Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1929 Norton Juster (New York City-born Architect; Young-Adult Author) Norton Juster Young-Adult Authors Architecture
1938 Helen Oxenbury (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors Primary Children's Authors Artists HarperCollins
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1740 Marquis de Sade (French Writer) French Authors Authors
1840 Thomas Hardy (English Novelist) English Authors Authors' Calendar Writer's Almanac
1890 Hedda Hopper (Pennsylvania-born Gossip Columnist) Pennsylvania Authors Journalism American Performing Artists
1907 Dorothy West (Massachusetts-born African-American Author, Journalist) Massachusetts Authors American Authors Journalism African-American Authors African American Registry
John Lehmann (English Poet, Editor, Publisher) English Authors Authors Poetry
1913 Barbara Pym (English Novelist) English Authors Authors
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1857 Edward Elgar (English Composer) Edward Elgar Composers
1863 Felix Weingartner (Austrian Conductor, Composer) Austrian Composers Composers
1944 Marvin Hamlisch (New York City-born Emmy, Oscar, Tony & Grammy Award Winning Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1930 Charles "Pete" Conrad (Pennsylvania-born Astronaut; Third Person to Walk on the Moon) Pennsylvania Astronauts and Explorers Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1903 Robert Morris Page (Minnesota-born Pioneer of Radar Technology) Minnesota Scientists & Mathematicians RADAR Center for Technology
Military Leaders
1815 Philip Kearny (New York City-born Union General) New York City Military Leaders American Civil War History Channel
1840 Robert Newton (Arkansas-born Confederate General) Arkansas Military Leaders American Civil War Arkansas History Commission
Business Leaders
1875 Charles Stewart Mott (New Jersey-born Industrialist, Philanthropist) New Jersey Business Leaders Business Leaders Philanthropy
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1868 John Hope (Georgia-born African-American Educator, Civil Rights Leader) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Education Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders Georgia Historical Society Writer's Almanac African American Registry
1953 Cornel West (Oklahoma-born African-American Educator, Rights Activist) Oklahoma Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1732 Martha Dandridge Custis Washington (Virginia-born Wife of U.S. President George Washington) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Marth Washington
1927 Carl Stokes (Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio; First African-American Elected Mayor of a Major City) Cleveland, Ohio African-American Political and Social Leaders Cleveland State University Western Reserve Historical Society
Performing Artists
1905 Valaida Snow (Tennessee-born African-American Jazz Trumpeter, Singer, Dancer) Tennessee Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1926 Milo O'Shea (Irish Actor) Irish Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1941 Stacy Keach (Georgia-born Actor) Georgia Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Film Internet Movie Database
1948 Jerry Mathers (Iowa-born Actor; "The Beaver") Iowa Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database
1953 Diana Canova (Florida-born Actress) Florida Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database
1972 Wayne Brady (Florida-born African-American Comedian) Florida Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1904 Johnny Weissmuller (Hungarian-American Member of the Swimming Hall of Fame Who Played Tarzan in Films) Hungarian Sports Figures Swimming Hall of Fame Actors Film Internet Movie Database New York Times
1989 Freddy Adu (Ghanian-American Soccer Player) Ghanian Sports Figures Soccer African-American Sports Figures FIFA African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1581 James Douglas (Scottish Earl of Morton; Leader of the Overthrow of Mary, Queen of Scots) Scottish Political Figures  Mary, Queen of Scots BBC
1864 George Pierce Doles (Georgia-born Confederate General Killed at the Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia) Georgia Military Figures  Battle of Cold Harbor Georgia Historical Society
1926 William Leishman (Scottish Bacteriologist) Scottish Scientist & Mathematicians Bacterial Infections BBC
1941 Lou Gehrig (New York City-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) New York City Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1943 Leslie Howard (English Actor; Ashley Wilkes in Gone with the Wind; In Plane Shot Down by the Nazis) English Performing Artists Actors Gone with the Wind Air Disasters World War II Internet Movie Database History Channel
1951 Cornelius H. Charlton (West Virginia-born African-American Native Solider Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor) East Gulf, West Virginia American Military Figures Korean War African-American Military Figures West Virginia State Archives
