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American Samoa American Samoa

APRIL 17

American Samoa American Samoa
 
 

 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which state seceded from the Union on this date in 1861? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1492, which country commissioned Christopher Columbus to seek a westward passage to Asia? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to ABC, Daffy Duck has appeared in how many cartoons? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:
GALLON TRAY
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who was arrested on this date in 1865 as a conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Red Hot Jazz, Johnny St. Cyr recorded with Louis Armstrong as a key member of what two groups? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. In what year did the United States Postal Service issue a Daffy Duck stamp? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Jane Kurtz (according to Scholastic):
BRET LOU
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Pulitzer Foundation, in what years did Thornton Wilder win Pulitzer Prizes?

2. According to the History Channel, approximately how many Cuban exiles were involved in the Bay of Pigs invasion on this date in 1961?

3. According to the Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, the Ford Mustang was the first automobile to win what award?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of one of the first five books published by Isak Dinesen (according to Authors' Calendar):
CURFIA A FOOT
 
 

Johnny St. Cyr
Born on This Date 1890

[Red Hot Jazz]
Jazz Musician

Thornton Wilder
Born on This Date 1897

[Oberlin College]
Author

Daffy Duck
Since This Date 1937

[Looney Tune Club]
Cartoons and Comics

Georges J.F. Köhler
Born on This Date 1946

[Nobel Foundation]
Immunologist1984 Nobel Laureate in Physiology and Medicine

Jane Kurtz
Born on This Date 1952

[Official Website]
Primary Children's Author
 
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American Samoa: Flag Day
(Commemorates American Samoa becoming a U.S. territory: 04/17/1900)
American Samoa American Samoa Historic Preservation Office
Syria: Evacuation Day
(Observed annually to commemorate the exit of France from Syria 04/17/1946)
Syria France ArabicNews.com
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1924 Roy Gallant (Maine-born Children's Science Author) Maine Authors Science Young-adult Authors
1943 Dayal Kaur Khalsa (New York-born Canadian Children's Author) New York Authors Canadian Authors Primary Children's Authors
1949 Martin Godfrey (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors Art
1952 Jane Kurtz (Oregon-born Children's Author) Jane Kurtz Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1806 William Simms (South Carolina-born Journalist, Novelist) South Carolina Authors Journalism
1863 Constantine Cavafy (Greek Poet Born in Egypt) C.P. Cavafy Greece Poetry
1870 Ray Stannard Baker (Michigan-born Journalist) Michigan Authors Journalism
1895 Isak Dinesen (Danish Author) Isak Dinesen
1897 Thornton Wilder (Wisconsin-born Playwright) Thornton Wilder Plays
1928 Cynthia Ozick (New York City-born Novelist, Essayist) New York City Authors Jewish Virtual Library Writer's Almanac
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1882 Artur Schnabel (Austrian Pianist, Composer, Educator) Austrian Composers Composers
1903 Nicolas Nabokov (Russian Composer) Russian Composers Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1863 Augustus Love (English Seismologist) English Mathematicians and Scientists Earthquakes St. Andrews University USGS
1880 Leonard Woolley (English Archaeologist Most Famous for His Excavation Work at Ur in Southern Iraq) English Mathematicians and Scientists Iraq Archaeology
1899 Vincent Wigglesworth (English Entomologist) English Mathematicians and Scientists Insects
1946 Georges J.F. Köhler (German-born 1984 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Georges J.F. Köhler Medical Research 1984 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1837 John Pierpont Morgan (Connecticut-born Financier; Founder of U. S. Steel) J.P. Morgan Business
Political and Social Leaders
1676 Frederick I (King of Sweden ) Sweden
1741 Samuel Chase (Maryland-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Maryland  Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1823 Mifflin W. Gibbs (Pennsylvania-born Jurist; First African American Appointed as a Municipal Judge) Pennsylvania  Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources African-American  Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1849 William R. Day (Ohio-born Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court) Ohio Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1859 Willis Van Devanter (Indiana-born Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court) Indiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1894 Nikita Khrushchev (Ukrainian-born Leader of the Soviet Union) Nikita Khrushchev Soviet Union The Cold War
