for

AUGUST 20

 
 



Hungary
 
 
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In what year was the state of Hungary first founded? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In which state was President Benjamin Harrison born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Children's Book Council, what three things does Sue Alexander like to do each morning before she starts writing? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist born on this date:
LAKE SHIN TONG VUL
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who was the only person to die as a member of the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Biography.com, for which Los Angeles television station did Connie Chung work from 1976-83? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Smithsonian Institution, what newspaper was founded by Horace Greeley? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a volume of poetry by Edgar Guest (according to the American Academy of Poets):
THERMO
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Chemical Heritage Foundation, what are the three chemical elements that were first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, in what year did Salvatore Quasimodo have his first three poems published?

3. According to National Public Radio, what was Daniel Schorr's full-time assignment with CBS in 1972?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1936 work by H.P. Lovecraft (according to Author's Calendar):
TORCH LEANS
 
 

Jöns Jakob Berzelius
Born on This Date 1779

[Centers for Disease Control]

Chemistry

Benjamin Harrison
Born on This Date 1833

[CNN]

The American Presidency

Eliel Saarinen
Born on This Date in 1873

University of Illinois

Architecture

Sue Alexander
Born on This Date 1933

[Children's Book Council]

Primary Children's Author

Connie Chung
Born on This Date 1946

[Christian Science Monitor]

