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The Cameroon Flag The Cameroon Flag

MAY 20

The Cameroon Flag The Cameroon Flag
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What state seceded from the Union on this date in 1861? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year was Dolley Madison born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Random House, Mary Pope Osborne is the author of what popular book series? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name a children's author born on this day:
RICO CLARK CAR
INTERMEDIATE

1. In what year did Christopher Columbus die on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, with whom did Frédéric Passy share the 1901 Nobel Peace Prize? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the United States Mint, whose portrait did Dolley Madison save when the British burned the capital in 1814? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of one of the first five books from Mary Pope Osborne's Magic Tree House Series (according to Kidsreads):
TONES STRAIN A POP
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to his Hewlett-Packard biography, from what institution did William Hewlett receive his master's degree in electrical engineering?

2. According to Blupete.com, what was the title of John Stuart Mill's most famous work published in 1859?

3. According to the Fordham University Modern History Sourcebook, on what date was the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence first published in the Raleigh Register?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1837 work by Honoré de Balzac (according to Authors' Calendar):
A BAG ARM
 
 

Dolley Madison
Born on This Date 1768

[Library of Congress]

Wife of President James Madison


Honoré de Balzac
Born on This Date 1799

[Hungarian Electronic Library]

Playwright


Frédéric Passy
Born on This Date 1822

[Britannica]

First Nobel Laureate for Peace: 1901


William Hewlett
Born on This Date 1913

[Stanford University]

Co-founder of Hewlett-Packard


Mary Pope Osborne
Born on This Date 1949

[NCTE]