1961 George S. Kaufman (Pennsylvania-born Playwright) George S. Kaufman Plays Internet Broadway Database
1990 Rex Harrison (English Academy Award-Winning Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Academy Awards Internet Movie Database
2008 Bo Diddley (Mississippi-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ) Mississippi Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists Writer's Almanac African American Registry
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1742 The Virginia Assembly Creates Louisa County, Named for Princess Louisa, Daughter of King George II Great Britain Louisa County, Virginia King George II Virginia Historical Society
1763 Ojibway (Chippewa) and Sac (Sauk) Indians Massacre 20 British Soldiers and 1 Trader Capturing Fort Michilimackinac Great Britain Michigan Native Americans Forts Death State of Michigan
1774 British Parliament Renews the Quartering Act, Allowing British Soldiers to Stay in Private American as Necessary Great Britain Laws and Legal Resources American Revolution History Channel
1775 Georgia Patriots Spike Cannons in Savannah so They Cannot Be Fired to Celebrate King George III's Birthday Great Britain Savannah, Georgia King George III Colonial Georgia American Revolution Georgia Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1823 Arikara Indians Kill 12 Mountain Men Fur Trapping Along the Upper Missouri River South Dakota North Dakota Arikara Indians Westward Expansion Death History Channel
1825 In St. Louis, Missouri, William Clark and Osage Chiefs Agree to Move the Tribe from Arkansas to Kansas St. Louis, Missouri Arkansas Kansas William Clark Osage Historic U.S. Documents Arkansas History Commission
1838 Pierre Parrant, the Founder of St. Paul, Minnesota, Builds the City's First Structure St. Paul, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1840 In Alaska, the British Flag Replaces the Russian Flag over Fort Dionysius (Fort Wrangell) Great Britain Russia Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1849 In Texas, Major Robert S. Neighbors Arrives in San Antonio After Surveying a Wagon Route to El Paso San Antonio, Texas Westward Expansion U.S. Maps Texas State Historical Association
1851 Maine Is the First State to Enact a Law Prohibiting Alcohol Maine Government Substance Abuse Law Historic FirstsSubstance Abuse New York Times
1852 Hundreds of Mill Workers Walk Out on Strike at the Woolen Company in Amesbury, Massachusetts Amesbury, Massachusetts Labor Strikes Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1860 The U.S. Congress Confirms the Las Trampas Land Grant in New Mexico New Mexico U.S. Congress Historic U.S. Documents Law New Mexico Magazine
1862 In Florida, Confederate Troops Surprise a Detachment of 11 Union Soldiers from the U.S.S. Kingfisher, Killing 2 and Capturing 9 Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Confederate General George Pierce Doles Is Killed at the Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia Georgia Military Figures  Battle of Cold Harbor Death Georgia Historical Society
In Florida, Soldiers from the U.S.S. Sunflower Destroy a Sizable Salt Works on the Shores of Tampa Bay Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 American Civil War Formally Ends as the Last Confederate Army West of the Mississippi Surrenders American Civil War Writer's Almanac History Channel
1873 In California, Construction Begins on the San Francisco Cable Car System San Francisco, California San Francisco Cable Cars Learn California
1886 49-year-old U.S. President Grover Cleveland Marries 21-year-old Frances Folsom in the White House Frances Folsom Cleveland The White House History Channel Library of Congress
1887 Citrus County, Florida Is Created as the State's 44th County and Named in Honor of the State's Major Agricultural Crop Citrus County, Florida Citrus Industry Florida Historical Society
Pasco County, Florida Is Created as the State's 45th County and Named in Honor of U.S. Senator Samuel Pasco Pasco County, Florida U.S. Congress Florida Historical Society
1897 Clearwater, Florida Is Incorporated Clearwater, Florida Florida Historical Society
Williston, Florida Is Incorporated Williston, Florida Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 Oregon Is the First State to Allow Residents to Use Referendum to Enact Laws Without Going through the State Legislature Oregon Government Law Historic Firsts
1911 In Milwaukee, a Monument Is Unveiled in Honor of Edward G. Ryan, Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court 1874-1880 Milwaukee, Wisconsin Law Wisconsin Historical Society
A 4.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is the Largest in South Dakota's Recorded History South Dakota Earthquake USGS
1912 The Independent Motion Picture Company (IMP) Is One of Several Companies That Merge to Create Universal Movie Studios Los Angeles, California Business Filmmakers Business Universal Studios History Channel
1915 Austro-Hungarian and German Troops Attack Russians Holding the Przemysl Citadel Poland Austria Germany Russia World War I History Channel
