for

Moldova Moldova

AUGUST 31

Moldova Moldova
 
 

Moldova
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 1910, who set the record for the longest flight over water? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What language was adopted as the official language of Moldova on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Embracing the Child, where did Deborah Kogan Ray study fine arts, painting and printmaking? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a Hall of Fame baseball player born on this date:
BARON FORK INNS
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which two countries declared their independence from the Soviet Union on this date in 1991? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to PBS, how old was Itzhak Perlman when he appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress why did Thomas Edison first begin work on the kinetoscope? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book illustrated by Deborah Kogan Ray (according to her official website):
NEW BLAHS ROT
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the International Montessori Index, Marie Montessori was the first women in Italy to earn what degree?

2. According to Portland State University, what were Edward Thorndike's great contributions to educational psychology?

3. According to Arkansas Encyclopedia, in what year was Eldridge Cleaver a candidate for the President of the United States?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1939 work by William Saroyan (according to the Author's Calendar):
CRASH MIST
 
 

Maria Montessori
Born on This Date 1870

[University of Muenster]

Educators of Note

Edward Thorndike
Edward Thorndike
Born on This Date 1874

[Furman University]

Psychology Education

Eldridge Cleaver
Eldridge Cleaver
Born on This Date 1935

[Amazon.com]

U.S. Civil Rights Movement

Itzhak Perlman
Itzhak Perlman
Born on This Date 1945

[Kennedy Center]

Classical Musicians

Deborah Kogan Ray
Deborah Kogan Ray
Born on This Date 1940

[Embracing the Child]

