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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who were the two astronauts aboard the 1965 Gemini 5 flight? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what state was Karen Hesse born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Amistad Research Center, how many Africans were on board when the Amistad revolt took place? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Karen Hesse (according to Writer's Almanac) RIFLE FORK MATTERS

1. What was the name of the judge who presided over the Watergate Scandal? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to PBS, in what year did Charlie Parker first visit New York? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, what was the name of the Charles Kettering-founded company that brought automobiles into the age of electricity? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist who was born on this date.
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to NASA, what was the name of the capsule Gordon Cooper flew in on his first flight into space May 15, 1963?

2. According to Victorian Web, why weren't John Locke's two Treatises on Government published when they were written in 1679 and 1680?

3. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, Charles Goodyear first noticed the properties of vulcanized rubber when he accidentally dropped some rubber mixed with sulfur onto what?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a film for which Ingrid Berman received an Academy Award (according to

John Locke
Born on This Date in 1632

[Stanford University]


Charles F. Kettering
Born on This Date 1876

[Flint Library, MI]

Automotive Inventor & Engineer

Ingrid Bergman
Born on This Date 1915

[New York Times]

Film Star

Charlie Parker
Born on This Date 1920

[Duke University]

Jazz Musican

Karen Hesse
Born on This Date 1952

[Brooks Library, VT]

Young-adult Author1998 Newbery Award Winner for Out of the Dust

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
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Russian Orthodox Church: Linen Spas (Third Savior)
(Observed annually 08/29 to commemorate the linen cloth on which the image of Christ was imprinted)
Russia Religion World Child International
Slovakia: Uprising Day
(Commemoration of unsuccessful uprising of the Slovak resistance: 08/29/1944 - 10/27/1944)
Slovakia World War II U.S. Department of State Radio Prague
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1952 Karen Hesse (Maryland-born Children's Author: 1998 Newbery Award Winner for Out of the Dust) Karen Hesse 1998 Newbery Award Winner for Out of the Dust
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1809 Oliver Wendell Holmes (Massachusetts-born Physician, Poet, Essayist and Humorist) Massachusetts Authors Medicine Poetry Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1862 Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgian Poet, Playwright and Essayist: 1911 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Maurice Maeterlinck Poetry Plays Nobel Laureate for Literature
1929 Thom Gunn (English-born American Poet) Thom Gunn Poetry
1632 John Locke (English Philosopher) John Locke Philosophy
1904 William Niederland (German Psychoanalyst) William Niederland The Holocaust
Artists, Architects and Designers
1780 Jean-Auguste Ingres (French Neoclassical Painter) French Artists Artists
1848 Albert Bartholome (French Sculptor) French Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1923 Lester Trimble (Wisconsin-born Composer) Wisconsin Composer American Composers Wisconsin Historical Society
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1876 Charles F. Kettering (Ohio-born Engineer, Inventor, Automotives Pioneer) Charles F. Kettering Automobiles Business & Economics Inventors & Inventions
Military Leaders
1899 Lyman Lemnitzer (Pennsylvania-born U.S. Army General, Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff: 1960-62) Pennsylvania Military Leaders World War II NATO
Political and Social Leaders
1619 Jean-Baptiste Colbert (French Secretary under King Louis XlV) French Political and Social Leaders
1936 John McCain (U.S. Senator from Arizona; Republican Candidate for President of the United States) John McCain 2008 Presidential Campaign U.S. Senate
Performing Artists
1898 Preston Sturges (Chicago-born Film Director, Screenwriter and Playwright) Preston Sturges Film & Filmmakers
1908 Alton Strickland (Texas-born County and Western Musician) Texas Performing Artists Country Musicians Country Musicians
1915 Ingrid Bergman (Swedish Actress) Ingrid Bergman Film
1920 Charlie Parker (Kansas-born African-American Jazz Saxophonist and Composer) Charlie Parker Jazz Popular Musicians American Composers African American Performing Artists
1924 Dinah Washington (Alabama-born African-American Blues Singer: Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Alabama Performing Artists Jazz and Blues African American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Internet Movie Database
1927 Marion Williams (Florida-born African-American Gospel Singer) Marion Williams Gospel Musicians African-American Performing Artists
1956 Mark Morris (Seattle-born Choreographer) Mark Morris Dance
1959 Michael Jackson (Indiana-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Michael Jackson Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African American Performing Artists
1945 Wyomia Tyus (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Wyomia Tyus Track and Field Hall of Fame Olympic Games African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1533 Atahualpa (Last Incan King: Murdered on Orders from Spanish Conqueror Francisco Pizarro) Incas, Mayans & Aztecs Francisco Pizarro History Channel
1877 Brigham Young (Vermont-born Mormon Political Leader) Brigham Young Utah Political and Social Leaders The Mormon Church
1880 Paul Octave Hebert (Governor of Louisiana: 1853-1856) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1946 John Steuart Curry (Kansas-born Artist, Illustrator) Kansas Artists American Artists Wisconsin Historical Society
1982 Ingrid Bergman (Swedish Actress) Ingrid Bergman Film
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1533 Pizarro Orders the Murder of Atahualpa, the Last Incan King Francisco Pizarro Incas, Mayans & Aztecs History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1641 New Amsterdam Colonists Select 12 Men to Represent Them; Establishing New York's First Representative Government New York Colonial New York Elections Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis Is in Pittsburgh Awaiting Completion of His Keelboat for an Aug 31 Launch
Pennsylvania Lewis & Clark Map: 07/15/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition
Keelboats Pittsburgh Legacy
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold morning Some frost. the Wind from the South, I left our baggage in possession of 2 men and proceeded on up to join Capt Lewis at the upper Village of Snake Indians where I arrived at 1 oClock

found him much engaged in Counceling and attempting to purchase a fiew more horses.

