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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who became the first Asian-American legislators in the United States Congress on this date in 1959? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who became the first woman to fly non-stop across the United States on this date in 1932? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the biography provided at his official website, what did the kids in Dean Hughes' neighborhood use to do at the vacant lot called "the field"? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:

1. Which two nations established diplomatic relations on this date in 1992? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, in what years did Duke Kahanamoku participate in the Olympics? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to The New York Times, what were the top wind speeds associated with Hurricane Andrew on this date in 1992? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Dean Hughes work from his Angel Park Hoop Stars series (according to Utah Authors):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, what was William Wilberforce's great goal?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Albert Claude awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

3. According to the British Council, for what work did A.S. Byatt receive the Booker Prize for Fiction in 1990?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1962 work published in the United States by Jorge Luis Borges (according to the New York Times):
William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce
Born on This Date 1759



Duke Kahanamoku
Duke Kahanamoku
Born on This Date 1890

[Texas Philatelic Association]

Swimming Hall of Fame The Olympic Games

Albert Claude
Born on This Date 1899

[Nobel Foundation]

Cellular Biology1974 Nobel Laureate for Medicine

A.S. Byatt
A.S. Byatt
Born on This Date 1936

[British Council]


Dean Hughes
Dean Hughes
Born on This Date 1943

[Official Website]

Young-adult Authors

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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I killed two elks today. We came across a hill known as the Spirit Mound. Indians believe that short people about 18 inches high live in this mound and kill anyone that comes near them. In a northerley derection from the Mouth of this Creek in an emence Plain a high Hill* is situated, and appears of a Conic form, and by the different nations of Indians in this quarter is Suppose to be the residence of Deavels.
South Dakota Spirit Mound Elk Lewis & Clark Expedition Nebraska Historical Marker Lewis & Clark Map: 08/24/04
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: As the Indians who were on their way down the Missouri had a number of spare hoses with them I thought it probable that I could obtain some of them and therefore desired the Cheif to speak to them and inform me whether they would trade. they gave no positive answer but requested to see the goods which I was willing to give in exchange. I now produced some battle axes which I had made at Fort Mandan with which they were much pleased. knives also seemed a great demand among them. I soon purchased three horses and a mule. for each horse I gave an ax a knife handkercheif and a little paint; & for the mule the addition of a knife a shirt handkercheif and a pair of legings; at this price which was quite double that given for the horses, the fellow who sold him made a merit of having bestoed me
one of his mules. I consider this mule a great acquisition.

These Indians soon told me that they had no more horses for sale and I directed the party to prepare to set out. I
had now nine horses and a mule, and two which I had hired made twelve these I had loaded and the Indian women took the ballance of the baggage. I had given the Interpreter some articles with which to purchase a horse for the woman which he had obtained.

at twelve Oclock we set out and passed the river below the forks, directing our rout towards the cove along the track formerly mentioned. most of the horses were heavily laden, and it appears to me that it will require at least 25 horses to convey our baggage along such roads as I expect we shall be obliged to pass in the mountains. I had now the inexpressible satisfaction to find myself once more under way with all my baggage and party. an Indian had the politeness to offer me one of his horses to ride which I accepted with cheerfullness as it enabled me to attend better to the march of the party.

I had reached the lower part
of the cove when an Indian rode up and informed me that one of my men was very sick and unable to come on. I directed the party to halt at a small run which falls into the creek on Lard. at the lower part of the Cove and rode back about 2 Miles where I found Wiser very ill with a fit of the cholic. I sent Sergt. Ordway who had remained with him for some water and gave him a doze of the essence of Peppermint and laudinum which in the course of half an hour so
far recovered him that he was enabled to ride my horse and I proceeded on foot and rejoined the party.

[The essential oil of peppermint was used as a digestive stimulant and as a carminative, that is, to expel gas from the alimentary canal. Laudanum is a tincture of opium.]

the sun was yet an hour high but the Indians who had for some time impatiently waited my return at length unloaded and turned out their horses and my party had followed there example. as it was so late and the Indians had prepared their camp for the night I thought it best to acquiess and determined also to remain. we had traveled only about six miles. after we encamped we had a slight shower of rain.

Goodrich who is our principal fisherman caught several fine trout. Drewyer came to us late in the evening and had not killed anything. I gave the Indians who were absolutely engaged in transporting the baggage, a little corn as they had nothing to eat. I told Cameahwait that my stock of provision was too small to indulge all his people with provision and recommended it to him to advise such as were not assisting us with our baggage to go on to their camp to morrow
and wait our arrival; which he did accordingly.

