MAY 31


World No Tobacco Day

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What organization sponsors this date as World No Tobacco Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which atomic element was discovered on this date in 1898? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, what was the title of Seinfeld when its pilot program was broadcast? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. What ship was launched on this date in 1911? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Georgia, what question was addressed with the second decision for Brown v. Board of Education issued on this date in 1955? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, how many people lived in Johnstown, Pennsylvania at the time the town was flooded on this date in 1889? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a song written by Peter Yarrow (according to the Peter, Paul & Mary official home page)
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, from which medical college did Elizabeth Blackwell graduate?

2. According to the African American Registry, what jobs did Patricia Roberts Harris' mother and father have?

3. According his biography at the Nobel Foundation, from which university did Louis Ignarro graduate in 1962?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of work by Walt Whitman (according to the Academy of American Poets):

Walt Whitman
Born on This Date 1819

[Library of Congress]

Patricia Robert Harris
Born on This Date 1924

[Howard University]

Peter Yarrow
Born on This Date 1938


Louis J. Ignarro
Born on This Date 1941

[Milken Institute]
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: World No Tobacco Day
(Observed per 1988 United Nations Resolution WHA42.19 calling for the annual celebration of World No Tobacco Day on May 31.)
United Nations Tobacco Offical Website: World No Tobacco Day
Brunei: Anniversary of Royal Brunei Regiment
Brunei U.S. Department of State Bay Area World Trade Center
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1893 Elizabeth Coatsworth (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors Primary Children's Authors
1913 Alfred H. Tamarin (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors
1914 Jay Williams (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors
1918 Madeleine A. Polland (Irish Children's Historical Novelist) Irish Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors
1925 Harry Mazer (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors
1940 Ron Goor (Washington, D.C.-born Children's Author, Illustrator, Photographer) Washington, D.C. Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors American Artists Photography
1944 Elaine Moore (Missouri-born Children's Author) Missouri Children's Authors Primary Children's Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors The Children's Book Guild
1960 Will Hillenbrand (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Ohio Children's Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists Official Web Site The Bulletin
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1819 Walt Whitman (New York-born Poet, Journalist, Essayist) Walt Whitman American Authors Poetry
1939 Al Young (Mississippi-born African-American Novelist) Mississippi Authors African-American Authors African American Registry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1860 Walter Sickert (English Impressionist Painter, Printmaker) English  Artists Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1931 Shirley Verrett (New Orleans-born African-American Mezzo-Soprano, Soprano Opera Singer) New Orleans Performing Artists Opera African-American Perforning Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1744 Richard Lovell Edgeworth (English Inventor) English Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1819 William W. Mayo (English-American Physician Who Founded the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota) English Scientists & Mathematicians Rochester, Minnesota Health Care Mayo Clinic Minnesota Historical Society
1872 Charles Abbot (New Hampshire-born Astrophysicist) New Hampshire Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy and Space
1912 Martin Schwarzschild (German-American Astrophysicist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy and Space Sonoma State University
1941 Louis J. Ignarro (New York City-born Pharmacologist; 1998 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) Louis J. Ignarro Medical Research The Heart 1998 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1841 William Rockefeller (New York-born Industrialist, Financier) New York Financial Leaders Business Leaders
1847 William Pirrie (Irish Shipbuilder of the Titanic) Irish Business Leaders The Titanic
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1857 Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (Italian-born Catholic Pope Pius XI) Italian Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholic Popes New York Times
1898 Norman Vincent Peale (Ohio-born Religious Leader) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians American Authors
Political and Social Leaders
1443 Margaret Beaufort (Mother of England's King Henry VII; Founder of England's St. John's & Christ's Colleges) English  Political and Social Leaders King Henry VII Education St. John's College Christ College
1920 Edward Bennett Williams (Connecticut-born Attorney) Connecticut  Political and Social Leaders Laws and Legal Resources Spartacus
1924 Patricia Roberts Harris (Illinois-born African-American Stateswoman, U.S. Ambassador) Patricia Roberts Harris U.S. Government President Lyndon Johnson President Jimmy Carter African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1894 Fred Allen (Massachusetts-born Member of the Radio Hall of Fame) Massachusetts Performing Artists American Performing Artists Radio Radio Hall of Fame
1908 Don Ameche (Wisconsin-born Actor) Wisconsin Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film
1922 Denholm Elliott (English Character Actor of Stage, Screen, Television) English Performing Artists Actors Internet Movie Database
1930 Clint Eastwood (San Francisco-born Actor, Academy Award-Winning Director) Clint Eastwood American Performing Artists Filmmakers Academy Awards
1938 Peter Yarrow (New York City-born Folk Singer: Peter, Paul & Mary) Peter Yarrow Folk Musicians
1965 Brooke Shields (New York City-born Model, Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1972 Christian McBride (Philadelphia-born African-American Jazz Bassist) Christian McBride Jazz and Blues African American Performing Artists Who Am I?
1976 Colin Farrell (Irish Actor) Irish Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1943 Joe Namath (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1731 Philip Duke of Wharton (English Nobleman) English Political and Social Leaders Chambers Book of Days
1809 Franz Joseph Haydn (Austrian Composer) Franz Joseph Haydn Classical Composers
1855 Charlotte Bront (English Novelist) Charlotte Bronte British Authors
1896 Kikisoblu (Suquamish Princess, Daughter of Chief Seattle) Washington Suquamish Indians History Link
1910 Elizabeth Blackwell (English-American Physician: First Woman to Obtain a Medical Degree in the United States) Elizabeth Blackwell Medicine Education Women
1962 Adolf Eichmann (German Nazi Architect of the Holocaust: Executed in Israel) Israel Adolf Eichmann The Holocaust Judaism War Crimes Corporal Punishment History Channel
2000 Tito Puente (New York City-born Latin-American Percussionist, Bandleader) Tito Puente American Performing Artists Latin-American Performing Artists
2010 Louise Bourgeois (French-American Sculptor) Louise Bourgeois Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1578 Laborers Accidentally Discover Ancient Subterranean Roman Cemetery/Catacombs Roman Empire Archaeology Catholic Encyclopedia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1669 Samuel Pepys Makes the Final Entry in His Diary Samuel Pepys Authors Writer's Almanac
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1759 Pennsylvania Outlaws the Performance of Plays in Response to Religious Groups Who Consider Theatrical Performances Immoral Pennsylvania Government Stage and Theater Religion Laws and Legal Resources History Channel
1775 Leaders of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Issue 20 Resolutions Rejecting British Rule in North Carolina Great Britain Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Colonial North Carolina American Revolution Historic U.S. Documents History Channel Library of Congress
1783 The Lower Creeks Sign the Treaty of Augusta Ceding Lands between Georgia's Ogeechee and Oconee Rivers Georgia Creek Indians Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1790 U.S. Congress Enacts the United States Copyright Law U.S. Congress Trademarks and Copyright Laws and Legal Resources Writer's Almanac Court TV
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804 The University of Georgia Holds Its First Graduation Ceremonies Georgia Education Education Historic Firsts University of Georgia University of Georgia
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Goodrich and Willard visited the indian Villages this morning and returned in the evening. Willard brought with him the dressed skin of a bear which he had purchased for Capt. C. this skin was an uniform pale redish brown colour, the indians informed us that it was not the Hoh-host or white bear, that it was the Yck-kh.

