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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which country celebrates its New Year on September 11? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which battle of the American Revolution did the British win on this date in 1777? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to PBS, in which city was Stephen Foster (the author of "O Susanna") born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date.

1. Who was appointed as the first United States Secretary of the Treasury on this date in 1789? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to NASA, what was the mass of the Surveyor 5 spacecraft which landed on the Moon on this date in 1967? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to, in what Texas town was Katherine Anne Porter born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, writer, poet or journalist born on this date.
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Sound Portraits, whose was Miguel Algarín's co-founder of the Nuyorican Poet's Café?

2. According to Spartacus, what disease almost killed D.H. Lawrence in 1911?

3. According to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, in which city was Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah born?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a short story by O. Henry.

O. Henry
Born on This Date in 1862

[Lone Star Junction]


D.H. Lawrence
Born on This Date 1885



Miguel Algarín
Born on This Date 1941

[Greater Talent]


Robert Crippen
Born on This Date 1937



Lois Ruby
Born on This Date 1942

[Official Website]

Primary Children's Author

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Federated States of Micronesia: Pohnpei Liberation Day
(Commemoration of the 1945 liberation of the island of Pohnpei from Japanese)
Federated States of Micronesia World War II Association of Pacific Island Legislatures World Travel Guide
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1926 Alfred Slote (New York City-born Children's Author: Sports and Science Fiction) Alfred Slote Sports Young-adult Authors
1942 Lois Ruby (San Francisco-born Children's Author) Lois Ruby Young-adult Authors
1946 Anthony Browne (English Children's Author, Illustrator) Anthony Browne English Artists Primary Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1700 James Thomson (Scottish Poet: Author of Rule Britannia) James Thomson Poetry
1862 Juhani Aho (Finnish Journalist and Writer) Juhani Aho Journalism
William Sydney Porter (O. Henry) (North Carolina-born Short Story Writer) O. Henry
1885 D.H. Lawrence (English-born Poet, Playwright, Novelist) D.H. Lawrence
1903 (Austin) Merrill Moore (Tennessee-born Poet) Tennesssee Authors & Illustrators Poetry
1917 Jessica Mitford (English-born American Writer) English Authors
1941 Miguel Algarín (Puerto Rican Poet and Playwright) Miguel Algarín Poetry Plays
Artists, Architects and Designers
1854 William Holabird (New York-born Architect Who Pioneered Steel Structures with Glass Facades) New York-born Artists & Architects Architecture Writer's Almanac
Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts
1935 Gherman Titov (Russian Cosmonaut) Russian Explorers & Pioneers Russian Space Program Technology and Society
1937 Robert Crippen (Texas-born American Astronaut) Robert Crippen Astronauts
Political & Social Leaders
1877 Rosika Schwimmer (Hungarian Feminist and Pacifist) Hungarian Political and Social Leaders) Women's Rights
1895 Vinoba Bhave (Indian Social Reformer; Disciple of Mahatma Gandhi) Indian Political and Social Leaders) Mahatma Gandhi Human Rights
1899 Jimmie Davis (Governor of Louisiana: 1944-1948, 1960-1964) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders) Politics Louisiana Secretary of State
1917 Ferdinand Marcos (President of the Republic of the Philippines) Ferdinand Marcos
1928 Reubin O'Donovan Askew (Oklahoma-born 37th Governor of Florida) Oklahoma Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders Politics Florida State Historical Association
Performing Artists
