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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. From whom did Moldova declare its independence in 1991? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was the first female U.S. government employee given equal status with men? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to her official website, when did Ann Rinaldi become interested in studying American history? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:

1. In which U.S. state is Lyndon Baines Johnson's birthday observed as a holiday? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to her biography from the Nobel Foundation, what religious order did Mother Teresa start in 1950? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, on what date did Mariner 2 first transmit data back from Venus? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work written by Theodore Dreiser prior to 1920 (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Columbia Encyclopedia, what position did Frank B. Kellogg hold with the U.S. government when the Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in 1928?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, with whom did Carl Bosch share the 1931 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

3. According to BET, into what Hall of Fame was Yolanda Adams inducted on Oct 26, 2002?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 1929 work by C.S. Forester (according to the C.S. Forester Society):

Carl Bosch
Born on This Date 1874

[Nobel Foundation]

1931 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry1931 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Lyndon Baines Johnson
Born on This Date 1908

[New York Times]

36th President of the United States

Mother Teresa
Born on This Date 1910

[Washington Post]

Religious Leader and Candidate for Catholic Sainthood1979 Nobel Laureate for Peace

Ann Rinaldi
Born on This Date in 1934

[Rutgers University]

Young Adult Author

Yolanda Adams
Born on This Date 1962

[Official Website]

Gospel Singer

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Moldova: Independence Day
(Observed since 1991 declaration of independence from the Soviet Union: 08/27/1991)
Moldova The Soviet Union U.S. Department of State
Texas: Lyndon Baines Johnson Birthday
(Observed since 1973)
Texas Lyndon Baines Johnson
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1919 Graham Oakley (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1921 Arlene Mosel (Ohio-born Children's Author) Arlene Mosel Primary Children's Authors
1934 Ann Rinaldi (New York City-born Children's Author) Ann Rinaldi Young-adult Authors
1943 Suzy Kline (California-born Children's Author) Suzy Kline Young-adult Authors
1945 Suzanne Fisher Staples (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author)  Suzanne Fisher Staples Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1850 Margaret Wolfe Hungerford (Irish Author) Margaret Wolfe Hungerford
1871 Theodore Dreiser (Indiana-born Novelist) Theodore Dreiser
1877 Lloyd C. Douglas (Indiana-born Author of The Robe) Lloyd C. Douglas Relgious Leaders, Theologians
1899 C. S. Forester (English Novelist) C. S. Forester
1939 William Least Heat-Moon (William Trogdon, Missouri-born Writer) William Least Heat-Moon
Artists, Architects and Designers
1890 Man Ray (Emmanuel Rudnitsky, Pennsylvania-born Photographer, Painter, Filmmaker) Man Ray American Artists Photography Film
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1874 Carl Bosch (German Chemist; 1931 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Carl Bosch Chemistry 1931 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
551 B.C. Confucius (K'ung-tze; Chinese Philosopher) Confucius Philosophy
1770 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (German Philosopher) Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Philosophy
1833 Margartha Meyer Schurz (German-American Founder of the First U.S. Kindergarten in Watertown, Wisconsin) German Political and Social Leaders Watertown, Wisconsin Kindergarten Wisconsin Historical Society
1910 Mother Teresa (Agnes Bonxha Bojaxhiu; Macedonia-born Catholic Nun: 1979 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Mother Teresa Catholicism 1970 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Political & Social Leaders
1796 Sophia Smith (Massachusetts-born Philanthropist; Founder of Smith College) Massachusetts Political & Social Leaders Philanthropy Educators of Note American Female Social Leaders Smith College
1809 Hannibal Hamlin (Governor of Maine; U.S. Senator from Maine; Vice President of the United States for Abraham Lincoln) Maine Political & Social Leaders United States Senate Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency
1865 Charles Dawes (Ohio-born Vice-President of the United States to Calvin Coolidge; 1925 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Ohio Political & Social Leaders President Calvin Coolidge The American Presidency 1925 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1879 Robert Lee Vann (North Carolina-born Journalist, Lawyer, Politician, Civil Rights Activist, Editor) North Carolina Political & Social Leaders Journalism Law & Legal Resources Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1908 Lyndon Baines Johnson (Texas-born 36th President of the United States) Texas Political & Social Leaders Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency
Performing Artists
1882 Samuel Goldwyn (Polish-American Film Producer) Polish Performing Artists Filmmakers
1879 Rose McClendon (North Carolina-born African-American Actress) North Carolina Performing Artists American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1890 Hallie (Mae Ferguson) Flanagan (South Dakota-born Theatre Organizer, Teacher, Playwright) South Dakota Performing Artists Stage and Theater Educators of Note
1905 Frederick O'Neal (Mississippi-born African-American Actor, Playwright) Mississippi Performing Artists American Performing Artists Plays African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1909 Lester Young (Mississippi-born African-American Jazz Saxophonist) Lester Young Jazz Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists
1937 Alice Coltrane (Detroit-born African-American Jazz Musician, Composer) Detroit Performing Artists Jazz American Composers African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1952 Paul Reubens (New York-born Actor, Comedian) New York Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television
1962 Yolanda Adams (Texas-born African-American Gospel Singer) Yolanda Adams Gospel Musicians Famous African Americans
Sports Figures
1908 Frank Leahy (Nebraska-born Football Coach: Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Nebraska Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1590 Pope Sixtus II (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Chambers Book of Days
1944 Mohamed Joosub (India-born South African Trader, Philanthropist) Indian Business Leaders South African Business Leaders Economics Philanthropy South African History
1931 Bix Beiderbecke (Iowa-born Jazz Musician) Bix Beiderbecke Jazz
1963 W.E.B. Du Bois (Massachusetts-born African-American Scholar, Author) W.E.B. Du Bois American Authors American Social leaders African American Political and Social Leaders
1964 Gracie Allen (San Francisco-born Actress, Comedian, Wife and Partner of George Burns) Gracie Allen Radio Television Film
1967 Brian Epstein (Manager of The Beatles) British Performing Artists The Beatles BBC
1979 Lord Louis Mountbatten (Member of the British Royal Family Killed by the Irish Republican Army) British Political and Social Leaders Ireland British Monarchy Terrorism BBC
1990 Stevie Ray Vaughan (Texas-born Blues Musician: Helicopter Crash Near East Troy, Wisconsin) Stevie Ray Vaughan East Troy, Wisconsin Popular Musicians Air Disasters Texas State Historical Association Wisconsin Historical Society
Historically Notable Events
Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1660 Charles the Second Orders Books of John Milton Burned in Public John Milton Charles II Literature Chambers Book of Days Writer's Almanac
1698 Lewes, Delaware Is Ransacked and Pillaged by 50 French Pirates Notorious French Lewes, Delaware Crime State of Delaware
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1758 British-Colonial Forces Capture and Raze Canadian Fort Frontenac Canada Great Britain Colonial America Forts French and Indian War Osprey Publishing
1776 British Forces Defeat George Washington's Patriot Troops at the Battle of Brooklyn Heights in New York New York City George Washington American Revolution History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis Is in Pittsburgh Awaiting Completion of His Keelboat for an Aug 31 Launch
Pennsylvania Lewis & Clark Map: 07/15/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition
Keelboats National Park Service
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Today the morning star was much larger than before.

