for

SEPTEMBER 3

 
 

Australia
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Why does Australia celebrate National Flag Day on September 3? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Above what building was the Australian flag first flown? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, how was Frederick Douglass dressed when he escaped from slavery? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Aliki (according to the University of Calgary) SOAR BONUS DINE
INTERMEDIATE

1. The Republic of San Marino is traditionally considered to have been founded in what year? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame, why was Prudence Crandall's Canterbury Female Boarding School forced to close? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Fact Monster, on the Third Crusade, Richard I had to abandon his attempt to seize what city? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Sarah Orne Jewett (according to The New York Times):
HE PAVE END
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to National Geographic, what did Charles Houston recommend to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1934?

2. According to his official website biography, what four comic strips did Mort Walker originate?

3. According to the Holocaust History Project, what did Ferdinand Porsche design for Nazi Germany?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Frank Capra movie (according to Writer's Almanac):
TON PAN IN DEEP HEIGHT
 
 

Prudence Crandall
Born on This Date in 1803

[State of Connecticut]

EducatorAbolitionist



Ferdinand Porsche
Born on This Date 1875

[Official Website]

Automobile Designer/Manufacturer


Charles Houston
Born on This Date 1895

[University of Missouri
Kansas City]

Attorney


Mort Walker
Born on This Date 1923

[King Syndicate]

Cartoonist


Aliki Brandenberg
Born on This Date 1929

[University of Calgary]

