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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which President's daughter was married in the White House on this date in 1914? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. For what invention was a patent issued on this date in 1878? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Barnes and Noble, how did Nonny Hogrogian begin her career before she became an illustrator? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an actor born on this date:

1. When the Germans surrendered to the Allies in France on this date in 1945, what kind of building did they use? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to The Classical Music Pages, how old was Johannes Brahms when he began studying piano? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Classical Net, which symphony did Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky leave unfinished when he died in 1893? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Robert Browning poem starting with the letter "M" (according to the University of Toronto):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Authors' Calendar which poet first influenced Robert Browning?

2. According to Starkville High School, Jimmy Ruffin and his brother David were members of what famous singing group?

3. According to the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame, from what nursing school did Mary Mahoney graduate?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Ruth Prawer Jhabvala film (according to Writer's Almanac):

Robert Browning
Born on This Date 1812

[Baylor University]


Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Born on This Date 1840

[Princeton University]


Mary Mahoney
Born on This Date 1845

[African American Registry]

First African-American Graduate Nurse

Edwin Land
Born on This Date 1909


Inventor of Polaroid Instant Film

Nonny Hogrogian
Born on This Date 1932

[St. Sarkis Armenian Church]

Illustrator1966 Caldecott Medal for Always Room for One More 1972 Caldecott Medal for One Fine Day

