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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Whose birth date is celebrated as a holiday in the Netherlands on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which kind of tree do Swiss lovers traditionally plant on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Houghton-Mifflin, in what subject does Dorothy Hinshaw Patent have a Ph.D.? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:

1. What is the name of the railroad engineer who died on this date in 1900? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to a National Basketball Hall of Fame, in which year was Isiah Thomas the NBA Rookie of the Year? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to PBS, from which art institute did Ellis Wilson graduate in 1923? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, poet or writer born on this date:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to ESPN, how many movies had Kirsten Dunst made by the time she was 19?

2. According to his biography from the University of St. Andrews, which university did Carl Friedrich Gauss attend from 1795 to 1798?

3. According to the BBC, in what language was The Diary of Anne Frank first published?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Ellis Wilson (according to Kentucky Educational Television):

Carl Friedrich Gauss
Born on This Date 1777

[Karl Zeiss Germany]


Ellis Wilson
Born on This Date 1899


American Artists

Dorothy Hinshaw Patent
Born on This Date 1940

[Official Website]

Young-adult Author Science, Animals, Insects

Isiah Thomas
Born on This Date 1961

[Indiana University]

Basketball Player and Coach

Kirsten Dunst
Born on This Date 1982



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Bahá'í: Festival of Ridván
(sunset 4/20 - sunset 5/2: Baha'u'llah's 12 days of revelations of Bab)
Bahá'í Faith Bahá'í Academics Resource Library
Finland: Vappu Eve (Evening before May Day)
(Observed the evening of April 30 and May 1)
Vappu Day World Travel Guide
The Netherlands: Koninginnedag (Queen's Birthday)
(Commemorates the birth date of Queen Juliana: 04/30/1909)
Netherlands Official Web Site
Paraguay: Teachers' Day
(Observed on this date annually since 1915)
Paraguay Education Teacher Appreciation
Sweden: Valborg's Eve
(Celebration of spring with bonfires)
Valborg's Eve
Switzerland: Maitag Vorabend
(Celebration in which lovers plant a pine tree in their sweetheart's yard)
Switzerland Google
United States: Admission Day, State of Louisiana
(Commemorates Louisiana's admission as the 18th state: 04/30/1812)
Louisiana U.S. History New York Times
Vietnam: Victory Day
(Commemorates the 1975 surrender of South Vietnam to North Vietnam - observed on Mondays)
Vietnam Vietnam War U.S. Department of State
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1892 Maria Leach (New York City-born Children's Author, Folklorist) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors Folklore and Myth
1906 Ross E. Hutchins (Montana-born Entomologist Children's Science Author) Montana Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Insects Science
1922 Barbara Corrigan (Massachusetts-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Massachusetts Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Art
1928 Jean Burt Polhamus (Mississippi-born Children's Author) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Dinosaurs
1936 Harriet Sobol (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1938 Kirkpatrick Hill (Alaska-born Children's Author) Alaska Authos & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Simon & Schuster
1940 Dorothy Hinshaw Patent (Minnesota-born Children's Science Author) Dorothy Hinshaw Patent Young-adult Authors Biology Animals Insects
1942 Joan Sandin (Arizona-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Arizona Art Young-adult Authors The Authors' Guild
1947 Kit Pearson (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors Young-adult Authors Canadian Society of Children's Authors St. Joseph's Intermediate Schools Library of Canada
1956 Janet Morgan Stoeke (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors Primary Children's Authors Children's Literature
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1877 Alice B. Toklas (California-born Writer) California Writers
1883 Jaroslav Hašek (Czech Novelist, Humorist, Storyteller, Journalist) Jaroslav Hašek
1888 John Crowe Ransom (Tennessee-born Poet, Critic) John Crowe Ransom Poetry
1914 Vermont Royster (North Carolina-born Pulitzer-Prize-Winning (1953, 1984) Journalist, Editor of The Wall Street Journal) North Carolina Authors Pulitzer Prize New York Times Wall Street Journal
1938 Larry Niven (Los Angeles-born Science Fiction Writer) California Writers
1945 Annie Dillard (Pennsylvania-born Poet, Critic, Nature Writer) Annie Dillard Poetry 1975 Pulitzer Prize for Non-fiction: Pilgrim at Tinker Creek
Artists, Architects, Designs and Photogrpahers
1881 Julian Abele (Pennsylvania-born African-American Architect) Pennsylvania Artists & Designers African-American Artists Architecture
1899 Ellis Wilson (Kentucky-born African-American Artist) Ellis Wilson American Artists African American Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1870 Franz Lehar (Hungarian Composer of "The Merry Widow") Hungarian Composers Composers Opera
1916 Robert Shaw (California-born American Choral and Orchestra Conductor ) California Performing Artists
1939 Ellen Taaffe Zwilich (Florida-born Composer; First Women to Receive the Pulitzer Prize for Music) Florida Composers American Composers 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Music Florida Historical Society
