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APRIL 19

Union Jack Union Jack
 
 

Great Britain
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In which two Massachusetts towns did the American Revolutionary War begin on this date in 1775? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Mswati III is the king of what country? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Brooklyn Expedition, what was the title of Javaka Steptoe's first book? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:
LETHAL JANE MAE
INTERMEDIATE

1. In what year did Charles Darwin die on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the BBC, in what year did Mswati III become King? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Park Service, how many years was Arlington House home for Robert E. Lee? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an Alfred Hitchcock film (according to the Museum of Modern Art filmography):
CE BAR CE
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Woodrow Wilson Leadership Program in Chemistry, in which district of Los Angeles did Glenn T. Seaborg attend high school?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, what great traditions did José Echegaray y Eizaguirre revive with his compositions?

3. According to the History Channel, how many people were killed in the mob violence that occurred in Baltimore on this date in 1861?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a poet with whom Etheridge Knight contributed to the Black Arts Movement (according to the Academy of American Poets ):
I MARK ARABIA
 
 

Robert E. Lee
Born on This Date 1807

[National Park Service]

American Military Leaders


José Echegaray Eizaguirre
Born on This Date 1832

[Universidad Complutense de Madrid]

Authors 1904 Nobel Laureate for Literature

Jean Lee Latham
Jean Lee Latham
Born on This Date 1902


Young-adult Authors 1956 Newbery Medal Winner for Carry on Mr. Bowditch


Glenn T. Seaborg
Born on This Date 1912

[Nobel Foundation]

Atomic Physicist 1951 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry


King Mswati III of Swaziland
Born on This Date 1968

[Official Swaziland Website]

