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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
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5-Minute Quests

1. In what year was London Bridge sold on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What U.S. city was leveled by an earthquake on this date in 1906? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the University of Michigan, when he made his famous ride to Lexington on this date in 1775, who were the two men Paul Revere wanted to warn? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book illustrated by Barbara Reid (according to Writers Union):

1. What country gained its independence from the United Kingdom on this day in 1980? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What is the common name of the wild vegetable that Meriwether Lewis noted in his journal entry for this date in 1805? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Indiana Historical Society, on what island was Ernie Pyle killed on this date in 1945? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an artist who recorded on the Peacock label along with Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (according to Alligator Records):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, on January 7, 1955, Marian Anderson became the first African-American to perform with which opera company?

2. According to the University of Missouri at Kansas City, how long was Clarence Darrow's plea on behalf of Leopold and Loeb?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what services was Albert Einstein awarded his 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book for which CliffsNotes provides literature notes (hint: the title starts with the letter A):

Clarence Darrow
Born on This Date 1857

[University of Missouri
Kansas City]


George Herbert Hitchings
Born on This Date 1905

[Nobel Foundation]
Medical Research1988 Nobel Faureate for Physiology or Medicine

Clifton Keith Hillegass
Born on This Date 1918

Publisher of Cliff Notes

Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown
Born on This Date 1924

[Official Website]
Jazz Performer

Barbara Reid
Born on This Date 1957

Primary Children's Author
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Zimbabwe: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain: 04/18/1980)
Zimbabwe Great Britain U.S. Department of State
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1907 Evelyn Sibley Lampman (Oregon-born Children's Author of Historical Fiction) Oregon Authors Primary Children's Authors Native American Studies
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1580 Thomas Middleton (English Author) English Writers
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1729 Gaetano Vestris (French Ballet Dancer) French Performing Artists Ballet
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The Notorious
1480 Lucretia Borgia (Italian Renaissance Noblewoman of the Borgia Family) Notorious Italians The Renaissance Catholicism
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1881 Noble Johnson (Missouri-born African-American Movie Actor, Producer) Missouri Performing Artists Film African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
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1906 Eurreal "Lil Brother" Montgomery (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Pianist and Vocalist ) Louisiana Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1921 Barbara Hale (Illinois-born Actress) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1924 Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Musician) Clarence Gatemouth Brown Jazz Musician Famous African Americans
1946 Hayley Mills (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film
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1945 Ernie Pyle (Indiana-born Journalist, War Correspondent Killed in Combat) Ernie Pyle Journalism World War II
1955 Albert Einstein (German-American Physicist: Cited by TIME Magazine as the Most Important Person of the 20th Century) Albert Einstein Physics Space and Cosmology 1921 Nobel Laureate in Physics
2002 Thor Heyerdahl (Norwegian Adventurer) Thor Heyerdahl
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1521 Martin Luther, Defies the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at Worms, Refusing to Recant His Writings Martin Luther Catholic Religion History Channel
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1775 Paul Revere Rides Warning Patriots "the British are coming" Paul Revere The American Revolution The History Channel Writer's Almanac
1780 In Virginia, Richmond Replaces Williamsburg as the State Capital Virginia Virginia Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: A fine morning, set out at an early hour. one Beaver caught this morning by two traps, having a foot in each;
the traps belonged to different individuals, between whom, a contest ensued, which would have terminated, most probably, in a serious rencounter had not our timely arrival at the place prevented it.

after breakfast this morning, Capt. Clark walked on Stad. shore, while the party were assending by means of their toe lines, I walked with them on the bank; found a species of pea bearing a yellow flower, and now in blume; it seldom rises more than 6 inches high, the leaf & stalk resembles that of the common gardin pea, the root is pirenial. [Thermopsis rhombifolia Nutt., golden pea]

