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Authors, Poets and Journalists
1873 Telemon Cuyler (Georgia-born Historian, Author) Georgia Authors & Journalists World Hisgtory Georgia Historical Society
1909 Hoke S. Welch (Georgia-born Managing Editor of the Miami Daily News) Georgia Authors & Journalists Florida Authors & Journalists Journalism
1923 Wislawa Szymborska (Polish 1996 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Wislawa Szymborska Poetry 1996 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Political and Social Leaders
1810 Robert Toombs (Georgia-born Member of the U.S. Congress; Secretary of State for the Confederate States of America) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress American Civil War Georgia Historical Society
1908 Thurgood Marshall (Maryland-born African-American Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Thurgood Marshall U.S. Supreme Court African-American Political and Social Leaders
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1712 Jean Jacques Rousseau (Swiss-born French Philosopher, Author) Swiss Political and Social Leaders French Political and Social Leaders Philososphy Authors
1863 Paul J. Semmes (Georgia Confederate General Killed on the Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg) Georgia Military Figures Battle of Gettysburg Georgia Historical Society
1822 Denmark Vesey (African-born Slave Who Bought His Freedom and Was Executed for Leading a Failed South Carolina Slave Rebellion) South Slavery Capital Punishment PBS African American Registry
1911 Clement Evans (Georgia-born Civil War General; Historian) Georgia  Military Figures American Civil War World History
1961 Ernest Hemingway (Illinois-born Author; 1954 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Ernest Hemingway American Authors 1954 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1973 Betty Grable (Missouri-born Actress) Missouri American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1989 Andrei Gromyko (Soviet Foreign Minister) Soviet Cold War
1992 Camaron De La Isla: (Spanish Flamenco Vocalist) Camaron De La Isla Folk & Ethnic Musicians
1997 Jimmy Stewart (Pennsylvania-born Academy Award-Winning Actor) Jimmy Stewart American Performing Artists Film Academy Awards Internet Movie Database
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Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1693 A Spanish Expedition Arrives at Florida's Pensacola Bay, Having Followed an Overland Route from the St. Marks Area Spanish Explorers Florida North American Exploration Latin-American Heritage Florida Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1776 In Philadelphia, the Second Continental Congress Adopts a Resolution for Independence from Great Britain Great Britain Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Continental Congress Declaration of Independence Vote American Revolution University of Georgia
1778 In Brookfield, Massachusetts, Bathsheba Spooner Is the First Woman Put to Death in the New Republic of the United State of America Brookfield, Massachusetts Women Capital Punishment Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1788 The U.S. Constitution Goes Into Effect in Virginia Virginia U.S. Constitution Virginia Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1826 Commissioners from Georgia and Alabama Meet to Survey and Establish Their Border Where the State Line Leaves the Chattahoochee River Alabama Georgia Georgia Historical Society
1832 Private Abraham Lincoln's Mounted Company of Illinois Militia Pass through the Janesville, Wisconsin Area During the Black Hawk War Janesville, Wisconsin Abraham Lincoln Native-American Heritage Indian Wars Wisconsin Historical Society
1835 In Indiana, the Wabash & Erie Canal Is Completed From Fort Wayne to Huntington Indiana Canals Indiana Historical Society
1839 Africans on the Cuban Schooner Amistad Mutiny and Seize Control of the Ship Cuba The Amistad Slavery History Channel
1861 President Lincoln Authorizes General Scott to Suspend Writ of Habeas Corpus If Necessary President Abraham Lincoln writ of habeas corpus American Civil War Lincoln Logs
In Racine, Wisconsin, the Fourth Wisconsin Cavalry Is Organized and Mustered into Service Racine, Wisconsin American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Decides Fugitive Slaves Cannot be Returned to Masters or Starved, and Should Be Given Work with Reasonable Wages President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Refuses to Send Reinforcements to McClellan President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1863 Confederate Attacks on Union Positions Fail in the Second Day of Fighting at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Battle of Gettysburg History Channel Texas State Historical Association
