for

Labor Labor

APRIL 28

Labor Labor
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What is the name of the person who became the first space tourist on this date in 2001? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year on this date did the U.S. Department of Agriculture unveil its first Food Pyramid? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the White House, what statement did Thomas Jefferson make about James Monroe's honesty? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:
THE VERY BRAT
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who refused to be inducted into military service on this date in 1967? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the American Library Association, how old was Lois Duncan when she had her first story accepted for publication? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the BBC, what organization did Saddam Hussein join while a college student in Baghdad? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Lois Duncan book (according to the Books and Awards section of her official website):
SHALLOW GILL
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of St. Andrews, what is Kurt Gödel best known for?

2. According to the Chicago Public Library, who was Harper Lee's next door neighbor from 1928 to 1933?

3. According to the Norwegian Museum Network, what were the starting and ending points of the Kon-Tiki expedition in 1947?


Use all of these letters to spell the name of a musical great with whom Willie Colón collaborated (according to the Europe Jazz Network):
DABBLE NURSE
 
 

James Monroe
Born on This Date 1758

[The White House]

5th President of the United States


Kurt Gödel
Born on This Date 1906

[The Kurt Gödel Society]

Mathematician


Harper Lee
Born on This Date 1926

[Chebucto Community Net]

Author1961 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: To Kill a Mockingbird


Lois Duncan
Born on This Date 1934

[Carroll County Library, MD]

Young-adult Author

Willie Colon
Willie Colón
Born on This Date 1950

[LaMusica]

