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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What organization sponsors World Press Freedom Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year did Japan adopt a democratic constitution on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Teenreads, what was Mavis Jukes' profession before she became a children's author? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:

1. In what year was Poland's constitution ratified on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of South Carolina, why was Septima Poinsette Clark fired from her teaching position in 1956? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Women's International Center, in what year did Golda Meir move to Tel Aviv? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of song written by Pete Seeger (according to the Kennedy Center):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Kentucky Derby what was the name of the horse that Bill Shoemaker rode to victory in the derby on this date in 1986?

2. According to the Writer's Almanac, from what city was Niccolo Machiavelli exiled?

3. According to the Writer's Almanac, what pictures did Jacob Riis take that established him as one of the first photojournalists?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Mavis Jukes (according to the University of Calgary):

Niccolo Machiavelli
Born on This Date 1469

[Ashland College]


Josephine Allensworth
Born on This Date 1855

[California State Parks]


Pete Seeger
Born on This Date 1919

[Columbia University]

Folk Musician

Steven Weinberg
Born on This Date 1933

[Nobel Foundation]

Subatomic Particles 1979 Nobel Laureate for Physics

Mavis Jukes
Born on This Date 1947

[University of Calgary]

Young-adult Authors

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United Nations: World Press Freedom Day
(Observed annually on May 3 as per UN Resolution 4.3 adopted 1991)
United Nations Freedom of the Press
Japan: Constitution Day (Kenpo Kinenbi)
(Observed to commemorate adoption of the Japanese constitution: 05/03/1947)
Japan U.S. Department of State Japan Guide
Poland: Constitution Day
(Observed to commemorate adoption of the Polish constitution: 05/03/1791)
Poland Polish American Congress University of Buffalo
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1859 Andy Adams (Indiana-born of Children's Author of the Old West) Indiana Authors Young-adult Authors Westward Expansion The History Channel
1923 John Ney (Minnesota-born Children's Author) Minnesota Authors Young-adult Authors
1947 Mavis Jukes (New York-born Children's Author) Mavis Jukes Young-adult Authors
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1469 Niccolo Machiavelli (Italian Statesman, Political Theorist and Author of The Prince) Niccolo Machiavelli Philosophy
1849 Jacob Riis (Danish Photo-Journalist, Social Reformer) Jacob Riis Photography Journalism
1853 Edgar Watson Howe (Indiana-born Editor, Essayist and Novelist) Indiana Authors
1907 Earl Wilson (Ohio-born Columnist) Ohio Authors Journalism
1912 May Sarton (Belgian-born American Poet, Essayist, Novelist)  Mary Sarton Poetry
1913 William Inge (Kansas-born Playwright: 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Picnic) Kansas Authors Plays 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Picnic
1917 Nick Joaquin (Philippine Novelist, Poet, Playwright, Essayist ) Republic of the Philippines Poetry Plays
1924 Yehuda Amichai (German Poet) German Authors Poetry
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1886 Marcel Dupre (French Organ Virtuoso and Influential Teacher) French Composers and Classical Performers The Organ Educators of Note
1919 Pete Seeger (New York City-born Songwriter, Folk Singer) Pete Seeger Folk Musicians American Composers & Songwriters
Elizabeth Cohen (Betty Comden) (New York City-born Songwriter: Singin' in the Rain) New York Musical Theater American Composers & Songwriters
1920 John Lewis (Illinois-born African-American Jazz Pianist, Composer; Member of the Modern Jazz Quartet) Illinois Composers Jazz African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
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1860 John Scott Haldane (Scottish Physiologist; Studied the Effect of Industrial Occupations on Health) Scottish Scientists and Mathematicians Anatomy and Physiology Medicine
Vito Volterra (Italian Mathematician) Italian Scientists and Mathematicians Mathematics
1892 George Paget Thomson (English-born 1937 Nobel Laureate for Physics) English Scientists and Mathematicians Physics Subatomic Particles 1937 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1933 Steven Weinberg (New York City-born 1979 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Steven Weinberg Physics Subatomic Particles 1979 Nobel Laureate for Physics
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1855 Josephine Allensworth (Kentucky-born African-American Founder of Allensworth, California) Josephine Allensworth California Educators of Note African American Political and Social Leaders
1898 Septima Poinsette Clark (South Carolina-born African-American Educator and Civil Rights Activist) Septima Poinsette Clark Educators of Note Human Rights/Civil Rights African American Political and Social Leaders
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1844 Richard D'Oyly Carte (English Impresario; Founder of London's Savoy Theatre) English Performing Artists Stage and Theater The Savoy Theater
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1907 Canada Lee (New York City-born African-American Actor) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African-American Registry
1928 James Brown (South Carolina-born African-American Soul Singer) South Carolina Performing Artists Popular Music African American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1937 Franki Valli (New Jersey-born Lead Singer of "The Four Seasons") New Jersey Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1947 Doug Henning (Canadian-born Magician) Canadian Performing Artists Magician Internet Movie Database
1951 Christopher Cross (Texas-born Popular Singer) Texas Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
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1921 Sugar Ray Robinson (Detroit-born African-American Hall of Fame Boxer) Sugar Ray Robinson International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
1936 José "Cheguí" Torres (Puerto Rican Hall of Fame Boxer, Writer, Politician) José International Boxing Hall of Fame Hispanic Sports Figures
1946 Greg Gumbel (New Orleans-born African-American Sportscaster) New Orleans Sports Figures African American Sports Figures Television
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1845 Thomas Hood (English Author) English Authors Authors Chambers' Book of Days
1943 Harry Miller (Wisconsin-born Race Car Designer) Wisconsin Scientists & Mathematicians Auto Racing Wisconsin Historical Society
1948 Howard "Tick" Lilly (West Virginia-born Test Pilot: Died While on a Test Flight) West Virginia Explorers, Aviators Aviation History NASA Technology and Society
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1765 John Morgan Is Appointed As the First Professor of Medicine in America Pennsylvania Medicine Education Historic Firsts U.S. Army
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1791 Poland Ratifies the First Democratic Constitution in Europe Poland Historic World Documents Historic Firsts Polish-American Center
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1801 Methodist Minister John Thelwell Opens the First School for African-Americans in Wilmington., Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Education Religion Racism Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1802 Washington, D.C. Is Incorporated as a City Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. New York Times
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The morning being very could we did not set out as early as usual; ice formed on a kettle of water ¼ of an inch thick. the snow has melted generally in the bottoms, but the hills still remain covered.

