Brazil Brazil


Mozambique Mozambique
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was the person who declared Brazil's independence on this date in 1822? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What animal did Lewis and Clark discover on this date in 1804? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Middlebury College, how old was Grandma Moses when she first made painting a career? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a country in which today is celebrated as a holiday:

1. Who was the Governor of New York when September 7 was proclaimed as Grandma Moses Day in 1961? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the British Monarchy, who were the parents of Elizabeth I, Queen of England? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Gale Group, who was Jacob Lawrence's teacher when his mother enrolled him in an arts and crafts program at the local community center? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1947 movie directed by Elia Kazan (according to the Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to PBS, why did David Packard take a break from the computer business in 1969?

2. According to the New Mexico Museum of Space History, from which two Iowa colleges/universities did James Van Allen receive degrees?

3. According to the History Channel, what was General Sherman's reply when the mayor of Atlanta protested Sherman's order for the residents to evacuate the city of Atlanta?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a volume of poetry written by Isabella Gardner (according to Writer's Almanac):
Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I
Born on This Date 1533

[British Monarchy]

British Royalty

Grandma Moses
Grandma Moses
Born on This Date 1860

[New York Times]

American Artists

David Packard
David Packard
Born on This Date 1912

[Agilent Technologies]


James Van Allen
James Van Allen
Born on This Date 1914


The Solar System

Jacob Lawrence
Jacob Lawrence
Born on This Date 1917

[U.S. Coast Guard]

Young Adult Literature American Artists

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Brazil: Independence Day
(Commemorates Dom Pedro's Declaration Independence for Brazil from Portugal: 09/07/1822)
Brazil Portugal Library of Congress U.S. Department of State
Mozambique: Victory Day/Lusaka Agreement Day
(Commemorates the cease fire that results in an independent Mozambique: 09/07/1974)
Mozambique Portugal Norwegian Embassy in Mozambique World Travel Guide Crawfurd
New York: Grandma Moses
(Declared by Governor Nelson Rockefeller on Grandma Moses' 100th birthday: 09/07/1961)
Grandma Moses American Artists & Illustrators Gallerie St. Etienne
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1889 Elmer Hader (California-born Children's Author, Illustrator) California Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1904 C. B. Colby (New Hampshire-born Children's Author) New Hampshire Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1917 Jacob Lawrence (New Jersey-born African-American Illustrator) Jacob Lawrence American Artists African American Artists
1941 Alexandra Day (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1873 Carl Becker (Iowa-born Historian) Iowa Authors & Illustrators
1885 Elinor Wylie (New Jersey-born Poet and Novelist) New Jersey Authors & Illustrators
1887 Edith Sitwell (English Poet) Edith Sitwell Poetry
1900 Taylor Caldwell (English-born American Novelist) Taylor Caldwell
1915 Isabella Gardner (Massachusetts-born Poet) Isabella Gardner Poetry
1919 Louise Bennett (Jamaican-born African-American Poet) Jamaican Authors Poetry African American Registry
1932 Malcolm Bradbury (English Teacher and Novelist of Amsterdam) Malcolm Bradbury Educators of Note
1946 Joseph Klein (New York City-born Novelist and Journalist) Joesph Klein Journalism Bill Clinton Politics
1962 Jennifer Egan (Chicago-born Novelist and Short-Story Writer) Jennifer Egan
Artists, Architects and Designers
1814 William Butterfield (English Gothic Revival Architect) English Artists, Architects & Designers Architecture
1860 Grandma Moses (New York-born American Folk Painter) Grandma Moses American Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1829 Friedrich August Kekulé (German Organic Chemist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Organic Chemistry Princeton University
Ferdinand Hayden (Massachusetts-born Geologist) Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Geology
1840 Luther Childs Crowell (Massachusetts-born Inventor) Massachusetts Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions
1855 William Friese-Greene (English Inventor of Motion Picture Cameras) William Friese-Greene Inventors & Inventions Photography Film
1908 Michael DeBakey (Louisiana-born Heart Surgeon) Louisiana Scientists & Mathematicans Medical Research Cardiology
1914 James Alfred Van Allen (Iowa-born Astrophysicist; Namesake of the Van Allen Radiation Belt) James Van Allen The Solar System Radiation
1917 John Cornforth (Australian-born 1975 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Australian Scientists & Inventors Enzymes & Catalysts 1975 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1955 Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov (Russian Mathematician) Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov Mathematics
Business Leaders
1867 John Pierpont Morgan Jr. (New York-born Banker and Financier) New York Business Leaders
1912 David Packard (Colorado-born Engineer; Founder of Hewlett-Packard) David Packard Inventors & Inventions Hewlett Packard
Political and Social Leaders
1533 Elizabeth the First, Queen of England Great Britain Elizabeth the First
Performing Artists
1909 Elia Kazan (Turkish-born Greek-American Director and Author) Elia Kazan Greek Performing Artists Filmmakers Authors
1913 Anthony Quayle (English Actor, Director) English Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1921 Arthur Ferrante (New York City-born Popular Pianist) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians
1930 Sonny Rollins (New York City-born African-American Jazz Tenor Saxophonist) Sonny Rollins Jazz African American Performing Artists
1936 Buddy Holly (Texas-born Popular Singer, Songwriter) Buddy Holly Popular Musicians American Composers and Songwriters Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Sports Figures
1908 Paul Brown (Ohio-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Professional Football  Hall of Fame
1923 Louise Suggs (Georgia-born Member of the LPGA Hall of Fame) Georgia Sports Figures LPGA Hall of Fame
1971 Brianna Scurry (Minnesota-born African-American Goalie of the American Women's World Champion Soccer Team) Minnesota Sports Figures Soccer The Olympic Games African American Sports Figures African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1881 Sidney Lanier (Georgia-born Poet) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Poetry University of Georgia
1892 John Greenleaf Whittier (Massachusetts-born Poet) John Greenleaf Whittier Poetry
1949 Jose Clemente Orozco (Mexican Artist) José Clemente Orozco Artists
1954 Glenn "Pop" Warner (New York-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) New York Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
1969 Everett M. Dirksen (Illinois-born U.S. Senator) Illinois Political & Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1973 Elmer Hader (California-born Children's Author, Illustrator) California Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1985 Rodney Porter (English-born 1972 Nobel Laureate in Medicine or Physiology) Rodney Porter Medical Research 1972 Nobel Laureate in Medicine or Physiology
1991 Edwin McMillan (California-born 1951 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Edwin McMillan Neptunium Plutonium 1951 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1997 Mobutu Sese Seko (Former Dictator of Zaire, Democratic Republic of Congo) Democratic Republic of Congo
2008 Don Haskins (Oklahoma-born Basketball Coach; Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Oklahoma Sports Figures Texas Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame African-American Heritage University of Texas El-Paso
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: According to custom we were awakened by fog this morning.

