for

AUGUST 19

 
 

The United States
 
 
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Philo T. Farnsworth was a pioneer of what technology? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year did the United States first celebrate August 19 as Aviation Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the White House, what was President Clinton's full name when he was born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date: BOB K CIVIC
INTERMEDIATE

1. In which state was Charles Bolden born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Edith Nesbit Society, Nesbit is best known as the author of what children's story? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, from which university did Philo T. Farnsworth graduate? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a movie for which Ring Lardner, Jr. won an Oscar (according to CNN):
SHAM
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. On what date did Francois de Rozier pilot the first manned hot air balloon flight?

2. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, before they attempted powered flight, what did the Wright Brothers first master?

3. According to the History Channel, what was Joseph Conrad's Polish name?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by Ogden Nash (according to Ogden Nash Online):
MED MARY
 
 

E(dith) Nesbit
Born on This Date 1858

[PBS]


Orville Wright
Born on This Date 1871

[First to Fly]


Philo T. Farnsworth
Born on This Date in 1906

[University of San Diego]


Charles Bolden
Born on This Date 1946

[NASA]


Bill Clinton
Born on This Date 1946

[White House]

 
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Afghanistan: Independence Day
(Commemorates Treaty of Rawalpind signed 08/08/1919, whereby Britain relinquished control 08/19/1919)
Afghanistan England U.S. Department of State
Russian Orthodox Church: Apple Spas (Second Savior)
(Observed annually 08/19 to commemorate the Transfiguration of Jesus)
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Calendar
1858 E(dith) Nesbit (English Children's Author) Edith Nesbit Young-adult Authors
1932 Barbara Wersba (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1938 Vicki Cobb (New York City-born Children's Author) Vicki Cobb Young-adult Authors Science Official Website
1947 T.A. Dyer (Oregon-born Children's Author) Oregon Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1902 Ogden Nash (New York-born Poet) Ogden Nash Poetry
1903 James Gould Cozzens (Chicago-born Novelist) James Gould Cozzens
1909 Jerzy Andrzejewski (Polish Author, Political Dissident) Jerzy Andrzejewski
1915 Ring Lardner, Jr. (Chicago-born Screenwriter) Ring Lardner, Jr. Film McCarthyism: Red Scare
1919 Malcolm Forbes (New York City-born Publisher of "Forbes" Magazine) Malcom Forbes Business & Economics Journalism
1921 Gene Roddenberry (Texas-born Science Fiction Author of Star Trek) Gene Roddenberry Space & Astronomy
1930 Frank McCourt (New York City-born Irish-American Awarded the 1997 Pulitzer Prize for Biography/Autobiography) Frank McCourt Irish Authors Educators of Note 1997 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography
1957 Li-Young Lee (Indonesian Poet) Indonesian Authors Poetry Writer's Almanac
1881 Georges Enesco (Romanian Violinist, Composer) Georges Enesco Classical Musicians Composers
1877 Frank Schoonover (New Jersey-born Artist, Illustrator, Author) New Jersey Artists Amewrican Artists & Designers
1883 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel (French Fashion Designer) Coco Chanel Artists & Designers
1938 Robert Graham (Mexican-American Sculptor of the Franklin Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, D.C.) Robert Graham Franklin Roosevelt Memorial American Artists & Designers Latin-American Artists
1584 Pierre Vernier (French Mathematician) Pierre Vernier Trigonometry
1646 John Flamsteed (English Astronomer; Founder of the Greenwich Observatory) John Flamsteed Astronomy
1745 Johan Gottlieb Gahn (Swedish Chemist) Johan G. Gahn Manganese Chemistry