Primary Children's Author

 
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Cameroon: National Day
(Commemorates ratification of the Cameroon constitution: 5/20/1972)
Cameroon U.S. Department of State
Cuba: Independence Day
(Commemorates freedom from Spain 5/20/1898 and end of U.S. military protectorate 5/20/1902)
Cuba Miami-Dade County Florida George Bush Library
Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1898 Leclaire Gowans Alger (Ohio-born Children's Author Who Published under the Name of Sorche Nic Leodhas) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's  Authors University of Illinois
1917 Donald Elmer Lawson (Chicago-born Children's Author, Historian) Chicago Authors Young-adult Authors World History
1928 Shirley Rousseau Murphy (California-born Children's Author) California Authors Primary Children's  Authors Young-adult Authors
1935 Carol Carrick (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's  Authors Houghton-Mifflin
1945 Carolyn Croll (South Dakota-born Children's Author, Artist) South Dakota Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's  Authors American Artists MB Artists
1949 Mary Pope Osborne (Oklahoma-born Children's Author) Mary Pope Osborne Primary Children's  Authors
1963 Caralyn Buehner (Utah-born Children's Author) Utah Authors Primary Children's  Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1799 Honoré de Balzac (French Novelist, Short-Story Writer) Honoré de Balzac
1806 John Stuart Mill (English Philosopher, Economist) John Stuart Mill Philosophy Economics
1882 Sigrid Undset (Danish-Norwegian Novelist; 1928 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Danish Writers Norwegian Writers 1928 Nobel Laureate for Literature Writer's Almanac
1890 Allan Nevins (Illinois-born Journalist, Historian) Illinois Authors Journalism U.S. History
1894 Adela Rogers Saint Johns (Los Angeles-born Journalist, Novelist, Screenwriter) Los Angeles Authors & Illustrators Journalism Film
1900 Lydia Cabrera (Cuban-American Ethnologist, Writer) Cuban Authors & Illustrators Latin-American Authors African-American Authors African American Registry
1904 Margery Allingham (English Crime Novelist) English Writers
Artists, Architects and Designers
1759 William Thornton (British West Indies-born Architect of the U.S. Capitol Building) West Indies Architecture U.S. Capitol
1895 R. J. Mitchell (English Aircraft Designer of the Spitfire Fighter) English Artists & Designers Aviation World War II
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1943 Tison Street (Massachusetts-born Composer) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1944 David Walker (Georgia-born Astronaut) Georgia Explorers and Astronauts Astronauts NASA
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1851 Emil Berliner (German-American Inventor) German Inventors Inventors and Inventions Telephone Phonograph
1860 Eduard Buchner (German-American Chemist; 1907 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) German Scientists Enzymes 1907 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1913 William Hewlett (Michigan-born co-Founder of Hewlett-Packard Co.) William Hewlett Hewlett Packard
Business and Economic Leaders
1750 Stephen Girard (French-American Financier, Philanthropist) France Business
1818 William George Fargo (New York-born Founder Wells, Fargo & Company) New York Business Leaders Wells Fargo Company
Political and Social Leaders
1768 Dolley Madison (North Carolina-born Wife of U.S. President James Madison) Dolley Madison James Madison
1822 Frédéric Passy (French-born 1901 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Frédéric Passy Community Service 1901 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1872 Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (Kentucky-born Women's Rights Activist) Kentucky Political & Social Leaders Women Suffrage
1891 Earl Browder (Kansas-born Leader of American Communist Party) Kansas Political & Social Leaders American Communist Party
1899 John Marshall Harlan (Illinois-born Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court: 1955-71) Illinois Political and Social Leaders United States Supreme Court Oyez
1915 Moshe Dayan (Palestinian-born Israeli Military and Political Leader) Israeli Political & Social Leaders Palestine Biography
Performing Artists
1908 Jimmy Stewart (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Jimmy Stewart Actors Film The New York Times
1919 George Gobel (Illinois-born Comedic Actor) Illinois Performing Aritsts Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1930 James McEachin (North Carolina-born African-American Actor) North Carolina Performing Artists Actors Television African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1936 Anthony Zerbe (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1944 Joe Cocker (English Popular Singer) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1946 Cher (California-born Singer, Actress) California Performing Artists Popular Musicians Actors Film Biography
Sports Figures
1921 Hal Newhouser (Detroit-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Detroit Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame State of Michigan
1927 Bud Grant (Wisconsin-born Football Coach; Member of the Professional Football hall of Fame) Wisconsin Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
1940 Stan Mikita (Slovakian Member of the Ice Hockey Hall of Fame) Slovakian Sports Figures Ice Hockey Hall of Fame
Sadaharu Oh (Japanese Professional Baseball Player) Japanese Sports Figures Baseball
1942 Lynn Davies (Welsh-born Long Jump Gold Medal Winner at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics) Welsh Sports Figures Track & Field 1964 Tokyo Olympics
Frew McMillan (South African-born Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) South African Sports Figures Tennis Hall of Fame
1971 Tony Stewart (Indiana-born Auto Race Driver) Indiana Sports Figures Auto Racing Official Web Site
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1506 Christopher Columbus (Italian Explorer Given Credit for Discovering the "New World") Italy Christopher Columbus
1834 Marquis de Lafayette (French General) Lafayette American Revolution
1865 William King Sebastian (Tennessee-born U.S. Senator From Arkansas: 1848-1861) Tennesee Political and Socil Leaders Arkansas Political and Socil Leaders U.S. Senate Arkansas History Commission
1913 Henry Flagler (New York-born Industrialist, Railroad Magnate, co-Founder of Standard Oil) Henry Flagler Railroads Standard Oil
1989 Gilda Radner (Detroit-born Comedian) Detroit Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
2002 Stephen Jay Gould (New York City-born Scientist, Author) Stephen Jay Gould Science American Authors
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the Occurred on this Date frpm 0 - 999 AD
325 Nearly 300 Bishops Attend the First Ecumenical Council of Nicaea Which Will Establish the Core Beliefs of the Christian Church Religion Historic Firsts Catholic Encyclopedia Writer's Almanac
685 In Scotland, the Battle of Nechtansmere Forces the Angles Back Beyond the Forth Scotland War BBC
760 Halley's Comet Reaches Its Perihelion (Closest Point to the Sun) Comets NASA
Historic Events between 1100 - 1199 that Occurred on this Date
1191 English King Richard I 'the Lion Heart' Conquers Cyprus on His Way to Join the Crusaders at Acre in Northwest Israel England Cyprus Richard I War Historic UK
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1303 The Treaty of Paris Restores Gascony to the British in the Hundred Years War England France War European History CNN
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1497 Italian Explorer, John Cabot, Sets Sail for Newfoundland Having Been Granted a Permit by England's King Henry VII Newfoundland John Cabot England King Henry VII Explorers Naval History Historic Firsts Greenwich Guide
1498 Portuguese Explorer Vasco de Gama Is the First European to Reach India via the Atlantic Ocean Vasco de Gama India Explorers Naval History Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1609 The First Book of Shakespeare's Collected Sonnets Is Registered by Thomas Thorpe English History William Shakespeare Sonnets University of Toronto
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1747 James Lind Begins Experiment of Value of Citrus in Treating Scurvy Scottish Scientists Medical Research Foods & Nutrition University of  Virginia
1766 Colonists in New York Ring Church Bells and Set Off Fireworks to Celebrate the British Parliament's Repeal of the Stamp Act British Parliament Colonial New York Stamp Act New York Historical Society
1774 Parliament Passes Coercive Acts Extending Britain's Control over the Colonies British Parliament Colonial History San Diego City Schools
1775 Mecklenburg, North Carolina Declares Independence from England North Carolina American Revolution Fordham University
1778 Battle of Barren Hill: British Forces Attempt to Trap 2,200 Continentals Defending Valley Forge led by the Marquis de Lafayette Great Britain Marquis de Lafayette Valley Forge, Pennsylvania Valley Forge History Channel
1782 Disguised as a Man, Deborah Sampson Musters into the Massachusetts Militia Deborah Sampson American Revolution Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1791 In Augusta, Georgia, President George Washington Inspects Remains of British Fortifications Used During the Revolution Great Britain Augusta, Georgia President George Washington Forts American Revolution Georgia Historical Society
1792 British Lt. Peter Puget Leads the First Survey Tour of Puget Sound by Europeans British Explorers Washington U.S. Maps Historic Firsts History Link
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis was joined by several men in St. Louis who planned to accompany him to St. Charles where Clark was waiting. Along their journey, they were hit with a terrible storm which forced them to seek shelter in a little cabin for a short time. Because Lewis was determined to reach his destination on schedule, the men set out in the driving rain. The group eventually found the party which was in good spirits. St. Charles is located on the North Bank of the Missouri about twenty-one miles before the crossing of the Mississippi. The village consists of a Chapel, one hundred homes, and about 450 people. The explorers described the inhabitants as miserably poor, illiterate, and very friendly. They appeared to live in perfect harmony. These people are principally the descendants of the Canadian French. The explorers are loading for departure.
Canada Missouri Women Weather University of Nebraska
1805 A Spanish Royal Order Commands a Compilation of Data Concerning the True Boundary Between Texas and Louisiana Spain Mexico Texas Louisiana Louisiana Territory Texas State Historical Association
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Set out at an early hour as usual, the banks being favourable and water strong we employed the toe rope principally; river narrow and croked; country much as that of yesterday; immence number of the prickley pears in the plains and on the hills.