Cameahwait literally translated is one who never walks. he told me that his nation had also given him another name
by which he was signalized as a warrior which was Too-et'-te-con'-e or black gun. these people have many names in the course of their lives, particularly if they become distinguished characters. for it seems that every important event by which they happen to distinguish themselves intitles them to claim another name which is generally scelected by themselves and confirmed by the nation. those distinguishing acts are the killing and scalping an enemy, the killing a white bear, leading a party to war who happen to be successfull either in destroying their enemies or robing them of their horses, or individually stealing the horses of an enemy. these are considered acts of equal heroism among them, and that of killing an enemy without scalping him is considered of no importance; in fact the whole honour seems to
be founded in the act of scalping, for if a man happens to slay a dozen of his enemies in action and others get the scalps or first lay their hand on the dead person the honor is lost to him who killed them and devolves on those who scalp or first touch them.

Among the Shoshones, as well as all the Indians of America, bravery is esteemed the primary virtue; nor can any one become eminent among them who has not at some period of his life given proofs of his possessing this virtue. with them there can be no preferment without some warelike achievement, and so completely interwoven is this principle with the earliest Elements of thought that it will in my opinion prove a serious obstruction to the restoration of a
general peace among the nations of the Missouri.

while at Fort Mandan I was one day addressing some cheifs of the Minetares wo visited us and pointing out to them
the advantages of a state of peace with their neighbours over that of war in which they were engaged. the Chiefs who had already geathered their havest of larals, and having forceably felt in many instances some of those inconveniences attending a state of war which I pointed out, readily agreed with me in opinion. a young fellow under
the full impression of the Idea I have just suggested asked me if they were in a state of peace with all their neighbours what the nation would do for Cheifs?, and added that the cheifs were now oald and must shortly die and that the nation could not exist without cheifs. taking as granted that there could be no other mode devised for
making Cheifs but that which custom had established through the medium of warlike acievements.

The few guns which the Shoshones have are reserved for war almost exclusively and the bow and arrows are used in hunting. I have seen a few skins among these people which have almost every appearance of the common sheep.
they inform me that they finde this animal on the high mountains to the West and S. W. of them. it is about the size
of the common sheep, the wool is reather shorter and more intermixed with long hairs particularly on the upper part of the neck. these skins have been so much woarn that I could not form a just Idea of the animal or it's colour. the Indians however inform me that it is white and that it's horns are lunated comprest twisted and bent backward as
those of the common sheep. the texture of the skin appears to be that of the sheep. I am now perfectly convinced
that the sheep as well as the Bighorn exist in these mountains.

The usual caparison of the Shoshones horses is a halter and sadle. the 1st consists either of a round plated or
twisted cord of six or seven strands of buffaloe's hair, or a throng of raw hide made pliant by pounding and rubing. these cords of bufaloe's hair are about the size of a man's finger and remarkably strong. this is the kind of halter which is prefered by them. the halter of whatever it may be composed is always of great length and is never taken from the neck of the horse which they commonly use at any time. it is first attatched at one end about the neck of
the horse with a knot that will not slip, it is then brought down to his under jaw and being passed through the mouth imbaces the under jaw and tonge in a simple noose formed by crossing the rope inderneath the jaw of the horse. this when mounted he draws up on the near side of the horse's neck and holds in the left hand, suffering it to trail at a great distance behind him sometimes the halter is attatched so far from the end that while the shorter end serves
him to govern his horse, the other trails on the grond as before mentioned. they put their horses to their full speed
with those cords trailing on the ground.

when they turn out the horse to graze the noose is mearly loosed from his mouth. the saddle is made of wood and covered with raw hide which holds the parts very firmly together. it is made like the pack saddles in uce among the French and Spaniards. it consists of two flat thin boards which fit the sides of the horses back, and are held frirm by two peices which are united to them behind and before on the outer side and which rise to a considerable hight terminating sometimes in flat horizontal points extending outwards, and alwas in an accute angle or short bend underneath the upper part of these peices. a peice of buffaloe's skin with the hair on, is usually put underneath the saddle; and very seldom any covering on the saddle.

stirrups when used are made of wood and covered with leather. these are generally used by the elderly men and women; the young men scarcely ever use anything more than a small pad of dressed leather stuffed with hair, which
is confined with a leather thong passing arond the body of the horse in the manner of a girth. they frequently paint
their favorite horses, and cut their ears in various shapes. they also decorate their mains and tails, which they never draw or trim, with the feathers of birds, and sometimes suspend at the breast of the horse the finest ornaments they possess. the Spanish bridle is prefered by them when they can obtain them, but they never dispence with the cord about the neck of the horse, which serves them to take him with more ease when he is runing at large.