1830 Julius Lothar Meyer (German Chemist) Julius Lothar Meyer Periodic Table of Elements Chemistry
1906 Philo T. Farnsworth (Utah-born Inventor; Pioneer of Early Television) Philo T. Farnsworth Television Inventors & Inventions
1924 Willard Boyle (Canadian-born Inventor; 2009 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Willard Boyle Digital Imaging Inventors & Inventions 2009 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1871 Orville Wright (Indiana-born Aviation Pioneer) Orville Wright Aviation
1946 Charles Bolden (South Carolina-born African-American Astronaut) Charles Bolden Astronauts Famous African Americans
1785 Seth Thomas (Connecticut-born Clock Manufacturer Who Pioneered Mass Production) Seth Thomas American Business Leaders
1870 Bernard Baruch (South Carolina-born Financier and Presidential Advisor) Bernard Baruch Business & Economics American Government Nuclear Energy
1814 Mary Ellen Pleasant (Pennsylvania-born Abolitionist) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Abolition African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1908 Warren P. Knowles, Jr. (Governor of Wisconsin: 1965-1971) Wisconsin Political & Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1942 Fred Thompson (Alabama-born U.S. Senator and Actor: Law and Order) Fred Thompson Tennessee Political Leaders U.S. Congress Film
1946 Bill Clinton (Arkansas-born President of the United States) Arkansas Political Leaders Bill Clinton The American Presidency
1948 Tipper Gore (Virginia-born Wife of U.S. Vice-President Al Gore) Tipper Gore
1900 Colleen Moore (Michigan-born Actress) Colleen Moore American Performing Artists Film
1924 William Marshall (Indiana-born African-American Actor) Indiana Performing Artists American Performing Artists African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1927 L.Q. Jones (Texas-born Actor) L.Q. Jones American Performing Artists Film
1933 Debra Paget (Colorado-born Actress) Debra Paget American Performing Artists Film
1938 Diana Muldaur (New York City-born Actress) Muldaur Diana American Performing Artists Film Television
1939 Ginger Baker (English Rock Musician) Ginger Baker Rock Musicians
1940 Johnny Nash (Texas-born Popular musician) Johnny Nash Popular Musicians
Jill St. John (Los Angeles-born Actress) Jill St. John American Performing Artists Film Television
1943 Billy J. Kramer (English Popular Musician) Billy J. Kramer Popular Musicians
1945 Ian Gillan (English Popular Musician) Ian Gillan Popular Musicians
1948 Gerald McRaney (Mississippi-born Actor) Gerald McRaney American Performing Artists Television
1951 John Deacon (English Rock Musician) John Deacon Popular Musicians
1952 Jonathan Frakes (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Jonathan Frakes American Performing Artists Television
1955 Peter Gallagher (New York-born Actor) Peter Gallagher American Performing Artists Television Film
1957 Adam Arkin (New York City-born Actor) Adam Arkin American Performing Artists Television
1957 Gary Chapman (Oklahoma-born Country Music Singer, Songwriter) Gary Chapman Country Musicians
1962 Eric Lutes (Rhode Island-born Actor) Eric Lutes American Performing Artists Television Film
1963 John Stamos (California-born Actor) John Stamos American Performing Artists Television
1965 Kyra Sedgwick (New York City-born Actress) Kyra Sedgwick American Performing Artists Film Television
1965 Kevin Dillon (New York-born Actor) Kevin Dillon American Performing Artists Film Television
1969 Matthew Perry (Massachusetts-born Actor: Friends) Matthew Perry American Performing Artists Film Television
1989 Lil' Romeo (New Orleans-born Rapper) Lil' Romeo Popular Musicians
1931 Willie Shoemaker (Texas-born Jockey) Willie Shoemaker Horse Racing
1935 Bobby Richardson (South Carolina-born Professional Baseball Player) Bobby Richardson Baseball
1936 Al Oerter (New York-born Discus Thrower, Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Al Oerter The Olympics Track and Field
1971 Mary Jo Fernandez (Dominican Republic Professional Tennis Player) Mary Jo Fernandez Tennis Latin-American Studies