1912 Jo Ann Gibson Robinson (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Georgia  Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American  Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Performing Artists
1890 Johnny St. Cyr (New Orleans-born African-American Jazz Banjo, Guitar Player) Johnny St. Cyr Jazz Famous African Americans
1918 William Holden (Illinois-born Actor) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
1919 Chavela Vargas (Costa Rican Vocalist) Chavela Vargas International Musicians
1923 Harry Reasoner (Iowa-born Broadcast Journalist) Iowa Journalism Television
1951 Olivia Hussey (English Actress) English Performing Aritsts Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1972 Jennifer Garner (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Aritsts Actors Film Biography.com
Sports Figures
1852 Cap Anson (Iowa-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Iowa Sports Figures National Baseball Hall of Fame
1961 Boomer Esiason (New York-born Professional Football Player: 1988 NFL Most Valuable Player) New York Sports Figures Football National Football League
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1529 Louis de Berquin (French Translator of Luther's Writings into French: Burned at the Stake for Heresy) France Martin Luther Capital Punishment Death Concordia
1790 Benjamin Franklin (Massachusetts-born American Statesman, Scientist, Journalist) Benjamin Franklin Journalism Inventors and Inventions U.S. History
1856 William Holden Willson (New Hampshire-born Doctor, Carpenter, Whaler, Politician Who Plotted and Named Salem, Oregon) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Salem, Oregon SalemOregon.com
1893 Lucy Larcom (Massachusetts-born Poet) Massachusetts Authors Poetry Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1990 Ralph Abernathy (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Ralph Abernathy U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
1996 Arnold Neustadter (New York City-born Inventor of the Rolodex) New York City Inventors and Scientists Inventors and Inventions Telephone Technology and Society
2000 George Morrison (Minnesota-born Abstract Painter, Sculptor) Minnesota Artists American Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1492 Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Commission Columbus to Seek a Westward Passage to Asia Queen Isabella Christopher Columbus North American Explorers Naval History Concordia
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1521 Martin Luther Is Cross-Examined at the Diet of Worms by Papal Nuncio Aleander Martin Luther Catholicism Religion Concordia
1524 Italian Explorer Giovanni da Verrazano, Sailing in the Service of France, Is the First European to Reach Present-Day New York Harbor France Giovanni da Verrazano New York City North American Explorers Naval History Historic Firsts New York Times
1529 Louis de Berquin, Translator of Luther's Writings into French, Is Burned at the Stake for Heresy France Martin Luther Capital Punishment Death Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1610 Henry Hudson Sails from England for His Fourth Voyage on Which He Will Discover Hudson's Bay Great Britain Canada Naval History History Channel
1640 Sweden's Reorus Torkillus Is the First Lutheran Pastor to Arrive in North America Swedish Political and Social Leaders Lutheranism Historic Firsts Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1783 British Launch Unsuccessful Raid in Arkansas on Spanish-held Fort Carlos Great Britain Spain Arkansas American Revolution Forts History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1802 Detroit Levies Its First City Tax of 25 Cents per Adult to Raise $150 Detroit, Michigan Government Taxes Historic Firsts Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning early I sent out the hunters, and set several additional hands about the packsaddles.

I find that the sturgeon is not taken by any of the natives above the Columbean vally. the inhabitants of the rapids at this time take a few of the white salmon trout and considerable quantities of a small indifferent mullet on which they principally subsist. I have seen none except dryed fish of the last season in the possession of the people above that place, they subsist on roots principally with some dryed and pounded fish. the salmon not having made their appearance proves a serious inconvenience to us.

but few of the natives visited my camp today and those only remained a few hours.

even at this place which is merely on the border of the plains of Columbia the climate seems to have changed the air feels dryer and more pure. the earth is dry and seems as if there had been no rain for a week or ten days. the plain is covered with a rich virdure of grass and herbs from four to nine inches high and exhibits a beautifull seen particularly pleasing after having been so long imprisoned in mountains and those almost impenetrably thick forrests of the seacoast.