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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1932 Nonny Hogrogian (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator Awarded the 1966 and 1972 Caldecott Medals) Nonny Hogrogian Primary Children's Authors Artists and Illustrators 1966 Caledcott Medal for Always Room for One More 1972 Caledcott Medal for One Fine Day
1932 Jenny Joseph (English Poet, Children's Author) Jenny Joseph Primary Children's Authors Poetry
1943 Peter Carey (Australian Novelist, Children's Author) Peter Carey Young Adult Authors
1947 Bruce McMillan (Massachusetts-born Photo-Illustrator, Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors Primary Children's Authors Photography Official Web Site
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1711 David Hume (Scottish Philosopher) Scottish Authors Philosophy Stanford University University of Tennesee at Martin Writer's Almanac
1812 Robert Browning (English Poet) Robert Browning Elizabeth Barrett Browning
1861 Rabindranath Tagore (Indian Poet, Philosopher; 1913 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Indian Writers Poetry Philosophy 19134 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1867 Wladyslaw Reymont (Polish Author, 1924 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Polish Writers 1924 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1888 Fenton Johnson (Chicago-born African-American Poet, Playwright, Editor) Fenton Johnson Poetry Plays African-American Authors
1892 Archibald MacLeish (Illinois-born Poet, Dramatist, Librarian of Congress) Archibald MacLeish Poetry Plays Library of Congress
1927 Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (German Novelist, Screenwriter) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1931 Darwin Turner (Ohio-born African-American Literary Critic, Editor) Ohio Writers African-American Authors
1940 Angela Carter (English Fantasy Author) English Authors
1950 Tim Russert (Ohio-born Broadcast Journalist) New York Authors & Illustrators Journalism Television Internet Movie Database
Artists, Designers and Architects
1667 Germain Boffrand (French Architect in the Baroque and Rococo Styles) French Artists Designers and Architects Architecture
1949 Deborah Butterfield (California-born Sculptor) California Artists American Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1833 Johannes Brahms (German Classical Composer) Johnannes Brahms Composers
1840 Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky (Russian Classical Composer) Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1837 Karl Gottlieb Mauch (South African Explorer/Archaeologist Who Discovered a Gold Field in Hartley Hills and the City of Zimbabwe) South African Scientists & Mathematicians Archaeology Gold South African History
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1774 Francis Beaufort (Irish Admiral Who Devised a Scale for Wind Force) Irish Scientists Wind Standards of Measurement
1845 Mary Mahoney (Massachusetts-born Nurse: The First African-American to Graduate from a Nursing School) Mary Mahoney First African-American Graduate Nurse Notable African Americans
1855 Oskar von Miller (German Engineer; Founder of the Munich Museum of Science and Technology) German Scientists & Mathematicians Science Museums
1909 Edwin Land (Connecticut-born Inventor of Polaroid Instant Film) Edwin Land Inventors Inventor of Polaroid Instant Film
Business Leaders
1870 Marcus Loew (New York City-born Film Executive and Movie Theatre Chain Owner) New York City Business Leaders Film
Political and Social Leaders
1919 Eva Perón (Wife of Argentinean President Juan Perón) Argentinian Political & Social Leaders New York Times
Performing Artists
1885 Gabby Hayes (New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1901 Gary Cooper (Montana-born Actor) Montana Performing Artists Actors Film History Channel
1922 Darren McGavin (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1923 Anne Baxter (Indiana-born Actress) Indiana Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1931 Teresa Brewer (Ohio-born Popular Singer) Ohio Performing Artists Popular Musician Internet Movie Database
1939 Jimmy Ruffin (Mississippi-born African-American Popular Singer) Jimmy Ruffin Popular Musician African-American Performing Artists
Sports Figures
1896 Kitty Godfree (English Tennis Player; Gold Medalist in the 1920 Olympic Games) English Sports Figures International Tennis Hall of Fame 1920 Summer Olympics
1933 Johnny Unitas (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
399 B.C. Socrates (Greek Philosopher) Socrates Philosophy
1825 Antonio Salieri (Italian Composer) Antonio Salieri Composers
1873 Salmon P. Chase (New Hampshire-born Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Salmon P. Chase U.S. Supreme Court
2011 Seve Ballesteros (Spanish Member of the World Golf Hall of Fame) Spanish Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame BBC
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the that Occurred on this Date from 1 A.D.  -999 A.D.
558 Dome of Constantinople's Church of St. Sophia Collapses as the Result of an Earlier Earthquake Hagia Sophia Architecture Earthquake Princeton University
Historic Events of the 1200s that Occurred on this Date
1274 2nd Council of Lyons Opens to Regulate Papal Elections Religion Catholicism Hungarian Piarist Fathers
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1654 In New York, Settlers Purchase Coney Island from the Native Americans New York Native American Heritage Economics New York Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1763 Chief Pontiac Begins Attack on British Fort at Detroit Pontiac Detroit History Channel State of Michigan
1769 Virginia non-Importation Resolutions Protest Taxation without Representation Virginia Colonial Virginia Taxes History Channel
1787 The First Meeting of the Swedenborg Church Is Held in London London England Emanuel Swedenborg Religion Historic Firsts University of North Carolina
1789 George Washington Attends the First Presidential Inaugural Ball Washington American Presidency Dance Historic Firsts History Channel
A Constitutional Convention Meeting in Augusta, Georgia Ratifies a New State Constitution Augusta, Georgia Historic U.S. Documents Georgia Historical Society
1792 American Fur Trader Robert Gray Enters a Large Natural Harbor on Washington's Pacific coast South of the Olympic Peninsula and Names It for Himself Gray's Harbor, Washington North American Exploration Naval History HistoryLink
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1800 President John Adams Signs Act Dividing the Northwest Territory into the Indiana Territory and What Will Be the State of Ohio Ohio Indiana President John Adams Indiana Historical Bureau Indiana Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I have worked on loading the boat all day. It is a fair day. Mr. Rumsey road the horse to St. Louis. A fair day.
Missouri Keelboat Horses Weather Camp DuBois
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning we collected our horses and Set out early accompanied by the brother of the twisted hair as a guide; Wearkkoomt and his party left us.

we proceeded up the river 4 miles to a lodge of 6 families just below the enterance of a Small Creek, here our guide recommended our passing the river, he informed us that the road was better on the South Side, and that game was more abundant also on that Side near the enterance of Chopunnish river. we deturmined to pursue the rout recommened by the guide, and accordingly unloaded our horses and prepared to pass the river which we effected by means of one Canoe in the Course of 4 hours.

a man of this lodge produced us two Canisters of Powder which he informed us he had found by means of his dog where they had been berried in the bottom near the river a fiew miles above. they were the Same which we had burried as we decended the river last fall. as he had kept them Safe and had honisty enough to return them to us, we gave him a fire Steel by way of Compensation.

dureing our detention at the river we took dinner.

after which we renewed our march along the S. E. Side of the river about 2 miles over a dificuelt Stoney road, when we left the river and assended the hills to the right which are here mountains high. the face of the Country when you have once assended the river hills, is perfectly level and partially Covered with the long leafed pine. the Soil is a dark rich loam, thickly Covered with grass and herbatious plants which afford a delightfull pasture for horses. in Short it is a butifull fertile picteresque Country.