Young-adult Author

 
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 Holidays
Icon
Australia: National Flag Day
(Commemoration of first flying of the Australian flag: 09/03/1901)
Australia Australian National Flag Association
Republic of San Marino: San Marino Day
(Celebration of the traditional founding of San Marino in 301 )
Republic of San Marino San Marino Site
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1849 Sarah Orne Jewett (Maine-born Novelist, Children's Author) Sarah Orne Jewett Young Adult Authors
1914 Tom Glazer (Pennsylvania-born Folk Singer, Songwriter, Children's Author) Pennsylvania Children's Authors Folk Musicians Primary Children's Authors
1926 Alison Lurie (Chicago-born Novelist Awarded the 1985 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction; Children's Author) Chicago Children's Authors Primary Children's Authors 1985 Pulitzer Prize Wired for Books
1929 Aliki Brandenberg (New Jersey-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Aliki Brandenberg American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1653 Roger North (English Lawyer, Historian, Biographer English Authors
1900 Sally Benson (Missouri-born Playwright, Short-Story Writer, Essayist Missouri Authors Plays Writer's Almanac
1907 Loren Eiseley (Nebraska-born Scientist, Author) Nebraska Authors Science
1915 Américo Paredes (Texas-born Folklorist, Scholar, Educator) Américo Paredes Folktale Educators of Note Latin-American Authors
1938 Caryl Lesley Churchill (English Playwright) English Authors Plays Biography.com
1940 Eduardo Galeano (Uruguayan Journalist, Political Activist) Eduardo Galeano Journalism
Artists, Architects and Designers
1856 Louis Henry Sullivan (Massachusetts-born Architect) Louis Henry Sullivan Architecture
1875 Ferdinand Porsche (Austrian Engineer; Patriarch of Porsche Cars) Ferdinand Porsche Automobiles Artists & Designers The Holocaust Business & Economics
1923 Mort Walker (Kansas-born Cartoonist; Creator of "Beetle Bailey" and "Hi and Lois") Mort Walker Cartoons & Comics American Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1910 Dorothy Maynor (Virginia-born African-American Operatic Singer) Virginia Performing Artists Opera African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1728 Mathew Boulton (English Engineer, Industrialist Who Produced Steam Engines with James Watt) English Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Steam Engines Historic UK
1869 Fritz Pregl (Austrian Chemist; 1923 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Fritz Pregl 1923 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1888 Thomas Milton Rivers (Georgia-born Virologist Who Helped Develop the Polio Vaccine) Georgia Scientists & Mathematicians Polio University of Georgia
1899 Macfarlane Burnet (Australian Physician, Virologist; 1960 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Australian Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research 1960 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
1938 Ryoji Noyori (Japanese Chemist; 2001 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Ryoji Noyori 2001 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
Business Leaders
1803 Mark Hopkins (New York-born Capitalist Who Helped Build the Central Pacific Railroad) New York Business Leaders Railroads
1860 Edward Filene (Massachusetts-born Department-store Entrepreneur, Financial Reformer, Philanthropist) <Massachusetts Business Leaders Philanthropy
Political & Social Leaders
1803 Prudence Crandall (Rhode Island-born Quaker Educator, Abolitionist) Prudence Crandall Connecticut's Political & Social Leaders Educators of Note Quaker Religion Abolition
1811 John Humphrey Noyes (Vermont-born Founder of New York's Oneida Community) Vermont Political & Social Leaders Oneida, New York New York History Net
1831 Henry Laurens Mitchell (Alabama-born 16th Governor of Florida) Alabama Political & Social Leaders Florida Political & Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
1895 Charles Houston (District of Columbia-born African-American Attorney, Civil Rights Advocate) Charles Houston Civil Rights Law & Legal Resources African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1965 Charlie Sheen (New York City-born Latin-American Actor) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television Film Latin-American Performing Artists Biography.com
Sports Figures
1986 Shaun White (California-born Professional Skateboarder) California Sports Figures Biography.com
Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1588 Richard Tarleton (English Comedic Actor) English Performing Artists Chambers Book of Days
1658 Oliver Cromwell (Lord Protector of England) Oliver Cromwell
1881 Father Caspar Rehrl (Missionary, Teacher Who Organized More Than 15 Parishes in Eastern Wisconsin) Wisconsin Political and Social Leader Theologians and Religious Leaders Catholicism Wisconsin Historical Society
1895 William Carrol Crawford (North Carolina-born Minister, Postmaster: Last Surviving Signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence) North Carolina Political and Social Leader Texas Political and Social Leader Texas State Historical Association
1962 e.e. cummings (Massachusetts-born Author) e.e. cummings American Authors
1970 Vince Lombardi (New York City-born Football Coach; Member of the Football Hall of Fame) Vince Lombardi Football Hall of Fame
1991 Frank Capra (Italian-American Film Director) Frank Capra Film
2005 William Rehnquist (Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders CNN
Icon Icon
1189 Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) Is Crowned King of England British History Richard I New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1752 September 3 Is September 14: Great Britain and Colonies Change to Gregorian Calendar Breat Britain Colonial America Gregorian Calendar University of Georgia Virginia Historical Society Greenwich Guide
1774 George Washington Stays Overnight in New Castle, Delaware Traveling From His Home in Mount Vernon, Virginia to the Continental Congress, Philadelphia New Castle, Delaware George Washington American Revolution State of Delaware
1777 The American Flag Is Flown in Battle for the First Time at a Skirmish at Cooch's Bridge, Maryland Maryland U.S. Flags and Symbols American Revolution Firsts History Channel
1779 A French Fleet of 22 Ships and 4,000 Men Arrives Off the Georgia Coast to Help Take Savannah from the British Great Britain France Savannah, Georgia Naval Military History American Revolution University of Georgia
1783 Treaty of Paris Signing Ends the American Revolution American Revolution Treaty of Paris Writer's Almanac Library of Congress History Channel Minnesota Historical Society Wisconsin Historical Society
1798 Spanish Begin Invasion of Belize at St. Georges Caye Belize Spain Great Britain BelizeNow
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: It was foggy again when I woke up this morning and about 63 degrees Fahrenheit. Even the river was about 75 degrees, the 12 degree difference is what makes the vapor. Because of the fog we were unable to start until 9 o'clock this morning. A wealthy merchant of Philadelphia, Mr. Gui Briant, arrived with two boats filled with furs. Mr. Briant said that if I can reach the Georgetown Bar, 24 miles away, I will be okay. We passed a riffle just below Big Beaver Creek. Later, we anchored at Mackintosh and I discharged one of my hands. We passed another riffle below Makintosh and pressed on. Another 3 miles on we hit another riffle that forced us to unload and drag the boat over with horses. We stayed all night having traveled only 6 miles...
Pennsylvania Weather University of Kentucky The Ohio River
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A very cold morning at sun rise. This part of the creek is small and gradually widens with sand bars. There is no timber in this part of the country; but continued prairie on both sides of the river. A person by going on one of the hills may have a view as far as the eye can reach without obstruction and enjoy the most delightful prospects. We came to the edge of the plain and camped for the night. We saw signs of both Shannon and Colter. Here the grapes are many.
Nebraska South Dakota Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/03/04 Wild Grapes The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Wind Continued to blow very hard this morning. it Shifted last night to the S. W. and blew the Sand over us in Such a manner as to render the after part of the night very disagreeable. the wind luled a little and we Set out and proceeded on with the wind a head passed the enterance of redstone River on the N E. Side at 11 A M.

