for

South Africa South Africa

APRIL 27

South Africa South Africa
 
 
Freedom Day
Freedom Day
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which country gained its independence from France on this date in 1960? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who set baseball's career strikeout record on this date in 1983? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Madeline.com, in what year did Ludwig Bemelmans move to the United States? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:
ACCELERATOR SHAWL
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which country gained its independence from Ethiopia on this date in 1993? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, what words did Samuel F.B. Morse use to transmit the first telegraph message? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the White House, which college did Ulysses S. Grant attend? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Ludwig Bemelmans (according to KidsReads):
THE LAMINATED HEADBAND
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Gale Group, what is the title of Coretta Scott King's autobiography?

2. According to the Black Collegian, when did August Wilson adopt his mother's maiden name?

3. According to the International Boxing Hall of Fame, what was Rocky Marciano's career record as a professional boxer?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by August Wilson (according to the Writer's Almanac):
YIN JET
 
 
Samuel F.B. Morse
Samuel F.B. Morse
Born on This Date 1791

[Library of Congress]


The Telegraph

Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
Born on This Date 1822


American Civil War The American Presidency

Ludwig Bemelmans
Ludwig Bemelmans
Born on This Date 1898

[Madeline.com]

Primary Authors

Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
Born on This Date 1927


Civil Rights/Human Rights

August Wilson
August Wilson
Born on This Date 1945

[U. of Indianapolis]

