for

The United States The United States

SEPTEMBER 13

The United States The United States
 
 

United States
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What was the first year that the U.S. first celebrated Commodore John Barry Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What city did Congress select to be the nation's capital on this date in 1789? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Author's Calendar, Roald Dahl's parents were Norwegian, but which country was he born in? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, writer or journalist who was born on this date.
LOCAL KINEA
INTERMEDIATE

1. What U.S. fort was bombarded on this date in 1814? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Milton Hershey School, Milton Hershey was born near what village? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Independence Hall Association, who was the contemporary who overshadowed John Barry? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Mildred Taylor (according to James Madison University).
FREESTONE GHOST
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of Virginia, in what year did Walter Reed graduate from the university's medical school?

2. According to PBS, who was Louis Armstrong's mentor when he first began to perform with pick-up bands in small clubs and play funerals and parades around New Orleans?

3. According to the History Channel, who was the General who stormed the ancient Chapultepec fortress on this date in 1847 to win the last major battle of the Mexican-American War?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 1929 work by Sherwood Anderson (according to the Authors' Calendar):
SELL NOT HOW
 
 

Walter Reed
Born on This Date 1851

[University of Virginia]

Medical Research


Milton Snavely Hershey
Born on This Date in 1857

[Milton Hershey School]

Hershey Candy Company


Sherwood Anderson
Born on This Date 1876

[George Mason University]

American Authors


Roald Dahl
Born on This Date 1916

[Cassadaga Valley Central School, NY]

Young-adult Authors


Mildred Taylor
Born on This Date 1943

[Penguin Putnam]

Young-adult Authors

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
Icon
United States: Commodore John Barry Day
(Commemorates the life of Commodore John Barry: Established by 1981 Presidential Proclamation)
Commodore John Barry Naval History American Revolution Presidential Proclamation
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1916 Roald Dahl (Welsh Children's Author) Roald Dahl Young-adult Authors
1917 Carol Kendall (Ohio-born Children's Author) Carol Kendall Young-adult Authors
1920 Else Minarik (Danish Children's Author) Else Minarik Primary Children's Authors
1943 Mildred Taylor (Mississippi-born African-American Children's Author) Mildred Taylor Young-adult Authors Famous African Americans
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1876 Sherwood Anderson (Ohio-born Author: Winesburg, Ohio) Sherwood Anderson
1886 Alain Locke (Pennsylvania-born African-American Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Noted Educators African American Authors African American Registry
1894 J.B. Priestley (English Novelist, Essayist, Dramatist) J.B. Priestley Plays
1931 Adrienne Kennedy (Pennsylvania-born African-American Author, Playwright) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Plays African American Authors African American Registry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1928 Robert Indiana (Indiana-born Sculptor) Robert Indiana American Artists
1819 Clara Schumann (German Pianist and Composer) German Composers Classical Musicians Composers
1874 Arnold Schoenberg (Austrian-American Composer) Austrian Composers American Composers
1917 Robert Ward (Ohio-born Composer) Ohio Composers American Composers
1924 Maurice Jarre (French Film Composer) Maurice Jarre Composers Filmmakers
1851 Walter Reed (Virginia-born Pathologist and Bacteriologist: Yellow Fever) Walter Reed Medical Research Yellow Fever
1941 Ed Roberts (Florida-born "Father of the Personal Computer") Ed Roberts Computer Technology Inventors & Inventions Bill Gates & Microsoft

