China's Flag China's Flag


China's Flag China's Flag

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was sworn in as Britain's first female prime minister on this date in 1979? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which American colony declared its independence from Great Britain on this date in 1776? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to his Scholastic interview transcript, who was Don Wood's model for the girl in Moon Flute? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. What was the name given to the first equine cloned on this date in 2003? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to IEEE, Frank Conrad is widely known as what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. Which Audrey Hepburn movie opened at Radio City Music Hall on October 5, 1961? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Don Wood (according to his official web site):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to North Carolina State University, what position did Horace Mann accept in 1837?

2. According to Mexico Connect, in what four fields did Agustin Yañez distinguish himself?

3. According to the African American Registry, what was the name of the nation's first African-American-administered hospital that opened on this date in 1891?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1959 movie in which Audrey Hepburn appeared (according to the Internet Movie Database):
Horace Mann
Horace Mann
Born on This Date 1796

[University of Texas]


Frank Conrad
Frank Conrad
Born on This Date 1874

[Antique Radio Classified]


Agustín Yáñez
Agustín Yáñez
Born on This Date 1904

[State of Jalisco]

Author Political Leader

Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Born on This Date 1929


Don Wood
Don Wood
Born on This Date 1945

[Harcourt Brace]

Primary Children's Authors & Illustrators

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Star Wars Day
(May the Fourth Be With You!)
May the Fourth Be With You
China: Youth Day
(Commemorates student protests against warlords and extension of Japanese influence: 05/04/1919)
May Fourth Movement Japan Treaty of Versailles Death Expedia Index-China
Japan: Bank Holiday
(Day between Constitution Memorial Day 5/3 and Children's Day 5/5)
Japan U.S. Department of State Bank of Japan
Namibia: Cassinga
(In remembrance of those who died in the South African attack on Cassinga: 05/04/1978)
Namibia South Africa Death U.S. Department of State U.S. Embassy in Namibia
Tonga: Birthday of H.R.H. Crown Prince Tupouto'a
(Commemorates the birthday of Crown Prince Tupouto'a: 05/04/1948)
Tonga Expedia Government of Tonga
Rhode Island: Independence Day
(Commemorates Rhode Island's declaration of independence two months before other colonies: 05/04/1776)
Rhode Island Great Britain Rhode Island Secretary of State
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1879 Clara Ingram Judson (Indiana-born Children's Author) Indiana Authors Young-adult Authors
1932 Beverly Butler (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Wisconsin Authors Young-adult Authors Special Education
1945 Don Wood (California-born Children's Author and Illustrator) Don Wood Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1953 Doug Cushman (Ohio-born Children's Author and Illustrator) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1959 Dom Lee (Kansas-born Children's Author & Illustrator) Korean Authors & Illustrators Artists Salisbury University
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1904 Agustín Yáñez (Mexican Journalist) Agustín Yáñez Law & Legal Resources Journalism
1914 Emmanuel Robles (Algerian-French Novelist and Playwright) Algeria Plays
1928 Thomas Kinsella (Irish Poet) Thomas Kinsella Poetry
1934 Alan Bennett (English Playwright) Alan Bennett Plays
1939 Amos Oz (Israeli Author) Amos Oz
1941 George Will (Illinois-born Pulitzer-Prize Winning Print and Broadcast Journalist) George Will Journalism Media 1977 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary
1956 David Guterson (Washington-born Author) David Guterson
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1886 Shelton Brooks (Canadian-born African-American Composer, Songwriter) Canadian Composers and Songwriters Composers African-American Composers and Songwriters Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1907 Lincoln Kirstein (New York-born Dance Impresario; Director of the New York City Ballet: 1948-89) Lincoln Kirstein Dance
1930 Roberta Peters (New York City-born Operatic Singer) New York City Performing Artists Opera
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1827 John Hanning Speke (English Explorer: First European to See Lake Victoria) English Explorers Explorers Africa
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1655 Bartolomeo Cristofori (Italian Harpsichord Maker; Credited with Inventing the Piano) Italian Inventors & Scientists Inventors & Inventions The Piano
1806 William Cooke (English Inventor; Helped Develop Electric Telegraphy) English Inventors & Scientists Inventors & Inventions Electricity The Telegraph
