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MAY 27

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Children's Day
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What bridge was first opened on this date in 1937? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What ocean liner began its maiden voyage on this date in 1936? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Rutgers University, what was the profession of M.E. Kerr's father? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a political or social leader born on this date:

1. Who was indicted for crimes against humanity on this date in 1999? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, what was Wild Bill Hickok's position on slavery? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to TIME, in what magazine was Rachel Carson first published? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Rachel Carson (according to the Lakewood Public Library):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Princeton University, for which New York City building did David Crosthwait design the heating system?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, who shared the 1973 Prize for Peace with Henry Kissinger?

3. According to the Library of Congress, how long is the Golden Gate Bridge's orange-painted structural steel suspension span?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1970s work by John Cheever (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Wild Bill Hickok
Born on This Date 1837

[Mendota Museum & Historical Society]

Notorious Americans

David Crosthwait
Born on This Date 1898

[Princeton University]

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer

Rachel Carson
Born on This Date 1907


Earth and Environmental Scientist Author

Henry Kissinger
Born on This Date 1923


Statesman1973 Nobel Laureate for Peace

M.E. Kerr
Born on This Date 1927

[Western Illinois University]

Young-adult Author

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Nigeria: Children's Day
(Annual day off from school: May 27)
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Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1927 M.E. Kerr (New York-born Children's Author) M.E. Kerr Young-adult Authors
1934 Lynn Sweat (Louisiana-born Children's Author) Louisiana Authors Young Adult Authors American Artists & Illustrators Brief Biographies
1944 Garnet Nelson Jackson (Louisiana-born African-American Educator, Poet, Children's Author) Louisiana Authors Educators of Note Young Adult Authors Poetry African American Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1819 Julia Ward Howe (New York City-born Author, Lyricist of the Battle Hymn of the Republic) Julia Ward Howe The Battle Hymn of the Republic American Civil War
1894 Louis-Ferdinand Céline (French Novelist) Louis-Ferdinand Céline
Dashiell Hammett (Maryland-born Novelist, Mystery Writer of "The Maltese Falcon," "The Thin Man") Dashiell Hammett
1912 John Cheever (Massachusetts-born Novelist, Short Story Writer Awarded the 1979 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction) John Cheever 1979 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
1915 Herman Wouk (New York City-born Novelist of "The Caine Mutiny," "The Winds of War," "War and Remembrance" Herman Wouk War
1925 Tony Hillerman (Oklahoma-born Mystery Novelist) Tony Hillerman
1930 John Barth (Maryland-born Novelist) John Barth
1932 Linda Pastan (New York City-born Poet) Linda Pastan Poetry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1871 Georges Rouault (French Painter, Printmaker, Ceramist, Maker of Stained Glass) French Artists Artists
1963 Thomas Trevor Motswai (Deaf South African Artist) South African Artists Deafness South African History
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1908 Harold Rome (Connecticut-born Songwriter) Connecticut Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1898 David Crosthwaite (Tennessee-born African-American Electrical and Mechanical Engineer) David Crosthwait Inventors and Inventions Notable African Americans
1907 Rachel Carson (Pennsylvania-born Environmentalist, Author of "Silent Spring") Rachel Carson Earth and Environmental Science American Authors
1909 William Hansen (California-born Pioneer of Microwave Technology) California Scientists and Mathematicians Physics Inventors and Inventions
Explorers and Frontiersmen
1837 Wild Bill Hickok (Illinois-born Frontiersman, Lawman, Scout, Marksman) Wild Bill Hickok American Civil War Westward Expansion
Business Leaders
1794 Cornelius Vanderbilt (New York-born Shipping and Rail Magnate) Cornelius Vanderbilt Ships Railroads Business and Economics
1836 Jay Gould (New York-born Rail Magnate) New York Business Leaders Railroads Business and Economics
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1890 Vivian Harsh (The First African-American Professional Librarian in the Chicago Public Library System) Chicago Political and Social Leaders Libraries African-American Political and Social Leaders Chicago Public Library African American Registry
