1915 Geneocide

1915 Geneocide

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which space shuttle was used to launch the Hubble telescope on this date in 1990? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What kind of organ did Laurens Hammond patent in 1931? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Scottish Libraries, what was the title of R. M Ballantyne's first adventure tale for young people? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. On this date in 1980, in which country did a U.S. military operation fail to free 52 hostages? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Texas Cultural and Arts Network, at what university was John T. Biggers responsible for establishing the school's art department? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to, what did Edmund Cartwright invent in 1789? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a novelist who was born on this date
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the History Channel, the Iran Hostage Crisis began November 4, 1979 when a mob of Iranians seized which building in Tehran?

2. According to the History Channel, in 1983 Barbra Streisand became the first woman to write, produce, direct, and star in a film. What was the title of the film?

3. According to the Pulitzer Foundation, Willa Cather won a 1923 Pulitzer Prize for which novel?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1939 work by Robert Penn Warren (according to Author's Calendar):

Edmund Cartwright
Born on This Date 1743



R.M. Ballantyne
Born on This Date 1825

[Scottish Libraries]

Young-adult Author

Robert Penn Warren
Born on This Date 1905

[Yale University]


John T. Biggers
Born on This Date 1924



Barbra Streisand
Born on This Date 1942


ActressPopular Recording Artist

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The Bahá'í Faith: Festival of Ridván
(sunset 4/20 - sunset 5/2: commemorates Baha'u'llah's 1863 stay in "Garden of Ridvan" as God's messenger.)
The Bahá'í Faith Bahá'í Academics Resource Library
Armenia: Genocide Memorial Day
(Observed in remembrance of the 1915 Turkish extermination of 1M+ Armenians)
1915 Armenia Genocide Turkey Gendercide
Niger: Concord Day
(Commemoration of the military overthrow of Hamani Diori's presidency: 4/24/1974)
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1825 R.M. Ballantyne (Scottish Children's Author) R.M. Ballantyne Young-adult Authors
1911 Evaline Ness (Ohio-born Illustrator) Ohio Artists American Artists
1940 Bert Kitchen (English Illustrator) English Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1766 Robert Bailey Thomas (Massachusetts-born Publisher of "Old Farmer's Almanac") Massachusetts Authors
1815 Anthony Trollope (English Novelist) Anthony Trollope
1845 Carl Spitteler (Swiss Poet) Switzerland Poetry
1900 Elizabeth Goudge (English Novelist) English Authors
1905 Robert Penn Warren (Kentucky-born Poet, Novelist and First Poet Laureate of the United States) Robert Penn Warren Poetry Official Website
1916 Stanley Kauffmann (New York City-born Film and Theater Critic) New York City Authors and Illustrators Stage and Theater Film Writer's Almanac
1940 Sue Grafton (Kentucky-born Crime Novelist) Sue Grafton Crime Official Website
1953 Eric Bogosian (Massachusetts-born Playwright, Actor) Eric Bogosian Plays Official Website
Artists, Architects and Designers
1874 John R. Pope (New York City-born Architect; Designed the National Gallery of Art) New York City Artists and Architects Architecture National Gallery of Art
1904 Willem de Kooning (Dutch Abstract Expressionist Painter) Willem de Kooning
1924 John T. Biggers (North Carolina-born African-American Muralist/Sculptor) John T. Biggers Notable African Americans
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1706 Giovanni Battista Martini (Italian Composer, Music Theorist and Teacher) Italian Composers Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1620 John Graunt (English Statistician, Father of Demography) English Scientists and Mathematicians Statistics Demography
1743 Edmund Cartwright (English Inventor) Edmund Cartwright Inventors and Inventions
Military Leaders
1856 Henri-Philippe Petain (French General, WWI Hero, Head of French Vichy Government: 1940-44) French Political and Social Leaders French Military Figures World War I World War II
1876 Erich Raeder (German Naval Commander) German Military Leaders
Political and Social Leaders
1581 St. Vincent de Paul (French Religious Leader, Canonized in 1737 by Pope Clement XII) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Saints Religion Concordia
The Notorious
1906 William Joyce (New York City-born English Traitor Who Made Propaganda Broadcasts for Nazi Germany) William Joyce Notorious Persons of Great Britain Notorious Americans Nazi Germany Propaganda
Performing Artists
1911 Jack E. Leonard (Chicago-born Comedian) Illinois Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1934 Shirley MacLaine (Virginia-born Singer, Actor, Dancer) Virginia Performing Artists Actors Film