G. Drewyer came up and informed that he could neither find Shannon
nor horses, we Sent Sheilds & J Fields, back to hunt Shannon & the horses.

There was a gentle breeze out and we passed the White Clay Marl.
A large of the stone seemed to made up of lime with a trace of cobalt in it.
It resembled slate but was much softer than slate.

Three Indians informed us that there was a camp of Sioux near the mouth
of the Jacque river. We sent Mr. Dorion, the Sioux interpreter, to invite
the chiefs to the Sioux nation to our council. The third Indian that stayed with us was of the Mohair nation and told us that the Mohair were going to make peace with the Pawnee tribe.

This evening was pleasant and cool and the river was slowly sinking lower.

South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/27/04 Lewis & Clark Expedition
Horses Native American Tribes The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Set out before Sunrise

a Stiff breeze a head from the East proceeded to the enterance of Tylors river on the S W Side and landed on a Sand bar and Sent out the hunters to kill Some meat, our Stock of meat being now exousted and this the most favourable place to precure a fresh Supply,

the hunters returned in 3 hours without haveing killed any thing. they informed me that the bottoms were entirely beaten up and the grass laid flat by the emence number of Buffalow which had been here a Short time past. the deer had left the bottom. they Saw several Buffalow Bulls which they did not think proper to kill as they were unfit for use. here we discover the first Signs of the wild turkey.

at 1 P M we halted in the big bend and killed a fat buck elk near the river, which was very timely as our meat was entirely exhosted.

at 2 P. M we again proceeded on down saw Several Buffalow Bulls on each Side of the river also Some deer of the Common kind.

at 6 P. M. we herd the bellowing of the Buffalow Bulls in the lower Isld. of the Big bend below the Gouge which induced a belief that there was Some fat Cows, 5 men went out from the 2 Small Canoes which was a little a head, and killed two Cows one Bull and a Calf nether of them wer fat

we droped the Perogue & Canoes to the lower part of the Island near to where the buffalow was killed and incamped haveing Come 45 Miles only to day. had the buffalow butched and brought in and divided.