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1770 David Thompson (English Explorer of Western Canada) English Explorers Canada North American Explorers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1777 Carl Friedrich Gauss (German Mathematician) Carl Friedrich Gauss Calculus
1857 Eugen Bleuler (Swiss Psychiatrist Who Pioneered Study of Schizophrenics) Swiss Scientists & Mathematicians
1901 Simon Kuznets (Russian-American Economist, Statistician; 1971 Nobel Laureate for Economics) Russian Scientists and Mathematicians Economist Statistics & Probability 1971 Nobel Laureate for Economics New York Times
1902 Theodore Schultz (South Dakota-born Economist; 1979 Nobel Laureate for Economics) South Dakota Scientists and Mathematicians Economist 1979 Nobel Laureate for Economics New York Times
1916 Claude Elwood Shannon (Michigan-born Mathematician, Electrical Engineer Who Laid the Theoretical Foundations for Digital Circuits and Information Theory) Michigan Scientists and Mathematicians Mathematics History of Technology Encyclopedia Britannica Center for the Study of Technology and Society
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1771 Hosea Ballou (New Hampshire-born Theologian) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Theologians
Political and Social Leaders
1662 Mary II, Queen of England) English Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Greenwich Guide
1867 Burton Mossman (Illinois-born Arizona Ranger) Illinois Social & Political Leaders Arizona Social & Political Leaders Westward Expansion Arizona Rangers History Channel
1893 Joachim von Ribbentrop (German Foreign Minister under the Nazi Regime: 1933-45) German Political and Social Leaders Nazi Germany New York Times
1909 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands Dutch Political and Social Leaders
1946 King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden Swedish Political and Social Leaders
1958 Mbhazima Shilowa (South-African Labor and Political Leader) South African Political and Social Leaders Labor South African History
Performing Artists
1896 Gary Davis (South Carolina-born African-American Blues Guitarist) South Carolina Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists
1908 Eve Arden (California-born Actress: "Our Miss Brooks") Eve Arden Actors Film Television
1910 Al Lewis (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television
1926 Cloris Leachman (Iowa-born Actress) Iowa Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1933 Willie Nelson (Texas-born Country Singer, Songwriter) Texas Performing Artists Country Musicians Writer's Almanac
1940 Burt Young (New York City-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1943 Bobby Vee (North Dakota-born Popular Singer) North Datoka Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1944 Jill Clayburgh (New York City-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1973 Jeff Timmons (Ohio-born Popular Musician) Ohio Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1982 Kirsten Dunst (New Jersey-born Actress) Kirsten Dunst Actors Film
Sports Figures
1961 Isiah Thomas (Chicago-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Isiah Thomas African-American Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1825 William McIntosh (Georgia-born Creek Chieftain) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Creek Indians University of Georgia
1900 Casey Jones (Kentucky-born Railroad Engineer) Casey Jones Railroads Notorious Americans Writer's Almanac Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1936 A. E. Housman (English Poet) A. E. Housman Poetry
1945 Eva Braun and Adolph Hitler (Nazi German Dictator and His Wife of 48 Hours) Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II Historic UK History Channel
1974 Agnes Moorehead (Massachusetts-born Actress) Massachusetts Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1983 George Balanchine (Russian-American Dancer, Choreographer) George Balanchine Dance Ballet Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1598 Mexican Frontiersman, Juan de Ońate, Reaches the Rio Grande River After Days Without Water in the Chihuahua, Mexico Badlands Mexican Explorers New Mexico North American Explorers Hispanic Heritage New Mexcio Magazine
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1675 An Expedition Leaves Mexico's Nuestra Seńora de Guadalupe Mission to Convert the Indians of South Central Texas to Christianity Mexico Texas Native American Heritage Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1774 In West Virginia's Present-day Hancock County, White Settlers Murder Nine Unarmed Members of Chief Logan's Family Hancock County, West Virginia Mingo Indians Crime Death Virginia Historical Society West Virginia State Archives
1789 In New York's Federal Hall, George Washington Is Inaugurated as the First President of the United States Federal Hall First Inauguration The American Presidency Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac Library of Congress History Channel
1798 The U.S. Navy Is Created by an Act of Congress U.S. Congress Naval History U.S. Navy National Archives
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803 U.S. & France Sign the Treaty Finalizing the Louisiana Purchase France The Louisiana Purchase PBS History Channel Florida Historical Society Minnesota Historical Society Arkansas History Commission
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning we had Some dificuelty in Collecting our horses notwithstanding we had hobbled & Picqueted those we obtained of those people. we purchased two other horses this morning and 4 dogs. we exchanged one of our most indeferent horses for a very good one with the Choponnish man who has his family with him.

