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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who did Bobby Fischer defeat to win the International Chess Championship on this date in 1972? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which country celebrates this date as Teacher's Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Houghton Mifflin, what list does Patricia McMahon use to guide her travels? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a classical composer, conductor or performer born on this date:

1. Why was the Pennsylvania Railroad shut down on this date in 1960? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Louisville, why did George T. McWhorter give his Edgar Rice Burroughs collection to the university? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to East Carolina University, why did Rosa Guy quit school at the age of 14? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Rosa Guy (according to the African American Literature Book Club):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Cambridge University, what problem was Francis Aston attempting to solve when he invented the mass spectrograph?

2. According to the AFL CIO, why was Walter Reuther fired from his job as an apprentice tool-and-die maker?

3. According to the Gale Group, why was Gloria Estefan's father held prisoner in Cuba?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1932 work of Arthur Upfield (according to the Authors' Calendar):
Edgar Rice Burroughs
Edgar Rice Burroughs
Born on This Date 1875


American Authors

Francis Aston
Francis Aston
Born on This Date 1877

[Nobel Foundation]

Mass Spectography 1922 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Walter Reuther
Walter Reuther
Born on This Date 1907



Rosa Guy
Rosa Guy
Born on This Date 1925

[East Carolina University]

Young-adult Author

Gloria Estefan
Gloria Estefan
Born on This Date 1957

Popular Musicians

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
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Eritrea: Anniversary of the Start of the Armed Struggle
(Commemorates the start of the armed struggle for independence from Ethiopia: 09/01/1961)
Eritrea Ethiopia U.S. Department of State
Japan: Disaster Prevention Day
(Observed on this date each year since 1960 to elevate the population's disaster preparedness )
Japan Earthquakes Hurricanes Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Libya: Revolution Day
(Commemorates the military overthrow of King Idris: 09/01/1969)
Libya BBC
Slovakia: Constitution Day
(Commemorates adoption of the Slovak constitution: 09/01/1992)
Slovakia U.S. Department of State
Uzbekistan: Independence Day
(Observed September 1 to commemorate declaration of independence issued 08/31/1991)
Uzbekistan Soviet Union
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1905 Edna M. Cameron (Texas-born Children's Author) Texas Authors & Illustrators Alaska Primary Authors
1912 Witold (W.T.) Mars (Polish Children's Author, Illustrator) Polish Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors Artists
1925 Rosa Guy (Trinidad-born African-American/Hispanic Children's Author) Rosa Guy Young-adult Author African-American Authors & Illustrators Hispanic-American Authors & Illustrators
1942 C. J. Cherryh (Missouri-born Children's Author) Missouri Authors & Illustrators Young Adult Authors Official Website
1946 Jim Arnosky (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists Official Website
1952 Patricia McMahon (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young Adult Authors Houghton Mifflin
1955 Christopher Wormell (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1868 Frank McKiney Hubbard (Indiana Journalist, Cartoonist Who Created Brown County Philosopher Abe Martin) Indiana Authors Journalism Artists Philosophy
1875 Edgar Rice Burroughs (Chicago-born Novelist: Tarzan) Edgar Rice Burroughs
1887 Frederic Sauser-Hall (Blaise Cendrars: Swiss Poet) Frederic Sauser-Hall Poetry
1888 Arthur Upfield (English Author) Arthur Upfield
1906 Eleanor Burford Hibbert (English Author) Eleanor Burford Hibbert
1928 Robert Pirsig (Minnesota-born Author) Robert Pirsig
Artists, Architects and Designers
1608 Giacomo Torelli (Italian Stage Designer and Engineer) Italian Artists & Designers Stage & Theater
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1653 Johann Pachelbel (German Composer of Protestant Church Music Including His Canon in D) Johann Pachelbel
1854 Engelbert Humperdinck (German Composer) Engelbert Humperdinck Opera
1910 Peggy van Praagh (English-born Ballet Dancer; Founder of the Australian Ballet) English Performing Artists Ballet Australian Ballet
Arturo Somohano Portela (Puerto Rican Composer) Puerto Rican Composers & Songwriters American Composers Latin-American Heritage
1935 Seiji Ozawa (The First Japanese Conductor to Achieve Prominence in the Western World) Japanese Performing Artists Classical Musicians Writer's Almanac
