International Literacy Day
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year was the first International Literacy Day observed on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What television show aired for the first time on this date in 1966? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Baseball Hall of Fame, for which two professional baseball teams did Buck Leonard play? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. In what year did the people of Macedonia pass a referendum vote for independence on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Harvard University, Ruby Bridges was the first Black child to attend an all-White school in what city? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the New York Public Library, what gave Jon Scieszka the idea for writing Math Curse? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1976 work by Ann Beattie (according to History Channel):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Classical Music Website, how many symphonies did Antonin Dvorák write?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what accomplishment was Derek Barton chosen as a 1967 Nobel laureate for chemistry?

3. According to "This Week in Alabama History", what rockets were developed by the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Frédéric Mistral (according to the Authors' Calendar):

Antonin Dvorak
Born on This Date in 1841


American Composer

Buck Leonard
Born on This Date 1907

[Baseball Hall of Fame]

Baseball Hall of Fame

Derek Barton
Born on This Date 1918

[Nobel Foundation]

Molecular Theory1969 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry

Ruby Bridges
Born on This Date 1954

[Harvard University]

U.S. Civil Rights Movement American Author

Jon Scieszka
Born on This Date 1954

[Education World]

Primary Children'st Author

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
International Literacy Day
(Observed annually on September 8 since 09/08/1967)
Literature and Reading International Literacy Day International Reading Association
Andorra: National Day
(Observed annually on September 8 to commemorate Virgin of Meritxell, Patron Saint of Andorra.)
Andorra Government of Andorra
Federated States of Micronesia: Kosrae Liberation Day)
(Commemoration of the 1945 liberation of the island of Kosrae from Japanese)
Federated States of Micronesia World War II Association of Pacific Island Legislatures World Travel Guide
Lithuania: Crowning of Vytautas the Great
(Observed to commemorate the scheduled crowning of Vytautas the Great as King in 1430)
Lithuania Vilnius City Municipality
Macedonia: Independence Day
(Observed annually on September 8 to commemorate 1991 referendum vote for independence)
Macedonia Voting U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1863 Jessie Willcox Smith (Pennsylvania-born Artist, Illustrator) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Fiction American Artists
1930 Byron Barton (Rhode Island-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Rhode Island Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1940 Jack Prelutsky (New York City-born Poet, Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Poetry
1948 Michael Hague (Los Angeles-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Los Angeles Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1953 Jan Romero Stevens (Nevada-born Children's Author) Nevada Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1954 Jon Scieszka (Michigan-born Children's Author)  Jon Scieszka Primary Children's Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1474 Ludovico Ariosto (Italian Poet)  Ludovico Ariosto Poetry
1830 Frédéric Mistral (French-born 1904 Nobel Laureate for Literature)  Frédéric Mistral Poetry 1904 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1924 Grace Metalious (English Author of Peyton Place) English Authors Writer's Almanac
1930 Marilyn Durham (Indiana-born Author of The Man Who Loved Cat Dancing) Indiana Authors Writer's Almanac
1933 Michael Frayn (English Journalist, Dramatist)  Michael Frayn  Journalism Plays
1947 Ann Beattie (Washington, D.C.-born Author) Ann Beattie
1954 Ruby Bridges (Mississippi-born African-American Subject of Norman Rockwell's School Integration Painting) Ruby Bridges New Orleans U.S. Civil Rights Movement Notable African Americans
Philosophers & Theologians
1588 Marin Mersenne (French Philosopher and Theologian) France Authors Philosophy Religious Leaders and Theologians
Classical Composers & Performing Artists
1824 Jaime Nuño Roca (Composer of Mexican National Anthem) Mexico Composers
1841 Antonin Dvorak (Czech Bohemian Composer) Antonin Dvorak Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1848 Viktor Meyer (German Scientist/Mathematician Who Determined Value of Avogadro's Number) Germany Scientists and Mathematicians Avogadro's Number
1918 Derek Barton (English-born 1969 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Derek Barton Chemistry Molecules 1969 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
Business Leaders & Philanthropists
1828 Margaret Olivia Sage (New York-born Philanthropist) New York Business Leaders Philanthropy
The Notorious
1841 Charles Guiteau (Illinois-born Assassin of American President James A. Garfield)  Charles Guiteau The Assassination of James A. Garfield
Political & Social Leaders
1157 Richard I (Richard the Lionhearted, King of England) England Richard I
1889 Robert A. Taft (Ohio-born American Political Leader) Ohio Political Leaders U.S. Congress
1900 Claude Pepper (Alabama-born Florida U.S. Congressman) Claude Pepper Florida Political Leaders U.S. Congress Florida State Historical Association
1922 Samuel Pierce Jr. (New York-born African-American Statesman) Samuel Pierce Jr. President Ronald Reagan U.S. Government Notable African Americans
1938 Sam Nunn (Georgia-born U.S. Senator) Sam Nunn U.S. Congress University of Georgia
Performing Artists
1897 Jimmie Rodgers (Mississippi-born Country and Western Singer and Guitarist)  Jimmie Rodgers Country Musicians
1910 Jean-Louis Barrault (French Filmmaker) Jean-Louis Barrault Filmmakers
1922 Sid Caesar (New York City-born Comedian of Early Television) Sid Caesar Television
1925 Peter Sellers (English Actor)  Peter Sellers Actors Film
1932 Patsy Cline (Virginia-born Country and Western Singer, Guitarist) Patsy Cline Country Musicians
1945 Ron McKernan (California-born Popular Musician) California Performing Artists Popular Musicians
1971 David Arquette (Virginia-born Actor) Virginia Performing Artists Actors Film
Henry Thomas (Texas-born Actor) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1907 Buck Leonard (North Carolina-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Buck Leonard Notable African Americans Baseball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1862 Ignacio Zaragoza (Mexican General) Mexico
1882 Isaac Murphy (8th Governor of Arkansas) Arkansas Politicial and Social Leaders
1949 Richard Strauss (German Composer, Conductor) Richard Strauss Composers Opera
1965 Dorothy Dandridge (Ohio-born African-American Actress) Dorothy Dandridge Actors Film Notable African Americans
1981 Roy Wilkins (Missouri-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Roy Wilkins Civil Rights Famous African Americans
1991 Eleanor Lawler Pillsbury (Minnesota Philanthropist)) Minnesota Political and Social Leader Philanthropy Minnesota Historical Society
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1504 Michelangelo's David First Displayed in Florence, Italy's Piazza della Signoria Michelangelo Michelangelo's David Forbes
1565 Spanish Admiral Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles Founds St. Augustine, Florida Spain St. Augustine, Florida
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1664 Dutch Surrender New Amsterdam to the British, Who Rename It New York Great Britain Netherlands New York City Writer's Alamanc
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1781 700 British and 500 Americans Die at the Battle of Eutaw Springs South Carolina Battle of Eutaw Springs Death
1795 21 Students Form Harvard's Hasty Pudding Club Massachusetts Stage and Theater Harvard University Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1797 In California, Father Fermìn Francisco de Lasuèn Founds Mission San Fernando Rey de España Los Angeles California Missions Catholic Church
1798 Frontiersman Daniel Boone Ran His Last Survey in (West) Virginia's Kanawha Valley Virginia West Virginia Daniel Boone American Pioneers and Explorers West Virginia State Archives
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Today, I wrote to President Jefferson. I also purchased a perogue and hired a man to work with her. I decided to give my men a days rest because they were very fatigued and I let them do laundry and buy some flour for bread. I dined with Col. Rodney and his suit and feasted on some juicy watermelons. I also met with Dr. Patterson who showed an interest to join our group, I consented. If Clark is unable to join us, he will fill his position as second lieutenant, although I must have the President's consent.
Ohio West Virginia President Thomas Jefferson Business Watermelons University of Kentucky The Ohio River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark & Collective Entries: Proceeded early on our voyage, passed high bluffs on the south and burnt prairie on the north. After 3 ½ miles we past Jean Baptiste Truteau's house where he wintered in 1796 after the Sioux blocked his attempt to reach the Mandan villages further up the Missouri.