on the lard side at the distance of 2 miles we passed a curious collection of bushes which had been tyed up in the
form of a fascine and standing on end in the open bottom it appeared to be about 30 feet high and ten or twelve feet in diameter, this we supposed to have been placed there by the Indians, as a sacrefice for some purpose.

The wind continued to blow hard from the West but not so strong as to compel us to ly by. Capt. Clark walked on
shore and killed an Elk which he caused to be butched by the time I arrived with the party, here we halted and dined being about 12 OCk. our usual time of halting for that purpose. after dinner Capt. Clark pursued his walk, while I continued with the party, it being a rule which we had established, never to be absent at the same time from the party.

the plains or high lands are much less elivated than they were, not being more than from 50 to 60 feet above the river bottom, which is also wider than usual being from 5 to 9 ms. in width; traces of the ancient beds of the river are visible in many places through the whole extent of this valley. since the hills have become lower the appearance of the stratas of coal burnt hills and pumice stone have in a great measure ceased;

we saw vast quantities of buffaloe, Elk, deer principally of the long tale kind, Antelope or goats, beaver, geese, ducks, brant and some swan.

near the entrance of the river mentioned in the 10th course of this day, we saw an unusual number of Porcupines from which we determined to call the river after that anamal, and accordingly denominated it Porcupine river.