1825 Thomas Huxley (English Biologist and Educator) Thomas Huxley Charles Darwin Biology
1874 Frank Conrad (Pennsylvania-born Electrical Engineer Who Pioneered the First Radio Station) Frank Conrad Radio
1896 Alton Ochsner (South Dakota-born Cardiologist; Among the to First Link Cigarettes and Cancer) South Dakota Mathematicians and Scientists Medical Research Tobacco
Business Leaders
1899 Franz Opel (German Automotive Industrialist) German Business Leaders Automotives
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1796 Horace Mann (Massachusetts-born Educator and Philanthropist) Horace Mann Education Philanthropy
1889 Francis Joseph Spellman (Massachusetts-born Roman Catholic Cardinal; Archbishop of New York) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders New York Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Religion Concordia Biography
Political and Social Leaders
1654 K'ang-hsi (Fourth Emperor of China's Ch'ing Dynasty) Chinese Political and Social Leaders
1801 George Washington Towns (Governor of Georgia, Namesake of Towns County, Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Towns County, Georgia University of Georgia
1820 Julia Tyler (New York-born Wife of President John Tyler) Julia Tyler President John Tyler
1863 Charles Samuel Deneen (25th Governor of Illinois) Illinois Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress National Governors Association
1873 John James Blaine (Governor of Wisconsin) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1882 Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst (English Women's Rights Advocate) English Political and Social Leaders Women's Rights Women's Suffrage
1918 Kakuei Tanaka (Prime Minister of Japan) Japanese Political and Social Leaders
1925 Luis Herrera Campins (President of Venezuela) Venezuela Political and Social Leaders
1928 Hosni Mubarak (President of Egypt) Egyptian Political and Social Leaders
1948 Prince Tupouto'a of Tonga Tonga Government of Tonga
Performing Artists
1929 Audrey Hepburn (Belgian Actress) Audrey Hepburn Actors Film 1953 Academy Award for Best Actress History Channel
1959 Randy Travis (North Carolina-born Country Musician) Randy Travis Western & Country Musicians
Sports Figures
1903 Elmer Layden (Iowa-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Iowa Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1734 James Thornhill (English Artist) English Artists Artists Chamber's Book of Days Greenwich Guide
1924 Edith Nesbit (English Children's Author) Edith Nesbit Primary Authors
1975 Moe Howard (New York City-born Member of the Three Stooges) New York Performing Artists The Three Stooges Internet Movie Database
1977 Richard Bissell (Iowa-born Author and Playwright of "The Pajama Game") Iowa Authors American Authors Plays
1980 Tito, Josip Broz (President of Yugoslavia) Josip Tito History Channel
1997 Wijayananda Dahanayake (Former Prime Minister of Sri Lanka) Sri lanka
2010 Ernie Harwell (Georgia-born Media Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ernie Harwell Detroit Sports Figures Radio Baseball Hall of Fame
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1471 Yorkists Defeat Lancastrians at Battle of Tewkesbury in Wars of the Roses Great Britain Twekesbury Battlefield Society Historic UK
1493 Pope Alexander VI, a Spaniard, Confers New World Discoveries to Spain Depriving Portugal of Privileges Bestowed by Earlier Popes Spain Portugal Christopher Columbus Catholicism Hartford Web Publishing
1494 Christopher Columbus Lands on the Island of Jamaica Jamaica Christopher Columbus Naval History Discover Jamaica
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1521 Martin Luther Is Taken to Wartburg for His Protection Where He Translates the New Testament into German Martin Luther Religion The Bible Concordia
1535 Monks Are Hanged, Drawn and Quartered for Refusing to Accept to Henry VIII as Head of the Church Great Britain Henry VIII Religion Capital Punishment Concordia
1597 William Shakespeare Buys the Second-Largest House in Stratford for £60. The House Is over 100 Years Old with 10 Fireplaces and 2 Barns Stratford-on-Avon William Shakespeare Authors Theatre History
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1626 Peter Minuit, First Director-General of New Netherland, Lands in Manhattan New Netherland Peter Minuit Library of Congress Writer's Almanac
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1776 Rhode Island Declares Its Independence from Great Britain Great Britain Rhode Island Rhode Island Secretary of State New York Times
1782 Georgia Legislature Banishes 280 Loyalists Who Sided with the British During the Revolution Great Britain Georgia Government American Revolution University of Georgia
1789 A Convention Is Called to Bring the Georgia State Constitution in Line with the Federal Constitution Georgia Government U.S. Constitution University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We were detained this morning untill about 9 OCk. in order to repare the rudder irons of the red perogue which were broken last evening in landing;