Primary Children's Authors American Artists

 
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National Trail Mix Day

Food & Nutrition ThinkQuest
Australia: White Rose Day
(In remembrance of the death of Princess Diana: 08/31)
Australia Princess Diana
Kyrgyzstan: Independence Day
(Commemorates Kyrgyzstan's declaration of independence from the Soviet Union: 08/31/1991)
Kyrgyzstan Soviet Union U.S. Department of State Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway
Malaysia: National Day
(Commemorates Malaysia's independence from Great Britain: 08/31/1957)
Malayasia Great Britain U.S. Department of State Islam Online
Moldova: Limba Nostra (National Language Day)
(Commemorates establishment of Romanian written in the Latin alphabet as state language: 08/31/1989)
Moldova U.S. Department of State Library of Congress
Trinidad and Tobago: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain: 08/31/1961)
Trinidad and Tobago Great Britain U.S. Department of State Blacknet
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1903 Elizabeth Sechrist (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors
1939 Dennis Lee (Canadian Poet, Children's Author) Canadian Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Poetry
1940 Deborah Kogan Ray (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Deborah Kogan Ray Primary Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1812 William Thompson (Ohio-born Journalist) Ohio Authors Georgia Journalism University of Georgia
1885 DuBose Heyward (South Carolina-born African-American Dramatist, Novelist and Poet) South Carolina Authors Poetry African American Registry
1905 Dore Schary (New Jersey-born Screenwriter, Playwright, Producer and Director) New Jersey Authors Filmmakers Plays
1907 William Shawn (Chicago-born Editor of New Yorker Magazine: 1952-1987) William Shawn Journalism New Yorker
1908 William Saroyan (California-born Novelist and Playwright) William Saroyan Plays
1916 Daniel Schorr (New York-born Journalist) Daniel Schorr Journalism National Public Radio
1918 Alan Jay Lerner (New York City-born Librettist and Lyricist for Stage and Screen: Camelot, My Fair Lady) Alan Jay Lerner Brigadoon Camelot My Fair Lady
Artists, Architects and Designers
1866 Georg Jensen (Danish Silversmith and Designer) Danish Artists Silver
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1945 Itzhak Perlman (Israeli Classical and Popular Violinist) Itzhak Perlman Classical Musicians Polio Special Needs Education
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1842 Mary Corinna Putnam Jacobi (English Physician) English Mathematicians and Scientists Medicine
1852 John Neville Keynes (English Philosopher and Economist) English Mathematicians and Scientists Economics Philosophy
1874 Edward Thorndike (Massachusetts-born Psychologist and Educator) Edward Thorndike Psychology Noted Educators
1884 George Sarton (Belgian-born American Founder of the Study of the History of Science) Belgian Scientists and Mathematicians Science History
Political and Social Leaders
1870 Maria Montessori (Italian Founder of the Montessori-Method of Education) Maria Montessori Educators of Note
1871 James Edward Ferguson (Governor of Texas) Texas Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1880 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Netherlands Political and Social Leaders
1907 Ramon Magsaysay (President of the Republic of the Philippines: 1953-57) Philippine Political & Social Leaders
Gus Hawkins (Louisiana-born African-American Congressman from California) Louisiana Political & Social Leaders California Political & Social Leaders U.S. Congress Noted African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1935 Eldridge Cleaver (Arkansas-born African-American Rights Advocate and Author: Soul on Ice) Eldridge Cleaver U.S. Civil Rights Movement American Authors African-American Political & Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1897 Fredric March (Wisconsin-born Actor) Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Film Plays Internet Movie Database Wisconsin Historical Society
1903 Arthur Godfrey (New York City-born Radio and Television Personality) New York City Performing Artists Radio Television Internet Movie Database
1905 Sanford Meisner (New York City-born Acting Instructor) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Education Internet Movie Database
1928 James Coburn (Nebraska-born Actor) Nebraska Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
1945 Van Morrison (Irish Popular Musician) Irish Performing Artists Popular Musicians Biography
1949 Richard Gere (Pennsylvania-born Actor) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
Sports Figures
1875 Eddie Plank (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1913 Ray Dandridge (Virginia-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Virginia Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1935 Frank Robinson (Texas-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1956 Edwin Moses (Ohio-born African-American Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Olympics Track and Field Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1968 Hideo Nomo (Japanese Professional Baseball Player) Japanese Sports Figures Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1800 John Blair (Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court
1818 Arthur St. Clair (Scottish-born U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania; Governor of the Northwest Territory) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress National Park Service
1841 Jean Baptiste Richardville (Chief of the Miami Indians in Indiana) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Miami Indians
1900 Collis Potter Huntington (Connecticut-born Railroad Builder) Connecticut Business Leaders Railroads Business
John Benett Lawes (English Agronomist) English Scientists & Mathematicians Farming & Agriculture Botany
1969 Rocky Marciano (Massachusetts-born Undefeated Heavyweight Boxing Champion of the World; Airplane Crash) Rocky Marciano International Boxing Hall of Fame Air Disasters
1997 Diana, Princess of Wales (Car Crash) Great Britain Princess Diana Automobiles
2002 Lionel Hampton (Kentucky-born African-American Jazz Percussionist) Lionel Hampton Jazz African-American Performing Artists
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Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1777 Indian Allies of the British Attack Fort Henry in Ohio Ohio Native American Studies Forts Revolutionary War The History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: At about 11 o'clock we left Pittsburgh with a party of about 11 people. We stopped at Bruno's Island and I tried out my new airgun. Unfortunately, when Mr. Cenas fired the gun a shot hit a woman and grazed her temple,
there was a lot of blood but she is fine now. When we left the island the river was very low and in one spot we had to get out and lift the boat about 30 yards. After a long hard day we enjoyed some whiskey and went to bed at 8 o'clock.
Pennsylvania Kentucky Medicine Lewis & Clark Map: 07/15/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition University of Kentucky
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Today I rose early and instructed Mr. Dorion to bring about peace with the Sioux,, Mohair, Pawnee, Ponckaries, Otiose, and the Missouri Indian tribes. In the late evening we gave Mr. Dorion a bottle of whiskey and he and the other Indians crossed the river and camped on the other side. It rained tonight and the wind was very violent. The river is now rising.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/27/04 Lewis & Clark Expedition Native American Tribes The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A fine morning Set out before Sun rise, as we passed the lodges at which place I had encamped for thre nights and left 2 men, Those 2 men joined us and we proceeded on in the Same rout I decended the 21st Instant,

halted 3 hours on Sammon Creek to Let our horses graze the wind hard from the S. W.

I met an Indian on horse back who fled with great Speed to Some lodges below & informed them that the Enemis were Coming down, armd with guns &c. the inhabitents of the Lodges indisceved him, we proceeded on the road on which I had decended as far as the 1st run below & left the road & Proceeded up the Run in a tolerable road 4 miles & Encamped in Some old lodjes at the place the road leaves the Creek and assends the high Countrey

Six Indians followed us four of them the Sons of our guide; our hunters killed one Deer a goose & Prarie fowl.