and at half past 4 P. M we Spied two boats & Several men, our party peyed their Ores and we Soon landed on the Side of the Boats the men of these boats Saluted us with their Small arms I landed & was met by a Mr. James Airs from Mackanaw by way of Prarie Dechien and St. Louis. this Gentleman is of the house of Dickson & Co: of Prarie de Chian who has a Licence to trade for one year with the Sieoux he has 2 Batteaux loaded with Merchendize for that purpose.

This Gentleman receved both Capt. Lewis and my Self with every mark of friendship he was himself at the time with a chill of the agu on him which he has had for Several days. our first enquirey was after the President of our country and then our friends and the State of the politicks of our country &c. and the State Indian affairs to all of which enquireys Mr. Aires gave us as Satisfactory information as he had it in his power to have Collected in the Illinois which was not a great deel.

soon after we Landed a violent Storm of Thunder Lightning and rain from the N W. which was violent with hard Claps of thunder and Sharp Lightning which continued untill 10 P M after which the wind blew hard. I set up late and partook of the tent of Mr. Aires which was dry.

Mr. Aires unfortunately had his boat Sunk on the 25 of July last by a violent Storm of Wind and hail by which accident he lost the most of his usefull articles as he informed. us. this Gentleman informed us of maney Changes & misfortunes which had taken place in the Illinois amongst others the loss of Mr. Cady Choteaus house and furniture by fire. for this misfortune of our friend Choteaus I feel my Self very much Concernd &c.

he also informed us that Genl. Wilkinson was the governor of the Louisiana and at St. Louis. 300 of the american Troops had been Contuned on the Missouri a fiew miles above it's mouth, Some disturbance with the Spaniards in the Nackatosh Country is the Cause of their being Called down to that Country, the Spaniards had taken one of the U, States frigates in the Mediteranean, Two British Ships of the line had fired on an American Ship in the port of New York, and killed the Capts. brother.

2 Indians had been hung in St. Louis for murder and several others in jale. and that Mr. Burr & genl. Hambleton fought a Duel, the latter was killed &c. &c

