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August 23

 
 

United Nations
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What organization is the sponsor for the International Day for Remembrance of Slave Trade & Its Abolition? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what state was Ernie Bushmiller born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Writer's Almanac, what was the original name of Ernie Bushmiller's comic strip "Nancy"? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, writer or poet born on this date:
ROBIN WRITER
INTERMEDIATE

1. What event occurred on this date in 1939, and is still commemorated in Lithuania as Black Ribbon Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In which country was artist Dick Bruna born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Office of the Surgeon General, during what years was Antonio Novello in private practice in pediatrics in Springfield, VA? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell a the name of a periodical in which Jose Antonio Burciago was published (according to the Hispanic Heritage Awards Foundation):
ONLY HAM TEXTS
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation who were the two people with whom Robert Curl shared the 1996 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

2. According to Office of the Surgeon General, in which city in Puerto Rico was Antonia Novello born?

3. What television milestone occurred in the same year that Germany and Russia signed a non-aggression pact?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 1920 work by Edgar Lee Masters (according to the Authors' Calendar):
BAKE SOD MOODY
 
 

Edgar Lee Masters
Born on This Date 1869

[Northern Illinois University]
Poet

Ernie Bushmiller
Born on This Date 1905

[Gil Christ Studios]
Cartoonist

Dick Bruna
Born on This Date in 1927

[Official Web Site]
Primary Children's Author

Robert F. Curl
Born on This Date 1933

[Nobel Foundation]
Carbon 1996 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Antonia Novello
Born on This Date 1944

[Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute]
Stateswoman
 
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United Nations: International Day for Remembrance of Slave Trade & Its Abolition (Commemorates uprising that helped lead to the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade: 08/23/1791) Slavery United Nations
Lithuania: Black Ribbon Day
(Commemorates the German-Russian non aggression pact of 08/23/1939 which led to the invasion of Lithuania)
Lithuania Yale University
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1927 Melvin H. Berger (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Dick Bruna (Dutch Children's Author, Illustrator) Dick Bruna Primary Children's Authors Artists
1947 John Bianchi (Canadian Children's Author, Illustrator) John Bianchi Primary Children's Authors Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1849 William Ernest Henley (English Poet, Critic and Editor) William Ernest Henley Poetry
1869 Edgar Lee Masters (Kansas-born Poet and Novelist ) Edgar Lee Masters Poetry Who Am I?
1880 Sophie Kerr (Maryland-born Novelist and Short Story Writer) Sophie Kerr
1884 Will Cuppy (Indiana-born Author, Humorist) Indiana Authors & Illustrators
1903 Minangkabau Muhammad Yamin (Indonesian Poet, Playwright) Indonesian Authors & Illustrators Poetry Playwright
1911 J.V. Cunningham (Maryland-born Poet) J.V. Cunningham Poetry
1922 Nazik al-Mala'ika (Iraqi Poet) Nazik al-Mala'ika Poetry
1935 Norbert Blei (Chicago-born Author) Norbert Blei
1940 Jose Antonio Burciaga (Texas-born Hispanic Author) Jose Antonio Burciaga Latin-American Studies
1946 Robert Irwin (English Author) Robert Irwin
1947 Willy Russell (English Author) Willy Russell
1957 Melanie Rae Thon (Montana Author) Melanie Rae Thon
1871 Jack Butler Yeats (Irish Painter) Irish Artists Artists
1905 Ernie Bushmiller (New York City-born Cartoonist: "Nancy") Ernie Bushmiller Cartoons & Comics
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1905 Constant Lambert (English Composer, Conductor and Critic) English Composers Composers
1769 Georges, Baron Cuvier (French Zoologist and Statesman) French Scientists and Mathematicians Science
1811 Auguste Bravais (French Crystallographer) French Mathematicians and Scientists Crystallography
1852 Arnold Toynbee (English Economist and Social Reformer) English Mathematicians and Scientists Economists
1853 James Shober (North Carolina-born African-American Physician) North Carolina Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine African-American Scientists & Mathematicians African American Registry
1926 Clifford Geertz (San Francisco-born Anthropologist and Writer) San Francisco Scientists & Mathematicians Anthropologists and Archaeologists San Francisco Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1931 Hamilton O. Smith (New York-born 1978 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) New York Mathematicians and Scientists DNA 1978 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1933 Robert F. Curl (Texas-born 1996 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Robert Curl Organic Chemistry Carbon 1996 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1940 Thomas Steitz (Wisconsin-born 2009 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Thomas Steitz Ribosomes 2009 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1524 Francois Hotman (French Jurist and Humanist Scholar) French Political & Social Leaders Law Education
1754 Louis XVI, King of France French Political & Social Leaders
1828 Samuel Williams (Arkansas State Senator, Attorney General, Special Judge of the Supreme Court) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Arkansas History Commission
1944 Antonio Novello (Puerto Rican Surgeon General of the United States) Antonio Novello Health Care United States Government Latin-American Studies
1951 Lisa Najeeb Halaby (Washington, D.C.-born Queen Noor of Jordan) Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders Political and Social Leaders of Jordan Biography.com
Military Leaders
1883 Jonathan Wainwright (Washington-born Military Leader) Washington Military Leaders World War II Biography.com
1912 Gene Kelly (Pennsylvania-born Dancer, Actor, Choreographer and Director: Singin' in the Rain) Gene Kelly Dance Film
1924 Wynona Carr (Ohio-born African-American Gospel, R&B Singer) Ohio Performing Artists Musicians African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1934 Barbara Eden (San Francisco-born Actress: "I Dream of Jeannie") San Francisco Performing Artists Actors Television Biography.com
1949 Shelley Long (Indiana-born Actress: "Cheers") Indiana Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1978 Kobe Bryant (Pennsylvania-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Pennsylvania Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures NBA
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1806 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (French Physicist) Charles-Augustin de Coulomb Physics Electricity
1891 Chester D. Hubbard (Connecticut-born Founding Father of West Virginia) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders West Virginia State Archives
1926 Rudolph Valentino (Italian-born Actor) Rudolph Valentino Actors Film
1927 Nicola Sacco (Italian Immigrant Executed in Boston for Murder Following Landmark Trial) Crime  Sacco and Vanzetti Case Notorious Americans New York Times Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Bartolemeo Vanzetti (Italian Immigrant Executed in Boston for Murder Following Landmark Trial) Crime  Sacco and Vanzetti Case Notorious Americans New York Times Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1960 Oscar Hammerstein II (New York City-born Tony & Academy Award-Winning Lyricist - Member of the Songwriters Hall of Fame) Oscar Hammerstein II American Musicals Tony Awards Academy Awards
1991 Florence Seibert (Pennsylvania-born Biochemist) Florence Seibert Biochemistry Tuberculosis
1997 John Kendrew (English-born 1962 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) John Cowdery Kendrew Protein 1962 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1775 King George III Proclaims American Colonies to be in State of Rebellion American Revolution Britannia
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: We saw several Prarie wolves today. J. Fields Sent out to hunt Came to the Boat and informed that he had killed a Buffalow* in the plain ahead. Cap. Lewis took 12 Men and had the buffalow brought to the boat.

