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MAY 19

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What tunnel was officially opened on this date in 1905? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What circus had its first performance on this date in 1884? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, what did General Grant do when his direct assault failed to overwhelm the city of Vicksburg on this date in 1863? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name a country where this date is recognized as a holiday, celebration or commemoration:

1. In which Montana county did the Lewis and Clark expedition camp on this date in 1805? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Rutgers University, with whom did Lorraine Hansberry study African Culture and History at the Jefferson School for Social Sciences in New York? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Augusta Chronicle, why did Tom Feelings think it is important to deal with the pain of our past? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book illustrated by Tom Feelings (according to Periscope):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, for what scientific contribution did Max Perutz receive the 1962 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

2. According to the New York Times, in what year did Ho Chi Minh organize the defeat of the French in the historic battle of Dienbienphu?

3. According to the African American registry, what was the Muslim name for Malcolm X?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Lorraine Hansberry (according to Malaspina Great Books):

Max Perutz
Born on This Date 1914

[Nobel Foundation]

Chemistry 1962 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Ho Chi Minh
Born on This Date 1919

[University of Erfurt]

Vietnamese Political and Social Leaders

Malcolm X
Born on This Date 1925

[Global African Community]

Civil Rights Activist

Lorraine Hansberry
Born on This Date 1930



Tom Feelings
Born on This Date 1933

[National Conference of Artists]