I am happy to find that my worthy friend Capt L's is so well as to walk about with ease to himself &c., we made 60 Miles to day the river much crowded with Sand bars, which are very differently Situated from what they were when we went up.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1807 British Continue Day Two of Four-day Bombardment of Copenhagen Denmark Great Britain Napoleon Bonaparte European History War Danish Military History
1812 24 Settlers and Four Native Americans Are Massacred at Indiana's Pigeon Roost Settlement Indiana Native American Heritage War of 1812 Death Indiana County History Preservation Society
1813 In Iowa, Fort Madison Is Torched and Abandoned to the Indians Fort Madison, Iowa Forts Native American Heritage Iowa Historical Society
1821 Massachusetts General Hospital Admits Its First Patients Massachusetts Medicine Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1823 David Douglas Makes First Recorded Ascent of Cascade Mountains above Columbia River Gorge Washington Mountain Climbing Firsts State of Washington
1834 Pioneer Methodist Ministers Hold a Camp Meeting Near Kenney, Texas in Spite of Mexican Prohibitions Against Protestant Worship Mexico Kenney, Texas Religion Human Rights/Civil Rights Texas State Historical Association
1838 Frederick Douglass Escapes to Freedom Traveling North by Train and Boat from Baltimore, through Delaware and Philadelphia to New York City New York City Frederick Douglass Slavery Library of Congress
1849 Minnesota Territory's Legislative Assembly Convenes for the First Time in St. Paul Minnesota State Legislature Law & Legal Resources Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1855 General Harney Avenges Grattan Massacre with Sioux Village Attack Nebraska Native American Studies Sioux Indians Death U.S. History
1860 Minnesota's First Normal School for Training Teachers Opens in Winona with 2 Teachers and 20 Students Winona, Minnesota Education Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Confederate Troops Violate Kentucky's Neutrality by Occupying Columbus, Kentucky Columbus, Kentucky American Civil War History Channel
1862 The Confederate Secretary of War Suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus in Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Writ of Habeas Corpus American Civil War University of Georgia
1864 President Lincoln Orders 100-Gun Salutes to Celebrate Victories at Atlanta and Mobile President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Log
President Lincoln Proclaims Sunday, September 11, 1864, as a Day of Thanksgiving and Prayer President Abraham Lincoln Religion Thanksgiving American Civil War Lincoln Log
1867 The Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church Is Organized by John Jasper in Richmond, Virginia Richmond, Virginia Religion African-American Heritage Virginia Commonwealth University African American Registry
1868 Georgia House of Representatives Votes to Remove African-American Members Georgia General Assembly Racism Reconstruction African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1878 Pleasure Steamer Princess Alice Collides with Another Steamer on England's Thames River: 500+ People Die Great Britain Steamboats Death Greenwich Guide
1883 President Arthur and Ulysses S. Grant Celebrate the Completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad from St. Paul, Minnesota to the Pacific Coast St. Paul, Minnesota President Chester A. Arthur Ulysses S. Grant Railroad Westward Expanision Minnesota Historical Society
1885 A Force of 700 U.S. Soldiers Revenge Grattan Massacre Killing 100 Sioux Villagers in Nebraska Nebraska Sioux Indians Death History Channel
1891 Pasco, Washington Is Incorporated Pasco, Washigton History Link
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 The Oshkosh, Wisconsin Public Library Opens Oshkosh, Wisconsin Libraries and Reference Resources Oshkosh Public Library Wisconsin Historical Society
1901 Australian National Flag Is First Flown Above the Exhibition Building, Melbourne Australia Australian National Flag Association
1902 Sarah Orne Jewett Severely Injured in Carriage Accident on 53rd Birthday Sarah Orne Jewett American Authors History Channel
Astoria, Oregon Fishermen Refuse to Accept Less Than Two Cents Per Pound for Fall Salmon Astoria, Oregon Labor Economics Salmon SalemOregon.com
1910 Alabama's First Boll Weevils Are Discovered Mobile County Mobile County, Alabama Boll Weevil Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1914 Giacomo della Chiesa Is Elected to the Papacy of the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XV Italian Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholic Popes History Channel
1918 Frederick & Nelson Department Store Opens in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Consumer Economics History Link
1919 President Woodrow Wilson Embarks on an 8,000 Mile, 22-Day League of Nations Tour Across the United States President Woodrow Wilson League of Nations History Channel
1921 Ernest Hemingway Marries His First Wife, Elizabeth Hadley Richardson, in Horton Bay, Michigan Horton Bay, Michigan Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection State of Michigan