Fences

 
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Sierra Leone: Independence Day
(Commemorates Independence from Great Britain: 04/27/1961)
Sierra Leone Great Britain BBC
South Africa: Freedom Day
(Commemorates the first free elections in the history of South Africa: 04/26-29/1994)
Freedom Day Apartheid
Togo: Independence Day
(Commemorates Independence from France: 04/27/1960)
Togo France AfricaTravelling.net
Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1898 Ludwig Bemelmans (Austrian-American Author Illustrator of the "Madeline" Books; Received the 1954 Caldecott Award) Ludwig Bemelmans Primary Children's Author Artists Caldecott Medal
1936 John Burningham (English Children's Author and Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author Artists
1918 Wendy Devlin (New York-born Children's Author and Illustrator) New York Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author Artists
1946 Nancy Shaw (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author
1954 Jan Hudson (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Readers
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1744 Nikolay Novikov (Russian Writer, Philanthropist and Social Critic) Russian Authors Philanthropy
1882 Jessie Fauset (New Jersey-born African-American Journalist) Jessie Fauset Journalism African-American Authors & Illustrators
1904 Cecil Day Lewis (Irish Poet) C.D. Lewis Poetry
1906 Alice Dunnigan (Kentucky-born African-American Journalist) Alice Dunnigan Journalism African-American Authors & Illustrators
1945 August Wilson (Pennsylvania-born African-American Playwright) August Wilson Plays African-American Authors & Illustrators 1987 Pulitzer Prize for Fences, 1990 Pulitzer Prize for The Piano Lesson 1987 Tony Award for Fences
Artists, Architects and Designers
1673 Claude Gillot (French Painter, Engraver and Theatrical Designer) French Artists Artists Stage and Theater
1899 Walter Lantz (New York-born Cartoonist, Creator of Woody Woodpecker) New York Artists Cartoons & Comics
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1840 Edward Whymper (English Artist and Mountaineer; First Man to Climb the Matterhorn) English Explorers Mountains
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1791 Samuel Morse (Massachusetts-born Painter and Developer of the Telegraph) Samuel Morse Artists Inventors & Inventions Telegraph
1875 Maurice de Broglie (French Scientist) French Scientists & Mathematicians Light
1896 Wallace Carothers (Iowa-born Chemist: Developed Nylon) Iowa Scientists & Mathematicians Nylon Inventors & Inventions
1913 Philip Hauge Abelson (Washington-born Physical Chemist) Washington State Scientists & Mathematicians Neptunium
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1843 Brother Ira Joseph Dutton (Wisconsin-born Trappist Monk, Humanitarian) Wisconsin Poliitcal and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Wisconsin Historical Society
Political and Social Leaders
1759 Mary Wollstonecraft (English Writer, Women's Rights Advocate) English Political & Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights Women
1820 Herbert Spencer (English Sociologist and Philosopher) English Political & Social Leaders Philosophy
1822 Ulysses S. Grant (Ohio-born General, 18th President of the United States) Ulysses S. Grant The American Presidency American Military Leaders American Civil War
1927 Coretta Scott King (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Leader; Wife of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.) Coretta Scott King Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1922 Jack Klugman (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1932 Anouk Aimée (Paris-born Actress) Parisian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography.com
Casey Kasem (Detroit-born Disc Jockey) Detroit Performing Artists Radio Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1959 Sheena Easton (Scottish Popular Singer) Scottish Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1896 Rogers Hornsby (Texas-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1521 Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese Explorer) Ferdinand Magellan Explorers Asian History
1813 Zebulon Pike (New Jersey-born Military Figure and Explorer: Namesake of Colorado's Pike's Peak) Zebulon Pike U.S. Military Leaders American Explorers Pike's Peak
1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson (Massachusetts-born Essayist and Poet) Ralph Waldo Emerson American Authors Poetry
1907 Rufus Bullock (New York-born Reconstruction Governor of Georgia) New York Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Reconstruction University of Georgia
1961 Kwame Nkrumah (First President of Ghana) Ghana Political and Social Leaders
1969 Rene Barrientos Ortuno (President of Bolivia) Bolivia Air Disasters
2002 Ruth Handler (Colorado-born Inventor of the Barbie Doll) Colorado Business Leaders Inventors & Inventions Barbie
2007 Mstislav Rostropovich (Azerbaijani Cellist, Conductor, Composer) Azerbaijan Composers Composers
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1509 Pope Julius II Julius II Dispatches Troops to Restore Order in Rebel Venice Italy Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia New York Times
1521 Portuguese Explorer Ferdinand Magellan Is Killed In the Philippines The Philippines Ferdinand Magellan Explorers Death History Channel Asian History
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1667 John Milton Enters into Agreement for Publication of Paradise Lost John Milton Poetry Economics & Business University of Wisconisn-Milwaukee History Channel
1688 England's James II Reissues His Declaration of Religious Indulgence Promising Freedom of Conscience English Political and Social Leaders James II Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1773 The British Tea Act Lowers the Tea Tax Giving the East India Company a Tea Monopoly in the Americas British Government Monopolies Taxes History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805 A Force Led by U.S. Marines Captures the City of Derna, on the Shores of Tripoli Tripoli History Channel
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning I walked through the point formed by the junction of the rivers; the woodland extends about a mile, when the rivers approach each other within less than half a mile; here a beatifull level low plain commences and
extends up both rivers for many miles, widening as the rivers recede from each other, and extending back half a mile to a plain about 12 feet higher than itself; the low plain appears to be a few inches higher than high water mark and of course will not be liable to be overflown; tho' where it joins the high plain a part
of the Missouri when at it's greatest hight, passes through a channel of 60 or 70 yards wide and falls into the yellowstone river. on the Missouri about 2½ miles from the entrance of the yellowstone river, and between this high and low plain, a small lake is situated about 200 yards wide extending along the edge of the high plain parallel with the Missouri about one mile. on the point of the high plain at the lower extremity of this lake I think would be the most eligible site for an establishment.

[The American Fur Company's Fort Union (1828), the Sublette and Campbell post Fort William (1832), and the military post of Fort Buford (1866), were all built, not in the point as Lewis proposed, but on the north side of the Missouri,
in Williams County, North Dakota, probably to avoid the flooding which Lewis noted.]