Joseph Feilds brought me today three eggs of the party coloured corvus, they are about the size and shape of those
of the pigeon. they are bluish white much freckled with dark redish brown irregular spots, in short it is reather a mixture of those colours in which the redish brwn predominates, particularly towards the larger end.—

This evening Willard and Cruzatte returned from Capt. Clark and brought me a note in which Capt. C informed me that he had sill been unsuccessfull having not obtained a single horse as yet from the natives and the state of our stores are so low that I begin to fear we shall not be enabled to obtain as many horses at this place as will convey our baggage and unless we do obtain a sufficient number for that purpose we shall not hasten our progress as a part of
our baggage must still be conveyed by water.

Capt. C informed me that he should proceed as far as the Eneshur village today and would return tomorrow and join
me at the Skillute village to which place I mean to proceed with the party tomorrow.

I dispatched Shannon with a note to Capt. Clark in which I requested him to double the price we have heretofore
offered for horses and if possible obtain as many as five, by this means we shall be enabled to proceed immediately with our small canoes and those horses to the villages in the neighbourhood of the mussel shell rapid where horses
are more abundant and cheaper; with the remainder of our merchandize in addition to the canoes we can no doubt obtain as many horses there as will answer our purposes. delay in the villages at the narrows and falls will be
expensive to us inasmuch as we will be compelled to purchase both fuel and food of the indians, and might the better enable them to execute any hostile desighn should they meditate any against us.—

all the hunters returned in the evening. Sheilds had killed one deer which he brought with him. the packsaddles were completed this evening. I had some Elkskins put in the water today make harnes for the packhorses but shall not cut them untill I know the number we can obtain.—

there is a species of hiasinth in these plains the bulb of which the natives eat either boiled baked or dryed in the sun. this bulb is white, not entirely solid, and of a flat form; the bulb of the present year overlays, or crowns that of the last, and seems to be pressed close to it, the old bulb is withered much thiner equally wide with that of the present year
and sends fourth from it's sides a number of small radicles.— this hiasinth is of a pale blue colour and is a very pretty flower. I preserved a specemine of it.


Clark: I rose early and took a position near to the village and exposed the artiles I had for Sale Great numbers of Indians Came from different derections, Some from below Some above and others across the Countrey from the Tapteet river

— I obtained a Sketch of the Columbia as also Clarks river.

I made a bargin with the Chief who has more horses than all the village besides for 2 horses. Soon after he Canseled his bargin, and we again bargined for 3 horses, they were brought forward, and only one fit for Service, the others had Such intolerable backs as to render them entirely unfit for Service. as I would not take the 3 he would not Sell the
good one to me, and we were off the bargin.

I then packed up and was about Setting out for the Falls when one Indian Sold me 2 horses and one other one horse, and Some others Said they w[ished] to trade which caused me to conclude to delay here one other night.

Maney of the natives from above Come and Said they would trade, but asked a higher price than I thought I could give or reather more than this nation asked.— Great numbers of Men.— I hed to purchase 3 dogs for the men to eate & Some Shap-per-lell.

I Sent Crusat, Wiser, Willard and McNeal back to Capt. Lewis informing him of my ill Suck'sess, and adviseing him to proceed on to this place as Soon as possible, and my intention of proceededing on to the falls to purchase horses if possible

Several Indians arived late this evening. Capt. Lewis Sent me a note by Shannon informing me that he would Set early on tomorrow morning early &c. &c.

I sleped in house of the 2d Chief and they had not any thing except fish to eate and no wood for fire. those people
have a number of buffalow robes. They have great number of Skimming nets