1940 Brian De Palma (New Jersey-born Film Director) New Jersey Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1914 Paul "Bear" Bryant (Arkansas-born Hall of Fame College Football Coach) Arkansas Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
1916 Hal Lebovitz (Ohio-born Member of the Writers' Wing of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ohio Authors and Illustrators Journalism Baseball Hall of Fame
1924 Tom Landry (Texas-born Hall of Fame Football Coach) Texas Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1303 Pope Boniface III (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Roman Catholic Popes Concordia
1888 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (Argentine Statesman) Argentinian Political and Social Leaders Education Government of Argentina (in Spanish)
1911 William R. Boggs (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War State of Georgia
1948 Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Founder of Pakistan) Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
1958 Robert W. Service (English Poet) English Authors Poetry
1971 Nikita Khrushchev (Ukrainian-born Premiere of the Soviet Union) Nikita Khrushchev Soviet Union
1973 Salvador Allende (President of Chile: Military Coup d'état) Salvador Allende History Channel BBC
1974 Harold E. Hallows (Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Wisconsin Supreme Court Wisconsin Historical Society
1999 Belkis Ayón (Cuban Artist) Belkis Ayón Artists & Architects
2001 John Ogonowski (Massachusetts-born Pilot for American Airlines Flight #11 That Crashes into the New York World Trade Center) Massachusetts Aviators New York City Case Study of September 11 Terrorism Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
2002 David Wisniewski (British-born American Children's Author) David Wisniewski Primary Children's Authors American Artists
Johnny Unitas (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
2009 Larry Gelbart (Chicago-born Comedy Writer/Dramatist for Stage, Film, Television)) Larry Gelbart Stage & Theater Film Television
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1200 - 1299
1297 William Wallace Leads Scots to Victory at Stirling Bridge William Wallace British History BBC
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1740 Hurricanes Almost Wipe Out the French Establishments at Biloxi and Mobile Biloxi, Mississippi Mobile, Alabama Hurricane Louisiana Secretary of State
1776 British Offer Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Edward Rutledge Honorable Return to the Realm If They Will Revoke the Declaration of Independence Great Britain Declaration of Independence The American Revolution New York Historical Society
1777 British Defeat Washington at the Battle of Brandywine Great Britain Pennsylvania George Washington The American Revolution Independence Hall Association
1789 Alexander Hamilton Is Appointed as the First U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton U.S. Treasury Historic Firsts U.S  Treasury
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We embarked at sunrise. We passed about five islands. I observed a number of black squirrels swimming the Ohio, swimming very light and at a very good speed. I assume they are moving south for the weather. Many were fat and when fried a very good food. My dog, a Newfoundland breed, enjoyed killing them and swim them back to me. Tonight we lay below the fifth island, having come 26 miles.
Ohio West Virginia Squirrels Dog University of Kentucky The Ohio River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Set out at 7 A M. this morning and proceeded down the Flathead river leaving it on our left, the country in the valley of this river is generally a prarie and from five to 6 miles wide the growth is almost altogether pine principally of the longleafed kind, with some spruce and a kind of furr resembleing the scotch furr. near the wartercourses we find
a small proportion of the narrow leafed cottonwood some redwood honeysuckle and rosebushes form the scant proportion of underbrush to be seen.