At the distance of 2¼ miles passed the entrance of a large Creek, affording but little water; this stream we named Blowing Fly Creek, from the immence quantities of those insects found in this neighbourhood, they infest our meat while roasting or boiling, and we are obliged to brush them off our provision as we eat.

At 11 A. M. we arrived at the entrance of a handsome bold river which discharges itself into the Missouri on the Lard. side; this stream we take to be that called by the Minnetares the [blank] or Muscleshell River; if it be the same, of which I entertain but little doubt, it takes it's rise, by their information in the 1st Chain of the Rocky Mountains at no great distance from the Yellow stone river,

[Musselshell River, here dividing Garfield and Petroleum counties, Montana, still bears the name the captains gave it, translating the Hidatsa name. It rises in the Castle Mountains in Meagher County, Montana, within one hundred miles of the Yellowstone River.]

We halted at thentrance of the river on the point formed by it's junction with the Missouri determining to spend the day, make the necessary observations and send out some hunters to explore the country. The Muscle Shell river falls into the Missouri 2270 miles above it's mouth, and is 110 yards in width, it affords much more water than streams of it's width generally do below, it's courant is by no means rappid, and from appearances it might be navigated with canoes a considerable distance; it's bed is coarse sand and gravel principally with an occasion mixture of black mud; it's banks abbrupt and about 12 feet high yet never appear to overflow; the waters of this river is of a greenish yellow cast, much more transparent than the Missouri, which last is also much more transparent than below but still retains it's whiteish hue and a proportion of it's sedement. the Missouri opposite to this point is deep, gentle in it's courant, and 222 yards in width.

