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AUGUST 25

 
 

Uruguay
 
 
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In which state was cartoonist Walt Kelly born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What is the name of the African-American children's author born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to TIME for Kids, what does Lane Smith say is the most important moral of his book Squids Will Be Squids? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date: HE ROCK THE ODOR
INTERMEDIATE

1. From what country did Uruguayan revolutionaries declare independence on this date in 1825? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the New York Times, Leonard Bernstein was the youngest music director ever engaged by what organization? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the International Tennis Hall of Fame, in what year did Althea Gibson first win the U.S. Tennis Championships at Forest Hills? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:
SELL FURS ALDER
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Hans Krebs selected as the 1953 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine?

2. According to the National Cartoonists Society, what was the name of the comic strip created by Walt Kelly?

3. According to the Library of Congress American Memory, Althea Gibson was born in South Carolina, but where did she grow up?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:
NO RICHER CHEEK
 
 

Hans Krebs
Born on This Date 1900

[Nobel Foundation]

1953 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology1953 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology

Walt Kelly
Born on This Date 1913

Author of Pogo


Leonard Bernstein
Born on This Date in 1918

[Classical Net]

Composer

Althea Gibson
Born on This Date 1927

[International Tennis Hall of Fame]
International Tennis Hall of Fame

Lane Smith
Born on This Date 1959

[Baloney (Henry P.)]

Children's Authors/Illustrator
 
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1873 Will David Howe (Indiana-born Publisher of Howe Readers for Elementary Schools) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Education Butler University (pdf)
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1841 Theodor Kocher (Swiss-born 1909 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Theodor Kocher The Thyroid Gland Medical Research 1909 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
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1900 Hans Adolf Krebs (German-born English Biochemist: 1953 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Hans Adolf Krebs Biochemistry 1953 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
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1971 Ted Lewis (Ohio-born Jazz Bandleader, Singer, Musician) Ohio Performing Artists Jazz Red Hot Jazz
1984 Truman Capote (New Orleans-born Author: "In Cold Blood") Truman Capote American Authors Awarded 1967 Emmy for Christmas Memory
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1988 Art Rooney (Pennsylvania-born Owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers) Pittsburgh Football Hall of Fame Pittsburgh Steelers
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300 First Council of Nicaea Establishes Nicene Creed Doctrine of the Holy Trinity Nicene Creed Catholic Encyclopedia
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1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis Is in Pittsburgh Awaiting Completion of His Keelboat for an Aug 31 Launch
Pennsylvania Lewis & Clark Map: 07/15/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition
Keelboats National Park Service
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Capt Lewis & Myself concluded to go and See the mound which was viewed with such turror by all the different nations in this quarter. We selected 9 men to go along.

It was a cloudy morning today. Capt. Lewis and myself went to go see the Mound. They dropped down to the mouth of the White Stone Creek at about 8 a.m. They ascended to the top of the rising ground of about 60 feet, from the top
of this high land the country is level and an open plain. The Indians call this the Mountain of Little People or Spirits.
At around 12 p.m. we arrived at the top of the hill. By now the day was very hot and we stopped at the White Stone Creek to cool off. After cooling off we refreshed ourselves with grapes, plumbs, and blue currents. After this we got back on the trail and onto the surrounding plains. The wind began to pick up and forced insects of many kinds to be driven to us. This then caused small birds to arrive where they fed on the insects.

From the top of the mound you could see herds of buffaloes feeding on the plains. The soil of the plains were very fertile. The boat proceeded on down the river without us. During this time, I killed an elk and Fields brought in five deer. We set the plains on fire to catch the attention of the Sioux Indians. Later that evening in began to rain.