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Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
14 Caesar Augustus (Roman Emperor) The Roman Empire Concordia Historical Institute
1662 Blaise Pascal (French Mathematician, Scientist, Philosopher) Blaise Pascal Scientists & Mathematicians Philosophers
1888 Mary Thomas (Indiana Physician, Temperance Leader, Women's Rights Advocate) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Medical Professionals Substance Abuse Women Rights
1895 William Strong (Connecticut-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
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1935 Alton C. Nordale (Alaskan Territorial Legislator; Plane Crash Near Healy River) Alaska Air Disasters Alaska Historical Society
1936 Federcio Garcia Lorca (Spanish Poet, Playwright Killed by Assassination) Federcio Garcia Lorca Spanish Civil War Death Writer's Almanac
1977 Groucho Marx (New York City-born Comedian, Actor) The Marx Brothers American Performing Artists Film Television Internet Movie Database
1994 Linus Pauling (Oregon-born Nobel Laureate for Chemistry and Nobel Laureate for Peace) Linus Pauling Chemistry Protein Nobel Laureate Nuclear War
2009 Don Hewitt (New York City-born Creator of the Television News Show "60 Minutes") Don Hewitt Journalism Television 60 Minutes Internet Movie Database
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1099 First Crusade Armies Defeat Saracens at Ancient Palestinian City of Ascalon The Crusades Christianity Islam Concordia Historical Institute
1493 Maximilian Succeeds His Father Frederick III as Holy Roman Emperor European History Catholicism The HistoryNet
1531 English Protestant Preacher, Thomas Bilney, Is Burned at the Stake for Heresy Great Britain Christianity Death Concordia Historical Institute
1587 Sigismund III Chosen King of Poland Polish History The HistoryNet
1692 Five Residents of Salem, Massachusetts Are Hanged As Witches Salem Witchcraft Trials Law & Legal Resources Christianity Death Concordia Historical Institute
1772 Gustavus III of Sweden Establishes an Absolute Monarchy Swedish History The HistoryNet
1773 The First Boundary Is Established Between the Spanish Provinces of Baja and Alta, California California Mexico Spain The Encycloepdia of San Francisco
1749 Texas Apaches Accept Christianity for Spanish Protection from Comanches Spain Texas Native Americans Apaches Religion Texas State Historical Association
1773 The First Official Boundary Is Set Between the Spanish Provinces of Alta California and Baja California Spain Mexico California Historic Firsts Latin American Heritage LearnCalifornia
1779 Americans Capture British Garrison at Paulus Hook, New Jersey New Jersey History American Revolution The HistoryNet
1785 Congress Authorizes Treasury to Fix Standard U.S. Weights and Measures U.S. Congress Standards U.S. Treasury History Channel
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis Is in Pittsburgh Awaiting Completion of His Keelboat for an Aug 31 Launch
Pennsylvania Lewis & Clark Map: 07/15/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition
Keelboats Pittsburgh Legacy
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Today, we gave the gift for the Indian Chiefs and Warriors. Lewis explained to the Indians, the speech from the Council Bluffs by Mr. Faufon that was sent to the Nation. The Indians approved of the speech and the advice. Serjeant Floyd is taken verry bad all at once* with a Biliose Chorlick we attempt to relieve him without success as yet, he gets worst and we are much allarmed at his Situation, all attention to him.
Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Lewis & Clark Expedition Health Native American Heritage The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning I arrose at dylight and sent out three hunters. some of the men who were much in want of legings and mockersons I suffered to dress some skins. the others I employed in repacking the baggage, making pack saddles &c. we took up the net this morning but caugt no fish. one Beaver was caught in a trap.

