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MAY 24

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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What movie premiered on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who became the second American to orbit the Earth on this date in 1962? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the University of Southern Mississippi, from what institute did Diane deGroat receive a bachelor's degree in 1969? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. What two things happened to Nicolaus Copernicus on this date in 1543? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Houston, where was Daniel Fahrenheit living when he first learned about thermometers? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Britannia, how old was Victoria when she ascended to the throne as Queen of England? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1977 work by Joseph Brodsky (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. What famous painting of George Washington did Emanuel Leutze paint?

2. According to the International Tennis Hall of Fame, why was Suzanne Lenglen unable to compete for the Wimbledon Championship in 1924?

3. According to USA Today, Patti LaBelle says that when you have diabetes you have to treat your body like a temple instead of what?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a member of the credited cast who appeared in M*A*S*H with Gary Burghoff (according to the Internet Movie Database):
Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit
Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit
Born on This Date 1686

[Technika a trh]


Queen Victoria
Born on This Date 1819

[British Monarchy]

British Monarchy
Helen Brooke Taussig
Helen Brooke Taussig
Born on This Date 1898

[Gale Group]

Coleman Young
Coleman Young
Born on This Date 1918

[Detroit Free Press]

Political Leader
Diane deGroat
Diane deGroat
Born on This Date 1947

[Author Illustrator Source]