1813 Daniel Macmillan (Scottish Bookseller; Co-founder of Macmillan Publishing Company) Scottish Business Leaders Literature Macmillan Publishing Company
1826 Anthony Drexel (Pennsylvania-born Banker, Philanthropist: Founder of Drexel University) Pennsylvania Business Leaders Business Education Drexel University
1857 Milton Snavely Hershey (Pennsylvania-born Founder of Hershey Candy Company) Milton Snavely Hershey Chocolate Hershey Candy Company
1739 Grigory Potemkin (Russian Military Leader and Statesman) Russian Military Leaders
1860 John J. Pershing (Missouri-born Commander of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I) John J. Pershing World War I
Political and Social Leaders
1813 William Augustus Barstow (Connecticut-born Governor of Wisconsin) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1831 Samuel West Peel (First Native Son to Represent Arkansas in the U.S. Congress) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
1865 Maud Ballington Booth (English-American co-Founder of Volunteers of America) English Political and Social Leaders Volunteers of America
1941 Oscar Arias Sánchez (Former President of Costa Rica: 1987 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Oscar Arias Sánchez 1987 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1903 Claudette Colbert (French-born 1934 Academy Award-Winning Actress) Paris Performing Artists Actors Film 1934 Academy Award for It Happened One Night Biography
1911 Bill Monroe (Kentucky-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame & the Country Western Music Hall of Fame) Bill Monroe Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Country and Western Music Hall of Fame
1925 Mel Tormé (Chicago-born Jazz Vocalist) Mel Torme Jazz Popular Musicians
1948 Nell Carter (Alabama-born African-American Stage and Popular Singer) Alabama Performing Artists Actors Television African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1977 Fiona Apple (New York City-born Popular Singer) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians Intrernet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1967 Michael Johnson (Texas-born African-American Member of the Track Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Olympic Games African American Sports Figures Track and Field Hall of Fame
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1597 Father Pedro Corpa (Catholic Missionary in the Florida Territory) Florida Catholicism Native-American Heritage Historic Firsts Florida State Historical Society
1803 John Barry (Irish-born Father of the U.S. Navy) John Barry U.S. Military Leaders American Revolution
1832 Father Gabriel Richard (French Catholic Missionary, Educator Who Served Detroit) French Political and Social Leaders Detroit Political and Social Leaders Catholicism State of Michigan
1860 Anthony Bewley (Texas-born Abolitionist Minister; Lynched in Fort Worth, TX) Texas Religion Abolition Crime Texas State Historical Association
1881 Ambrose Burnside (Indiana-born Union General) Ambrose Burnside American Military Leaders American Civil War
1925 Alexander Sanger (Texas Merchant, Civic Leader, and Philanthropist) Texas Business Philanthropy Education Texas State Historical Association
1977 Leopold Stokowski (English Symphonic Conductor) English Performing Artists Classical Music
1998 George Wallace (Governor of Alabama) George Wallace American Political Leaders
2006 Ann Richards (Governor of Texas) Texas Political and Social Leaders American Political Leaders NPR
Icon Icon
1597 Indians Murder Father Pedro Corpa, at Florida Territory's Tolomato Mission Florida Catholicism Native-American Heritage Historic Firsts Florida State Historical Society
1663 Colonial America's First Serious Slave Conspiracy Occurs in Gloucester County, Virginia Virginia Colonial America Slavery Historic Firsts African American Registry
1759 British Defeat French at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham Great Britain France Seven Years War Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1786 French Explorer Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse Sails into Monterey Bay, CA French Explorers Monterey County, California Explorers American Journeys
1788 Constitutional Convention Authorizes First Federal Election U.S. Constitution Elections New York Times
1789 Congress Selects New York City as Nation's Capital U.S. Congress New York City New York Times
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: It was clear this morning so we set out at sunrise. We had to lift the boat over some riffles. I observed many pigeons passing over us moving south. The squirrels continue to cross the river from north-west to south-east. We arrived at Marietta which is a hundred miles from Wheeling. We will lay here all night and I wrote the President. I then dismissed two of my hands and hired two more. This evening I was visited by Col. Green, the postmaster of this town, he is much a gentleman and an excellent republican.
Ohio West Virginia President Thomas Jefferson Squirrels Keelboats The Ohio River University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Today was also dark and drizzly. Last night one of the hunters caught four beaver. The winds from the northwest are very cold. The water is still very shallow. Made twelve miles today through a number of sandbars, which make it difficult to find the proper channel. At night the mosquitoes were verry troublesome.