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1877 Francis Aston (English 1922 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Francis Aston Atomic Theory Mass Spectography Physics 1922 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1906 Karl August Folkers (Illinois-born Chemist Who First Isolated Vitamin B-12) Illinois Scientists & Mathematicians Drugs, Medicines, Vitamins & Supplements National Academy of Science
Political and Social Leaders
1827 Elisha Baxter (North Carolina-born Governor of Arkansas: 1873-1874) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Arkansas History Commission
1907 Walter Reuther (West Virginia-born Labor Leader; President of United Automobile Workers Union: 1946-70) Walter Reuther Labor Leaders UAW
1933 Ann Richards (Governor of Texas) Texas Political and Social Leaders
The Notorious
1902 Carlo Gambino (Italian-born American Organized Crime Leader) Notorious Italians Crime
Performing Artists
1898 Marilyn Miller (Indiana-born Stage and Film Musical Comedy Actress) Indiana Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Internet Broadway Database
1920 Richard Farnsworth (Los Angeles-born Actor) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Television
1925 Art Pepper (California-born Alto Sax Jazz Musician) California Performing Artists Jazz Writer's Almanac
1922 Yvonne De Carlo (Canadian Actress) Yvonne De Carlo Actors Film
1931 Boxcar Willie (Texas-born Country and Western Singer) Texas Performing Artists Country Musicians Internet Movie Database
1933 Conway Twitty (Mississippi-born Country and Western Singer) Mississippi Performing Artists Country Musicians
1939 Lily Tomlin (Detroit-born Actress) Lily Tomlin Actors Television Film Stage
1946 Barry Gibb (English Popular Musician) Barry Gibb Popular Musicians
1957 Gloria Estefan (Cuban-born Latin-American Popular Singer) Gloria Estefan Popular Musicians Hispanic Performing Artists
Sports Figures
1866 James J. Corbett (San Francisco-born Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) San Francisco Sports Figures International Boxing Hall of Fame
1906 Rocky Marciano (Massachusetts-born Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Rocky Marciano International Boxing Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1150 Pope Adrian IV (English-born Catholic Pope) English Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholic Popes
1867 Lillian Wald (Ohio-born World War I Nurse, Anti-War Activist) Lillian Wald Medicine World War I
1977 Ethel Waters (Pennsylvania-born African-American Singer, Actress) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Actors Film African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1988 Luis Alvarez (San Francisco-born Latin-American 1968 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Luis Alvarez Sub-Atomic Particles The Atomic Bomb Latin American Studies 1968 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1989 Bart Giamatti (Massachusetts-born Commissioner of Baseball) Massachusetts Sports Figures Baseball Nationmaster
1773 Phillis Wheatley's First Volume of Poetry Is Published in London Phillis Wheatley Poetry African-American Poets Library of Congress
1796 U.S. Troops Take Formal Possession of Fort Mackinac from the British Michigan Forts American Revolution State of Michigan
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: When we awoke this morning the water was covered with a thick fog, we could only see 40 paces in front of us. We waited until the sun melted away the fog and proceeded at 8 o'clock. Fog seems to be very common in Ohio at this time of year. We ran into much difficulty today on account of the riffle called Woolery's Trap. We had to unload all of the boat's contents try and lift the boat over the trap. Finding this impractical we found a man with a team of oxen to help us. With all of this difficulty we stayed and remained all night, having made only ten miles today.
Ohio Keelboats Lewis & Clark Expedition Oxen Lewis & Clark Map: 09/01/03 University of Kentucky
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Renewed our voyage. We set out with a small gentle breeze. Mr. Dorion left his kettle and had to sent back for it. We passed by the whitish to yellowish chalk along the sides of the river walls. The hills come close to the river; and are so near on both sides, as not to be more than two miles from each other. The sides of the river are about 170 feet high and the high lands approach the river from each side. It was cloudy all day and it began to rain. We saw a beaver house today but we could not find the opening. Drewyer killed an elk and a beaver after night and a number of catfish were caught.
Nebraska South Dakota Lewis & Clark Expedition Lewis & Clark Map: 09/01/04 Beaver Elk Fish The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning Set out early and proceeded on over high ruged hills passing the heads of the Small runs which fall into the river on our left to a large Creek which falls into the river 6 miles to our left and encamped in the bottom,

Some rain to day at 12 and in the evening which obliges us to Continu all night despatched 2 men to the mouth of the Creek to purchase fish of the Indians at that place, They returned with Some dried, we giged 4 Sammon & killed one Deer to Day.

