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MAY 18

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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which country adopted its constitution on this date in 1992? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two Hall of Fame baseball players were born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Bookrags, how old was Irene Hunt when she published her first novel? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. Which state voted to remove the confederate flag from its statehouse on this date in 2000? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Fact Monster, in what two universities did Pope John Paul II teach ethics? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Oyez, what law was Homer Plessy contesting in his landmark case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court on this date in 1896? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1929 work by Gunnar Gunnarsson (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of St. Andrews MacTutor biography, what was Omar Khayyam's full name?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, instead of going to school, how was Bertrand Russell educated?

3. According to the BBC, who were the two men who helped Walter Sisulu found the ANC Youth League in 1944?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1921 work by Bertrand Russell:
Omar Khayyam
Omar Khayyam
Born on This Date 1048

[Michigan State University]

Math Poetry

Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell
Born on This Date 1872

[Macalester College]

Math 1950 Nobel laureate for Literature

Irene Hunt
Irene Hunt
Born on This Date 1907

[Gale Group]

Young-adult Authors 1967 Newbery Medal for Up a Road Slowly

Walter Sisulu
Walter Sisulu
Born on This Date 1912

[Makerere University]

Human Rights/Civil Rights

Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
Born on This Date 1920



Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
International Museum Day
(Observed annually on May 18 since 1977)
Museums International Council of Museums
Haiti: Flag Day
(Commemorates adoption of the first Haitian flag: 05/18/1803)
Haiti U.S. Department of State Haitian Treasures
Sweden: Saint Eric Day
(Feast day of the patron saint of Sweden)
Sweden The Catholic Forum
Turkmenistan: Revival and Unity Day
(Commemorates adoption of the Turkmenistan constitution: 05/18/1992)
Turkmenistan U.S. Department of State
Uruguay: Battle of Las Piedras
(Commemorates the defeat of the Spanish near Montevideo: 05/18/1811)
Uruguay Spain U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1907 Irene Hunt (Illinois-born Children's Author Awarded the 1967 Newberry Medal) Irene Hunt Young-adult Authors 1967 Newbery Medal for Up a Road Slowly
1925 Lillian Hoban (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1927 Gloria D. Miklowitz (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1936 David Rees (English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
1943 Barbara Ann Porte (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1948 Ron Hirschi (Washington-born Children's Author) Washington State Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Animals Trees
1951 Colin McNaughton (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1952 Diane Duane (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Diane Duane Young-adult Authors Television
1954 Ken Mochizuki (Washington-born Asian-American Children's Author) Washington State Authors Young-adult Authors Baseball Asian-American Authors & Illustrators
Deborah Guarino (New Jersey-born Children's Author) New Jersey Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1959 Debbie Dadey (Kentucky-born Children's Author) Kentucky Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1889 Gunnar Gunnarsson (Icelandic Author) Gunnar Gunnarsson
1911 Michael Berry Hartwell (Welsh-born Editor of Britain's Daily Telegraph: 1954-87) Welsh Authors and Writers Journalism The Daily Telegraph
1921 Patrick Dennis (Illinois-born Author) Patrick Dennis
1931 Barbara Goldsmith (New York City-born Biographer, Novelist) New York City Authors
Artists, Architects and Designers
1846 Peter Carl Faberge (Russian Goldsmith, Designer, Jeweler) Peter Carl Faberge
1883 Walter Gropius (German-born Architect; Helped Found the Bauhaus School) Walter Gropius Architecture
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1616 Johann Froberger (German Composer, Organist, Harpsichordist) German Composers Composer/Organist
1892 Ezio Pinza (Italian-born Operatic Bass, Actor) Italian Performing Artists Opera
1919 Margot Fonteyn (English Ballerina) English Performing Artists Ballet
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1048 Omar Khayyam (Persian Poet, Mathematician, Astronomer) Omar Khayyam Poetry Mathematics
1872 Bertrand Russell (Welsh-born Philosopher, Mathematician; 1950 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Bertrand Russell Mathematics Philosophy 1950 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1889 Thomas Midgley (Pennsylvania-born Industrial Chemist) Pennsylvania Mathematicians and Scientists Organic Chemistry
1901 Vincent du Vigneaud (Chicago-born Biochemist; 1955 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Chicago Mathematicians and Scientists Biochemistry 1955 Nobel laureate for Chemistry
1939 Peter Grünberg (German Physicist; 2007 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Peter Grünberg Quantum Mechanics Computer Technology 2007 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Military Leaders