Lewis: Killed a Porcupine; found it in a Cottonwood tree near the river. the leaves of the Cottonwood were much distroyed-as were those of the Cottonwood trees in it's neighbourhood. I therefore supposed that it fed on the folage of trees at this season. The flesh of this anamal is a pleasant and whoalsome food— the quills had not yet obtained their usual length— it has four long toes, before on each foot, and the same number behind with the addition of one short one on each hind foot on the inner side. the toes of the feet are armed with long black nails particularly the fore feet— they weigh from 15 to 20 lbs— they resemble the slowth very much in the form of their hands, or fore feet. their teeth and eyes are like the bever—

South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 09/13/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Porcupine Cottonwood Tree Blue-winged Teal Beaver The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a cloud morning

Capt Lewis and one of our guides lost their horses, Capt Lewis & 4 men detained to hunt the horses, I proceeded on with the partey up the Creek

at 2 miles passed Several Springs which I observed the Deer Elk &c. had made roads to, and below one of the Indians had made a whole to bathe, I tasted this water and found it hot & not bad tasted in further examonation I found this water nearly boiling hot at the places it Spouted from the rocks (which a hard Corse Grit, and of great size the rocks on the Side of the Mountain of the Same texture[) I put my finger in the water, at first could not
bare it in a Second—

as Several roads led from these Springs in different derections, my Guide took a wrong road and took us out of
our rout 3 miles through intolerable rout, after falling into the right road I proceeded on thro tolerabl rout for abt. 4 or 5 miles and halted to let our horses graze as well as waite for Capt Lewis who has not yet Come up,

The pine Countrey falling timber &c. &c. Continue. This Creek is verry much damed up with the beaver, but we
can See none,

dispatched two men back to hunt Capt Lewis horse, after he came up, and we proceeded over a mountain to the head of the Creek which we left to our left and at 6 miles from the place I nooned it, we fell on a Small Creek from the left which Passed through open glades Some of which ½ a mile wide, [3] we proceeded down this Creek about 2 miles to where the mountains Closed on either Side crossing the Creek Several tmes & Encamped.


Gass: A cloudy morning. Capt Lewis's horse could not be found; but some of the men were left to hunt for him
and we proceeded on.

When we had gone 2 miles, we came to a most beautiful warm spring, the water of which is considerably above blood-heat; and I could not bear my hand in it without uneasiness. There are so many paths leading to and from this spring, that our guide took a wrong one for a mile or two, and we had bad travelling across till we got into the road again. At noon we halted.

Game is scarce; and our hunters killed nothing since yesterday morning; though 4 of the best were constantly out, and every one of them furnished with a good horse. While we remained here, Capt Lewis and the men, who had been left with him, came up; but had not found the horse.

At 2 o'clock we proceeded on again over a mountain, and in our way found a Deer, which our hunters had killed
and hung up. In a short time we met with them, and Capt Lewis sent two back to look for the horse. We passed over a dividing ridge to the waters of another creek, and after travelling 12 miles we encamped on the creek, up which there are some prairies or plains.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: rose early Mr. McClellen gave each man a Dram and a little after Sunrise we Set out the wind hard a head from the S E

at 8 A M we landed at the camp of the 5 hunters whome we had Sent a head, they had killed nothing, the wind being too high for us to proceed in Safty through the emecity of Snags which was imediately below we concluded to lye by and Sent on the Small Canoes a Short distance to hunt and kill Some meat,

we Sent out 2 men in the bottom they Soon returned with one turky and informed that the rushes was so high and thick that it was impossible to kill any deer. I felt my Self very unwell and derected a little Chocolate which Mr. McClellen gave us, prepared of which I drank about a pint and found great relief

at 11 A. M. we proceeded on about 1 mile and come up with the hunters who had killed 4 deer, here we delayed untill 5 P. M when the hunters all joined us and we again proceded on down a fiew miles and encamped on the N E Side of the Missouri haveing decended 18 Miles only to day.

the day disagreeably worm. one man George Shannon left his horn and pouch with his powder ball and knife and did not think of it untill night.