The hunters returned this evening and informed us that the country continued much the same in appearance as that we saw where we were or broken, and
that about five miles abethe mouth of shell river a handsome river of about fifty yards in width discharged itself into the shell river on the Stard. or upper side; this stream we called Sâh-câ-gar me-âh or bird woman's River, after our interpreter the Snake woman.

[The stream, in Petroleum County, was for many years called Crooked Creek; it has since been renamed Sacagawea River.]

Capt Clark walked out today and killed two deer and an Elk, the hunters killed 4 deer and Elk and a buffaloe. I saw two large Owls with remarkable long feathers on the sides of the head which resembled ears; I take them to be the large hooting owl tho: they are somewhat larger and their colours brighter than those common to the U' States.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Garfield County, Montana Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: It rained the greater part of last night and continued this morning untill noon when it cleared away about an hour and then rained at intervals untill 4 in the evening. our covering is so indifferent that Capt C. and myself lay in the water the greater part of the last night.

Drewyer, and the two Feildses set out on a hunting excurtion towards the mountains. Shannon and Colter came in unsuccessfull, they had wounded a bear and a deer last evening but the night coming on they were unable to pursue them, and the snow which fell in the course of the night and this morning had covered the blood and rendered all further pursuit impracticable.

at 2 P. M. Labuish arrived with a large buck of the Mule deer speceis which he had killed on Collins's Creek yesterday. he had left Cruzatte and Collins on the Creek where they were to wait his return. he informed us that it was snowing on the plain while it was raining at our camp in the river bottom.

late in the evening Labuish and LaPage set out to join Collins and Cruzatte in order to resume their hunt early tomorrow morning. this evening a party of indians assembled on the opposite bank of the river and viewed our camp with much attention for some time and retired.—

