Maritime Seal Maritime Seal

MAY 22

Maritime Seal Maritime Seal

National Martime Day Poster

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which country celebrates Immigrants Day on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year was National Maritime Day established by the U.S. Congress? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to CNN, Bernard Shaw was a member of the CNN anchor team since the network's inception in what year? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name a country celebrating a holiday on this date:

1. Which U.S. president's library and museum was dedicated on this date in 1971? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to, what did Arthur Conan Doyle study at Edinburgh University? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, in which European cities did Mary Cassatt study from 1865-1868? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an opera by Richard Wagner (according to the Classical Music Pages):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to, who saved Richard Wagner from ruin in 1864?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, Herbert Brown was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work with compounds containing what two elements?

3. According to the K-12 TLC Guide to Sri Lanka, what is the name of an author born in Ceylon in 1943?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Mary Cassatt (according to the National Gallery of Art):

Richard Wagner
Born on This Date 1813



Mary Cassatt
Born on This Date 1844

[ABC Gallery]

Young adult Author

Arthur Conan Doyle
Born on This Date 1859

[Edinburgh University]


Herbert C. Brown
Born on This Date 1912

[Nobel Foundation]

Chemist 1979 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Bernard Shaw
Born on This Date 1940


Broadcast Journalist

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Canada: Immigrants Day
(In recognition of the contributions immigrants have made to Canada)
Canada Immigration
Sri Lanka: National Heroes Day
(Observed annually on this date in commemoration of Ceylon changing its name to Sri Lanka 05/22/1972)
Sri Lanka Trade Port
United States: National Maritime Day
(Established by Congress in 1933 as an annual May 22 observance)
U.S. Dept of Transportation Naval History U.S. Merchant Marines Cornell School of Law
Yemen: Day of National Unity
(Commemorates of the unification of North & South Yemen: 5/22/1990)
Yemen AME Info
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1933 Arnold Lobel (Los Angeles-born Children's Author & Illustrator) Arnold Lobel Young-adult Authors American Artists
1946 Ruth Young (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1841 Catulle Mendes (French Poet, Playwright, Novelist) French Writers
1859 Arthur Conan Doyle (Scottish Short Story Writer, Author of the Sherlock Holmes Novels) Arthur Conan Doyle
1891 Johannes Becher (German Poet, Critic, Editor) German Writers
1892 José P. H. "Peache" Hernández (Puerto Rican Pharmacist, Musician, Poet) Puerto Rico Hispanic Heritage
1914 Vance (Oakley) Packard (California-born Journalist and Social Critic) California Authors Journalism Writer's Almanac
1927 Peter Matthiessen (New York City-born Author) Peter Matthiessen
1934 Garry Wills (Georgia-born Author) Garry Wills
Artists, Architects and Designers
1844 Mary Cassatt (Pennsylvania-born Painter and Printmaker) Mary Cassatt American Artists
1875 Lucy May Stanton (Georgia-born Artist, Teacher with a Unique Style for Miniatures) Georgia Artists American Artists University of Georgia
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1813 Richard Wagner (German Composer) Richard Wagner Classical Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1828 Albrecht von Grafe (German Eye Surgeon; Founder of Modern Ophthalmology ) German Scientists and Mathematicians Medicine Sight
1912 Herbert C. Brown (English-American Organic Chemist: 1979 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Herbert Brown Organic Chemistry 1979 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1920 Thomas Gold (Maine-born Astronomer) Maine Scientists Astronomy
1921 George Simms Hammond (Austrian Organic Chemist ) Austrian Scientists Organic Chemistry
1927 George A. Olah (Hungarian Organic Chemist) Hungarian Scientists and Mathematicians Organic Chemistry
Business and Economic Leaders
1928 T. Boone Pickens (Oklahoma-born Business Leader) Oklahoma U.S. Business Leaders
Military Leaders
1884 William Tatum Wofford (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1672 Louis de Buade Frontenac (French Courtier, Governor of New France: 1672-82, 1689-98) French Poltical and Social Leaders
1717 Francois-Joachim Bernis (French Statesman, Catholic Cardinal) France Catholicism
1885 Giacomo Matteotti (Italian Socialist Leader) Italian Political Leaders
1942 Marguerite Ross Barnett (Virginia-born Educator; President University of Houston) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note African American Political and Social Leaders University of Houston African American Registry
Peter J. Gomes (Massachusetts Religious Leader) MA Social Leaders Religion
Performing Aritsts
1907 Laurence Olivier (English Academy Award-Winning Actor, Director, Producer) Laurence Olivier Actors Film 1949 Academy Award for Best Actor in Hamlet Internet Movie Database
1914 Herman "Sonny" Blount (Alabama-born Keyboardist) Alabama Performing Artists Popular Music
1924 Charles Aznavour (French Singer, Composer) French Performing Atists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1927 Michael Constantine (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1934 Peter Nero (New York City-born Pianist, Music Director) New York City Performing Artists Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1938 Susan Strasberg (New York City-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Richard Benjamin (New York-born Actor, Director) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Frank Converse (Missouri-born Actor) Missouri Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1940 Michael Sarrazin (Canadian Actor) Candian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Bernard Shaw (Chicago-born African-American Broadcast Journalist) Bernard Shaw Broadcast Journalism Television Notable African Americans
1941 Paul Winfield (Los Angeles-born African-American Actor) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1942 Barbara Parkins (Canadian Actress) Canadian Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1970 Naomi Campbell (English Model, Actress) English Performing Artists Actors
1972 Alison Eastwood (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1921 Marshall Teague (Florida-born Auto Racer) Florida Sports Figures Auto Racing
1943 Tommy John (Indiana-born Major League Baseball Pitcher) Indiana Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1802 Martha Dandridge Custis Washington (Virginia-born Wife of American President George Washington) Martha Washington George Washington
1885 Victor Hugo (French Author) Victor Hugo
1967 Langston Hughes (Missouri-born African-American Poet) Langston Hughes Poetry Notable African Americans
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1370 Accused of Disrespect for Christian Sacraments, Jews Are Banished from Belgium Belgium Judaism
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1455 The War of the Roses Begins as Yorkists Take King Henry VI Prisoner at Battle of St. Albans British History King Henry VI Historic UK History Channel
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1542 Pope Paul III Calls the Council of Trent to Address the Challenges of Reformation Catholicism Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1690 British Parliament's Act of Grace Forgives Followers of James II British History Law and Legal Resources James II British History Online
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1761 First U.S. Life Insurance Policy Issued in Philadelphia Pennsylvania Business Historic Firsts New York Times
1781 Patriots Fail to Capture the Village of Ninety-Six, Along South Carolina's Saluda River South Carolina American Revolution History Channel
1782 British Begin the Withdrawal of All Forces From Georgia Great Britain Georgia American Revolution University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: A fine morning we exposed all our baggage to air and dry as well as our store of roots and bread purchased from the natives.