1798 Ethan Allen Hitchcock (Vermont-born Union General) Vermont Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1826 Martha Callahan (President of the Iowa Women's Suffrage Association) Iowa Political & Social Leaders American Female Political Leaders Women's Suffrage
1885 Eurico Dutra (Brazilian Soldier, President; Helped Restore Constitutional Democracy) Brazilian Political & Social Leaders
1904 Jacob Javits (U.S. Congressman from New York) New York City Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1912 Walter Sisulu (South African Statesman, Chairman of the African National Congress) Walter Sisulu Human Rights/Civil Rights
1920 Pope John Paul II (Polish-born Catholic Pope) Polish Political and Social Leaders Pope John Paul II
Performing Artists
1897 Frank Capra (Sicilian-American Film Director) Frank Capra Film Internet Movie Database
1911 Big Joe Turner (Missouri-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Big Joe Turner Popular Musician African-American  Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1912 Perry Como (Pennsylvania-born Popular Singer) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Popular Musician
Richard Brooks (Pennsylvania-born Screenwriter, Film Director and Producer) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1930 Pernell Roberts (Georgia-born Actor: Adam Cartwright on "Bonanza") Georgia Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database University of Georgia
1952 George Strait (Texas-born Country Musician) Texas Performing Artists Country Musicians
1955 Chow Yun-Fat (Hong Kong-born Actor) Chinese Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1937 Brooks Robinson (Arkansas-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Arkansas Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1946 Reggie Jackson (Pennsylvania-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame African-American  Sports Figures African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
526 Pope Saint John I (Italian-born Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes The Catholic Forum Concordia
1161 Saint Eric of Sweden (Christianizer of Finland, Ruler of Much of Sweden From 1150 to 1160) Sweden Religion The Catholic Forum Concordia
1675 Father Jacques Marquette (French Missionary to America) Father Marquette Catholicism North American Explorers Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1799 Pierre Beaumarchais (French Author, Playwright) French Authors Plays Opera
1911 Gustav Mahler (Austrian Composer) Gustav Mahler Composers
1931 Charles "Speed" Holman (Minnesota-born Aviator Killed in an Omaha, Nebraska Air Show) Minnesota Aviators Omaha, Nebraska Aviation
1955 Mary McLeod Bethune (South Carolina-born African-American Educator) Mary McLeod Bethune Education African American Political & Social Leaders
1958 Louis Begeman (Indiana-born Physicist, Author) Indiana Scientists & Mathematicans Physics Electrons American Authors
1963 Ernie Davis (Pennsylvania-born African-American Awarded the 1961 Heisman Trophy) Ernie Davis College Football Hall of Fame 1961 Heisman Trophy African American Sports Figures New York Times
1966 Jimmy G. Stewart (West Virginia Military Figured Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor) West Virginia Military Figures Vietnam War Congressional Medal of  Honor West Virginia Archives
1995 Alexander Godunov (Russian Ballet Dancer) Russian Performing Artists Ballet
Elizabeth Montgomery (Los Angeles-born Actress: Samantha on "Bewitched") Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Bewitched
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events that Occurred on this Date between 1000 & 1199
1161 Eric, King of Sweden, Is Beheaded As He Leaves Mass Sweden Religion Death The Catholic Forum Concordia
Historic Events of the 1200s that Occurred on this Date
1291 The Last Christian Territory Taken by the Crusaders, Acre, Is Captured by the Sultan of Egypt Egypt The Crusades Concordia
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1593 Thomas Kyd's Accusations Lead to Arrest Warrant for Christopher Marlowe Christopher Marlowe Thomas Kyd Law and Legal Resources History Channel
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1623 In Virginia, English Settlers Poison 200 Members of the Powhatan Village and Massacre Another 50 English Explorers Virginia Colonial Virginia Powhatan Crime Death Virginia Historical Society
1631 It Is Decreed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony That Only Puritans Will Be Freemen and May Vote Massachusetts Government Colonial Massachusetts Separation of Church and State Concordia
1642 French Missionaries Found Ville-Marie, the Future Montréal, Canada Canada Héritage Montréal New York Times
1652 Rhode Island Enacts the First Colonial Legislation Limiting Slavery Rhode Island Government Colonial Rhode Island Slavery Law Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1783 The First of Former Colonists Still Loyal to the Crown Arrive in Canada Canada Great Britain American Revolution History Channel
1791 President Washington Arrives in Augusta, Georgia Augusta, Georgia George Washington Augusta, Georgia University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803 British Declare War on France to Halt Napoleon's Advances Great Britain France Napoleon Bonaparte Historic UK
Haitian Leaders Dessalines and Petition Adopt a Design for Haiti's First Flag Haiti Haitian Treasures
1804 The French Senate Proclaims Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor of France France Napoleon Bonaparte French Ministry of Foreign Affairs New York Times
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The wind blew hard this morning from the West. we were enabled to employ our toe line the greater part of the day and therefore proceeded on tolerably well.