1936 Jill Ireland (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1937 Joe Henderson (Ohio-born African-American Tenor Saxophonist ) Ohio Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1942 Barbra Streisand (New York City-born Singer, Actor, Director) Barbra Streisand Popular Musicians Actors Film
1952 Jean-Paul Gaultier (French Costume Designer) French Artists & Designers Film Internet Movie Database
1982 Kelly Clarkson (Texas-born Popular Singer) Texas Performing Artists Pop Singer
Sports Figures
1903 Mike Michalske (Ohio-born Green Bay Packer Football Player; Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Wisconsin Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame Wisconsin Historical Society
1972 Chipper Jones (Florida-born Baseball Player) Florida Sports Figures Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1731 Daniel Defoe (English Author of Robinson Crusoe) Daniel Defoe Authors
1931 O. P. DeWalt (Texas-born African-American President of the Houston, Texas NAACP: Assassinated) Texas Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders Houston NAACP Texas State Historical Association
1947 Willa Cather (North Carolina-born Author) Willa Cather American Authors Westward Expansion 1923 Pulitizer Prize for the Novel <I>One of Ours</I>
1964 Gerhard Domagk (German-born Chemist, Awarded 1939 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology) Gerhard Domagk Chemistry Medical Research 1939 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology Technology and Society
1967 Vladimir Komarov (Soviet Cosmonaut, First Known Victim of Space Flight) Russian Space Program Space Exploration BBC
1974 Bud Abbott (New Jersey-born Member of the Abbott and Costello Comedy Team) Bud Abbott Actors Film
1986 Wallis Warfield Simpson (Pennsylvania-born Duchess of Windsor) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Edward VIII British Monarchy
1988 Miguel Pedraza, Sr. (Tigua Leader) Texas Political and Social Leaders Native-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1993 Oliver Reginald Tambo (South African Co-founder of the African National Congress with Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu) South Africa Apartheid South African History
1997 Pat Paulsen (Washington-born Comedian) Washington Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1704 Boston News-Letter Begins Operation as the First Continuously Published Newspaper in America Massachusetts Journalism Historic Firsts Massachusetts Historical Society
1781 British Troops Capture Petersburg, Virginia Great Britain Virginia American Revolution History Channel
1792 France's National Anthem, ''La Marseillaise,'' Is Composed by Capt. Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle France Composers Fordham University
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1800 President John Adams Approves $5,000 Appropriation to Purchase Books for Congress Library of Congress President John Adams Library of Congress Library of Congress
1802 Georgia Cedes to the United States All Land West of Its Present State Boundaries Georgia University of Georgia
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We were up early this morning and dispatched the men in surch of our horses, they were all found in a little
time except McNeal's. we hired an indian to surch for this horse it was one in the evening before he returned with him.

in the intermediate time we had 4 packsaddles made purchased three horses of the Wah-howpums, and hired three others of the Chopunnish man who accompanys us with his family and horses. we now sold our canoes for a few strands of beads, loaded up and departed at 2 P. M.

the natives had tantalized us with an exchange of horses for our canoes in the first instance, but when they found that we had made our arrangements to travel by land they would give us nothing for them I determined to cut them in peices sooner than leave them on those terms,

Drewyer struck one of the canoes and split of a small peice with his tommahawk, they discovered us determined on this subject and offered us several strands of beads for each which were accepted.

we proceeded up the river between the hills and it's Northen shore. the road was rocky and sandy alternately, the road difficult and fatieguing. at 12 ms. we arrived at a village of 5 lodges of the Met-cow-wes, having passed 4 lodges at 4 and 2 at 2 Ms. further.

we ramined all night near the Met-cow-we lodges; we purchased three dogs and some shappellel of these people which we cooked with dry grass and willow boughs. many of the natives pased and repassed us today on the road and behaved themselves with distant rispect towards us.

most of the party complain of the soarness of their feet and legs this evening; it is no doubt caused by walking over the rough stones and deep sands after bing for some months passed been accustomed to a soft soil. my left ankle gives me much pain. I baithed my feet in cold water from which I experienced considerable releif.

