Young-adult Readers Primary Readers


Primary Readers Young-adult Readers

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year did Hank Aaron Hit His First Major League Home Run? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what city did McDonald's open its first fast-food restaurant in China on this date in 1992? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Kennedy Center, in how many motion pictures did Shirley Temple star? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an actress born on this date:

1. Which two writers died on this date in 1616? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Center for Technology and Society, how many patents did Granville Woods have to his name? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the White House, James Buchanan is the only U.S. President to never do what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a novelist who was born on this date
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Fact Monster, in what year did William Shakespeare marry Ann Hathaway?

2. According to the European Space Agency, Max Planck was the originator of what theory?

3. According to the History Channel, in 1798 William Wordsworth published a book in collaboration with what other author?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a play written by William Shakespeare:

William Shakespeare
Born on This Date 1564

[University of Texas]

Playwright Poet

James Buchanan
Born on This Date 1791

[Library of Congress]

15th President of the United States

Granville Woods
Born on This Date 1856

[U.S. Dept of Energy]


Max Planck
Born on This Date 1858

[European Space Agency]

Physicist 1918 Nobel Laureate in Physics

Shirley Temple
Born on This Date 1928

[Sunshine Photo]

Child Film Star

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World Book and Copyright Day
(Commemorates the deaths of William Shakespeare and Miquel de Cervantes: both 04/23/1616)
Literature Copyright UNESCO
The Bahá'í Faith: Festival of Ridván
(Sunset 4/20 - sunset 5/2: commemorates Baha'u'llah's 1863 stay in "Garden of Ridvan" as God's messenger.)
The Bahá'í Faith Bahá'í Academics Resource Library
Great Britain: St. George's Day
(Feast Day of St. George, Patron Saint of England)
Great Britain Woodlands Junior School Catholic Encyclopedia Chambers Book of Days Historic UK
Turkey: Millie Egenmenlik ve Cocuk Bayrami (National Sovereignty and Children's Day)
(Commemorates the founding of Turkish Grand National Assembly: 04/23/1920 )
Turkey Child Advocates Turkish Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1565 William Shakespeare (English Author) English Authors William Shakespeare Poetry Plays
1818 James A. Froude (English Historian) English History
1852 Charles Edwin Markham (Oregon-born Poet) Edwin Markham Poetry
1855 Harry Stillwell Edwards (Georgia-born Author, Journalist) Georgia Authors Journalism University of Georgia
1884 Edwin Conger Hill (Indiana-born Radio Journalist, Commentator) Indiana Authors & Journalists Journalism Media Radio
1899 Vladimir Nabokov (Russian-American Novelist) Vladimir Nabokov
Ngaio Marsh (New Zealand Mystery Novelist) Ngaio Marsh
1925 Art Hoppe (Hawaiian-born Journalist) Hawaiian Authors American Writers Journalism
1926 James Patrick (J.P.) Donleavy (New York City-born Novelist) New York Authors Writer's Almanac
1937 Coleman Barks (Tennessee-born Poet, Translator) Tennessee Writers Poetry Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1942 Barry Hannah (Mississippi-born Novelist, Short Story Writer) Mississipi Authors Mississippi Writers' Project
Artists, Architects and Designers
1775 J.M.W. Turner (English Landscape Painter) J.M.W. Turner Artists
1932 Roy Halston (Iowa-born Clothing Designer) Iowa Artists, Designers
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1872 Arthur Farwell (Minnesota-born Composer, Music Educator) Minnesota Composers American Composers Education
1880 Michel Fokine (Russian Ballet Dancer, Choreographer) Russian Performing Artists Ballet
1891 Sergey Prokofiev (Russian Composer) Sergey Prokofiev Composers
1924 Sheldon Harnick (Chicago-born Pulitzer Prize-Winning Lyricist of Fiddler on the Roof, Fiorello) Sheldon Harnick American Composers `1960 Pulitzer Prize for Drama
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1856 Granville Woods (Ohio-born African-American Inventor) Granville Woods Inventors and Inventions Railroads African-American Scientists & Inventors
1858 Max Planck (German-born 1918 Nobel Laureate for Physics ) Max Planck Physics 1918 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1867 Johannes Fibiger (Danish Pathologist: 1926 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Danish Scientists & Mathematicians 1926 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
Military Leaders
1823 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb (Georgia-born Lawyer, Educator, Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
1898 Lucius Clay (Georgia-born Military and Business Leader, Advisor to General/President Dwight Eisenhower) Georgia Military Figures U.S. Government President Dwight Eisenhower World War II Business University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1791 James Buchanan (Pennsylvania-born President of the United States) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders James Buchanan The American Presidency
1812 Frederick Whitaker (English Politician, Business Leader; Prime Minister of New Zealand: 1863-64, 1882-83) English Political Leaders New Zealand Political Leaders
1813 Stephen A. Douglas (Vermont-born U.S. Senator and Candidate for President of the United States v. Abraham Lincoln) Stephen A. Douglas U.S. Senate Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency
1897 Lester B. Pearson (Prime Minister of Canada: 1963-1968) Canadian Political & Social Leaders
1947 Bernadette Devlin (Northern Ireland Political Activist, Member of the British Parliament) Northern Irish Political & Social Leaders Human Rights
Performing Artists
1895 Jimmie Noone (Louisiana-born African-American Jazz Musician) Louisiana Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1928 Shirley Temple Black (California-born Actress, Diplomat) Shirley Temple U.S. Government Actors Film
1936 Roy Orbison (Texas-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Roy Orbison Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1941 Lee Majors (Michigan-born Actor) Michigan Performing Artists Actors Television Biography
1944 Sandra Dee (New Jersey-born Actress) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
1949 Joyce DeWitt (West Virginia-born Actress) West Virginia Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1957 Jan Hooks (Georgia-born Actress) Georgia Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
1960 Valerie Bertinelli (Delaware-born Actress) Delaware Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1961 George Lopez (California-born Latin-American Comedic Actor) California Performing Artists Actors Television Latin-American Performing Artists Biography
1976 Gabriel Damon (Nevada-born Actor) Nevada Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1881 Claude Carter (South African Cricket Player) South African Sports Figures Cricket
1916 Bud Wilkinson (Minnesota-born Football Coach: Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Minnesota Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
1921 Warren Spahn (New York-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) New York Sports Figures Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1616 Miguel de Cervantes (Spanish Author) Miguel de Cervantes Authors
William Shakespeare (English Author) English Authors William Shakespeare Poetry Plays
1850 William Wordsworth (English Poet) William Wordsworth Poetry
1915 Rupert Brooke (English Poet) English Authors Poetry World War I History Channel
1984 William "Red" Garland (Texas-born African-American Jazz Pianist) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists All About Jazz Texas State historical Association
1985 Sam Ervin (North Carolina-born U.S. Senator) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Law and Legal Resources Watergate Hearings
1986 Otto Preminger (Austrian-American Film Director) Otto Preminger Filmmaker
1993 César Chávez (Arizona-born Latin-American Farm Labor Leader) César Chávez Farming & Agriculture Labor Latin-American Political and Social Leader
1998 James Earl Ray (Illinois-born Convicted Assassin of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.) James Earl Ray Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Notorious Amercians BBC Court TV University of Georgia
2007 Boris Yeltsin (Russia's First Elected President) Boris Yeltsin
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events from 1000-1199 that Occurred on this Date
1014 King Brian of Ireland Is Murdered by Vikings Irish Political and Social Leaders Death History Channel
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1348 The Highest British Knighthood, Order of the Garter, Is Created British History Greenwich Guide
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1445 England's Henry VI Marries Margaret of Anjou British Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Greenwich Guide
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1509 Henry VIII Is Proclaimed King of England British Political and Social Leaders Henry VIII Greenwich Guide
1541 Francisco Vazquez de Coronado Sets Out From Bernalillo County, New Mexico to Search for the Golden Cities of Cibola Francisco Vazquez de Coronado Bernalillo County, New Mexico North American Explorers Hispanic Heritage New Mexico Magazine
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1635 The Boston Latin School Is Founded As the First Public School in America Massachusetts Schools Education Historic Firsts Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1661 Charles II Is Crowned King of England British Political and Social Leaders Charles II Greenwich Guide
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1752 Ending Two Decades as a Trustee Colony, Georgia Is Made a Royal Colony Operated by the British Government British Government Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1778 John Paul Jones Burns Down an English Fort, Beginning the Only American Attack on England and Scotland England John Paul Jones American Revolution Forts Naval Military History Historic Firsts History Channel
1789 Large Crowds Greet George Washington as He Arrives in New York City to Begin His Service as First President of the United States New York City George Washington Presidency New York Times New York Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1800 U.S. Congress Establishes the Natchez Trace Post Route Between Nashville, Tennessee and Natchez, Mississippi Nashville, Tennessee Natchez, Mississippi U.S. Congress U.S. Postal Service National Park Service Mississippi Writers' Project
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: At day light this morning we were informed that the two horses of our Interpreter Charbono were absent; on enquiry it appeared that he had neglected to confine them to picquts as had been directed last evening. we immediately dispatched Reubin Feilds and Labuish to assist Charbono in recovering his horses. one of them was found at no great distance and the other was given over as lost.