the frost which perfectly whitened the grass this morning had a singular appearance to me at this season. this evening I made a few of the men construct a sein of willow brush which we hawled and caught a large number of fine trout and a kind of mullet about 16 Inhes long which I had not seen before. it is by no means as good as the trout. The hunters returned this evening with two deer.

from what has been said of the Shoshones it will be readily perceived that they live in a wretched stait of poverty. yet notwithstanding their extreem poverty they are not only cheerfull but fond of gaudy dress and amusements; like most other Indians they are great egotists and frequently boast of heroic acts which they never performed. they are also fond of games of wrisk. they are frank, communicative, fair in dealing, generous with the little they possess, extreemly honest, and by no means beggarly. each individual is his own sovereign master, and acts from the dictates of his own mind; the authority of the Cheif being nothing more than mere admonition supported by the influence which the propiety of his own exammplery conduct may have acquired him in the minds of the individuals who composed the band. the title of cheif is not hereditary, nor can I learn that there is any cerimony of instalment, or other epoh in the life of a Cheif from which his title as such can be dated. in fact every man is a chief,
but all have not an equal influence on the minds of the other members of the community, and he who happens to enjoy the greatest share of confidence is
the principal Chief.

The Shoshones may be estimated as about 100 warriors, and about three
times that number of woomen and children. they have more children among them than I expected to have seen among a people who procure subsistence with such difficulty. there are but few very old persons, nor did they appear to treat those with much tenderness or rispect. The man is the sole propryetor of his wives and daughters, and can barter or dispose of either as he thinks
proper. a plurality of wives is common among them, but these are not generally sisters as with the Minetares & Mandans but are purchased of different fathers. The father frequently disposes of his infant daughters in marriage to men who are grown or to men who have sons for whom they think proper to provide wives. the compensation given in such cases usually consists of horses or mules which the father receives at the time of contract and converts to his own uce.
the girl remains with her parents untill she is conceived to have obtained the
age of puberty which with them is considered to be about the age of 13 or 14 years. the female at this age is surrendered to her sovereign lord and husband agreeably to contract

Sah-car-gar-we-ah had been thus disposed of before she was taken by the Minnetares, or had arrived to the years of puberty. the husband was yet living and with this band. he was more than double her age and had two other wives. he claimed her as his wife but said that as she had had a child by another man, who was Charbono, that he did not want her.

They seldom correct their children particularly the boys who soon become masters of their own acts. they give as a reason that it cows and breaks the Sperit of the boy to whip him, and that he never recovers his independence of mind after he is grown. They treat their women but with little rispect, and compel them to perform every species of drudgery. they collect the wild fruits and roots, attend to the horses or assist in that duty cook dreess the skins and make all their apparal, collect wood and make their fires, arrange and form their lodges, and when they travel pack the horses and take charge of all the baggage; in short the man dose little else except attend his horses hunt and fish. the man considers himself degraded if he is compelled to walk any distance, and if he is so unfortunately poor as only to possess two horses he rides the best himself and leavs the woman or women if he has more than one, to transport their baggage and children on the other, and to walk if the horse is unable to
carry the additional weight of their persons—

notwithstanding the late loss of horses which this people sustained by the Minnetares the stock of the band may be very safetly estimated at seven hundred of which they are perhaps about 40 coalts and half that number of mules.—

these people are deminutive in stature, thick ankles, crooked legs, thick flat feet and in short but illy formed, at least much more so in general than any nation of Indians I ever saw. their complexion is much that of the Siouxs or darker than the Minnetares mandands or Shawnees. generally both men and women wear their hair in a loos lank flow over the sholders and face; tho' I observed some few men who confined their hair in two equal cues hanging over each ear and drawnn in front of the body. the cue is formed with throngs of dressed lather or Otterskin aternately crossing each other. at present most of them have cut short in the neck in consequence of the loss of their relations by the Minnetares. Cameahwait has his cut close all over his head. this constitutes their cerimony of morning for their deceased relations. the dress of the men consists of a robe long legings, shirt, tippet and Mockersons, that of the women is also a robe, chemise, and Mockersons; sometimes they make use of short legings. the ornements of both men and women are very similar, and consist of several species of sea shells, blue and white beads, bras and Iron arm bands, plaited cords of the sweet grass, and collars of leather ornamented with the quills of the porcupine dyed of various colours among which I observed the red, yellow, blue, and black. the ear is purforated in the lower part to receive various ornaments but the nose is not, nor is the ear lasserated or disvigored for this purpose as among many nations. the men never mark their skins by birning, cuting, nor puncturing and introducing a colouring matter as many nations do. there women sometimes puncture a small circle on their forehead nose or cheeks and thus introduce a black matter usually soot and grease which leaves an indelible stane. tho' this even is by no means common.

their arms offensive and defensive consist in the bow and arrows sheild, some lances, and a weapon called by the Cippeways who formerly used it, the
pog-gar'-mag-gon'. in fishing they employ wairs, gigs, and fishing hooks. the salmon is the principal object of their pursuit. they snair wolves and foxes.