Gass: The river here becomes more straight than we had found it for a great distance below ... We stopped at a prairie on the north side, the largest and handsomest, which I had seen. Captain Clarke [sic] called it Buffaloe prairie.

Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Expedition Nebraska Historical Marker Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Wolves Buffalo Smithsonian The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning I arrose very early and despatched two hunters on horseback with orders to extend their hunt to
a greater distance up the S. E. fork than they had done heretofore, in order if possible to obtain some meet for ourselves as well as the Indians who appeared to depend on us for food and our store of provision is growing too low
to indulge them with much more corn or flour.

I wished to have set out this morning but the cheif requested that I would wait untill another party of his nation
arrived which he expected today, to this I consented from necessity, and therefore sent out the hunters as I have mentioned.

I also laid up the canoes this morning in a pond near the forks; sunk them in the water and weighted them down with stone, after taking out the plugs of the gage holes in their bottoms; hoping by his means to guard against both the effects of high water, and that of the fire which is frequently kindled in these plains by the natives. the Indians have promised to do them no intentional injury and beleive they are too lazy at any rate to give themselves the trouble to raise them from their present situation in order to cut or birn them.

I reminded the chief of the low state of our stores of provision and advised him to send his young men to hunt, which he immediately recommended to them and most of them turned out. I wished to have purchased some more horses
of them but they objected against disposing of any more of them untill we reach their camp beyond the mountains.
the Indians pursued a mule buck near our camp I saw this chase for about 4 miles it was really entertaining, here
were about twelve of them in pursuit of it on horseback, they finally rode it down and killed it. the all came in about 1 P. M. having killed 2 mule deer and three goats. this mule buck was the largest deer of any kind I had ever seen. it was nearly as large as a doe Elk.