the winds which set from Mount Hood or in a westerly direction are much more cold than those from the opposite quarter. there are now no dews in these plains, and from the appearance of the earth there appears to have been no rain for several weeks.—

we derected that the three horses which we purchased yesterday should be hubbled and confined to a picqut, and that the others should be disposed of in the same manner they were last evening.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 At Astoria, Jane Barnes, a Barmaid From England, Is the First European Woman to Set Foot on Oregon Soil England Astoria, Oregon Women Historic Firsts
1819 English Artist, Botanist and Explorer, Thomas Nuttall, Reaches Fort Smith, Arkansas English Artists Fort Smith, Arkansas Artists Botany North American Explorers Arkansas History Commission
1851 First Settlers Arrive At What Will Be Port Townsend, Washington Port Townsend, Washington Historic Firsts Port Townsend, Washington History Link
1855 The Cornerstone Is Laid for the First Building of St. Mary's College and Academy in South Bend, Indiana South Bend, Indiana Education Catholicism Architecture St. Mary's College Indiana Historical Society
1859 The Town of Live Oak, Florida Is Founded by the Pensacola and Georgia Railroad Live Oak, Florida Railroad Live Oak, Florida Florida Historical Association
1861 President Lincoln Responds to Reverdy Johnson's Concerns About Federal Troops in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Maryland President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1863 Code of Conduct (General Orders 100) Issued for Federal Soldiers American Civil War Prisoners of War War War Crimes History Channel
1867 5.1 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in the Recorded History of Kansas Kansas Earthquake USGS
1877 Federal Troops Are Ordered Out of New Orleans, Ending Post-Civil War Military Rule in the South. New Orleans American Civil War Reconstruction New York Times
1880 Amateur Athletic Association Is Founded in Oxford, England Great Britain Competitive Sports Oxford Univeresity BBC
The First Piano Recital in Iowa Is Held at the Dubuque Academy of Music Dubuque, Iowa Music Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1884 The First Professional Organization Just for African-American Physicians Is Founded African-American Scientists and Mathematicians Health Care Professionals Historic Firsts African American Registry IntelliHealth
1895 Canadian Joshua Slocum Begins the First Solo Around-the-world Voyage (3+ years) Canada Nautical History Joshua Slocum Society International
1898 Spain Declares War on the U.S. After Rejecting America's Ultimatum to Withdraw from Cuba Cuba Spain Spanish-American War New York Times
1899 Idaho Mine Workers Riot When Wage Demands Are Rejected Idaho Labor Economics and Business History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 Chicago White Stockings Defeat the Cleveland Blues 8-2 in First Official American League Baseball Game Chicago Cleveland. Ohio Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts New York Times Ohio Historical Society
1907 Charles A. Zimmerman Copyrights "Anchors Aweigh" Music Copyrights USPTO
The Incorporation of the Town of Bonifay Is Approved by the Florida Legislature Bonifay, Florida Bonifay, Florida Florida Historical Association
1908 Ralph DePalma Drives in His First Auto Race Italian Sports Figures Auto Racing History Channel
1911 The Magnolia Petroleum Company Is Founded Texas Business Business Texas State Historical Association
1913 The Florida Legislature Creates Bay County Bay County, Florida Bay County, Florida Florida Historical Association
From the White House, President Woodrow Wilson, Illuminates 80,000 Electric Lights in the Woolworth Building, New York City's Tallest Structure New York City President Woodrow Wilson The White House Electricity New York State Historical Society
1914 Thousands of Frogs Overrun Melrose, Minnesota Melrose, Minnesota Frogs Minnesota Historical Society
1915 Turkish Authorities Deport/Exterminate 650 Armenian Leaders 1915 Armenia Genocide Turkey WWI New York Times
1916 Easter Uprising: Irish Nationalists Storm the Dublin Post Office Declaring Ireland's Independence from England Easter Uprising English History Writer's Almanac History Channel
1922 Alabama's First Radio Station, WSY (Now WAPI), Begins Broadcasting Alabama Media Radio Historic Firsts WAPI Alabama Archives
1931 O. P. DeWalt, President of the Houston NAACP, Is Assassinated Texas Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights Death African-American Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