These people have suffered much by the small pox which is known to be imported and perhaps other disorders might have been contracted from other indian tribes who by a round of communication might have obtained from the Europeans since it was introduced into that quarter of the globe

from the middle of May to the firt of September these people reside on the waters of the Columbia where they consider themselves in perfect security from their enimies as they have not as yet ever found their way to this retreat; during this season the salmon furnish the principal part of their subsistence and as
this firsh either perishes or returns about the 1st of September they are compelled at this season in surch of subsistence to resort to the Missouri, in
the vallies of which, there is more game even within the mountains. here they move slowly down the river in order to collect and join other bands either of their own nation or the Flatheads, and having become sufficiently strong as they conceive venture on the Eastern side of the Rockey mountains into the plains, where the buffaloe abound. but they never leave the interior of the mountains while they can obtain a scanty subsistence, and always return as soon as they have acquired a good stock of dryed meat in the plains; when this stock is consumed they venture again into the plains; thus alternately obtaining their
food at the risk of their lives and retiring to the mountains, while they consume it.—

These people are now on the eve of their departure for the Missouri, and inform us that they expect to be joined at or about the three forks by several bands of their own nation, and a band of the Flatheads. as I am now two busily engaged to enter at once into a minute discription of the several articles which compose their dress, impliments of war hunting fishing &c I shall pursue them at my leasure in the order they have here occurred to my mind, and have been mentioned.

This morning capt. Clark continued his rout with his party, the Indians accompanying him as yesterday; he was obliged to feed them. nothing remarkable happened during the day. he was met by an Indian with two mules
on this side of the dividing ridge at the foot of the mountain, the Indian had the politeness to offer Capt. C. one of his mules to ride as he was on foot, which he accepted and gave the fellow a waistcoat as a reward for his politeness. in the evening he reached the creek on this side of the Indian camp and halted for the night. his hunters killed nothing today.

The Indians value their mules very highly. a good mules can not be obtained for less than three and sometimes four horses, and the most indifferent are rates at two horses. their mules generally are the finest I ever saw without any comparison.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some rain last night and this morning the wind rose and blew with great Violence untill 4 P. M and as our camp was on a Sand bar we were very much distressed with the blows of Sand.

I directed the hunters to proceed on down the bottom and kill and butcher Some meat and if the wind Should lie that I should proceed on down to their Camp &c.

Capt. Lewis'es wounds are heeling very fast, I am much in hope of his being able to walk in 8 or 10 days—.

at 4 P. M the wind Seased to blow with that violence which it had done all day we Set out and proceeded on down. the hunters which was Sent out this morning killed 4 Elk & 12 deer near the river we came too and brought in the most of the flesh and proceeded on to a Sand on the N E Side and Encamped.

the wind rose and become very Strong from the S. E. and a great appearance of rain. Jessomme the Interpreter let me have a piece of a lodge and the Squars pitched or Stretched it over Some Sticks, under this piece of leather I Slept dry, it is the only covering which I have had Suffecient to keep off the rain Since I left the Columbia.

it began to rain moderately Soon after night. The indians appear well Satisfyed with the party and mode of proceedure.

we decended only 10 miles to day Saw Some Elk and buffalow on the Shore near where we Encamped. the Elk beginning to run. the Buffalow are done running & the bulls are pore.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Burleigh County, North Dakota Native Americans