I observed that there was but little division or distribution of the meat they had taken among themselves. some families had a large stock and others none. this is not customary among the nations of Indians with whom I have hitherto been acquainted I asked Cameahwait the reason why the hunters did not divide the meat among themselves; he said that meat was so scarce with them that the men who killed it reserved it for themselves and their own families. my hunters arrived about 2 in the evening with two mule deer and three common deer. I
distributed three of the deer among those families who appeared to have nothing to eat.

at three P. M. the expected party of Indians arrived, about 50 men women and Children. I now learnt that most of
them were thus far on their way down the valley towards the buffaloe country, and observed that there was a good
deel of anxiety on the part of some of those who had promised to assist me over the mountains to accompany this party, I felt some uneasiness on this subject but as they still said they would return with me as they had promised I said nothing to them but resolved to set out in the morning as early as possible. I dispatched two hunters this
evening into the cove to hunt and leave the meat they might kill on the rout we shall pass tomorrow.

The metal which we found in possession of these people consited of a few indifferent knives, a few brass kettles some arm bands of iron and brass, a few buttons, woarn as ornaments in their hair, a spear or two of a foot in length and some iron and brass arrow points which they informed me they obtained in exchange for horses from the Crow
or Rocky Mountain Indians on the yellowstone River. the bridlebits and stirrips they obtained from the Spaniards,
tho' these were but few. many of them made use of flint for knives, and with this instrument, skined the animals they killed, dressed their fish and made their arrows; in short they used it for every purpose to which the knife is applyed. this flint is of no regular form, and if they can only obtain a part of it, an inch or two in length that will cut they are satisfyed, they renew the edge by fleaking off the flint by means of the point of an Elk's or deer's horn. with the point of a deer or Elk's horn they also form their arrow points of the flint, with a quickness and neatness that is really astonishing. we found no axes nor hatchets among them; what wood they cut was done either with stone or Elk's horn. the latter they use always to rive or split their wood.

their culinary eutensils exclusive of the brass kettle before mentioned consist of pots in the form of a jar made
either of earth, or of a white soft stone which becomes black and very hard by birning, and is found in the hills near the three forks of the Missouri betwen Madison's and Gallitin's rivers. they have also spoons made of the Buffaloe's horn and those of the Bighorn.

Their bows are made of ceader or pine and have nothing remarkable about them. the back of the bow is covered
with sinues and glue and is about 2˝ feet long. much the shape of those used by the Siouxs Mandans Minnetares &c. their arrows are more slender generally than those used by the nations just mentioned but much the same in construction.

Their Sheild is formed of buffaloe hide, perfectly arrow proof, and is a circle of 2 feet 4 I. or 2 F. 6 I. in diameter. this is frequently painted with varios figures and ornamented around the edges with feather and a fringe of dressed
leather. they sometimes make bows of the Elk's horn and those also of the bighorn. those of the Elk's horn are made of a single peice and covered on the back with glue and sinues like those made of wood, and are frequently ornamented with a stran wrought porcupine quills and sinues raped around them for some distance at both extremities. the bows of the bighorn are formed of small peices laid flat and cemented with gleue, and rolled with sinews, after which, they are also covered on the back with sinews and glew, and highly ornamented as they are much prized. forming the sheild is a cerimony of great importance among them, this implement would in their minds be devested of much of its protecting power were it not inspired with those virtues by their old men and jugglers.

their method of preparing it is thus, an entire skin of a bull buffaloe two years old is first provided; a feast is next prepared and all the warriors old men and jugglers invited to partake. a hole is sunk in the ground about the same in diameter with the intended sheild and about 18 inches deep. a parcel of stones are now made red hot and thrown
into the hole water is next thrown in and the hot stones cause it to emit a very strong hot steem, over this they spread the green skin which must not have been suffered to dry after taken off the beast. the flesh side is laid next to the groround and as many of the workmen as can reach it take hold on it's edges and extend it in every direction. as the skin becomes heated, the hair seperates and is taken of with the fingers, and the skin continues to contract untill the whoe is drawn within the compas designed for the shield, it is then taken off and laid on a parchment hide where they pound it with their heels when barefoot. his operation of pounding continues for several days or as long
as the feast lasts when it is delivered to the propryeter and declared by the jugglers and old men to be a sufficient defence against the arrows of their enimies or even bullets if feast has been a satisfactory one. many of them beleive implisitly that a ball cannot penitrate their sheilds, in consequence of certain supernaural powers with which they have been inspired by their jugglers.

