Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1878 John Masefield (England's Poet Laureate 1930-1967; Author of Children's Fantasy Novels) English Authors Poetry Young-Adult Authors PairoWoodies Publishing Greenwich2000 Writer's Almanac Greenwich Guide
1889 James Daugherty (North Carolina-born Children's Author, Illustrators) North Carolina Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists Acme Fine Art
1932 R(uth). R(ozanne) Knudson (Washington, D.C.-born Children's Author) Washington, D.C. Authors Young-Adult Authors
1934 Doris Buchanan Smith (Washington, D.C.-born Children's Author) Washington, D.C. Authors Young-Adult Authors Harper Collins
1936 Sandra Scoppettone (New Jersey-born Children's Author) New Jersey Authors Young-Adult Authors Books n Bytes
1945 Judith Whitelock McInerney (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors Primary Children's Authors
1954 Leah Komaiko (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors Primary Children's Authors Harper Collins
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1937 Colleen McCullough (Australian Novelist of The Thorn Birds) Australian Authors Writer's Almanac History Channel
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1804 Mikhail Glinka (Russian Composer) Mikhail Glinka Classical Composers
1921 Nelson Riddle (New Jersey-born Musician, Arranger, Conductor) New Jersey Performing Atists Popular Musicians
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1637 Jacques Marquette (French Jesuit Missionary, Explorer) Jacques Marquette Religious Leaders and Theologians North American Explorers Mississippi River
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1907 Frank Whittle (English Inventor, Developer of the Jet Engine) English Inventors Inventors and Inventions Aviation History Historic UK
Military Leaders
1829 Cullen Andress Battle (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War
1831 John Bell Hood (Kentucky-born Confederate General) Kentucky Military Figures American Civil War
Educators, Philosophers and Religious Leaders
1833 Brigham Young (Vermont-born Leader of the Mormon Church) Brigham Young Mormon Church
1939 Howard Dodson (Pennsylvania-born African-American Educator, Historian) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note American History African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1791 Chester Ashley (Massachusetts-born U.S. Senator from Arkansas) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
1814 Charles Anderson (Kentucky-born Governor of Ohio) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders Ohio Historical Society
1833 John Marshall Harlan (Kentucky-born Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court: 1877-1911) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court
1933 Charlie Wilson (Texas-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Charlie Wilson's War
Performing Artists
1926 Marilyn Monroe (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film
Andy Griffith (North Carolina-born Actor) North Carolina Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television
1934 Pat Boone (Florida-born Popular Singer) Florida Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1937 Morgan Freeman (Tennessee-born African-American Actor) Tennessee Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1841 David Wilkie (Scottish Painter) Scottish Artists Artists BBC
1868 James Buchanan (15th President of the United States) James Buchanan American Presidents
1872 James Gordon Bennett (Scottish-American Journalist, Founding Editor of the New York Herald) Scottish Authors journalism BBC
1879 Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Napoleon (22-year-old Prince Imperial of France Killed Fighting with British Forces in the Anglo-Zulu War) French Military Figures Great Britain South Africa War South African History
1959 Sax Rohmer (English Author) English Authors Authors Asian History
1968 Helen Keller (Alabama-born Deaf & Blind, Author, Lecturer) Helen Keller Blindness Deafness History Channel New York Times
1981 Carl Vinson (Georgia-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Georgia Politicial and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1998 Matsuda Michio (Japanese Pediatrician; Author of An Encyclopedia of Child Care) Japanese Authors Authors Child Healthcare Asian History
2005 George Mikan (Illinois-born Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Illinois Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame History Channel New York Times