at 5 P. M. Frazier who had been permitted to go to the village this morning returned with a pasel of Roots and bread which he had purchased. brass buttons is an article of which they people are tolerable fond, the men have taken advantage of their prepossession in favour of buttons and have devested themselves of all they had in possesson which they have given in exchange for roots and bread.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1829 Former Tennessee Governor Sam Houston Arrives in Little Rock, Arkansas on His Way to Cherokee Country Little Rock, Arkansas Tennesee Political and Socil Leaders Sam Houston Cherokee Arkansas History Commission
1830 H.D. Hyde of Reading, PA Patents the Fountain Pen Pennsylvania Scientists & Inventors Patents Inventors U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
1842 Graham's Magazine Publishes Edgar Allen Poe's "The Masque of the Red Death" Edgar Allen Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1846 The New York Philharmonic Society Performs the American Premiere of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 ("Choral") New York Philharmonic Ludwig von Beethoven Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1856 English Inventor David Edward Hughes Receives a Patent for the Printing Telegraph Ticker English Scientists & Mathemaitcians Patents Inventors Telegraph Center for Technology and Society
1859 Austrian & Italian Forces Battle at Montebello, Italy Austria Italy War European History The Volley & Bayonet Page
1860 The Atlantic Publishes Harriet Prescott Spofford's Poem "Circumstance" Maine Authors American Authors Journalism Poetry American Collection
1861 North Carolina Is the 11th & Final State to Secede from the Union North Carolina American Civil War University of North Carolina The New York Times Georgia Historical Society
Kentucky State Senate and Governor Approve Neutrality Passed by the House Kentucky American Civil War Kentucky Department of Tourism
Arkansas Is Admitted to the Confederacy Arkansas American Civil War Arkansas History Commission
The Capital of the Confederacy Is Moved from Montgomery, Alabama to Richmond, Virginia Montgomery, Alabama Richmond, Virginia American Civil War Holt, Rinehart and Winston The New York Times
1862 President Abraham Lincoln Signs the Homestead Act Abraham Lincoln Westward Expansion Historic Documents Library of Congress History Channel African American Registry
17 Union Troops Are Killed or Wounded in a Skirmish with Confederate Forces at Carr's Hill Near Florida's Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Death Florida Historical Society
1864 In Georgia, Sherman's Federal Troops Take a 3-day Break to Replenish Supplies Gerogia Sherman's March Georgia Historical Society
1865 General E. M. McCook, Commander of the Federal Occupation Forces in Florida, Ordered the U.S. Flag to be Raised over the State's Capitol Building Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1868 Republican Convention in Chicago First to Include African-American Delegates Chicago Politics African-American History Historic Firsts Chicago Public Library
1873 Jacob and Levi Strauss Receive Patent for Copper-Riveted Blue Jeans Patents & Trademarks Levi Strauss History Channel
1874 Tsar Alexander II of Russia Visits England Tsar Alexander II England Greenwich Guide
1875 17 Nations Sign the Convention of the Metre Standards of Measurement World History Colorado State University
1882 In Minnesota, 10,000 Trout and Salmon Are Added to Rice County's Cedar Lake Rice County, Minnesota Fish Minnesota Historical Society
1885 Harrold, Texas Is Officially Platted Harrold, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1893 In Texas, Amarillo Is Selected as the Seat of Potter County Amarillo, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1894 A Strike Breaker Is Killed by Striking Miners Near Birmingham, Alabama Birmingham, Alabama Labor Strikes Death Alabama State Archives
1899 New York Cab Driver Jacob German Is First Motorist Arrested for Speeding New York City Automobiles Law Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 The Second Modern Olympics Opens in Paris, France Paris, France 1900 Summer Olympics New York Times
1902 United States Ends its Military Occupation of Cuba Cuba National Archives and Records Administration The New York Times
In Minnesota, the State Federation of Afro-American Women's Clubs Is Organized in St. Paul St. Paul, Minnesota Women African-American Heritage Minnesota Historical Society
1909 Walter Eli Clark Is Appointed the 7th Governor of the District of Alaska Alaska Political and Social Leaders Alaska Historical Society
1915 British, Canadian and Indian Troops Attacks a German Line Located Near the French Village of Festubert Great Britain Canada India Germany France World War I History Channel
1916 In DeKalb County, Georgia the Face of Stone Mountain Is Deeded to the United Daughters of the Confederacy for Carving a Memorial to the Confederacy DeKalb County, Georgia Stone Mountain, Georgia American Civil War Georgia Historical Society
Norman Rockwell's First Saturday Evening Post Cover Norman Rockwell Journalism Artists Norman Rockwell Museum of Vermont
1918 Dunbar Hospital Is Incorporated as Detroit, Michigan's First Not-for-Profit Hospital for African Americans Detroit, Michigan Health Care Racism African-American Heritage State of Michigan African American Registry
1920 The Florida Legislature Establishes Union County as the State's 61st County Union County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1926 Air Commerce Act Establishes Customs Service Presence at U.S. Airports U.S. Customs Service Aviation History U.S. Treasury
1927 Charles Lindbergh Takes Off from Long Island, New York Bound for Paris Paris New York Charles Lindbergh Aviation History CharlesLindbergh.com History Channel
1929 Laurie Yonge Sets a World Record for Endurance, Flying Over North Florida for 25 Hours and 5 Minutes Florida Female Explorers and Aviators Aviation History Florida Historical Society