— The Poggamoggon is an instrument with a handle of wood covered with dressed leather about the size of
a whip handle and 22 inches long; a round stone of 2 pounds weight is also covered with leather and strongly united
to the leather of the handle by a throng of 2 inches long; a loop of leather united to the handle passes arond the wrist. a very heavy blow may be given with this instrument.

They have also a kind of armor which they form with many foalds of dressed Atelope's skin, unite with glue and
sand. with this they cover their own bodies and those of their horses. these are sufficient against the effects of the arrow.— the quiver which contains their arrows and implements for making fire is formed of various skins. that of the Otter seems to be prefered. they are but narrow, of a length sufficent to protect the arrow from the weather, and are woarn on the back by means of a strap which passes over the left sholder and under the wright arm.

— their impliments for making fire is nothing more than a blunt arrow and a peice of well seasoned soft spongey
wood such as the willow or cottonwood. the point of this arrow they apply to this dry stick so near one edge of it that the particles of wood which are seperated from it by the friction of the arrow falls down by it's side in a little pile. the arrow is held between the palms of the hand with the fingers extended, and being pressed as much as possible against the peice is briskly rolled between the palms of the hands backwards and forwards by pressing the arrow downwards the hands of course in rolling arrow also decend; they bring them back with a quick motion and repeat the operation till the dust by the friction takes fire; the peice and arrow are then removed and some dry grass or doated wood is added. it astonished me to see in what little time these people would kindle fire in this way. in less than a minute they will produce fire.


Clark: We Set out early proceed on with great dificuelty as the rocks were So Sharp large and unsettled and the hill sides Steep that the horses could with the greatest risque and dificulty get on, no provisions as the 5 Sammons given us yesterday by the Indians were eaten last night, one goose killed this morning; at 4 miles we came to a
place the horses Could not pass without going into the river, we passed one mile to a verry bad riffle the water Confined in a narrow Channel & beeting against the left Shore, as we have no parth further and the Mounts. jut So close as to prevent the possibiley of horses proceeding down, I deturmined to delay the party here and with my guide and three men proceed on down to examine if the river continued bad or was practiable.

I Set out with three men directing those left to hunt and fish until my return. I proceeded on Somtims in a Small wolf parth & at other time Climeing over the rocks for 12 miles to a large Creek on the right Side above the mouth of this Creek for a Short distance is a narrow bottom & the first, below the place I left my partey, a road passes down this Creek which I understoode passed to the water of a River which run to Th North & was the ground of another nation, Some fresh Sign about This Creek of horse and Camps. I delayd 2 hours to fish, Cought Some Small fish on which we dined.

The River from the place I left my party to this Creek is almost one continued rapid, five verry Considerable rapids the passage of either with Canoes is entirely impossable, as the water is Confined betwen hugh Rocks & the
Current beeting from one against another for Some distance below &c. &c. at one of those rapids the mountains Close So Clost as to prevent a possibility of a portage with great labour in Cutting down the Side of the hill
removeing large rocks &c. &c. all the others may be passed by takeing every thing over Slipery rocks, and the Smaller ones Passed by letting down the Canoes empty with Cords, as running them would certainly be productive
of the loss of Some Canoes, those dificuelties and necessary precautions would delay us an emince time in which provisions would be necessary. (we have but little and nothing to be precured in this quarter except Choke Cheres & red haws not an animal of any kind to be seen and only the track of a Bear) below this Creek the lofty Pine is thick in the bottom hill Sides on the mountains & up the runs.

The river has much the resemblance of that above bends Shorter and no passing, after a few miles between the
river & the mountains & the Current So Strong that is dangerous crossing the river, and to proceed down it would rendr it necessarey to Cross almost at every bend This river is about 100 yads wide and can be forded but in a few places. below my guide and maney other Indians tell me that the Mountains Close and is a perpendicular Clift on each Side, and Continues for a great distance and that the water runs with great violence from one rock to the other on each Side foaming & roreing thro rocks in every direction, So as to render the passage of any thing impossible. those rapids which I had Seen he said was Small & trifleing in comparrison to the rocks & rapids below, at no great
distance & The Hills or mountains were not like those I had Seen but like the Side of a tree Streight up