They are excellent horsemen and extreemly expert in casting the cord about the neck of a horse. the horses that
have been habituated to be taken with the cord in this way, however wild they may appear at first, surrender the moment they feel the cord about their necks.— There are no horses in this quarter which can with propriety be
termed wild. there are some few which have been left by the indians at large for so great a length of time that they have become shye, but they all shew marks of having been in possession of man. such is that one which
Capt. Clark saw just below the three forks of the Missouri, and one other which I saw on the Missouri below the entrance of the Mussle shell river.—

Clark: Set out verry early this morning on my return passed down the Creek at the mouth marked my name on a pine Tree, proceed on to the bottom above the Creek & Brackfast on buries & delayed 1 hour, then proceed on up the
river by the Same rout we decended to the place I left my party where we arrived at 4 oClock, (I Sliped & bruised my leg verry much on a rock) the party had killed Several phesents and Cought a fiew Small fish on which they had Subsisted in my absence. also a heath hen, near the Size of a Small turkey.

I wrote a letter to Capt. Lewis informing him of the prospects before us and information recved of my guide which I thought favourable &c. & Stating two plans one of which for us to pursue &c. and despatched one man & horse and directed the party to get ready to march back, every man appeared disheartened from the prospects of the river, and nothing to eate,

I Set out late and Camped 2 miles above, nothing to eate but Choke Cherries & red haws which act indifferent ways So as to make us Sick, dew verry heavy, my beding wet in passing around a rock the horses were obliged to go
deep into the water.

The plan I stated to Capt. Lewis if he agrees with me we shall adopt is to procure as many horses (one for each man) if possible and to hire my present guide who I sent on to him to interegate thro' the Intprtr. and proceed on by land to Some navagable part of the Columbia River, or to the Ocean, depending on what provisions we can procure by the gun aded to the Small Stock we have on hand depending on our horses as the last resort.

a second plan to divide the party one part to attempt this deficuet river with what provisions we had, and the remaindr to pass by Land on hose back Depending on our gun &c for Provisions &c. and come together occasionally on the river.

Medison rivr the 1s of which I would be most pleased with &c.

I saw Several trees which would make Small Canoes and by putting 2 together would make a Siseable one, all below the last Indian Camp Several miles

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fair morning we Set out as usial about Sunrise and proceeded on untill 2 P M when the wind blew So hard from the N. W. that we could not proceed came too on the S W. Side where we continued untill 5 P. M. when the wind lay a little and we again proceeded on.

at 8 a M. we passed La-hoo-catts Island,

[Dolphees Island between Dewey and Potter counties, South Dakota]

opposit the lower point of this Island on the S. W. Side near the top of the Bluff I observed a Stratea of White stone I landed and examined it found it to be a Soft White Stone containing very fine grit, when expd. to the Sun and become Dry this Stone will Crumble the Clay of this bluff to the above and below is remarkably Black.

at half past 9 a. m. passed Good hope Island and at 11 a. m passed Caution Island a Short distance below this Island we came too.

Sent out a hunter he Saw Several deer they were very wild and he returned without haveing killed any, the deer on this pt. of the Missouri is mostly the Mule or black tail Species.

we Saw only 6 buffalow to day the Sieoux have been laterly encamped on the river and have Secured the most of the game opp. a large trail has passed on a derection to the enterance of the Chyenne this probably is the trail of a war party.

at 5 P. M. we proceeded on a fiew miles and Encampd. on the gouge of the lookout bend of 20 miles around and ¾ through, a little above an old tradeing house and 4 miles above of our outward bound encampment of the 1st of October 1804, haveing made 43 miles to day.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Dewey County, South Dakota Map: 08/24/1806