I also saw several parsels of buffaloe's hair hanging on the rose bushes, [Rosa woodsii Lindl., western wild rose]
which had been bleached by exposure to the weather and became perfectly white. it every appearance of the wool of the sheep, tho' much finer and more silkey and soft. I am confident that an excellent cloth may be made of the wool
of the Buffaloe. the Buffaloe I killed yesterday had cast his long hare, and the pile which remained was very thick,
fine, and about 2 inches in length. I think this anamal would have furnished about five pounds of wool.

we were detained today from one to five P. M. in consequence of the wind which blew so violently from N. that it was with difficulty we could keep the canoes from filling with water altho' they were along shore; I had them secured by placing the perogues on the out side of them in such manner as to break the waves off them. at 5 we proceed, and shortly after met with Capt. Clark, who had killed an Elk and a deer and was wating our arrival. we took the meat on board and continued our march untill nearly dark when we came too on the Stard side under a boald welltimbered
bank which sheltered us from the wind which had abated but not yet ceased. here we encamped, it being the
extremity of the last course of this day.—

Clark: after brackfast I assended a hill and observed that the river made a great bend to the South, I concluded to walk thro' the point about 2 miles and take Shabono, with me, he had taken a dost of Salts &c. his Squar followed on with his child,

when I Struck the next bend of the river could See nothing of the Party, left this man & his wife & Child on the river bank and went out to hunt, Killed a young Buck Elk, & a deer, the Elk was tolerable meat, the deer verry pore, Butcherd the meat and Continued untill near Sunset before Capt Lewis and the party Came up, they were detained by the wind, which rose Soon after I left the boat from the N W. & blew verry hard untill verry late in the evening.

we Camped on the S. S. in an excellent harbor, Soon after We came too, two men went up the river to Set their
beaver traps they met with a bear and being without their arms thought prodent to return &c. the whild Cheries are in bloom, [Prunus americana Marsh., wild plum ] Great appearance of Burnt hills Pumice Stone &c. the Coal & Salt appearance Continued, the water in the Small runs much better than below,— Saw Several old Indian Camps, the game, Such as Buffalow Elk, antelopes & deer verry plenty

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Williams County, North Dakota
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Late last evening we were visited by the principal cheif of Chilluckkittaquaws and 12 of his nation they
remained with us untill 9 OC. when they all departed except the Cheif and two others who slept at my feet.

we loaded our vessels and set out after an early breakfast this morning. we gave the indians a passage to the N.
shore on which they reside and pursued our rout to the foot of the first rapid at the distance of 4 ms. here we found it necessary to unload the perogues and canoes and make a portage of 70 paces over a rock; we then drew our vessels up by a cord and the assistance of setingpoles. from hence we proceeded to the bason below the long narrows 5 ms. further and landed on the Lard. side at ½ after 3.

the Cheif when he left me this morning promised to bring some horses to barter with me at the bason.—

the long narrows are much more formidable than they were when we decended them last fall there would be no possibility of passind either up or down them in any vessel.—

after unloading the canoes and arranging the camp I walked up to the Skillute Village and jouined Capt. he had procured four horses only for which a high price had been given, at least more than double that which we had formerly given for those which we purchased from the Shoshonees and the first band of Flatheads. they have a great abundance of horses but will not dispose of them.

we determined to make the portage to the head of the long narrows with our baggage and five small canoes. the 2 perogues we could take no further and therefore cut them up for fuel.

in the evening Capt. C and myself returned to the camp at the bason and left Drewyer and three others with the merchandize at the village, three parsels of which had been laid by at the request of individuals who promised to give us horses for them in the morning.—

I shot my airgun in the presents of the natives at the village which excited great astonishment.—

Clark: Early this Morning I was awoke by an indian man of the Chopunnish Nation who informed me that he lived in
the neighbourhood of our horses. this man delivered me a bag of powder and ball which he had picked up this
morning at the place the goods were exposed yesterday—.

I had a fire made of Some poles purchased of the nativs at a Short distance from the houses and the articles
exposed as yesterday.