we then set out, the wind hard against us. I walked on shore this morning, the weather was more pleasant, the snow has disappeared; the frost seems to have effected the vegetation much less than could have been expected the leaves of the cottonwood the grass the box alder willow and the yellow flowering pea seem to be scarcely touched; the rosebushes and honeysuckle seem to have sustaned the most considerable injury.

The country on both sides of the Missouri continues to be open level fertile and beautifull as far as the eye can reach which from some of the eminences is not short of 30 miles. the river bottoms are very extensive and contain a much greater proportion of timber than usual; the fore part of this day the river was bordered with timber on both sides, a circumstance which is extreemly rare and the first which has occurred of any thing like the same extent since we left the Mandans,

in the after part of the day we passed an extensive beautifull plain on the Stard. side which gradually ascended from the river. I saw immence quantities of buffaloe in every direction, also some Elk deer and goats; having an abundance of meat on hand I passed them without firing on them; they are extreemly gentle the bull buffaloe particularly will scarcely give way to you. I passed several in the open plain within fifty paces, they viewed me for a moment as something novel and then very unconcernedly continued to feed.

Capt. Clark walked on shore this evening and did not rejoin us untill after dark, he struck the river several miles above our camp and came down to us. we saw many beaver some which the party shot, we also killed two deer today. much sign of the brown bear.

passed several old Indian hunting camps in the course of the day one of them contained two large lodges which were fortifyed with old driftwood and fallen timber; this fortification consisted of a circular fence of timber lade horizontally and laping on and over laying each other to the hight of 5 feet. these pounds are sometimes built from 20 to 30 feet in diameter and covered over with the trunks and limbs of old timber. the usual construction of the lodges we have lately passed is as follows. three or more strong sticks the thickness of a man's leg
or arm and about 12 feet long are attatched together at one end by a with of small willows, these are then set on end and spread at the base, forming a
circle of ten twelve or 14 feet in diameter; sticks of driftwood and fallen timber of convenient size are now placed with one end on the ground and the other resting against those which are secured together at top by the with and which support and give the form to the whole, thus the sticks are laid on untill they make it as thick as they design, usually about three ranges, each piece breaking or filling up the interstice of the two beneath it, the whole forming a connic figure about 10 feet high with a small apperture in one side which answers as a door. leaves bark and straw are sometimes thrown over the work to make it more complete, but at best it affords a very imperfect shelter particularly without straw which is the state in which we have most usually found them.

[Apparently a description of a Blackfeet war lodge, a structure which served Blackfeet war parties as a fortification, shelter from the weather, base for scouting, supply base, and a place to leave messages.]