there are now but few sandbars, the river is narrow and current gentle. the timber consists of a few cottonwood trees along the verge of the river; the willow has in a great measure disappeared. in the latter part of the day the hills widened, the bottoms became larger, and contained more timber.

came too and encamped on the Lard. side opposite to the lower point of a small Island, two miles short of the extremity of the last course of this day.

Capt Clark in the course of his walk this evening killed four deer, two of which were the black tailed or mule deer; the skins are now good, they have not yet produced their young.— we saw a number of buffaloe, Elk, deer and Antelopes.— the saline substance frequently mentioned continues to appear as usual.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Garfield County, Montana Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Twelve hunters turned out this morning in different directions agreeably to the order of last evening. Potts and Whitehouse accompanied Collins to the bear he had killed on the 16th with which they returned in the afternoon. the colours of this bear was a mixture of light redish brown white and dark brown in which the bey or redish brown predominated, the fur was bey as well as the lower pertion of the long hairs, the white next succeeded in the long hairs which at their extremites were dark brown, this uncommon mixture might be termed a bey grizzle.—

our indian woman was busily engaged today in laying in a store of the fennel roots for the Rocky mountains. these are called by the Shoshones year-pah

at 2 P. M. 3 Indians who had been hunting towards the place at which we met with Chopunnish last fall, called by them the quawmash grounds, called at our camp; they informed us that they had been hunting several days and had killed nothing; we gave them a small peice of meat which they told us they would reserve for their small children who were very hungary; we smoked with them and they shortly after departed.

early this morning the natives erected a lodge on the opposite side of the river near a fishing stand a little above us. no doubt to be in readiness for the salmon, the arrival of which they are so ardently wishing as well as ourselves. this stand is a small stage are warf constructed of sticks and projecting about 10 feet into the river and about 3 feet above the surface of the water on the extremity of this the fisherman stands with his scooping net, which differ but little in their form from those commonly used in our country the fisherman exercised himself some hours today but I believe without success.

at 3 P. M. J. Fields returned very unwell having killed nothing.

shortly after an old man and woman arrived; the former had soar eyes and the latter complained of a lax and rheumatic effections. we gave the woman some creem of tartar and flour of sulpher, and washed the old man's eyes with a little eyewater.

a little before dark Drewyer R. Fields and LaPage returned having been also unsuccessfull they had killed a hawk only and taken the part of a salmon from an Eagle, the latter altho' it was of itself not valuable was an agreeable sight as it gave us reason to hope that the salmon would shortly be with us. these hunters had scowered the country between the Kooskooske and Collins's Creek from hence to their junction about 10 miles and had seen no deer or bear and but little sign of either.