My friend Capt Lewis hurt himself very much be takeing a longer walk on the Sand bar in my absence at the buffalow than he had Strength to undergo, which Caused him to remain very unwell all night.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lyman County, South Dakota

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1840 Missouri Merchant, Henry Connelly, Completes a Two-Year Expedition to Create the Chihuahua Trade Route Between Mexico and the U.S. Mexico Missouri Pioneers and Explorers International Trade Texas State Historical Association
1841 From Oregon City, the Star of Oregon Is Launched as the First Ocean-going Vessel Built in Oregon Oregon City, Oregon Naval History Historic Firsts
1849 Edgar Allan Poe Joins the Sons of Temperance - A Society Requiring Its Members to Abstain Completely from Drinking Alcoholic Beverages Edgar Allan Poe American Authors Substance Abuse American Collection
1855 Clara Barton Is First Female Federal Employee Given Equality to Men Clara Barton U.S. Government Rights Women Historic Firsts USPTO
1856 Abraham Lincoln Speaks in Kalamazoo, Michigan Campaigning for Republican Presidential Nominee John C. Fremont Kalamazoo, Michigan John C. Fremont Abraham Lincoln Politics State of Michigan
1858 Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Hold Their Second Debate in Freeport, Illinois Freeport, Illinois Stephen Douglas Lincoln - Douglas Debates Lincoln Logs
1859 Edwin Drake Drills the First Successful Oil Well: 69.5' in Titusville, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Business & Economics Historic Firsts Technology and Society History Channel
1861 Union Ships Secure Cape Hatteras, North Carolina North Carolina Naval Military History American Civil War National Park Service History Channel
1862 Confederate Troops Capture the Federal Supply Depot at Manassas Junction Taking Over 300 Prisoners Manassas, Virginia Battle of Second Bull Run U.S. Army
1863 Confederate Forces Defeat Union Troops at the Battle of White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia Battle of White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia West Virginia State Archives
1871 7 Die in Election Day Violence Between Republicans and Democrats in La Mesilla, New Mexico La Mesilla, New Mexico Politics Elections Death New Mexico Magazine
1878 Pennsylvania-born Christopher Latham Sholes Patents a Typewriter Pennsylvania Scientists and Inventors History of Technology Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks Wisconsin Historical Society
1881 Hurricane Kills an Estimated 700 People Along the Coast of Georgia Georgia Hurricanes Death University of Georgia
1883 Indonesian Volcano, Krakatoa, Erupts Creating Tsunamis That Kill 36,000 People Krakatoa Volcanoes Tsunamis Death San Diego State University History Channel
1889 Charles G. Conn Receives Patent for Metal Clarinet Music Musical Instruments Patents & Trademarks USPTO
1892 Fire Seriously Damages New York City's Original Metropolitan Opera House at Broadway and 39th Street New York City Metropolitan Opera Fire Safety New York Times
1893 Hurricane Kills Thousands and Leaves Tens of Thousands Homeless in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina Florida Georgia South Carolina Hurricanes Death University of Georgia
1894 The U.S. Congress Passes the First Graduated Income Tax as Part of the Wilson-Gormann Tariff U.S. Congress Taxes Historic Firsts History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 U.S. Army Physicians, Walter Reeds and J.C. Carroll, Begin Test to Prove Mosquitoes Transmit Yellow Fever Walter Reed Yellow Fever Library of Congress
Britain's First Long Distance Bus Service Begins between London and Leeds (2 Days) Great Britain Transportation Historic Firsts Historic UK
1904 In Newport, Rhode Island, the First Jail Sentence Is Imposed for a Speeding Violation Rhode Island Automobiles Historic Firsts History Channel
1911 G/s F.S. Redfield Is Stranded on Alaska's Cape Prince of Wales. All 23 People Aboard Survive Alaska Naval History Alaska Historical Society
1912 In Columbus, the Ohio Women's Suffrage Association Holds the State's First Women's Suffrage Parade Columbus, Ohio Women's Rights Women's Suffrage Historic Firsts Ohio Historical Society
1916 Romania Declares War on Austria-Hungary, Formally Entering World War I Romania Austria Hungary World War I History Channel
1917 John Ford's First Feature Film, Straight Shooting, Is Released John Ford Film History Channel
Poet and Author, John Peale Bishop, Enters the U.S. Army West Virginia Authors American Authors Poets World War I American Collection
1918 The Influenza Pandemic Hits America as Two Sailors Report to Sickbay at Boston's Commonwealth Pier Boston, Massachusetts 1918 Flu Pandemic Historic Firsts Massachustts Foundation for the Humanities
1919 Lawson Airlines Begins the First U.S. Commercial Air Service Flying from Milwaukee to New York City and Washington, D.C. Milwaukee, Wisconsin New York City Washington, D.C. Aviation History Business Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1920 Fay Bridges' Is the First Florida Woman to Vote Following Ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Florida Women Voting 19th Amendment Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1921 The Green Bay Packers Join the National Football League Wisconsin Football National Football League Green Bay Packers