permited Windsor and McNeal to go to the indian village. Sergt. Ordway and Goodrich returned this morning with a good store of roots and bread.

about noon 2 indian men came down the river on a raft and continued at our camp about 3 hours and returned to their village.

we sent out Shannon and Colter to hunt towards the mountains. we sent Sergt. Pryor down to the entrance of Collins's Creek to examine the country and look out for a good position for an encampment on the river below that Creek, having determined to remove our camp below that crek if it continues high, as soon as we have completed our canoe, as the country to which we are confined to hunt at present is limited by this creek and river to a very narrow tract, and game have already become scarce. if we can obtain a good situation below the entrance of this creek it will be much more eligible as the hunting country is more extensive and game more abundant than above.

The horse which the indians have given us to kill was driven away yesterday by the natives with a gang of their horses I presume in mistake; being without meat at noon we directed one of the largest of our colts to be killed. we found the flesh of this animal fat tender and by no means illy flavoured. we have three others which we mean to reserve for the rocky mountains if we can subsist here without them.

my horse which was castrated the day before yesterday wounded his thigh on the iner side with the rope by which he was confined that evening and is now so much swolen with the wound the castraiting and the collection of vermen that he cannot walk, in short he is the most wretched specticle; I had his wounds clensed of the vermen by washing them well with a strong decoction of the bark of the roots & leaves of elder but think the chances are against his recovery.

at 3 P. M. we observed a large party of Indians on horseback in pursuit of a deer which they ran into the river opposite to our camp; Capt. C. Myself & three of our men shot and killed the deer in the water; the indians pursued it on a raft and caught it. it is astonishing to see these people ride down those steep hills which they do at full speed.

on our return to camp we found Drewyer the Two Feildses Gibson and Sheilds just arrived with five deer which they had killed at a considerable distance towards the mountains. they also brought with them two red salmon trout which they had purchased from some indians whom they had met with on their return to camp.—

Two Indians who were just arrived at our camp informed us that these salmon trout remained in this river the greater part of the winter, that they were not good at this season which we readily discovered, they were very meagre. these indians also informed us that there were at this time a great number of salmon at no great distance from hence in Lewis's river which had just arrived and were very fat and fine, they said it would be some yet before they would ascend this river as high as this place.

a party of the natives on the opposite shore informed those with us that a party of the Shoshones had two nights past surrounded a lodge of their nation on the South side of Lewis's river, that the inhabitants having timely discovered the enimy effected their retreat in the course of the night and escaped.

Charbono's Child is very ill this evening; he is cuting teeth, and for several days past has had a violent lax, which having suddonly stoped he was attacked with a high fever and his neck and throat are much swolen this evening. we gave him a doze of creem of tartar and flour of sulpher and applyed a poltice of boiled onions to his neck as warm as he could well bear it.