IllustratorCoretta Scott King Illustrator Award 1979, 1994, 1996

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Turkey: Ataturk Memorial, Youth & Sports Day
(Observed in commemoration of the start the War for Turkish Independence: 05/19/1919)
Turkey U.S. Department of State
Turkmenistan: Holiday of Poetry of Magtymuguly
(Observed annually on May 19 in honor of Magtymuguly, the national poet of Turkmenistan)
Turkmenistan U.S. Department of State Turkmenistan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1921 Pauline Clarke (British Children's Author) British Authors Young-adult Authors
1933 Tom Feelings (New York City-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Tom Feelings Primary Childrens Authors American Artists Notable African Americans Coretta Scott King Illustrator Awards 1979, 1994, 1996
1936 Peter J. Lippman (New York City-born Children's Author) New York Authors and Illustrators Primary Childrens Authors
1950 Arthur Dorros (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Washington, D.C. Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors American Artists
1952 Sarah Ellis (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors
1954 Elise Primavera (New Jersey-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New Jersey Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors American Artists
1957 Kimberly Bulcken Root (American Children's Author, Illustrator) American Authors and Illustrator Primary Childrens Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1930 Lorraine Hansberry (Chicago-born African-American Playwright: "A Raisin in the Sun") Lorraine Hansberry Plays Notable African Americans
1933 Edward de Bono (Malta-born Philosopher on Creativity and Lateral Thinking) Maltese Authors Philosophy Education Official Website
1934 Jim Lehrer (Kansas-born PBS Broadcast Journalist) Jim Lehrer Journalism Television
1941 Nora Ephron (New York City-born Journalist and Screenwriter) Nora Ephron Filmmakers Journalism
Artists, Architects and Designers
1593 Jacob Jordaens (Belgian Artist; Painted Scenes of Peasant Life) Belgian Artists Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1857 John Jacob Abel (Ohio-born Father of Modern American Pharmacology: First to Crystallize Insulin) Ohio Scientists and Mathematicians Medical Research
1914 Max Perutz (Austrian Crystallographer; 1962 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Max Perutz Crystallography Blood 1962 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business and Economic Leaders
1795 Johns Hopkins (Maryland-born Merchant Who Endowed Johns Hopkins University and Hospital) Johns Hopkins Philanthropy Medical Research Johns Hopkins
Political and Social Leaders
1611 Benedetto Odescalchi (Pope Innocent XI ) Catholicism
1762 Johann Gottlieb Fichte (German Philosopher and Patriot) German Political and Social Leaders Philosophy
1879 Nancy Witcher Astor (Virginia-born British Politician; First Woman Member of the British House of Commons) Virginia Political and Social Leaders British Government Virginia Historical Society
1890 Ho Chi Minh (Revolutionary Vietnamese Leader) Ho Chi Minh New York Times
1925 Malcolm X (Nebraska-born African-American Black Power/Civil Rights Leader) Nebraska Political and Social Leaders Malcolm X U.S. Civil Rights Movement Notable African Americans
1928 Pol Pot (Cambodian Leader of the Khmer Rouge) Pol Pot
Sports Figures
1908 Percy Williams (Canadian Gold Medal Sprinter in the 1928 Olympic Games) Canadian Sports Figures Track and Field 1928 Summer Olympic Games
1950 Rod Milburn (Louisiana-born African-American Olympic Gold Medalist Hurdler) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Track and Field Hall of Fame The Olympic Games Notable African Americans African American Registry
1976 Kevin Garnett (South Carolina-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) South Carolina Sports Figures Kevin Garnett Basketball Notable African Americans African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
988 Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury British Political and Social Leaders Theologians and Religious Leaders Archbishop of Canterbury Concordia Chambers' Book of Days
1536 Anne Boleyn (Queen of England: executed) British History Anne Boleyn
1777 Button Gwinnett (British-born American Patriot; Signer of the Declaration of Independence) British Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence University of Georgia
1795 Josiah Bartlett (Massachusetts-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence: New Hampshire Governor) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence History Channel
James Boswell (British Biographer of Samuel Johnson) James Boswell Authors
1864 Nathaniel Hawthorne (Massachusetts-born Author) Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors
1895 José Martí (Cuban Poet, Revolutionary) José Martí Poetry
1898 William Ewart Gladstone (4-time Prime Minister of England) British Political and Social Leaders
1921 Edward D. White (Louisiana-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1935 T.E. Lawrence (Welsh-born British Military Office (Lawrence of Arabia): Motorcycle Crash) T.E. Lawrence
1946 Booth Tarkington (Indiana-born Pulitzer Prize-winning Novelist) Indiana Authors American Authors Pulitzer Prize
1954 Charles Ives (Connecticut-born Composer) Charles Ives American Composers
1968 Adolf Dehn (Wisconsin-born Printmaker, Artist) Wisconsin Artists American Artists
1987 Alice B. Sheldon (Chicago-born Science Fiction Author Published as James Tiptree, Jr.) Alice B. Sheldon American Authors
1994 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (Wife of President John F. Kennedy) Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis President John F. Kennedy The American Presidency
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of that Occurred between 0-999 on this Date
715 Saint Gregory II Is Consecrated as Pope of the Catholic Church Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Catholic Forum Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1536 Anne Boleyn, Second Wife of King Henry VIII, Is Beheaded British History Anne Boleyn BBC
1588 The Spanish Armada Sets Sail from Lisbon, Portugal Intending to Invade Britain Spain Lisbon, Portugal Defeat of the Spanish Armada Writer's Almanac The History Channel
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1635 France Enters the Thirty Years War by Declaring War on Spain France Spain War French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1643 French Destroy the Spanish Infantry at the Battle of Rocroi France Spain War University of Wisconsin
Delegates from Four New England Colonies Meet in Boston to Form a Confederation. Colonial American History Native-American Studies University of Virginia New York Times
1659 War Erupts Between South Africa's Indigenous Khoikhoi and the Dutch East India Company South Africa War South African History
1662 England's King Charles II Requires All Ministers to Conform to the Anglican Book of Common Prayer British Political and Social Leaders King Charles II Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1713 In Massachusetts, More Than 200 People Riot on Boston Common over the High Price of Bread Boston, Massachusetts Colonial Massachusetts Foods and Nutrition Consumer Economics Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1749 Britain's King George II Grants Virginia Planters a Charter to Colonize Along the Ohio River Great Britain King George II Colonial America The Ohio River History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1802 French Legislature Passes Légion d'Honneur Proposed by Napoleon Bonaparte France Napoleon Bonaparte Légion d'Honneur
1804 Georgia Ratifies the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Georgia Government 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution The American Presidency University of Georgia
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

The explorers endured very bad weather consisting of violent wind and heavy rain. Although Clark was invited to a Ball, he declined with no reason provided. He was also visited by seven ladies today. According to one of Clark's men, he danced with several of them.
Missouri Women Weather University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The last night was disagreeably could; we were unable to set out untill 8 oclock A. M. in consequence of a heavy fogg, which obscured the river in such
a manner that we could not see our way; this is the first we have experienced in any thing like so great a degree; there was also a fall of due last evening, which is the second we have experienced since we have entered this extensive open country.

at eight we set out and proceeded as yesterday by means of the cord
principally, the hills are high and the country similar to that of yesterday. Capt Clark walked on shore with two of the hunters and killed a brown bear; notwithstanding that it was shot through the heart it ran as it's usual pace near a quarter of a mile before it fell. one of the party wounded a Beaver, and my dog as usual swam in to catch it; the beaver bit him through the hind leg and cut the artery; it was with great difficulty that I could stop the blood; I fear it will yet
prove fatal to him.

on Capt Clark's return he informed me that he had from the top of one of the adjacent hights discovered the entrance of a large stream which discharged itself into the Missouri on the Lard. side distant 6 or seven miles; from the same place he also saw a range of Mountains, bearing W. distant 40 or 50 miles; they appeared to proceed in a S. S. W. direction; the N. N. E. extremity of these mountains appeared abrupt.