1932 Amelia Earhart Takes Off from Newfoundland Bound for Paris Paris Canada Amelia Earhart Aviation History National Postal Museum The New York Times
1933 Florida's First Civilian Conservation Corps Camp Is Established in Duval County for the Purpose of Creating 25 Miles of Fire Breaks Duval County, Florida Labor New Deal Trees Fire Florida Historical Society
1935 In Washington, Mary Pickford Begins a National Stage Tour at Seattle's Metropolitan Theatre Mary Pickford Seattle, Washington Stage and Theater History Link
1939 Pan American Airways Begins Trans-Atlantic Mail Service Flying New York to Europe New York Aviation History Historic Firsts American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics The New York Times
1940 Germans Break Through to the French Coast of the English Channel Nazi Germany France World War II History Channel
1941 Germans Forces Invade the Island of Crete Nazi Germany Greece World War II The Learning Site
1942 Japanese complete the capture of Burma and reach India Burma Japan World War II The History Place
Glenn Miller Records "I've Got A Gal in Kalamazoo" Glenn Miller Popular Music JazzNetwork.com
1943 The U.S. Marine Band Performs a Special Concert on the White House South Lawn for President Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill The White House President Franklin Roosevelt Winston Churchill Music World War II Marine Corps Band American Public Media
1946 W.H. Auden Becomes a U.S. Citizen W.H. Auden Poetry History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 U.S. Air Force Captain James Jabara Is the First Jet Air Ace Korean War Aviation History Historic Firsts U.S. Army
1954 Bill Haley and the Comets Release "Rock Around the Clock" Bill Haley Popular Music Rockabilly Hall of Fame
1956 United States Drops Hydrogen Bomb over Bikini Atoll The Cold War Atomic Bomb History Channel
1958 In Washington, Fire Destroys the Seattle Cedar Manufacturing Wood Mill Seattle, Washington Trees Fire History Link
1961 Freedom Riders Are Attacked by an Angry Mob as They Arrive at the Greyhound Bus Terminal in Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery, Alabama African-American Heritage U.S. Civil Rights Movement BBC African American Registry The New York Times Alabama State Archives
The Ford Motor Company Complete Construction of President Kennedy's Presidential Limousine President John F. Kennedy The American Presidency Automobiles Ford History Channel
1965 A Pakistan Airways Boeing 707 Crashes Upon Landing at the Airport in Cairo, Egypt, Killing 124 People Cairo, Egypt Pakistan Air Crashes Death History Channel
1969 U.S. and South Vietnamese Forces Capture Hamburger Hill in One of the Bloodiest Battles of the Vietnam War Vietnam War History Channel
1970 100,000 People Demonstrate in New York's Wall Street District in Support of U.S. policy in Vietnam and Cambodia New York City Propaganda Vietnam War The New York Times
Beatles' Film Let It Be Premieres in Great Britain The Beatles Film Internet Movie Database
1972 Cameroon Referendum Endorses Creation of the Republic of Cameroon Cameroon University of Iowa
1975 England's Queen Elizabeth II Inaugurates the 28" Telescope in the Old Royal Observatory at Greenwich Greenwich, England Queen Elizabeth II Observatories Greenwich Guide
1977 In Washington, the Seattle Aquarium Opens Seattle, Washington Zoos and Aquaria Seattle Aquarium History Link
1978 NASA Launches Pioneer Venus Orbiter to Explore and Map Venus Space Exploration Venus NASA
1979 Eudora Welty's Ida M'Toy Is Published by the University of Illinois Press Eudora Welty American Authors American Collection
1980 59.5% of Quebec Voters Reject Separatism Canada Politics and Elections CBC
1983 An African National Congress Rush-Hour Car Bomb Kills 17 and Injures Nearly 200 in South Africa's Capital of Pretoria Pretoria, South Africa Apartheid Automobiles Terrorism Death BBC South African History
1985 Dow Jones Industrial Average Closes above 1300 for First Time Markets & Investments Historic Firsts Dow Jones
1987 An African National Congress Bomb Kills 3 and Injures 10 in Johannesburg, South Africa's Magistrate's Court Johannesburg, South Africa Apartheid Terrorism Death South African History
1989 Sunday Silence Edges Easy Goer to Win the Closest Race in the 114-year History of the Preakness Stakes Maryland Horse Racing The Preakness History Channel New York Times
1990 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Damages Buildings in Sudan Sudan Earthquakes USGS
1991 The South African Government Restricts the Carrying of Traditional Weapons, Such as Spears and Axes South African Government Law South African History
A Court Ruling Settles a 17-year Legal Battle Between Ojibwe Indians and the State of Wisconsin Wisconsin Ojibwe Indians Law Wisconsin Historical Society
1992 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Over 50 People in Pakistan, Destroying More Than 400 Homes Pakistan Earthquakes Death USGS
1993 93 Million View the Final Episode of Cheers on NBC Television Museum of Broadcast Communications Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1995 Pennsylvania Avenue Is Permanently Closed to Traffic in Front of the White House Washington, D.C. White House Terrorism University of California Santa Barbara The New York Times
1996 On a 6-3 Vote, the U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down an Amendment to Colorado's State Constitution Restricting Rights of Homosexuals Colorado Government U.S. Supreme Court Human Rights/Civil Rights Law Constitutional Law History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2002 East Timor Becomes an Independent Nation East Timor The New York Times
2005 NASA Launches NOAA N Polar-Orbiting Weather and Climate Satellite Arctic Antarctic Space Exploration Weather NASA
2010 Scientist Craig Venter Announces Development of the First Synthetic Cell Craig Venter The Cell DNA Scientific Research Historic Firsts National Public Radio
Mexican President Felipe Calderon Addresses a Joint Session of the U.S. Congress Mexico U.S. Congress National Public Radio