Joseph Fields was very sick today with the disentary had a high fever I gave him a doze of Glauber salts, which operated very well, in the evening his fever
abated and I gave him 30 drops of laudnum

[Glauber's Salts is the crystalline decahydrate of sodium sulfate, used as a laxative; the theory behind administering it to a man with dysentery was that disease was caused by poisons in the body that had to be flushed out. Laudanum is a tincture of opium, which would help Field sleep]

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Roosevelt County, Montana
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind Native American Heritage

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Collected our horses and Set out early; the morning was Cold and disagreeable.

we assended the Lar board Hill of the Creek and Steared N 60° E 4 M. through a high leavil plain to a revine which forms the Source of a small creek, thence down the Creek N 75° E. 8 Ms. to it's enterance into Lewis's river 7½ ms. below the enterance of Koos koos ke. on the river a little above this Creek we arived at a lodge of 6 families of which We-ark'-koomt has Spoken.

We halted here for brackfast and with much dificuelty purchased 2 lean dogs. the inhabitents were miserably pore. we obtained a fiew large cakes of half cured bread made of a root which resembles the Sweet potatoe, with these we made Some Soope and took brackfast.

the lands through which we passed to day are fertile consisting of a dark rich loam. the hills of the river are high and abrupt approaching it nearly on both Sides. no timber in the plains. the S. W. Mountains which appear to be about 15 Miles from us Still Continue to become lower, they are Covered with Snow at present nearly to their bases. Lewis's
river appear to pass through those Mountains near the N Eastern extremity. those hills termonate in a high leavil plain between the Kooskoske & Lewis's river. these plains are in maney places well covered with the long leafed pine and Some balsom fir. the Soil is extreamly fertile. no does it appear So thirsty as that of the Same apparrant texture of the open plains. it produces great quantities of the quawmash a root of which the natives are extreemly fond.

a Great portion of the Chopunnish we are informed are now distributed in Small villages through this plain Collecting the Cowse a white Meley root which is very fine in Soup after being dried and pounded; the Salmon not yet haveing arived to Call them to the river—.

The hills of the Creek which we decended this morning are high and in most parts rocky and abrupt. one of our pack horses Sliped from one of those hights and fell into the Creek with it's load Consisting principally of amunition, but fortunately neither the horse nor load Suffered any Matereal injury. the ammunition being Secured in Canesters the water did not effect it.—

after dinner we Continued our rout up the West Side of the river 3 ms. opposit 2 Lodges the one Containing 3 and the other 2 families of the Chopunnish Nation; here we met with Te-toh-ar-sky the oldest of the two Chiefs who accompanied us last fall to the Great falls of the Columbia. here we also met with our old pilot who decended the river with us as low as the Columbia these indians recommended our passing the river at this place and going up on the
N E Side of the Kooskoske. they Sayed it was nearer and a better rout to the forks of that river where the twisted hair resided in whose charge we had left our horses; thither they promised to Conduct us.

we determined to take the advise of the indians and imediately prepared to pass the river which with the assistance of three indian Canoes we effected in the Course of the evening, purchased a little Wood, Some Cows bread and encamped, haveing traveled 15 miles to day only.

We ark koomt whose people reside on the West Side of Lewis's river above left us when we deturmined to pass the river. before he left us he expressed his concern that his people would be deprived of the pleasure of Seeing us at the forks at which place they had assimbled to Shew us Sivilities &c. I gave him a Small piece of tobacco and he went off Satisfied.