Primary Children's Authors American Artists

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Belize: Commonwealth Day and Emancipation Day
(Observed annually on May 24)
Bermuda: Bermuda Day
(Observed annually on May 24)
Bermuda Bermuda Online
Bulgaria: Day of Bulgarian Education and Culture and of Slavonic Alphabet
(Observed annually on May 24)
Bulgaria Bulgarian Embassy, New Delhi
Eritrea: Liberation Day
(Commemorates 1993 liberation from Ethiopia)
Eritrea Ethiopia U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1892 Elizabeth Foreman Lewis (Maryland-born Children's Author: Awarded the 1933 Newbery Medal) Maryland Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors China Awarded 1933 Newbery Medal for Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze
1942 Paula Taylor (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Wisconsin Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1947 Diane deGroat (New Jersey-born Children's Author and Illustrator) Diane deGroat Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1962 Candace Fleming (Indiana-born Children's Author) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1850 Henry Grady (Georgia-born Journalist: Namesake of Grady County, Georgia) Georgia Authors Journalism University of Georgia
1855 Arthur Wing Pinero (English Playwright) Arthur Wing Pinero Plays
1905 Mikhail Sholokhov (Russian-American Poet; 1965 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Russian Authors & Illustrators 1965 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1928 William Trevor (Irish Novelist, Short Story Writer, Playwright) William Trevor Plays
1940 Joseph Brodsky (Russian-American Poet; 1987 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Joseph Brodsky Poetry 1987 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1963 Michael Chabon (Washington, D.C.-born Novelist) Washington, D.C. Authors Official Website Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1816 Emanuel Leutze (German-American Painter of Historic Events, Including "Washington Crossing the Delaware") Emanuel Leutze Washington Crossing the Delaware
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1936 Harold Budd (Los Angeles-born Composer) Los Angeles Composerss American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1544 William Gilbert Essex (English Physicist) English Scientists & Mathematicians Physics Electricity & Magnetism
1686 Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (German Physicist, Developer of the Temperature Scale Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit Temperature
1890 John Charles Rock (Massachusetts-born Gynecologist: Pioneer in Birth Control) Massachusetts Scientists and Mathematicians Medical Research Birth Control Technology and Society
1898 Helen Brooke Taussig (Massachusetts-born Physician: Founder of the Field of Pediatric Cardiology) Helen Brooke Taussig Medical Research Children's Health Care Cardiology
1903 Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt (German Biochemist; 1939 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) German Scientists and Mathematicians Anatomy Medical Research Women's Health 1939 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry Technology and Society
Harry Hammond Hess (New York City-born Geologist; Pioneered the Concept of the Expanding Ocean Floor) New York City Scientists and Mathematicians Geology Oceanography
Political and Social Leaders
1870 Benjamin Cardozo (New York City-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) New York City Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1819 Victoria, Queen of England Great Britain Queen Victoria
1870 Jan Smuts (South African Statesman, Soldier, Prime Minister from 1919-24) South Africa Political and Social Leaders South African History
1878 Harry Emerson Fosdick (New York-born Protestant Minister, Teacher, Author) New York Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians
1918 Coleman Young (Alabama-born African-American Mayor of Detroit) Coleman Young Detroit Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1912 Joseph Anthony (Wisconsin-born Actor, Director) Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Wisconsin Historical Society
1923 Siobhan McKenna (Irish Actress) Irish Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1937 Archie Shepp (Florida-born Jazz Saxophonist) Florida Political and Social Leaders Jazz
1941 Bob Dylan (Minnesota-born Singer, Songwriter) Bob Dylan Folk Musician Rock and Roll Hall of Fame American Composers/Songwriters
1943 Gary Burghoff (Connecticut-born Actor: Radar in M*A*S*H, Charlie Brown on Broadway) Connecticut Performing Artists Actors M*A*S*H Internet Movie Database
1944 Patti LaBelle (Pennsylvania-born African-American Popular Singer) Patti LaBelle Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists
1945 Priscilla Presley (New York-born Actress: Wife of Elvis Presley) New York Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
1955 Rosanne Cash (Tennessee-born County Singer) Tennessee Performing Artists Country Musicians
1960 Kristin Scott Thomas (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1899 Suzanne Lenglen (French Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) French Sports Figures Gold Medalist, 1920 Summer Olympics International Tennis Hall of Fame
1910 Jimmy Demaret (Texas-born Member of the World Golf Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1089 Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury English Political and Social Leaders Theologians and Religious Leaders Archbishop of Canterbury Concordia
1543 Nicolaus Copernicus (Polish Astronomer) Nicolaus Copernicus Space & Astronomy Solar System
1974 Duke Ellington (Washington, D.C.-Born African-American Conductor, Composer) Duke Ellington Popular Musicians American Composers/Songwriters African-American Composers/Songwriters History Channel
1879 E.H. (Ernest Howard) Shepard (English Artist of the Winnie-the-Pooh Books) E.H. Shepard Artists Winnie the Pooh
1995 Harold Wilson (Prime Minister of England) English Political & Social Leaders
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1200s that Occurred on this Date
1276 In England, Jews Are Forced to Pay Three Pence Each and Wear Yellow Badges Great Britain Judaism Human Rights/Civil Rights Concordia
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1543 Copernicus's The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies Is Published Nicolaus Copernicus Solar System Fordham University
1547 Charles V Defeats the Lutherans at the Battle of Muehlberg, Reclaiming Germany for the Holy Roman Empire Germany Religion War Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1624 King James I Dissolves the Charter for the Virginia Company of London Great Britain Virginia King James I Colonial Virginia Virginia Historical Society
1689 British Act of Toleration Provides Religious Freedom to Protestants British History Religion Acton Institute Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1738 In London, John Wesley Undergoes a Religious Conversion That Will Lead to the Methodist Church English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians The United Methodist Church University of Georgia
1749 Free Spade, Axe, Cow, Sow, Ploughshare, Two Wagons and Seed Are Offered to Settlers in Detroit Detroit, Michigan Farming and Agriculture State of Michigan
1775 John Hancock Is Elected President of the Second Continental Congress John Hancock Constitutional Congress History Channel
1783 Aaron Dexter Hired As the First Chemistry Professor of Harvard Medical School Education Chemistry Harvard Medical School Lemoyne College
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The water standing in the vessels freized during the night of an inch thick, ice also appears along the verge of the river. the folage of some of the cottonwood trees have been entirely distroyed by the frost and are again puting forth other buds.

the high country in which we are at present and have been passing for some days I take to be a continuation of what the Indians as well as the French Engages call the Black hills. This tract of country so called consists of a collection of high broken and irregular hills and short chain of mountains sometimes 120 miles in width and again becomeing much narrower, but always much higher than the country on either side;

We set out at an early hour this morning and proceed on principally by the
chord untill about 9 A. M. when a fine breeze sprung up from the S. E. and enabled us though the ballance of the day to employ our sails to advantage; we proceed at a pretty good pace notwithstanding the courant of the river was very strong.

the air is so pure in this open country that mountains and other elivated objects appear much nearer than they really are; these mountains do not appear to be further than 15 m. we sent a man up this creek to explore the country he returned late in the evening and informed that he had proceeded ten miles directly towards these mountains and that he did not think himself by any mean half way these mountains are rockey and covered with some scattering pine.