King of Swaziland

 
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Great Britain: Primrose Day
(Observed in honor of Benjamin Disraeli, who died April 19, 1881)
Great Britain Botany Suite 101
Swaziland: King's Birthday
(Commemorates the birth date of King Mswati III: April 19, 1968)
King Mswati U.S. Department of State
Uruguay: Desembarco de los 33 Orientales - Patriots Day
(Commemorates the revolution of 33 patriots: 04/19/1825)
Uruguay Library of Congress
Venezuela: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Spain April 19, 1810)
Venezuela Spain Venezuela Embassy, Washington
Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1902 Jean Lee Latham (West Virginia-born Children's Author Awarded the 1956 Newbery Medal for Carry on Mr. Bowditch Jean Lee Latham Young-adult Author 1956 Newbery Medal Winner for Carry on Mr. Bowditch
1959 Jon Agee (New York-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author American Artists
1971 Javaka Steptoe (New York City-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Javaka Steptoe Primary Children's Author American Artists African-American Authors & Illustrators
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1666 Sarah Kemble Knight (Massachusetts-born Diarist) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1832 José Echegaray Eizaguirre (Spanish Dramatist: 1904 Nobel Laureate for Literature) José Echegaray Eizaguirre 1904 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1900 Richard Arthur Warren Hughes (Welsh Playwright, Short Story Writer, Novelist) Welsh Authors & Illustrators Authors' Calendar Writer's Almanac
1905 Thomas Hopkinson (English Editor, Pioneering Photojournalist) English Authors & Illustrators Journalism Photography
1931 Etheridge Knight (Mississippi-born African-American Poet) Etheridge Knight Poetry African-American Authors & Illustrators
1936 Sharon Pollock (Canadian Playwright) Canadian Authors & Illustrators Plays Athabasca University Writer's Almanac
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1772 David Ricardo (English Economist) English Scientists and Mathematicians Economists
1877 Ole Evinrude (Norwegian-American Inventor) Norwegian Scientists & Inventors Inventors and Inventions Boats Evinrude Wisconsin Historical Society
1883 Richard von Mises (Austrian-American Mathematician and Aerodynamicist) Austrian Scientists & Inventors Statistics and Probability
1912 Glenn T. Seaborg (Michigan-born 1951 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Glenn T. Seaborg Americium Curium Californium 1951 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1916 Mary Lancaster Carnegie (Maryland-born African-American International Leader in the Nursing Profession) Maryland Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine American Women in Math and Science African-Americans in Matheamtics and Science African American Registry
1918 Clifford Berry (Iowa-born co-Inventor of the First Electronic Computer) Iowa Scientists & Mathematicians History of Computer Technology Iowa State University
Military Leaders
1807 Robert E. Lee (Virginia-born Commander of the Confederate Army) Robert E. Lee American Civil War
Political and Social Leaders
1721 Roger Sherman (Massachusetts-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence
1832 Lucretia Garfield (Ohio-born Wife of U.S. President James Garfield) Ohio Political and Social Leaders President James Garfield
1857 Napoleon Bonaparte Broward (19th Governor of Florida: 1905-1909) Florida Political and Social Leaders Politics
1883 Getulio Vargas (Brazilian Dictator) Brazilian Political and Social Leaders The New York Times
1903 Eliot Ness (Chicago-born FBI Agent) Chicago Political and Social Leaders The FBI
1914 Cora Brown (Alabama-born First African-American Woman Elected to a State Senate: Michigan) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders Female American Political Leaders African-American Political Leaders African American Registry
1920 Arnita Young Boswell (Detroit-born African-American Educator, Social Leader) Detroit Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Female American Political Leaders African-American Political Leaders African American Registry
1931 Hendrik Jacobus Coetsee (South African Statesman, Political Leader) South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1968 King Mswati III of Swaziland King Mswati
Performing Artists
1933 Jayne Mansfield (Pennsylvania-born Actress) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography.com
1935 Dudley Moore (English Actor ) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography.com
1937 Elinor Donahue (Washington-born Actress) Washington Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1968 Ashley Judd (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography.com
1979 Kate Hudson (California-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography.com
Sports Figures
1962 Al Unser, Jr. (New Mexico-born Race Driver) New Mexico Sports Figures Auto Racing
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1012 Alphege, the Archbishop of Canterbury (Martyred by the Danes in Greenwich, England) Greenwich, England Denmark Religion Death Greenwich Guide
1054 Pope Leo IX (Born in France, the First Pope in Medieval Times to Actively Seek an End to the Marriage of Priests) French Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Concordia
1390 Robert II (Robert Stuart), King of Scotland Scottish Political and Social Leaders Undiscovered Scotland
1689 Queen Christina, of Sweden Swedish Political and Social Leaders Chambers' Book of Days
1824 Lord George Gordon Byron (English Poet) George Gordon Byron Authors
1862 Louis Harvey Drowns (Governor of Wisconsin; Drowned in the Tennessee River While Leading an Expedition to Relieve the State's Troops After the Battle of Shiloh) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Battle of Shiloh Wisconsin Historical Society
1881 Benjamin Disraeli (Prime Minister of England) Benjamin Disraeli
1882 Charles Darwin (English Scientist Who Popularized the Theory of Evolution) Charles Darwin Evolution
1896 Arthur Ingram Boreman (Pennsylvania-born, First Governor of West Virginia) Pennsylvania Poltical and Social Leaders West Virginia Poltical and Social Leaders Politics West Virginia Archives
1967 Konrad Adenauer (German Chancellor) German Political & Social Leaders
1980 Alfred Hitchcock (English Filmmaker) Alfred Hitchcock Filmmakers
1989 Daphne duMaurier (English Author) English Authors
1993 George S. Mickelson (Governor of South Dakota: Plane Crash in Iowa) South Dakota Political and Social Leaders Iowa Air Disasters The New York Times
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events from 0-999 AD that Occurred on this Date
529 Justinian I Is Crowned Roman Emperor in Constantinople's Santa Sophia Cathedral Turkish Political and Social Leaders Concordia
Historic Events Occurred from 1000 - 1199 on this Date
1012 Alphege, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Is Martyred by the Danes in Greenwich, England Greenwich, England Denmark Religion Death Greenwich Guide
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1698 Spanish Monarchy Authorizes a Fort in Pensacola, Florida to Protect the Area from the French Spanish Government Florida Religion Florida Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1775 The Revolutionary War Begins in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts Massachusetts Historic Firsts Battles of Lexington & Concord
1782 The Netherlands Recognizes the United States As a Sovereign Nation The Netherlands Reagan Library
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Letter from Sargeant John Ordway to his parents: Dear Parents: I am writing to you again to let you know where I am and where I am going. I am well thank God and in high spirits. I am under the command of Captain Lewis and Captain Clark who have been appointed by the presidnet to explore the western part of North America. We are planning to ascend the Missouri River with boat as far as possible. From then on, we will travel by foot until we hopefully reach the western ocean. Our party consists of 25 men from the army and country. I have been chosen as one of the men from the army. If I successfully return from this journey, I will be granted discharge from the army, my choice. We expect to be gone either 18 months of two years. In honor of our hard work, we receive 15 dollars a month and at least 400 acres of first class land. If we make great discoveries along our journey, the U'States has promised us great rewards.
Missouri Weather Camp DuBois University of Nebraska, Lincoln
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The wind blew So hard this morning from N. W. that we dared not to venture our canoes on the river.— Observed considerable quantities of dwarf Juniper on the hill sides it seldom rises higher then 3 feet.—

the wind detained us through the couse of this day, tho' we were fortunate in having placed ourselves in a safe harbour.