the evening was Cold and disagreeable, and the nativs Crouded about our fire in great numbers in so much that we Could Scercely Cook or keep ourselves worm. at all those Lodges of the Chopunnish I observe an appendage of a Small lodge with one fire, which Seames to be the retreat of their women in a certain Situation. the men are not permited to approach this Lodge within a certain distance, and if they have any thing to Convey to the Occupents of this little hospital they Stand at the distance of 50 or 60 paces and throw it towards them as far as they Can and retire.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Whitman County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 Thomas Todd Sworn in as Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court Virginia Political and Social Leaders President Thomas Jefferson United State Supreme Court Oyez
1814 Napoleon Sets Sail for His Exile on the Island of Elba France Napoleon Bonaparte
1837 Bank Suspensions in Natchez, Mississippi Initiate National Bank Panic Mississippi Economics Federal Reserve of Minneapolis
1846 Suffragist Ernestine Rose is First Woman to Address the All-Male Michigan Legislature Michigan Government Women Women's Suffrage Historic Firsts State of Michigan
Michigan Is the First English-Speaking Government to Ban Capital Punishment Michigan Government Law Capital Punishment Historic Firsts Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1847 Pope Pius IX Establishes the Catholic Diocese of Galveston Galveston, Texas Catholicism Archdiocese of Galveston - Houston Texas State Historical Association
1852 Oakland, California Is Incorporated by the State Legislature Oakland, California Oakland, California Oakland Museum of California Learn California
1853 African-American Sarah Parker Remond Refuses to Sit in the "Colored" Section of a Boston Theater Boston, Masachusetts Racism African-American Heritage Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1855 The World's First Women's Hospital, the Woman's Hospital of New York City, Is Opened New York City Health Care Women's Health Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1861 Maryland Legislators Protest to President Lincoln About the Military Occupation of Their State Maryland Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
The Springfield Republican Prints Emily Dickinson's Poem "The May Wine" Emily Dickinson American Authors Poetry American Collection
1862 President Lincoln Receives News the Confederates Have Evacuated Yorktown, Virginia Yorktown, Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1863 The Battle of Chancellorsville Enters Its Fourth Day Tennessee The Battle of Chancellorsville
President Lincoln Telegraphs General Hooker Asking for Information from Chancellorsville Tennessee President Abraham Lincoln The Battle of Chancellorsville Telegraph Lincoln Papers
1,310 Captive Dakota Indians Are Loaded onto Two Steamboats for Their Forced Removal from Minnesota Minnesota Dakota Steamboats Westward Expansion Minnesota Historical Society
1864 Army of the Potomac Moves Out of Winter Quarters - Crosses the Rapidan Battle of the Wilderness History Channel
President Lincoln Implores General Sherman to Do Whatever He Can to Help the People of Nashville, TN Nashville, Tennessee President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
House Approves Wade-Davis Reconstruction Bill over Lincoln's Objections House of Representatives President Abraham Lincoln Reconstruction Social Studies Help Center
1865 Jefferson Davis and Several Members of His Cabinet Hold Their Last Meeting in Washington, Georgia Washington, Georgia Jefferson Davis American Civil War Washington, Georgia University of Georgia
The Last Major Confederate Force East of the Mississippi Surrenders at Citronelle, Alabama Citronelle, Alabama American Civil War Citronelle, Alabama Alabama Archives
Confederate and Georgia State Troops Surrender in Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1871 The Fort Wayne Kekionga Beat the Cleveland Forest Citys, 2-0, in the First Professional Baseball Game of the National Association Fort Wayne, Indiana Cleveland, Ohio Baseball Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1878 Melbourne, Arkansas Is Incorporated Melbourne, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1884 W.C. Gurley, Marietta Observatory, OH, First to Photograph a Lightning Flash OH Lightning Photography Historic Firsts Mason Public Library
1886 Haymarket Square Riot Breaks Out in Chicago: 8 Policemen Die Haymarket Square Riot Labor Death History Channel
Patents Are Issued for Improvements to the Phonograph The Phonograph Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Technology and Society