I walked in the bottom in the thick rushes and the Growth of timber Common to the Illinois Such as cotton wood, Sycamore, ash mulberry, Elm of different Species, walnut, hickory, horn beem, pappaw arrow wood willow, prickly ash, &c and Grape vines, pees of 3 species &c &c. Birds most Common the buzzard Crow the hotting owl and hawks, &c. &c.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1813 In Wilmington, Delaware, the United Church of Africans Is Formed as the First Church Entirely Controlled by African Americans Wilmington, Delaware Religion African-American Heritage Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1814 Francis Scott Key Watches British Bombardment of Fort McHenry Francis Scott key Fort McHenry Star Spangled Banner American Composers & Songwriters War 1812
1822 City of St. Augustine Is Incorporated Under Florida Territorial Laws St Augustine, Florida Florida State Historical Society
1836 Work Begins on Indiana's Whitewater Canal at Brookville Indiana Canals Canal Society of Indiana
James Conway Is Inaugurated as Arkansas' First Governor Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1847 Americans Storm Chapultepec - Last Major Battle of Mexican-American War Mexico Mexican-American War The History Channel
1859 Chief Justice of California's Supreme Court Mortally Wounds a U.S. Senator in a Duel California U.S. Congress Gun Control Death California Offica of Historic Preservation
1860 Abolitionist Minister Anthony Bewley Is Lynched in Fort Worth, Texas Texas Religion Abolition Death Texas State Historical Association
1861 Wisconsin's 8th Infantry Is Mustered into Service at Camp Randall in Madison Madison, Wisconsin American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1862 Union Soldiers Find Lee's Battle Plan for Antietam Robert E. Lee Battle of Antietam History Channel
1863 U.S.S. DeSoto Captures British Steamer Montgomery After 9-hour Chase Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Society
Virginia City's Territorial Enterprise Publishes Short Story by Mark Twain Nevada Mark Twain American Authors Journalism American Collection
1883 Free-Grass Advocates Begin Cutting Wires of Fenced Texas Ranches Texas Cattle Texas State Historical Association
1886 University of Maryland Eastern Shore Founded by Methodist Episcopal Church Maryland Education University of Maryland Eastern Shore African American Registry
1887 Rector, Arkansas Is Incorporated Rector, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1892 The Admission of Three Women Makes Auburn the First Coeducational University in Alabama Alabama Education Women Historic Firsts Auburn University Alabama State Archive
1899 Henry Bliss of New York Is Struck by an Automobile and Will Die the Next Day as America's First Recorded Traffic Fatality New York City Automobile Death Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1900 The Chicago Electric Vehicle Company Test Drives Its First Car in Faribault, Minnesota Faribault, Minnesota Automobiles Electricity Minnesota Historical Association
1918 Residents of Eugene, Oregon Burn Newspapers and Magazines to Protest Unfair Treatment of Local Newsdealers by the Hearst Corporation Eugene, Oregon Journalism Consumer Economics Hearst Corporation SalemOregon.com
1919 President Wilson Campaigns in Seattle for WWI Peace Treaty & League of Nations Washington President Woodrow Wilson Treaty of Versailles HistoryLink
1922 Viola Ross Napier & Bessie Kempton First Two Women Elected to Georgia General Assembly Georgia Women Elections Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1923 First Annual Rodeo Is Held in Ellensburg, Washington Washington Rodeo Official Website HistoryLink
1925 Xavier University Opens in New Orleans as the First African-American University New Orleans Education Education African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Xavier University Louisiana Secretary of State
1927 Charles Lindbergh Flies to Seattle Aboard the Spirit of St. Louis Washington Charles Lindbergh HistoryLink