South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/24/04 - Spirit Mound Lewis & Clark Expedition Sioux Indians Botany Fire Safety Elk Deer Buffalo Insects Birds

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky

1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning loaded our horses and set out a little after sunrise; a few only of the Indians unengaged in assisting us went on as I had yesterday proposed to the Cheif. the others flanked us on each side and started some Antelope which they pursued for several hours but killed none of them. we proceeded within 2 Ms. of the narrow pass or seven miles from our camp of last evening and halted for dinner. Our hunters joined us at noon with three deer the greater part of which I gave the indians.

sometime after we had halted, Charbono mentioned to me with apparent unconcern that he expected to meet all the Indians from the camp on the Columbia tomorrow on their way to the Missouri. allarmed at this information I asked why he expected to meet them. he then informed me that the 1st Cheif had dispatched some of his young men this morning to this camp requesting the Indians to meet them tomorrow and that himself and those with him would go on with them down the Missouri, and consequently leave me and my baggage on the mountain or thereabouts.

I was out of patience with the folly of Charbono who had not sufficient sagacity to see the consequencies which would inevitably flow from such a movement of the indians, and altho' he had been in possession of this information since early in the morning when it had been communicated to him by his Indian woman yet he never mentioned it untill the after noon.

I could not forbear speaking to him with some degree of asperity on this occasion. I saw that here was no time to be lost in having those orders countermanded, or that we should not in all probability obtain any more horses or even get my baggage to the waters of the Columbia.

I therefore Called the three Cheifs together and having smoked a pipe with them, I asked them if they were men of their words, and whether I could depent on the promises they had made me; they readily answered in the affermative;
I then asked them if they had not promised to assist me with my baggage to their camp on the other side of the mountains, or to the place at which Capt. Clark might build the canoes, should I wish it. they acknowledged that they had. I then asked them why they had requested their people on the other side of the mountain to meet them tomorrow on the mountain where there would be no possibility of our remaining together for the purpose of trading for their horses as they had also promised. that if they had not promised to have given me their assistance in transporting my baggage to the waters on the other side of the mountain that I should not have attempted to pass the mountains but would have returned down the river and that in that case they would never have seen anymore white men in their country. that if they wished the white men to be their friends and to assist them against their enemies by furnishing them with arms and keeping their enemies from attacking them that they must never promis us anything which they did not mean to perform. that when I had first seen them they had doubted what I told them about the arrival of the party of whitemen in canoes, that they had been convinced that what I told them on that occasion was true, why then would they doubt what I said on any other point. I told them that they had witnessed my liberality in dividing the meat which my hunters killed with them; and that I should continue to give such of them as assisted me a part of whatever we had ourselves to eat. and finally concluded by telling them if they intended to keep the promisses they had made me to dispatch one of their young men immediately with orders to their people to remain where they were untill our arrival.

the two inferior cheifs said that they wished to assist me and be as good as their word, and that they had not sent for their people, that it was the first Chief who had done so, and they did not approve of the measure. Cameahwait remained silent for some time, at length he told me that he knew he had done wrong but that he had been induced to that measure from seeing all his people hungary, but as he had promised to give me his assistance he would not in future be worse than his word.

I then desired him to send immediately and countermand his orders; acordingly a young man was sent for this purpose and I gave him a handkerchief to engage him in my interest. this matter being arranged to my satisfaction I called all the women and men together who had been assisting me in the transportation of the baggage and gave them a billet for each horse which they had imployed in that service and informed them when we arrived at the plaice where we should finally halt on the river I would take the billet back and give them merchandize for it. every one appeared now satisfyed and when I ordered the horses loaded for our departure the Indians were more than usually allert.

we continued our march untill late in the evening and encamped at the upper part of the cove where the creek enters the mountains; here our hunters joined us with another deer which they had killed, this I gave to the women and Children, and for my own part remained supperless. I observed considerable quantities of wild onions in the bottom lands of this cove. I also saw several large hares and many of the cock of the plains. This morning while passing through the Shoshone cove Frazier fired his musquet at some ducks in a little pond at the distance of about 60 yards from me; the ball rebounded from the water and pased within a very few feet of me. near the upper part of this cove the Shoshones suffered a very severe defeat by the Minnetares about six years since. this part of the cove on the N. E. side of the Creek has lately been birned by the Indians as a signal on some occasion


Clark: Set out verry early and halted one hour at the Indian Camp, they were kind gave us all a little boiled Sammon
& dried buries to eate, abt. half as much as I could eate, those people are kind with what they have but excessive pore & Durtey.