Collected the 4 horses purchased yesterday and Sent Frazier and Shabono with them to the bason where I expected they would meet Cap L—s and Commence the portage of the baggage on those horses.

about 10 A. M. the Indians Came down from the Eneesher Villages and I expected would take the articles which they had laid by yesterday. but to my estonishment not one would make the exchange to day—. two other parcels of good were laid by and the horses promised at 2 P. M. I payed but little attention to this bargain however Suffered the bundles to lye.

I dressed the Sores of the principal Chief gave Some Small things to his children and promised the Chief Some Medicine for to Cure his Sores. his wife who I found to be Sulky and was Somewhat efflicted with pains in her back. this I thought a good oppertunity to get her on my Side giveing here Something for her back. I rubed a little Camphere on her temples and back, and applyed worm flannel to her back which She thought had nearly restored her to her former feelings. this I thought a favourable time to trade with the Chief who had more horses than all the nation besides. I accordingly made him an offer which he excepted and Sold me two horses.

Great numbers of Indians from defferent derections visited me at this place to day, none of them appeared willing to part with their horses, but told me that Several were Comeing from the plains this evening.

among other Nations who visit this place for the purpose of trade is the Skad-datt's. those people bantered the Skillutes to play at a Singular kind of game. in the Course of the day the Skillutes won all their beeds Skins arrows
&c. This game was Composed of 9 men on a Side. they Set down opposit to each other at the distance of about 10 feet. in front of each party a long pole was placed on which they Struck with a Small Stick to the time of their Songs. after the bets were made up which was nearly half an hour after they Set down, two round bones was producd about
the Size of a mans little finger or Something Smaller and 2¼ inches in length. which they held in their hand
Changeing it from one hand to the other with great dexterity. 2 men on each Side performed this part, and when they had the bone in the hand they wished, they looked at their advosarys Swinging arms around their Sholders for their advosary Guess which they pirformed by the motion the hand either to the right or left. if the opposit party guessed the hand of both of the men who had the bone, the bones were given to them. if neither the bones was retained and nothing Counted. if they guessed one and not the other, one bone was dilivered up and the party possessing the other bone Counted one. and one for every time the advosary miss guessed untill they guessed the hand in which the bone was in—in this
game each party has 5 Sticks. and one Side wins all the Sticks, once twice or thrice as the game may be Set.

I observed another game which those people also play and is played by 2 persons with 4 Sticks about the Size of a mans finger and about 7 inches in length. two of those Sticks are black and the other 2 White and Something larger than the black ones. those Sticks they place in defferent positions which they perform under a kind of trencher made of bark round and about 14 inches diamieter. this is a very intricate game and I cannot Sufficiently understand to discribe it. the man who is in possession of the Sticks &c places them in defferent positions, and the opposit party tels the position of the black Sticks by a motion of either or both of his hands &c. this game is Counted in the Same way as the one before mentioned. all their games are accompanied with Songs and time.

at 3 P. M Sergt. Ordway & three men arived from Cap Lewis they brought with them Several Elk Skins, two of my Coats and 4 robes of the party to add to the Stores I had with me for the purchase of horses. Sgt. O. informed me
that Cap L. had arived with all the Canoes into the bason 2 miles below and wished Some dogs to eate. I had 3 dogs purchased and Sent down.

at 5 P. M. Capt. Lewis Came up. he informed me that he had the river to the bason with much difecuelty and danger, haveing made one portage.

as I had not Slept but very little for the two nights past on account of mice & virmen with which those indian houses abounded, and haveing no blanket with me, and the means of keeping a fire Sufficent to keep me worm out was too Expensive I deturmined to poceed with Capt L down to Camp at the bason. I left the Articles of Merchendize &c. with Drewyer, Werner, Shannon & Goodrich untill the morning—.

at the bason we Cut up two of our Canoes for fire wood verry much to the chagrin of the nativs not with standing they would give us nothing for them.

In my absence Several Inds. visited Capt. Lewis at his camp among others was the great Cheif of the Chilluckitquaw who Continued with him untill he left Rock fort Camp.

Capt L. had 12 pack Saddles Completed and Strings prepared of the Elk skins for Lashing the loads he also kept out all the hunters who killed just deer enough for the party with him to Subsist on.