1887 Emile Berliner Submits U.S. Patent Request for the Gramophone German Scientists and Inventors The Phonograph Patents & Trademarks Inventors and Inventions University of San Diego
1888 The Catholic Archdiocese of St. Paul Is Established St. Paul, Minnesota Religion Catholicism Minnesota Historical Society
The First Municipal Water Works in Little Rock, Arkansas Opens LIttle Rock, Arkansas Water Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1891 The Nation's First African-American Administered Hospital Opens in Chicago Chicago Medicine African-American History Historic Firsts African-American Registry
President Benjamin Harrison Arrives in Ashland, Oregon Ashland, Oregon President Benjamin Harrison American Presidents
1894 Bird Day Is First Observed by the Schools of Oil City, Pennsylvania Oil City, Pennsylvania Education Birds Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1897 Joseph H. Smith, an African-American from Washington, D.C, Patents a Water Sprinkler Washington, D.C. Scientists and Mathematicians Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African-American Inventors & Scientsts African-American Registry
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 Charles Rolls and Henry Royce Form the Rolls Royce Company English Business Automobiles Business Rolls Royce The BBC
1911 In Alaska, Cordova Residents Protest the Closing of Local Coal Fields by Shoveling Canadian Coal From the Wharf into the Bay Cordova, Alaska Economics Alaska Historical Society
1916 Germany Agrees to Limit Its Submarine Warfare, Averting a Diplomatic Break with the U.S. Germany World War I Submarines New York Times
1919 Chinese Students Protest Treaty of Versailles Extending Japanese Influence May Fourth Movement Japan Treaty of Versailles Chinese Culture
1923 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on the Alaska Peninsula Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1925 St. Paul, Minnesota's Ford Motor Company Plant Assembles Its First Car St. Paul, Minnesota Business Ford Motor Company Historic First Minnesota Historical Society
1926 The Temperature in Morris, Minnesota Rises from 27°F to 89°F in the Same Day Morris, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1927 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded. Film Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences New York Times
1929 Show Boat Closes on Broadway After 572 Performances New York City Plays American Musical Internet Broadway Database
1932 Public Enemy Number One, Al Capone, Jailed in Atlanta for Tax Evasion Al Capone Taxes Prison Notorious Americans History Channel
1934 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Chugach Mountains Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1935 Ellen Glasgow's "Heroes and Monsters" Appears in the Saturday Review of Literature Virginia Authors American Authors American Collection
1938 Dr. Douglas Hyde Becomes First President of Ireland under Its New Constitution Ireland Historic First CNN
1942 Battle of the Coral Sea Begins as the First Naval Clash Fought Entirely with Carrier Aircraft Battle of Coral Sea Naval Military History Aviation Military History Historic Firsts New York Times
Planes from U.S. Yorktown Sink Japanese Ships and Seaplanes at Coral Sea Japan Battle of Coral Sea U.S. Navy
Ellen Glasgow Is Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel In This Our Life Virginia Authors American Authors 1942 Pulitzer Prize for Her Novel In This Our Life American Collection
1943 A Patent for Helicopter Controls Is Obtained by Igor Sikorsky Igor Sikorsky Patents & Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Aviation History USPTO
1945 German Forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and Northwest Germany Surrender Nazi Germany The Netherlands Denmark World War II Yale University
U.S. 7th Army Captures Hitler's Country Retreat of Berchtesgaden Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
1946 Three-day Riot at San Francisco's Alcatraz Prison Leaves Five People Dead San Francisco Prisons Death U.S. Bureau of Prisons New York Times
The Last 270 of 4,300 German POWs Held at Fort du Pont in Delaware City, Delaware Leave for Fort Dix, New Jersey Germany Delaware City, Delaware Fort Dix, New Jersey Prisoners of War World War II State of Delawarre
1948 Norman Mailer's First Novel, The Naked and the Dead, Is Published Norman Mailer American Authors History Channel Writer's Almanac
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 A 12-day Strike Ends at the Perfection Garment Company Plants in Martinsburg and Ranson, West Virginia West Virginia Business Labor Strikes West Virginia Archives
Ernest Hemingway Is Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for His Novel Old Man and the Sea Ernest Hemingway American Authors 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Old Man and the Sea American Collection