This day warm and Sultrey, Praries or open Valies on fire in Several places— The Countrey is Set on fire for the purpose of Collecting the different bands, and a Band of the Flatheads to go to the Missouri where They intend passing the winter near the Buffalow Proceeded on 22 miles to Day


Ordway: a fare morning. we Set out eairly and proceeded on 2 miles and passd. Several lodges of the Snake nation
of Indians who Stay here to fish. they catch Sammon in their pots and wires which they have made of willows across the River and have more or less in them everry morng. we bough a nomber of fine large Sammon of them and proceeded on.

one hunter on a head. one strange Indian seen which is Supposed to be one of the flat head nation he ran off, and
the Indians could not find him.

we then proceeded on over rough high hills. Some deep Gullies of white earth. Several of the natives followed us.
went about eight miles without water and halted at a large Spring branch to let our horses feed and dine ourselves.

Some pitch pine on the mountains which make near the River on each Side. the River bottoms narrow and verry
much dryed up. the Soil verry indifferent. we proceeded on over a level Smooth plain abt. 7 miles then passed the
end of a mountain near the River where the Stone lay one on an other & holes So that the horses could Scarsely git along without breaking their legs. we then proceeded on to a large Creek which falls in on the East Side of the River. we took a path up Sd. Creek and proceeded on found wild or choke cherrys along the branch. also Servis berrys which were ripe. we Camped at Some Indian lodges near the Creek. one of the hunters killed a Deer at dusk and brought it to Camp after dark.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: all wet and disagreeable this morning.

at half past 11 last night the wind Shifted about to the N. W. and it began to rain with hard Claps of thunder and lightning the Clouds passd over and the wind Shifted about to the S W. & blew with great violence So much So that all hands were obliged to hold the Canoes & Perogue to prevent their being blown off from the Sand bar, however a Suden Squal of wind broke the cables of the two Small canoes and with Some dificuelty they were got to Shore Soon after the 2 Canoes in which Sergt. Pryor and the indians go in broke loose with wiser and Willard in them and were blown quite across the river to the N E. Shore where fortunately they arived Safe,

I Sent Sergt. Jo Ordway with a Small perogue and 6 men to prosue the 2 Canoes and assist them in effecting a landing, those 2 Canoes being tied together 2 men could not manage them, the wind Slackened a little and by 2 A. M. Sergt Ordway with Willard wiser and the 2 Canoes returned all Safe, the wind continud to blow and it rained untill day light all wet and disagreeable.