at 12 we halted on a small branch which falls in to the river on the E. side, where we breakfasted on a scant proportion of meat which we had reserved from the hunt of yesterday added to three geese which one of our hunters killed this morning. two of our hunters have arrived, one of them brought with him a redheaded woodpecker of the large kind common to the U States. this is the first of the kind I have seen since I left the Illinois. just as we were seting out Drewyer arrived with two deer.

we continued our rout down the valley about 4 miles and crossed the river; it is hear a handsome stream about 100 yards wide and affords a considerable quantity of very clear water, the banks are low and it's bed entirely gravel. the stream appears navigable, but from the circumstance of their being no sammon in it I believe that there must be a considerable fall in it below. our guide could not inform us where this river discharge itself into the columbia river he informed us that it continues it's course along the mountains to the N. as far as he knew it and that not very distant from where we then were it formed a junction with a stream nearly as large as itself which took it's rise in the mountains near the Missouri to the East of us and passed through an extensive valley generally open prarie which forms an excellent pass to the Missouri. the point of the Missouri where this Indian pass intersects it, is about 30 miles above the gates of the rocky mountain, or the place where the valley of the Missouri first widens into an extensive plain after entering the rockey mountains. the guide informed us that a man might pass to the missouri
from hence by that rout in four days.

we continued our rout down the W. side of the river about 5 miles further and encamped on a large creek which falls
in on the West as our guide informes that we should leave the river at this place and the weather appearing settled and fair I determined to halt the next day rest our horses and take some scelestial Observations. we called this
Creek Travellers rest. it is about 20 yards wide a fine bould clear runing stream the land through which we passed is but indifferent a could white gravley soil. we estimate our journey of this day at 19 M.

Clark: a fair morning Set out early and proceeded on thro a plain as yesterday down the valley Crossed a large Scattering Creek on which Cotton trees grew at 1˝ miles, a Small one at 10 miles, both from the right, the main river at 15 miles & Encamped on a large Creek from the left which we call Travelers rest Creek. killed 4 Deer & 4 Ducks & 3 prarie fowls. day fair Wind N. W.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a heavy Cloud and wind from the N W. detained us untill after Sunrise at which time we Set out and proceeded on very well, passed the nemahar which was low and did not appear as wide as when we passed up. Wolf river Scercely runs at all,

at 3 P. M we halted a little above the Nadawa river on the S. Side of the Missouri to kill Some meat that which we killed a fiew days past being all Spoiled. Sent out 6 hunters they killed and brought in two Deer only, we proceeded on a fiew miles below the Nadawa Island and encamped on a Small Isld. near the N. E. Side,

haveing Came 40 Miles only to day, river rapid and in maney places Crouded with Snag's. I observe on the Shores much deer Sign— the mosquitoes are no longer troublesome on the river, from what cause they are noumerous above and not So on this part of the river I cannot account.

Wolves were howling in different directions this evening after we had encamped, and the barking of the little prarie wolves resembled those of our Common Small Dogs that ľ of the party believed them to be the dogs of Some boat assending which was yet below us. the barking of those little wolves I have frequently taken notice of on this as also the other Side of the Rocky mountains, and their Bark so much resembles or Sounds to me like our Common Small Cur dogs that I have frequently mistaken them for that Speces of dog—

The papaws nearly ripe—.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Missouri 09/11/1806