I Spoke to the Indians on various Subjects endeavoring to impress on theire minds the advantaje it would be to them for to Sell us horses and expedite the our journey the nearest and best way possibly that we might return as Soon as possible and winter with them at Some place where there was plenty of Buffaloew,

— our wish is to get a horse for each man to Carry our baggage and for Some of the men to ride occasionally, The horses are handsom and much acustomed to be changed as to their Parsture; we cannot Calculate on their carrying large loads & feed on the Grass which we may Calculate on finding in the Mountain Thro which we may expect to pass on our rout made Some Selestial observations

I purchased a horse for which I gave my Pistol 100 Balls Powder & a Knife.

our hunters Killed 2 Deer near their Camp to day. 2 yesterday & 3 The Day before, this meet was a great treat to me
as I had eate none for 8 days past

Ordway: a clear pleasant morning.

about 8 oClock A. M. a nomber of Indians arived here who had been gone along time from the nation one of them got Sculped by some Indians in the prarie or plain he did not know what nation they belonged to. Some of their relations cryed when they came in the village.

Capt Lewis bought two more horses.

about 11 oClock A. M. Capt Clark and party arived here except 2 men who Stayed to take care of the baggage which they left. they informed us that the mountains were amazeing high and rough. almost impossable to pass over them.

they had a guide with them. they came uppon one or 2 lodges in a valley between the mots. they started to run but the guide Spoke to them and they Stood and gave them Some cherries and Servis berrys which they were gethering. they lived 4 or 5 days on Such berrys. killed but one Deer while they were out.

they find that the mountains are So bad that we can not follow the river by land and the river So rapid and full of rocks that it is impossable for crafts to pass down. neither is their any game they got some Salmon from the natives which they caught in the River with their bone & horn gigs, but had suffered considerable with hunger.

the natives tells us that we cannot find the ocean the course we want to go for their old men has been a Season or more on that course to find it but could not. and that their was troublesome tribes of Indians to pass. that they had no horses and if they could git hold of any they would eat them as they lived on roots &C their being no game the country So rough and mountaineous.

we are not like to purchase any more horses here as the natives tell us that they must keep Some horses unless they could git arms and ammunition in return So that they may be able to defend themselves. but we told them that we could not Spare any guns if we Should git no more horses. So we put up the goods, as we have now 27 horses and intend to Set out on our journey tomorrow and go around or between the mountains and strike the columbia River
below if possable. our hunters returned towards evening had caught & giged 6 fine Sammon and killed one Deer

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a cloudy morning the hunters proceeded on agreeable to their orders of last night. I Sent out two men to the village of barking Squirels with direcitions to kill Some of them. they after 2 hours returned and informed me that not one of those Squirels were to be Seen out of their holes.

the Skins of the party which they had been dressing Since yesterday being now completely dressed I derected all loose baggage to be put on board the Canoes and at 10 A. M. Set out and proceeded on passed the white river at 12 oClock and halted below the enterance of Shannons Creek where we were joined by Labeech Shannon and Willard, they had killed 2 common der but no Mule deer or antilopes. Willard informed me that he Saw 2 antilopes but Could not get near to them. Willard and Labeech waded white river a fiew miles above its enterance and inform me that they found it 2 feet water and 200 yards wide. the water of this river at this time nearly as white as milk.

put Drewyer out to hunt on the S W. Side and proceeded on below the round Island and landed on the N. E. Side I with Several of the men went out in pursute of Buffalow. the men killed 2 Bulls near me they were very por

I assended to the high Country and from an eminance, I had a view of the plains for a great distance. from this eminance I had a view of a greater number of buffalow than I had ever Seen before at one time. I must have Seen near 20,000 of those animals feeding on this plain. I have observed that in the country between the nations which are at war with each other the greatest numbers of wild animals are to be found—

on my return to the river I killed 2 young deer. after Dinner we proceeded down the river about 3 mile to the Camp of Jo. & Rubin fields and Collins, and encamped on the S W. Side a little below our encampment of 13th Septr. 1804,

haveing made 20 Miles only. neither of the hunters killed either a Black tail deer or an antilope. Jo Fields & Shields each killed a porcupin and two others of the hunters Killed Deer,