The Cheif who had Visited Capt Lewis promised him that he would bring Some horses to the bason and trade with
him. but he was not as good as his word. Capt Lewis gave a large Kittle for a horse which was offered to him at the bason this evening.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806 U.S. Non-Importation Act Blocks Importation of Certain British Goods U.S. Congress Great Britain International Trade The History Channel
1818 Land Encompassing Current Day Wisconsin Is Made Part of the Michigan Territory Wisconsin Michigan Westward Expansion Wisconsin Historical Society
1820 Soldiers at Fort St. Anthony View Minnesota's First Officially Recorded Tornado, Which Damages the Barracks Roof Minnesota Forts Tornado Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1835 New England Magazine Publishes "Young Goodman Brown," by Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors Journalism American Collection
1842 Graham's Magazine Publishes Edgar Allen Poe's "The Oval Portrait" Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Edgar Allen Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
Juan Seguín Resigns as Mayor of San Antonio Juan Seguín San Antonio, Texas Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1843 The Dial Publishes Ralph Waldo Emerson's Short Poem, "Smoke." Ralph Waldo Emerson American Authors Poetry American Collection
1846 Abraham Lincoln Shares a Poem He Has Written About His Boyhood Home, Spencer County, Indiana Spencer County, Indiana Abraham Lincoln Poetry Lincoln Papers
1861 Baltimore Mobs Assault Union Troops Arriving with African-American Soldiers Baltimore, Maryland American Civil War African-American History Baltimore City Paper
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1864 Confederates Easily Defeat a Union Foraging Expedition at Poison Springs, Arkansas Arkansas Battle of Poison Springs Arkansas Memory Project History Channel
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Union Troops Destroy a Salt Works Near Cape San Blas in Florida's St. Joseph Bay Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Meets with Chippewa Indian Chiefs and Provides Them a Tour of the White House The White House President Lincoln Chippewa Indians Lincoln Papers
1865 Union General Sherman and Confederate General Joseph Johnston Sign an Armistice in North Carolina North Carolina American Civil War Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1874 Remains of Scottish Missionary/Explorer David Livingstone Are interred in Westminster Abbey Scottish Explorers Africa Religion Westminister Abbey Concordia
1880 Tornadoes Kill 151 People in Missouri, 99 in the Town of Marshfield Marshfield, Missouri Tornadoes Death History Channel
1888 In Minneapolis, Minnesota, 260 Female Employees Walk Out of the Clothing Factory of Shotwell, Clerihew & Lothman Demanding Higher Pay Minneapolis, Minnesota Women Labor Strike Minnesota Historical Society
1894 Mark Twain's Company, Charles L. Webster & Co., Declares Bankruptcy Missouri Authors & Illustrators Mark Twain American Authors Business American Collection
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1906 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Levels San Francisco: 3,000+ Die 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Earthquake Death The History Channel Writer's Almanac USGS
1913 John F. A. Strong, Owner of the Alaska Daily Empire, a Juneau Newspaper, Is Appointed Governor of Alaska Alaskan Political and Social Leaders Journalism Alaska Historical Society
1915 Germans Shoot Down French Pilot Roland Garros France Germany Aviation Military History World War I History Channel
1916 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Fox Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
1922 Poland Incorporates Vilna from Lithuania Poland Lithuania European History Indiana University
Jack Johnson, the First African-American World Heavyweight Boxing Champion, Patents a Wrench Texas Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists and Inventors Technology and Society African-American Registry
1923 Yankee Stadium Opens in New York City; Babe Ruth Hits a Home Run to Defeat the Boston Red Sox 4-1 New York City Baseball New York Yankees New York Times Writer's Almanac
1925 San Francisco's Chinese Hospital Is Founded San Francisco Health Care Chinese Hospital New York Times Writer's Almanac
1929 Small Talk, the First "Our Gang" Picture with Sound, Debuts Hal Roach Film Sound The History Channel