at 8 A. M. Reuben Feilds and Sergt. Gass proceeded in the canoe. at 10 Labuish and Charbono returned unsuccessfull, they had gone back on the road nearly to the last village and suched the plains on either hand to a considerable distance.

our remaining longer would have prevented our making a timely stage which in our situation is all important; we therefore determined to proceed immediately to the next village which from the information of our guide will occupy the greater part of the day to reach at eleven OCk. we loaded our horses and set out.

during the time we were detained this morning we had two packsaddles made. we continued our march along a narrow rocky bottom on the N. side of the river about 12 miles to the Wah-how-pum Village of 12 temperary mat lodges near the Rock rapid.

these people appeared much pleased to see us, sold us 4 dogs and some wood for our small articles which we had previously prepared as our only resource to obtain fuel and food through those plains. these articles conisted of pewter buttons, strips of tin iron and brass, twisted wire &c. we also obtained some shap-le-lell newly made from these people.

here we met with a Chopunnish man on his return up the river with his family and about 13 head of horses most of them young and unbroken. he offered to hire us some of them to pack as far a his nation, but we prefer bying as by hireing his horses we shal have the whole of his family most probably to mentain.

at a little distance below this village we passed five lodges of the same people who like those were waiting the arrival of the salmon. after we had arranged our camp we caused all the old and brave men to set arround and smoke with us. we had the violin played and some of the men danced; after which the natives entertained us with a dance after their method.

this dance differed from any I have yet seen. they formed a circle and all sung as well the spectators as the dancers who performed within the circle. these placed their sholders together with their robes tightly drawn about them and danced in a line from side to side, several parties of from 4 to seven will be performing within the circle at the same time. the whole concluded with a premiscuous dance in which most of them sung and danced. these people speak a language very similar to the Chopunnish whome they also resemble in their dress their women wear long legings mockersons shirts and robes. their men also dress with legings shirts robes and mockersons.

after the dance was ended the indians retired at our request and we retired to rest. we had all our horses side hubbled and turned out to graize;

at this village, a large creek falls in on the N. side which we did not observe as we decended the river. the river is by no means as rapid as when we decended or at least not obstructed with those dangerous rapids the water at present covers most of the rocks in the bed of the river. the natives promised to barter their horses with us in the morning we therefore entertained a hope that we shall be enabled to proceede by land from hence with the whole of our party and baggage.

