast Opens in New York Beginning the American Tradition of Social Comedy New York Massachusetts Authors Plays Historic Firsts National Council of Teachers of Enmglish History Channel
1789 George Washington Leaves Mt. Vernon for His Inauguration Mt. Vernon, Virginia George Washington American Presidents History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: About 8 A. M. Capt. Clark passed the river with the two interpreters, the indian woman and nine men in order to trade with the natives for their horses, for which purpose he took with him a good part of our stock of merchandize.

I remained in camp; sent out the hunters very early in the morning, and set Sergts. Gass and Pryor with some others at work to make a parsel of packsaddles.

twelve horses will be sufficient to transport our baggage and some pounded fish which we intend taking with us as a reserved store for the rocky mountains.

I was visited today by several of the natives, and amused myself in making a collection of the esculent plants in the neighbourhood such as the Indians use, a specemine of which I preserved. I also met with sundry other plants which were strangers to me which I also preserved, among others there is a currant which is now in blume and has yellow blossom something like the yellow currant of the Missouri but is a different speceis.

Reubin Feilds returned in the evening and brought with him a large grey squrrel and two others of a kind I had never before seen. they are a size less than the grey squirrel common to the middle atlantic states and of a pided grey and yellowish brown colour, in form it resembles our grey squrrel precisely. I had them skined leaving the head feet and tail to them and placed in the sun to dry.

Joseph Feilds brought me a black pheasant which he had killed; this I found on examination to be the large black or dark brown pheasant I had met with on the upper part of the Missouri.

our present station is the last point at which there is a single stick of timber on the river for a great distance and is the commencement of the open plains which extend nearly to the base of the rocky Mts.

Labuish returned this evening having killed two deer I sent and had them brought in.

this evening Capt. C. informed me by some of the men whom he sent over that that he had obtained no horses as yet of the natives. that they promised to trade with him provided he would remove to their village. to this he had consented and should proceeded to the Skillute village above the long narrows as soon as the men returned whom he had sent to me for some other articles. I dispatched the men on their return to capt. C. immediately with these articles and he set out with his party accompanyed by the natives to their village where he remained all night.—

the natives who had spent the day with me seemed very well disposed, they left me at 6 in the evening and returned to their rispective villages.

the hunters informed me that they saw some Antelopes, & the tracks of several black bear, but no appearance of any Elk. we were informed by the Indians that the river which falls in on the S. side of the Columbia just above the Eneshur village heads in Mount hood and dose not water the extensive country which we have heretofore calculated on. a great portion of that extensive tract of country to the S. and S. W. of the Columbia and it's S. E. branch, and between the same and the waters of Callifornia must be watered by the Multnomah river.—


Clark: Crossed the river and Sent Drewyer & Goodrich to the Skil lute village to envite the Indians to trade horses with us, also sent Frazer & Shabono to the Che-luck-kit-ti-quar village for the same purpose a number of Indians came of both nations and delayed the greater part of the day without tradeing a Single horse

the Great Chief of the Skillutes also came with Drewyer. he was lame and Could not walk he told me if I would go to his Town his people would trade with me. I Set out late and arrived at Sunset and informed. the natives that in the morning I would trade with them. he gave me onions to eate which had been Sweated. Peter played the violin and the men danced. Saw abt. 100 Stacks of fish. maney nations visit this place for trade. the discription of the houses, their dress habits &c. Smoked &c. I saw great numbers of horses