Broadast Journalist
 
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National Radio Day
(Commemoration of the first commercial radio broadcast: 08/20/1920)
Radio
Hungary: National Day/St. Stephen's Day
(Celebration of the traditional creation of the Hungarian state in 1,000 A.D.)
Hungary U.S. Department of State
Morocco: Revolution of the King and the People
(Commemoration of the anniversary of the Revolution of the King: 08/20/1953)
Morocco U.S. Department of State
Calendar
1921 Belinda Hurmence (Oklahoma-born Children's Author) Oklahoma Authors Young-Adult Authors African-American History
1933 Sue Alexander (Arizona-born Children's Author) Sue Alexander Primary Authors
1591 Robert Herrick (English Poet) Robert Herrick Poetry
1881 Edgar Guest (English-American Poetry) Edgar Guest Poetry
1890 H.P. Lovecraft (Rhode Island-born Gothic Horror Author) H.P. Lovecraft
1901 Salvatore Quasimodo (Italian Poet, Critic, Translator; 1959 Nobel Laureate in Literature) Salvatore Quasimodo Poetry 1959 Nobel Laureate in Literature
1918 Jacqueline Susann (Pennsylvania-born Novelist) Jacqueline Susann
1919 Walter Bernstein (New York City-born Screenwriter) Walter Bernstein McCarthyism Film Television
1946 Connie Chung (Washington, D.C.-born Asian-American Broadcast Journalist) Connie Chung Journalism Television Asian-American Heritage
1948 Heather McHugh (California-born Poet) California Authors Poetry Academy of American Poets Writer's Almanac
1561 Jacopo Peri (Italian Composer) Jacopo Peri Classical Composers
1873 Eliel Saarinen (Finnish Architect) Eliel Saarinen Architecture
1910 Eero Saarinen (Finnish-American Architect) Eero Saarinen Architecture
1745 Francis Asbury (English-born Bishop of the American Methodist Episcopal Church) Francis Asbury Theologians and Religious Leaders
1886 Paul Tillich (German Philosopher, Theologian) Paul Tillich Philosophy Theologians and Religious Leaders
1779 Jöns Jakob Berzelius (Swedish Chemist) Jöns Jakob Berzelius Chemistry Chemical Elements
1908 Kingsley Davis (Texas-born Sociologist, Demographer Who Coined the Terms, Zero Population Growth and Population Explosion) Texas Scientists & Mathematicians Demography
Valentin Glushko (Soviet Rocket Scientist) Valentin Glushko Space Exploration
1913 Roger W. Sperry (Connecticut-born Physicist; 1981 Nobel Laureate for Medicine & Physiology) Roger W. Sperry The Brain 1981 Nobel Laureate: Medicine & Physiology
1833 Benjamin Harrison (Ohio-born 23rd President of the United States) Ohio Political Leaders Benjamin Harrison The American Presidency
1834 Francis R. T. Nicholls (Governor of Louisiana: 1877-1880, 1888-1892) Louisiana Political & Social Leaders
1933 George Mitchell (Maine-born U.S. Congressman, Statesman) George Mitchell U.S. Congress
1941 William H. Gray III (Louisiana-born African-American U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania) William H. Gray III Pennsylvania Political Leaders U.S. Congress Famous African Americans
1905 Jack Teagarden (Texas-born Jazz Trombonist) Jack Teagarden Jazz
1948 Robert Plant (English Rock Vocalist; Led Zeppelin) Robert Plant Popular Musicians
1954 Al Roker (New York City-born African-American Broadcast Journalist) Al Roker Television African-American Performing Artists
1956 Joan Allen (Illinois-born Tony-Award Winning Actress) Joan Allen American Performing Artists Film Tony Awards
1906 Henry "Bunny" Austin (English Member of the International Tennis hall of Fame) English Sports Figures International Tennis Hall of Fame
1920 Al López (Florida-born Hispanic Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Al López Baseball Hall of Fame Hispanic Sports Figures
1931 Don King (Ohio-born African-American Boxing Promoter) Don King Boxing Famous African Americans
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1153 St. Bernard (French-born Catholic Saint) St. Bernard Catholic Saints
1804 Sergeant Charles Floyd (Kentucky-born Member of Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery) Charles Floyd Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery
1940 Leon Trotsky (Ukrainian Leader of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution) Leon Trotsky Soviet Political & Social Leaders
1965 Jonathan Daniels (New Hampshire-born Seminary Student & Civil Rights Worker Shot and Killed in Lowndes County, Alabama Lowndes County, Alabama New Hampshire Civil Rights/Human Rights Alabama State Archives
2008 Stephanie Tubbs Jones (First African-American U.S. Congresswoman from Ohio) Ohio Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
Gene Upshaw (Texas-born African-American Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame; Executive Director of the NFL Players Association) Texas Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame National Football League Labor Unions African-American Sports Figures National Football League Players Association
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1619 The First Africans in Virginia to Arrive in Jamestown on a Dutch Ship and Are Traded for Supplies Jamestown, Virginia Colonial Virginia Slavery Historic Firsts Arfian-American Heritage Virginia Historical Society
1794 "Mad" Anthony Wayne's Victory at Fallen Timbers Forces British to Surrender Outposts in the Northwest Territory Great Britain Battle of Fallen Timbers Anthony Wayne Treaty of Greenville Native-American Studies History Channel State of Michigan Wisconsin Historical Society
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis Is in Pittsburgh Awaiting Completion of His Keelboat for an Aug 31 Launch
Pennsylvania Lewis & Clark Map: 07/15/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition
Keelboats National Park Service
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Sergeant Floyd much weaker and no better. Floyd died with a great deal of Composure, before his death he said to me, " I am going away" I want you to write me a letter. We buried him on the top of the bluff with Honors of War.
Sergeant Floyd Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Expedition History Channel Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Death The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a violent hard rain about day light this morning. all wet except myself and the indians.

we embarked a little after Sun rise wind moderate and ahead. we proceeded on at meridn. passed the enterance of Cannonball river imediately above is the remains of a large Sieoux encampment which appears to have been made this Spring. at 3 P M passed the enterance of Wardepon River Saw great number of wolves on the bank Some Buffalow & Elk, tho' not so abundant as near the River Rochejhone. passed the place where we left the last encampment of Ricaras in the fall 1804 and encamped on a Sandbar from the N. E. Side, having made 81 miles only,

the wind blew hard all day which caused the waves to rise high and flack over into the Small Canoes in Such a manner as to employ one hand in throwing the water out.

The plains begin to Change their appearance the grass is turning of a yellow colour. I observe a great alteration in the Corrent course and appearance of this pt. of the Missouri. in places where there was Sand bars in the fall 1804 at this time the main Current passes, and where the current then passed is now a Sand bar— Sand bars which were then naked are now covered with willow Several feet high. the enteranc of Some of the Rivers & Creeks Changed owing to the mud thrown into them, and a layor of mud over Some of the bottoms of 8 inches thick.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Campbell County, South Dakota Native Americans