this man has a doughter now arived at the age of puberty who being in a certain Situation—is not permited to acoiate with the family but Sleeps at a distance from her father's Camp, and when traveling follows at Some distance behind. in this State I am informed that the female is not permited to eat, nor to touch any article of a culinary nature or manly occupation.

at 10 A. M. we had Collected all our horses except the White horse which Yelleppit the Great Chief had given me. the whole of the men haveing returned without being able to find this hors. I informed the chief and he mounted Capt Lewis's horse and went in Serch of the horse himself. about half an hour after the Chopunnish man brought my horse. we deturmined to proceed on with the party leaving one man to bring up Capt L.—s horse when Yelleppit Should return.

We took leave of those honest friendly people the Wallah wallahs and departed at 11 A. M. accompanied by our guide and the Chopunnish man and family. we Continued our rout N. 30° E. 14 ms. through an open leavel Sandy Plain to a bold Creek 10 yards wide. this stream is a branch of the Wallahwallah river, and takes it's rise in the same range of mountains to the East of the main branch. deep and has a bold Current. there are maney large banks of pure Sand which appear to have been drifted up by the wind to the hight of 20 or 30 feet, lying in maney parts of the plains through which we passed to day. This plain as usial is covered with arromatic Shruubs, hurbatious plants and tufts of Short grass. Maney of those plants produce those esculent roots which forms a principal part of the Subsistance of the Nativs. among others there is one which produce a root Somewhat like the Sweet potato. We encamped at the place we intersepted the Creek where we had the pleasure once more to find a Sufficency of wood for the purpose of makeing ourselves comfortable fires, which has not been the Case Since we left Rock fort Camp below the falls.

Drewyer killed a beaver and an otter.

the narrow bottoms of this Creek is fertile. tho' the plains are pore & Sandy. the hills of the Creek are general abrupt and rocky. there is Some timber on this Creek. it consists of Cotton wood, birch, the Crimson haw, red willow, Sweet willow, Choke Cherry, yellow Current, goose berry, white berried honey suckle, rose bushes, Seven bark, Shoemate &c. &c. rushes in Some pats of the bottoms.