shortly after dark it began to rain and continued raining moderately all night. the air was extreemly cold and disagreeable and we lay in the water as the preceeding night.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Bears Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1811 Uruguay's José Gervasio Artigas Defeats Spanish at Battle of Las Piedras Uruguay Spain
1822 Augustine Iturbide Proclaims Himself Emperor of Mexico Mexico Political and Social Leaders New Mexico Magazine
1858 Indians Rout a U.S. Army Detachment in Eastern Washington Washington Native-American Heritage Death History Link
1860 Abraham Lincoln Receives the Republican Nomination for President on the Third Ballot Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency The Republican Party History Channel Lincoln Papers
1863 General Grant's Union Forces Place Vicksburg, Mississippi under Siege Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant Siege of Vicksburg History Channel
The U.S.S. Kanawha Captures the Confederate Schooner Ripple Off the Florida Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 850 Die as Confederate and Union Forces Fight to a Standoff at Louisiana's Yellow Bayou Louisiana Battle of Yellow Bayou Ohio State University
1871 Kiowa Chief Satanta Leads Massacre of Wagon Train Near the Texas Red River Texas Satanta Westward Expansion Death History Channel Texas State Historical Association
1896 U.S. Supreme Court Affirms Racial Segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson Plessy v. Ferguson Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American History Oyez History Channel
1897 A Public Reading of Bram Stoker's New Novel ''Dracula'' Is Staged in London. London Bram Stoker Authors New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1908 Congress Passes Legislation Placing "In God We Trust" on Certain U.S. Coins U.S. Congress Separation of Church and State Currency U.S. Treasury
1910 The Earth Passes through the Tail of Halley's Comet Comets The Sun Red Orbit
1912 The Detroit Tigers Baseball Team Goes on Strike to Protest the Suspension of Ty Cobb Detroit Sports Figures Ty Cobb Labor Strikes Major League Baseball New York Times
1917 U.S. Congress Passes the Selective Service Act U.S. Congress World War I Law History Channel
1926 Popular Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson Disappears Aimee Semple McPherson Religion History Channel Concordia
1927 King of Kings First Film Shown at Hollywood's New Grauman's Chinese Theater Los Angeles Film History Channel
1929 The City of Holland, Michigan Holds Its First Tulip Festival Holland, Michigan Botany Holland, Michigan Tulip Festival Library of Congress
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt Signs Act Creating the Tennessee Valley Authority Franklin Roosevelt Tennessee Valley Authority Alabama Archives University of Georgia
1937 Ernest Hemingway Returns to the U.S. after 45 Days in Spain During the Civil War There Spain Ernest Hemingway American Authors Spanish Civil War American Collection
Construction Begins on a Navy Air Base on Alaska's Japonski Island Alaska Avaition Military History U.S. Navy Alaska Historical Society
1938 The United Party Receives 111 Parliamentary Seats to Win South Africa's General Election South African Government Elections South African History
1943 Hitler Gives Order for Operation Alaric, Occupation of Italy Italy Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
1944 British Troops Recapture Monte Cassino Great Britain Poland Nazi Germany World War II BBC
Soviets Begin Expulsion of 200,000 Tartars from the Crimea Soviet Union International Committee for Crimea
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Twelve Nations Agree to form North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO BBC
1951 United Nations Resolution Bans Shipment of Strategic Arms Materials to China United Nations China The Cold War PBS
1953 Jacqueline Cochran Is First Woman to Fly Faster Than the Speed of Sound Jacqueline Cochran Aviation Speed of Sound Women Historic Firsts Technology and Society
James Baldwin's First Novel, Go Tell It on the Mountain, Is Published James Baldwin American Authors African-American Authors American Collection
1959 Wilbert Harrison's "Kansas City" First Song to Debut at No. 100 and Climb to #1 Popular Music History Channel
1962 New York's Al Oerter Is the First Athlete to Throw the Discus 200 Feet Al Oerter Track and Field Hall of Fame Historic Firsts New York Times
1964 In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Students Boycott the Public Schools in Support of Equal Rights Milwaukee, Wisconsin Education Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage Wisconsin Historical Society
Ground Is Broken for the First Permanent Building at Florida's Lake-Sumter Community College Florida Education Education Lake-Sumter Community College Florida Historical Society
1966 West Virginia Staff Sergeant Jimmy G. Stewart Earns the Congressional Medal of Honor West Virginia Military Figures Vietnam War Congressional Medal of  Honor Death West Virginia Archives
1968 NASA Launches Nimbus-B Meteorological Research Satellite Space Exploration Meteorology NASA
1969 NASA Launches Apollo 10 As Rehearsal for a Moon Landing Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1974 India Becomes the World's 6th Nuclear Power with Explosion in Rajasthan Desert India Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1980 5.2 Magnitude Earthquake Is Felt in Washington & Oregon Just Seconds Before Mount St. Helens Erupts Washington State Oregon Earthquakes USGS
Washington State's Mount St. Helens Erupts after Being Dormant for 123 Years Washington State Mount St. Helens New York Times History Channel
1988 Raymond Carver Is Inducted into the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters Raymond Carver American Authors American Academy of Arts and Letters American Collection
1989 One Million Protesters Take to the Streets in Beijing China Human Rights/Civil Rights The Cold War History Channel
1990 East-West German Treaty First Step Toward Reunification German Reunification European History German Embassy, Washington, D.C.
1991 Helen Sharman Is the First Briton in Space Great Britain Space Exploration Women Historic Firsts BBC
1992 Turkmenistan Adopts Its Constitution Turkmenistan CIA World Fact Book
1994 Israel Ends Its 30-year Military Occupation of the Gaza Strip Israel Palestine Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs New York Times
1998 Federal Government Files Antitrust Lawsuit Against the Microsoft Corporation U.S. Government Bill Gates & the Microsoft Corporation Antitrust Law CNN
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 South Carolina Passes Bill to Remove Confederate Flag from Statehouse South Carolina Flag Controversy American Civil War Racism African-American History The Southerner