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Artists, Architects and Designers
1738 John Singleton Copley (Massachusetts-born Painter) John Singleton Copley American Artists Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1854 Leoš Janácek (Czech Composer) Leoš Janácek Classical Composers
1878 George M. Cohan (Rhode Island-born Songwriter) Rhode Island Composers American Composers Internet Movie Database
1901 Ruth Crawford Seeger (Ohio-born Composer, Folk Music Compiler) Ohio Composers American Composers Folk Music
1926 Meyer Kupferman (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1848 Theodore Presser (Pennsylvania-born Music Publisher; co-Founder of the Music Teachers National Association) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Music Educators of Note Music Teachers National Association
Political and Social Leaders
1918 Ernest Vandiver, Jr. (Governor of Georgia: 1959-1963) Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1863 Little Crow (Taoyateduta, Leader of the Dakota: Murdered) Minnesota Dakota
1907 Pedro (Don Pedrito) Jaramillo (Mexican-American Faith Healer in Southern Texas) Mexican Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Health Care Latin-American Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1908 Joel Chandler Harris (Georgia-born Author of the Uncle Remus Books) Joel Chandler Harris American Authors Children's Authors
1918 Mohammed V (Sultan of Turkey) Turkey Political and Social Leaders World War I History Channel
1920 William Crawford Gorgas (Alabama-born U.S. Surgeon General: 1915-1918) Alabama Scientists & Mathematicians Health Care Yellow Fever Alabama State Archives
1941 Albert Blakeslee White (Ohio-born Governor of West Virginia: 1901 - 1905) Ohio Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders West Virginia State Archive
1971 Jim Morrison (Florida-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ("The Doors") Jim Morrison Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
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Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1714 In England, 17-year-old James Oglethorpe, Founder of the Georgia Colony, Enters Corpus Christi College, Oxford University James Oglethorpe Georgia Colonial Georgia Education Corpus Christi College, Oxford University Georgia Historical Society
1754 A Force of 600 French and 100 Indians Drive British Troops Commanded by George Washington From Fort Necessity France Great Britain Pennsylvania George Washington Native-American Heritage Fort Necessity French & Indian War Ohio Historical Society
1775 George Washington Formally Takes Command of the Continental Army U.S. Army George Washington American Revolution History Channel
1776 In Massachusetts, African Masonic Lodge No. 1 Is Formed Massachusetts African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Las Vegas Review journal The History of African Lodge #459
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1816 Construction Begins on Fort Crawford in Wisconsin Wisconsin Forts Wisconsin Historical Society
1823 Monroe County, Florida's 6th County, Is Created and Named for James Monroe, the 5th President of the United States Monroe County, Florida President James Monroe Florida Historical Society
1839 Dakota Warriors Attack and Kill about 100 Ojibwe People in Two Minnesota Locations Minnesota Dakota Death Minnesota Historical Society
1844 US and China Sign the Treaty of Wangxia, Providing U.S. Access to the Chinese Market and Most Favored Nation Status China International Trade Historic U.S. Documents Asian History
1850 The Steamboat Columbia Makes Its First Trial Run on the River of the Same Name Oregon Washington Steamboats Columbia River Historic Firsts
1857 Iowa's Constitution Goes into Effect Iowa Historic U.S. Documents State Historical Society of Iowa
1862 President Lincoln Telegraphs Appeal to Union Governors for Another 50,000 Troops President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Telegraph Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Telegraphs Congratulations to General McClellan on a Job Well Done President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Telegraph Lincoln Logs
1863 Union Troops Repel a Massive Artillery Assault on Cemetery Ridge at Pennsylvania's Battle of Gettysburg Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Battle of Gettysburg Library of Congress History Channel New York Times