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1822 William Pope Duval Is Commissioned as Florida's First Territorial Governor by President James Monroe Florida President James Monroe Historic Firsts Florida Historical Association
1833 The American Premiere of Mozart's Opera "The Magic Flute" Is Performed at the Park Theatre in New York City Wolfgang Mozart New York City Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1838 In South Africa, Thousands of Zulu Warriors Trap and Slaughter a British Expeditionary Force South Africa British Military Figures War Death South African History
1856 The Minnesota Pioneer Guard, the State's First Volunteer Military Company, Is Organized in St. Paul St. Paul, Minnesota U.S. Military Figures Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Virginia Secedes from the Union Virginia American Civil War West Virginia Archives University of Georgia Virginia Historical  Society
Confederate Army Imposes Martial Law in Pensacola, Florida and Isolates Fort Pickens Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Association
U.S.S. Powhatan Arrives with More Men and Supplies for Fort Pickens, Florida Florida American Civil War Forts Naval Military History Florida Historical Association
President Lincoln Meets with Group from Maryland Requesting Reinforcements for Fort McHenry Fort HcHenry President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Forts Lincoln Papers
In Indiana, the First Volunteers Arrive at Indianapolis's Camp Morton to Begin Military Training Indianapolis, Indiana American Civil War Forts Indiana Historical Society
1863 U.S.S. Wanderer Captures the Confederate Schooner Annie B Southwest of Florida's Egmont Key Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Association
1864 Confederates Capture Union Garrison at Plymouth, North Carolina North Carolina American Civil War History Channel
1865 Mary Surratt Is Arrested as Conspirator in Lincoln Assassination Assassination of Abraham Lincoln Surratt house Museum
1869 Northern Iowa Women's Suffrage Association Is Founded in Dubuque Dubuque, Iowa Women Dubuque, Iowa State Historical Society of Iowa
In Alaska, the U.S. Army Establishes Fort Kenay at the Old Russian Town of Fort St. Nicholas, Today Known as Kenai Kenai, Alaska Forts U.S. Army Alaska Historical Society
1871 State Legislature Approves the Organization of Texas A&M University Texas Education Education Texas A&M University Texas State Historical Association
1873 In Arkansas, Cleveland, Lee and Howard Counties Are Created Arkansas Cities and Counties Arkansas History Commission
1882 Life of Billy the Kid Arrives at the Library of Congress Library of Congress Literature Billy the Kid History Channel
1889 First Distant Earthquake Recording Is Made in Germany of an Earthquake in Japan German Mathematicians and Scientists Japan Earthquakes Historic Firsts USGS
1891 President Benjamin Harrison Visits Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas President Benjamin Harrison Arkansas History Commission
1895 Sino-Japanese War Ends with Treaty of Shimonoseki China Japan War Asian History
1899 Arkansas' Governor Signs an Act Approving Construction of a New State Capitol Arkansas Government Arkansas History Commission
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 African-American Baptist Minister W. L. Dickson Founds the Dickson Colored Orphanage in Gilmer, Texas Gilmer, Texas Child Adoption and Orphanages African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1905 Washington State Highway Board Meets for the First Time Washington State Government Automotives Historic Firsts History Link
1906 Italian Tenor Enrico Caruso Sings a Performance of Bizet's "Carmen" with the San Francisco Metropolitan Opera Enrico Caruso San Francisco Metropolitan Opera Opera American Public Media
1908 "Hail Hail the Gangs All Here" Is Copyrighted Popular Music Copyright USPTO
1909 Artemis to Actaeon and other Verse by Edith Wharton Is Published by Scribner's Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1911 Charles Kettering Patents Automobile Self-starting Mechanism Charles Kettering Automobile Patents History Channel
Town of Palm Beach, Florida Is Incorporated Palm Beach, Florida Palm Beach, Florida Florida Historical Association
1917 British Forces Fail in Second Attempt to Capture the Palestinian City of Gaza from the Ottoman Army Palestine Turkey Great Britain World War I History Channel
1918 Ernest Hemingway's Story "Navy Desk Jobs to Go" Appears in the Kansas City Star Ernest Hemingway American Authors Kansas City Star American Collection
1924 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) is Founded Film Businesses & Corporations History Channel
1930 Herberta Leonardy Is the First Florida Woman Admitted to Practice Before the U.S. Supreme Court Florida Women U.S. Supreme Court Historic Firsts Florida Historical Association
1937 Daffy Duck Debuts in Porky's Duck Hunt Daffy Duck Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database