[Present Poplar River, in Roosevelt County, Montana, with the town of Poplar at its mouth]

this stream discharges itself into the Missouri on the Stard. side 2000 miles above the mouth of the latter, it is a beatifull bold runing stream, 40 yards wide at it's entrance; the water is transparent, it being the first of this discription that I have yet seen discharge itself into the Missouri; before it enters a large sand bar through which it discharges itself into the Missouri

I walked out a little distance and met with 2 porcupines which were feeding on the young willow which grow in great abundance on all the sandbars; this anamal is exceedingly clumsy and not very watchfull I approached so near one of them before it percieved me that I touched it with my espontoon.—

[A spontoon, or espontoon, was a spear, six feet or more in length, with a wooden shaft and metal blade, still in use in the late eighteenth century as a symbol of authority for infantry officers. Lewis must have considered it a useful implement to have carried it with him on the expedition. At various times it was used as weapon, walking staff, and rifle support.]

found the nest of a wild goose among some driftwood in the river from which we took three eggs. this is the only nest we have met with on driftwood, the usual position is the top of a broken tree, sometimes in the forks of a large tree but almost invariably, from 15 to 20 feet or upwards high.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 McCone County, Montana
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning we Set out at 7 A. M. Steared N. 25° E. 12 m. to Kimoo e nimm Creek through a high leavel plain this Creek is 12 yds. wide pebbly bottom low banks and discharges a Considerable quanty of water it head in the S W. Mountains and discharges it Self into Lewis's river a fiew miles Above the narrows. the bottoms of this Creek is narrow with Some timber principally Cotton wood & Willow. the under brush Such as mentioned in the N. E. Creek.

The hills are high and abrupt. the lands of the plains is much more furtile than below, less Sand and Covered with taller grass; very little of the aramatic Shrubs appear in this part of the plain. we halted and dined at this Creek. after which we again proceeded N. 45° E. 3 mes. through a high plain to a Small Creek 5 yds. wide, a branch of the Kimoenimm Creek. the hills of this Stream like those of the Ki moo enimm are high its bottoms narrow and possess but little timber. the land of a good quallity dark rich loam. we Continued our rout up this Creek on it's N. Side N. 75° E 7 mes. the timber increas in quantity the hills continue high.

we met with the We arh koont whome we have usially distinguished by the name of the big horn Chief from the circumstance of his always wareing a horn of that animal Suspended by a Cord to his left arm. he is a 1st Chief of a large band of the Chopunnish Nation. he had ten of his young men with him.

[His real name was Apash Wyakaikt, 'apáswahayqt, "flint necklace." Men of the same name, very likely his son and grandson, were later among the most prominent Nez Perce leaders, known to whites as Looking Glass, senior and junior. The last was a leading figure in the 1877 war, in which he was killed.]

this man Went down Lewis's river by Land as we decended it by water last fall quite to the Columbia, and I believe was very instremental in precureing us a hospital and friendly reception among the nativs. he had now come a Considerable distance to meet us.

after meeting this Cheif we Continued Still up the Creek bottoms N. 75° E. 2 m. to the place at which the roade leaves the Creek and assends the hill to the high plains: here we Encamped in a Small grove of Cotton trees which in some measure broke the violence of the wind.

we Came 28 miles today. it rained, hailed, Snowed & blowed with Great Violence the greater portion of the day. it was fortunate for us that this Storm was from the S. W. and of Course on our backs. the air was very cold.

we devided the last of our dried meat at dinner when it was Consumed as well as the ballance of our Dogs nearly we made but a Scant Supper, and had not anything for tomorrow; however We-ark-koomt Consoled us with the information that there was an Indian Lodge on the river at no great distnace where we might Supply our Selves with provisions tomorrow.