the party killed one Elk and a beaver today. The beaver of this part of the Missouri are larger, fatter, more abundant and better clad with fur than those of any other part of the country that I have yet seen; I have remarked also that
their fur is much darker.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 Williams County, North Dakota
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska, Lincoln

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning early we had our small canoes drawn out, and employed all hands in transporting our baggage on their backs and by means of the four pack horses, over the portage. This labour we had accomplished by 3 P. M. and established our camp a little above the present Skil-lute village which has been removed a few hundred yards lower down the river than when we passed them last fall and like others below have the floors of their summer dwellings on the surface of the earth instead of those cellars in which they resided when we passed them.

there was great joy with the natives last night in consequence of the arrival of the salmon; one of those fish was
caught; this was the harbinger of good news to them. they informed us that these fish would arrive in great quantities in the course of about 5 days. this fish was dressed and being divided into small peices was given to each child in the village. this custom is founded in a supersticious opinion that it will hasten the arrival of the salmon.

with much difficulty we obtained four other horses from the Indians today, we wer obliged to dispence with two of our kettles in order to acquire those. we have now only one small kettle to a mess of 8 men. in the evening Capt. Clark set out with four men to the Enesher village at the grand falls in order to make a further attempt to procure horses.

these people are very faithless in their contracts. they frequently receive the merchandize in exchange for their horses and after some hours insist on some additional article being given them or revoke the exchange. they have pilfered several small articles from us this evening.—

I directed the horses to be hubbled & suffered to graize at a little distance from our camp under the immediate eye of the men who had them in charge. one of the men Willard was negligent in his attention to his horse and suffered it to ramble off; it was not to be found when I ordered the others to be brought up and confined to the picquits. this in addition to the other difficulties under which I laboured was truly provoking. I repremanded him more severaly for this peice of negligence than had been usual with me.

I had the remaining horses well secured by picquits; they were extreemly wrestless and it required the attention of the whole guard through the night to retain them notwithstanding they were hubbled and picquted. they frequently throwed themselves by the ropes by which they were confined. all except one were stone horses for the people in this neighbourhood do not understand the art of gelding them, and this is a season at which they are most vicious.

many of the natives remained about our camp all night.


Clark: I left Capt L. at the bason and proceeded to the village early this morning with a view to recive the horses which were promised to be brought this morning for articles laid by last evining. in the Course of this day I purchased four horses at the Village, and Capt Lewis one at the bason before he left it.

after the baggage was all Safely landed above the portage, all hands brought over the Canoes at 2 lodes which was accomplished by 5 P. M. as we had not a Sufficiency of horses to transport our baggage we agreed that I should proceed on to the Enesher villages at the great falls of the Columbia and if possible purchase as maney horses as would transport the baggage from that place, and rid us of the trouble and dificuelty of takeing our Canoes further.

I set out with Serjt Pryor, Geo Shannon Peter Crusat & Labiech at half past 5 P. M. for the Enesher Village at which place I arrived at 8 P. M.

Several Showers of rain in the after part of to day, and the S W wind very high.