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1679 In Scotland, the Covenanters Rout the Government Forces at the Battle of Drumclog Scotland War BBC
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1763 In Indiana, Indians Capture Fort Ouiatenon Near Present-Day Lafayette and Imprisoned the English Garrison England Fort Ouiatenon Native American Heritage Forts Indiana Historical Society
1779 The Court Martial of Benedict Arnold Is Convened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Benedict Arnold American Revolution Crime Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1792 Kentucky Becomes the 15th State of the Union Kentucky The United States New York Times
1794 England's Fleet Proves Its Worthiness Against the French in the North Atlantic, Removing Fear of a Possible French Invasion England France Naval Military History War The Queen's Royal Surrey Regimental Association
1796 Tennessee Becomes the 16th State of the Union Tennessee The United States New York Times
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1809 Samuel Taylor Coleridge Begins to Publish His Own Periodical, The Friend Samuel Taylor Coleridge Authors Journalism History Channel
1812 President Madison Calls on Congress to Declare War on Great Britain Great Britain U.S. Congress President James Madison War of 1812 History Channel
1813 Mortally Wounded in a Battle with the British, U.S. Commander James Lawrence Tells His Troops, ''Don't give up the ship.'' Great Britain Naval Military History War of 1812 New York Times
1821 The Arkansas Territorial Capitol Is Established in Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1833 The Iowa Territory Is First Opened for Euro-American Settlement Iowa Westward Expansion Iowa State Historical Society
1840 George Abernethy Arrives in Oregon from New York and Will Serve as Oregon's First and Only Provisional Governor (1845-49) Oregon Political and Social Leader
1843 In Massachusetts, the Alcott Family Begins 7-month Effort to Establish a Utopian Community Massachusetts Lousia May Alcott American Authors Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
In Wisconsin, the First Vessel, the Cleveland, Docks at Milwaukee's North Pier (1200' Long and 44' Wide) Milwaukee Wisconsin Naval History Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1849 The Minnesota Territory Is Legally Organized Minnesota Westward Expansion Minnesota Historical Society
1859 In Minnesota, the Steamboat Anson Northup Begins Working on the Red River Minnesota Rivers Steamboats Minnesota Historical Society
1861 In Virginia, Union Cavalry Attack the Fairfax Court House - Captain John Quincy Marr Is the First Confederate Casualty of the War Fairfax, Virginia Fairfax Courthouse City of Fairfax African American Registry
The Federal Blockade of the City of Fernandina, Florida Begins with the Arrival of the Union Ship, U.S.S. Perry Fernandina, Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
In Washington, D.C., President Lincoln's Family Reserves a Pew at New York Avenue Presbyterian Church New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. President Abraham Lincoln Religion New York Avenue Presbyterian Church Lincoln Log
1862 Robert E. Lee Assumes Command of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia After Joseph Johnston Is Wounded Joseph Johnston Robert E. Lee American Civil War History Channel
President Lincoln Awaits Information from the Battle of Seven Pines and Telegraphs Generals President Abraham Lincoln Battle of Seven Pines Telegraph Lincoln Logs
1864 Confederates Attack Union Troops at Cold Harbor, Less Than a Dozen Miles from Richmond, Virginia Virginia Battle of Cold Harbor History Channel
In Georgia, Sherman's Federal Troops Reach the Western & Atlantic Railroad - Their Supply Line From Chattanooga Georgia Chattanooga, Tennessee Railroad Sherman's March Georgia Historical Society
Commander of the Texas Partisan Rangers, Adam Rankin Johnson, Is Promoted to Brigadier General in the Confederate Army Texas Military Figures American Civil War Texas State Historical Association
1868 The Treaty of Bosque Redondo Creates the Navajo Indian Reservation, Which Will Include Areas of New Mexico, Arizona and Utah New Mexico Arizona Utah Navajos New Mexico Magazine
1869 Thomas Edison Obtains a Patent for an Electrographic Vote Recorder Thomas Edison Patents and Trademarks Inventors and Inventions Voting USPTO
