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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In what year did Daniel Defoe publish Robinson Crusoe on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What country granted Swaziland the right of self rule on this date in 1967? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Mankato Public Schools, what is the name of the town in which Maud Hart Lovelace's Betsy-Tacy books take place? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a country for which April 25 is a holiday:
LO RUT GAP
INTERMEDIATE

1. What is the name of the Union Admiral who captured New Orleans on this date in 1862? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to The Simpsons official website, for what telefilm did Hank Azaria receive an Emmy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in a TV Movie/Miniseries? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, what company did Guglielmo Marconi form in July 1897? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an opera by Giacomo Puccini (according to Fact Monster):
SCOAT
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Yugoslavia Institute of Physics, to what observed properties does the Pauli Exclusion Principle clearly relate the quantum theory?

2. According to PBS, where did Ella Fitzgerald attend an orphanage school?

3. According to Biography.com, in what year was Edward R. Murrow appointed Director of the CBS European Bureau?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of one of Daniel Defoe's first five works (according to Author's Calendar):
A CORN TOOTH SLIDE
 
 

Guglielmo Marconi
Born on This Date 1892

[Nobel Foundation]

Inventor of the Wireless Telegraph1909 Nobel Laureate for Physics


Maud Hart Lovelace
Born on This Date 1892

[Minnesota Historical Society]

Young-adult Author


Wolfgang Pauli
Born on This Date 1900

[Nobel Foundation]

Physicist1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics


Ella Fitzgerald
Born on This Date 1917

[Fact Monster]