1930 Duluth Minnesota's Municipal Airport Is Dedicated with an Air Show Attended by a Crowd of 15,000 Duluth, Minnesota Aviation Duluth International Airport Minnesota Historical Association
1939 Alabama Legislature Outlaws Open-Range Livestock Grazing Alabama Farming & Agriculture This Week in Alabama History
1940 Italy Invades Egypt Italy Egypt World War II History Channel
The Peninsula Broadcasting Corporation Opens Radio Station WBOC Near Salisbury, Maryland Salisbury, Maryland Radio Business Historic Firsts WBOC State of Delaware
1943 Chiang Kai-shek Becomes Leader of China History of China New York Times
1948 Margaret Chase Smith First Woman Elected to Both Houses of Congress Margaret Chase Smith U.S. Congress Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1951 Americans Begin Assault on Heartbreak Ridge in Korea Korean War New York Times
1953 Bob Trice Is First African American to Play for the Philadelphia Athletics Pennsylvania Baseball African-American Heritage Historic Firsts African American Registry
1955 In a Special Election, 55 Delegates Are Chosen for Alaska's Constitutional Convention Alaska's Constitution Elections Historic Documents of the United States Alaska Historical Society
The Reserve Mining Company Begins the Commercial Production of Taconite in Silver Bay, Minnesota Silver Bay, Minnesota Iron Northshore Mining Company Minnesota Historical Association
1956 Igor Stravinsky Conducts the First Performance of His "Canticum sacrum ad honorem Sancti Marci nomiminis" at St. Mark's in Venice St, Marks, Venice Igor Stravinsky Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1960 Peak of Volcano Haleakala in Maui, Hawaii, Established as a National Park Hawaii Volcanoes  Haleakala National Park
1961 U.S. Unmanned Test Proves Mercury Spacecraft Ready for Manned Missions Space Exploration NASA
1965 Louis Armstrong Wins Best Male Vocalist Grammy for "Hello, Dolly!" Louis Armstrong Popular Musicians The Grammys African-American Performing Artists History Channel
1967 In Ann Arbor, Michigan, Leonard Bernstein Conducts the New York Philharmonic in the Premiere of Aaron Copland's "Inscape" Ann Arbor, Michigan Leonard Bernstein Aaron Copland Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1969 Alabama's Talladega Speedway Opens Alabama NASCAR Talladega
1971 Four-Day Attica State Prison Riot Ends: 37 Dead Attica Prison Riot Prisons Dead PBS
1982 Princess Grace of Monaco Critically Injured in Auto Accident Monaco Grace Kelly Automobiles Actors Film BBC
1985 Polaroid Wins Huge Patent Lawsuit Against Kodak Polaroid Kodak Law & Legal Resources Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1986 In New York City, Leonard Bernstein Conducts the Israel Philharmonic in the Premiere of His "Concerto for Orchestra" Israel Philharmonic New York City Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1988 Hurricane Gilbert's Air Pressure Falls to 888mb Producing 184mph Winds Hurricanes Penn State University
1989 Fay Vincent Succeeds the Late A. Bartlett Giamatti As Commissioner of Major League Baseball Baseball New York Times
1993 Palestinians and Israelis Sign Joint Declaration at the White House Israel President Bill Clinton History Channel New York Times BBC
1996 Gillette Merges with Duracell Business & Economics History Channel
1997 Funeral Services Held in Calcutta, India for Nobel Peace Laureate Mother Teresa India Mother Teresa 1979 Nobel Laureate for Peace New York Times
1998 NBC's ''Frasier'' Wins Record Fifth Consecutive Emmy as TV's Best Comedy Series NBC Television Emmys Internet Movie Database New York Times
2000 James Perkins Elected as First African-American Mayor of Selma, Alabama Alabama Political and Social Leaders Elections Historic Firsts African-American Heritage BBC
2001 Secretary of State Colin Powell Names Osama bin Laden as Prime Suspect in 9/11/ Attacks 9/11 Attacks Colin Powell Osama bin Laden New York Times
2008 Hurricane Ike Blasts Galveston, Houston and the Texas Gulf Coast Texas Hurricanes CNN National Public Radio