all the party examind their arms and put them in order and we Set out and proceeded on down. Saw Several Indians on the hills untill we passed the Island of Cedar 9 A. M the morning Cloudy and wind down the the river at 4 P. M. passed the doome and lowest village of Barking Squirels. this is also the highest up the river where I observed the fox Squirel in the bottom above the doome on N. E Side I killed 2 fox Squirels. we Saw no game of any kind to day as the banks as usial. the Sun Shone with a number of flying Clouds. we encamped on he N. E. Side a little below our Encampment of the 5th of Septr. on no preserve Island haveing Come 70 Miles.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Charles Mix County, South Dakota Teton Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1809 Michigan's First Newspaper, The Michigan Essay or Impartial Observer, Is Printed Michigan Journalism State of Michigan
1812 Act Is Passed to Move the Seat of Louisiana Government from New Orleans to a "More Convenient Site" Louisiana Government Louisiana Secretary of State
1823 Italian Explorer Giacomo C. Beltrami Reaches and Names Minnesota's Lake Julia, Which He Incorrectly Identifies as the Source of the Mississippi River. Italian Explorers Minnesota North American Explorers Mississippi River Minnesota  Historical Society
1836 African-American Inventor, Henry Blair, Receives Patent for Cotton Seed Planter Maryland Mathematicians, Scientsts & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Farming & Agriculture African American Mathematicians, Scientsts & Inventors
1837 Ralph Waldo Emerson Delivers 'The American Scholar" Speech at Harvard Ralph Waldo Emerson Harvard University
1861 Delaware's Du Pont Company Receives a Contract From the Federal Government for 600,000 Pounds of Gunpowder Delaware American Civil War Business Du Pont Company State of Delaware
1863 The Federal Gem of the Sea Captures Confederate Sloop Richard American Civil War Naval History Florida State Historical Association
1864 Confederates Attack Sherman's Union Army at Jonesboro, GA Georgia Battle of Jonesboro History Channel
1867 Construction Begins on a Segregated School for African-Americans in Milton, Delaware Milton, Delaware Education Racism State of Delaware
1886 First Fatal Earthquake in the U.S. Rocks Charleston, South Carolina, Killing 100+ People Charleston, South Carolina Earthquakes Death Historic Firsts USGS
1888 Body of Mary Ann Nichols, Probable Victim of Jack the Ripper, Found in London Jack the Ripper Crime Death Metropolitan Police
1896 Japanese Steamship Miiki Maru Arrives at the Port of Seattle Japan Washington Business & Economics Naval History State of Washington
1897 Thomas Edison Receives U.S. Patent for the "Kinetoscope" Thomas Edison Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks The Kinetoscope The Library of Congress
1899 F.O. Stanley Climbs Mount Washington in His Steam-powered Locomobile New Hampshire Massachusetts Scientists & Inventors Automobiles Inventors & Inventions Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Walter Reed Uses Human Subject to Test Mosquito Theory of Yellow Fever Walter Reed Yellow Fever Medical Research Mosquito University of Virginia
Coca-Cola Is First Sold in Great Britain England Foods & Nutrition Coca-Cola
1903 For the 3rd Time in a Month, Joe McGinnity Starts/Wins Both Games of a Doubleheader New York City Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1906 Elizabeth Hutchinson Broward Is First Child Born to a Sitting Florida Governor Florida Florida State Historical Association
1909 Injection of a Chemical Agent into a Rabbit Is First Application of Chemotherapy Medical Research Chemistry PBS
1910 Glenn Curtiss Sets Record for Longest Flight Over Water: 63 mi over Lake Erie Ohio Aviation History Historic Firsts Cedar Point
1912 Oregon's Governor Cracks Down on Illegal Liquor Sales in the State Oregon Government Substance Abuse Law and Legal Resources SalemOregon.com
1921 John A. Macready Flies First Successful Aerial Crop Duster Near Dayton, OH Ohio Aviation History Farming & Agriculture Historic Firsts U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission
1928 Kurt Weill's "Die Dreigroschenoper" (The Threepenny Opera) Is First Performed in Berlin Kurt Weill Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1929 The Foshay Tower Is Dedicated in Minneapolis, Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota Architecture Minnesota  Historical Society Minnesota  Historical Society
Kohler Line Air Service Commences Passenger Service From Milwaukee Across Lake Michigan Milwaukee, Wisconsin Aviation History Lake Michigan Wisconsin Historical Society
1935 President Roosevelt Signs Act Prohibiting Export of U.S. Arms to Belligerents Franklin Roosevelt The American Presidency War International Trade Mt. Holyoke College
1936 Puerto Rico's Sixto Escobar Wins World Bantamweight Boxing Championship Puerto Rican Sports Figures International Boxing Hall of Fame Latin-American Sports Figures El Boricua
1939 In Newport News, Virginia, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt Christens the America, the Nations' Largest Passenger Ship Newport News, Virginia Eleanor Roosevelt Naval History Virginia Historical Society