Jazz Vocalist


Hank Azaria
Born on This Date 1964

[The Simpsons]
Voice of Several Characters on the Simpsons
 
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Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1873 Howard Garis (New York-born Children's Author of the Uncle Wiggly Series) New York Authors Primary Authors
Walter de la Mare (English Children's Author and Poet) Walter de la Mare Primary Authors Poetry
1892 Maud Hart Lovelace (Minnesota-born Children's Author) Maud Hart Lovelace Young-adult Authors
1925 June Behrens (California-born Children's Author) California Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1927 Alvin Schwartz (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1933 Larry Kettelkamp (Illinois-born Children's Author) Illinois Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1942 Stuart J. Murphy (Connecticut-born Children's Author of the MathStart Series) Connecticut Authors Mathematics Official Website
1949 George Ella Lyon (Kentucky-born Poet Children's Author) Kentucky Authors Young-adult Authors Poetry Official Website
1964 Marie G. Lee (Minnesota-born Asian-American Children's Author) Minnesota Authors Young-adult Authors Asian-American Authors University of Minnesota
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1908 Edward R. Murrow (North Carolina-born Broadcast Journalist) Edward R. Murrow Journalism
1933 Jay Anthony Lukas (New York City-born Journalist, Non-fiction Author) New York City Authors Journalism Writer's Almanac
1914 Claude Mauriac (Paris-born Novelist, Journalist and Critic ) Paris Authors & Illustrators Journalism
1952 Padgett Powell (Florida-born Novelist) Padgett Powell
1961 Dinesh D'Souza (Indian Journalist, Writer) Writers of India Journalism
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1933 Jerry Leiber (Maryland-born Songwriter) Jerry Leiber Rock and Roll Hall of Fame American Composers and Songwriters
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1507 Martin Waldseemuller (German Scholar Credited with Naming America) Germany Maps World History
1853 Marc Isambard Brunel (French Inventor, Engineer: Built First Underwater Tunnel) French Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Technology and Society
1853 John Frank Stevens (Maine-born Chief Civil Engineer of the Panama Canal) Maine Scientists and Mathematicians Railroads Panama Canal
1874 Guglielmo Marconi (Italian Inventor of the Wireless Telegraph) Guglielmo Marconi Inventors and Inventions Wireless Telegraph 1909 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1900 Wolfgang Pauli (Austrian Physicist, 1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Wolfgang Pauli Electrons 1945 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Political and Social Leaders
1215 Saint Louis IX (King of France) Saint Louis IX Catholic Saints The Catholic Encyclopedia
1284 King Edward II of England (The First Prince of Wales) English History Edward II
1599 Oliver Cromwell (Lord Protector of the British Commonwealth) Oliver Cromwell
1776 James Miller (New Hampshire-born First Governor of the Arkansas Territory: 1819 - 1825) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Encycloepdia of Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1811 William Henry Bissell (New York-born Governor of Illinois: 1857 - 1860) New York Political and Social Leaders Illinois Political and Social Leaders Natrional Governors' Association
1906 William Brennan (New Jersey-born U.S. Supreme Court Justice) William Brennan U.S. Supreme Court
1907 Sam Shapiro (Estonian-American Governor of Illinois: 1868 - 1869) Estonian Political and Social Leaders Illinois Political and Social Leaders Natrional Governors' Association
1923 Arnold Miller (West Virginia-born President of the United Mine Workers of America from 1972 to 1979) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Labor Unions United Mine Workers of America West Virginia Archives
Performing Artists
1917 Ella Fitzgerald (Virginia-born African-American Singer) Ella Fitzgerald Jazz African American Performing Artists
1923 Albert King (Mississippi-born African-American Jazz & Blues Musician) Mississippi Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1930 Paul Mazursky (New York City-born Producer, Director) New York City Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1940 Al Pacino (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Received 2004 Best-Actor Emmy Award for Angels in America Received 1992 Academy Award for Scent of a Woman Biography.com
1945 Bjrn Ulvaeus (Swedish Musician, Songwriter: Member of ABBA) Swedish Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1946 Talia Shire (New York-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1964 Hank Azaria (New York City-born Actor) Hank Azaria Actors Film Television The Simpsons
1969 Renee Zellweger (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Received 2004 BEst-Supporting Actress Academy Award for Cold Mountain Biography.com
1980 Jacob Underwood (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
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1884 John Henry Lloyd (Florida-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Florida Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame African Americans Sports Figures
1932 Meadowlark Lemon (North Carolina-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) North Carolina Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame African Americans Sports Figures
1976 Tim Duncan (U.S. Virgin islands-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) U.S. Virgin Islands Basketball Notable African Americans
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1990 Dexter Gordon (Los Angeles-born African-American Jazz Saxophonist) Los Angeles Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists
1995 Howard Cosell (North Carolina-born Sports Broadcaster) North Carolina Sports Figures Media Sports Television New York Times
Ginger Rogers (Missouri-born Actress, Dancer) Missouri Performing Artists Dance Actors Film The History Channel
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of  from 0-999 AD that Occurred on this Date
799 Pope Saint Leo III Is Attacked, His Eyes Stabbed and His Tongue Torn Roman Empire Catholicism Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1616 William Shakespeare Is Buried in the Chancel of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford Stratford -on-Avon William Shakespeare Religion Death Holy Trinity Church Theatre History
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1719 Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe Is Published Daniel Defoe Adult Fiction The History Channel
1775 British Troops Remove 15 Half-barrels of Gunpowder from the Williamsburg, Virginia Powder Magazine Williamsburg, Virginia Colonial Virginia American Revolution Virginia Historical Society
1781 Cornwallis Retreats to Wilmington, North Carolina, After Being Defeated at Guilford Courthouse Wilmington, North Carolina American Revolution The History Channel
1792 Guillotine Is First Used for an Execution France Capital Punishment Technology and Society
1793 Pope Pius VI Establishes the Diocese of Louisiana and the Floridas Louisiana Catholicism Archdiocese of New Orleans University of Notre Dame
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804 Town of Uitenhage, South Africa Is Founded Uitenhage, South Africa Civil War South African History
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The wind was more moderate this morning, tho' still hard; we set out at an early hour. the water friezed on the oars this morning as the men rowed. about 10 oclock A. M. the wind began to blow so violently that we were obliged to lye too. my dog had been absent during the last night, and I was fearfull we had lost him altogether, however, much to my satisfaction he joined us at 8 Oclock this morning.

The wind had been so unfavorable to our progress for several days past, and seeing but little prospect of a favourable chang; knowing that the river was crooked, from the report of the hunters who were out yesterday, and beleiving that we were at no very great distance from the Yellow stone River; I determined, in order as mush as possible to avoid detention, to proceed by land with a few men [four men, to include Ordway, Drouillard and Joseph Field] to the entrance of that river and make the necessary observations to determine it's position, which I hoped to effect by the time that Capt Clark could arrive with the party; accordingly I set out at 11 OCk. on the Lard. side, accompanyed by four men. we proceeded about four miles, when falling in with some buffaloe I killed a yearling calf, which was in good order; we soon cooked and made a hearty meal of a part of it, and renewed our march our rout lay along the foot of the river hills. when we had proceeded about four miles, I ascended the hills from whence I had a most pleasing view of the country, perticularly of the wide and fertile vallies formed by the missouri and the yellowstone rivers, which occasionally unmasked by the wood on their borders disclose their meanderings for many miles in their passage through these delightfull tracts of country. I could not discover the junction of the rivers immediately, they being concealed by the woods, however, sensible that it could not be distant I determined to encamp on the bank of the Yellow stone river which made it's appearance about 2 miles South of me.