William Inge Receives the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Picnic William Inge American Authors 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Picnic American Collection
Texas Council of Churches Is Formed in Dallas Dallas, Texas Religion Texas Conference of Churches Texas State Historical Association
1959 The First Grammy Awards Are Announced The Grammy Awards Music Historic Firsts History Channel
Miami News Writer, Howard Van Smith, Receives Pulitzer Prize for Stories on Migrant Workers Florida Media The Miami News Labor 1959 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting Florida Historical Society
1961 Freedom Riders Leave Washington D.C. to Challenge New Orleans Segregated Bus Terminals Washington, D.C. New Orleans U.S. Civil Rights Movement Stanford University Virginia Historical Society New York Times
1965 New York City's Lew Alcindor (Kareem Abdul Jabbar) Announces He Will Attend UCLA New York City Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures UCLA New York Times
1966 British Government Increases Medical Salaries Up to 30% British Government Medical Professionals Economics The BBC
1967 NASA Launches Lunar Orbiter 4 to Create Photographic Map of Possible Lunar Landing Locations Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Photography NASA
1969 Thousands Protest Planned Freeway through Seattle's Arboretum Seattle Washington Earth and Environmental Science Trees Washington Park Arboretum History Link
1970 4 Kent State University Students Are Killed by Members of the Ohio National Guard During an Anti-War Demonstration Ohio Education Ohio National Guard Vietnam War Death Kent State University History Channel
T. Harry Williams, Receives the Pulitzer Prize for His Biography, Huey Long Illinois Authors Huey Long American Authors 1970 Pulitzer Prize for His Biography, Huey Long
1973 Led Zeppelin Opens a 34-Concert U.S. Tour Before 50,000 Fans in Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium Atlanta, Georgia Popular Musicians University of Georgia
1974 Spokane World's Fair Opens Spokane, Washington Business History Link
1975 The Minnesota Twins Retire Number 3 in Honor of Harmon Killebrew Minnesota Sports Figures Idaho Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball Minnesota Historical Society
1976 NASA Launches LAGEOS Satellite for Precise Measurements of Earth-Dynamics Space Exploration Earth Measurement NASA
1978 South African Forces Attack the Namibian Town of Cassinga, Killing Hundreds Namibia South Africa Death U.S. Embassy in Namibia
The Two Principal Leaders of the Azanian People's Organization's Are Arrested in Soweto South Africa South African History
1979 Margaret Thatcher Is Sworn in as Britain's First Female Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Women Historic Firsts The BBC
NASA Launches FLTSATCOM Satellite to Provide Global UHF Communications for Ships at Sea Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1980 Forest Service Fire Gets Out of Control, Burning 25,000 Acres and 33 Homes in Michigan Michigan Fire Safety National Forest Service Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1982 Argentine Air-fired Missile Sinks Britain's HMS Sheffield: 268 Crew Die Argentina Great Britain Falkland Islands War Naval Military History Death The BBC
1989 White House Aide Oliver North Convicted on 3 Counts for Iran-Contra Affair The White House Iran-Contra Affair Crime CNN
NASA Launches Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-30) to Deploy Magellan/Venus Radar Mapper Spacecraft Space Shuttle Space Exploration Venus NASA
1993 United States Hands over Command of Somalia to the United Nations United Nations Somalia George Mason University
1994 Israel and the PLO Agree to Self-rule for Gaza Strip and Jericho Israel Palestine Jewish Virtual Library New York Times
1998 Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski, Is Sentenced: Four Life Terms Plus 30 Years Theodore Kaczynski Law & Legal Resources Notorious Americans Terrorism PBS
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 7.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 46 in Sulawesi, Indonesia Indonesia Earthquakes USGS
Ken Livingstone Is Elected Mayor of London English Political and Social Leaders Elections The BBC
2003 First Cloned Equine Is, Idaho Gem, a Mule Born at the University of Idaho Idaho University of Idaho Historic Firsts
2007 200 mph Winds from 1.5-mile Wide F5 Tornado Kills 10 and Destroys Greensburg, Kansas Greensburg, Kansas Tornados Death CNN
2008 President Bush Delivers the Commencement Address at the Greensburg, Kansas High School Greensburg, Kansas President Bush Education National Public Radio