I entered the largest house of the Eneeshers village in which I found all the enhabitents in bead. they rose and made a light of Straw, they haveing no wood to burn. many men Collected. we Smoked and I informed them that I had come to purchase a fiew horses of them. they promused to Sell me Some in the morning.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska, Lincoln
1809 Former President Thomas Jefferson Sells an Indentured Servant to New President James Madison Thomas Jefferson James Madison Business The History Channel
1810 Caracas Venezuela City Council Establishes Home Rule Independent from Spain Venezuela Spain Country Studies
1816 President Madison Signs Enabling Act Allowing Indiana Territory to Hold a Constitutional Convention for Statehood Indiana Government President James Madison Indiana State Library
1819 The Residents of Zoar, Ohio Agree to Form a Commune Known as the Society of Separatists of Zoar Zoar, Ohio Community Ohio Historical Society
1825 33 Patriot Exiles Return to Liberate Uruguay Uruguay University of Dayton
1836 Arkansas' First Whig State Convention Nominates Absalom Fowler for Governor Arkansas Politics Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1839 Treaty of London Establishes Belgium's Sovereignty Great Britain Belgium
1852 The Wisconsin State Legislature Passes a Bill for the Establishment and Maintenance of a School for Deaf Children in Walworth County Walworth County, Wisconsin Education Deafness Wisconsin School for the Deaf Wisconsin Historical Society
1855 Merced County, California Is Formed Merced County, California Merced County, California Learn California
1856 Fresno County, California Is Formed Fresno County, California Learn California
1858 The Yankton Dakota Cede to the United States the Area Around Their Quarry in Pipestone County, Minnesota but Retain Free Access to the Quarry Grounds Pipestone County, Minnesota Dakota Human Rights/Civil Rights Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Secessionist Mob Attacks Union Troops Moving through Baltimore Maryland American Civil War Death The History Channel Lincoln Papers
Lincoln Orders the Blockade of Confederate Ports Abraham Lincoln Civil War Naval Military History History Place Lincoln Papers
Florida Flotilla of 25 Confederate Tugs and Schooners Fails in Its Attack on Two Union Ships Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Announces Ratification of Treaty with Potawatomi Indians of Kansas Kansas President Abraham Lincoln Potawatomi Indians Historic U.S. Documents Lincoln Papers
Wisconsin's Governor Louis Harvey Drowns on the Tennessee River While Leading an Expedition to Relieve the State's Troops After the Battle of Shiloh Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Battle of Shiloh Death Wisconsin Historical Society
1865 President Lincoln's Funeral Is Conducted in the East Room of the White House The White House Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln University of Missouri, Kansas City
On a National Day of Mourning, St. Paul, Minnesota Businesses Close, City Officials Wear Black Armbands and the Courthouse Is Draped in Black for 30 Days St. Paul, Minnesota Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln Minnesota Historical Society
1875 Kiowa Chief, White Horse (Tsen-tainte), and His Followers Surrender at Fort Sill Oklahoma Kiowa Indians Texas State Historical Association
1876 Wichita Commission Votes Not to Rehire Policeman Wyatt Earp Witchita, Kansas Wyatt Earp Westward Expansion The History Channel
1886 Emerson's "Concord Hymn" Sung at Dedication of Battle Monument Ralph Waldo Emerson Writer's Almanac
1887 Congress Approves the Incorporation of the Catholic University of America U.S. Congress Education Catholicism Catholic University of America
Massachusetts' Perkins Institution Dedicates the First Kindergarten for the Blind Massachusetts Education Early Childhood Education Blindness Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1892 Duryea Brothers Complete Prototype of First Commercially Successful American Automobile Duryea Brothers Automobiles Historic Firsts The New York Times
1897 The First Boston Marathon (15 Participants) Is Run from Ashland, Massachusetts to Boston Boston Massachusetts Distance Running Historic Firsts Boston Marathon The New York Times
1899 Seattle, Washington Lets the Contract for Its First Public Water Line Seattle, Washington Water History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2,000 and Leaves 50,000 Homeless in Guatemala Guatemala Earthquake Death The History Channel USGS
The Duluth, Minnesota Public Library Opens Duluth, Minnesota Libraries Duluth Public Library Minnesota Historical Society
1906 4,000 South African Zulus Die in Rebellion Against Farm Taxes South Africa Taxes War Death South African History
1910 The Texas Industrial Congress Is Organized in San Antonio Texas Business Business Texas State Historical Association
1919 Negotiations Begin in Paris Over Italy's Claims to Territory in the Former Austro-Hungarian Empire Italy World War I European History The History Channel
1924 WLS Chicago First Airs the National Barn Dance Chicago Radio WLS
West Texas Historical Association Is Organized in Abilene Texas History West Texas Historical Association Texas State Historical Association
1929 The Fox Theater Is the Last Music Hall to Open in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Stage and Theater Music History Link