Popular Salsa Musician

 
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International Day of Mourning/Workers Memorial Day
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The Bahá'í Faith: Festival of Ridván
(sunset 4/21 - sunset 5/2: commemorates Baha'u'llah's 1863 stay in "Garden of Ridvan" as God's messenger.)
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(Observed annually on this date to celebrate 10 patriots of Barbados)
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Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1925 Barbara Juster Esbensen (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Wisconsin Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1934 Lois Duncan (Florida-born Children's Author) Lois Duncan Young-adult Authors
1935 Ben Shecter (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary-childrens Authors
1936 Brett Harvey (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1948 Virginia Kroll (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors and Illustrators Primary-childrens Authors
1950 Amy Hest (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary-childrens Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1764 Marie-Joseph Chenier (French Poet, Dramatist, Politician and Revolutionary) French Authors Poetry
1825 Dilue Rose Harris (Missouri-born Texas Memoirist) Missouri Authors Texas Authors Texas State Historical Association
1868 Bernie Babcock (Ohio-born Arkansas Author) Ohio Authors Arkansas Authors Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture Arkansas History Commission
1902 Johan Borgen (Norwegian Novelist, Dramatist, Essayist and Short-Story Writer) Norwegian Authors
1922 Alistair MacLean (Scottish Author) Alistair MacLean
1926 Harper Lee (Alabama-born Author of To Kill a Mockingbird) Harper Lee 1961 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: To Kill a Mockingbird
1934 Diane Johnson (Illinois-born Novelist) Illinois Authors and Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1950 Carolyn Forché (Detroit-born Poet) Carolyn Forché Poetry
1960 Ian Rankin (Irish Author) Ian Rankin
Artists, Architects, Designs and Photogrpahers
1914 Eric Salomon (German Photographer; a Founder of Photojournalism) Eric Salomon Photography Journalism
1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini (Italian Car Manufacturer) Ferruccio Lamborghini Automobiles
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1854 Henry Philemon Attwater (English-born Texas Naturalist) English Scientists and Mathematicians Texas Scientists and Mathematicians Texas State Historical Association
1906 Bart Jan Bok (Dutch-born American Astronomer; Expert on the Milky Way) Dutch Scientists and Mathematicians Astronomy
Kurt Gödel (Austrian-born American Mathematician and Logician) Kurt Gödel Logic
Military Leaders
1810 Daniel Ullmann (Delaware-born Union General) Delaware Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
Political and Social Leaders
1442 Edward IV, King of England British Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Historic UK
1758 James Monroe (Virginia-born Fifth President of the United States) Virginia Political and Social Leaders James Monroe The American Presidency
1838 Tobias Asser (Dutch Jurist; Awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize for Peace for the Hague Treaties) Dutch Political and Social Leaders 1911 Nobel Prize for Peace
1853 William Wright Heard (Governor of Louisiana: 1900-1904) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1937 Saddam Hussein (Dictator of Iraq) Saddam Hussein 1991 Gulf War 2003 Liberation of Iraq
Performing Artists
1878 Lionel Barrymore (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Lionel Barrymore Actors Film
1884 Henry Reed (West Virginia-born Master Fiddler, Banjoist, and Harmonica Player) Henry Reed Country Musicians
1929 Carolyn Jones (Texas-born Actress: Morticia Addams on the Addams Family) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1941 Ann-Margret (Swedish-born American Actress) Ann-Margret Actors Film
1950 Jay Leno (New York-born Comedian and Host of the Tonight Show) New York Performing Artists Television Biography.com
Willie Colón (New York City-born Latin-American Trombonist, Composer, Singer, Musical Director) Willie Colón Folk & Ethnic Musicians Latin-American Performing Artists
1974 Penelope Cruz (Spanish-born Actress) Spanish Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
1981 Jessica Alba (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Film Latin-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1894 Young Loften Gerdine Harris (Benefactor and Namesake of Georgia's Young Harris College) Georgia Education Education Young Harris College University of Georgia
1910 Edouard (Joseph Louis-Marie) van Beneden (Belgian Embryologist and Cytologist) Belgian Scientists & Mathematicians Cells Genetics IntelliHealth
Edward Porter Alexander (Georgia-born Confederate General, Businessman, and Historian) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War Georgia Authors University of Georgia
1945 Benito Mussolini (Italian Dictator: Executed) Benito Mussolini World War II BBC History Channel
1978 Sardar Mohammad Daoud (President of Afghanistan) Afghanistan
1993 Jim Valvano (New York City-born Basketball Coach) New York City Sports Figures Basketball
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1758 Native Americans Kill and Capture More Than 40 Settlers at Fort Seybert, Virginia (Now West Virginia) West Virginia Colonial Virginia Native American Heritage Death West Virginia Archive
1770 Captain James Cook Is the First European to Arrive At Australia's Botany Bay Australia Captain James Cook Naval History Sutherland Shire Environment Centre Historic UK
1787 Georgia and South Carolina Commissioner Sign Convention of Beaufort Resolving Boundary Conflicts Georgia South Carolina Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1788 Maryland Becomes the Seventh State with Ratification of the U.S. Constitution Maryland U.S. History U.S. Constitution Yale University New York Times
1789 Fletcher Christian Leads Mutiny on the HMS Bounty HMS Bounty Naval History History Channel Concordia Writer's Almanac
Historic Events that occurred 1800-1899 on this date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Set out this morning at an early hour; the wind was favourable and we employed our sails to advantage. Capt. Clark walked on shore this morning, and I proceeded with the party. the country through which we passed today is open
as usual and very broken on both sides near the river hills, the bottoms are
level fertile and partially covered with timber. the hills and bluffs exhibit their usual mineral appearances, the woods are now green,

we saw great quantities of game today; consisting of the common and mule deer, Elks, Buffaloe, and Antelopes; also four brown bear, one of which was fired on and wounded by one of the party but we did not get it; the beaver have cut great quantities of timber; saw a tree nearly 3 feet in diameter that had been felled by them. Capt. Clark in the course of his walk killed a Deer and a goose; & saw three black bears;

he thinks the bottoms are not so wide as they have been for some days past.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Roosevelt County, Montana
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning early the Great Chief Yel lip pet brought a very eligant white horse to our Camp and presented him to me Signifying his wish to get a kittle but being informed that we had already disposed of every kittle we could possibly Spare he Said he was Content with what ever I thought proper to give him. I gave him my Swoard, 100 balls & powder and Some Small articles of which he appeared perfectly Satisfied.

it was necessary before we entered on our rout through the plains where we were to meet with no lodges or resident Indians that we Should lay in a Stock of provisions and not depend altogether on the gun. we derected R. Frazer to whome we have intrusted the duty of makeing the purchases, to lay in as maney fat dogs as he could procure; he
Soon obtained 10. being anxious to depart we requested the Cheif to furnish us with Canoes to pass the river, but he
insisted on our remaining with him this day at least, that he would be much pleased if we would consent to remain two or 3 days, but he would not let us have Canoes to leave him this day. that he had Sent for the Chim-na-pums
[Also called Chimnapams, presently known as the Yakimas] his neighbours to come down and join his people this evening and dance for us.