I continued my walk on shore; at 11 A. M. the wind became very hard from
N. W. insomuch that the perogues and canoes were unable either to proceede
or pass the river to me; I was under the necessity therefore of shooting a goose and cooking it for my dinner. the wind abated about 4 P. M. and the party proceeded tho' I could not conveniently join them untill night. altho' game is very abundant and gentle, we only kill as much as is necessary for food. I believe that two good hunters could conveniently supply a regiment with provisions.

for several days past we have observed a great number of buffaloe lying dead
on the shore, some of them entire and others partly devoured by the Wolves and bears. those anamals either drowned during the winter in attempting to pass the river on the ice during the winter or by swiming acrss at present to bluff banks which they are unable to ascend, and feeling themselves too weak to return remain and perish for the want of food; in this situation we met with several little parties of them.—

beaver are very abundant, the party kill several of them every day.

The Eagles, Magpies, and gees have their nests in trees adjacent to each other; the magpye particularly appears fond of building near the Eagle, as we scarcely see an Eagle's nest unaccompanyed with two or three Magpies nests within
a short distance.— The bald Eagle are more abundant here than I ever observed them in any part of the country.

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Roosevelt County, Montana
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning we were detained untill 9 A. M. in consequence of the absence of one of Charbono's horses. the horse at length being recovered we set out and & at the distance of fifteen miles passed through a country similar to that of yesterday; the hills at the extremity of this distance again approach the river and are rocky abrupt and 300 feet high.

we ascended the hill and marched through a high plain for 9 miles when we again returned to the river, I now thought it best to halt as the horses and men were much fatiegued altho had not reached the Wallah wollah village as we had been led to beleive by our guide who informed us that the village was at the place we should next return to the river,
and the consideration of our having but little provision had been our inducement to make the march we had made this morning.

we collected some of the dry stalks of weeds and the stems of a shrub which resembles the southern wood; made a small fire and boiled a small quantity of our meat on which we dined; while here the principal Cheif of the Wallahwallahs joined us with six men of his nation. this Cheif by name Yel-lept' had visited us on the morning of the 19 of October at our encampment a little below this place; we gave him at that time a small medal, and promised him a larger one on
our return. he appeared much gratifyed at seeng us return, invited us to remain at his village three or four days and assured us that we should be furnished with a plenty of such food as they had themselves; and some horses to assist us on our journey.

after our scanty repast we continued our march accompanyed by Yellept and his party to the village which we found at the distance of six miles situated on the N. side of the river at the lower side of the low country about 12 ms. below the entrance of Lewis's river. This Cheif is a man of much influence not only in his own nation but also among the neighbouring tribes and nations.—

This Village consists of 15 large mat lodges. at present they seem to subsist principally on a speceis of mullet which weigh from one to three lbs. and roots of various discriptions which these plains furnish them in great abundance. they also take a few salmon trout of the white kind.—

Yellept haranged his village in our favour intreated them to furnish us with fuel and provision and set the example himself by bringing us an armfull of wood and a platter of 3 roasted mullets. the others soon followed his example with rispect to fuel and we soon found ourselves in possession of an ample stock. they birn the stems of the shrubs in the plains there being no timber in their neighbourhood of any discription.

we purchased four dogs of these people on which the party suped heartily having been on short allowance for near two days. the indians retired when we requested them this evening and behaved themselves in every rispect extreemly well. the indians informed us that there was a good road which passed from the columbia opposite to this village to the entrance of the Kooskooske on the S. side of Lewis's river; they also informed us, that there were a plenty of deer and Antelopes on the road, with good water and grass. we knew that a road in that direction if the country would permit
would shorten our rout at least 80 miles. the indians also informed us that the country was level and the road good, under these circumstances we did not hesitate in pursuing the rout recommended by our guide whos information was corroberated by Yellept & others. we concluded to pass our horses over early in the morning.—