Inverness, Florida Is Incorporated Inverness, Florida Florida Historical Society
1920 Eugene O'Neill Is Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Beyond the Horizon Eugene O'Neill American Authors 1920 Pulitzer Prize for Beyond the Horizon History Channel
1921 Torrential Rains Cause Flash Flood That Kills 100 People and Millions of Dollars Damage in Pueblo County, Colorado Pueblo County, Colorado Storms Flooding Economics Death History Channel
1924 The U.S. Congress Passes the Indian Citizenship Act Granting Citizenship to all Native Americans Born in the Territorial U.S. U.S. Congress President Calvin Coolidge Native-American Heritage Laws and Legal Resources Library of Congress History Channel Minnesota Historical Society
1932 Fishing on Montgomery Lake in Telfair County, Georgia, George Perry Sets a World Record Catching a 22 lb. 4 oz Largemouth Bass Telfair County, Georgia Fishing Georgia Historical Society
1935 The Boston Braves Release 40-year-old Babe Ruth, Who Is Only Hitting .181 Boston Babe Ruth Baseball Hall of Fame Georgia Historical Society History Channel
The South African Cricket Team Beats England for the First Time on English Soil South African Sports Figures English  Sports Figures Cricket Historic Firsts South
1943 In Alabama, the Aliceville Prisoner-of-War Camp Receives Its First Contingent of Captured German Soldiers Germany Aliceville, Alabama Nazi Germany World War II Prisoners of War Alabama State Archives
1944 The United States Begins "Shuttle Bombing" Central Europe Flying Missions Between Bases in Italy and Ukraine Italy Ukraine Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
1946 The Italian Monarchy Is Abolished in Favor of a Republic Italian Government World War II New York Times
1949 Delaware Governor Elbert Carvel Signs a Bill Closing the State's One-Room School Houses with Fewer Than 15 Children Delaware Education Education Law State of Delaware
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Sergeant Cornelius H. Charlton, an African-American Native of Raleigh County, West Virginia Earns the Congressional Medal of Honor East Gulf, West Virginia American Military Figures Death Korean War African-American Military Figures West Virginia State Archives
1953 Elizabeth II Is Crowned as the Queen of England British Political and Social Leaders Elizabeth II History Channel New York Times BBC Historic UK
1954 Senator Joseph McCarthy Charges Communists Have Infiltrated the Central Intelligence Agency Senator Joseph McCarthy U.S. Senate The CIA McCarthyism History Channel
1959 South Africa Banishes Chief Albert John Luthuli, President of the African National Congress (ANC) South African Political and Social Leaders Racism 1960 Nobel Peace Prize South African History
1965 The First Australian Combat Troops Arrive in Vietnam Vietnam Australia Vietnam War History Channel
1966 NASA's Surveyor 1 Achieves First American Soft Landing on the Moon Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Historic Firsts NASA BBC
1974 19-year-old Chris Evert Defeats Martina Navratilova to Win the Italian Open, Her First Major International Tennis Championship Italy Chris Evert Tennis Hall of Fame New York Times
1976 English Jockey Lester Piggott Wins the Epsom Derby for a Record Seventh Time, Riding the French-Trained Emperie English Sports Figures Horse Racing Epsom Derby BBC
1979 Pope John Paul II Arrives in His Native Poland on the First Visit by a Pope to a Communist Country Poland Pope John Paul II Catholicism Cold War Historic Firsts BBC
A 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in Western Australia Australia Earthquake USGS
1985 English Football (Soccer) Clubs Are Banned From Competing Due to 39 Deaths Caused By English Football Hooligans European History England Soccer History Channel BBC
1987 President Ronald Reagan Nominates Economist Alan Greenspan to Succeed Paul Volcker as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board Federal Reserve President Ronald Reagan EconomicsSubstance Abuse New York Times
1994 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 250 People in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquake Death USGS
1996 The Seattle SuperSonics Win the NBA Western Conference Championship Seattle, Washington Basketball NBA History Link
1997 Former U.S. Army Soldier Timothy McVeigh Is Convicted of Bombing of the U.S. Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Terrorism Law History Channel
1998 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery on Final Docking Mission with MIR Space Shuttle MIR NASA
Voters in California Pass Proposition 227, Requiring All Schoolchildren be Taught in English California Government Education ImmigrationSubstance Abuse DiversitySubstance Abuse LawSubstance Abuse New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 2000-present on this date
2010 Yukio Hatoyama Resigns as Prime Minister of Japan Japanese Political & Social Leaders National Public Radio
Iraq Federal Court Certifies Results of March 7 Parliamentary Elections Iraq Middle East War National Public Radio