our Guide and the three young Wallah wallah's left us this morning reather abruptly and we have Seen nothing of them Sence. the S W. Mountains appear to become lower as they receed to the N E. This Creek reaches the mountains. we are much nearer to them than we were last evening. they are Covered with timber and at this time Snow.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Garfield County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1810 Lord Byron Swims Hellespont (Dardanelles) Strait in Turkey Lord Byron (George Gordon) Turkey Swimming The History Channel
1841 New Zealand Is Declared a British Colony Great Britain New Zealand Historic UK
1848 In Arkansas, the First Issue of the Batesville Eagle Is Published Batesville, Arkansas Journalism Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1851 Fire Begins Just Before Midnight, Destroying 2,000 Buildings in Downtown San Francisco San Francisco Fire Safety San Francisco Museum Learn California
1853 A New Town Is Laid Out in Scott County, Indiana and Named for Austin, Texas, Home Base to Local Mexican-American War Veterans Scott County, Indiana Austin, Texas Mexican-American War Indiana Historical Society
1859 France Declares War on Austria France Austria European History War French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1861 President Lincoln Calls for an Additional 42,000 Volunteer Federal Troops President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
The Confederate Congress Approves a Bill Installing Chaplains in Confederate Armies American Civil War Religion Concordia
1862 Federal Steamer, R. R. Cuyler, Captures the Confederate Schooner Jane Off Florida's Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1863 Confederates Continue to Outmaneuver Union Troops at Chancellorsville Virginia Battle of Chancellorsville The History Channel
President Lincoln Telegraphs General Butterfield Asking for Information from Chancellorsville President Abraham Lincoln Battle of Chancellorsville Lincoln Papers
Confederate Forces Capture a Union Squad at Rome, Georgia Rome, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1864 President Lincoln Asks for Cabinet Input About Massacre of Federal Troops at Fort Pillow, Tennessee Tennessee President Abraham Lincoln Fort Pillow Lincoln Papers
1865 President Lincoln's Funeral Train Arrives in Springfield, Illinois Illinois Abraham Lincoln Railroad Smithsonian Institution
Federal Forces Block Key Biscayne, Florida to Prevent Jefferson Davis's Escape to Cuba or the Bahamas Cuba The Bahamas Key Biscayne, Florida Jefferson Davis Florida Historical Society
Murderer John Campbell Is Hanged by a Crowd of 800 Men in Mankato, Minnesota Mankato, Minnesota Notorious Americans Capital Punishment Minnesota Historical Society
1881 Leonidas Wooley of Mendon, Michigan Patents First Electric Headlight for Locomotives Mendon, Michigan Railroads Inventors and Inventions Patents and Copyrights Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1887 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Ruptures the Sonora, Mexico Pitaycachi Fault Sonora, Mexico Earthquakes USGS
1891 Seattle, Washington Doubles in Size with the Annexation of Neighboring Communities Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 Fire Destroys 1,700 Buildings in Jacksonville, Florida Florida Fire Safety City of Jacksonville Florida Historical Society
1903 Texas Stuntman Robert Vandervoort Gives a Command Performance in London for King Edward VII English Political and Social Leaders Texas Performing Artists King Edward VII Texas State Historical Society
1904 New York Is the First State to Establish Qualification Standards for Pharmacists New York Drugs and Vitamins Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
Groundbreaking Ceremonies Are Held for the 1905 Lewis and Clark Exposition to be Held in Portland, Oregon Portland, Oregon Lewis and Clark
1912 Bob Fowler Completes First West-to-East Airplane Flight from Los Angeles to Jacksonville, Florida (4 months) Los Angeles, California Jacksonville, Florida Aviation History Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1916 Irish Nationalists Are Executed by the British for Their Roles in the Easter Uprising Easter Uprising Great Britain Capital Punishment New York Times
1917 Governor John F. A. Strong Approves the Creation of the Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines (University of Alaska Fairbanks) Alaska Education Education University of Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Historical Society
1921 West Virginia Imposes the First State Sales Tax West Virginia Taxes Historic Firsts New York Times
1925 William Faulkner Publishes "The Rosary" in the New Orleans Times-Picayune William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writers
1933 Nellie Taylor Ross First Woman Appointed Head of U.S. Mint U.S. Government FDR Currencies Women Historic Firsts The History Channel
1937 Margaret Mitchell Is Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel Gone with the Wind Margaret Mitchell American Authors 1937 Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel Gone with the Wind The History Channel
1942 Japanese Forces Land at Tulagi on the Northern Side of the Coral Sea Japan Battle of Coral Sea U.S. Navy The History Channel