this distinction of the indians induced us to make further enquiry relative to their opinions of the several speceis of bear in this country. we produced the several skins of the bear which we had killed at this place and one very nearly white which I had purchased. The white, the deep and plale red grizzle, the dark bron grizzle, and all those which had the extremities of the hair of a white or frosty colour without regard to the colour of the ground of the poil, they designated Hoh-host and assured us that they were the same with the white bear, that they ascosiated together, were very vicisious, never climbed the trees, and had much longer nails than the others.

the black skins, those which were black with a number of intire white hairs intermixed, the black with a white breast, the uniform bey, brown and light redish brown, they designated the Yck-kh;said that they climbed the trees, had short nails and were not vicious, that they could pursue them and kill them with safety, they also affirmed that they were much smaller than the white bear. I am disposed to adopt the Indian distinction with rispect to these bear and consider them two distinct speceis.

the white and the grizzly of this neighbourhood are the same of those found on the upper portion of the Missouri where the other speceis are not, and that the uniform redish brown black &c of this neighbourhood are a speceis distinct from our black bear and from the black bear of the Pacific coast which I believe to be the same with those of the Atlantic coast, and that the common black bear do not exist here. I had previously observed that the claws of some of the bear which we had killed here had much shorter tallons than the variagated or white bear usually have but supposed that they had woarn them out by scratching up roots, and these were those which the indians called Yh-kh.

on enquiry I found also that a cub of an uniform redish brown colour, pup to a female black bear intermixed with entire white hairs had climbed a tree. I think this a distinct speceis from the common black bear, because we never find the latter of any other colour than an uniform black, and also that the poil of this bear is much finer thicker and longer with a greater proportion of fur mixed with the hair, in other ispects they are much the same.