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1855 Camp Lancaster Is Established in Texas Texas Forts Fort Lancaster Texas State Historical Association
1856 Whig and American Party Members Form the New Republican Party of Oregon with Expressed Opposition to Slavery Oregon Republican Party of Oregon Slavery SalemOregon.com
1862 Horace Greeley Publishes Editorial Calling for Emancipation of All Slaves Horace Greeley Slavery Journalism Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation History Channel
1863 In Florida, Union Bark Restless Captures the Confederate Schooner Ernti with 135 Bales of Cotton Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
Union Troops Attack Two Confederate Signal Stations on Florida's St. Johns River, Capturing One Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 The First Edition of the Union, Predecessor of the Florida Times-Union, Is Published as a "War News" Sheet Florida Media American Civil War Journalism Historic Firsts Times Union Florida Historical Society
1865 In Sussex County, Delaware, an African-American Man Is Sold into 7-years of Servitude for $64 Sussex, Delaware Slavery Consumer Economics African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1866 National Labor Union Calls on Congress for Eight-hour Work Day U.S. Congress Labor Standards Library of Congress
President Johnson's Proclamation of Peace Ends the Civil War in Texas Civil War in Texas Andrew Johnson American Civil War Texas State Historical Association
1872 Susan Dimock Becomes Resident Physician at New England Hospital for Women and Children Masachusetts Medicine Women Child Health Care Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1882 Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" Is Premiered During an Art and Industrial Exhibition in Moscow Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky Composers American Public Media
1886 Indianola, Texas Suffers Through Second Day of a Two-day Hurricane Texas Hurricanes Texas State Historical Association
1889 Florida's Quincy State Bank Is Chartered Quincy, Florida Economics Florida Secretary of State Florida Historical Society
1892 In St. Paul, Minnesota, a Five-Story Building Housing 12 Stores and 25 Families Collapses into a Landfill St. Paul, Minnesota MInnesota Historical Society
1900 A Gift from the Grave by Edith Wharton Is Published by John Murray, London Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1904 In Minnesota, a Tornado with 110-mph Winds Blows down St. Paul's High Bridge and Kills Fourteen People St. Paul, Minnesota Tornados Death MInnesota Historical Society
1905 Sun Yat-sen Organizes the Society of Chinese Revolutionary Alliance in Tokyo Sun Yat-sen  Japan Asian History
1909 Playwrights Bernard Shaw and Thomas Hardy Appear Before a London Commons Committee Seeking Freedom from Stage Censorship London, England British Authors Plays Law Theatre History
1914 German Forces Occupy Brussels, Belgium World War I Belgium Germany New York Times
1920 The Detroit News Completes the Installation of a Radio Transmitter for Commercial Radio Broadcast (WWJ) Detroit Media The Detroit News Radio History of Technology Historic Firsts WWJ Early Radio History
The Superior City, a Steel Freighter, Collides with and Sinks the Steamer, Willis L. King, Killing at Least 298 People Superior City, Wisconsin Naval History Death Wisconsin Historical Society
Georgia's Governor Hugh Dorsey Signs an Act Creating the State's Department of Archives and History Georgia Government Georgia Department of Archives and History University of Georgia
1923 State of Georgia Makes an Understanding of the Essentials of the U.S. and Georgia Constitutions a Requirement for Public School Graduation Georgia Education Education U.S. Constitution University of Georgia
1925 On Site in West Virginia, Actress Gloria Swanson Has Dinner with State Governor Howard Gore West Virginia Political and Social Leaders American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database West Virginia State Archives
1928 A Tornado Strikes Austin, Minnesota Killing Five Austin, Minnesota Tornados Death MInnesota Historical Society
1929 The BBC Airs Its First Experimental Television Broadcast Great Britain Television History of Technology BBC
1930 Philo Farnsworth Patents a Television Philo T. Farnsworth Television History of Technology Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1937 Dixie Bibb Graves Takes Her Seat in the U.S. Senate to Become Alabama's First Female Senator Alabama Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate American Women in Politics Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1938 In Wisconsin, a Wind Storm Nearly Removes the Entire Third Story of the Janesville Canning Plant Janesville, Wisconsin Wind Wisconsin Historical Society