1867 New York City's First Elevated Railroad Begins Operation Along Greenwich Street and 9th Avenue New York City Transportation Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1870 The Natchez and Robert E. Lee Steamboats Arrive in Helena, Arkansas During Their 3-day Race from New Orleans to St. Louis Helena, Arkansas New Orleans, Louisiana St. Louis, Missouri 1870 Steamboat Race Mississippi River Arkansas History Commission
1877 Prescott Replaces Rosston as the County Seat of Nevada County, Arkansas Nevada County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1881 President James A. Garfield Is Shot by Charles Guiteau, a Disgruntled Office Seeker President James A. Garfield Gun Safety History Channel
1882 James J. Hill's Hotel Lafayette Opens at Minnetonka Beach, Minnesota Minnetonka Beach, Minnesota Business Lafayette Club Minnesota Historical Society
1887 The First Issue of the Florida Metropolis (Jacksonville Journal) Is Published Jacksonville, Florida Journalism Historic Firsts Jacksonville Journal Courier Florida Historical Society
1890 U.S. Congress Passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act U.S. Congress Economics Monopolies Anti-Trust Law History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 Crystal River, Florida Is Formally Organized as a Town Crystal River, Florida Florida Historical Society
1917 Greece Ends Three Years of Neutrality by Joining with the British, French, Russian and Italians Greece Great Britain France Russia Italy World War I History Channel
1926 U.S. Army Air Corps Is Created U.S. Army Aviation Military History New York Times
1928 Located in Washington, D.C., W3XK Begins Broadcasting as the First Television Station in America Washington, D.C. Television Historic Firsts San Francisco State University Museum of Broadcast Communication
1932 Democrats Nominate New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt for President At Their Convention in Chicago Franklin Roosevelt Thje American Presidency Democratic National Party New York Times
1933 The 5th Marine Regiment of the United States Marines Corps, Withdraws from Nicaragua Nicaragua United States Marines Library of Congress
1935 Germany's Nazi Government Decrees That All Films Made Before Jan. 30, 1933, Must Be Submitted to the Censorship Commission Nazi Germany Film Civil Rights/Human Rights Theatre History
1940 In Washington, the Lake Washington Floating Bridge Is Dedicated Washington Lake Washington Bridge Lake Washington History Link
1942 Max Stephan of Detroit, Michigan Is Found Guilty of Treason for Assisting an Escaped Nazi Prisoner of War Detroit, Michigan Nazi Germany Prisonser of War War Crimes World War II Michigan Historical Center
1944 British and American's Mine the Danube River from the Air, American Aircraft Bomb Nazi-occupied Budapest Hungary Nazi Germany Great Britain Aviation Military History World War II History Channel
1947 The Soviet Union Rejects Marshall Plan Assistance Soviet Union The Marshall Plan World War II Cold War History Channel
1948 Ralphael O'Hara Lanier Becomes the First President of the Texas State University for Negroes (Texas Southern University) Texas Education Educators of Note Racism Historic Firsts African-American Political and Social Leaders Texas Southern University Texas State Historical Association
1949 In West Virginia, the Ritchie County Community of Mole Hill Changes Its Name to Mountain Ritchie County, West Virginia West Virginia State Archive
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1957 Gulf Coast Community College Is Founded at Panama City, Florida Panama City, Florida Education Gulf Coast Community College Florida Historical Society
1964 Republican Congressional Leaders Attack Johnson's Policy in Vietnam U.S. Congress President Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War History Channel
President Lyndon Johnson Signs Landmark Civil Rights Bill President Lyndon Johnson Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage BBC African American Registry
Martin Luther King, Jr. Stands Immediately Behind the President Johnson Has He Signs the Civil Rights Bill President Lyndon Johnson Martin Luther King, Jr Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage Georgia Historical Society
1976 The U.S. Supreme Court Rules the Death Penalty Is Not Inherently Cruel or Unusual U.S. Supreme Court Capital Punishment New York Times