We urged the necessity of our proceeding on imediately in order that we might the Sooner return to them, with the articles which they wishd. brought to them but this had no effect, he Said that the time he asked Could not make any Considerable difference. I at length urged that there was no wind blowing and that the river was consequently in good order to pass our horses and if he would furnish us with Canoes for that purpose we would remain all night at our present encampment, to this proposition he assented and Soon produced a Canoe.

I Saw a man who had his knee Contracted who had previously applyed to me for Some Medisene, that if he would fournish another Canoe I would give him Some Medisene. he readily Consented and went himself with his Canoe by means of which we passed our horses over the river Safely and hobbled them as usial—.

We found a Sho Sho ne woman, prisoner among those people by means of whome and Sah-cah gah-weah, Shabono's wife we found means of Converceing with the Wallahwallârs. we Conversed with them for Several hours and fully Satisfy all their enquiries with respect to our Selves and the Object of our pursute. they were much pleased.

they brought Several disordered persons to us for whome they requested Some Medical aid. one had his knee contracted by the Rhumitism (whome is just mentioned above) another with a broken arm &c. to all of whome we administered much to the gratification of those pore wretches, we gave them Some eye water [eye wash included white vitriol (zinc sulphate) and sugar of lead (lead acetate)] which I believe will render them more esential Sirvece than any other article in the Medical way which we had it in our power to bestow on them Sore eyes Seam to be a universial Complaint among those people; I have no doubt but the fine Sands of those plains and the river Contribute much to
the disorder. The man who had his arm broken had it loosely bound in a peice of leather without any thing to Surport it. I dressed the arm which was broken Short above the wrist & Supported it with broad Sticks to keep it in place, put in
a Sling and furnished him with Some lint bandages &c. to Dress it in future.

a little before Sun Set the Chim nah poms arrived; they were about 100 men and a fiew women; they joined the Wallah wallahs who were about 150 men and formed a half Circle arround our camp where they waited verry patiently to See
our party dance. the fiddle was played and the men amused themselves with danceing about an hour. we then requested the Indians to dance untill 10 at night. the whole assemblage of Indians about 350 men women and Children Sung and danced at the Same time. most of them danced in the Same place they Stood and mearly jumped up to the time of their musick. Some of the men who were esteemed most brave entered the Space around which the main body were formed in Solid Column and danced in a Circular manner Side wise. at 10 P M. the dance ended and the nativs retired; they were much gratified in Seeing Some of our Party join them in their dance.

one of their party who made himself the most Conspicious Character in the dance and Songs, we were told was a Medesene man & Could foretell things. that he had told of our Comeing into their Country and was now about to
Consult his God the moon if what we Said was the truth &c. &c