This afternoon the river was croked, rappid and containing more sawyers than
we have seen in the same space since we left the entrance of the river Platte. Capt. C.. in the course of his walk killed three deer and a beaver, I also walked on shore this evening a few miles and killed an Elk, a buck, and a beaver. the party killed and caught 4 other beaver & 3 deer.

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Garfield County, Montana Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: It continued to rain this morning untill 8 OCk. when it became fair. We sent Charbono, Thompson, Potts, Hall and Wiser over the river to a village above in order to purchase some roots to eat with our lean bear meat. for this purpose we gave them a few awls, Kniting pins and Armbands. we were informed that there was a canoe to the village in which they could pass the river.

I sent Joseph and R. Feilds up the river in surch of the horse which I rode over the Rocky mountains last fall. he had been seen yesterday with a parsel of indian horses and has become almost wild.

at 11 A. M. Thompson returned from the village accompanied by a train of invalids consisting of 4 men and 8 women and a child. The men had soar eyes and the women in addition to soar eyes had a variety of other complaints principally rheumatic; a weakness and pain in the loins is a common complaint with their women. eyewater was administered to all; to two of the women cathartis were given, to a third who appeared much dejected and who from their account of her disease we supposed it to be histerical, we gave 30 drops of Laudanum. the several parts of the others where the rheumatic pains were seated were well rubed with volitile linniment. all of those poor wretches thought themselves much benefited and all returned to their village well satisfyed.

at 5 P. M. or marketers returned with about 6 bushels of the cows roots and a considerable quanty of bread of the same materials.

late in the evening Reubin and Joseph Feilds returned with my horse; we had him immediately castrated together with two others by Drewyer in the ordinary. we amused ourselves about an hour this afternoon in looking at the men running their horses. several of those horses would be thought fleet in the U States.

