for

SEPTEMBER 12

 
 

Maryland
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In what state was the Battle of North Point fought on this date in 1814? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What television show aired its final episodes on this date in 1963? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. What U.S. road was opened the same year the Lascaux Cave paintings were discovered in France? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Kristin Hunter-Lattany (according to the University of Pennsylvania).
LAD LED NORTH
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who was the South African civil rights activist who died in prison on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, with whom did Irčne Joliot-Curie share her 1935 Nobel Prize for Chemistry? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Art Institute of Chicago, what did Richard Hunt convert into a studio on Chicago's mid-North Side? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 1919 work by H.L. Mencken (according to the Authors' Calendar):
HAUL ME AN ICE REGATE
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, what was the weight of the Luna 2 spacecraft launched on this date in 1959?

2. In what year did friends and family come together to create the Jesse Owens Foundation?

3. According to the New York Times, where was Steven Biko when he died?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a signature piece of Richard Hunt (according to the History Makers):
FLOCK FLAINT NASTY
 
 

Don Pedro Albizu Campos
Born on This Date 1891

[National Louis University]

Puerto Rican Political and Social Leaders


Irčne Joliot-Curie
Born on This Date in 1897

[Nobel Foundation]

Chemist 1935 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry


Jesse Owens
Born on This Date 1913

[Official Website]

Track & Field Hall of Fame Olympic Track & Field Champion


Kristin Hunter-Lattany
Born on This Date 1931

[Gale Group]

Young-adult Author


Richard Hunt
Born on This Date 1935

[The History Makers]