Clark:

made 31 miles to day—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Benton County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1818 Commissioners in Newly Formed Ripley County, Indiana Choose a County Seat and Name It Versailles After the French Palace Versailles, Indiana Palace Versailles Indiana Historical Society
1858 Abolitionist John Brown Meets with Quaker Friends at the Village of Springdale, Iowa Iowa John Brown Abolition State Historical Society of Iowa
1859 Abraham Lincoln Calls on Editor of "Central Illinois Gazette" in West Urbana (Champaign), Illinois Champaign, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Journalism City of Champaign Lincoln Papers
1861 President Lincoln Suspends Writ of Habeas Corpus Along Routes of Troop Movements Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Writ of Habeas Corpus Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Extends the Federal Blockade to Ports of North Carolina and Virginia North Carolina Virginia Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1864 Lincoln Congratulates Governor Murphy on the Successful Organization of Arkansas' State Government Arkansas Government Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
U.S.S. Honeysuckle Captures the British Schooner Miriam in the Gulf of Mexico Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1865 Steamer Sultana Explodes on the Mississippi, 1,400 Union Prisoners of War Die Mississippi River Sinking of the Sultana American Civil War Death History Channel Technology and Society Arkansas History Commission
U.S.S. Pontiac Is Dispatched From Florida Today to Prevent Jefferson Davis From Escaping to Cuba Cuba Florida Jefferson Davis Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1871 West Virginia Restores the Voting Rights of Confederate Supporters West Virginia Government Voting Rights American Civil War West Virginia Archives
1895 The Final Issue of O. Henry's Rolling Stone Newspaper Is Published in Austin, Texas Austin, Texas O. Henry American Authors Journalism Texas State Historical Association
1897 In New York City, over 1M People Attend the Parade and President McKinley's Ceremony Dedicating Grant's Tomb Grant's Tomb Ulysses S. Grant President William McKinley The American Presidency New York Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 W.E.B. DuBois' The Souls of Black Folk Is Published W.E.B. DuBois Literature African-American Social Leaders Library of Congress
1905 In Minnesota, the Aerial Bridge, Spanning the Duluth Ship Canal, Carries Its First Passengers Inside a Carriage Suspended From the Bridge's Framework Minnesota Bridges Minnesota Historical Society
Janesville, Wisconsin Teachers Demand Higher Wages from the School Board Janesville, Wisconsin Education Labor Economics Wisconsin Historical Society
1907 Tornado Kills 7 in Hemming, Texas, Destroying All But One Building in Town Texas Tornado Death Texas State Historical Association
1909 Sultan Abdul Hamid Is Deposed Three Days after Losing Control of Constantinople Turkey Classic Encyclopedia of 1911
Florida's House of Representatives Approves the Orange Blossom as the State's Official Flower Florida Orange Blossom Florida Historical Society
1916 British Attempt to Negotiate the Escape of Thousands of Troops Under Siege at the City of Kut-al-Amara British Military Figures Kut-al-Amara, Iraq World War I History Channel
1923 F. Scott Fitzgerald Publishes The Vegetable F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1933 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Homes From Their Foundations Near Anchorage, Alaska Anchorage, Alaska Earthquakes Anchorage, Alaska USGS
The Admiral Watson Leaves Seattle, Washington for Alaska, as the Last Ship to Sail for the Pacific Steamship Co. Seattle, Washington Alaska Steamboats Alaska Historical Society
1934 A Backward Glance by Edith Wharton is Published by D. Appleton and Company Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1936 The United Auto Workers (UAW) Separate From the American Federation of Labor (AFL) UAW AFL-CIO Labor Unions History Channel
1937 A Star Is Born Debuts A Star Is Born History Channel
1941 German Forces Enter Athens, Greece Athens, Greece Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1945 Russian and American Troops Link at the River Elbe in Germany Germany World War II BBC
Allies Rejects Peace Offer From German SS Chief Heinrich Himmler Heinrich Himmler World War II The Holocaust Project
Admiral Suzuki Kantaro Becomes Japan's Third Prime Minister within a Year Japanese Political and Social Leaders World War II Asian History