R. Fields over took us with Capt Lewis's horse our Stock of horses have now increased to 23 and most of them excellent young horses, but much the greatest part of them have Sore backs. those Indians are cruel horse masters; they ride hard and their Saddles illey constructed. &c. &c.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Walla Walla County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 Louisiana is the 18th State Admitted to the Union Louisiana U.S. History New York Times
1838 Nicaragua Declares Its Independence from the Central American Federation Nicaragua Organization of American States
1845 On a Vote of 90-79, the Wisconsin Legislature Adopts a "Free" Education for State Residents Wisconsin Education Economics Law Wisconsin Historical Association
1853 Troops From the U.S. Sixth Infantry Begin Constructing Fort Ridgely to Watch over the Dakota Reservation in the Minnesota River Valley Minnesota Dakota Indians Forts Minnesota Historical Association
1856 The First Convention of the California Republican Party Is Held in Sacramento Sacramento, California California Republican Party Historic Firsts Learn Califronia
1859 The First of 31 Weekly Episodes of Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities Is Published Charles Dickens British Authors Victorian Web
1861 Three Potawatomi Indians Meet with President Lincoln Potawatomi Indians President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
John Archibald Campbell Resigns from the U.S. Supreme Court to Serve the Confederacy as Assistant Secretary of War Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court American Civil War University of Georgia
1863 At Day's Gap, Confederate Forces Begin Four Days of Battles That Will End Union Colonel Abel Steight's Raid Across North Alabama Alabama Steight's Raid National Park Service Alabama State Archives
1864 Fighting in Knee-Deep Water, Union Troops Fend Off Confederate Attacks to Cross the Saline River at Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas Battle at Jenkins Ferry History Channel Arkansas History Commission
President Lincoln Liberates 26 Sioux Indians from Camp McClellan, Iowa Iowa Sioux Indians President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Meets with Women's Rights Leader Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton President Abraham Lincoln Women Lincoln Logs
In Delaware, the First Horse-Drawn Streetcars Run on the Tracks of the Wilmington City Railway Wilmington, Delaware Transportation Horses Historic Firsts STate of Delaware
1865 President Lincoln's Funeral Train Arrives in Indianapolis, Indiana Where 100,000 Will View His Coffin at the State Capitol Indianapolis, Indiana Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln Railroad Indiana  Historical Society
1867 The San Francisco Alta California Publishes "Cruelty to Animals: The Histrionic Pig," by Mark Twain Mark Twain American Authors Journalism American Collection
1881 Billy the Kid Kills Two Deputies and Escapes from the Mesilla, New Mexico Jail Mesilla, New Mexcio Billy the Kid Crime Notorious Americans Death Library of Congress
1888 Hailstorm Kills 246 in Moradabad, India India Storms Death History Channel
1889 George Washington Bridge Opens, Linking New York City & New Jersey New York City New Jersey George Washington Bridges Washington Heights & Inwood Online
Cecil John Rhodes Applies for a Charter to Establish the British South Africa Company South Africa British Business Leaders Business South African History
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Hawaii Is Organized As a U.S. Territory Hawaii United States History New York Times
Casey Jones Dies in a Train Wreck Near Vaughan, Mississippi Casey Jones Railroads Notorious Americans Death Writer's Almanac Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1901 In Minnesota, Charles Joy Makes the First Automobile Ascent of St. Paul's Selby Hill at a Speed of 8-10 mph St. Paul, Minnesota Automotives Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Association
1903 The Florida Legislature Approves the Incorporation of the Town of Wauchula Wauchula, Florida Florida Historical Society
John Olmsted Arrives in Seattle, Washington to Design City Parks Seattle City Parks Parks History Link
1904 Edith Wharton's The Descent of Man and Other Stories Is Published by Scribner's in New York Edith Wharton American Authors Journalism American Collection
1910 Interurban Rail Service Is Begun Between the Washington Cities of Everett and Seattle Washington Transportation History Link
Two People Die When an Interurban Streetcar Strikes a Runaway Coal Car in Washington's Rainier Valley South of Seattle Washington Transportation Death History Link
1913 The Alaska Pioneers' Home Bill Is Approved by Governor Walter Clark Alaskan Government Alaska Historical Society
1915 Broward County Is Created by the Florida Legislature in Honor of Governor Napoleon Bonaparte Broward Broward County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1916 The Delaware National Guard Is Sent to Deming, New Mexico in Pursuit of Pancho Villa Pancho Villa Delaware Deming, New Mexico Delaware National Guard State of Delaware