This evening Joseph and R. Feilds returned with the three deer which they had killed. The Indians brought us another of our origional Stock of horses; there are only two absent now of those horses, and these the indians inform us that our shoshone guide rode back when he returned. we have sixty five horses at this time, most of them in excellent order and fine strong active horses.

The Indians pursued a mule deer to the river opposite to our camp this evening; the deer swam over and one of our hunters killed it. there being a large party of indians assembled on this occasion on the opposite side, Hohst-ill-pilp desired them to raise our canoe which was sunk on that side of the river yesterday; they made the attempt but were unable to effect it.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 04/01/06 Lewis County, Idaho Nez Perc
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1847 General Stephen Kearney, Commander of U.S. Military Forces in California, Appoints Richard Mason as the State's Governor California Political and Social Leaders Mexican-American War Learn California
1850 The Steamer Caroline Completes the Trip from San Francisco to Portland, Oregon, Delivering the Mail in Only 6 Days. San Francisco Portland, Oregon U.S. Postal Service Steamships
1861 U.S. Postal Service Suspends Mail Service to the Confederate States U.S. Postal Service American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1862 Joe Johnston's Confederate Troops Attack McClellan's Union Forces at Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), Virginia Virginia Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia History Channel
1863 The U.S.S. Sunflower Captures the British Blockade Runner Echo Near Florida's Tortugas Florida American Civil War Naval Military History National Park Service Florida Historical Society
1864 Meeting in Cleveland, Ohio, Radical Members of the Republican Party Nominate John C. Fremont for President Cleveland, Ohio John C. Fremont President Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Politics University of Georgia Lincoln Logs
The Historical Society of Delaware Is Organized Delaware U.S. History Delaware Historical Society State of Delaware
1870 Edward Joseph De Smedt of New York City Receives Two Patents for His Invention of Asphalt New York City Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Transportation Patents and Trademarks History Channel
1881 U.S. Military Closes Fort Griffin in Texas Texas Forts Texas State Historical Society
1889 Heavy Rains Collapse the South Fork Dam Allowing Lake Conemaugh to Flood Johnstown, Pennsylvania, Killing 2,209 Johnstown, Pennsylvana Dams Flooding Death History Channel New York Times
Central Iowa Suffers Its Latest Killing Frost on Record Iowa Temperature Weather State Historical Society of Iowa
1892 The Trademark for Lea & Perrins Worchestershire Sauce Is Registered Lea & Perrins Worchestershire Sauce Trademarks and Patents USPTO
1897 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake in Giles County, Virginia Is Largest in State's Recorded History Giles County, Virginia Earthquakes USGS
1898 William Ramsay and Morris Travers Discover the Element Krypton William Ramsay Morris Travers Krypton Royal Society of Chemistry
1899 Florida's State Constitution Is Amended to Adopt the State's Current Flag Florida Government Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 The Peace of Vereeniging Ends South Africa's Boer War South Africa Great Britain Boer War Historic UK History Channel
1909 The Arkansas General Assembly Approves Construction of a State Tuberculosis Sanatorium in Booneville Booneville, Arkansas Tuberculosis Arkansas History Commission
1910 Union of South Africa Is Formed South Africa New York Times
1911 The Titanic Is Launched in Belfast, Northern Ireland Northern Ireland The Titanic Ulster Transport and Folk Museum
1913 The 17th Amendment to the Constitution, Providing Popular Elections of U.S. Senators, Is Declared in Effect U.S. Senate 17th Amendment Voting New York Times
1915 Germans First Use Zeppelins to Bomb London London, England Germany Aviation Military History World War I Historic Firsts Centennial of Flight
1916 British and German Naval Forces Commence the Battle of Jutland on the Coast of Denmark Denmark Great Britain Germany World War I Naval Military History History Channel
1917 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Shumagin Islands, Alaska Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1921 Tulsa, Oklahoma Race Riot Results in 300 People Dead and 1,200 Homes Destroyed Tulsa, Oklahoma Racism African-American Heritage Death Tulsa City-County Public Library African American Registry