the whol face of the country was covered with herds of Buffaloe, Elk & Antelopes; deer are also abundant, but keep themselves more concealed in the woodland. the buffaloe Elk and Antelope are so gentle that we pass near them while feeding, without apearing to excite any alarm among them, and when we attract their attention, they frequently approach us more nearly to discover what we are, and in some instances pursue us a considerable distance apparenly with that view. in our way to the place I had determined to encamp, we met with two large herds of buffaloe, of which we killed three cows and a calf. two of the former, wer but lean, we therefore took their tongues and a part of their marrow-bones only. I then proceeded to the place of our encampment with two of the men, taking with us the Calf and marrowbones, while the other two remained, with orders to dress the cow that was in tolerable order, and hang the meat out of the reach of the wolves, a precaution indispensible to it's safe keeping, even for a night.

we encamped on the bank of the yellowstone river, 2 miles South of it's confluence with the Missouri. [The Yellowstone meets the Missouri in McKenzie County, North Dakota, a little east of the Montana state line. The actual mouth has shifted over the years.]

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 McKenzie County, North Dakota
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning we collected our horses and set out at 9 A. M. and proceeded on 11 ms. to the Village of the
Pish-quit-pahs
[a band of the Yakimas, the Pisquows] of 51 mat lodges where we arrived at 2 P. M. purchased five dogs and some wood from them and took dinner.

this village contains about 7 hundred souls. most of those people were in the plains at a distance from the river as we passed down last fall, they had now therefore the gratification of beholding whitemen for the first time. while here they flocked arround us in great numbers tho' treated us with much rispect.

we gave two medals of the small size to their two principal Cheifs who were pointed out to us by our Chopunnish fellow traveller and were acknowledged by the nation. we exposed a few old clothes my dirk [a long, straight-bladed knife of a type carried by Scottish highlanders] and Capt. C's swoard to barter for horses but were unsuccessfull these articles constitute at present our principal stock in trade. the Pish-quit-pahs insisted much on our remaining with them all
night, but sudry reasons conspired to urge our noncomplyance with their wishes.

we passed one house or reather lodge of the Metcowwees about a mile above our encampment of the 20th of October last. the Pish-quit-pahs, may be considered hunters as well as fishermen as they spend the fall and winter months in that occupation. they are generally pleasently featured of statue and well proportioned. both women and men ride extreemly well. their bridle is usually a hair rope tyed with both ends to the under jaw of the horse, and their saddle consists of a pad of dressed skin stuffed with goats hair with wooden stirups. almost all the horses which I have seen in possession of the Indians have soar backs.

the Pishquitpah women for the most part dress with short shirts which reach to their knees long legings and mockersons, they also use large robes; they brade their hair as before discribed but the heads of neither male nor female of this tribe are so much flattened as the nations lower down on this river.

at 4 P. M. we set out accompanyed by eighteen or twenty of their young men on horseback. we continued our rout about nine miles where finding as many willows as would answer our purposes for fuel we encamped for the evening.

the country we passed through was much as that of yesterday. the river hills are about 250 feet high and generally abrupt and craggey in many places faced with a perpendicular and solid rock. this rock is black and hard. [The hard, black rock is basalt of the middle-upper Miocene Saddle Mountains Basalt Member of the Yakima Basalt Subgroup of the Columbia River Basalt Group] leve plains extend themselves from the tops of the river hills to a great distance on either side of the river. the soil is not as fertile as about the falls, tho' it produces a low grass on which the horses
feed very conveniently.

it astonished me to seed the order of their horses at this season of the year when I knew that they had wintered on the dry grass of the plains and at the same time road with greater severity than is common among ourselves. I did not see a single horses which could be deemed poor and many of them were as fat as seals. their horses are generally good.

this evining after we had encamped, we traded for two horses with nearly the same articles we had offered at the
village; these nags Capt. C. and myself intend riding ourselves; haveing now a sufficiency to transport with ease all
our baggage and the packs of the men.

we killed six ducks in the course of the day; one of them was of a speceis which I had never before seen [The
northern shoveler, Anas clypeata]
I therefore had the most material parts of it reserved as a specimine, the leggs are yellow and feet webbed as those of the duckandmallard. saw many common lizzards [brown lizard, the western fence lizard], several rattlesnakes [Northern Pacific rattlesnake, Crotalus viridus oreganus] killed by the party, they are the same as those common to the U' States. the horned Lizzard [pigmy horned lizard, Phrynosoma douglassi douglassi]
is also common.

had the fiddle played at the request of the natives and some of the men danced. we passed five lodges of the Wallh wollhs at the distance of 4 miles above the Pishquitpahs.