— Those Mountains which I had passed were Steep Contain a white, a brown, & low down a Grey hard stone which would make fire, those Stone were of different Sises all Sharp and are continuly Slipping down, and in maney places one bed of those Stones inclined from the river bottom to the top of the mountains, The Torrents of water which come down aftr a rain carries with it emence numbers of those Stone into the river about ˝ a mile below the last mentioned Creek another Creek falls in, my guide informed me that our rout was up this Creek by which rout we would Save a considerable bend of the river to the South. we proceeded on a well beeten Indian parth up this Creak about 6 miles and passed over a ridge 1 mile to the river in a Small vally through which we passed and assended a Spur of the Mountain from which place my guide Shew me the river for about 20 miles lower & pointed out the dificulty we returned to the last Creek & camped about one hour after dark. There my guide Shewed me a road from the N Which Came into the one I was in which he Said went to a large river which run to the north on which was a Nation he called Tushapass, he made a map of it

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: We Set out very early, the wind rose & became very hard, we passed the Sar-war-kar-na-har river

[present Moreau River in Dewey County, South Dakota]

at 10 A. M and at half past eleven the wind became So high and the water So rough that we were obliged to put to Shore and Continue untill 3 p. M. when we had a Small Shower of rain after which the wind lay, and we proceeded on.

Soon after we landed I Sent Shields & Jo. & Reubin Fields down to the next bottom of timber to hunt untill our arival. we proceeded on Slowly and landed in the bottom. the hunters had killed three Elk and 3 Deer the deer were pore and Elk not fat had them fleece & brought in. the Musqueters large and very troublesom.

at 4 P. M a Cloud from the N W with a violent rain for about half an hour after the rain we again proceeded on.

I observe great quantities of Grapes and Choke Cheries, also a Speces of Currunt which I had never before observed the leas is larger than those above, the Currt. black and very inferior to either the yellow, red, or perple—

at dark we landed on a Small Sand bar under a Bluff on the S W. Side and encamped, this Situation was one which I had Chosen to avoid the Musquetors, they were not very troublesome after we landed. we Came only 40 Miles to daye

My Frend Capt Lewis is recoverig fast the hole in his thy where the Ball passed out is Closed and appears to be nearly well. the one where the ball entered discharges very well—.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Potter County, South Dakota Map: 08/23/1806