Capt. Clark walked on shore this evening and killed a buffaloe cow, we left 2 Canoes and six men to dress the Cow and bring on the meat, they did not overtake us this evening. game is becoming more scarce, particularly beaver,
of which we have seen but few for several days the beaver appears to keep
pace with the timber as it declines in quantity they also become more scarce.

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Phillips County, Montana Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The child was very wrestless last night; it's jaw and the back of it's neck are much more swolen than they were yesterday tho' his fever has abated considerably. we gave it a doze of creem of tartar and applyed a fresh poltice of onions.

we ordered some of the hunters out this morning and directed them to pass Collins's creek if possible and hunt towards the quawmash feilds.

William Bratton still continues very unwell; he eats heartily digests his food well, and his recovered his flesh almost perfectly yet is so weak in the loins that he is scarcely able to walk four or five steps, nor can he set upwright but with the greatest pain. we have tryed every remidy which our engenuity could devise, or with which our stock of medicines furnished us, without effect. John Sheilds observed that he had seen men in a similar situation restored by violent sweats. Bratton requested that he might be sweated in the manner proposed by Sheilds to which we consented.

[Various diagnoses of Bratton's ailment have been offered. Some persons have suggested an abdominal infection, but this seems unlikely. One possibility is an inflammation or strain of the sacroiliac joint. Other possibilities include a herniated intervertebral disc, or an infection of an intervertebral disc with osteomyelitis of the adjacent vertebral margins. If the last, then the heating was probably not the cause of the recovery]

Sheilds sunk a circular hole of 3 feet diamiter and four feet deep in the earth. he kindled a large fire in the hole and heated well, after which the fire was taken out a seat placed in the center of the hole for the patient with a board at bottom for his feet to rest on; some hopps of willow poles were bent in an arch crossing each other over the hole, on these several blankets were thrown forming a secure and thick orning of about 3 feet high. the patient being striped naked was seated under this orning in the hole and the blankets well secured on every side. the patient was furnished with a vessell of water which he sprinkles on the bottom and sides of the hole and by that means creates as much steam or vapor as he could possibly bear, in this situation he was kept about 20 minutes after which he was taken out and suddonly plunged in cold water twise and was then immediately returned to the sweat hole where he was continued three quarters of an hour longer then taken our covered up in several blankets and suffered to cool gradually. during the time of his being in the sweat hole, he drank copious draughts of a strong tea of horse mint. Sheilds says that he had previously seen the tea of Sinnecca snake root used in stead of the mint which was now employed for the want of the other which is not be found in this country.— this experiment was made yesterday; Bratton feels himself much better and is walking about today and says he is nearly free from pain.—

at 11 A. M. a canoe arrived with 3 of the natives one of them the sick man of whom I have before made mentions as having lost the power of his limbs. he is a cheif of considerable note among them and they seem extreemly anxious for his recovery. as he complains of no pain in any particular part we conceive it cannot be the rheumatism, nor do we suppose that it can be a parelitic attack or his limbs would have been more deminished. we have supposed that it was some disorder which owed it's origine to a diet of particular roots perhaps and such as we have never before witnessed. while at the village of the broken arm we had recommended a diet of fish or flesh for this man and the cold bath every morning. we had also given him a few dozes of creem of tarter and flour of sulpher to be repeated every 3rd day. this poor wretch thinks that he feels himself of somewhat better but to me there appears to be no visible alteration. we are at a loss what to do for this unfortunate man. we gave him a few drops of Laudanum and a little portable soup.