1943 Thornton Wilder Is Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Skin of Our Teeth Thorton Wilder American Authors Plays 1943 Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Skin of Our Teeth American Collection
Upton Sinclair Is Awarded a Pulitzer Prize for His Novel Dragon's Teeth Upton Sinclair American Authors 1943 Pulitzer Prize for Novel: Dragon's Teeth American Collection
1945 Indian Forces Capture Rangoon, Burma from the Japanese Rangoon, Burma Indian Military Figures Japan World War II New York Times
1946 International War Crimes Trial of 28 Japanese Military and Government Officials Begins Japanese Political and Social Leaders World War II War Crimes Law The History Channel
1947 Japan's New Democratic Constitution Goes into Effect Japan Historic World Documents The History Channel
1948 U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down Racially Restrictive Housing Covenants U.S. Supreme Court Housing Racism Oyez
1949 U.S. Launches Its First Viking Rocket to an Altitude of 80 km Space NASA
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1951 U.S. Senate Holds Hearings into Truman's Dismissal of McArthur Douglas MacArthur U.S. Sentate Truman The History Channel
King George VI Open's London's New Royal Festival Hall London King George VI Stage and Theater Royal Festival Hall BBC
1952 The First Airplane Is Landed at the Geographic North Pole The Arctic Aviation History Historic Firsts The History Channel
1959 Having Passed through the Newly Opened St. Lawrence Seaway, British Freighter Ramon de Larrinaga Is the First Deep Ocean Ship to Enter Duluth, Minnesota's Harbor Great Britain Duluth, Minnesota Naval History Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1960 Diamond Department Store in Charleston, West Virginia Opens Its Dining Facilities to African Americans Charleston, West Virginia Human Rights/Civil Rights Business African-American Heritage West Virginia Archives
The Fantasticks Opens Off-Broadway New York City Musical Theater Official Website The History Channel
1963 Birmingham, Alabama Civil Rights Demonstration Turns Ugly When Police Use Fire Hoses and Dogs Birmingham, Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage Alabama Archive
1965 6 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 125 Dead, 500 Injured, 48,000 Homeless in El Salvador El Salvador Earthquakes Death USGS
Jack Kerouac's Desolation Angeles Is Published Jack Kerouac American Authors American Collection
1968 Paris Is Chosen As Site for Vietnam War Peace Talks Paris Vietnam War The History Channel
Great Britain's First Heart Transplant Is Successfully Completed in London London Medicine Heart Transplants Historic Firsts BBC
Houston's Denton Cooley Performs the First Heart Transplant in the United States Houston, Texas Medicine Heart Transplants Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1971 Antiwar Demonstrators Attempt to Shut Down Washington, D.C.: 7,000 Are Arrested Washington, D.C. Vietnam War New York Times
National Public Radio's All Things Considered Debuts Radio National Public Radio
1973 Final 2,500-pound Girder Makes the Sears Tower the World's Tallest Building Chicago Architecture & Design Sears Tower Illinois Historical Society
1976 Seattle University Installs Fr. William J. Sullivan, as Its 20th President Seattle, Washington Seattle University History Link
1983 The National Conference of Catholic Bishops Votes 238-9 Condemning Nuclear Weapons Nuclear Weapons Catholicism Concordia
1986 Margaret Thatcher Becomes Great Britain's First Female Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher British Government Women Historic Firsts New York Times
Tamil Tiger Bomb Kills 21 Aboard a Sri Lanka Passenger Jet Sri Lanka Air Disasters Terrorism Death BBC
Bill Shoemaker (54) Is the Oldest Jockey to Win the Kentucky Derby Bill Shoemaker Kentucky Derby Horse Racing The Kentucky Derby New York Times
1990 New Parliament of the Soviet Republic of Latvia Meets to Discuss Independence from Moscow Latvia Soviet Union BBC
1991 Last Episode of Dallas Airs Television The Official Larry Hagman Website
1996 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 18 in Western Nei Mongol, China China Earthquakes Death USGS
1997 World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov Begins Unsuccessful Rematch Against IBM's Deep Blue Computer Garry Kasparov Chess Computer Technology IBM Deep Blue Technology and Society
1998 European Leaders Agree to a Single Common Currency The Euro European History New York Times
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2000 The Trial of Two Suspects in the Bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 Begins in the Netherlands The Netherlands Bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 Terrorism Law CNN
2001 The United States Is Voted Off the U.N. Human Rights Commission in Geneva United Nations Human Rights CNN
2003 Two Astronauts, One Cosmonaut Land 300 Miles Off Course in Soyuz Capsule Kazakhstan Russian Space Program Space Exploration NASA
2008 Cyclone Nargis Kills Over 100,000 in Mynamar, Leaving Hundreds of Thousands Homeless and Without Food Burma Hurricanes Death CNN
2010 Cumberland River Floods Dowtown Nashville, Tennessee, Killing 15 Nashville, TN Flooding Death NPR