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1822 City of Pensacola Is Incorporated by the Territorial Government of Florida Florida Florida Historical Society
1846 Work Begins on Fort Marcy, Located on a Promontory 700 yards North of Santa Fe, New Mexico Santa Fe, New Mexico Forts New Mexico Magazine
1861 Rose O'Neal Greenhow Arrested as a Confederate Spy Rose Greenhow American Civil War History Channel
1862 24 Townspeople Die Holding the City Center in the Second Battle of New Ulm During the U.S.–Dakota War New Ulm, Minnesota Dakota Indians Indian Wars Death Minnesota Historical Society
1863 "Bloody" Bill Anderson Leads Guerilla Raid Killing Men and Boys of Lawrence, Kansas Kansas Bloody Bill Anderson American Civil War Notorious Americans Death History Channel
1864 Union Captures Fort Morgan, Ending the Battle of Mobile Bay and Closing the Bay to Blockade Runners Fort Morgan Forts Naval Military History Battle of Mobile Bay Alabama State Archives
1877 Texas Rangers Arrest John Wesley Hardin in Florida Florida John Wesley Hardin Notorious Americans History Channel
1892 New York African-American Inventor, Oscar Brown, Granted Patent for a Horseshoe New York Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Horses African-American Scientists & Inventors University of Buffalo
1893 Delaware Governor Robert Reynolds Distributes 500 Baskets of Peaches at Chicago's Columbian Exposition Chicago Columbian Exposition Delaware Political and Social Leaders Foods and Nutrition State of Delaware
1899 Interurban Streetcar Service Begins Between the Minnesota Cities of St. Paul and Stillwater Minnesota Transportation Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1900 Booker T. Washington Founds the National Negro Business League Booker T. Washington Business & Economics African-American Business Leaders PBS
1902 Fannie Farmer's School of Cookery Opens Fannie Farmer Foods & Nutrition History Net
1905 Great Northern and North Pacific Railroads Jointly Incorporate the Portland & Seattle Railway Washington Railroads Busines & Economics State of Washington
1910 New York's Hard D. Weed Patents the Snow Tire Chain for Automobiles New York Scientsts & Inventors Automobiles Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks
1911 Fire Destroys the Alaska Steamship Company Warehouse at Cordova Cordova, Alaska Steamboats Fire Safety Alaska Historical Society
1917 Houston, Texas Race Riots Result in Murders, Hangings and Prison Terms 1917 Houston Race Riot Human Rights/Civil Rights Racism World War I Handbook of Texas Online
1927 Nicola Sacco and Bartolemeo Vanzetti Are Executed  Sacco and Vanzetti Case Crime Notorious Americans Death New York Times
1935 Congress Passes the Banking Act of 1935 Revising Operation of the Federal Reserve System U.S. Congress The New Deal Federal Reserve System University of Virginia
1936 17-year-old Bob Feller Makes Major League Debut Striking Out 15 Iowa Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1937 Carl Crane Makes First Fully Automated Landing at Wright-Patterson AFB Ohio Aviation History Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1939 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union Sign Non-aggression Pact Nazi Germany The Soviet Union Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact Yale University
1943 LIFE Magazine Features the Lindy Hop on Its Cover Dance Life Magazine with the Lindy hop
1944 Romania's King Mihai I Orders the Arrest of Military Dictator Ion Antonescu Romania World War II Nationmaster
1947 9 Climbers Ascend Oregon's Mt. Hood, Assemble a Bicycle, Ride It on the Summit, Disassemble the Bike and Descend Oregon Mount Hood Climbing Bicycling SalemOregon.com
President Harry Truman's Daughter, Margaret, Gives Her First Public Concert at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles Hollywood Bowl President Harry Truman Musicians LearnCalifornia
1957 Monterrey, Mexico Is First Non-American Team to Win Baseball's Little League World Series Mexico Baseball Little League World Series Hispanic Heritage USA Today
1961 Atlanta City Tennis Courts Are Closed to Prevent Use by Four African Americans Georgia Human Rights/Civil Rights Tennis African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1962 First Live Television Satellite Broadcast Between U.S. & Europe European History Television History of Technology Historic Firsts
1964 Igor Stravinsky's: "Abraham and Isaac" Is Premiered in Jerusalem by the Israel Festival Orchestra Jerusalem Igor Stravinsky Composers Historical Firsts American Public Media
1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 Takes the First Photograph of the Earth from the Moon Lunar Exploration Photography Historic Firsts NASA
1970 Lightning Ignites Fires in Wenatchee National Forest That Consume 122,000 Acres Washington Fire Safety Wenatchee National Forest State of Washington
1972 Republicans Nominate Vice President Spiro T. Agnew for a Second Term Spiro Agnew 1972 Republican Convention in Miami New York Times
1975 Detroit Lions Play Their First game in the New Pontiac Silverdome Detroit Football The Detroit Lions Michigan Historical Center
1977 Bryan Allen Pedals Gossamer Condor for First Human-Powered Flight of 1+ Miles Gossamer Condor Historic Firsts National Air and Space Museum
Cincinnati Bengal Trademark Registered Patents & Trademarks Football U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
1979 Kurdish Revolt Grows in Iran 1979 Iran Revolution War BBC
Russian Ballet Star Aleksandr Godunov Defects to the United States Russian Performing Artists Ballet The Cold War History Channel
1982 Lebanese Parliament Elects Christian Militia Leader, Bashir Gemayel, President Lebanon CNN
1983 The Louisiana School for Math, Science and Arts Opens in Natchitoches on the Campus of Northwestern State University Louisiana Education Education Math Science Arts Louisiana School for Math, Science and Arts Louisiana Secretary of State
A Record 715-Pound Blue Marlin Is Caught Off Rehoboth, Delaware Rehoboth, Delaware Fishing State of Delaware
1985 West German Spy Chief Defects to East Germany The Cold War BBC
1990 Saddam Hussein's Televised Appearance with Hostages Outrages the West Saddam Hussein Television BBC
1991 Soviet Leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, Has Ministers Arrested for Failed Coup Mikhail Gorbachev 1990 Nobel Peace Laureate The Cold War BBC
1992 Hurricane Andrew Hits the Bahamas with 120 mph Winds The Bahamas Hurricanes Andrew
1997 Zambian Police Shoot and Wound Former President Kenneth Kaunda at Opposition Rally Zambia CNN
Historic Events from 2000 to Present
2000 51 Million Viewers Watch Richard Hatch Win $1 Million Prize on ''Survivor'' Television New York Times
2004 National Underground Railroad Freedom Center Opens in Cincinnati, Ohio Cincinnati, Ohio Human Rights/Civil Rights National Underground Railroad Freedom Center Official Website
2011 U.S. East Coast Shaken by 5.9 Magnitude Earthquake That Cracks the Washington Monument in the District of Columbia Washington D.C. Earthquakes CNN