4 of our party pased the river and visited the lodge of the broken Arm for the purpose of traiding some awls which they had made of the links of small chain belonging to one of their steel traps, for some roots. they returned in the evening having been very successfull, they had obtained a good supply of roots and bread of cows.— this day has proved warmer than any of the preceeding since we have arrived here.—

Clark: a fine morning the child was very restless last night its jaw and back of its neck is much more Swelled than it was yesterday. I gave it a dost of Creme of Tarter and a fresh Poltice of Onions.

ordered Shields, Gibson, Drewyer, Crusat, Collins, and Jo. & rubin Fields to turn out hunting and if possible Cross Collins Creek and hunt towards the quar mash fields.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 England's Dartmoor Prison Is Opened to House French Prisoners of War Great Britain Prison Prisoners of War Dartmoor Prison Historic UK
1818 Spanish Troops in Florida Surrender Fort Barrancas to Major General Andrew Jackson Spain Florida Andrew Jackson Forts Florida Historical Association
1819 The First Court in Pulaski County, Arkansas Is Held in the Home of Samuel McHenry Pulaski County, Arkansas Law Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1822 de Sucre's Victory at Pichincha Liberates Much of Northern South America South America Spain Historical Text Archive
1825 Surveying Begins Along the Sauk Trail for a Road Between Detroit and Chicago (Today's U.S. 12) Detroit, Michigan Chicago Sauk Indians Transportation Historical Society of  Michigan
1830 First U.S. Passenger Railroad Service Begins in Maryland Maryland Railroad Historic Firsts Trainweb New York Times
1844 Samuel Morse Sends First Telegraph Message: Baltimore to Washington, D.C. Samuel Morse The Telegraph Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1854 Anthony Burns, a Fugitive Slave From Virginia, Is Captured and Arrested in Boston Capture and Arrest of Anthony Burns Virginia Slavery Fugitive Slave Act African-Amewrican Heritage PBS African American Registry Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1856 John Brown Massacres Slavery Sympathizers in Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Kansas John Brown Abolition African-American History PBS
1858 Henry H. Sibley Is Installed as the First Governor of Minnesota Minnesota Political and social Leaders Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth, A Close Friend of President Lincoln, Is the First Union Officer Killed in the Civil War Alexandria, Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Death Lincoln Papers Smithsonian Magazine
1862 President Lincoln Uses Telegraph to Contact Generals and Direct Troop Movements at Front Royal, Virginia Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War The Telegraph Lincoln Papers
Two Federal Vessels Capture the Confederate Steamer Swan West of Florida's Tortugas Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Association
1863 Outlaw Henry Plummer Is Elected Sheriff of Bannack, Montana Notorious People of Montana Notorious Americans Bannack State Park History Channel
The U.S.S. Port Royal Captures the Confederate Sloop Fashion Near Apalachicola Bay, Florida Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Association
1864 Grant Attacks Lee for Second Day at North Anna, Virginia Robert E. Lee Grant Battle of North Anna River History Channel
1865 In Georgia, Bandits Rob Two Wagon Trains Filled with Gold Remnants of the Confederate Treasury Georgia American Civil War Gold Crime University of Georgia
1878 The First American Bicycle Race Is Held at Beacon Park in Boston Massachusetts Bicycles Historic Firsts Louisiville Bicycle Club
1879 The Arkansas State Horticultural Society Is Organized by 19 Men Meeting in the Little Rock Council Chamber Arkansas Botany Arkansas Encycloedpia of History and Culture Arkansas History Commission
1880 Florida's First Telephone Exchange Opens in Jacksonville with 34 Subscribers Jacksonville, Florida Telephone Historic Firsts Jacksonville, Florida Florida Historical Association
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge, Linking Brooklyn and Manhattan, Is Opened to Traffic The Brooklyn Bridge Bridges New York Times History Channel
1890 Seattle Defeats Spokane in the First Professional Baseball Game Played in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Baseball Historic Firsts History Link
1893 The Ohio Anti-Saloon League Is Formed in Oberlin Oberlin,Ohio Drug and Substance Abuse Ohio Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 78 Miners Die in a Series of Explosions at the Universal Mine Near Caerphilly, Wales Wales Labor Death BBC
1905 The Florida Legislature Creates St. Lucie as Florida's 46th County St. Lucie County, Florida St. Lucie County, Florida Florida Historical Association