1871 In Amador County, California, Miners Begin a 2-month Strike to Protect a White-Only Work Force Amador County, California Labor Strikes Racism Asian-American Heritage Learn California
John Wesley Hardin Arrives in Abilene, Kansas Abilene, Kansas John Wesley Hardin Notorious Americans Westward Expansion History Channel
1873 In Northeastern California, the 7-month Modoc War Ends California Modocs War LearnCalifronia
1879 22-year-old Prince Imperial of France, Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Napoleon, Is Killed Fighting with British Forces in the Anglo-Zulu War French Military Figures Great Britain South Africa War Death South African History
1880 At Collier's Station in Brooke County, West Virginia Paddy Ryan Defeats Joe Goss to Win the U.S. Heavyweight Bare-Knuckle Championship Brooke County, West Virginia Boxing Boxing Hall of Fame West Virginia State Archive
1881 The State of Florida Avoids Bankruptcy by Selling 4M Acres of Public Land to Businessman Hamilton Disston for 25 an Acre Florida Business American Civil War Kissimmee, florida Florida Historical Society
1885 An Atlanta, Georgia Ordinance Prohibits Driving a Carriage or Any Vehicle over a Public Bridge at a Speed Faster Than a Walk Atlanta, Georgia Transportation Law Georgia Historical Society
1888 The University of California's Lick Observatory Has Its Formal Opening on Mount Hamilton California Lick Observatory USGS
1895 In Washington, Aberdeen Businessmen Connect Their Own Spur Line to the Northern Pacific Railroad Aberdeen, Washington Railroad Business History Link
1899 The Cities of Dunedin and Vernon Are Incorporated by the Florida Legislature Florida Cities Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 In Wisconsin, the First English Language Lutheran Services Are Held in Platteville Platteville Wisconsin Religion World Languages Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1903 A Georgia Tornado Kills 106 People in Gainesville and New Holland, Injuring over 300 Georgia Tornados Death Georgia Historical Society
1905 Jacksonville, Florida's Carnegie Library Is Dedicated Andrew Carnegie Jacksonville, Florida Libraries Florida History & Arts Florida Historical Society
1907 In Seattle, Washington, Ground Is Broken for the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition Seattle, Washington Alaska History Link
1909 The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition Opens in Seattle on What Is Now the Campus of the University of Washington Seattle, Washington Alaska University of Washington Alaska Historocal Society History Link
The Florida Citrus Exchange Is Organized in Tampa Tampa, Florida Farming & Agriculture Citrus Industry Florida Historical Society
1910 Horace and John Dodge Break Ground on a Car Parts Factory in Hamtramck, Michigan Hamtramck, Michigan Automotives Business Michigan History
1916 German and British Naval Forces Clash in the North Sea During the Battle of Jutland Great Britain Germany Naval Military History World War I History Channel
1920 Dr. A.G. Edwards Is Enthroned as the First Archbishop of Wales Welsh Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism Historic Firsts BBC
1925 Baseball's Lou Gehrig Pinch Hits and Begins His Streak of 2,130 Consecutive Games Played New York City Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1927 The Minseito (People's) Political Party Is Established in Japan Japanese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
The Strongest Earthquake in New Jersey's History Collapses Chimneys and Cracks Walls New Jersey Earthquakes USGS
1929 Four Years After His Death, Sun Yatsen Is Buried in Nanjing, China Sun Yatsen Asian History
1937 Aviator Amelia Earhart and Navigator Fred Noonan Leave Miami International Airport on Their Ill-Fated "Round-the-World" Flight Miami, Florida Amelia Earhart Aviation History Florida Historical Society
1938 Superman Debuts in Action Comics #1 Jerry Siegel Cartoons and Comics Historic Firsts CBC
1941 Crete, the Last Allied Stronghold in Greece, Is Captured by Germany Crete Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1942 Warsaw's Underground Newspaper, The Liberty Brigade, Publishes First Public Article Account of the Nazi Extermination of Jews Poland Nazi Germany Judaism The Holocaust Journalism World War II History Channel
1944 The British Broadcasting Corporation Airs a Coded Message to Inform the French Resistance the D-Day Invasion Is Imminent France Great Britain Radio D-Day BBC New York Times