I went out a hunting this Morning and tried to find some more of the prairie dogs and goats. Capt. Lewis went out with Some of the party on on the south shore in a grove of Timber & killed 2 Buffelow Shot at one of them Several times in the river he being wounded Swam a Shore again & they Shot him down at the edge of the water.— One of our hunters, joined with the horses had killed 2 Elk a faun Deer and caught 2 large beaver - The party came to on the lower point of an Island in the midlle of the river Called Boat Island and incamped. It was covered with timber; and having a number of buffaloe on it. I rejoined the party after dark, with the other hunters having kill'd 2 Buffalo, and One Deer. On the way I saw white wolves and buffalo

Nebraska South Dakota Lewis & Clark Expedition Lewis & Clark Map: 09/01/04 Prairie Dogs Beaver Elk Deer Buffalo Wolves
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cloudy morning Set out early and proceeded on through an open vallie for 23 miles passed 4 Creeks on
the right Some runs on the left, The bottoms as also the hills Stoney bad land. Some pine on the Creeks and mountains, an partial on the hills to the right hand Side.

two of our hunters came up with us at 12 oClock with an Elk, & Buck

— the wind from the N. W. & Cold. The foot of the Snow mountains approach the River on the left Side. Some Snow on The mountain to the right also proceeded on down the Vallie which is pore Stoney land and encamped on the right Side of the river a hard rain all the evening we are all Cold and wet. on this part of the river on the head of Clarks River

I observe great quantities of a peculiar Sort of Prickly peare grow in Clusters ovel & about the Size of a Pigions egge with Strong Thorns. Drewyer killed a Deer. I killed a prarie fowl we found 2 mears and a Colt the mears were lame, we ventered to let our late purchase of horses loose to night.