1917 The Battle of the Boot Ends the British Samarra Offensive Against the Turks North of Baghdad Iraq Turkey Great Britain World War II History Channel
1921 Michigan Daredevil, Annie Edson Taylor, Is the First Person to Survive a Ride over Canada's Niagara Falls in a Barrel Niagara Falls Historic Firsts Notorious Americans Bay Journal Niagara Falls Public Library State of Michigan
1927 Douglas Fairbanks & Mary Pickford Are First to Leave Footprints at Grauman's Douglas Fairbanks Mary Pickford Actors Film Mann Theaters
First U.S. Federal Prison for Women Opens in Alderson, West Virginia Alderson, West Virginia Women Prisons Historic Firsts Official Web Site History Channel
William Faulkner's Novel Mosquitoes Is Published William Faulkner American Authors Missisippi Writers
1930 William Faulkner Publishes "A Rose for Emily" in Forum William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Missisippi Writers
1935 U.S. Patent #2,000,000 Is Issued Joseph Ledwinka for Vehicle Wheel Construction Patents & Trademarks Automotives USPTO
1939 The New York's World's Fair Opens to the Public to Commemorate Presdient Washington's 1789 Inauguration at Federal Hall New York City Writer's Almanac New York State Historical Society
Franklin Roosevelt Makes the First Televised Presidential Address at the New York World's Fair President Franklin Roosevelt American Presidency Television Historic Firsts MZTV Museum of Television
1942 The Submarine Peto Is Launched Sideways into the Wisconsin's Manitowoc River Wisconsin Naval History Wisconsin Historical Association
1945 Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun Commit Suicide in Hitler's Bunker Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II Death Historic UK History Channel
Arthur Godfrey Show Debuts on Television Television History Channel
1947 President Harry Truman Signs Measure Officially Renaming Boulder Dam as Hoover Dam Nevada President Harry Truman Herbert Hoover Hoover Dam New York Times
1948 The Organization of American States Holds Its First Meeting in Bogota, Colombia Colombia World Government Organization of American States Cold War History Channel
The Land Rover Is Introduced at the Amsterdam Auto Show The Netherlands Land Rover Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 The Diary of Anne Frank Is First Published in English Anne Frank Literature World War II Judaism The Holocaust BBC
1953 A Central Georgia Tornado Kills 8, Injures 350, Leaves 1000 Homeless, Leaving Behind $10M in Damages Georgia Tornado Death University of Georgia
1957 Elvis Presley Begins Recording the Soundtrack for His Film "Jailhouse Rock" Elvis Presley Popular Music Film Elvis Recordings Internet Movie Database
1961 Harmon Killebrew Hits His First Home Run for the Minnesota Twins 467' Minnesota Sports Figures Idaho Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball Minnesota Historical Society
1967 Nine Tornadoes Strike Southern Minnesota, Killing 13 People Minnesota Tornadoes Death Minnesota Historical Society
1968 The Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts Is Closed Springfield, Massachusetts Revolutionary War World War I World War II Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1973 President Richard Nixon Takes Responsibility for the Watergate Scandal but Denies Any Personal Involvement The Watergate Scandal BBC
1975 South Vietnam Surrenders to North Vietnam: War Ends Vietnam War History Channel New York Times BBC History Link
Elvis Presley Opens a Three-Day concert in Atlanta, Georgia's Omni Atlanta, Georgia Elvis Presley Rock and Roll Hall of Fame University of Georgia
1980 Terrorists Seize Iranian Embassy in London Iran Great Britain Terrorism Television News Archive
Queen Juliana of the Netherlands Abdicates and Is Succeeded by Her Daughter Beatrix Dutch Poltical and Social Leaders Official Web Site Television News Archive
1982 Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda and South African Prime Minister P.W. Botha Hold Summit Meeting in the African Bush Country P.W. Botha Zambia South African History
1986 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Off the Central Western Coast of Mexico Causes Minor Damage Mexico Earthquakes USGS
1991 Cyclone Kills 125,000 in Bangladesh Bangladesh Hurricanes & Cyclones Death New York Times
1992 Final Episode of The Cosby Show Airs Bill Cosby Television The Cosby Show History Channel
Bothell, Washington Doubles Its Size by Annexing Canyon Park Bothell, Washington History Link
1993 The World's #1 Women's Tennis Player, Monica Seles, Is Stabbed in the Back at a Hamburg, Germany Tennis Match Hamburg, Germany Serbian Sports Figures Tennis Crime BBC New York Times
1999 Nail Bomb Attack Injures 30 in the Heart of London's Gay Community London, England Terrorism BBC
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2002 California Businessman Dennis Tito Arrives at the International Space Station Aboard a Russian Spacecraft. Russian Space Program California Business Leaders Business International Space Station New York Times