1947 An Ailing Babe Ruth Is Honored at Yankee Stadium Babe Ruth Baseball Hall of Fame New York Yankees New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Great Britain Recognizes the State of Israel Great Britain Israel Jewish Agency for Israel Concordia
The Communist-controlled National Catholic Church Is Created in Romania Romania Religion The Cold War Concordia
Eugene C. Barker Texas History Center Is Dedicated on the Campus of the University of Texas Austin, Texas Eugene C. Barker Texas History Center Texas State Historical Association
1951 General Douglas MacArthur Visits Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin Douglas MacArthur U.S. Military Figures Wisconsin Historical Society
1954 White Christmas Debuts, Starring Bing Crosby and Danny Kaye Bing Crosby White Christmas History Channel
1956 Rocky Marciano Retires As Undefeated World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano International Boxing Hall of Fame The New York Times
1960 Togo Gains Its Independence from France Togo France AfricaTravelling.net South African History
Religious Protesters Burn the Communist Party Headquarters in Nowa Huta, Poland Polish Government Religion The Cold War Concordia
1961 Sierra Leone Gains Its Independence from Great Britain Sierra Leone Great Britain BBC South African History
NASA Launches the Explorer 11 Satellite to Detecting Sources of High-energy Gamma Rays Space Exploration Solar Sytem NASA
1962 African Americans Picket the Beloit, Wisconsin Police, Department Demanding an African American Be Appointed to the Force Beloit Wisconsin Law Enforcement Labor African-American Heritage Wisconsin Historical Society
1963 In Wisconsin, the Dave Brubeck Quartet Performs at Beloit College Beloit Wisconsin Dave Brubeck Jazz Beloit College Wisconsin Historical Society
1965 The California Legislature Selects Gold as the State Mineral and Serpentine as the State Rock California Gold Geology Learn California
1966 Pennsylvania and New York Central Railroads Merge to Form Penn Central Railroad Railroads Business & Economics History Channel
1968 Vice President Humphrey to Seek Democratic Presidential Nomination Hubert Humphrey The American Presidency Elections U.S. Congress President Lyndon Johnson History Channel
Hundreds of Displaced Residents Protest Boston's Urban Renewal Program Boston, Massachusetts Housing Consumer Economics Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1969 Bolivian President Rene Barrientos Ortuno Is Killed in Helicopter Crash Bolivia Air Disasters Death CNN
1971 Protest Disrupts Welsh Language Trial Wales World Languages BBC
1973 During the Watergate Scandal, Acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray Resigns The Watergate Scandal The FBI Washington Post New York Times
1978 Afghanistan's President Daoud Overthrown by Procommunist Rebels Afghanistan Country Studies History Channel
1982 John W. Hinckley Jr. Goes on Trial for Shooting President Reagan President Ronald Reagan Crime Law & Legal Resources University of Missouri Kansas City New York Times
1983 Nolan Ryan Surpasses Walter Johnson's Career Strikeout Record Nolan Ryan Baseball Hall of Fame Walter Johnson Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1984 11-day Siege of the Libyan Embassy in London Ends Peacefully Libya Great Britain BBC
1986 Video Pirate Disrupts HBO Satellite Service with Personal Message History of Technology HBO Crime
1987 U.S. Bars Entry of Austrian President Kurt Waldheim for Nazi War Crimes Austrian Political and Social Leaders Nazi Germany War Crimes Reagan Library
1990 South African Communist, Joe Slovo, Ends 27-year Exile for Peace Talks South Africa CNN
1992 Serbia and Montenegro Adopt Constitution as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia U.S. Department of State New York Times
Zambia's National Soccer Team Perishes in Air Crash Off the Coast of Gabon Zambia Soccer Air Disasters Death CNN
British House of Commons Elects Its First Female Speaker Great Britain Women Historic Firsts BBC
1993 Eritrea Declares Independence from Ethiopia after 30 Years of Civil War Eritrea Ethiopia U.S. Department of State
China and Taiwan Open Two Days of High-level Talks in Singapore China Taiwan Singapore Taiwan Security Research
1994 First Multi-racial Elections Are Held in South Africa (Apr 26-29) South Africa Elections Historic Firsts Photius
1997 Hong Kong Opens the World's Longest Suspension Bridge Hong Kong Bridges Government of Hong Kong
2011 Tornados Kill 300+ and Destroy Hundreds of Homes Across 7 U.S. States Alabama Georgia Virginia Tornados Death National Public Radio