1922 Forest Fires Sweep Across Eastern King County, Washington, Destroying Half of the Town of Cedar Falls King County, Washington Fire Safety History Link
1925 William Faulkner Publishes "The Kid Learns" in the New Orleans Times-Picayune William Faulkner American Authors Times-Picayune Mississippi Writer's Project
1926 Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf and Crown Princess Louise of Sweden Visit Old Swedes Church in Wilmington, Delaware Swedish Political and Social Leaders Wilmington, Delaware Religion State of Delaware
1930 Georgia Golfer, Bobby Jones, Wins the British Amateur Championship Bobby Jones Golfing Hall of Fame British Amateur Championship University of Georgia
1934 Temperatures Reach 108F in Minnesota Minnesota Temperatures Minnesota Historical Society
1937 English Patent Is Issued to Robert Watson-Watt for His Invention of RADAR English Scientists and Inventors RADAR Patents Inventors & Inventions European Patent Office
1941 Nazis Complete Their Invasion of Crete After 11 Days of Battle Crete Nazi Germany World War II Naval Military History History Channel
William Faulkner Publishes "The Tall Men" in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writer's Project
1942 U.S. Automakers Produce Their Last Civilian Trucks Until the End of World War II Detroit, Michigan Automotives World War II State of Michigan
1946 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Results in 840 to 1,300 Deaths and the Destruction of Several Turkish Villages Turkey Earthquakes Death USGS
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1955 The U.S. Supreme Court Issues Its Second Decision in the Case of Brown v. Board of Education U.S. Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education Education Racism Human Rights/Civil Rights University of Georgia
1957 Playwright Arthur Miller Is Convicted of Contempt of Congress for Refusing to Reveal Names of Alleged Communist Writers Arthur Miller U.S. Congress American Authors McCarthyism BBC
1959 South African Farm Workers Begin National Potato Boycott South Africa Farming & Agriculture Labor Job Actions South African History
1961 South Africa Becomes an Independent Republic South Africa New York Times
Florida's Legislature Authorizes Lake City Community College Florida Education Education Lake City Community College Florida Historical Society
1962 Nazi Architect of the Holocaust, Adolf Eichmann, Is Executed in Tel Aviv, Israel for His Crimes Against Humanity Israel Adolf Eichmann The Holocaust Judaism War Crimes Corporal Punishment Death History Channel
1967 A.J. Foyt Wins the Indianapolis 500 Texas Sports Figures Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis Motor Speedway History Channel
1968 The First Canadian Heart Transplant Is Performed Canada Health Care Heart Transplants Historic Firsts CBC
1969 The Last Passenger Train Leaves the Dallas, Texas Union Terminal Dallas, Texas Railroads Texas State Historical Society
1970 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 50,000, Creating Avalanche That Buries the 20,000 Person Town of Yungay Peru Earthquakes Death USGS
1973 U.S. Senate Cuts Off Funds for Bombing Cambodia Cambodia U.S. Senate Economics Vietnam War BBC
1977 The trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline Is Completed After Three Years of Construction Alaska Energy Business trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline New York Times Alaska Historical Society
1982 Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang Begins 6-Day Visit to Tokyo China Japan Asian History
1985 England's Football Association Bans English Soccer Clubs from Playing in Europe English Sports Figures Soccer BBC
1988 In Moscow, President Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev End Fourth Summit Mikhail Gorbachev Ronald Reagan The Cold War History Channel
1990 Seinfeld Debuts on Television Television Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database
1991 Leaders of Angola's Two Warring Factions Signed Peace Treaty Ending a 16-year Civil War Angola New York Times
1994 The U.S. Announces It Is No Longer Aiming Long-Range Nuclear Missiles at Targets in the Former Soviet Union. Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War New York Times
1996 Benjamin Netanyahu Is Narrowly Elected Prime Minister of Israel Israel Political and Social Leaders Elections History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2005 Former FBI Assistant Director, Mark Felt, Is Identified as the "Deep Throat" Informant of the Watergate Affair Watergate Affair The FBI History Channel