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Canada: Canada Day
(Observed annually on this date since 1879 to celebrate the union of the British provinces in North America)
Canada Canadian Government
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1899 Thomas A. Dorsey (Georgia-born Songwriter, Singer, Pianist; "Father of Gospel Music") Georgia Composers American Composers, Songwriters Gospel Music Georgia Historical Society
Political and Social Leaders
1856 George Donaghey (Louisiana-born Governor of Arkansas: 1909-1913) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture Arkansas History Commission
1893 Walter F. White (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist; NAACP Executive Secretary: 1931 - 1955) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders NAACP Georgia Historical Society
Performing Artists
1934 Sydney Pollack (Indiana-born Academy Award Director, Actor) Indiana Performing Artists American Performing Artists Academy Awards Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1859 Jake Atz (Washington, D.C.-born Texas League Baseball Manager) Washington, D.C. Sports Figures Texas Sports Figures Baseball Texas State Historical Association
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1961 Ernest Hemingway (Illinois-born Author; 1954 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Ernest Hemingway American Authors 1954 Nobel Laureate for Literature
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Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1775 The Continental Congress Resolves to Recruit Indian Nations into Their Dispute with the British Great Britain Native American Heritage Continental Congress American Revolution History Channel
1776 Delegates at the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia Take the First Vote on the Declaration of Independence Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Continental Congress Declaration of Independence Vote American Revolution University of Georgia
1778 In Delaware, Estates of White Males Loyal to the British Crown Are Seized Great Britain Delaware Housing Human Rights/Civil Rights American Revolution State of Delaware
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1817 U.S. Post Office Opens at Arkansas Post, Arkansas Arkansas Post, Arkansas U.S. Postal Service Arkansas History Commission
1836 Scientist, Author, Educator, Increase Allen Lapham, Arrives in Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin New York Scientists & Mathematicians Educators of Note American Authors Earth Science Wisconsin Historical Society
1838 Ole Knutson Nattestad Arrives in Rock County as the First Known Norwegian Settler in Wisconsin Norway Rock County, Wisconsin Immigration Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1844 Indiana's First Railroad Reaches Columbus From Madison Indiana  Railroads Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1846 California Republic Forces Led by John C. Frèmont Launch a Raid Against the San Francisco Presidio San Francisco Presidio  John C. Frèmont Forts War Learn California
1854 A Federal Commission Rules That Elias Howe Owns the First Patent for a Sewing Machine Elias Howe Inventors  and Inventions Patents and Trademarks Law Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1862 U.S. Congress Passes the Revenue Act, Creating the Internal Revenue Service and Levying an Income Tax U.S. Congress Internal Revnue Service Taxes American Civil War History Channel Lincoln Logs
At Malvern Hill, Virginia, Union Artillery Cuts Down Confederate Attackers on the Last of the Seven Days' Battles Virginia Battle of Malvern Hill History Channel
1863 Confederate Forces Take the Advantage in the First Day of Fighting at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Battle of Gettysburg Library of Congress History Channel State of Michigan
1864 U.S.S. Merrimac Captures the Blockade-running Sloop Henrietta West of Tampa, Florida Tampa, Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1866 The Oregon Stage Company Begins Operations between Portland and Sacramento, California Portland, Oregon Sacramento, California Transportation Business
1867 Johann Strauss, Jr.'s "Blue Danube" Waltz Receives Its American Premiere with a Performance by the Theodore Thomas Orchestra in New York Johann Strauss, Jr New York Composers Dance Historic Firsts American Public Media
1873 Henry Flipper Enters West Point Military Academy and Will Be Its First African-American Graduate Henry Flipper Education West Point Military Academy African-American Military Figures Georgia Historical Society
1879 U.S. Weather Bureau Opens in Little Rick, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Weather National Weather Service Arkansas History Commission
1897 The Music Division of the Library of Congress Is Founded in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Library of Congress Music American Public Media
1898 Theodore Roosevelt and His Volunteer Cavalry, the Rough Riders, Storm Cuba's San Juan Hill Cuba Theodore Roosevelt Spanish-American War Library of Congress History Channel Florida Historical Society
1899 The Gideons Organize at the YMCA in Janesville, Wisconsin Janesville, Wisconsin Religion The Bible Gideons International YMCA Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1905 St. Lucie County, Florida Is Named for a Nearby Spanish Fort Landmark in Honor of the Roman Catholic Saint, Saint Lucy of Syracuse  St. Lucie County, Florida Forts Catholicism Hispanic Heritage Florida Historical Society
1914 West Virginia Begins Statewide Prohibition of Alcohol  West Virginia Substance Abuse Law West Virginia State Archive
1915 Alabama Begins Statewide Prohibition of Alcohol  Alabama Substance Abuse Law Alabama State Archive
Sunset Highway Opens through Washington's Snoqualmie Pass  Washington Transportation History Link
1916 British Launch a Massive Offensive Against German Forces in the Somme River Region of France France Great Britain Germany World War I History Channel