Ordway: cloudy and cold. we Set out eairly and proceeded on down this creek which is now verry large. passed over Smooth plain no timber except along the bank of the creeks. Saw Snow on the mount to our left. high barron hills to our right.

about 11 oClock we halted to dine at a branch our hunters joined us. had killed an Elk, and a Deer which they brought with them. the wind cold from the N. W. & Showers of rain, and a little hail. passed over Smooth plains in this valley.

the Mountains are rough on each side and are covred with pine and on the tops of which are covd. with Snow. our hunters found 2 Stray horses and a handsom colt, which they took along with them

we marched 20 odd miles this day and Camped on a Smooth bottom near the creek, where we had fine feed for our horses. our hunters joined us had killed one Deer.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery
Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Ravalli County, Montana
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Set out very early this morning, passed on old tradeing house on the S W Side a few miles above the Council bluffs, at 11 A M we Came too at the bluffs and Capt Lewis and myself walked up on the bluffs and around to examine the Country and Situation more particularly,

the Situation appeared to us eaqually as eligable as when we passed up for an establishment, the hill high and Commanding with a high rich bottom of great extend below. we proceeded on very well all being anxious to get to the River Platt to day they ply'd their orers very well, and we arived at our old encampment at White Catfish Camp 12 miles above the river platt at which place we lay from the 22th to the 26th of July 1804 here we encamped haveing made 78 Miles to day.

The Missouri at this place does not appear to Contain more water than it did 1000 Miles above this, the evaperation must be emence; in the last 1000 miles this river receives the water 20 rivers and maney Creeks Several of the Rivers large and the Size of this river or the quantity of water does not appear to increase any—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Iowa