1945 In a Speech Sukarno Outlines the Pantjasila, His Five Principles for Guiding Indonesia Indonesian Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1946 Television Licenses Are Issued in Great Britain for the First Time at a Cost 2 Each British Media Television Taxes Historic Firsts Historic UK
Negro League Baseball Makes Its Debut in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Negro League Baseball African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 The Washington State Ferries (WSF) Begin Operations on Puget Sound Washington Naval History Washington State Ferries History Link
1956 The NAACP Is Barred From Operating in Alabama Alabama Racism African-American Heritage NAACP Alabama State Archive
1958 Charles de Gaulle Is Called Out of Retirement to Head the French Government Charles de Gaulle BBC
1959 British Inventor, Christopher Cockerell, Takes His Hovercraft Out for Its Test Ride British Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Naval History Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1961 Mickey Wright Wins the Women's U.S. Open Golf Championship California Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame New York Times
1964 U.S. Supreme Court Reverses Florida's Supreme Court, Ruling School Prayers and Bible Readings in Public Schools Unconstitutional Florida U.S. Supreme Court Education Religion Law Separation of Church and State Florida Historical Society
The U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down Loyalty Oaths for Washington State Employees Washington U.S. Supreme Court Labor Law History Link
1965 A Coal Mine Explosion Kills 236 Workers at the Yamano Mine Near Fukuoka, Japan Japan Labor Death History Channel
1967 The Beatles Release the Album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band English Performing Artists The Beatles Popular Musicians History Channel
1969 In Texas, the Lyndon B. Johnson State Historical Park Opens to the Public Texas President Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon B. Johnson State Historical Park Texas State Historical Association
In Florida, the Merritt Island Public Library Is Dedicated Merritt Island, Florida Libraries Brevard County Public Libraries Florida Historical Society
1972 In Texas, the First Kerrville Folk Festival Opens in the Kerrville Municipal Auditorium Kerrville, Texas Folk Musicians Historic Firsts TExas State Historical Association
1977 Soviets Charges Anatoly Shcharansky, a Leading Jewish Dissidents and Human Rights Activist, with Treason Soviet Union Judaism Human Rights/Civil Rights Crime History Channel
1979 Rhodesia Ends Nearly 90 Years of White Minority Rule and Is Renamed Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Racism BBC
The Seattle Supersonics Win the NBA Championship Seattle, Washington Basketball National Basketball Association History Link
1980 CNN Begins Broadcasting as the World's First 24-hour News Network Television Journalism Historic Firsts CNN History Channel
An African National Congress Attack Results in a Series of Explosions Destroying South African Fuel Tanks South Africa Apartheid Terrorism Sotuh African History Channel
England's Steve Ovett Breaks the World Record in the Mile (3m 48.8s) at Bislett Stadium in Oslo, Norway Oslo, Norway Steve Ovett Track and Field New York Times
1981 The First English Language Daily Newspaper in the People's Republic of China, China Daily, Begins Publication China Journalism Historic Firsts Asian History
1982 Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang Visits Tokyo Chinese Political and Social Leaders Tokyo, Japan Asian History
1987 Raymond Carver's Last Published Story, "Errand," Is Published in the New Yorker Raymond Carver American Authors Journalism American Collection
1990 U.S. and the Soviet Union Agree to End Production of Chemical Weapons and Begin Destruction of Chemical Stockpiles Soviet Union President George Bush Chemistry The Cold War History Channel
1994 South Africa Rejoins the Commonwealth Commonwealth South Africa U.S. Department of  State African American Registry
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2001 on this date
2001 A Suicide Bomber Attacks a Tel Aviv Nightclub, Killing 21 Israelis Tel Aviv, Israel Terrorism Middle East History Death New York Times
The King, Queen and 7 Other Members of Nepal's Royal Family Are Slain by Crown Prince Dipendra Nepal Death BBC
2004 A U.S. Federal Judge Declares the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act Unconstitutional as an Infringement on Women's Rights Women Abortion Law Constitutional Law New York Times