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1812 U.S. Frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, Defeats British Ship Guerriere War of 1812 Naval History History Channel
1814 British Troops Land at Benedict, MD with Orders to Capture Washington, D.C. Maryland Washington, D.C. War of 1812 Library of Congress
1826 The British Grant the Canada Company a Charter for 2M+ Acres Upper Canada Canada Great Britain Library and Archives of Canada
1839 Louis Daguerre Announces Daguerreotype Photo Process at the French Academy of Science Louis-Jacques Mandé Daguerre Photography Library of Congress
1841 First U.S. Bankruptcy Laws Are Put into Practice Business & Economics Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1848 The New York Herald Reports the Discovery of Gold in California California Gold Journalism History Channel
1853 The U.S. Reclaims Astoria, Oregon, the Columbia River and Surrounding Territory from the British Great Britain Astoria, Oregon Columbia River SalemOregon.com
1856 Gail Borden Receives Patent for Condensed Milk New York Scientists & Inventors Inventors and Inventions Patents Foods & Nutrition Today in Science History
1862 Dakota Indians Kill 16 Townspeople in New Ulm, Minnesota Minnesota Sioux Indians History Channel University of Missouri-Kansas City Minnesota Historical Society
1863 Union Boats Attack Confederate Signal Stations on Florida's St. Johns River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
The Military Draft Resumes in New York City After Being Halted in July by Riots New York City American Civil War New York Historical Society
Airship Inventor, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Makes a Hot Air Balloon Ascension Above St. Paul, Minnesota German Scientists & Inventors St. Paul, Minnesota Hot Air Balloons Minnesota Historical Society
1886 Joseph Conrad Becomes a British Citizen Joseph Conrad Great Britain History Channel
The Church of God Is Organized in Cleveland, Tennessee Tennessee Christianity Church of God Concordia Historical Institute
1890 Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Is Established Georgia Tennessee American Civil War Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Georgia History
1895 John Selman, Off-duty El Paso Policeman, Kills John Wesley Hardin John Wesley Hardin Notorious Americans History Channel Texas State Historical Association
1905 Georgia Abolishes Its "Colored Troops" Militia Georgia African-American Heritage Racism Georgia History
Detroit Tigers Purchase Ty Cobb for $900 from Augusta of South Atlantic League Ty Cobb Business Baseball Hall of Fame Detroit Tigers USA Today
1909 Indianapolis Motor Speedway Opens for First Three Days of Racing Indianapolis Motor Speedway Auto Racing Indianapolis Motor Speedway USA Today
1914 The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) Lands in France French History British History World War I The HistoryNet
President Wilson Proclaims Neutrality to Keep U.S. Out of World War I President Woodrow Wilson World War I Brigham Young University
1916 Georgia Enacts Legislation to Allow Women to Practice Law Georgia Women Law and Legal Resources Georgia History
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1921 Ty Cobb Is the Youngest Player to Achieve 3,000 Hits Ty Cobb Baseball Hall of Fame USA Today
1929 "Amos 'n' Andy" Comedy Radio Show Debuts on NBC Radio African-American History New York Times
1933 The First All-American Soap Box Derby Takes Place in Dayton, Ohio Dayton, Ohio Auto Racing Historic Firsts All-American Soap Box Derby Ohio Historical Society
1934 Plebiscite Approves Adolf Hitler's Sole Executive Power as Fuhrer Germany Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany History Channel New York Times
1935 Alton C. Nordale, an Alaskan Territorial Legislator, Dies in a Plane Crash Near Healy River Alaska Air Disasters Death Alaska Historical Society
1936 Franco's Troops Assassinate Spanish Poet/Playwright Federcio Garcia Lorca Federcio Garcia Lorca Spanish Civil War Death Writer's Almanac
News Staff Strike the Seattle Post-Intelligence Owned by William Randolph Hearst Washington Journalism Labor State of Washington
1941 The New Mexico National Guard's 200th Coast Artillery Ships Out for an Ill-Fated Assignment in the Philippines Philippines New Mexico Military figures World War II New Mexico National Guard New Mexico Magazine
1942 Canadian/British Raid on Dieppe, France Fails Canada at War British Military France World War II BBC
Mexican Law Makes Military Service Compulsory for All Males Age 18 and Older Mexico War Hispanic Heritage Mexico Connect
1944 Charles DeGaulle Begins Attacking German Forces in Paris Nazi Germany Charles DeGaulle Paris World War II The HistoryNet