1936 Richard R. Green (Arkansas-born African-American Educator) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1818 Amelia Bloomer (New York-born Women's Rights Activist) New York Social Leaders Women Civil Rights/Human Rights
1862 Elizabeth Haldane (Scottish Social Reformer, Author) Scottish Political and Social Leaders BBC
1911 Hubert Humphrey (South Dakota-born U.S. Senator From Minnesota; Vice-President of the United States) Hubert Humphrey Minnesota Political Leaders U.S. Congress President Lyndon Johnson
1918 Yasuhiro Nakasone (Prime Minister of Japan) Japanes Political and Social Leaders
1923 Henry Kissinger (German-American Secretary of State; 1973 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Henry Kissinger U.S. Government Richard Nixon Vietnam War 1973 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Performing Aritsts
1911 Vincent Price (Missouri-born Actor) Vincent Price Actors Film Television
1935 Ramsey Lewis (Chicago-born African-American Jazz Musician) Chicago Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artsts Internet Movie Database
1936 Louis Gossett Jr. (New York City-born African-American Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film African American Performing Artsts
1961 Peri Gilpin (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1912 Sam Snead (Virginia-born Member of the International Golf Hall of Fame) Virginia Sports Figures Golf Hall of Fame
1968 Frank Thomas (Georgia-born African-American Professional Baseball Player) Georgia Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball African-American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1564 John Calvin (French Theologian) John Calvin Theologians and Religious Leaders
1661 Archibald Campbell, Marquis of Argyll (Scottish Aristocrat Executed on Orders of England's King Charles II) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Charles II of England BBC
1831 Jedediah Smith (New York-born Frontiersman Killed by Comanche Indians on the Santa Fe Trail) Jedediah Smith Comanche Indians Westward Expansion History Channel
1887 Horace King (South Carolina-born African-American Master Builder of Bridges, Courthouses and the Alabama State Capitol) South Carolina Artists & Architects Alabama Artists & Architects Georgia Artists & Architects Bridges African-American Artists & Architects Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1964 Jawaharlal Nehru (First Prime Minister of India) Jawaharlal Nehru
1975 Ezzard Charles (Georgia-born African-American Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Georgia Sports Figures International Boxing Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures
2000 Maurice Richard (Canadian Member of the Ice Hockey Hall of Fame) Canadian Sports Figures Ice Hockey Hall of Fame NHL CBC
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1647 Hanged in Hartford, Connecticut, Alse Young Is the First Person Executed as a Witch in America Hartford, Connecticut Colonial Connecticut Religion Capital Punishment Historic Firsts New York Times
1657 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell Refuses Parliament's Offer of the Title "King of England" Oliver Cromwell Parliament Historic UK
1673 Father Jacques Marquette, Fur-Trader Louis Joliet, and Five French Voyageurs Reach the Site of Modern Green Bay, Wisconsin Jacques Marquette Louis Joliet Green Bay, Wisconsin North American Explorers Mississippi River Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1703 St. Petersburg Is Founded by Czar Peter the Great St. Petersburg The History Channel
1778 George Rogers Clark and 150 Troops Land on Corn Island, the Future Site of Louisville, Kentucky Louisville, Kentucky George Rogers Clark American Revolution Indiana Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The wind blew so hard this morning that we did not sent out untill 10 A. M.

we employed the chord most of the day; the river becomes more rappid and is intercepted by shoals and a greater number of rocky points at the mouths of
the little gulies than we experienced yesterday. the bluffs are very high steep rugged, containing considerable quantities of stone and border the river closely on both sides; once perhaps in the course of several miles there will be a few acres of tolerably level land in which two or thre impoverished cottonwood trees will be seen. great quantities of stone also lye in the river and garnish it's borders, which appears to have tumbled from the bluffs where the water rains had washed away the sand and clay in which they were imbeded.

The party was traveling through the Missouri River Breaks, a region which today is still much as it was in Lewis and Clark's time. The Missouri cuts through another preglacial stream divide here creating a deep, narrow channel.

the country more broken and barren than yesterday if possible. about midday it was very warm to this the high bluffs and narrow channel of the river no doubt contributed greatly.

saw a few small herds of the Bighorned anamals and two Elk only, of the last
we killed one, the river is generally about 200 yds. wide, very rappid and has a perceptable fall or declination through it's whole course.