the Countrey which we passed to day is well watered & broken Pore Stoney hilly country except the bottoms of the Creek which is narrow, all the Indians leave us except our Guide, one man Shot two bear this evining unfortunately we Could git neither of them

Ordway: we Set out at Sun rise and proceeded on up a high mountain at the first pich one of the horses fell backward and roled over, but did not hurt him much. we proceeded on up and down the high mountains Crossed Several Creeks the water of which was verry cold. considerable of pine and cotton timber along each of those branches, and pleanty of Servis berrys which are verry Sweet and good at this time.

in the afternoon we had Several Shower of rain and a little hail. we descended a mountain down in to a valley through which runs a large Creek we went on a Short distance up the valley and Camped at Some old Lodges.

we giged Several Sammon in this Creek. three men went down to the mouth of the creek and bought about 25 pounds of dryed Sammon and Sammon rose [roe?] with a fiew Small articles.

our hunters killed a Deer and wounded 2 bear at dusk. we Came 23 miles this day. we find abundance of wild or choke Cherries which are now ripe in this bottom we gethered and boiled Some which eat verry well. Several Small Showers of rain this evening.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Musquitors very troublesom last night, we set out at the usial hour and had not proceeded on far before the fog became So thick that we were oblige to come too and delay half an hour for the fog to pass off which it did in Some measure and we again proceded on

R. Jo. Fields and Shannon landed on an Ponceras Island to try to kill Some deer which was Seen on the beech and the Canoes all passed them at 9 A. M

we passed the enterance of River Quiequur which had the Same appearance it had when we passed up water rapid and of a milky white Colour about two miles below the Quicurre, 9 Indians ran down the bank and beckened to us to land, they appeared to be a war party, and I took them to be Tetons and paid no kind of attention to them further than an enquirey to what tribe they belonged, they did not give me any answer, I prosume they did not understand the man who Spoke to them as he Spoke but little of their language.

as one Canoe was yet behind we landed in an open Commanding Situation out of Sight of the indians deturmined to delay untill they Came up. about 15 minits after we had landed Several guns were fired by the indians, which we expected was at the three men behind. I calld out 15 men and ran up with a fill deturmination to Cover them if possible let the number of the indians be what they might. Capt Lewis hobled up on the bank and formed the remainder of the party in a Situation well calculated to defend themselves and the Canoes &c.

when I had proceeded to the point about 250 yards I discovered the Canoe about 1 mile above & the indians where we had left them. I then walked on the Sand beech and the indians came down to meet me I gave them my hand and enquired of them what they were Shooting at, they informed me that they were Shooting off their guns at an old Keg which we had thrown out of one of the Canoes and was floating down.

those Indians informed me they were Yanktons, one of the men with me knew one of the Indians to be the brother of young Durion's wife. finding those indians to be Yanktons I invited them down to the boats to Smoke. when we arived at the canoes they all eagerly Saluted the Mandan Chief, and we all Set and Smoked Several pipes.

I told them that we took them to be a party of Tetons and the fireing I expected was at the three men in the rear Canoe and I had went up with a full intention to kill them all if they had been tetons & fired on the Canoe as we first expected, but finding them Yanktons and good men we were glad to See them and take them by the hand as faithfull Children who had opened their ears to our Councils.

one of them Spoke and Said that their nation had opened their years, & done as we had directed them ever Since we gave the Meadel to their great Chief, and Should Continue to do as we had told them we enquired if any of their Chiefs had gone down with Mr. Durion, the answered that their great Chief and many of their brave men had gone down, that the white people had built a house near the Mahar village where they traded.

we tied a piec of ribon to each mans hair and gave them Some Corn of which they appeared much pleased. The Mandan Cheif gave a par of elegant Legins to the principal man of the indian party, which is an indian fashion.

the Canoe & 3 men haveing joined us we took our leave of this party telling them to return to their band and listen to our councils which we had before given to them. Their band of 80 Lodges were on plum Creek a fiew miles to north. those nine men had five fusees and 4 bows & quivers of arrows.

at 2 P. M we came too on the upper point of bon homme opposit the antient fortification and Sent out men to hunt on each Side and on the island. and the canoes on each Side of the island to receive any meat might be killed

I walked on the N. E. main Shore found the bottom rich and thickly covered with Peavine rich weed grass interwoven in Such a manner with grape vines that I could not get through and was obliged to assend a high plains the passing through which I also found tiresom. the grass was nearly as high as my head and the musquitors excessively bad.