[The Shahaptian-language Walulas, or Walla Wallas, possessing numerous horses and apparently influenced by
plains culture, but also engaging in fishing. They were located on the lower Walla Walla River and on the Columbia River from the vicinity of present Umatilla, Umatilla County, Oregon to the confluence of the Snake River. The party encountered them on October 19, 1805, but were unable to spend any time at their villages.]

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Klickitat County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1825 Survivors of Failed Sierra Leone Colony Arrive at Cape Mesurado Sierra Leone Liberia African-American History Library of Congress
1831 Lion of the West, a Play About Davy Crockett Opens in New York City New York City Davy Crockett Westward Expansion Stage & Theater The History Channel
1835 The Mexican Congress Repeals All Land Colonization Laws to Reduce the Number of Anglos Receiving Grants in New Mexico and Texas Mexico New Mexico Texas Hispanic Heritage New Mexico Magazine
1838 Convention of Limits Settles Boundary Dispute Between U.S. and Republic of Texas Republic of Texas Historic U.S. Documents Texas State Historical Association
1851 Placer County, California Is Incorporated Placer County, California Learn California
1854 Walla Walla County, Washington, Is Created From a Portion of Skamania County Walla Walla County, Washington Walla Walla County, Washington History Link
1859 Ground Is Broken for the Suez Canal Suez Canal The History Channel
1861 500 Federal Troops Surrender to Confederate Forces At the Texas Port of Saluria in Calhoun County Calhoun County, Texas American Civil War Texas State Historical Association
1862 Union Admiral David Farragut Captures New Orleans New Orelans David Farragut Civil War Naval History The History Channel
1864 At Marks' Mills, Arkansas, Confederate Troops Capture a Union Supply Train and Massacre the African-Americans in the Party Arkansas Battle of Marks' Mills Death African-American Heritage The History Channel Encycloepdia of Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
President Lincoln Reviews 30,000 Troops on Their Way to Reinforce the Army of the Potomac President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1865 President Lincoln's Funeral Train Departs New York City After 120,000 File Past the Casket New York City Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln Railroad New York  Historical Society
Pope Pius IX Confers on Composer Franz Liszt the Title of "Abb" Franz Liszt Composers Pope Pius IX American Public Media
1866 Mississippi Women Observe First Memorial Day for Fallen Soldiers Mississippi Memorial Day Civil War Death Historic Firsts University of Virginia
1873 Eli Janney Receives Patent for Railroad Car Coupling Railroads Patents & Trademarks National Archives and Records Administration
1875 Three Black Seminole Scouts Earn the Medal of Honor Rescuing Their Commander from Comanches Texas Medal of Honor African American Military Figures Seminole Indians Texas State Historical Association
1884 Seminole County Is Created by the Florida Legislature Seminole County, Florida Seminole County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1894 650 Persons Begin March from Seattle to Washington, D.C. to Protest Joblessness Caused by Financial Panic Seattle, Washington Labor History Link
1898 The U.S. Declares War on Spain Spain Spanish-American War Library of Congress
The Iowa National Guard Is Mobilized for the Spanish-American War Spain Iowa Spanish-American War Iowa National Guard State Historical Society of Iowa
Indiana's Governor James A. Mount Issues an Urgent Call for Volunteers for the War with Spain Spain Indiana Spanish-American War Indiana Historical Society
Arkansas Is to Provide 125,000 Troops for the War with Spain Spain Arkansas Military Figures Spanish-American War Arkansas History Commission
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 New York Passes First Law Requiring License Plates for Cars ($1) New York Automobiles Historic Firsts New York Times
1905 The State of Arkansas Establishes a Reform School for Boys under 18 Years of Age Arkansas Education Education Crime Amazon.com (pdf) Arkansas History Commission
1912 Alaska Steamship Alameda Rams Seattle's Colman Dock, Toppling the Dock's Clock Tower Seattle, Washington Naval History History Link
1915 Allies Launch Misguided Large-scale Invasion of the Turkish-controlled Gallipoli Peninsula Australia New Zealand Turkey Battle of the Gallipoli Peninsula Australian War Memorial
1921 Dixie County Is Created by the Florida Legislature Dixie County, Florida Seminole County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1925 Alfieri Maserati's Drives His First Car, Tipo 26, to Victory in His First Race Auto Racing Maserati MyAutoWorld.com