Sergt. Pryor returned late in the evening and informed us that he had been down the river eight miles and that the clifts set in so abruptly to the river he could get no further without returning several miles back and ascending the hills and that he had thought it best to return and ride down tomorrow on the high plain as he believed the mouth of the creek was a considerable distance. Drewyer who has been at the place informs us that it is about 10 ms. and that there is no situation on the river for some distance below this creek which can possibly answer our purposes.—

we dryed our baggage &c perfectly and put it up.—

Ordway: a clear cold frosty morning.

the most of the women went out eairly with their horses to dig roots. the women do the most of the Slavery as those on the Missourie

the men went eairly to a Swet house built a large fire and put in a large quantity of Small Stone and het them red hot then put them in some water in the swet hole which was prepared for that purpose & only a hole big enofe to git in one at a time. about 12 at on once got in to the hole untill they Sweet then went in the water and bathed themselves. then in the hole again and bathed themselves in that way for about 2 hours. they Signed to me that it was to help them of Some disease & Sore eyes, &C. &C.

I then returned with a back load of white roots to the Encampment.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Bears Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1819 The Savannah Begins Its Savannah-Liverpool Voyage as the First Steamboat to Cross the Atlantic Ocean Liverpool, England Savannah, Georgia Steamboats Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1824 U.S. House Passes Tariff Act Henry Clay U.S. House Taxes History Channel
1843 First Major Wagon Train Heads West on the Oregon Trail The Oregon Trail Historic Firsts History Channel
1848 Louis Pasteur Announces Separation of Optical Isomers Louis Pasteur Chemistry LeMoyne
1849 Abraham Lincoln Is Granted a Patent For a Device to Lift Boats Over Shoals Abraham Lincoln Patents and Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Boats Lincoln Papers Lincoln Papers
1856 Preston Brooks (SC) Attacks Charles Sumner (MA) on the Floor of the U.S. Senate South Carolina Political and Social leaders Charles Sumner U.S. Senate Slavery History Channel Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1863 U.S. War Dept Establishes Bureau of Colored Troops U.S. Government Civil War African Americans Heritage National Archives African American Heritage
U.S.S. Fort Henry Captures the Sloop Isabella in Florida's Wacasassa Bay Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1865 Jefferson Davis Is Jailed at Virginia's Fort Monroe Virginia Jefferson Davis Forts Civil War Virginia Historical Society
1868 Reno Gang Steals $96,000 at the Great Train Robbery Near Marshfield, Indiana Reno Brothers Crime HistoryNet
1872 President Grants Signs Amnesty Act Restoring the Civil Rights of Former Confederates President U.S. Grant Civil War Civil Rights College of St. Scholastica
On His 59th Birthday, Richard Wagner Lays the Cornerstone of His Festival Theater in Bayreuth, Germany Richard Wagner Classical Composers American Public Media
1882 The United States and Korea Sign the Treaty of Peace, Amity, Commerce and Navigation Korea World History Asian-American Heritage Cornell University
1888 Minneapolis, Minnesota Architect LeRoy S. Buffington Patents a Steel Skeleton Construction Method Allowing Structures to be Built to Any Height Minneapolis, Minnesota Architecture Patents and Trademarks Minnesota Historical Society
1897 The Blackwell Tunnel Is Opened Beneath England's Thames River Great Britain Rivers Greenwich Guide
1898 The First Lightship Is Deployed Off the Washington Coast Washington Naval History Lighthouses Historic Firsts History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 The U.S. Congress Creates Crater Lake National Park Oregon U.S. Congress Volcanoes National Park Service
1906 Wright Brothers Receive Patent for Flying Machine with Motor Wright Brothers Patents USPTO
In Alaska, a Devastating Fire Sweeps through the Fairbanks Business District Fairbanks, Alaska Fire Business Alaska Historical Society
1911 The Carlos Villalongín Dramatic Company Opens at the Teatro Aurora in San Antonio San Antonio, Texas Stage and Theater Hispanic Performing Artists Texas State Historical Association
1917 Austrian-Hungarian Prime Minister Ivan Tisza Resigns at the Request of the Emperor, Karl I Austria Hungary European History World War I History Channel
1925 In Minnesota, Temperatures Reach 100°F in the Towns of Tracy and New Ulm Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1927 8.3 Magnitude Earthquake Near Xining, China Kills 200,000 China Earthquakes Death USGS
1932 NY Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt Gives the Commencement Address at Georgia's Oglethorpe University Georgia Education New York Political and Social Leaders Franklin D. Roosevelt Oglethorpe University University of Georgia
1933 West Virginia's Legislature Creates 55 County School Boards West Virginia Education Education West Virginia Archives