Laurens Hammond Receives a Patent for His Electric Organ Laurens Hammond Organs Patents & Trademarks Hammond Zone
1940 Allied Troops Evacuate Following the Surrender of Greece to the Axis Greece World War II History Channel
1941 The Detroit Tank Arsenal Delivers Its First M3 Tank Detroit, Michigan Business U.S. Military World War II State of Michigan
1942 Warner Bros. Contracts Ingrid Bergman for Casablanca Ingrid Bergman <I>Casablanca</I> History Channel
1944 U.S. Supreme Court Rules Freedom of Belief Is Absolute, but Freedom to Act on Beliefs Is Not U.S. Supreme Court Bill of Rights Concordia
1945 President Harry Truman Learns the Full Details of the Manhattan Project President Harry Truman Manhattan Project History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 First African-American Student Is Admitted to the University of North Carolina North Carolina Education Civil Rights African-American History University of North Carolina
1953 Winston Churchill Is Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II English Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill Queen Elizabeth II History Channel
Oregon's Wayne Morse Breaks the U.S. Senate Record for Filibuster by Holding the Floor for 22 Hours and 26 Minutes Oregon Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1954 British Authorities Clamp Down on Mau Mau Guerillas Opposing White Settlement in Kenya Kenya Great Britain Terrorism BBC
1955 Bandung Conference of African-Asian Nations Concludes Africa Indonesia World History History Channel
1956 Alaskans Approve a Constitution by a Vote of 17,447 to 7,180 Alaska Votes Historic U.S. Documents Alaksa Historical Society
1959 Your Hit Parade Airs for the Last Time Television Popular Music Museum of Broadcast Communication
1960 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 420, Injures 3,000 and Causes $20M Property Damage in Southern Iran Iran Earthquake Death USGS
1962 MIT Transmits First Successful Coast-to-Coast Satellite-Relayed Image History of Technology Historic Firsts MIT Technology and Society
1964 President Lyndon Johnson Arrives in Huntington, West Virginia to Promote His War on Poverty West Vrginia President Lyndon Johnson Community Service West Virgnia Archives
1967 Soviet Cosmonaut Is First Known Victim of Space Flight Russian Space Program Space Exploration Death Historic Firsts BBC
1969 Student Protestors Begin Weeklong Occupation of Buildings at Columbia University in New York City New York City Vietnam War Civil Rights Columbia University New York Times
1974 The Tampa Bay Buccaneers Franchise Is Approved by the National Football League Florida Sports Figures Football National Football League Florida Historical Association
1975 Baader-Meinhof Blows Up the West German Embassy in Stockholm Germany Stockholm, Sweden Terrorism Death BBC
Elvis Presley Appears in Concert in Macon, Georgia Macon, Georgia Elvis Presley Popular Music University of Georgia
1979 "Georgia On My Mind" Is Designated as the Official State Song Georgia State Song Popular Music University of Georgia
1980 US Military Operation Fails in Attempt to Rescue 52 Hostages in Iran Iran Iran Hostage Crisis History Channel BBC
1982 British Suffer First Casualty in the Falklands Campaign Argentina Great Britain Death BBC
1984 Carnegie Report Exposes the Poverty Caused by Apartheid in South Africa South Africa Apartheid South African History
6.1 Magnitude Earthquake Causes $7.5M Damage in Central California California Earthquake USGS
1985 6.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 6, Injures 11 in Luzon, Republic of the Philippines Philippines Earthquake Death USGS
1989 Thousands of Chinese Students and Workers Continue Strikes Chinese History Human Rights Labor TV News Archive
1990 Space Shuttle Discovery Is Launched with Hubble Telescope Aboard Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA BBC
The Massachusetts Legislature Designates This Date as a Day of Remembrance of the 1915 Armenian Genocide 1915 Armenia Genocide Turkey Massachusetts WWI Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1993 IRA Bomb Devastates London London Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1996 Palestine Liberation Organization Votes to Revoke Its Call for the Destruction of Israel Palestine Israel New York Times
1997 Opening Statements Are Made in the Trial of Timothy McVeigh for the 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing Oklahoma City Bombing Terrorism Law Court TV
1999 The Georgia Sports Hall of Fame Officially Opens to the Public Georgia Sports Figures Sports Georgia Sports Hall of Fame University of Georgia