1923 Irish Free State Holds First Elections Following Independence from Britain Great Britain Ireland Voting European History Elections Ireland
1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact Is Signed Renouncing War as an Instrument of Policy Pact of Paris/Kellogg-Briand Pact War World History New York Times
1930 Diablo Dam Is Dedicated on Washington's Upper Skaggit River Washington Dams State of Washington
1937 Aaron Copland's "El Salon Mexico" Is Premiered in Mexico City with Carlos Chávez Conducting Mexico City, Mexico Aaron Copland Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1938 George Eyston Sets a, New Land Speed Record (345.49 mph) at Utah's Bonneville Salt Flats Utah Automobiles History Channel
1940 Meredith Wilson Conducts the San Francisco Symphony in the Premier of His Symphony No. 2 ("The Missions of California") San Francisco Meredith Wilson Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1941 Prince Fumimaro Konoye, Prime Minister of Japan, Requests Summit with FDR Japan President Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
1945 U.S. Troops Begin Landing in Japan Following the Surrender of the Japanese Government Japan World War II New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 BBC Television Transmits the First Live Signals Across the English Channel with 2-Hour Program from Calais, France Great Britain France Television Historic Firsts BBC
1953 Audrey Hepburn Makes Her Film Debut in Roman Holiday Audrey Hepburn Film History Channel
1954 The Dover, Delaware School Board Considers School Integration Dover, Delaware Education Racism Brown v. Board of Education State of Delaware
1956 Virginia's General Assembly Considers Bill to Allow the Governor to Close Schools Ordered to Integrate and Cut State Funding from Schools That Integrate Virginia Government Education Law and Legal Resources Racism Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage Virginia Historical Society
1957 Central Florida Community College Is Founded in Ocala Ocala, Florida Education Central Florida Community College Florida Historical Society
1962 U.S. Launches Mariner 2: First U.S. Spacecraft to Fly By Another Planet (Venus) Space Exploration Venus Historic Firsts New York Times NASA
1966 Construction Is Completed on Columbia River's Astoria-Mengler Bridge Connecting Washington and Oregon Washington Oregon Columbia River Bridges State of Washington
Popular Song "Cherish" Is Released by The Association Popular Music RockGreats
1969 Booster Malfunction Dooms NASA Launch of Pioneer E Satellite for Interplanetary Study Space Exploration Solar System NASA
1979 Britain's Lord Louis Mountbatten Is Killed by Irish Republican Army (IRA) Bomb Planted on a Boat British Political and Social Leaders Ireland British Monarchy Terrorism Death BBC
18 British Soldiers Die in Two Bomb Attacks Near the Border with the Irish Republic Great Britain Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
Leonard Bernstein's Song "Piccola Serenata" Is First Performed at the Salzburg Festival Salzburg, Austria Leondard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1982 A Turkish Military Attaché Is Assassinated in Canada by Armenian Extremists Turkey Canada Armenia Terrorism Death Television News Archive
1984 Christa McAuliffe Selected to be First Teacher in Space Christa McAuliffe Space Exploration Education Historic Firsts Challenger Center
1985 General Ibrahim Babangida Overthrows Nigeria's Buhari Regime Nigeria War African History Television News Archive
NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-51I) on 7-Day Mission That Includes Deployment of Three Satellites Space Shuttle Space Exploration NASA
1986 South African Protest in Support of Rent Boycott Turns into a Riot with 12 Dead South Africa Human Rights/Civil Rghts Death South African History
1987 Mutinous Soldiers Fail to Overthrow the Philippines' Aquino Government Republic of the Philippines War Television News Archive
1989 Wisconsin's Concordia College Becomes Concordia University Wisconsin Education Education Concordia University Wisconsin Historical Society
1991 Moldova Declares Independence from the Soviet Union Moldova The Soviet Union Cold War Country Studies
1995 700-year-old Wreckage of the Magor Pill Is Raised from Wales' Severn Estuary Wales Great Britain Naval History BBC
Historical Events Occurring 2000 to Present
2003 Mars Passes Closer to Earth Than At Any Time in 60,000 Years Mars Sky and Telescope
2008 Democratic Illinois Senator Barack Obama Is the First African-American to be Nominated as the Presidential Candidate of a Major U.S. Political Party Illinois Political and Social Leaders Barack Obama 2008 Democratic Convention Historic Firsts African-American Political and Social Leaders CNN
2010 Kenya President Ratifies New Constitution Kenya BBC