1938 E.S. Votey of Detroit Patents the First Pneumatic Player Piano Detroit Scientists & Inventors Patents and Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Pianos Historical Soceity of Michigan (pdf)
1939 Hitler & Mussolini Create Military Alliance with 'Pact of Steel' Nazi Germany Italy European History History Channel
1944 Allies Begin Systematic Bombing of German Railroads Nazi Germany Railroads Aviation History World War II
A 3-cent U.S. Stamp Commemorates the 125th Anniversary of the Savannah's Atlantic Crossing Liverpool, England Savannah, Georgia Steamboats Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1945 Kurt Vonnegut Receives the Purple Heart for His Time as a German Prisoner of War Kurt Vonnegut American Authors World War II American Collection
1947 Congress Enacts the Truman Doctrine with Aid to Greece & Turkey U.S. Congress The Truman Doctrine Economics New York Times
The U.S. Launches Its First Ballistic Missile U.S. Military War Historic Firsts Technology and Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Los Angeles TV Station KTLA Provides First Broadcast of an Atomic Explosion From the Nevada Desert Nevada Los Angeles Nuclear Weapons Television Historic Firsts Chicago Tribune
1955 Last Episode (#925) of the Jack Benny Radio Show Airs Jack Benny Radio
1960 9.5 Magnitude Earthquake and Associated Tsunami Kills Hundreds in Chile and Hawaii Chile Hawaii Earthquakes Tsunami Death USGS
1962 USAF Major Robert Rushworth Takes X-15 to Mach 5.03 (3,450 mph) and a Peak Altitude of 100,400' Aviation History Air and Space Museum
1964 President Lyndon Johnson Promotes His "Great Society" to 85,000 People at Michigan Stadium Michigan Lyndon Johnson Human Rights/Civil Rights State of Michigan
1966 Bill Cosby Is the First African-American to Receive the Best Actor Emmy Bill Cosby The Emmy African American History Historic Firsts African American Registry
1967 Egyptian President Nasser Closes Straits of Tiran to Israel Egypt Israel Naval History BBC
Fire Kills 322 at the L'Innovation Department Store in Brussels, Belgium Brussels, Belgium Fire Safety Death History Channel
1968 Wisconsin's New NBA Franchise Is Named the Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee, Wisconsin Basketball NBA Wisconsin Historical Society
1969 Apollo 10 Module Flies Within 9 Miles of Moon's Surface NASA Lunar Exploration BBC
1970 South Africa's Cricket Tour of England Is Canceled Due to Expected Anti-Apartheid Protests South Africa Great Britain Apartheid BBC
1971 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1,000 and Almost Destroys Bingol, Turkey Turkey Earthquakes Death USGS
The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum Is Dedicated at the University of Texas Texas President Lyndon Johnson Presidential Libraries and Museums Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum Texas State Historical Association
1972 Richard Nixon Is First American President to Visit Moscow The Soviet Union Richard Nixon Historic Firsts History Channel BBC
Ceylon Adopts New Constitution & Becomes Republic of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka New York Times
1975 NASA Launches Intelsat 4 Telecommunications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1977 Janet Guthrie Is the First Female to Qualify for the Indianapolis 500 Iowa Sports Figures Indianapolis 500 Women Historic Firsts New York Times
Jimmy Carter Reaffirms Human Rights As a Foreign Policy Priority Jimmy Carter Human Rights History Channel
1980 Pac-Man Is First Relased in Japan Japan Computer Technology Wikipedia
1981 NASA Launches GOES-5 Meteorological Satellite Space Exploration Meteorology NASA
1990 North & South Yemen Merge to Form Republic of Yemen Yemen History Channel
1991 Queen Elizabeth II Visits the First African-American Baptist Church in Houston, Texas Queen Elizabeth II Houston, Texas Religion African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1992 The Final Tonight Show with Johnny Carson Airs Johnny Carson Television New York Times
1993 The First Full-length Movie Is Broadcast on the Internet The Internet Film Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1998 Irish Voters Overwhelmingly Approve Northern Ireland Peace Accord Ireland Northern Ireland Voting BBC
6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 105 and Destroys Many Homes in Central Bolivia Bolivia Earthquakes Death USGS
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2000 Arkansas Supreme Court Recommends President Clinton's Disbarment Arkansas Bill Clinton Law and Legal Resources CNN
2002 Former Klansman Bobby Frank Cherry Is Convicted of Murder in 1963 Alabama Church Bombing Birmingham, Alabama Racism Law PBS
2003 Annika Sorenstam Is First Women in 58 Years to Compete in a PGA Event Annika Sorenstam The PGA Golf New York Times
Beethoven's Final Manuscript for His Ninth Symphony Auctions for $3.43M Ludwig van Beethoven Composers Economics and Business CNN
2011 Tornado Destroys Much of Joplin, Missouri - Killing More Than 100 People Joplin, Missouri Tornados Death CNN