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1814 U.S. Forces Rout the British Fleet on Lake Champlain New York Vermont War of 1812 Naval History History Channel
1821 News of Mexico's Independence from Spain Reaches Santa Fe Where All Local Government Officials Swear Allegiance to Mexico Mexico Spain Santa Fe, New Mexico New Mexico Magazine
1841 All But One Member of President Tyler's Cabinet Resign Over Bank Issue John Tyler The American Presidency Economics History Channel
1842 Mexican General Adrián Woll Captures San Antonio with a Force of 12,000 Mexico Military Figures San Antonio, Texas War Texas State historical Association
1847 Stephen Foster's "Oh! Susanna" Is Performed for the First Time at an Ice Cream Saloon in Pittsburgh Stephen Foster American Composers Popular Music Historic Firsts PBS
1850 Swedish Soprano Jenny Lind Makes Her American Debut at the Castle Garden Theatre in New York City Jenny Lind New York City Popular Music Opera Library of Congress American Public Media
1851 In Christiana, Pennsylvania, African-Americans and Abolitionists Are Arrested Resisting Fugitive Slave Posse Christiana, Pennsylvania African-American Heritage Slavery History Channel African American Registry
1854 Illinois Journal Publishes Editorial by Abraham Lincoln on the Kansas-Nebraska Act Illinois Kansas-Nebraska Act Slavery Abraham Lincoln Journalism Lincoln Library
1857 In Mountain Meadows, Utah, Mormons and Paiute Indians Murder 120 California-bound Emigrants Utah The Mormon Church Paiute Indians Death National Public Radio History Channel
1861 Confederate Troops Take Positions on Western Virginia's Cheat Mountain Virginia Cheat Mountain, West Virginia American Civil War National Park Service History Channel
1862 A Landing Party from the U.S.S. Sagamore Attacks Salt Works at St. Andrew's Bay, Florida Florida American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
Confederate Cannoneers Duel the Federal Gunboat, Union, at Florida's St. John's Bluff Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida State Historical Association
1863 President Lincoln Directs Tennessee Governor, Andrew Johnson, to Organize a Loyal State Government Tennessee Government Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson American Civil War Lincoln Library
1864 10-day Truce Declared to Allow Residents to Evacuate Atlanta Georgia Fall of Atlanta State of Georgia
1880 Mulberry, Arkansas Is Incorporated Mulberry, Arkansas State of Arkansas
1887 Antonin Dvorák's Mass in D, Op. 86 Is Premiered at a Private Performance in Luzany (Slovakia) Slovakia Antonin Dvorák Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1888 The University of Minnesota Law School Opens with Thirty-Two Students and One Faculty Member Minnesota Education Education Law and Legal Resources University of Minnesota Law School Minnesota Historical Society
1889 Galloway College Opens as a Methodist School for Women in Searcy, Arkansas Searcy, Arkansas Education Women Religion Central Arkanasa Library System State of Arkanasa
1895 The Church of the Brethren Opens Manchester College in North Manchester, Indiana North Manchester, Indiana Education Religion Manchester College Indiana Historical Society
1896 A Special Train Carries Ojibwe Indians to Ashland, Wisconsin to See the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show Minnesota Ashland, Wisconsin Native American Heritage Railroad Minnesota Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1900 Francis and Freelan Stanley Receive a Motor Vehicle Patent Stanley Steamer Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions USPTO
1902 Striking South African Workers Are Sentenced to One-Month Imprisonment at Hard Labor South Africa Labor Job Actions Law and Legal Resources South African History
The Largest Forest Fire in Washington State's Recorded History Begins Washington Trees Fire Safety Death HistoryLink
1903 Auto Racing Debuts at the Milwaukee Mile Milwaukee, Wisconsin Auto Racing Historic Firsts Milwaukee Mile Wisconsin Historical Society
1908 Thomas Edison Visits Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Ohio Inventors & Inventions HistoryLink
1912 St. Mary's Hospital Is Dedicated in Madison, Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Health Care St. Mary's Hospital Wisconsin Historical Society
1924 West Virginia's Terra Alta-Kingwood Road, Is Officially Opened West Virginia Automotives West Virginia State Archive
George Gershwin's Musical, "Primrose," Is First Performed at the Winter Garden Theater in London London, England George Gershwin Composers American Musicals Historic Firsts American Public Media
1928 Ty Cobb Takes His Last At-Bat in Major League Baseball Ty Cobb Baseball Hall of Fame State of Georgia
1930 Katherine Anne Porter Publishes Flowering Judas Katherine Anne Porter American Authors History Channel
1931 A Temperature of 111 Degrees is Recorded in Beardsley, Minnesota Beardsley, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1933 State of Texas Designates 198 Acres of the Ottine Swamp as Palmetto State Park Texas Parks and Landmarks Palmetto State Park Texas State historical Association