American Artists

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
Icon
Maryland: Defenders' Day
(Commemorates militia victory at Battle of North Point during the War of 1812: 9/12/1814)
Battle of North Point War of 1812 Baltimore County Public Library
 Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1919 Harold Faber (New York City-born Children's Historical Author) New York City Authors Young-adult Non-fiction U.S. History
1920 Milton Dank (Pennsylvania-born Children's Historical Author) Pennsylvania Authors Young-adult Non-fiction World War II U.S. History
1931 Kristin Hunter-Lattany (Pennsylvania-born African-American Children's Author) Kristin Hunter-Lattany Young-adult Authors Famous African Americans
1949 Kevin Major (Canadian Children Author) Kevin Major
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1829 Charles Dudley Warner (Massachusetts-born Author) Charles Dudley Warner
1880 H.L. Mencken (Maryland-born Author, Journalist, Satirist) H.L.  Mencken
1892 Alfred A. Knopf (New York City-born Publisher) Alfred A. Knopf
1921 Stanislaw Lem (Polish Science Fiction Writer) Stanislaw Lem
1943 Michael Ondaatje (Sri Lankan Poet and Novelist) Michael Ondaatje Poetry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1898 Ben Shahn (Lithuanian-born American Painter and Graphic Artist) Lituanian Artists American Artists
1935 Richard Hunt (Chicago-born African-American Metal Sculptor) Richard Hunt African American Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1939 Phillip Ramey (Chicago-born Composer) Chicago Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1812 Richard Hoe (New York City-born Inventor of the Rotary Printing Press) New York City Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Journalism Biography.com
1818 Richard Gatling (North Carolina-born Inventor of the Gatling Gun) North Carolina Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions War New York Times
1897 Irčne Joliot-Curie (French-born 1935 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Irčne Joliot-Curie Chemistry 1935 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
Business Leaders
1818 David Macpherson (Scottish-born American Politician and Railway Builder) Scottish Business Leaders Railroads
Political & Social Leaders
1492 Lorenzo di Medici (Florentine Ruler: 1513-9) Lorenzo di Medici New York Times
1494 Francis I, King of France (1515-47) French Political and Social Leaders
1708 Jonathan Bryan (South Carolina-born Businessman, Statesman; Namesake of Bryan County, Georgia) South Carolina Poltical and Social Leaders Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1829 Alexander Stewart (Canadian-American Member of the U.S. Congress from Wisconsin) Canadian Poltical and Social Leaders Wisconsin Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1859 Florence Kelly (Pennsylvania-born African-American Social Reformist/Rights Activist) Pennsylvania Poltical and Social Leaders Community & Human Services African American Registry
1883 Theodore Christianson (21st Governor of Minnesota: 1925-1931) Minnesota Political and Social Leader Minnesota Historical Society
1891 Don Pedro Albizu Campos (Puerto Rican Independence Activist) Don Pedro Albizu Campos Activist for Puerto Rican Independence Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
1898 Giuseppe Saragat (Founder of the Socialist Party of Italian Workers) Italian Political and Social Leaders Labor
1924 Amilcar Cabral (Father of Modern African Nationalism in Guinea-Bissau and the Cape Verde Islands) Amilcar Cabral
Performing Artists
1888 Maurice Chevalier (French Musical Comedy Star of Stage and Screen) Parisian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1909 Kenneth Threadgill (Texas-born Country & Western Singer) Texas Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians Texas State Historical Association
1931 George Jones (Texas-born Country & Western Singer) George Jones Country & Western Musicians
1944 Barry White (Texas-born African-American Popular Singer) Texas Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists African American Registry Biography.com
Sports Figures
1913 Jesse Owens (Alabama-born African-American Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Jesse Owens Track & Field Hall of Fame The Olympic Games Famous African Americans
Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1937 Ruffin G. Pleasant (Governor of Louisiana: 1916-1920) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1966 Florence E. Allen (Utah-born Ohio Supreme Court Justice; First Woman to Serve on Any State Supreme Court) Utah Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Ohio Historical Society
1972 William Boyd (Ohio-born Actor: "Hopalong Cassidy") Ohio Performing Artists Actor Film Westward Expansion Internet Movie Database History Channel
1977 Steven Biko (South African Civil Rights/Human Rights Activist) Apratheid Rights History Channel New York Times BBC
1992 Anthony Perkins (New York City-born Actor: Norman Bates in Psycho) New York City Performing Artists Actor Psycho Internet Movie Database
2003 Johnny Cash (Arkansas-born Country & Western Singer) Johnny Cash Country & Western Musicians
2009 Norman Borlaug (Iowa-born Agronomist; 1970 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Norman Borlaug Farming & Agriculture Earth & Environmental Science 1970 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Jack Kramer (Nevada-born Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) Jack Kramer International Tennis Hall of Fame
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1609 Henry Hudson First Navigates the Hudson River Henry Hudson New York Naval History Historic Firsts New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1777 The British 71st Regiment, Fraser's Highlanders, Captures Delaware's Governor Along with State Monies and Records Great Britain Delaware Revolutionary War State of Delaware
1782 Elizabeth Zane Makes a Daring Run to Procure Gunpowder for the Defenders of West Virginia's Fort Henry, Besieged by Native American Forces Wheeling, West Virginia Forts Native-American Heritage American Women in thre Military Revolutionary War West Virginia State Archives
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: At sunrise we set out. It rained in intervals until three in the afternoon. We passed many bad riffles
including Wilson's riffle. At this rifflewe had to channel through the gravel with spades and canoe paddles and drag the boat through. This took us about four hours. On the north-west shore I bought some potatoes and corn from a Yankee farmer in exchange for some lead. We came 20 miles today.
Ohio West Virginia Weather Corn and Potatoes Business The Ohio River University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a white frost Set out at 7 oClock & proceeded on up the Creek, passed a Fork on the right on which I saw near an old Indian encampment a Swet house Covered wthh earth,

at 2 miles assended a high hill & proceeded through a hilley and thickly timbered Countrey for 9 miles & on the Right of the Creek, passing Several branches from the right of fine clear water and Struck at a fork at which place the road forks, one passing up each fork.

The Timber is Short & long leaf Pine Spruce Pine & fur. The road through this hilley Countrey is verry bad passing over hills & thro' Steep hollows, over falling timber &c. &c.

continued on & passed Some most intolerable road on the Sides of the Steep Stoney mountains, which might be avoided by keeping up the Creek which is thickly covered with under groth & falling timber

Crossed a mountain 8 miles with out water & encamped on a hill Side on the Creek after Decending a long Steep mountain, Some of our Party did not git up untill 10 oClock P M. I mad camp at 8 on this roade & particularly on this Creek the Indians have pealed a number of Pine for the under bark which they eate at certain Season of the year, I am told in the Spring they make use of his bark

our hunters Killed only one Pheasant this after noon. Party and horses much fatigued.