Drewyer did not join us untill 10 P. M. he informed that he Saw some antilopes and Mule deer but Could kill none of them. Jo. Field informed that he wounded female of the Mule deer a little below our Camp late in the evening and could not prosue her I directed him to Set out with 3 others and follow the Deer and get her if possible early in the morning

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lyman County, South Dakota

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1818 Spain Severs U.S. Diplomatic Relations Due to U.S. Occupation of Forts in Spanish Florida Spain Florida Forts Florida Historical Society
1821 A Treaty with Potawatomi, Ojibway and Odawa Cedes Land That Will Be Steuben, LaGrange and Elkhart Counties in Indiana Michigan Indiana Native American Heritage State of Michigan Indiana Historical Society
1839 An Initial Hearing Is Held About the Rights of the Slaves Aboard La Amistad Slavery U.S. Supreme Court University of Missouri Kansas City
1851 Settlers of North Oregon Convene a Convention to Form a Separate Territory Washington Oregon HistoryLink
1856 The Houston Academy Is Chartered Texas Education Texas State Historical Association
1857 Minnesota's Constitutional Conventions Agree to a Compromise Document as the State's Constitution Minnesota Government Historic U.S. Documents Minnesota Historical Society
Minnesota's William Brewster and Company Bank Goes Out of Business Minnesota Business Economic Panic of 1857 Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1860 The First Telegraphed Message from St. Paul, Minnesota Is Sent to William H. Seward, Governor of New York St. Paul, Minnesota New York Goverment Telegraph Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1862 Day Two of the Battle of Second Bull Run Virginia Second Battle of Bull Run History Channel
U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing Founded Money & Currency U.S. Gov't Agencies History Channel
1864 Sherman's Troops Destroy 12 Miles of Railroad Track West of Atlanta Georgia William Tecumseh Sherman Fall of Atlanta University of Georgia
1865 Charles Anderson Becomes Ohio's 27th Governor Ohio Political and Social Leaders Ohio Historical Society
1866 The First Train Crosses the Mississippi and Arrives in Des Moines, Iowa Iowa Railroad State Historical Society of Iowa
1873 Storm Floods Wash Away Bridges in the Townsend and Middletown Areas of Delaware Delaware Bridges Floods State of Delaware
1877 150 Irish Workers March on Georgetown, Delaware Demanding Pay for Laying Railroad Track Between Georgetown and Frankford Ireland Georgetown, Delaware Railroads Labor Economics State of Delaware
1885 Lieutenant Henry Allen Reaches St. Michael, Alaska After Exploring the Copper and Yukon Rivers St. Michael, Alaska North American Explorers Rivers Alaska Historical Society
1893 Whitcomb Judson Patents the Zipper Simple Machines Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions U.S. Patent Office
1898 Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. Is Incorporated Charles Goodyear Automobiles Business & Economics Goodyear
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 A Confederate Monument Is Unveiled at Union, West Virginia Union, West Virginia American Civil War West Virginia State Archives
1911 The Sole Surviving Member of the Yahi Tribe, Wanders into Oroville, California Oroville, California Native-American Studies Anthropology & Archaeology History Channel LearnCalifornia
1918 Delaware's 59th Infantry Leaves Hoboken, New Jersey for Brest, France France Georgetown, Delaware Hoboken, New Jersey World War I State of Delaware
1930 A Student Pilot and His Passenger Are the First Air Crash Fatalities in Wisconsin's Rock County Rock County, Wisconsin Air Disasters Death Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1942 Japan Refuses Red Cross Supplies for U.S. Prisoners of War Japan The Red Cross World War II History Channel
1944 Jan Golian Leads 80,000 Slovaks in Attempted Overthrow of Fascist Government Slovakia World War II Radio Prague
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1957 Senator Strom Thurmond Sets Senate Filibuster Record (24h18m) U.S. Senate CNN
1958 George Harrison Joins John Lennon and Paul McCartney The Beatles Popular Musicians Wikipedia
1961 Atlanta's Mayor Hartsfield Promises Orderly Desegregation of Four Atlanta Schools Georgia Education Human Rights/Civil Rights Racism University of Georgia
1962 Robert Frost Goes to the Soviet Union on Goodwill Tour Robert Frost Poetry The Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
1965 U.S. Gemini 5 Splashes Down with Astronauts Cooper & Conrad Aboard Space Exploration Charles Conrad Gordon Cooper CNN
1966 The Beatles Hold Their Final Concert in San Francisco San Francisco The Beatles Popular Music CNN
1973 Judge Sirica Orders President Nixon to Turn over Watergate Tapes Richard Nixon & the Watergate Scandal The American Presidency The Law & Legal Resources Library of Congress
1977 Lou Brock Breaks Ty Cobb's Record for Career Stolen Bases (893) Ty Cobb Baseball Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures New York Times
1991 U.S. Stamp Commemorates Comic Film Stars Laurel and Hardy Stan Laurel Oliver Hardy U.S. Postal Service Film University of Georgia
Historical Events Occurring from 2000  to Present
2005 Hurricane Katrina Devastates New Orleans, Southern Louisiana, Alabama &Mississippi New Orleans Alabama Missisippi Hurricane Katrina Flooding Death