This evening we encamped, for the benefit of wood, near two dead toped cottonwood trees on the Lard. side; the dead limbs which had fallen from these trees furnished us with a scanty supply only, and more was not to be obtained
in the neighbourhood.

Lewis & Clark Map: 04/27/05 Fergus County, Montana Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Wind

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Early this morning we sent Reubin Fields in surch of the horse which the indians had given us to kill. at 10 in the morning he returned with the horse and we killed and butchered him; he was large and in good order. Hohâstillpilp told us that most of the horses we saw runing at large in this neighbourhood belonged to himself and his people, and whenever we were in want of meat he requested that we would kill any of them we wished; this is a peice of liberallity which would do honour to such as bost of civilization; indeed I doubt whether there are not a great number of our countrymen who would see us fast many days before their compassion would excite them to a similar act of liberallity.

Sergt. Pryor and the party ordered to the indian Village set out early this morning. in the evening he returned with Gibson and Sheilds. the others remained at the village all night; they brought a good store of roots and bread. we also sent Sergt. ordway and 2 men this morning over to Lewis's river for salmon, which the indians inform us may be procured in abundance at that place, and that it is but half a days ride, nearly south.—

Drewyer, Cruzatte, and Labuish returned at 4 P. M. with five deer which they had killed at some distance up Collins's Creek on this side; that stream still continues so high that they could not pass it.—

Charbono's son is much better today, tho' the swelling on the side of his neck I believe will terminate in an ugly imposthume a little below the ear.

the indians were so anxious that the sick Cheif should be sweated under our inspection that they requested we would make a second attept today; accordingly the hole was somewhat enlarged and his father a very good looking old man, went into the hole with him and sustained him in a proper position during the operation; we could not make him sweat as copiously as we wished. after the operation he complained of considerable pain, we gave him 30 drops of laudanum which soon composed him and he rested very well.—

this is at least a strong mark of parental affection. they all appear extreemly attentive to this sick man nor do they appear to relax in their asceduity towards him notwithstand he has been sick and helpless upwards of three years. the Chopunnish appear to be very attentive and kind to their aged people and treat their women with more rispect than the nations of the Missouri.—