Ordway: a fair morning. a white frost.

the hunters Set out eairly we loaded and Set out Soon after and proceeded on

Soon took the Mountains came up and down Several Steep places crossed Several Small creeks and we descended a bad Step part of the Mout. and came down on the creek again and halted to dine

our hunters had killed this day 4 Deer and a pheasant we dined and proceeded on

crossed 2 more creeks ascended up a mountain on a high ridge a verry bad trail rough and rockey. we found no water nor place to Camp untill 10 oClock at night. then descended a Steep part of the Mountain. came down on the creek which we left this morning or at noon and we had came 17˝ miles this day. and near Sd. creek where we could not find a level place to Sleep, and Scarcely any feed for our horses

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a thick fog a litile before day which blew off at day light. a heavy Dew this morning.

we Set out at Sunrise the usial hour and proceeded on very well about 7 miles met 2 perogues from St. Louis one contained the property of Mr. Choteau bound to the panias on River Platt, the other going up trapping as high as the Mahars. here we met one of the french men who had accompanied us as high as the Mandans he informed us that Mr. McClellen was a fiew miles below

the wind blew a head Soon after we pased those perogues, we Saw a man on Shore who informed us that he was one of Mr. McClellens party and that he was a Short distance below, we took this man on board and proceeded on and Met Mr. McClellin

at the St. Michl. Prarie we came too here we found Mr. Jo Gravelin the Ricaras enterpreter whome we had Sent down with a Ricaras Chief in the Spring of 1805 and old Mr. Durion the Sieux enterpreter, we examined the instructions of those interpreters and found that Gravelin was ordered to the Ricaras with a Speach from the president of the U. States to that nation and some presents which had been given the Ricara Cheif who had visited the U. States and unfortunately died at the City of Washington,

he was instructed to teach the Ricaras agriculture & make every enquirey after Capt Lewis my self and the party— Mr. Durion was enstructed to accompany Gravelin and through his influence pass him with his presents & by the tetons bands of Sieux, and to provale on Some of the Principal chiefs of those bands not exceeding six to visit the Seat of the Government next Spring he was also enstructed to make every enquirey after us.

we made Some Small addition to his instructions by extending the number of Chiefs to 10 or 12 or 3 from each band including the Yanktons &c. Mr. McClellin receved us very politely, and gave us all the news and occurrences which had taken place in the Illinois within his knowledge

the evening proveing to be wet and Cloudy we Concluded to continue all night, we despatched the two Canoes a head to hunt with 5 hunters in them