— we proceeded on over the mountains we had before passed to the Bluff we Encamped at on the 21s instant where we arrived late and turned out to hunt & fish, Cought Several Small fish, a party of Squars & one man with Several boys going down to guathe berries below, my guide got two Sammon from this party [(]which made about half a Supper for the party), after Dark Shannon came in with a beaver which the Party suped on Sumptiously

— one man verry Sick to day which detained us verry much I had three hunters out all day, they saw one Deer, killed nothing. one of the Party Saw 9 Elk on a Mountain to our right assending, amongst the Pine timber which is thick on that side

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a cool clear morning a Stiff breeze ahead we Set out at the usial hour and proceeded on very well.

I derected Shields Collins Shannon and the two fieldses to proceed on in the two small Canoes to the Ponia Island and hunt on that Island untill we came on, they Set out before day light—

The Skirt of timber in the bend above the Chyenne is not very Considerable the timber is Scattered from 4 to 16 miles on the S W Side of the river, and the thickest part is at the distance of 6 & 10 miles from the Chyenne, a narrow bottom of Small Cotton trees <& willow> is also on the N E pt. at the distance of from 4 to 4½ miles above the Chyenne imediately at the enterance of that river I observe but fiew large trees Some Small Growth and willows on the lower Side bottom on the Missouri about ½ a mile and extends up the Chyen 1 mile about a quarter of a mile above is a 2d bottom of Cotton timber, in the point above the Chyenne there is a considerable bottom of about 2 miles on that river and a large timbered bottom a Short distance above.

at 8 A. M. we Came to at the mouth of the Chyenne to delay untill 12 to make a meridian observation and derected 3 hunters to proced up this river and hunt its bottoms untill twelve at which hou we Shall proceed on. the hunters returned with 2 deer

the Chyenne discharges but little water which is much the colour of the missouri tho not So muddy I observe a very eligable Situation on the bank of the Chyenne on it's lower Side about 100 paces from it's enterance. this Situation is above the high floods and has a perfect Command of each river we obtained a Meridian altitude with the Sextt. and artificial Horizon 112° 50' 00"— after which we proceeded on passed the pania Island and came up with Shields and Collins they had killed two deer only

at 3 P M we passed the place where we Saw the last encampement of Troubleson Tetons below the old ponia village on the S W Side. a very large timbered bottom on the N. E. Side imedialely below the Pania Island.

at Sunset we landed about the Center of a large bottom on the N E Side a little below the enterance of No timber Creek and below our Encampment of 29th of Septr. 1804. dreyer killed a deer after we encamped. a little above our encampmt.

the ricaras had formerly a large village on each Side which was destroyed by the Seioux. there is the remains of 5 other villages on the S W. Side below the Chyenne river and one on Le ho catts Isld. all those villages have been broken up by the Seioux.

This day proved a fine Still day and the men played their oars and we made 48 miles to day. The 2 the two fieldses and Shannon did not join this evening which caused me to encamp earlier than usial for them. we Saw no game on the plains today. the Tetons have been on the river not long Since—.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Stanley County, South Dakota Map: 08/25/1806 Native Americans

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1825 Uruguayan Revolutionaries Declare Independence from Brazil Uruguay Brazil Library of Congress
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1830 French Provinces of the Netherlands Revolt Against Union into Belgium Netherlands Belgium European History Nationmaster
1832 In Delaware, an Explosion Kills Two Workers at the DuPont Powder Mills Delaware Labor Death DuPont State of Delaware
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1862 War Department Authorizes Recruiting Black Soldiers in South Carolina South Carolina American Civil War African American History History Net
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