1939 William O. Douglas Is Sworn in as Associate Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court William O. Douglas Franklin Roosevelt U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1941 Yugoslav Army Surrenders to Germany Yugoslavia Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1944 Fifteen-year-old Martin Luther King Jr. Deliver His Oration "The Negro and the Constitution" Martin Luther King, Jr. Stage and Theater African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1945 Americans Seize 1,100 tons of Uranium in Strassfut, Germany Nazi Germany Uranium Nuclear Weapons Cold War History Channel
1946 Syria Gains Its Independence as the Last French Troops Leave the Country Syria France CIA
1947 Jackie Robinson's First Major League Hit Is a Bunt Jackie Robinson Major League Baseball National Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 The British Submarine, Affray, Sinks: All 75 Crew Members Die British Military Figures Naval Military History Death BBC
1953 Mickey Mantle Hits the Longest Recorded Home Run in History (565 Feet) Oklahoma Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball National Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1954 The Federation of South African Women Is Founded South Africa Women South African History
1955 Fats Domino's Releases "Ain't That a Shame" Fats Domino Popular Music Famous African Americans
1958 The National Party Wins a Third Successive South African General Election South Africa Elections South African History
1960 American Samoa's New Flag Is Dedicated American Samoa Government of American Samoa
1961 U.S. Bay of Pigs Invasion Fails to Overthrow Castro Cuba John F. Kennedy The Cold War History Channel New York Times BBC
Ground Is Broken for Construction of the Seattle Space Needle Seattle, Washington Space Needle History Link
1964 Ford Introduces the Mustang Ford Motor Company Mustang History Channel
Columbus, Ohio's Geraldine Fredritz "Jerrie" Mock Is the First Woman to Fly Solo Around the World Columbus, Ohio Aviation American Women Explorers Historic Firsts New York Times Ohio Historical Society
1965 In St Paul, Minnesota, the Mississippi River Crests Nearly 10' Above Flood Stage Creating $88M in Damages Across the State St. Paul, Minnesota Mississippi River Flooding Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1967 U.S. Launches Surveyor 3 for Soft Lunar Landing Space Exploration The Moon NASA
1969 Alexander Dubcek Is Deposed as Czechoslovakia's Leader Czech Republic Slovakia History Channel
Sirhan Sirhan Is Convicted of the 1968 Murder of Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California Robert F. Kennedy Law and Legal Resources Learn California
21-year-old Bernadette Devlin Is Elected as the Youngest Woman to Serve in the British Parliament Great Britain British Government Women Elections BBC
The Legal Voting Age in Great Britain Is Lowered from 21 to 18 British Government Law and Legal Resources Voting Rights Historic UK
Boeing Wins the Design Contract for the AWACS Airborne Surveillance Command Plane Washington Business Aviation Military History Boeing History Link
1970 Apollo 13 Returns Safely to Earth NASA Apollo 13 History Channel
Johnny Cash Sings "Boy Named Sue" for President Nixon at the White House Johnny Cash Richard Nixon The White House Country and Western Musicians SONY
1972 Women Are Officially Included in the Boston Marathon for the First Time Boston, Massachusetts Distance Running Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1975 Pol Pot & Khmer Rouge Take Control of Cambodia Cambodia History Channel
1976 Helios 2 Satellite Approaches within 28M Miles of the Sun Space Exploration The Sun NASA
1980 Formal Ceremony Makes Rhodesia Independent from Great Britain: Name Changed to Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Great Britain TV news Archive African American Registry
1982 The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Is Placed into Effect Canada Great Britain Historic World Documents Canadian Government
1983 Warsaw Police Rout Solidarity Supporters Commemorating 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Poland Labor Human Rights/Civil Rights TV News Archive
India SLV-3 Rocket Places Experimental Research Satellite into Orbit India Space Exploration Bar Ilan University
1984 10 Are Wounded and a Policewoman Is Killed by Gunshots Fired from the Libyan Embassy in London Libya Great Britain Terrorism Death BBC
1986 British Journalist Kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon and Held Hostage for Five Years Beirut, Lebanon British Authors & Illustrators Terrorism BBC
1987 The Knobbed Whelk Is Adopted as Georgia's Official State Seashell Georgia's Official Seashell University of Georgia University of Georgia
1991 Dow Industrial Average Closes Above 3,000 for the First Time Markets & Investments Historic Firsts New York Times
U.S. Railroad Workers Go Out on a One-Day Strike Railroads Labor Strikes U.S. Congressional Record
1998 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-90) Neurolab with 2000 Animals Aboard Space Shuttle Animals NASA
1999 Bomb Blast Injures 45 in London Great Britain Terrorism BBC