1932 William Faulkner Is Hired to Write Scripts for MGM William Faulkner Film The History Channel
1934 The Washateria, the First Public Laundromat, Opens in Fort Worth, Texas Texas Business Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1942 Jimmy Doolittle Leads U.S. Bomber Attack of Tokyo Japan Jimmy Doolittle World War II The History Channel
General Electric Tests the First Jet Engine Built in the United States Aviation Military History Historic Firsts General Electric Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
U.S. Military Newspaper, Stars & Stripes, Resumes Publication Journalism World War II Stars and Stripes
1945 Journalist Ernie Pyle Killed by Japanese Machine Gun Fire Japan Ernie Pyle Journalism World War II Death
1946 The Final Assembly of the League of Nations Closes The League of Nations Indiana University
1947 Jackie Robinson Hits His First Major League Home Run Off New York Giants' Dave Koslo Jackie Robinson Major League Baseball Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1949 The Republic of Ireland Is Created Ireland Great Britain European History Dublin Public Libraries (pdf) New York Times
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1955 The Northern Iowa Woman Suffrage Association Is Founded in Dubuque Dubuque, Iowa Women Women's Suffrage State Historical Society of Iowa
1958 Court Releases Ezra Pound from Hospital for Criminally Insane Ezra Pound Poetry The History Channel
1960 Thousands Protest Nuclear Weapons in London's Trafalgar Square London, England Nuclear Weapons BBC
1961 JFK Denies U.S. Military Intervention in Cuba Cuba Bay of Pigs Invasion Cold War History Channel
1965 Marian Anderson Ends Career with Easter Sunday Recital at Carnegie Hall Marian Anderson Opera Famous African Americans PBS
1966 Bill Russell Named as the First African-American Coach in the NBA Bill Russell Basketball Hallf of Fame African American Sports Figures Historic Firsts African-American Registry
1968 London Bridge Is Sold to Americans for Reconstruction in Arizona English History Arizona Bridges London Bridge Resort and Convention Center
1970 The Musical Hair Is First Performed in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Plays Popular Music History Link
1974 Italian Prosecutor Mario Sossi Kidnapped by Red Brigade Italy Terrorism The History Channel
1975 State of Georgia Declares the Honeybee to Be Its Official Insect Georgia's Official Insect Honeybee University of Georgia
1976 In New York City, A Chorus Line Sweeps the Tony Awards for Best Musical and 7 More Categories New York City Stage & Theater American Musicals Tony Awards Theatre History
1978 U.S. Senate Approves Transfer of Panamá Canal to Panamá Panamá Canal U.S. Congress Naval History BBC
1979 Arrival of M.V. LIULINHAI in Seattle, Washington Ends 30-Year U.S. Embargo on Chinese Goods Chinese Business Seattle, Washington Naval History International Trade History Link
1980 Zimbabwe Gains Independence from Great Britain Zimbabwe Great Britain South African History
1982 To Rid Itself of British Influence, Zimbabwe Renames Its Capital City from Salisbury to Harare Zimbabwe South African History
1983 Car Bomb Demolishes the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon, Killing 63 People (17 Americans) Lebanon Terrorism Death U.S. Embassy Beirut History Channel
Alice Walker Is Awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel The Color Purple Alice Walker American Authors African-American Authors 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Color Purple University of Georgia
1985 5.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 23, Injures 300 in China's Yunnan Province China Earthquake Death USGS
1988 Retired U.S. Auto Worker and Death Camp Guard Found Guilty of Nazi War Crimes Nazi Germany World War II War Crimes BBC
1989 Thousands of Students Protest Chinese Government Policies China Human Rights The History Channel
1993 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 6 in Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS
1994 Beauty and the Beast Premieres at the Palace Theatre, New York New York City Stage & Theater American Musicals Internet Broadway Database Theatre History
1996 Islamic Terrorists Murder Greek Tourists in Egypt, Mistaking Them for Israelis Egypt Greece Israel Islam Terrorism Death BBC
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2008 5.2 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on West Salem, Illinois West Salem, Illinois Earthquakes USGS