1945 Ho Chi Minh and the Communist Party Seize Power in Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam National Admistration of Tourism
1948 New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral Fills to Capacity for Funeral of Babe Ruth Saint Patrick's Cathedral Babe Ruth Baseball Hall of Fame ESPN
1950 ABC Broadcasts the First Saturday Morning Television Shows for Children ABC Family Television Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1951 Bill Veeck, Owner of the St. Louis Browns, Pinch Hits 43" Eddie Gaedel Against the Detroit Tigers Detroit, Michigan St. Louis, Missouri Bill Veeck Baseball Hall of Fame Major League Baseball New York Times State of Michigan
1953 CIA-assisted Coup Overthrows Government of Iran Iran CIA History Channel
Israel Establishes the Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority Israel The Holocaust Yad Vashem
1955 Hurricane Diane Causes Severe Flooding in Upstate Delaware and throughout the Northeast U.S.: 200 People Die Delaware Hurricanes Flooding Death New York Times State of Delaware
1957 First Balloon Flight above 100,000 Feet Takes Off from Crosby, Minnesota Minnesota Aviation Historic Firsts The HistoryNet The HistoryNet
Leonard Bernstein's Musical, "West Side Story," Begins a Trial Run at the National Theater in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.> Leonard Bernstein West Side Story The National Theater American Public Media
New York Giants Announce Decision to Move to San Francisco New York California Baseball San Francisco Giants USA Today
1960 Moscow Tribunal Convicts American U-2 Pilot Gary Powers of Espionage Francis Gary Powers Soviet Union The U-2 Spy Plane Incident BBC
Soviets Launch Sputnik 5 with Two Dogs, Strelka and Belka, Aboard Russian Space Program Space Exploration NASA
1963 NAACP Youth Council Begins Oklahoma City Lunch Counter Sit-ins Oklahoma Civil Rights African-American History National Park Service (pdf)
Dutch Elm Disease Blamed for the Deaths of Thousands of Trees in Iowa Iowa Trees State Historical Society of Iowa
1965 U.S. Forces Destroy Viet Cong Stronghold near Van Tuong Vietnam War The HistoryNet
1969 After Slamming into the Gulf Coast, Hurricane Camille Moves into Virginia and Causes Massive Flooding Virginia Hurricanes Flooding Virginia Historical Society
1970 Cambodia and U.S. Sign $40M Military Aid Agreement Cambodia Business & Economics Vietnam War History Channel
1971 California's Matt Throne (12) Is Youngest to Bowl 300 in a Sanctioned League California Bowling USA Today
1972 Democratic Candidate George McGovern Attacks Nixon's Policy in Vietnam Richard Nixon American Presidency Vietnam War Politics History Channel
1974 U.S. Ambassador Rodger P. Davies Is Killed at American Embassy in Cyprus Cyprus Terrorism Death OPSEC
1976 President Ford Wins Republican Presidential Nomination in Kansas City Nebraska Political Leaders President Gerald Ford The American Presidency Politics & Elections New York Times
1977 Construction Is Completed on Florida's Capitol Building Florida Florida Historical Society
1981 U.S. Aircraft Shoot Down Two Libyan Fighters over the Gulf of Sidra Libya War OPSEC
1982 Soviet Soyuz T-7 Is Launched with 2 Men and 1 Woman Aboard Russian Space Program Space Exploration NASA
1988 The FDA Approves Rogaine for Treatment of Male Pattern Baldness Drugs and Medicines FDA Official Web Site IntelliHealth
University of Wisconsin-Madison Receives $12 million to Establish an Engineering Research Center for Plasma-Aided Manufacturing Madison, Wisconsin Plasma Economics Official Web Site Wisconsin Historical Society
1989 Bishop Desmond Tutu Defies Apartheid with South African Beach Walk Bishop Desmond Tutu Human Rights 1984 Nobel Peace Laureate African American Registry
1991 Communist Coup Temporarily Removes Mikhail Gorbachev from Power Mikhail Gorbachev 1990 Nobel Peace Laureate The Cold War BBC
African-American Mob Kills Jewish Australian Student Visiting Brooklyn Australia New York City African-American Heritage Judaism Racism Death History Channel African American Registry
1994 President Clinton Halts Open-door Policy for Cuban Refugees President Bill Clinton The American Presidency Cuba Immigration Laws & Policies New York Times
1996 Arkansas' Governor Tucker Sentenced to Probation for Whitewater Crimes Arkansas Political Leaders President Bill Clinton & Whitewater Investigation The American Presidency Law & Legal Resources New York Times
2002 Chechnyan Rebels Shoot Down Russian Military Helicopter: 119 Die Russia War Aviation Death New York Times
Smithsonian Puts Julia Child's Kitchen on Display Masachusetts Foods and Nutrition Television Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
2003 UN Envoy to Iraq Dies in Baghdad Bombing United Nations Iraq The Iraq War BBC