at the lower point of the Island all the Canoes & hunters Came together. Labeech killed an Elk only the flesh of which was brought on in the perogue. at this island we brought 2 years together or on the 1st of Septr. 1804 we Encamped at the lower point of this Island.

after we all Came together we again proceeded on down to a large Sand bar imediately opposit to the place were we met the Yanktons in Council at the Calumet Bluffs and which place we left on the 1t of Septr. 1804. I observed our old flag Staff or pole Standing as we left it.

the musquitors excessively troublesom untill about 10 P. M. when the S W wind became Strong and blew the most of them off.

we came 52 miles to day only with a head wind. the Country on either Side are butifull and the plains much richer below the Queiquer river than above the river

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Yankton County, South Dakota Yankton Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1807 Former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr Is Found Not Guilty of Treason Aaron Burr Law & Legal Resources University of Missouri, Kansas City
1820 Residents of Milledgeville, GA Begin Dispensing Lands Ceded by Cherokees in 1819 Georgia Cherokee Indians University of Georgia
1823 Smith Thompson (NY) Sworn In As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court New York Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1836 Missionaries, Narcissa and Marcus Whitman, Arrive in Walla Walla, Washington Narcissa and Marcus Whitman Religion Westward Expansion The History Channel
1849 48 Delegates Gather at Colton Hall in Monterey to Establish a Civil Government for American California Monterey, California LearnCalifornia
1851 In Minnesota, Cass and Chisago Counties Are Created Minnesota Cities and Counties Minnesota Historical Society
1858 First Edition of Gray's Anatomy Is Published Medicine Literature Education Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1859 Richard Carrington Is the First Person to Witness a Solar Flare Solar Flares Historic Firsts NASA
1861 Luther College (now located in Decorah. Iowa) Opens in Halfway Creek, Wisconsin Wisconsin Education Iowa Education Education Luther College Wisconsin Historical Society
1862 Lee's Army Defeats Union Troops in Driving Thunderstorm at Chantilly, Virginia Robert E. Lee Battle of Chantilly The History Channel
1863 Santos Benavides' Confederate Troops Pursue Bandit Octaviano Zapata into Mexico Mexcio American Civil War Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Society
1864 Sherman's Pressure Forces Hood's Confederate Troops to Evacuate Atlanta Atlanta Atlanta Library of Congress
1870 German Victory over the French at the Battle of Sedan Effectively Decides the Outcome of the Franco-Prussian War Germany France European History War German Historical Institute
1894 A Forest Fire Kills 413 People and Burns 160,000 Acres of Timberland Around Hinckley, Minnesota Hinckley, Minnesota Trees Fire Safety Death Minnesota Historical Society
1897 The First Section of the Boston Subway System Is Opened Boston Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority
1899 The First Issue of the St. Augustine Record Is Published Florida Journalism Florida State Historical Society
In Delaware, Wilmington High School Opens Wilmington, Delaware Education State of Delaware
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 Helen Keller Is First Deaf & Blind College Graduate (Radcliffe) Helen Keller Special Needs Education Education Historic Firsts Radcliffe Writer's Almanac
1905 Alberta & Saskatchewan Enter Confederation as 8th & 9th Canadian Provinces Canada The Alberta Act: Canadian Department of Justice The Saskatchewan Act: Solon Law
Honus Wagner Agrees to Place His Signature on Louisville Slugger Bats Honus Wagner Baseball Hall of Fame Louisville Slugger
1906 Roald Amundsen and the Gjoa Reach Nome, Alaska, Completing the First Traverse of the Northwest Passage Roald Amundsen Nome, Alaska Explorers Naval History Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1914 Martha, the Last Surviving Passenger Pigeon Dies at the Cincinnati Zoo Ohio Pigeons Endangered Species Wild Birds Unlimited Writer's Almanac
1918 William Vinson & James Elkins Found Their Houston Law Firm Texas Law & Legal Resources Vinson & Elkins Texas State Historical Society
Residents of Hibbing, Minnesota Begin Moving Its Buildings So That the Iron Ore Deposit Located Beneath the Town Can Be Mined Hibbing, Minnesota Labor Iron Minnesota Historical Society