Ordway: J. Frazer and wiser Set out to go over to the ki-mooenim river for fish & Swam our horses and waidd on to village on commeap creek three young men went on with us up Sd. creek about 5 miles left this creek ascended a high hill on a plain and proced. on passd. a lodge where we Struck the creek again followed up Said creek about 8 miles farther and came to the chiefs village which took care of our horses. the chief, and as the old man said he was a going on with us in the morning the young men returned and we camped here, and had a hard Thunder Shower. the Indians grass houses leak.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 Thomas Jefferson Writes John Adams on the Death of Benjamin Rush Benjamin Rush John Adams Thomas Jefferson The History Channel
1822 Andrew Jackson Delivers His "Farewell Address" After Appointing William G. D. Worthington to Replace Him as Acting Governor of East and West Florida Florida Andrew Jackson Florida Historical Society
1831 Frontiersman Jedediah Smith Is Killed by Comanche Indians on the Santa Fe Trail Jedediah Smith Comanche Indians Westward Expansion Death History Channel
1833 Dubuque Mines Is Designated as Iowa's First Postal Station Iowa U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Iowa State Historical Society
1837 The First Post Office Opens in Madison, Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin U.S. Post Office Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1844 The First Settler Moves to the Fourierite Utopian Community in What Is Now Ripon, Wisconsin Ripon, Wisconsin Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1858 In Eden Prairie, Minnesota About 150 Ojibwe Attack and Defeat Shakopee's Band of Dakota Eden Prairie, Minnesota Native American Heritage War Minnesota Historical Society
In Minnesota, the U.S. Army Withdraws from Fort Snelling, Considering the Fort No Longer an Essential Outpost Minnesota Forts Westward Expansionr Minnesota Historical Society
1861 General Benjamin Butler Declares Slaves Contraband of War American Civil War Slavery African-American History PBS
1863 In Maryland, a Federal Circuit Court Denies President Lincoln's Authority to Suspend Habeas Corpus Maryland President Abraham Lincoln Habeas Corpus American Civil War U.S. Constitution History Channel
In Florida, the Confederate Gunboat C.S.S. Chattahoochee Explodes on the Apalachicola River, Killing 18 Men and Wounding 12 Others Florida Steamboats American Civil War Death Florida Historical Society
1864 At Pickett's Mill in Paulding County, Georgia, Sherman's Union Troops Suffer 1,600 Casualties Compared to 500 Confederates Deaths Paulding County, Georgia Sherman's March Death Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1887 The Florida Legislature Creates Lake County as the State's 47th County by Taking Territory From Orange and Sumter Counties Lake County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1888 In Washington, the Stampede Pass Railroad Tunnel Opens a New Railroad Gateway From Puget Sound to the East Washington Railroad History Link
1895 The City of Wilmington, Delaware Unveils a Statue of Assassinated U.S. President James A. Garfield Wilmington, Delaware President James A. Garfield State of Delaware
1896 Tornado Kills 255 in St. Louis and East St. Louis, Illinois Missouri Illinois Tornado Death U.S. Genealogy Network New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 In Washington, the City of Seattle Agrees to Allow the City of Ballard to Tap into Its Water System Washington Water History Link
1903 Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show Goes on Tour in Wales Wales Buffalo Bill Cody BBC
1905 The Japanese Destroy 33 of Russia's 45 Ships in the Battle of Tsushima Strait Russia Japan Naval History Russo-Japanese War Russo-Japanese War Research Society The History Channel
In Alaska, the Steamer White Seal Is Launched at Fairbanks as the First Registered Vessel Built on the Tanana River Fairbanks, Alaska Steamboats Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1918 The Third Battle of the Aisne Begins as the German Army Attacks Allied Positions at the Chemin des Dames Ridge in the Aisne River Region of France France Germany World War I The History Channel
1919 A U.S. Navy Crew Completes the First Trans-Atlantic Flight; a 19-day Journey From New York to Portugal Portugal New York Aviation History Historic Firsts U.S. Navy Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1922 West Virginia Union Official, William Blizzard, UMWA, Is Found Not Guilty of Treason for His Role in an Armed March West Virginia Labor Union Law West Virginia State Archives
1923 Andre Lagache and Renee Leonard Win the First 1,372.928-Mile Le Mans 24-Hour Race France Auto Racing Historic Firsts Official Web Site The History Channel
1927 Ford Officially Ends Production of the Model-T Automotives Ford Motor The History Channel
1930 A Patent Is Issued to 3M for Its Transparent Cellophane Tape, to be Known as Scotch™ Tape Minnesota Business Patents and Trademarks Inventors and Inventions 3M Minnesota Historical Society
1931 Balloonists Paul Kipfer and Auguste Piccard First to Enter the Stratosphere Germany Auguste Piccard Aviation History Historic Firsts Centennial of Flight