1940 Stalin Secret Agent Assassinates Leon Trotsky in Mexico City Mexico Soviet Union Leon Trotsky Joseph Stalin History Channel
Referring to Britain's RAF Pilots, Winston Churchill Says "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few." British Military Figures Winston Churchill Aviation Military History World War II Historic UK
1942 Glenn T. Seaborg and Colleagues Isolate the First Visible Amounts of Plutonium at the University of Chicago University of Chicago Glenn T. Seaborg Plutonium Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1946 U.S. Army Chronograph Clocks a Bob Feller Fastball at 98.6 mph Iowa Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame USA Today
The First Regional Suburban Shopping Center in the Pacific Northwest Opens in Bellevue, Washington Bellevue, Washington Business & Economics Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1949 Republic of Hungary Adopts Its Constitution Hungary U.S. Department of State
1953 Soviet Union Publicly Acknowledges Testing a Hydrogen Bomb Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons The Cold War New York Times
The Northern Commercial Company Displays the First Televisions to arrive in Fairbanks, Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Television Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
French Colonial Authorities Exile Moroccan King Mohammed V and Royal Family Morocco France Jewish Virtual Library
1955 Anti-French Riots in Morocco & Algiers Leave Hundreds Dead France Morocco Algeria Death New York Times
1956 Republican National Convention Begins at the Cow Palace, San Francisco San Francisco Republican National Party TIME
1960 Soviets Are the First to Send Dogs into Space and Return Them Alive Russian Space Program Space Exploration Dogs Historic Firsts Technology and Society
Mali Federation Breaks into Senegal and Republic of Mali Senegal Republic of Mali African History USAID
1964 President Johnson Signs a Nearly $1B Anti-Poverty Measure President Lyndon Johnson Business & Economics New York Times
1965 White New Hampshire Seminary Student & Civil Rights Worker, Jonathan Daniels, Is Shot and Killed in Lowndes County, Alabama Lowndes County, Alabama New Hampshire Civil Rights/Human Rights Death Alabama State Archives
Hollywood Studio System Ends with Sandra Dee's Contract Film Business & Economics History Channel
1968 650,000 Warsaw Pact Troops Crush Czechoslovakian Protests Soviet Union Czech Republic Slovakia European History Cold War History Channel New York Times
1971 FBI Begins Investigation of Daniel Schorr for Criticizing Vietnam War Daniel Schorr Vietnam War Journalism First Amendment of the Constitution Federal Bureau of Investigation
12-year-old Californian, Matt Throne, Is the Youngest to Bowl a Sanctioned 300 Game California Sports Figures Bowling USA Today
1975 NASA Launches Viking 1 for a Mars Landing Space Exploration Mars History Channel NASA
1977 NASA Launches Voyager 2 Satellite to Probe the Solar System and Deep Space Carrying Messages from Earth Space Exploration Solar System Writer's Almanac Technology and Society NASA
1980 United Nations Resolution 478 Condemns Israel for Claiming All of Jerusalem as Its Capital Israel United Nations (pdf)
Reinhold Messner Completes First Successful Solo Ascent of Mount Everest Reinhold Messner Mount Everest Historic Firsts Mount Everest Facts
1983 The South African Anti-Apartheid Movement United Democratic Front (UDF) Is Initiated in Cape Town South Africa Apartheid South African History
1985 Original Xerox 914 Copier Is Donated to the Smithsonian Institution Inventors & Inventions History of Technology Smithsonian Institution
1988 Iran Accepts U.N. Resolution 598 Ending 8-Year War with Iraq United Nations Iran Iraq War Iran Chamber Society
6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 721 People in the Nepal-India Border Region Nepal India Earthquake Death USGS
1989 6.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2 People in Ethiopia Ethiopia Earthquake Death USGS
1994 Real Change Social Advocacy Newspaper Begins Publication in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Journalism Real Change HistoryLink
1995 Two Trains Collide and Explode in Worst Railroad Accident in India's History: 358 People Die India Railroads Death History Channel
1996 Clinton Administration Boosts Minimum Wage $.90 to $5.15/hr. Bill Clinton The American Presidency Business & Economics Labor History Channel
1998 Canadian Supreme Court Finds No Legal Basis for Quebec Secession Canada Law Government of Canada
U.S. Missiles Strike Afghanistan and Sudan Terrorist Camps Afghanistan Sudan War on Terrorism CNN
2000
2000 Tiger Woods Wins the PGA for His Third Consecutive Major Championship Tiger Woods Golf African-American Sports Figures The PGA New York Times