a little after dark Sheilds and Gibson returned unsuccessfull from the chase. they had seen some deer but no bear.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Bears Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1835 New England Magazine Publishes "Wakefield" by Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors Journalism American Collection
1836 Nine-year-old Cynthia Ann Parker Is Kidnapped by Indians Near Waco, Texas Notorious Texans Native-American Heritage History Channel Texas State Historical Association
1840 Eight U.S. Soldiers Are Killed in Skirmishes with Seminole Warriors in Florida Florida Seminole Indians Death Florida Historical Society
1849 Irishman William Hamilton Arrested after Firing Blank Shots at Queen Victoria British History Ireland Queen Victoria CNN
1857 Duluth, Minnesota Is Incorporated as a Town Duluth, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1860 Republican Nominating Committee Meets with Abraham Lincoln in His Springfield, Illinois Home Springfield, Illinois Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency The Republican Party Lincoln Papers Minnesota Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Revokes General Hunter's May 9 Order for Emancipation of Slaves Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Slavery Lincoln Papers
1863 Ulysses S. Grant's Attack on Vicksburg Fails Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant Battle of Vicksburg Library of Congress
1864 Ulysses S. Grant's Concedes Spotsylvania Court House to Lee Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee Battle of Spotsylvania The History Channel
President Abraham Lincoln Proposes Equal Benefits for Dependents of Civil War Dead Regardless of Race President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Economics African-American Heritage History Channel
U.S.S. DeSoto Captures the Confederate Schooner Mississippian Off the Florida Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1873 Missouri's Colored School #8 Is Opened Missouri History of Education African-American History African American Registry
1884 Ringling Brothers Open Their First Circus Traveling by Wagon with a Rented Horse The Circus Ringling Theatre History
1887 DeSoto County, Florida's 42nd County, Is Created by the State Legislature DeSoto County, Florida DeSoto County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1897 Oscar Wilde Is Released From Prison After Two Years Hard Labor Oscar Wilde Authors Prison History Channel
1899 The Illinois State Historical Society Is Established Illinois Illinois State Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Britain Officially Annexes the Tonga Islands The British Commonwealth Tonga CNN
1903 Bradenton, Florida Is Incorporated Bradenton, Florida Bradenton, Florida Florida Historical Society
1905 Simplon Tunnel Connecting Italy and Switzerland Is Officially Opened Italy Switzerland Mountains European History CNN
1906 The Federated Boys' Clubs, Forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of America, Is Organized. Boys and Girls Clubs of America New York Times
1910 A 500-pound Meteorite Lands in Texas as Earth Passes through the Tail of Halley's Comet Comets Meteorites Texas State Historical Association
1912 Two Die When a Ship's Gangplank Collapses in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Naval History Death History Link
1913 California's Governor Signs the Webb Alien Land Law to Prohibit Land Ownership by Japanese Farmers Ineligible for Naturalized Citizenship California Government Farming and Agriculture Law Asian-American Heritage Learn California
1916 French and British Reach Secret Agreement for Dividing Arab Territories After World War I France Great Britain World War I World History History Channel
1919 Indonesia's Mount Kelut Erupts: 5,000 Die Indonesia Volcanoes Smithsonian
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Lands at Samsun to Begin Turkish War of Independence Turkey Atatü
1920 A Matewan, West Virginia Gun Battle Between Miners and Owners Results in 10 Deaths Matewan, West Virginia Labor Death City Data West Virginia Archive
1921 U.S. Emergency Quota Act Establishes National Quotas for Immigrants U.S. Congress Immigration Law and Legal Resources New York Times
1928 1st Annual Calaveras County "Frog Jumping Jubilee" Held in Angel's Camp, CA Calaveras County, CA Mark Twain Frogs Calaveras County Fair & Jumping Frog Jubilee
1932 The German Armed Cruiser Karlsruhe Arrives at Juneau, Alaska on a Round-the-World Cruise Germany Juneau, Alaska Naval Military History Alaska Historical Society
1934 Coup Gives General Kimon Gheorgiev's Zveno Nationalists Control of Bulgaria Bulgaria Southeast Europe Online
The Wisconsin Progressive Party Is Formally Organized Wisconsin Third-Party Politics Wisconsin Historical Society
Zelda Fitzgerald Enters Sheppard-Pratt Hospital F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1940 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Shifts the California-Mexico Border a Few Feet Mexico California Earthquakes USGS
1943 Prime Minister Winston Churchill Pledges Britain's Full Support Against Japan Great Britain Japan Winston Churchill World War II The History Channel
1949 Martial Law Is Imposed in Taiwan, and Will Remain in Effect Until July 1987 Taiwan Government of Taiwan
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1956 Pope Pius XII Condemns Artificial Insemination as Immoral and Illicit Catholicism Religion Medical Research Concordia
1959 Maynard Jackson Is the First African-American to Receive a Library Card From the Atlanta Public Library Atlanta, Georgia Library Resources African-American Heritage Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1962 Marilyn Monroe Sings "Happy Birthday" at President Kennedy's Birthday Party Marilyn Monroe John F. Kennedy University of Illinois New York Times
1963 Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" Is Issued to the Public in a Press Release Dr. Martin Luther King Jr Letter from Birmingham Jail Alabama Archives
1964 U.S. Discloses 40 Hidden Microphones Found in Embassy in Moscow Soviet Union United States Department of State The Cold War U.S. Department of State New York Times
1967 Soviet Union Signs U.S./Britain Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons in Space Soviet Union Great Britain Historic Documents Nuclear Weapons The Cold War The History Channel
1971 Godspell Opens at the Cherry Lane Theater in New York City New York City Stage and Theater Religion Cherry Lane Theater Concordia
1973 Secretariat Wins the Preakness by 2 1/2 Lengths Ahead of Sham Maryland Horse Racing New York Times
1974 Giscard d'Estaing Defeats Mitterrand in French Presidential Election Runoff French Political and Social Leaders Politics and Elections BBC
1975 A Wind Storm Causes $5.1M Damages in Minnesota's Twin Cities Minnesota Wind Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1983 NASA Launches the Intelsat 5 Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1986 South African Forces Raid ANC Bases in Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe South Africa Botswana Zambia Zimbabwe War South African History BBC
1991 Willy T. Ribbs Is the First African-American Driver to Qualify for the Indianapolis 500 California Sports Figures Auto Racing African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts Indianapolis 500 History Channel
1992 Autopsy Doctors Confirm JFK Died from Two Bullets from Above and Behind Assassination of President John Kennedy Columbia Journalism Review
27th Amendment Goes Into Effect Prohibiting Congress From Giving Itself Midterm Pay Raises U.S. Congress 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Economics New York Times
1993 U.S. Government Recognizes the Angolan Government United States Government Angola U.S. Department of State
1994 Malawi's President Kamuzu Banda Concedes to Opposition's Bakili Muluzi Malawi Politics and Elections CNN South African History
1996 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-77) Loaded with Scientific Payloads Space Shuttle NASA
1997 Cyclone Kills 106 and Damages 400,000 Homes in Bangladesh Bangladesh Hurricanes and Cyclones Death Asian Disaster Management News
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-101) on Third ISS Assembly Mission Space Shuttle International Space Station NASA