In Denver, Colorado, 25-year-old Army Lieutenant, Dwight Eisenhower Marries 19-year-old Mamie Geneva Doud Denver, Colorado Dwight Eisenhower History Channel
1918 The Georgia General Assembly Ratifies the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Georgia General Assembly 18th Amendment University of Georgia
1922 A Nationwide Strike Begins of Railroad Shop Workers Railroad Labor Strikes Minnesota Historical Society
The First Scheduled Air Passenger Service from Mitchell Field in Milwaukee, Wisconsin Begins MiIlwaukee, Wisconsin Aviation Historic Firsts Mitchell Field Wisconsin Historical Society
The Smackover Oil Field Begins Producing in Union County, Arkansas Smackover, Arkansas Business Historic Firsts Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
1934 Wisconsin's Unemployment Insurance Law Is Placed into Effect, Requiring Contributions from Employers of 10 or More People Wisconsin Government Labor Business Law Wisconsin Historical Society
1935 The Territorial Legislature Changes the Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines to the University of Alaska Alaska Education Education University of Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1942 Allied Forces Battle Rommel's Afrika Corps for Control of North Afrika at Egypt's El Alamein Africa Egypt Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1945 The Men's and Women's Separate Campuses at the University of Delaware in Newark Become One Newark, Delaware Education Women University of Delaware State of Delaware
1946 The United States Explodes a 20-Kiloton Atomic Bomb Near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean Atomic Weapons Cold War New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 Turn Signals Are Mandatory on Autos in Delaware Delaware Government Automotives Law State of Delaware
1957 In Florida, Daytona Beach Community College Is Established Daytona Beach, Florida Education Daytona State College Florida Historical Society
1958 North Florida Junior College [Madison] Is Chartered Madison, Florida Education North Florida Junior College Florida Historical Society
1959 The State of Texas Grants the First Bus Franchise in the South Owned and Operated by African Americans Texas Business Transportation Business African-American Business Leaders Texas State Historical Association
The Circus World Museum Opens in Baraboo, Wisconsin Baraboo, Wisconsin Circus Museums Circus World Wisconsin Historical Society
1963 35 Protesters Stage Seattle, Washington's First Civil Rights Sit-In, Occupying the Offices of Mayor Gordon S. Clinton  Seattle, Washington Civil Rights Historic Firsts History Link
1965 Staff Member Advises President Johnson to Negotiate a Settlement and Not to Send More Troops to Vietnam President Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War History Channel
1966 U.S. Continues Bombing Fuel Storage Facilities Near the North Vietnamese Cities of Hanoi and Haiphong Aviation Military History Vietnam War History Channel
1967 A New Wisconsin Law First Makes It Legal to Purchase Oleomargarine in the State Wisconsin Government Foods and Nutrition Law Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1968 United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union and 58 Other Nations Sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Atomic Weapons Historic World Documents Cold War New York Times
In Seattle, Washington, 3 Men Are Sentenced to 6 Months in Jail for an Unlawful Sit-In at Franklin High School  Seattle, Washington Education Civil Rights Crime African-American Heritage Franklin High School History Link
1971 The National Park Service Opens the Andersonville National Historic Site, Including Andersonville Prison and Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia Parks and Landmarks Andersonville National Historic Site Prisoners of War American Civil War Georgia Historical Society
1975 Iowa Law Goes into Effect Providing Collective Bargaining Rights for Public Employees Iowa Government Labor Civil Rights Law State Historical Society of Iowa
1976 The Georgia Agrirama Opens in Tifton as the State's Official Agricultural Museum Tifton, Georgia Farming Georgia Agrirama Georgia Historical Society
1977 The 200 Acres Encompassing Downtown Ellensburg, Washington Are Placed on the National Register of Historic Places Ellensburg, Washington National Register of Historic Places History Link
1979 SONY Introduces the First Walkman History of Technology Historic Firsts SONY
1982 Dana Feingold Becomes the First Female Rabbi in Wisconsin Wisconsin Women Judaism Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1983 Georgia's Present State Constitution Becomes Effective Georgia Historic U.S. Documents Georgia Historical Society
In Washington, the City of Tacoma Buys the Drinking Water and Electrical Power Properties of Tacoma Light and Water Co.  Tacoma, Washington Water Electricity Economics History Link
1987 President Reagan Nominates Federal Appeals Court Judge Robert H. Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Supreme Court President Ronald Reagan New York Times
1991 President Bush Nominates African-American Federal Appeals Court Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court U.S. Supreme Court President George H.W. Bush African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1994 PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat Drives from Egypt into Gaza, Returning to Palestinian Land After 27 Years in Exile Yasser Arafat Middle East History BBC
1998 In Georgia the Name of DeKalb College Is Changed to Georgia Perimeter College Georgia Education Education Georgia Perimeter College Georgia Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 The Confederate Flag Is Removed from Atop South Carolina's Statehouse South Carolina Legislature Racism American Civil War New York Times
2005 A Statewide Ban on Smoking in All Public Buildings Goes into Effect in Georgia Georgia Tobacco Law Georgia Historical Society