1917 British Introduce the Convoy System Using War Ships to Protect Merchant Ships Crossing the Atlantic Great Britain Naval History WWI History Channel
1921 South African Police Shoot and Kill 163 Land Squatters Who Refuse to Leave a Settlement at Bulhoek South Africa Crime Death South African History
1924 Lincoln Motion Pictures Is the First Movie Company Organized by African-American Filmmakers Film African-American Performing Artists Historic Firsts Hollywood Heritage African American Registry
WDBO Radio in Orlando, Florida Makes Its Inaugural Broadcast Orlando, Florida Radio Historic Firsts WDBO Florida Historical Association
1925 William Faulkner Publishes "Sunset," in the New Orleans Times-Picayune William Faulkner American Authors Journalism American Collection
1927 Two Die in West Virginia Collision of a Freight Train and Passenger Train West Virginia Railroad Death West Virginia Archives
1929 The Marx Brothers' First Film, The Cocoanut, Opens in Los Angeles Los Angeles The Marx Brothers Film History Channel
1930 Amy Johnson Is the First Woman to Fly from England to Australia England Australia Aviation Women BBC
Playland Amusement Park Opens in North Seattle Seattle, Washington Roller Coaster History Link
1935 Reds 2, Phillies 1 in the First Night Baseball Game Ohio Baseball Light Bulb Firsts San Francisco State University New York Times
1941 German Battleship Bismarck Sinks British Dreadnought Hood Great Britain Nazi Germany Naval History WWII History Channel
1943 Josef Mengele, "the Angel of Death," Arrives at Auschwitz Nazi Germany Holocaust War Crimes History Channel
1946 The First Radar for Civilian Flying in the U.S. Is Installed at Weir Cook Airport, Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis, Indiana Aviation Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 D.C. Court of Appeals Rules Racially Segregated Restaurants Illegal Law & Legal Resources Racism Long Island University
1957 Chinese Rioters Sack the U.S. Embassy in Taipei, Taiwan Taiwan Marine Embassy Guard Association
1958 United Press and International News Service Merge to Form UPI Journalism Business United Press International New York Times
1962 Scott Carpenter Is Second American to Orbit the Earth Scott Carpenter Space Exploration NASA
William Faulkner Accepts the Gold Medal for Fiction from the National Institute of Arts and Letters William Faulkner American Authors National Institute of Arts and Letters American Collection
1967 NASA Launches Explorer 34 Satellite to Study Interplanetary Magnetic Fields Space Exploration The Solar System NASA
1968 President Charles de Gaulle Demands the French People to Back Him or Accept His Resignation Charles de Gaulle BBC
1973 Tom Bradley Is Elected as the First African-American Mayor of Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California Political and Social Leaders Elections African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Learn California
1975 Soyuz 18 Carries 2 Cosmonauts to Space Station Salyut 4 Soviet Space Program Space Exploration NASA
1976 British Concorde Begins First Trans-Atlantic Flight Service to Washington, D.C. Great Britain Washington, D.C. Aviation BBC
1983 Supreme Court Rules Segregated Private Schools Are Not Tax Exempt Supreme Court Education Taxes Racisim Oyez
1985 America Online Is Founded as Quantum Computer Services The Internet Business & Economics AOL Wired
1986 Margaret Thatcher Is First British Prime Minister to Visit Israel Israel Margaret Thatcher Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1987 Al Unser Sr. Wins His Fourth Indianapolis 500 At the Age of 47 New Mexico Sports Figures Auto Racing Indianapolis 500 New York Times
1989 Indiana Jones & the Last Crusade Premieres in the United States Film Internet Movie Database
Xerox Claims Intellectual Rights to the Concept of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) History of Computer Technology Law Patents and Trademarks Xerox Technology and Society
Wind Levels Thousands of Trees from Hinckley, Minnesota to Woodruff, Wisconsin Hinckley, Minnesota Woodruff, Wisconsin Wind Trees Minnesota Historical Society
1992 Al Unser Jr. Beats Scott Goodyear by .043 Seconds to Win the Indianapolis 500 New Mexico Sports Figures Auto Racing Indianapolis 500 New York Times
1993 Eritrea Gains Independence from Ethiopia after 30-yr War Eritrea Ethiopia U.S. Department of State
1994 Four Convicted for Bombing New York's World Trade Center Are Sentenced New York World Trade Center Terrorism Law & Legal Resources National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism New York Times
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 Israeli Troops Pull Out of Lebanon Ending 22 Years of Occupation Israel Lebanon CNN