1919 20,000 Members of Various Oregon Trade Unions March through Downtown Portland Portland, Oregon Labor
1920 The Iowa State Juvenile Home Opens in Toledo Iowa Child Advocacy Iowa State Historical Society
USS S-5 Submarine Sinks During a Practice Dive in the Delaware Bay; the 40-man Crew Is Rescued Delaware Submarines U.S. Navy
1923 Earthquake Strikes Tokyo and Yokohama: 150,000 Killed, 2M Homeless Japan Earthquake Death St. Louis University
1925 Bank of Mexico Begins Operation Issuing and Regulating Mexican Currency Mexico Economic Institutions Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
The New Castle-Pennsville Ferry Opens to Connect Delaware with New Jersey Across the Delaware River New Castle, Delaware Pennsville, New Jersey Rivers Boats State of Delaware
1932 New York City Mayor Jimmy Walker Resigns Amid Corruption Charges New York City Politics Crime New York City
1934 400,000 American Textile Workers Begin a Nationwide Strike Labor Job Actions Great Depression Alabama State Archives
1939 World War II Begins As Nazi Germany Invades Poland Poland Nazi Germany Nazi Invasion of Poland BBC Writer's Almanac
1941 Workers Begin Dismantling the Duluth and Northeastern Railroad, the Last Logging Line to Operate in Minnesota Minnesota Business Trees Railroad Minnesota Historical Society
1942 California Federal Court Upholds Wartime Detention of Japanese-Americans California Japanese-American Heritage Law and Legal Resources World War II University of Pittsburgh School of Law
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 United States, Australia and New Zealand Sign ANZUS Mutual Defense Treaty Australia New Zealand Historic U.S. Documents World History Yale University
1954 Self-employed Farmers Added to Social Security Coverage Farming & Agriculture Social Security The History Channel
1957 Elvis Presley Performs at Seattle's Sicks Stadium Washington Elvis Presley Popular Musicians State of Washington
1959 Elizabeth Taylor Signs for Lead in 20th Century Fox's Cleopatra Cleopatra Elizabeth Taylor Film The History Channel
1960 Labor Dispute Shuts Down Pennsylvania Railroad for First Time in 114 Years Railroad Labor Job Actions The History Channel
1961 Soviets End Moratorium on Nuclear Testing with 16 KTon Blast in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War Commonwealth of Australia
Eritrean Liberation Front Initiates 30-year Armed Struggle for Independence Eritrea Ethiopia
1967 First Commercial Electricity from Boundary Dam Reaches Seattle Washington Dams State of Washington
1969 Bloodless Military Coup Deposes King Idris of Libya Libya BBC
1970 Senate Defeats McGovern-Hatfield Deadline for Vietnam Troop Withdrawal U.S. Senate Vietnam War The History Channel
1972 Bobby Fischer Defeats Boris Spassky for International Chess Championship Bobby Fischer Chess Cold War Courseworkbank
1976 Wall Street Journal Publishes First Edition for Europe Journalism Business & Economics The History Channel
1981 Bloodless Coup Ousts President David Dacko of the Central African Republic Central African Republic BBC
1982 President Jose Lopez Portillo Nationalizes Mexico's Banking Industry Mexico Economic Institutions Mexico Connect
1983 Soviet Fighter Jet Shoots Down Korean Air Lines 747: All 269 Aboard Die 747 Disaster Soviet Union Cold War Air Disasters Death Washington Post
1984 Tina Turner Tops the Charts with "What's Love Got to Do With It?" Tina Turner Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists The History Channel
1985 U. S.-French Expedition Locates Remains of the Titanic Off Newfoundland Coast Newfoundland The Titanic Smithsonian Institution
1992 The Slovak Republic Passes Its Constitution Slovakia Slovak Republic
1994 Last Russian Soldiers Leave Berlin Russia Germany Soviet Union The Cold War International Herald Tribune
1997 Discovery of "Exotic Meson" Announced in Physical Review Letters Sub-atomic Particles Physics Brookhaven National Laboratory
Investigators Claim Driver of Car in Princess Diana Fatality Drunk & Speeding Great Britain Princess Diana BBC
1998 Mark McGwire's Home Runs 56 & 57 Break National League Season Record Baseball Baseball Almanac
Historical Events Occurring from 2000  to Present
2005 Survivors Panic & Loot Stricken Areas Following Hurricane Katrina New Orleans Alabama Missisippi Hurricane Katrina Flooding Death
New Orleans Flood Victims Are Bused to Houston, Texas New Orleans Texas Hurricane Katrina Flooding
U.S. Congress Passes $10.5 Billion Relief Package for Victims of Hurricane Katrina U.S. Congress Louisiana Mississippi Alabama Economics Hurricane Katrina Flooding