Neeshneparkeeook over took us and after rideing with us a fiew miles turned off to the right to visit some lodges of his people who he informed us were gathering roots in the plains at a little distance from the road.

our guide Conducted us through the plain and down a Steep and lengthy hill to a Creek which we Call Musquetoe Creek in consequence of being infested with Sworms of those insects on our arival at it. this is but an inconsiderable Stream about 6 yards wide heads in the plains at a Short distance and discharges itself into the Kooskooske 9 ms. by water below the forks. we Struck this Creek at the distance of 5 miles from the point at which we left the river our course being a little to the S. of East.

we proceeded up the Creek one Mile and on the S. E. Side we arived at an old Indian incampment of Six Lodges which appeared to have been recently evacuated. here we remained all night haveing traveled 12 ms. only.

the timbered Country on this Side of the river may be Said to Commence a Short distance below this Creek, and on the other Side of the river at a little distance from it the timber reaches as low as Colter's Creek. the earth in maney parts of those plains is thown up in little mounds by Some animal whose habits are Similar to the Sallemander, like that animal it is also invisible; notwithstanding I have observed the work of this animal throughout the whole course of my trail from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocian, I have never obtained a View of this animal.

The Shoshone man of whome I have before mentioned over took us this evening with Neesh neparkeeook or Cut nose and remained with us this evening. we Suped this evening as we had done on horse beef. we Saw Several deer this evening, and a great number of the tracks of these animals we deturmined to remain here untill noon tomorrow in order to obtain some venison, and accordingly gave orders to the hunters to turn out early in the morning.

The Spurs of the rocky mountains which were in view from the high plain to day were perfectly Covered with Snow. The Indians inform us that the Snow is yet So deep on the Mountains that we Shall not be able to pass them untill after the next full moon or about the first of June. others Set the time at a more distant period. this unwelcom intiligence to men confined to a diet of horsebeef and roots, and who are as anxious as we are to return to the fat plains of the Missouri, and thence to our native homes.

The Chopunnish bury their dead in different ways as I have obseved, besides that already discribed they scaffold Some and deposit others in Sepulchers, those are rearly to be Seen in this upper part of the Columbian Waters. the one already discribed is the most Common. they all Sacrifice horses, Canoes and every Species of property to the dead. the bones of maney horses are Seen lyeing about those repositaries of the dead &c.—.

I observed in all the Lodges which we have passed Since we Crossed Lewis's river decoys, or Stocking heads as they are Sometimes called. these decoys are for the deer and is formed of the Skin of the head and upper portion of the neck of that animale extended in the nateral Shape by means of a fiew little Sticks placed within. the hunter when he Sees a deer conseals himself and with his hand givs to the decoy the action of a deer at feed, and this induces the deer within arrowshot; in this mode the Indians near the woody country hunt on foot in Such places where they cannot pursue the deer with horses which is their favourite method when the grounds will permit—.—.