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1848 Congressman Abraham Lincoln Writes a Letter to His Wife from Washington, D.C. U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1852 A Warrant for 40 Acres of Land Is Issued to Lincoln for Services in the Black Hawk War Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
In California, Sierra County Is Organized Sierra County, California Learn California
1861 The Confederate War Department Issues Its Third Troop Request From Southern States American Civil War. Florida State Historical Society
Off the Coast of Florida's Santa Rosa Island, the U.S.S. Atlantic Disembarks 1,000 Men for the Defense of Fort Pickens Florida. American Civil War Forts Naval Military History Florida State Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Signs an Act Abolishing Slavery in the District of Columbia Washington, D.C. President Abraham Lincoln Slavery African-American Heritage Library of Congress Lincoln Logs African American Registry
Confederate Congress Makes All Southern White Men Ages 18-35 Subject to Military Service American Civil War Florida State Historical Society University of Georgia
1863 Nighttime Flotilla Delivers Union Troops for Siege of Vicksburg Mississippi The Siege of Vicksburg Naval Military History History Channel
U.S.S. Hendrick Hudson Captures the British Blockade Runner Teresa off the Florida coast Great Britain American Civil War Naval Military History Florida State Historical Society
1864 President Lincoln Authorizes Transfer of Fort Smith and Indian Territory to the Department of Arkansas Fort Smith, Arkansas President Abraham Lincoln Forts Native-American Heritage National Park Service Lincoln Logs
1865 Andrew Johnson Uses the U.S. Treasury as a Temporary White House White House Andrew Johnson U.S. Treasury
Federal Ships in Florida Ports Are Ordered to Fire Their Guns Each Half-Hour, Sunrise to Sunset, in Honor of Slain President Abraham Lincoln. Florida. President Abraham Lincoln Naval Military History Florida State Historical Society
Confederate General Robert Charles Tyler Is Killed in Battle at West Point, Georgia West Point, Georgia Maryland Military Figures Battle of West Point, Georgia Death University of Georgia
Columbus, Georgia Falls to Union General James H. Wilson in the last Civil War Battle East of the Mississippi River Columbus, Georgia Battle of Columbus, Georgia University of Georgia
1869 Ebenezer Bassett Begins His Service as the First African-American Diplomat (Haiti) Haiti Connecticut Political and Social Leaders President Grant African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Haitian Internet
1873 Lonoke County, Arkansas Is Created Lonoke County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1881 A Dodge City Shootout Is Bat Masterson's Last Gun Battle Dodge City, Kansas Western Expansion Notorious Americans History Channel
1883 Frederick Douglass Commemorates the Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia Washington, D.C. Slavery Frederick Douglass Library of Congress
Paul Kruger Is Elected President of the South African Republic South African Political and Social Leaders Elections South African History
1888 The American Premiere of Verdi's Opera "Otello" Is Performed at the Academy of Music in New York City Verdi New York City Classical Music Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1891 The College of the Ozarks Is Organized MIssouri Education Education College of the Ozarks Arkansas History Commission
1899 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Some Damage to a Eureka, California Lumber Mill Eureka, California Earthquakes USGS
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1908 Theodore Roosevelt Issues Presidential Proclamation Establishing Natural Bridges National Monument Utah Parks and Landmarks Theodore Roosevelt Parks
1912 American Harriet Quimby Is the First Woman to Fly Across English Channel Aviation Women Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1917 Vladimir Lenin Returns to Russia after 10-year Exile in Switzerland to Lead the Russian Revolution Vladimir Lenin History Channel
The Minnesota Commission of Public Safety Is Formed by the Legislature to "protect life and property and to aid in the prosecution of the war" Minnesota Government World War I Minnesota Historical Society
1920 The American Premiere of Debussy's "Fantasie" Is First Performed by the Boston Symphony Claude Debussy Boston Symphony Classical Music Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1926 Lolly Willows Is the First Book-of-the-Month-Club Selection Literature History Channel
1934 William Faulkner Publishes Doctor Martino and Other Stories William Faulkner American Authors National Council of Teachers of Enmglish
Jacksonville University Is Founded Florida Education Education Jacksonville University Florida State Historical Society
1935 Fibber McGee & Molly Premieres on Radio Radio History Channel
1940 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Near Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