came 12 miles by land. the sands made the march fatieguing.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1823 Ralph Waldo Emerson Writes President Van Buren Denouncing Removal of Cherokee Indians from Their Eastern Lands Ralph Waldo Emerson President Martin Van Buren American Authors Cherokee Indians American Collection
1831 The Pontchartrain Railroad, Begins Service Out of New Orleans as the First Railroad West of the Alleghenies New Orleans Railroad Historic Firsts New Orleans Public Library
1838 Two Steamships Arrive in New York City from Ireland and England, Completing the First Atlantic Crossings by Steam Ireland England New York City Steamships Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1857 Samuel Medary Takes Office as Minnesota's Third and Final Territorial Governor Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
1859 Denver, Colorado's First Newspaper Is Published Denver, Colorado Journalism Historic Firsts History Channel
1863 U.S.S. Tioga Seizes the British Sloop Justina Bound From Florida to Nassau with a Cargo of Salt Great Britain Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 President Lincoln Accepts Offer for an Additional 85,000 Troops from Governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin Illinois Government Indiana Government Iowa Government Ohio Government Wisconsin Government President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1867 William Lincoln of Providence, Rhode Island, Patents the Zoetrope Projector Rhode Island Scientists & Mathematicians Photography Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks History Channel
1869 The Alaska Times, Begins Publication in Sitka, as the First Newspaper Printed in Alaska Sitka, Alaska Journalism Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1876 In Oregon, the Portland Cricket Club Plays Its Opening Match of the Season Portland, Oregon Cricket
1881 In Minnesota, Belgian Colonists Arrive at Grandview in Lyon County and the Village Is Renamed Ghent in Their Honor Belgium Ghent, Minnesota Immigration Minnesota Historical Society
1889 Mordicai Levi of Charleston, West Virginia, Is Granted a Patent for the Process for Production of Pavement Bricks Charleston, West Virginia Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks Transportation West Virginia State Archive
1892 The Fort Worth Public Library Association Is Chartered by the State of Texas Forth Worth, Texas Libraries Fort Worth Public Library Texas State historical Association
1896 The Vitascope System for Projecting Movies onto a Screen Is Demonstrated in New York City New York City Film Historic Firsts New York Times
1897 Gillette State Hospital for Crippled Children in St. Paul, Minnesota Is the First State-Funded Hospital of Its Kind in the Nation St. Paul, Minnesota Medicine Child Health Care Gillette Children's Hospital Minnesota Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 W.E.B. DuBois Lectures at Harvard on "The Race Question" W.E.B. DuBois African-American Political and Social Leaders Harvard University Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1908 President Theodore Roosevelt Signs Act Creating the U.S. Army Reserve President Theodore Roosevelt American Presidents Historic U.S. Documents U.S. Army Reserve New York Times
1911 Bob Burman Sets a Land Speed Record at Daytona Beach, Florida Covering One Mile in 25.4 Seconds. Driving a 200 HP "Blitzen" Benz Daytona Beach, Florida Auto Racing Florida Historical Society
1914 Suquamish Is Launched as the First Diesel-Powered Ship Built on Washington's Puget Sound Washington Naval History Historic Firsts History Link
1915 English Poet Rupert Brooke Dies in Greece English Authors Greece World War I Poetry Death History Channel
1921 The Florida Legislature Creates Hardee, Charlotte, Glades and Highlands Counties Florida Florida Historical Society
1926 Here and Beyond by Edith Wharton Is Published by D. Appleton and Company, New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1940 Approximately 200 People Die in a Natchez, Mississippi Dance Hall Fire Mississippi Dance Fire Safety Death New York Times
In Madison, Wisconsin, Ray-o-Vac Engineer Herman Anthony Patents the "Leak Proof" Battery Madison, Wisconsin Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks Ray-o-Vac Wisconsin Historical Society
1942 German Bombing Raids Target British Landmarks Nazi Germany Great Britain British Cathedrals WWII Aviation Military Hisory History Channel
1945 President Truman Meets Soviet Minister Vyacheslav Molotov The Soviet Union Harry Truman Cold War History Channel
1949 Chinese Communist Forces Capture Nanjing China War Asian History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 In Farmville, Virginia, 117 African-American Students Begin a 10-Day Strike to Protest Poor Conditions in Their Segregated High School Farmville, Virginia Education Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research African American Registry Virginia Historical Society
James Michener's Return to Paradise Is Published in New York by Random House James Michener American Authors Random House American Collection
1954 Hank Aaron Hits His First Major League Home Run Hank Aaron Baseball African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society University of Georgia
1956 Elvis Makes an Unsuccessful Debut in Las Vegas Las Vegas, Nevada Elvis Historic Firsts History Channel
1962 NASA Launches Ranger 4 Satellite for Lunar Exploration Lunar Exploration Space Exploration NASA
1963 William Moore, a White Postal Worker, Is Shot and Killed as He Begins a One-Man Civil Rights March from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi Chattanooga, Tennessee Jackson, Mississippi Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage Crime Death Alabama State Archives
1964 James Baldwin's Blues for Mr. Charlie Opens on Broadway James Baldwin Plays African-American Authors Internet Broadway Database American Collection
The Movie My Fair Lady Is Copyrighted Film Copyright Internet Movie Database USPTO
1967 Soviet Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov Is Killed When His Soyuz I Parachute Fails to Deploy During Landing The Soviet Union Soviet Space Program Death History Channel
1968 The United Methodist Church Is Formed by Merger of the Evangelical United Brethren Church and the Methodist Church Religion United Methodist Church
British Begin Using Decimal Coins Great Britain Currency Historic Firsts BBC
1969 Sirhan Sirhan Is Sentenced to Death for the Assassination of Senator Robert Kennedy Robert Kennedy Crime Capital Punishment New York Times
1975 President Ford Refuses Additional Aid as North Vietnamese Close on Saigon, Saying U.S. Is Finished in Vietnam Vietnam War Gerald Ford History Channel
1984 Scientist Finds Aids Virus AIDS Medical Research BBC South African History
1985 Coca-Cola Changes Its Formula and Offers "New" Coke Coca-Cola Businesses & Corporations University of Georgia
1987 Chrysler Announces Pending Purchase of Lamborghini Chrysler Lamborghini Businesses & Corporations History Channel
1988 Greek Cycling Champ Pedals MIT Aircraft over Aegean Sea for 4 hrs. Greece Aviation History Bicycling MIT University of Houston
1992 Governor Arne H. Carlson Signs MinnesotaCare into Law, Providing Medical Insurance for Low-Income Minnesotans Minnesota Government Health Care Community and Humand Services Law MinnesotaCare Minnesota Historical Society
McDonald's Opens Its First Fast-Food Restaurant in the Chinese Capital of Beijing China Foods and Nutrition Business Death Historic Firsts MacDonald's New York Times
Historic Events that occurred on this date 2000-present
2003 U.S. Postal Service Releases César Chávez Stamp in the Los Angeles Area César Chávez Los Angeles Latin-American Studies U.S. Postal Service (pdf)