A Mother's Recompense, by Edith Wharton, Is Published Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1926 Toscanini Conducts Debut of Puccini's Last Opera, Turandot Giacomo Puccini Composers Opera Operapaedia
1928 American Morris Frank Arrives in Switzerland to Train with First Seeing Eye Dog Blindness Dogs Historic Firsts Seeing Eye, Inc.
The Tamiami Trail Officially Opens Linking Tampa and Miami through the Florida Everglades Florida Florida Department of Transportation Florida Historical Society
1935 The Novel Pylon, by William Faulkner, Is Published William Faulkner American Authors Mississippi Writers
1944 The United Negro College Fund Is Established by Tuskegee President F. D. Patterson Alabama Edeucation Education African-American Heritage United Negro College Fund Tuskegee University Alabama State Archive
1945 Representatives of 50 Countries Meet in San Francisco to Draw Up UN Charter San Francisco World Government United Nations New York Times
U.S. Makes Final Industrial Bombing Run Against Skoda Arms Plant in Pilsen Nazi Germany World War II 398th Bomb Group Memorial Association
Allied and Russian Forces Completely Encircle Berlin Berlin World War II The History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Boston Celtics Make Chuck Cooper First African American Drafted into the NBA Basketball African-American History Historic Firsts NBA
1953 James Watson and Francis Crick Propose a Structure for DNA James Watson DNA 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine BBC
1954 Bell Labs Announces First Solar Battery Energy Sun Historic Firsts IEEE
1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway Opens to Shipping Canada United States Ships Canals & Waterways Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Mario Andretti Makes His Racing Debut at Nazareth, Pennsylvania Motor Speedway Pennsylvania Auto Racing Ward's Auto World The History Channel
1961 U.S. Launches Atlas Rocket to Test Mercury Spacecraft Systems Space Exploration NASA
Ernest Hemingway Is Hospitalized at the Mayo Clinic After Two Attempts at Suicide Ernest Hemingway American Authors Mental Health American Collection
1962 NASA Launches SA-2 Rocket to Test Effects of Release of Water on Radio Transmissions and Weather Space Exploration Water Radio Weather NASA
1964 William Westmoreland Is Appointed U.S. Commander in Vietnam President Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War The History Channel
1967 Britain Grants Right of Self Rule to Swaziland Swaziland Great Britain
Colorado Passes U.S. First Law Legalizing Abortion Colorado Abortion
Beatles Record " Magical Mystery Tour" at Abbey Road Studio in London The Beatles Popular Musicians Source
1971 Soviet Soyuz 10 Returns to Earth Earlier Than Expected After Docking with Salyut 1 Space Station Soviet Space Program Space Exploration Television News Archive
1982 British Marines Land in the Falkland Islands Argentina Great Britain War BBC
1983 Soviet Leader Andropov Writes Letter to American 5th-grader, Samantha Smith Yuri Andropov Samantha Smith Ronald Reagan Cold War The History Channel
1985 Roger Miller's Big River Opens on Broadway New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1988 Warner Books Pays $5M for Gone with the Wind Sequel <I>Gone with the Wind</I> Economics/Business The History Channel
1989 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Near the Coast of Guerrero, Mexico Kills 3 Mexico Earthquake Death USGS
Florida Father Released 21 Years after Wrongful Murder Conviction Florida Crime Law and Legal Resources The History Channel
1990 Space Shuttle Discovery Astronauts Deploy the Hubble Telescope Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA The History Channel
Violeta de Chamorro Is Inaugurated as the President of Nicaragua Nicaragua Political and Social Leaders Library of Congress New York Times
1991 The Secret Garden Premieres at the St. James Theatre, New York City Frances Hodgson Burnett New York City Plays Internet Broadway Database
1992 Islamic Forces Take Control of Afghanistan's Capital of Kabul Afghanistan Islam New York Times
7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Injures 98 in Southwestern Humboldt County, California Humboldt County, California Earthquake Humboldt County, California USGS
Final Episode of Who's the Boss Airs Television EPGuide
Final Episode of Growing Pains Airs Television TV Tome
1996 Georgia Declares English to be the Official Language of the State Georgia World Languages Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1997 Library of Congress Announces Receipt of the Ella Fitzgerald Collection Ella Fitzgerald Jazz Notable African Americans Library of Congress