Cleveland's Bob Feller No-Hits the White Sox in Chicago on Opening Day Chicago Major League Baseball Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1943 In Basel, Switzerland, Chemist Albert Hoffman Accidentally Discovers the Hallucinogenic Effects of LSD Swiss Scientists & Mathematicians Drug Abuse History Channel
1944 The USS Wisconsin Battleship Is Commissioned for Active Duty Service Wisconsin Naval Military History Wisconsin Historical Society
1945 New President Harry Truman Pledges to Congress He Will Carry Out the Policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt U.S. Congress President Truman President Franklin Roosevelt New York Times
United States Congress Extends the Lend-Lease Act U.S. Congress World War II International Trade History Channel
1946 U.S. Military Launches the First V2 Rocket at the White Sands, New Mexico Missile Range New Mexico Space Exploration Historic Firsts White Sands Missle Range
1947 An Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer Explosion Aboard the French Freighter Grandcamp Destroys Much of Texas City, Texas, Killing 581 Texas City, TX Fire Naval History Chemistry Farming & Agriculture Death New York Times Texas State Histrical Association
Bernard Baruch Coins the Term "Cold War" in South Carolina Speech Bernard Baruch The Cold War Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 Queen Elizabeth II Launches the Royal Yacht Britannia English Political and Social Leader Queen Elizabeth II Naval History BBC
1958 Arnold Palmer Wins His First Masters Golf Tournament Arnold Palmer World Golf Hall of Fame The Masters Sports Illustrated University of Georgia
1959 Alaska's First State Legislature Adjourns After Nearly Three Months in Session Alaska State Government Alaska Historical Society
1962 Walter Cronkite Begins Anchoring CBS Evening News Walter Cronkite Television Journalism CBS Evening News New York Times
1963 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Writes His Letter from a Birmingham Jail Birmingham, Alabama Dr. King Historic Documents Civil Rights African American Registry University of Georgia
1964 12 Men Who Stole £2.6m in England's "Great Train Robbery" Are Sentenced to Jail Notorious English Railroad Crime Law and Legal Resources BBC
1965 Ground-Breaking Ceremonies Are Held for the University of West Florida in Pensacola Florida Education Education University of West Florida Florida State Historical Society
1968 President Lyndon Johnson Arrives in Hawaii to Discuss Vietnam War Hawaii Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War History Channel
1970 Protestant Right-Winger, Ian Paisley, Wins a Seat in Northern Ireland's Parliament Northern Ireland Political and Social Leader Elections BBC
1972 United States Resumes Bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong Vietnam War Aviation Military History History Channel
Apollo 16 Is Launched for 5th Manned Lunar Landing Space Exploration The Moon NASA History Channel
Two Giant Pandas from China Arrive at the National Zoological Park China U.S. Pandas Animals Planet
1973 In Taft, Oklahoma Leila Smith Foley Is the First Female African American to be Elected Mayor of a U.S. City Taft, Oklahoma Elections Female American Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts African American Registry
1979 Scientist Edward O. Wilson Is Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction for His Book On Human Nature Alabama Scientists & Mathematicians Science American Authors Pulitzer Prize Alabama State Archives
1980 Edmund Skellings of Dania Is Named Florida's Poet Laureate by Governor Bob Graham Florida Authors Poetry Florida State Historical Society
1981 The South African Government Arrests Catholic Bishop Desmond Tutu and Seizes His Passport Desmond Tutu Apartheid South African History
1987 NY News Guilty of Discrimination Against Black Reporters New York City Journalism Law and Legal Resources African-American History
1990 Nelson Mandela Thanks the World for Its Support in Overthrowing Apartheid South Africa Nelson Mandela Apartheid South African History
1991 Marge Anderson Becomes Chief Executive of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe Minnesota Political and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders Ojibwe Minnesota Historical Society
1992 David Milgaard Is Released from a Canadian Prison After Wrongfully Serving 22 Years for a Murder He Did Not Commit Canada Crime Law and Legal Resources Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1993 United Nations Security Council Votes to Create a Safe Haven for Bosnian Muslims Under Siege in the Town of Srebrenica United Nations Bosnia Islam War BBC
1996 General Motors Buys Detroit's Renaissance Center Detroit, Michigan Business Genral Motors State of Michigan
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2003 Seattle Designates the 1962 Monorail as an Historic Landmark Seattle, Washington Seattle Monorail History Link
2004 A Set of Shell Beads Estimated to be 75 000 Years Old Are Found in a South African Cave Overlooking the Indian Ocean South Africa Archaeology South African History