1930 Publix Supermarkets Is Incorporated by George Jenkins of Lakeland, Florida Florida Business Business Publix Florida Historical Society
1933 The United States Goes Off the Gold Standard U.S. Government Economics Gold The New York Times
John W. Troy, Owner of the Daily Alaska Empire Is Inaugurated as the 12th Governor of Alaska Alaskan Political and Social Leaders Journalism Alaska Historical Society
1934 Shirley Temple's Stand Up & Cheer Premieres Shirley Temple Film Internet Movie Database
1938 RCA-NBC Begins First Regular Television Broadcasting NBC Corporate Information Television The History Channel
1939 Connecticut Approves Bill of Rights 148 Years Late Connecticut Bill of Rights U.S. House of Representatives
John Steinbeck's "The Grapes of Wrath" Is Copyrighted John Steinbeck The Grapes of Wrath Copyright USPTO
1940 Lake Shore Ltd Railroad Derails Killing 34 Near Little Falls, NY New York Railroads Death
1942 France's General Giraud Escapes From the Nazi Castle Prison at Konigstein France Nazi Germany World War II Yale University
1943 The Jewish Warsaw Ghetto Resistance Begins Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Nazi Germany The Holocaust WWII The History Channel
1945 Rodgers & Hammerstein Carousel Opens on Broadway New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
"Hail! Minnesota" Becomes the State Song Minnesota Music Minnesota Historical Society
1948 The U.S. Tests a Plutonium Bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Nuclear Weapons Plutonium Asian History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Relieved of His Command in Korea by Truman, General MacArthur Bids Farewell to Congress Douglas MacArthur U.S. Congress President Truman Korean War The New York Times
1953 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Fox Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
1955 Volkswagen of America, Inc. Is Established in New Jersey New Jersey Volkswagen of America Automobiles Business The History Channel
1956 Grace Kelly Marries Prince Rainier Monaco Political and Social Leaders Grace kelly Actors Film BBC
Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot Opens on Broadway Samuel Beckett Plays Internet Broadway Database
1959 The 14th Dalai Lama Is Given Sanctuary in India India The Dalai Lama Buddhism Asian History
1960 South West African People's Organisation is Founded in President-Day Namibia to Oppose South African Rule Namibia South Africa South African History
South Korean Students Protest the Corrupt and Authoritarian Government of President Syngman Rhee Korean Government Asian History
1967 Civil Rights Activist, Stokely Carmichael, Speaks to 4,000 at Seattle's Garfield High School Seattle, Washington U.S. Civil Rights Movements African-American Heritage Garfield High School History Link
1969 African-American Students Forcibly Occupy Cornell's Willard Straight Hall to Protest Racism Civil/Human Rights Education African-American History Cornell University African-American Registry
1971 Soviets Launches Salyut 1, First Manned Orbiting Space Lab Soviet Space Program Space Exploration Historic Firsts PBS NSAS
Vietnam Veterans Begin 5-day Antiwar Protest in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Vietnam War Human Rights/Civil Rights The History Channel
1972 Gen. Frederic Davidson First African-American Commander of an Army Division Notable U.S. Military Leaders African-American History Historic Firsts Historymakers
1973 NASA Launches the Anik A2 (Telesat 2) Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1979 Georgia Declares the Azalea to Be Its Official State Flower Georgia's Official Insect Azalea University of Georgia
1982 Soviets Launch Salyut 7 Space Station Into Orbit Soviet Space Program Space Exploration
1985 16th Space Shuttle Mission Discovery 4 Returns to Earth Space Shuttle NASA
1989 A Gun Turret Explodes Aboard the USS Iowa, Killing 47 Sailors Naval Military History Death The New York Times
1993 FBI Storms Branch Dividian Compound in Waco, Texas: 80 die Texas FBI Crime Death BBC The History Channel
South Dakota's Governor, George S. Mickelson, Dies in an Iowa Plane Crash South Dakota Political and Social Leaders Iowa Air Disasters Death The New York Times
1995 Bomb Destroys Oklahoma City Federal Building: 168 Die Oklahoma City Bombing Terrorism Death BBC The History Channel
Georgia Declares the Peanut to Be Its Official State Crop Georgia's Official Insect Peanuts University of Georgia
1997 Fires Break Out in the Flooded Downtown of Grand Forks, North Dakota Grand Forks, North Dakota Rivers Flooding Fire Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1999 The German Parliament Returns to the Restored Reichstag in Berlin, Its Prewar Capital German Government World War II The New York Times
The Seattle Space Needle Is Designated as an Historic Landmark Seattle, Washington Space Needle History Link
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2001 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-100) for ISS Docking Mission Space Shuttle International Space Station NSAS
The Musical ''The Producers'' Opens on Broadway Plays American Musicals Internet Broadway Database
2005 USDA Announces First Revised to the 1992 Food Guide Pyramid The Food Guide Pyramid USDA National Public Radio
German Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger Chosen to be Pope Benedict XVI Religion Catholicism National Public Radio BBC