Of course, within about 200 paces we were stuck on a riffle. All of the hands got out and moved the boat.

We passed Charles Town [now Wellsburg, West Virginia] over which was built a beautiful wooden bridge. The town has the appearance of a little village of about forty houses.

We reached Wheeling at about 5 in the evening. This village has about 50 houses and in the county town of Ohio (State of Virginia).

On the side of the river where it empties out into the Ohio, stands an old stockade fort, now gone to decay. In this town of Wheeling I picked up some goods that I had ordered to be sent their and found them to be in order. I met with Col. Rodney briefly, one of the commissioners appointed by the government to adjust the land claims in the Mississippi Territory. We remained in this town all night.

West Virginia Lewis & Clark Map: 09/07/03 Lewis & Clark Expedition Weather Keelboats University of Kentucky
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A very cold morning wind SE.

Set out at day light we landed after proceeding 5 ˝ miles, near the foot of a round Mounting, which I saw yesterday, resembling a dome. Capt. Lewis and Myself walked up to the top which forms a Cone and is about 70 feet higher than the high lands around it, the Base is about 300 foot in descending this cupola.

As we descended from this dome, we arrived at a spot, on the gradual descent of the hill, nearly four acres in extent, and covered with small holes: these are the residence of a little animal [prairie dog], called by the French petit chien (little dog), who sit erect near the mouth, and make a whistling noise, but when alarmed take refuge in their holes. In order to bring them out, we poured into one of the holes five barrels of water without filling it, but we dislodged and caught the owner. After digging down another of the holes for six feet, we found, on running a pole into it, that we had not yet dug half way to the bottom: we discovered, however, two frogs in the hole, and near it we killed a dark rattlesnake, which had swallowed a small prairie dog: we were also informed, though we never witnessed the fact,
that a sort of lizard, and a snake, live habitually with these animals.

The petit chien are justly named, as they resemble a small dog in some particulars, though they have also some points of similarity to the squirrel. The head resembles the squirrel in every respect, except that the ear is shorter, the tail like that of the ground-squirrel, the toe-nails are long, the fur is fine, and the long hair is gray. Killed one and caught one a live.

Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 09/07/04 Lewis & Clark Expedition Prairie Dogs The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: A Cloudy & rainie Day the greater Part of the Day dark & Drisley

we proceedd on down the river thro a Vallie passed Several Small Runs & 3 creeks on the left The Vallie from 1 to 2 miles wide the Snow top mountains to our left, open hilley Countrey on the right.

Saw 2 horses left by the Indians Those horses were as wild a Elk.

One of our hunters Came up this morning without his horse, in the course of the night the horse broke loose & Cleared out—

we did not make Camp untill dark, for the want of a good place, one of our hunters did not join us this evening. he haveing killed an elk packed his horses & could not overtake us

Ordway: a cloudy cold morning.

one of our hunters Stayed out all last night. we set out eairly and proceeded on down the creek. our hunter who Stayed out last night over took us had lost his horse.

we passed over narrow plains larg pine and cotton timber along the creeks high mountains a little to the Lard. Side which is covred thick with Snow. one of our hunters killed two Deer. Some of the other hunters killed 1 goose 1 crain Several pheasants and a hawk.

we proceeded on crossed Several Small creeks and runs we had Several Showers of rain. this valley gitting wider.
the plain Smooth & dry. we came 18 miles this day and Camped on the bank of the Creek.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Shoshone Indians
Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Ravalli County, Montana
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: as we were doubtfull that the two fieldses were behind I derected Sergt. Ordway with 4 men to Continue untill Meridian and if those men did not arive by that hour to proceed on. if we met with them at any Short distance a gun Should be fired which would be a Signal for him to proceed on.

we had proceeded on about 8 miles by water and the distance through not more than 1 mile when we Saw the fire of those 2 men, I derected a gun fired as a Signal for Sergt. ordway to proceed on, and took the boys on board. they had killed nothing & informed me they had been Somewhat almd. at our delay, that the distance across from the little Sieoux river was about 1˝ miles only, the bottoms thick and Grass very high.

we proceded on with a Stiff Breeze ahead (note the evaperation on this portion of the Missouri has been noticed as we assended this river, and it now appears to be greater than it was at that time. I am obliged to replenish my ink Stand every day with fresh ink at least 9/10 of which must evaperate.[)]

we proceded on to a bottom on the S W Side a little above the Soldiers river and Came too and Sent out all the hunters. they killed 3 Elk which was at no great distance we Sent out the men and had the flesh brought in Cooked and Dined. Sergt. Ordway Came up & after takeing a Sumptious Dinner