1943 Julien Dubuque Bridge, Painted Grey for Protection Against Aerial Attack, Opens Across the Mississippi Between Iowa and Illinois Iowa Illinois Bridges World War II Iowa Department of Transportation Iowa State Historical Society
1944 British Break the German's Gothic Line in Northern Italy Great Britain Italy Nazi Germany World War II The History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Brooklyn Dodger, Gil Hodges, Hits 4 Home Runs in a 9-inning Game Against the Boston Braves New York City Sports Figures Indiana Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball Official Web Site New York Historical Society
1951 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Douglas Calls for Recognition of Communist China China William O. Douglas U.S. Supreme Court The Cold War The History Channel
1953 Indianapolis-born Alaskan Senator, Ted Stevens, Is Appointed as the U.S. District Attorney in Fairbanks, His First Government Job in Alaska Alaskan Political and Social Leaders Indianapolis Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Alaska Historical Society
1954 Hurricane Carol Hits NE U.S., 65+ Dead & Millions of Dollars in Damage Hurricanes Death NewsDay
1957 Malaysia Gains Independence from Great Britain Malayasia Great Britain BBC
Final Episode of the Children's Puppet Show Kukla, Fran and Ollie Is Televised Family Television Puppets The History Channel
1959 Prime Minister Macmillan & President Eisenhower Broadcast Live Harold Mcmillan Dwight Eisenhower Television Cold War BBC
1960 Federal Charter Issued to Establish National Agricultural Center & Hall of Fame U.S. Congress President Eisenhower Farming & Agriculture National Agricultural Center and Hall of Fame
1961 Caribbean Islands of Trinidad & Tobago Gain Independence from Great Britain Trinidad and Tobago Great Britain Blacknet
President Kennedy Commemorates the 50th Anniversary of the Wisconsin Worker's Compensation Act, the First Such Law in America Wisconsin Government President John F. Kennedy Labor Law & Legal Resources Wisconsin Historical Society
1967 U.S. Senate Committee Calls for Increased Bombing in Vietnam U.S. Congress Vietnam War The History Channel
1969 Boxer Rocky Marciano Dies in a Light Airplane Crash in Iowa Rocky Marciano Iowa Air Disasters Death International Boxing Hall of Fame
1972 Soviet Gymnast Olga Korbut Wins Two Gold Medals at Munich Olympics Soviet Union Munich Olympic Games International Gymnastics Hall of Fame New York Times
1977 Ian Smith Wins Overwhelming Victory in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) General Election Zimbabwe Elections BBC
1979 Howard-Koomur-Michels Is First Recorded Comet to Collide with the Sun The Sun Comets Historic Firsts Melbourne Planetarium
The First West Virginia Italian Heritage Festival Begins in Clarksburg Italy Clarksburg, West Virginia Immigration Historic Firsts West Virginia Italian Heritage Festival West Virginia State Archvies
1980 17-day Strike Ends with Formal Acceptance of the Polish Labor Union Solidarity Solidarity Labor & Labor Unions Polish Embassy
1983 Edwin Moses Sets the 400m Hurdle World Record (47.02s) in Koblenz, Germany Germany Ohio Sports Figures Track and Field Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1986 Jetliner and Small Private Plane Collide over Cerritos, CA: 82 Die California Air Disasters Death National Transportation and Safety Board
1989 Moldavia Establishes Romanian as the State Language Moldova Library of Congress
Separation of Princess Anne from Captain Mark Phillips Made Public Great Britain Princess Anne BBC
1990 Ken Griffey Sr & Jr. First Father & Son to Play in Same Major League Game Baseball African American Sports Figures Historic Firsts NBC Sports
1991 Kyrgyzstan Adopts a Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union Kyrgyzstan Soviet Union Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway
Uzbekistan Adopts a Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union Uzbekistan Soviet Union Country Studies
1992 11-day Siege Ends with Surrender of White Separatist, Randy Weaver Idaho Racism Crime Crime Library
1993 Russia Withdraws Its Last Soldiers from Lithuania Russia Lithuania Russian News Network
1994 Last Russian Soldiers Begin Leaving Berlin Russia Germany Soviet Union The Cold War The Berlin Assignment
Irish Republican Army Declares Cease-fire in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland BBC
1997 Princess Diana and Companion Dodi al-Fayed Die in Paris Car Accident Great Britain Paris Princess Diana Automobiles Death BBC
1998 North Korea Fires a Ballistic Missile over Japan Korea Japan Nuclear Weapons CNN
U.S. Closes Embassies in Ghana and Togo Due to Security Threats Ghana Togo Terrorism International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2001 Bronx Team Must Forfeit League World Series Wins for Using Over-aged Player New York Baseball Little League Baseball World Series Sports Illustrated
2005 Mayor of New Orleans Orders Complete Evacuation Following Hurricane Katrina New Orleans Alabama Missisippi Hurricane Katrina Flooding Death
2010 U.S. President Obama Announces End of U.S. Combat Operations in Iraq Iraq President Barack Obama's Announcement Middle East War