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1814 British Forces Invade Washington, D.C., Set Fire to Capitol and White House Great Britain The White House War of 1812 The Library of Congress
1819 U.S. Troops Arrive at the Confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers to Build Fort St. Anthony (Snelling) Minnesota Forts Fort Snelling Minnesota Historical Society
1821 The Treaty of Cordoba Establishes Mexican Independence from Spain Mexico History & Culture Spain History & Culture Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association New Mexico Magazine
1827 The Mechanics Gazette, America's First Labor Newspaper, Is Published Labor Journalism Historic Firsts The History Channel
1834 Cholera Epidemic Hits Detroit Detroit Cholera Michigan History Online
1847 Liberia's New Flag Is Flown for the First Time Liberia Flagspot
1852 West Virginia's Rufus Maxwell Is Issued a Patent for His Improvement in Churns West Virginia Scientsts & Inventors American Scientists & Inventors Farming & Agriculture Patents and Trademarks West Virginia State Archives
1854 Black Abolitionists Begin Three-day Convention in Cleveland, OH Ohio Abolition African-American History University of Virginia
John V. DeGrasse Is the First African American Member of the Massachusetts Medical Society Massachusetts Medicine African-American Scientists and Mathematicians Historic Firsts Massachusetts Historical Society
1857 Failure of Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company Triggers Economic Panic Financial Panic of 1857 Library of Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1865 Former Confederate General Robert E. Lee Accepts Offer to Become President of Washington (and Lee) College Virginia Education Robert E. Lee Education Washington and Lee Virginia Historical Association
1869 The Great Eastern and Royal European Circus Is the First Circus to Visit Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington The Circus Historic Firsts HistoryLink
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1871 Mexican Government Decrees All Foreigners Must Be Registered Mexico Mexico Connect
1873 William Henry Jackson Photographs Colorado's Mount of the Holy Cross William Henry Jackson Colorado Photography The History Channel
1875 England's Matthew Webb Is First swimmer to Cross the English Channel (21h 45m) British Sports Figures Swimming Historic Firsts The New York Times
1878 Farmers from California's Sacramento Valley Protest Debris Dumped into Rivers and Streams by Mining Operations California Farming and Agriculture Rivers Earth and Environmental Science LearnCalifornia
1882 Flood Washes Away Town of Ben Ficklin, the County Seat of Tom Green County, TX Texas Floods University of Texas
1883 PPG Industries Is Incorporated PPG Economics & Business Chemistry Lemoyne College
1891 95 Acres Is Purchased Near Dover, Delaware for the Delaware College for Colored Students (Delaware State University) Dover, Delaware Education African-American Heritage Delaware State University State of Delaware
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1902 Florida Female College Announces Establishment of a Kindergarten Training Department Florida Early Childhood Education Education Florida State Historical Society
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1909 Workers Pour the First Concrete for the Panamá Canal at the Gatun Locks Panama Canal BBC
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1932 Amelia Earhart First Woman to Fly Nonstop Across U.S. (LA-Newark, 19 hrs) Amelia Earhart Aviation History Historic Firsts The New York Times
1938 Clark Gable Reluctantly Signs to Play Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind Clark Gable Gone with the Wind History Channel
1940 Ted Williams Makes His Only Big League Appearance as a Pitcher Ted Williams Baseball Hall of Fame USA Today
1943 Leonard Bernstein Premieres His Song-Cycle "I Hate Music!" at the Public Library in Lenox, Massachusetts Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1949 Texan Tom C. Clark Sworn In As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court Texas Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
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1950 Edith Sampson First African American Appointed to United Nations Delegation The United Nations Edith Sampson Truman Library African-American History Historic Firsts Truman Library
1951 The First Segment of Massachusetts Route 128 Is Opened Massachusetts Automotives Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1954 Congress Passes Communist Control Act U.S. Congress Soviet Union McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
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1959 Hawaii's Hiram L. Fong and Daniel K. Inouye First Asian-American Congressmen Hawaiin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Asian-American Heritage Historic Firsts The New York Times
1963 John Pennel of Northeast Louisiana State College Is First to Pole Vault 17' Outdoors Louisiana Sports Figures Track and Field Historic Firsts The New York Times
1968 Hydrogen Bomb Explosion Makes France the World's Fifth Nuclear Power France Nuclear Weapons The Cold War CNN
1970 Anti-war Extremists' Bomb Kills University of Wisconsin's Army Researcher Wisconsin Vietnam War Terrorism Death Wisconsin Historical Society
1981 Mark David Chapman Sentenced to New York Prison for Murder of John Lennon John Lennon New York The Beatles Law & Legal Resources Crime The New York Times
The Salvation Army Resigns Its Membership in the World Council of Churches Salvation Army World Council of Churches Religion Concordia Historical Institute
1987 U.S. Sergeant Clayton Lonetree Sent to Prison for Being a Soviet Spy Soviet Union Cold War Law & Legal Resources Crime Loyola University
1989 Commissioner Bart Giamatti Bans Pete Rose from Baseball for Gambling Baseball Crime The New York Times
1990 Iraqi Troops Cut Off Electricity and Water for Western Embassies In Kuwait City Iraq Kuwait Gulf War Northfield Mount Hermon School
Irish Hostage Released after Four Years of Captivity in Lebanon Ireland Lebanon Terrorism BBC
1991 Ukraine Parliament Declares Independence from the Soviet Union Ukraine Independence Soviet Union The Ukrainian Weekly
Mikhail Gorbachev Resigns as General Secretary of Soviet Communist Party Mikhail Gorbachev The Soviet Union The Cold War The Ukrainian Weekly
1992 Hurricane Andrew Causes Record Damage: 55 Die in FL, LA, Bahamas The Bahamas Florida Louisiana Hurricane Andrew
China and South Korea Establish Diplomatic Relations China Korea World History People's Daily
1995 Human Rights Activist Harry Wu Expelled by China for Spying China Human Rights Asian-American Heritage CNN
1997 Gordon Spence Discovers the Largest Known Mersene Prime Number: 895,932 Digits Prime Numbers CNN
1998 U.S. & Britain Agree to Hold Pan Am 103 Bombing Trial in the Netherlands Great Britain The Netherlands Pan Am 103 Terrorism Law & Legal Resources The New York Times