Boats from the U.S.S. Fort Henry Capture the Sloop Emma North of Florida's Sea Horse Key with a Cargo of Tar and Confederate Mail Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Abraham Bennett Becomes Minnesota's First Railroad Fatality: When a Train Strikes His Wagon in St. Paul Minnesota Railroad Death Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1879 A Tornado Strikes Goodhue County, Minnesota, Killing 9 People and Injuring 30 Goodhue County, Minnesota Tornado Death Minnesota Historical Society
1884 City-County Hospital (University Medical Center at Brackenridge) Opens in Austin, Texas Austin, Texas Health Care University Medical Center at Brackenridge Texas State Historical Association
1888 In New York City, Construction Is Completed on the George Washington Bridge New York City Bridges New York Historical Society
1889 In Atlanta, Members of the Georgia General Assembly March from the Current Capitol at the Kimball Opera House to the State's New Capitol Atlanta, Georgia Georgia Historical Society
1890 Idaho Becomes the 43rd State Idaho The United States New York Times
1896 Pompano Beach, Florida Is First Settled Pompano Beach, Florida Florida Historical Society
1898 The U.S. Navy Defeats a Spanish Fleet in the Harbor at Santiago, Cuba Cuba Spain Naval Military History Spanish-American War New York Times Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1908 Pompano Beach, Florida Is Incorporated Pompano Beach, Florida Florida Historical Society
1913 Georgia State Senate Refuses Request of the Georgia Woman's Suffrage Association to Address the Senate Georgia State Legislature Women Women's Suffrage University of Georgia
At Fairbanks, Army Captain J. V. Martin Pilots the First Airplane Flight in Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Aviation U.S. Army Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1917 The Dandelion Is the First Ship to Pass through the Minneapolis Locks on the Mississippi River Minneapolis, Minnesota Naval History Mississippi River Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1919 American Soldiers Return From Fighting the Bolsheviks on the Murmask Front in Northern Russia Russia Bolshevik Revolution Michigan Historical Center
Milwaukee, Wisconsin Opens One of the First Publicly-Owned Airports in the United States Milwaukee, Wisconsin Aviation Wisconsin Historical Society
1920 In Washington, Kennewick's Liberty Theatre Opens for Business Kennewick, Washington Stage & Theater Film History Link
1930 Congress Creates the U.S. Veterans Administration U.S. Congress U.S. Veterans Administration U.S. Military Figures New York Times
1933 In Dover, Delaware Governor C. Douglass Buck Lays the Cornerstone of the State's Legislative Hall Dover, Delaware Architecture State of Delaware
1935 In Washington, the Ferry Kalakala Starts Daily Service between Seattle and Bremerton Washington Naval History History Link
1940 British Naval Forces Destroy the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to Prevent Nazis Using the Ships to Invade Britain Algeria France Great Britain Nazi Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel
1947 In New Mexico, the Santa Fe Opera Presents Its First Performance in a New Outdoor Theater North of the City Sante Fe, New Miexco Opera Sante Fe Opera New Mexico Magazine
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 Terms Are Accepted to Begin Peace Talks in Korea Korean War BBC
1957 Nikita Khrushchev Takes Control in the Soviet Union by Ousting Opponents in Positions of Authority Nikita Khrushchev The Cold War History Channel
1958 President Eisenhower Signs the Rivers and Harbors Flood Control Bill, Allocating Funds for Federal Flood Control and Water Storage President Eisnehower Rivers Flooding Laws and Legal Resources History Channel
1964 Natural Bridge Caverns, the Largest Known Cavern in Texas, Is Opened to the Public Natural Bridge Caverns Earth Science Caves Texas State Historical Association
1966 London Rally Protesting the Vietnam War Turns Violent London, England Vietnam War Crime BBC
Atlanta Braves Pitcher Tony Cloninger Hits 2 Grand Slam Homeruns and Drives in 9 Runs in a Single Game Against the Giants Atlanta, Georgia San Francisco, California Baseball Georgia Historical Society
1968 Hillsborough Community College Is Founded in Tampa, Florida Tampa, Florida Education Hillsborough Community College Florida Historical Society
1987 French Court Sentences Nazi War Criminal, Klaus Barbie, to Life in Prison France Nazi Germany Law and Legal Resources World War II War Crimes BBC
1988 U.S. Navy Cruiser Vincennes Mistakenly Shoots Down an Iranian Passenger Jet, Killing All 290 Persons Aboard Iran Air Disasters Death Middle East History History Channel BBC