1936 President Roosevelt Dedicates Boulder (Hoover) Dam by Starting Its Generators from Washington, D.C. Nevada Franklin Roosevelt Hoover Dam New York Times
1937 Thomas Wolfe's Story "The Child by Tiger" Is Published by The Saturday Evening Post Thomas Wolfe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1940 Hitler Sends Reinforcements into Romania Romania Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
1941 Ground Is Broken for the Construction of the Pentagon The Pentagon Defense Technical Information Center
1943 German Forces Seize Major Cities in Central and Northern Italy, Including Rome, Milan, Trieste, Genoa, Bologna, Verona, and Cremona Italy Germany World War II The League of Nations
The Inter-American Conference of Education Designates 9/11 "Day of the Teacher" Education Government of Argentina (in Spanish)
1944 President Roosevelt Meets British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Quebec, Canada Canada Franklin Roosevelt Winston Churchill World War II New York Times
5th U.S. Armored Division Liberates Luxembourg (Sep 10-12) Luxembourg World War II Luxembourg Office of Tourism
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1951 Igor Stravinsky Conducts the First Performance of His Opera, "The Rake's Progress," in Venice, Italy Venice, Italy Igor Stravinsky Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1952 The First Artificial Heart Valve Is Implanted The Heart History of Technology Historic Firsts Pediatric Cardiology (pdf)
UN Resolution Returns Eritrea to Ethiopia from Italian/British Control Eritrea Ethipoia Great Britain Italy Country Studies
1954 The Miss America Pageant Is First Broadcast on Network Television Television Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1960 Wilma Rudolph Wins Her Third Gold Medal of the Rome Olympics Wilma Rudolph African-American Sports Figures Track and Field Hall of Fame 1960 Summer Olympics BBC
1962 In London, the Beatles Record Their First Singles, ''Love Me Do'' and ''P.S. I Love You,'' England The Beatles Popular Music Historic Firsts New York Times American Public Media
1967 NASA's Surveyor 5 Lands on the Moon, Begins Elemental Analysis of Surface Lunar Exploration Space Exploration NASA
''The Carol Burnett Show'' Premiers on CBS. Television CBS Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database New York Times
1971 The First Minnesota Renaissance Festival Opens at Lake Grace in Jonathan Minnesota The Renaissance Historic Firsts Minnesota Renaissance Festival Minnesota Historical Society
1973 Chilean President Salvador Allende Dies in Military Coup d'état Salvador Allende Death History Channel BBC
1974 Little House on the Prairie Debuts on Television Laura Ingalls Wilder Children's Television Internet Movie Database
1978 In Delaware, a Court Orders the Use of Busing to Integrate the Schools of Wilmington, Delaware and New Castle County New Castle County, Delaware Education Racism Transportation State of Delaware
1982 The USS Michigan Trident Submarine Is Launched at Groton, Connecticut MIchigan Groton, Connecticut Submarines Michigan State Historical Society
1983 Jimmy Connors Wins His Fifth and Final United States Open Tennis Title Jimmy Connors Tennis Hall of Fame U.S. Open New York Times
1985 Pete Rose Breaks Ty Cobb's Record with Career Hit 4,192 Pete Rose Ty Cobb Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
1990 Utility Service Is Cut Off to Homes Boycotting Rents in South Africa's Tumahole Township South Africa Housing Economics South African History
1991 President Mikhail Gorbachev Announces the End of the Soviet Union's Military Presence in Cuba Cuba Fall of Soviet Communism Cold War TV News Archives
1992 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 8, Injures 37, in Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) Zaire Earthquakes Death USGS
1994 Andre Agassi Wins His First United States Open Tennis Title Nevada Sports Figures Tennis U.S. Open New York Times
1996 South African Mineworkers Sign Agreement on Wages, Working Conditions and Racial Parity South Africa Labor Economics Racism South African History
1997 Scotland Votes to Establish Its Own Parliament after 290 years of Union with England Scottish Government English Government Voting New York Times
1999 Serena Williams Wins the U.S. Open Tennis Championship Serena Williams African-American Sports Figures Tennis U.S. Open CNN African American Registry
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
2001 Terrorist Attacks Destroy Both NYC World Trade Towers: 3,748 die New York City Case Study of September 11 Terrorism Death
Terrorists Crash Jet Airliner into the Pentagon: 189 die Washington, D.C. The Pentagon Terrorism Death
Terrorists Hijacked Jetliner Crashes in Pennsylvania: 44 die Pennsylvania The White House Terrorism Death
2005 Israelis End Occupation of Gaza Israel Palestine BBC