The orniments worn by the Chopunnish are, in their nose a Single Shell of wampom, the pirl & beeds are Suspended from the ears. bears are worn arround their wrists, neck and over their Sholders crosswise in the form of a double Sash—. the hair of the men is Cewed in two rolls which hang on each side in front of the body. Collars of bears Claws are also Common; but the article of dress on which they appear to bestow most pains and orniments is a kind of collar or brestplate; this is most Commonly a Strip of otter skins of about Six inches Wide taken out of the Center of the Skin it's whole length including the head. this is dressed with the hair on, this is tied around the neck & hangs in front of the body the tail frequently reaching below their knees; on this Skin in front is attatched pieces of pirl, beeds, wampom, pices of red Cloth and in Short whatever they conceive most valuable or ornamental—.—.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Nez Perce County, Idaho Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1822 A United States Customs District Is Established at Key West, Florida Key West, Florida U.S. Government Economics Florida Historical Society
1824 Beethoven's Ninth Symphony Is First Performed at the Kärntnertor Theater in Vienna Ludwig van Beethoven Austria Classical Music National Public Radio
1840 A Tornado Strikes Natchez, Mississippi, Killing 317 Natchez, Mississippi Tornadoes Death Weather Notebook
1844 The Scioto Belle River Steamer Arrives at Galveston, Texas from New Orleans, Louisiana Galveston, Texas New Orleans, Louisiana Steamboats Texas State Historical Association
1847 The American Medical Association Is Organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Medical Profession American Medical Association New York Times
1850 In Minnesota, the Anthony Wayne Is the First Steamboat to Reach the Falls of St. Anthony, Winning a Prize of $200 Minnesota Steamboats Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1862 Confederate Forces Attack Union Troops at Eltham's Landing, Virginia Virginia Battle of Eltham's Landing National Park Service
1863 The Confederate Schooner Sea Lion Is Captured Off of Florida's Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 Grant's Troops March South Following Battle of the Wilderness Ulysess S. Grant Battle of the Wilderness History Channel
President Lincoln Receives First-Hand Report on Wilderness Campaign Delivered at 2 A.M. by Courier Arriving Via Special Locomotive President Abraham Lincoln Railroad Battle of the Wilderness Lincoln Logs
The First Fighting of the Atlanta Campaign Begins Northwest of Dalton, Georgia Dalton, Georgia Fall of Atlanta University of Georgia
The U.S.S. Sunflower Captures the Confederate Sloop Neptune As Federal Troops Occupy Tampa, Florida Tampa, Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1878 J. R. Winters Patents a Fire Escape Ladder Inventors and Inventions Patents Fire Prevention & Safety USPTO
1879 California Voters Approve a Second State Constitution California Voting Historic U.S. Documents Learn California
1887 The West Virginia Legislature Appropriates Funds for the Construction of Spencer State Hospital West Virginia Government Health Care West Virginia State Archives
1890 Portland, Oregon's Forrest Smithson Breaks the World Record for the 50-yard Low Hurdles 5 4/5 Seconds Portland, Oregon Track & Field
1897 Iowa's General Assembly Chooses the Wild Rose as the State's Official Flower Iowa Wild Rose State Historical Society of Iowa
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 Martinique's Mount Pele Erupts Burying the City of Saint Pierre in Minutes and Capsizing 15 Ships in the Harbor Martinique Volcanoes Death History Channel
1906 President Theodore Roosevelt Approves a Congressional Delegation for the Alaska Territory Alaska U.S. Congress President Theodore Roosevelt Alaska Historical Society
1914 Woodrow Wilson's Daughter Eleanor Is Married in the White House in a Simple 5-Minute Ceremony Woodrow Wilson White House Time
1915 Germans Sink the British Passenger Ship Lusitania: 1,100+ Die Germany Great Britain Naval History Sinking of the Lusitania Death Library of Congress History Channel
1932 William Faulkner Arrives in Culver City, California as an MGM Contract Writer Culver City, California William Faulkner American Authors Film MGM Mississippi Writers Project
1935 The Pueblo Ruins of Kuaua and Puaray Along the Rio Grande North of Albuquerque, New Mexico Are Opened to the Public as Coronado State Monument Coronado State Monuments Parks New Mexico Magazine
1943 Allies Capture Tunis and Bizerte from Germans in North Africa Tunisia Nazi Germany WWII University of San Diego
Liberty Ship George Washington Carver Is Launched George Washington Carver Naval History African-American History WWII Florida International University
1945 Nazi Germany Surrenders to the Allied Forces in a French Schoolhouse Nazi Germany France Documents of Surrender History Channel New York Times BBC