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Missouri6

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1814 3,000 Militia Repel Advance of 9,000 British Troops to Baltimore Maryland War of 1812 Baltimore County Public Library
1836 Arkansas' First Legislature Meets in the State House Arkansas Legislature Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1838 Mother of Potawatomi Chief Wewissa Dies Near Battleground, Indiana on Trail of Death to Kansas Indiana Illinois Missouri Kansas Potawatami Indians Northern Indiana Center for History
1844 Texas' Castro Colony Holds First Election Texas Elections Texas State Historical Association
1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning Elope Elizabeth Barrett Browning Robert Browning Poetry History Channel
1847 The First German Language Catholic Church in Milwaukee Is Dedicated German Language Milwaukee, Wisconsin Catholicism Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1861 Confederates Begin 9-day Siege of Lexington, Missouri Missouri The Siege of Lexington History Channel
1862 Michigan Officials Declare More Than 95,000 Males Eligible for the Nation's First Draft Michigan American Civil War Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1863 Three Federal Ships Capture Confederate Steamer Alabama in Gulf of Mexico Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
U.S.S. Stars and Stripes Attacks Confederate Steamer Spray Captures 2 Sailors Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
Episcopal Bishop, the Right Reverend Alfred Lee, Officiates the Opening of Trinity Chapel at Fort Delaware Fort Delaware Forts Religion American Civil War State of Delaware
1866 First Producing Oil Well in Texas Comes In Texas Economics Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1876 First Workable Typewriter Is Sold in Milwaukee Wisconsin Inventors & Inventions History of Technology Writer's Alamanc
1877 The California Workingmen's Party Is Formed in San Francisco San Francisco Labor Politics The San Francisco Museum
1881 The Balloon Great Northwest, Piloted by Samuel A. King, Fails in Attempts to Fly from Minneapolis to the Atlantic Coast Minneapolis, Minnesota Hot Air Balloons Minnesota Historical Society
1883 The Little Sisters of the Poor Establish Their Convent in St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota Catholicism Little Sisters of the Poor Minnesota Historical Society
1892 The School of Economics, Political Science and History Opens at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Milwaukee Education Education Economics Politics World History University of Alaska Wisconsin Historical Society
1896 Mena, Arkansas Is Incorporated Mena, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1910 Gustav Mahler Conducts the First Performance of His Symphony No. 8 ("Symphony of a Thousand") in Munich, Germany Munich, Germany Gustav Mahler Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1914 Ned Allis, a Native of Milwaukee Representing Harvard University, Wins the National Intercollegiate Golf Association Milwaukee, Wisconsin Golf Harvard Golf Wisconsin Historical Society
1918 General Pershing and the AEF Initiate the Saint-Mihiel Offensive France World War I Library of Congress
British Troops Retake Havincourt, Moeuvres, and Trescault World War I
1919 Coca-Cola Co. Is Purchased for $30M by Trust Company of Georgia Georgia Coca Cola Business University of Georgia
1922 The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines (University of Alaska) Is Dedicated Alaska Education Education University of Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1928 Katherine Hepburn Makes Her Broadway Debut in "Night Hostess" Katherine Hepburn Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database
1938 Adolf Hitler Demands Self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany New York Times
1939 Delaware Day Is Celebrated at the New York World's Fair New York City Delaware State of Delaware
1940 Four French Teenagers Discover Prehistoric Wall Paintings in Lascaux Cave Lascaux Cave Archaeology French Ministry of Culture
The SS Quanza, a Portuguese Vessel Carrying 80 Jewish Refugees Fleeing Nazi-occupied Europe, Docks at Norfolk, Virginia Nazi Germany Portugal Norfolk, Virginia Judaism Immigration Virginia Historical Society
1942 German U-boat Sinks British Troop Ship Laconia World War II Naval History History Channel
1944 U.S. Troops Enter Germany for the First Time Near Trier Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
5th U.S. Armored Division Liberates Luxembourg (Sep 10-12) Luxembourg World War II Luxembourg Office of Tourism
1947 Screen Actors Guild Adopts Voluntary "Loyalty Oath" Actors McCarthyism History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1953 Nikita Khrushchev Elected First Communist Party Secretary Nikita Khrushchev The Soviet Union CNN
Senator John F. Kennedy Marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier John F. Kennedy New York Times
1954 Leonard Bernstein's "Serenade" (after Plato's "Symposium") Is First Performed at Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy Venice, Italy Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts Teatro La Fenice American Public Media
Lassie Makes Television Debut Dogs Children's Television Internet Movie Database
1959 Soviets Launch Luna 2, First Spacecraft to Reach the Surface of the Moon Soviet Space Program Lunar Exploration Space Exploration BBC
1960 President Eisenhower Designates Parts of Florida Disaster Areas Following Hurricane Donna Florida President Dwight Eisenhower Hurricanes Florida State Historical Association
1963 Final Episode of Leave It to Beaver Airs Children's Television History Channel
1970 Palestinian Militants Blow Up Three Planes At Jordanian Airfield Jordan Aviation Terrorism BBC
1971 Palisades Amusement Park in New Jersey Is Closed New Jersey Rollercoasters Rollercoaster Database
1974 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie Deposed & Replaced by Military Council Known as the Derg Ethiopia U.S. State Department
Boston Begins Court-Ordered School Busing Program Amid Scattered Violence Boston, Massachusetts Education U.S. Civil Rights Movement Law & Legal Resources African-American Heritage City of Boston
1977 South African Student Leader Steven Biko Dies in Prison Apratheid Rights History Channel New York Times BBC
1984 NBA Rookie, Michael Jordan, Signs 7-year Contract with Chicago Bulls Michael Jordan Basketball Famous African Americans NBA
1988 Hurricane Gilbert Slams Jamaica with 145 mph Winds of 145 mph: 45 Die, $1B Damage Jamaica Hurricanes Death Economics New York Times
1990 Allied Powers Clear the Way for German Reunification Germany Fall of Soviet Communism History Channel
1991 Space Shuttle Discovery Lifts Off to Deploy Ozone Observatory Earth Science Space Exploration NASA
1992 Dr. Mae Carol Jemison Is First African-American Woman in Space  Dr. Mae Carol Jemison Women Astronauts Famous African Americans NASA
Police in Peru Capture Abimael Guzman, Founder of Shining Path Rebel Group Peru CNN
1997 Scots Vote for "Home Rule" Scotland Voting BBC
1999 Indonesia Agrees to Allow International Peacekeepers to Restore Order to East Timor Indonesia East Timor War New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - Present
2001 President Bush Labels 9/11 Terrorist Attacks ''Acts of War'' Terrorist Attacks of 9/11 President George W. Bush Terrorism CNN
2002 President Bush Tells United Nations to Confront Iraq or Step Aside United Nations Iraq President George W. Bush Terrorism CNN
When an Air Portugal Airliner Fails to Obey Air Traffic Control Instructions, Fighter Jets Escort It to Dover, Delaware Air Force Base Portugal Delaware Aviation History Terrorism State of Delaware