1925 The Dirigible USS Shenandoah Crashes in Noble County, Ohio, Killing 14 of 43 People Aboard Noble County, Ohio Dirigibles Death U.S. Navy
1928 Scottish Scientist, Alexander Fleming, Discovers That Penicillin Mold Kills Germs Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research Historic Firsts Britannica
Ty Cobb Gets His 4191st and Final Major League Baseball Hit Ty Cobb Baseball Hall of Fame University of Georgia
1930 Hurricane Batters the Dominican Republic, Killing More than 8,000 People Dominican Republic Hurricane Death History Channel
1931 The Fox Theater Opens in Spokane, Washington Washington Film State of Washington
Charles Ives' "Washington's Birthday" Is First Performed at the Community Playhouse in San Francisco San Francisco Charles Ives Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1935 On the Utah Bonneville Salt Flats, England's Malcolm Campbell Is the First person to Break 300 mph on Land English Sports Figures Utah Auto Racing Historic Firsts History Channel New York Times
President Franklin Roosevelt Allocates $5M for the Florida Ship Canal from the Gulf of Mexico to the Atlantic Ocean Florida President Franklin Roosevelt Rivers and Canals Florida Historical Society
1937 Orson Welles Produces, Directs and Stars in Les Miserables Radio Play Orson Welles Radio Plays History Channel
7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Centers on Alaska's Andreanof Islands Alaska Earthquake USGS
1939 Great Britain and France Declare War on Germany Great Britain France Germany World War II Writer's Almanac Historic UK History Channel BBC Greenwich Guide
1941 The U.S. Army Activates a Post at Nome, Alaska with 9 Officers and 221 Enlisted Men Nome, Alaska World War II Alaska Historical Society
1943 British 8th Army Begins the Allied Invasion of the "Toe" of Italy Crossing the Strait of Messina from Sicily Italy Great Britain World War II History Channel BBC
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 A 35-Man U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group Arrives in Saigon, Vietnam Vietnam France Vietnam War History Channel
1958 Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd Is Elected As the pro-Apartheid Prime Minister of South Africa South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Elections South African History
1963 Baton Rouge, Louisiana Schools Are Integrated Baton Rouge, Louisiana Education Racism African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of State
1964 14-year-old Californian, Leonore Modell, Is Youngest Person to Swim the English Channel Great Britain California Sports Figures Swimming Solo Swims
1966 President Lyndon Johnson and Lady Bird Johnson Speak at the Dedication of West Virginia's Summersville Reservoir West Virginia President Lyndon Johnson Summersville Lake West Virginia State Archive
Final Episode of The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet Airs Television History Channel
1967 Nguyen Van Thieu Is Elected President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu Elections History Channel Asian History
Swedish Drivers Switch Lanes and Begin Driving on the Right Side of the Road Instead of the Left Sweden Automobiles European History Writer's Almanac
TV Game Show ''What's My Line?,'' Broadcasts Its Final Episode After More Than 17 Years on CBS Television CBS New York Times
1968 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 24, Injures 200 and Destroys over 2,000 Houses in Turkey Turkey Earthquake Death USGS
1972 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills More Than 100 and Destroys 1,000+ Homes in Pakistan Pakistan Earthquake Death USGS
A Campus of the Delaware Technical & Community College Opens in Dover Dover, Delaware Education Delaware Technical & Community College State of Delaware
1974 In Minnesota, Minneapolis and St. Paul Experience Their Earliest Freezing Temperatures on Record Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1976 Unmanned U. S. Viking II Lands on Mars: Taking First Pictures of Surface Mars Space Exploration Historic Firsts New York Times
1978 Pope John Paul I Is Installed as 264th Pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church Catholic Popes New York Times
1984 Typhoon Batters Philippines, Killing At Least 1,300 People, Injuring Hundreds More Republic of the Philippines Hurricanes & Typhoons Death BBC
Six Black South African Townships Erupt in Violence Protesting Rent Increases South Africa Apartheid Economics Death South African History
1994 China and Russia Pledge Not to Target Nuclear Missiles or Use Force Against Each Other China Russia Nuclear Weapons The Cold War New York Times
1997 Arizona Governor Fife Symington Is Convicted of Fiscal Offenses Tied to His Real Estate Business Arizona Political and Social Leaders Economics Crime History Channel
1998 All 229 Passengers and Crew Are Killed in Swissair Crash Off Nova Scotia Air Disasters Death BBC
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to present
2004 Terrorist Siege of Russian School Ends in Tragedy: 320+ Die (Mostly Children) Russia Terrorism Children Death CNN BBC