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Benton County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1849 James M. Goodhue Publishes the First Issue of the Minnesota Pioneer, the Territory's First Newspaper Minnesota Media Journalism Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1850 In California, the Placer Times Is First Published Placer County, California Journalism Historic Firsts Learn California
1858 A Contest for Design of a Central Park in New York City Awards First Prize and $2000 to Architect Frederick Law Olmsted Central Park Frederick Law Olmsted Architecture New York Historical Society
1861 Two Federal Soldiers Desert Florida's Fort Pickens and Surrender to Confederate Authorities Florida American Civil War Forts Florida Historical Society
1863 President Lincoln Assures the Governor of Pennsylvania That an Attack on His State Unlikely Pennsylvania President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1881 In New Mexico, Billy the Kid Kills Two Deputies and Escapes From the Lincoln County Courthouse Lincoln County, New Mexico Bill the Kid Crime Notorious Americans Death New Mexico Magazine
1885 Rollins College, Florida's Oldest Institution of Higher Education, Is Established in Sanford Florida Education Education Rollins College Florida Historical Society
1891 African-American George Toliver (PA) Receives U.S. Patent #451,086 for a Ship Propeller Pennsylvania Scientists & Inventors Copyrights and Patents Patent #451,085 Naval History African American Scientists & Inventors African American Registry
1896 In Washburn, Wisconsin, John L. Sullivan and His Fellow Pugilist Paddy Ryan Meet in a "Friendly" 3-round Bout Washburn, Wisconsin John L. Sullivan Boxing Hall of Fame Wisconsin Historical Society
1897 Chickasaw and Choctaw Tribes Give Up Ownership of Land Promised Them in Oklahoma Oklahoma Chickasaw Indians Choctaw Indians History Channel
1898 The Townsite of Council City on Alaska's Seward Peninsula Is Staked and a Mining District Is Formed Alaska Business Alaska Historical Society
1899 Several Large Phosphate Deposits Are Discovered within the City Limits of Bartow, Florida Bartow, Florida Chemistry Florida Institute of Phosphate Research Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 The Touchstone by Edith Wharton Is Published by Scribner's in New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1903 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2,000 in Turkey Turkey Earthquakes Death USGS
1915 The International Congress of Women Convenes at The Hague, Netherlands to Promote World Peace The Netherlands Women World War I History Channel
1917 Flagler County Is Created by the Florida Legislature in Honor of Railroad Entrepreneur Henry Flagler Flagler County, Florida Railroad Flagler County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1919 The Covenant of the League of Nations Is Presented to the Delegates The League of Nations World History League of Nations South African History
1925 T.S. Eliot Leaves Bank Clerk Job to Be a Publishing Editor T.S. Eliot American Authors History Channel
1928 F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Scandal Detectives," Is Published in the Saturday Evening Post F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors Journalism American Collection
1941 The James Whitcomb Riley, a New York Central Train, Begins Its Regular Run Between Chicago and Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio Chicago, Illinois Indiana James Whitcomb Riley Railroads Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1945 Benito Mussolini Is Executed by Forces of the Italian Resistance Benito Mussolini World War II Death BBC History Channel
1947 Thor Heyerdahl and 5 Others Begin a Pacific Ocean Crossing on Raft, Kon-Tiki Thor Heyerdahl Peru Polynesia Naval History Norwegian Museum Network
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 War with Japan Officially Ends as Treaty with 48 Countries Takes Effect Japan World War II Historic World Documents New York Times
1955 Michigan Makes the White Pine the Official State Tree Michigan The White Pine State of Michigan
1960 French President Charles de Gaulle Visits New Orleans Charles de Gaulle New Orleans Louisiana Secretary of  State
A Titan ICBM Is Successfully Launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida Cape Canaveral, Florida U.S. Military Florida Historical Society
1965 US Troops Sent to Dominican Republic to Prevent Return of Exiled Juan Bosch Dominican Republic President Lyndon Johnson History Channel
1966 Red Auerbach Retires as Head Coach of the Boston Celtics Boston, Massachusetts New York Sports Figures Basketball NBA Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1967 Muhammad Ali Refuses to be Inducted into the Army Muhammad Ali Civil Rights Vietnam War African American History
1969 French President Charles de Gaulle Resigns Charles de Gaulle History Channel BBC
1970 President Nixon Authorizes U.S. Troops to Move into Cambodia from South Vietnam Cambodia President Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
1977 Leaders of the German Terrorist Baader-Meinhof Gang Are Sentenced to Life Imprisonment Germany Terrorism Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1978 Deposed Afghanistan President Daoud Murdered by Procommunist Rebels Afghanistan Death Country Studies
1980 President Carter Accepts Resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance President Jimmy Carter Iran Hostage Crisis Society of Historians of American Foregin Relations New York Times
1983 Alice Walker's The Color Purple Receives the American Book Award for Fiction Alice Walker American Authors African-American Authors University of Georgia
1990 The Musical ''A Chorus Line'' Closes after 6,137 Performances on Broadway New York City Musical Theater The Internet Broadway Database
1991 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-39) for a Defense Department Mission Space Shuttle U.S. Military NASA
1992 The U.S. Department of Agriculture Unveils Its First "Food Pyramid" The Food Pyramid New York Times
1994 Former CIA Official Aldrich Ames Sentenced to Life without Parole for Espionage The CIA Law and Legal Resources The Cold War FBI BBC
1995 The Last Chevrolet Corvette ZR1 Is Produced Automobiles National Corvette Museum
1996 President Clinton Gives 4+ hours of Videotaped Testimony on Whitewater Affair President Bill Clinton Law and Legal Resources CNN
Historic Events that have occurred  on this date from 2000 - present
2001 American, Dennis Tito, Is First Space Tourist Aboard Russians Soyuz TM Russian Space Program Space Exploration Business and Economics Historic Firsts BBC