Empire Builder, a Passenger Train, Is Hit by a Tornado and Blown Off Its Tracks Near Moorhead, Minnesota, Killing 1 Passenger Moorhead, Minnesota Railroad Tornado Death Minnesota Historical Society
1933 Walt Disney's Cartoon Three Little Pigs Is Released Walt Disney Children's Literature Film Internet Movie Database
1935 The U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down the National Industrial Recovery Act U.S. Supreme Court The New Deal Business Franklin Roosevelt Presidential Library New York Times
1936 Queen Mary Leaves England on Maiden Voyage, Arrives in France 4 Hrs Later Great Britain France Ocean Liners RMS Queen Mary
1937 The Golden Gate Bridge Is First Opened to Pedestrian Traffic San Francisco The Golden Gate Bridge Library of Congress The History Channel
New York Giants Pitcher Carl Hubbell Wins 24th Game in a Row over Two Seasons New York City Sports Figures Missouri Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1938 In Georgia, Mayor William Hartsfield Approves a City Council Resolution Creating the Atlanta Housing Authority Atlanta, Georgia Artists & Architects Housing Atlanta Housing Authority Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1940 German Troops Murder 97 British Prisoners of War Great Britain Nazi Germany Prisoners of War World War II Death The History Channel
1941 The British Sink German Battleship Bismarck Off Coast of France: 2,300 die Nazi Germany The Bismarck World War II Death The Learning Site The History Channel
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Proclaims an Unlimited National Emergency Franklin Roosevelt The American Presidency World War II Yale University History Channel
Richard Wright's Signed Appeal Against American Intervention in the War Appears in the New Masses Richard Wright American Authors World War II African-American Authors American Collection
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1955 A Conservatives Victory in the British General Election Reinforces Support for Prime Minister, Anthony Eden British Political and Social Leaders Elections BBC
1958 Ernest Green Is First African-American Graduate of Little Rock Central High School Arkansas Education Civil Rights African-American History Little Rock Central High School
1961 John Tower Is the First Republican Senator Elected in the Texas Since Reconstruction Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Elections Texas Republican Party Texas State Historical Association
1963 Jomo Kenyatta Is Elected First Prime Minister of Self-Governing Kenya Kenya Elections Historic Firsts BBC South African History
The Album "The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan," Featuring the Song "Blowin' in the Wind," Is Released Bob Dylan Folk Music New York Times
1968 George Halas Retires from Coaching the Chicago Bears Chicago Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame ESPN
1972 The U.S. and the Soviet Union Sign Strategic Arms Limitation Agreements in an Attempt to Control Nuclear Weapons Soviet Union Richard Nixon Cold War Arms Control Historic World Documents History Channel
Mark Donohue Wins the Indianapolis 500 with a Record Average Speed of 163.645 mph Auto Racing Indianapolis 500 History Channel New York Times
1977 583 Crew and Passengers Die as Two 747's Collide on the Ground in Spain's Canary Islands Spain Air Crashes Death Center for the Study of Technology and Society
Myburgh Streicher and Followers Split From the United Party to Form the South African Party South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1980 Exiled Milton Obote Returns to Uganda Uganda Uganda Peoples Congress
1987 Forest Fire Burns Out in China After Destroying 2.5M Acres, Killing 193 and Leaving 50,000 Homeless China Fire Safety Trees Death The History Channel
In East Wenatchee, Washington, Workers Uncover a Cache of 11,000-to 12,000-year-old Prehistoric Clovis Points Spearheads East Wenatchee, Washington Native American Heritage Archaeology History Link
1992 In Chillicothe, Ohio, Mound City Group National Monument Is Expanded and Renamed as Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Chillicothe, Ohio Native-American Heritage National Park Service Ohio Historical Society
1994 Nobel Author, Alexandr Solzhenitsyn, Returns to Russia After a 20-Year Exile Alexandr Solzhenitsyn The Cold War 1970 Nobel Laureate for Literature BBC The History Channel
1995 Actor Christopher Reeve Is Paralyzed When Thrown from His Horse Horses Special Needs Education University of Washington New York Times Internet Movie Database
1996 Boris Yeltsin Negotiates Cease-fire with Chechen Rebels Boris Yeltsin Cechnya New York Times
1997 Referendum Vote Removes Discriminatory Clauses from Australian Constitution Australia Racism Australian Department of Indigenous Affiars
An F5 Tornado Destroys Jarrell, Texas, Killing Nearly 30 People Jarrell, Texas Tornado Death NOAA History Channel
1999 The United Nations Indicts Yugoslavian President Milosevic for Crimes Against Humanity Slobodan Milosevic United Nations War Crimes Law and Legal Resources CNN
Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-96) Is Launched on a 6-day Mission and the First Shuttle Docking to the International Space Station Space Shuttle International Space Station Historic Firsts NASA
Historic Events occurring from 2000-2009 on this date
2006 Earthquake Kills over 5,000 on the Indonesian Island of Java Indonesia Earthquakes Death CNN