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1810 First of John Astor's Pacific Fur Company Ships Sets Sail: New York to Oregon Oregon New York City John Jacob Astor Naval History History Channel
1823 The First Poorhouse in Knox County, Indiana Is Organized by the State General Assembly Knox County, Indiana Community Services Indiana Historical Society
1846 In Waukesha, Wisconsin, a Faculty of Two Opens Carroll College with an Enrollment of Five Men Waukesha, Wisconsin Education Carroll College Wisconsin Historical Society
1856 Holy Redeemer Church Is Dedicated in Madison, Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Religion Catholicism Wisconsin Historical Society
1860 Lady Elgin Steamship Is Lost on Lake Michigan as 300 Members of Milwaukee's Irish Union Guards Perish Milwaukee, Wisconsin Steamboats Lake Michigan Death Wisconsin Historical Society
1862 U.S.S. Kingfisher Destroys Confederate Salt Works at St. Joseph's Bay, Florida Florida American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
1863 Small Confederate Force Thwarts Federal Invasion of Texas at Sabine Pass Texas Second Battle of Sabine Pass History Channel
1864 Confederates Reluctantly Comply with Sherman's Orders to Evacuate Atlanta, GA Atlanta William Tecumseh Sherman Atlanta University of Georgia
1870 In Ohio, Wooster College Opens Its Doors with a Faculty of 5, and a Student Body of 30 Men and 4 Women. Wooster, Ohio Education Wooster College
1871 The Chicago Northwestern Railroad Is Completed to Baraboo, Wisconsin Sauk County, Wisconsin Railroads Wisconsin Historical Society
1883 Georgia Legislature Appropriates $1,000,000 for Construction of New State Capitol Georgia Economics University of Georgia
1884 In Minnesota, a Tornado Moves through Hennepin, Ramsey, and Washington Counties, Killing 9 Minnesota Tornado Death Minnesota Historical Society
1888 Body of Annie Chapman, Probable Victim of Jack the Ripper, Found in London Jack the Ripper Crime Death Metropolitan Police
1892 "The of Allegiance" Is First Published in the Youth's Companion The Pledge of Allegience Historic Firsts National Flag Day Foundation
1896 Finnish Immigrants Open Suomi College (Finlandia University) on Michigan's Upper Peninsula Michigan Education Finlandia University State of Michigan
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Hurricane Hits Galveston, Texas: 6,000 - 8,000 Die Galveston Hurricane Hurricanes Death Library of Congress
1906 Indiana Trotting Horse Dan Patch Sets a World Record Pacing a Mile in 1:55 at the Minnesota State Fair Indiana Sports Figures Minnesota Horse Racing Dan Patch Historical Society Minnesota State Fair Minnesota Historical Society
1908 The Office of the Governor of Alaska Is Moved from Sitka to Juneau to Join the Rest of the District Government Governor of Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1911 Children's Orthopedic Hospital Opens on Seattle's Queen Anne Hill Washington Children's Health Care HistoryLink
1918 Delaware's State Board of Education Delays the Opening of School for One Day to Allow Children to Work in the Canneries an Extra Day Delaware Education Education Child Labor State of Delaware
1920 Omaha-San Francisco Segment Completes 1st Transcontinental Airmail Route U.S. Postal Service Aviation History Historic Firsts U.S. Postal Service
Military Pilot Delivers First Air Mail to Des Moines, Iowa Iowa Aviation History U.S. Postal Service Iowa State Historical Association
1921 Margaret Gorman (D.C.) Is Crowned First Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J. Washington, D.C. Atlantic City, New Jersey Women Historic Firsts
1925 African-American Dr. Ossian Sweet Moves His Family into All-White Detroit Housing Detroit Racism African American History University of Missouri at Kansas City
1926 Germany Is Admitted as a Member of the League of Nations with a Permanent Seat on the Council Germany The League of Nations The League of Nations
1927 Vantage Bridge Opens Across the Columbia River Washington Columbia River Bridges HistoryLink
1930 3M Engineer Richard Drew Submits His New Invention "Scotch" Tape for Testing 3M Corporation Inventors and Inventions Smithsonian Magazine
1934 Fire Aboard the Liner Morro Castle Off the New Jersey Coast Claims 134 Lives New Jersey Naval History Fire Safety Death. Portcities Southampton
1935 Assassin's Gunshot Mortally Wounds Senator Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish" Huey Long U.S. Congress History Channel
19-year-old Frank Sinatra Is "Discovered" on Major Bowes Amateur Hour Frank Sinatra Radio Popular Musicians History Channel
1938 Dedication Held for Texas Bridge Spanning the Neches River with 176' Clearance Texas Bridges Texas State Historical Society
1943 Eisenhower Publicly Announces Italy's Surrender to the Allies Italy President Dwight Eisenhower World War II History Channel
1944 First German V-2 Rocket Hits London Destroying Homes & Killing 3, Injuring 10 England NAZI Germany World War II Death Channel 4
1944 New York's Bess Myerson Is First Jewish Contestant Crowned Miss America New York Women Judaism Historic Firsts PBS
1945 U.S. Troops Arrive in Korea to Partition the Country Korean War History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1951 48 Nations Sign Peace Pact with Japan Ending World War II Japan World War II Yale University Avalon Project
1952 Ernest Hemingway's Old Man and the Sea Is Published Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1954 Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) Is Established President Dwight Eisenhower Vietnam War Cold War History Channel
1957 Althea Gibson Is the First African-American Woman to Win U.S. Singles Tennis Championship Althea Gibson Tennis African-American History Historic Firsts History Channel
1960 President Eisenhower Dedicates NASA's Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, AL Alabama President Eisenhower NASA Alabama Department of Archives & History
1965 Category 3 Hurricane Betsy Strikes Southern Florida with 120 - 145 mph Winds Florida Hurricanes Florida State Historical Association
1966 NBC Airs the First Episode of "Star Trek" Television Internet Movie Database
1971 Leonard Bernstein's "Mass" Is First Performed at the Opening of the John F. Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. Kennedy Center. Leonard Bernstein American Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1974 President Ford Pardons Former President Richard Nixon of Watergate Crimes Richard Nixon Gerald Ford Watergate Law & Legal Resources C-SPAN
1975 Deborah Montgomery Is the First Woman Admitted to the St. Paul Police Academy St. Paul, Minnesota Women Law Enforcement Historic Firsts St. Paul Police Academy Minnesota Historical Society
1976 Georgia World Congress Center Opens in Atlanta Georgia Economics Official Web Site University of Georgia
1985 Cincinnati's Red Pete Rose Ties Ty Cobb's Career Record, 4,191 Hits Pete Rose Ty Cobb Baseball University of Georgia
1991 Macedonians Use Referendum to Vote for a Sovereign and Independent Republic Macedonia Voting CIA
1994 USAir Boeing 737 Crashes on Approach to Pittsburgh: All 132 on Board Die Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Air Disasters Death National Transportation Safety Board
1998 Mark McGwire Hits 62nd HR to Break Roger Maris' Single Season Record Baseball Roger Maris Baseball Almanac
Historic Events Occurring from 2000 to present
2000 U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Apologizes for ''Legacy of Racism and Inhumanity'' U.S. Government Native American History Racism AKHA Heritage Foundation
2001 Williams Sisters Compete in the First All-Black Women's U.S. Open Tennis Final Serena Williams Venus Williams Tennis African-American History U.S. Open African American Registry