1946 William Henry Hastie Is Inaugurated as the First African-American Governor of the Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Political and Social Leaders Tennessee Political and Social Leaders African American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Tennessee State University
1947 The Kraft Television Theater Debuts Television Historic Firsts Kraft Foods History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Pulitzer Prizes Are Awarded to Conrad Richter for The Town and to Carl Sandburg for Complete Poems Pennsylvania Authors Carl Sandburg American Authors Poetry 1951 Pulitzer Prizes American Collection
John Williams, a U.S. Senator from Delaware, Discloses Corruption in the Internal Revenue Service Delaware Political and Social Leaders Internal Revenue Service U.S. Congress Taxes State of Delaware
1952 Korean POWs Riot at Koje-do Taking Camp Commandant, Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd Hostage Korean War Prisoners of War Association Of The United States Army
1954 Defeat at Dien Bien Phu Ends French Involvement in Vietnam Vietnam France History Channel
1956 The South African Government Ends Recognition of Racially-Mixed Labor Unions South African Government Labor Unions Apartheid South African History
1958 Berkshire-Hathaway Company Announces It Is Closing Its Textile Mill in Adams, Massachusetts Adams, Massachusetts Labor Business Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1960 Leonid Brezhnev Is Selected as Soviet Party President Lenoid Ilicht Brezhnev History Channel
1965 White Voters in the British African Colony of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) Overwhelmingly Back Prime Minister Ian Smith Zimbabwe Government Vote BBC
1970 Seattle Police Department Deploys Plainclothes Officers as "Vigilantes" to Assault anti-War Protesters Seattle, Washington Vietnam War Crime Human Rights/Civil Rights HistoryLink
1975 U.S. Launches Explorer 53 Spacecraft to Study X-ray Emissions of Extragalactic Sources Space Exploration Radiation NASA
Anik A3 Is Third Domestic Communications Satellite Launched by NASA from Cape Canaveral for the Canadian Company Telesat Space Exploration NASA
1976 6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is Worst in Italy's Recorded History, Killing 550+ People, Leaving 80,000 Homeless Italy Earthquake Death BBC
1984 Vietnam Veterans Receive $180M for Agent Orange Lawsuit Vietnam War Law and Legal Resources Economics ABA Journal
5.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 3, Injures At Least 100 in Southern Italy. Italy Earthquake Death USGS
1986 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Alaska's Andreanof Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
1987 South African Government Bombs Destroy the Johannesburg Office of the Congress of South African Trade Union South African Government Labor Unions Apartheid South African History
1989 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1 and Destroys 5,300 Houses Along the Burma-China Border Burma China Earthquake Death USGS
Panamánian Voters Overwhelmingly Support an Opposition Candidate for President Soundly Defeating Dictator Manuel Noriega's Candidate Panamá Elections and Voting Carter Center
1992 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Is Ratified After 203 Years U.S. Congress 27th Amendment U.S. Constitution Online
Space Shuttle Endeavour Is Launched into Space for the First Time Space Shuttle Historic Firsts NASA Center for the Study of Technology & Society
1997 NASA's Galileo Spacecraft Flies by Jupiter's Moon Ganymede at a Distance of 1585 km Jupiter Space Exploration NASA
1998 U.S. Chrysler Merges with Germany's Daimler-Benz Chrysler Mercedes Automobiles Businesses & Corporations History Channel
1999 NATO Jet Mistakenly Bombs the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade: 3 Die Yugoslavia China War Death New York Times
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 - present
2000 Vladimir Putin Takes Office: Russia's First Democratic Transfer of Power Vladimir Putin Elections and Voting New York Times
2001 Thousands Greet Pope John Paul II on His Visit to the Syrian Capital Damascus Syria Pope John Paul II Catholicism BBC
2004 Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld Apologizes to Congress for Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners of War U.S. Congress President George W. Bush Iraqi War Prisoners of War War Crimes PBS
2007 Astronomers Observe the Brightest Supernova in Recorded History Stars NASA
President George Bush Hosts Great Britain's Queen Elizabeth II at a White House State Dinner British Political and Social Leaders Queen Elizabeth II President George W. Bush The American Presidency Bush Presidential Library
2008 In Russia, Dmitry Medvedev Takes the Presidential Oath of Office, Succeeding Vladimir Putin Russian Political and Social Leaders CNN