we all Set out at 4 P M wind ahead as usial. at Dusk we came too on the lower part of a Sand bar on the S W side found the Musquetors excessively tormenting not withstanding a Stiff breeze from the S. E. a little after dark the wind increased the Musquetors dispersed our Camp of this night is about 2 miles below our Encampment of the 4th of august 1804 assending we came 44 miles to day only—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Blair, Nebraska Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1807 City of Copenhagen and the Danish Fleet Are Surrendered to the British Denmark Great Britain Napoleon Bonaparte European History War Danish Military History
1814 Indiana Territorial Legislature Organizes Switzerland, Posey, and Perry Counties Indiana Kindred Trails Indiana Historical Society
1822 Dom Pedro Decrees Brazil's Independence from Portugal Brazil Portugal Library of Congress
1825 Having Completed His Final Visit of the U.S., the Marquis de Lafayette Sets Sail for France Marquis de Lafayette American Revolution State of Delaware
1835 Daniel Wells, Jr. Purchases 100.9 Acres on Lake Michigan, the First Plot of Land Sold in Washington County, Wisconsin Washington County, Wisconsin Economics Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1859 The Junction and Breakwater Railroad Engine "Tiger" Arrives in Milford, Delaware from Harrington Milford, Delaware Railroad State of Delaware
1864 Union General Sherman Orders Residents of Atlanta, GA to Evacuate City Atlanta William Tecumseh Sherman Atlanta The History Channel
1866 U.S, Soldiers Set Fires to Stores in Brenham, Texas In Retaliation for Newspaper Attacks on the Local Freedmen's Bureau Brenham Texas Racism Journalism Fire Safety Reconstruction Texas State Historical Assocation
1876 Northfield, Minnesota Residents Foil Bank Robbery by Attacking the James-Younger Gang during Bank Robbery Minnesota Jesse James Notorious Americans The History Channel Minnesota Historical Society
1882 The St. Paul, Minnesota City Council Approves an Appropriation of $5,000 to Establish the St. Paul Public Library St. Paul, Minnesota Libraries and Reference Resources Economics St. Paul Public Library
1884 In Alaska, the First Presbyterian Church of Sitka Is Organized Sitka, Alaska Religion Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1885 Minnesota Celebrates Its First Labor Day Minnesota Labor Day Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
The Minnesota State Fair Opens for the First Time on Its Present Grounds in St. Paul St. Paul, Minnesota Historic Firsts Minnesota State Fair Minnesota Historical Society
1891 In Arkansas, College of the Ozarks Opens Arkansas Education Education College of the Ozarks State of Arkansas
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 China's Boxer Rebellion Officially Ends with the Signing of Peace Protocol China Boxer Rebellion China Internet Information Center
In Hill County, Texas, the Itasca Cotton Manufacturing Company Processes Its First 100 Bales of Cotton Hill County, Texas Business Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Assocation
1908 Walter Johnson Pitches His Third Shutout in Four Days, All Against New York Walter Johnson Baseball Hall of Fame USA Today
Wisconsin's Man Mound Park Is Dedicated in Sauk County Sauk County, Wisconsin Man Mound Park Wisconsin Historical Society
1911 French Poet Guillaume Apollinaire Is Arrested for the Theft of the Mona Lisa The Louvre Mona Lisa Crime The History Channel
1914 In Texas, the City of Houston Celebrates the Deepening of the Houston Ship Channel to 25 Feet Houston Texas Naval History Port of Houston Texas State Historical Assocation
1920 Mrs. C. Herbert Purdy Is the First Jacksonville Woman to Register to Vote under the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Jacksonville, Florida Women Women's Suffrage 19th Amendment Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1927 At His San Francisco Laboratory, Television Pioneer Philo T. Farnsworth Transmits the First Purely Electronic Image San Francisco Philo T. Farnsworth Television Historic Firsts Museum of Broadcast Communications LearnCalifornia
1939 The Silver Lake Dam Near Middletown, Delaware Is Washed Out for the 3rd Time in 5 Years Middletown, Delaware Dams State of Delaware
1940 Nazi Germany Began Its Initial Blitz on London during World War II London Blitz Nazi Germany Aviation History World War II BBC
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 The United Nations Rejects Soviet Resolution to Condemn the U.S. Bombing of North Korea United Nations Soviet Union Korean War Cold War The History Channel
1952 The Egyptian Army Forces Prime Minister Aly Maher Out of Office Egypt BBC
1953 Maureen Connolly First Woman to Sweep Tennis' Grand Slam in a Single Year Maureen Connolly Tennis Historic Firsts New York Times
1962 Laos Establishes Diplomatic Relations with Communist China & North Vietnam Laos China Vietnam CNN
Taiwan Severs Diplomatic Relations with Laos Laos Taiwan CNN
1963 Professional Football Hall of Fame Is Dedicated in Canton, Ohio Ohio National Football League National Football Hall of Fame
Detroit Lions Coach, Earl "Dutch" Clark, Enters the Professional Football Hall of Fame Detroit Sports Figures Colorado Sports Figures National Football Hall of Fame State of Michigan
1974 Jockey Bill Shoemaker Sets Career Record with 6,032 Wins Bill Shoemaker Horse Racing USA Today
1977 U.S. Transfers Control of the Panamá Canal to Panamá 1977 Panamá Canal Treaty President Jimmy Carter Library of Congress
Watergate Conspirator G. Gordon Liddy Released After Four Years in Prison President Richard Nixon The American Presidency Watergate Court TV
Dane County Residents Vote Judge Archie Simonson Out of Office in Wisconsin's First Judicial-Recall Election Dane County, Wisconsin Voting Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1979 Chrysler Corporation Announces Huge Annual Loss Automobiles Business & Economics Chrysler Corporation History Channel
Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) Debuts on Cable TV Television ESPN
1986 Desmond Tutu Elected as First Black to Lead Southern Africa's Anglican Church Desmond Tutu Religion Historic Firsts Wikipedia
1989 Larry Tucker, President of the West Virginia State Senate, Resigns from Office West Virginia State Senate Crime West Virginia State Archives
1992 South African Soldiers Kill 24 at an African National Congress Demonstration South Africa Human Rights/Civil Rights Death BBC
1998 Mark McGwire Equals Roger Maris' Single-Season Record of 61 Home Runs Baseball Roger Maris Baseball Almanac
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2002 Serena Williams Defeats Her Sister Venus to Win the U.S. Open Tennis Championship Serena Williams Venus Williams Tennis African-American Sports Figures U.S. Open New York Historical Society