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Political and Social Leaders
1826 Ozra Hadley (New York-born Governor of Arkansas: 1871-1873) New York  Political and Social Leaders Arkansas  Political and Social Leaders Arkansas History Commission
Performing Artists
1917 Lena Horne (New York City-born African-American Vocalist) Lena Horne Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists
1918 Susan Hayward (Georgia-born Academy Award-Winning Actress) Georgia Performing Artists American Performing Artists Academy Awards Film Internet Movie Database Georgia Historical Society
1936 Nancy Dussault (Florida-born Actress) Florida Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1785 James Oglethorpe (English Founder of the Georgia Colony) James Oglethorpe Georgia Colonial Georgia
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Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1665 King Charles II Expands the Boundaries of the England's Carolina Colony to South of St. Augustine the Capital of Spanish Florida Spain England St. Augustine, Florida North Caolina South Carolina Georgia King Charles II Colonial America Georgia Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1778 British Troops Turn Back Attacking Americans in a Skirmish at Florida's Alligator Creek, Near Callahan Great Britain Callahn, Florida Revolutionary War Florida Historical Society
1794 In Ohio, 2,000 Indian Warriors Attack Fort Recovery to Begin a 2-Day Battle That Will Break Indian Resistance in the Area Ohio Native-American Heritage Fort Recovery Indian Wars Ohio Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1812 President James Madison Calls for Emergency Commissions for New Military Officers to Fight the British Great Britain President James Madison War of 1812 History Channel
1834 Patrick O'Connor Is the First Person Hanged in Iowa Iowa Capital Punishment Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1840 The First Issue of the Transcendental Magazine "The Dial" Is Published in Boston Boston, Massachusetts Journalism Ralph Waldo Emerson Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1862 McClellan's Retreating Army of the Potomac Escapes Lee's Attack at Glendale (White Oak Swamp), Virginia Virginia Robert E. Lee Battle of Glendale History Channel
1864 Troops From the U.S.S. Roebuck Capture the Confederate Sloop Last Resort in Florida's Jupiter Inlet Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1870 The Natchez and Robert E. Lee Steamboats Begin a 3-day Race from New Orleans to St. Louis New Orleans, Louisiana St. Louis, Missouri 1870 Steamboat Race Mississippi River Arkansas History Commission
1875 The Frontier Echo Newspaper Is First Issued in Jacksboro, Texas Jacksboro, Texas Journalism Westward Expansion Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1898 Washington's Gray's Harbor Lighthouse Is Dedicated Washington Lighthouses History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1906 In Georgia, John Hope Is the First African-American President of Atlanta's Morehouse College Atlanta, Georgia Educator of Note Historic Firsts African-American Political and Social Leaders Morehouse College Georgia Historical Society
1908 A Vote of Residents Makes Josephine County, Oregon a Dry County  Josephine County, Oregon Vote Substance Abuse Law
1911 Pasco, Washington Dedicates Its Carnegie Library Pasco, Washington Libraries History Link
1914 European Governments Take the Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and His Wife in Stride European History World War I History Channel
1921 President Warren G. Harding Appoints Former President William Howard Taft Chief Justice of the United States U.S. Supreme Court President Warren G. Harding William Howard Taft New York Times
1922 Fiddlers Alexander (Eck) Robertson and Henry C. Gilliland, Make the First Commercial Recordings of Country Music Texas Performing Artists Country Music Country Musicians Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1928 Alabama Ends the Practice of Leasing Convicts to Private Industry as Laborers Alabama Prisons Labor Economics Alabama State Archive
1929 Alfred Hitchcock's Blackmail Is Released as England's First Talking Film Alfred Hitchcock Film Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database
1934 Adolf Hitler Purges the Nazi Party by Ordering the Assassinations of Hundreds of Potential Rivals Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler Death History Channel
1936 Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind First Goes on Sale to the Public in New York City. New York City Margaret Mitchell American Authors Historic Firsts Georgia Historical Society
1937 Actor Ronald Reagan Signs a 7-year Contract with Warner Brothers for $200/Week Ronald Reagan American Performing Artists Film Economics Theatre History
1943 U.S. Begins Operation Cartwheel to Capture Pacific Islands Controlled by the Japanese Japan World War II History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 President Truman Orders U.S. Forces to Korea Korea President Harry Truman Korean War History Channel
1953 The First American Sports Car with a Fiberglass Body, the Chevrolet Corvette Rolls Off the Assembly Line in Flint, Michigan Flint, Michigan Automotives Historic Firsts Michigan Historical Center
1958 The U.S. Senate Passes the Alaska Statehood Bill 64-20 Alaska U.S. Congress Alaska Historical Society
1965 The NFL Awards a Franchise to the Atlanta Falcons Atlanta, Georgia Football National Football League Georgia Historical Society
1966 The National Organization for Women Is Founded in a Washington, D.C. Hotel Room Washington, D.C. Women Human Rights/Civil Rights National Organization for Women Wisconsin Historical Society
1967 The South Vietnamese Armed Forces Council Resolves Rival Claims to the Presidency in Favor of Nguyen Van Thieu Nguyen Van Thieu Historic Firsts Vietnam War History Channel
In Minnesota, Thunderstorms Down Television Towers and Wipe Out Crops Along a 40-mile Swath from Wheaton to Stillwater Minnesota Storms Farming Television Minnesota Historical Society
1968 The First C-5A Makes Its Initial Flight from the Dobbins Runways in Marietta, Georgia Marietta, Georgia Aviation Military History Vietnam War Georgia Historical Society
1970 Congress Uses Cooper-Church Amendment to Limit Funding for U.S. Troops in Cambodia Cambodia U.S. Congress Economics Vietnam War History Channel
1971 Ohio's Approval Ratifies the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, Lowering the Minimum Voting Age to 18 Ohio 26th Amendment Voting Rights New York Times
1974 Martin Luther King Jr.'s Mother Is Killed While Playing the Organ at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Martin Luther King, Jr. Religion Crime Death Georgia Historical Society
On a Dance Tour in Toronto, Canada, Soviet Ballet Star Mikhail Baryshnikov Defects Toronto, Canada Mikhail Baryshnikov Ballet Cold War Theatre History
1982 Henry O. Flipper, First African-American Graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, Is Dismissed for "Conduct Unbecoming an Officer" Henry O. Flipper American Military Figures African-American Military Figures Texas State Historical Association
1985 39 American Hostages Are Freed in Beirut After Being Held for 17 Days on a Hijacked TWA Jetliner Lebanon Air Disasters Islam Mideast History Terrorism BBC
1986 The U.S. Postal Service Issues a Margaret Mitchell Stamp Honoring the 50th Anniversary of the Public Release of Gone With the Wind Margaret Mitchell American Authors U.S. Postal Service Georgia Historical Society
1992 Margaret Thatcher Takes Her Place in the House of Lords British Parliament Margaret Thatcher BBC
In Minnesota, a Ruptured Railroad Tanker Car Carrying Benzene Forces the Evacuation of 50,000 Residents of Superior and Duluth Minnesota Railroad Organic Chemistry Minnesota Historical Society