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Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
Hispanic Business Leaders Hispanic Related Literature
Hispanic Scientists and Mathematicians Hispanic Teacher Resources
Hispanic Military Leaders
Hispanic Performing Artists
Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
Hispanic Sports Figures
National Hispanic Heritage Month


Separation Bar

Jesse Treviño
Born 1946

[Official Website]


Patrick Flores
Born 1929


Catholic Bishop

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What five countries declared their independence from Spain on this date in 1821? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was initiated by two Overland mail coaches on this date in 1858? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Hispanic Heritage Award Foundation, what award did Patrick Flores receive in 1995? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, poet or journalist born on this date:

1. What theory about the origin of Jupiter's rings was announced on this date in 1998? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the African-American Registry, why was Cannonball Adderley given his nickname in high school? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, what commission did President McKinley appoint William Howard Taft to chair? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1823 book written by James Fenimore Cooper (according to the Authors' Calendar).
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the White House, what disability did Jesse Treviño suffer during the Vietnam War?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Murray Gell-Mann awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize of Physics?

3. According to PBS, on what date was Thomas Blanton convicted of the Sept 15, 1963 church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1963 work by Agatha Christie (according to the Authors' Calendar):
James Fenimore Cooper
James Fenimore Cooper
Born on This Date 1789

[James Fenimore Cooper Society]

American Authors

William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft
Born on This Date 1857

[Library of Congress]

The American Presidency

Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
Born on This Date 1890

[Official Website]


Cannonball Adderley
Cannonball Adderley
Born on This Date 1928

Murray Gell-Mann
Murray Gell-Mann
Born on This Date 1929

[Nobel Foundation]

Sub-atomic Particles1969 Nobel Laureate for Physic

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
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Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Spain by the Central American provinces: 09/15/1821)
Spain Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua
Great Britain: Battle of Britain Day
(Commemorates Britain's decisive defense against Luftwaffe attacks on London: 09/15/1940)
Great Britain NAZI Germany Aviation History Battle of Britain BBC Spartacus
Japan: Keiro no Hi (Respect for the Aged Day)
(Observed annually on September 15)
Respect for the Aged Day
Mexico: Mexican Independence Day (Day 1 of 2)
(Commemorates Father Miguel Hidalgo's pre-dawn declaration of independence from Spain: 09/16/1810)
Mexico Spain PBS
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1914 Robert McCloskey (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors and Illustrators American Artists Writer's Almanac
1950 Tricia Springstubb (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1613 François La Rochefoucauld (French Humorist; Author of Maxims) Paris Authors
1789 James Fenimore Cooper (New Jersey-born Author: Last of the Mohicans) James Fenimore Cooper
1795 James Percival (Connecticut-born Poet, Geologist) Connecticut Authors Poetry Geology Wisconsin Historical Society
1888 Robert Benchley (Massachusetts-born Drama Critic, Actor and Humorist) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Robert Benchley Society Writer's Almanac
1889 Claude McKay (Jamaican-born African-American Poet) Claude McKay Poetry African American Poets
1890 Agatha Christie (English Mystery Novelist and Playwright) Agatha Christie Plays
1902 Theodore Ward (Louisiana-born African-American Playwright) Theodore Ward Plays African American Authors
1940 Anne Moody (Mississippi-born African-American Author) Anne Moody African American Authors
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1863 William Parker (Massachusetts-born Composer) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
1876 Bruno Walter (German Conductor) Bruno Walter Classical Musicians
1913 Henry Brant (Canadian-American Composer) Canadian Composers Composers
1945 Jessye Norman (Georgia-born African-American Operatic Soprano) Jessye Norman Opera African-American Performing Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1795 James Percival (Connecticut-born Geologist, Poet) Connecticut Authors Geology Poetry Wisconsin Historical Society
1815 Jan Matzeliger (Suriname-born African-American Inventor) Jan Matzeliger Inventors & Inventions African American Scientists and Inventors
1852 Edward Bouchet (Connecticut-born African-American Scientist, Educator) Edward Bouchet Science Education African American Scientists and Inventors
1881 Ettore Bugatti (Italian Engineer; Builder of Racing and Luxury Automobiles) Italian Scientists and Engineers Automobiles
1929 Murray Gell-Mann (New York City-born 1969 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Murray Gell-Mann Sub-atomic Paticles 1969 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1876 Frank Gannett (New York-born American Newspaper Publisher: Founder of Gannett News Service) New York Business Leaders Journalism Gannett News Service
Political & Social Leaders
1837 Daniel Hadley Sumner (New York-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1857 William Howard Taft (Ohio-born 27th President of the United States; Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Ohio Political Leaders William Howard Taft The American Presidency U.S. Supreme Court
1892 Lawrence Henry Smith (Wisconsin-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1984 HRH Prince Henry (Harry) of Great Britain Great Britain British Royalty
Performing Artists
1894 Jean Renoir (French-born American Film Director) French Performing Artists Filmmakers
1903 Roy Acuff (Tennessee-born Country Music Singer and Songwriter) Tennessee Performing Artists Country Musicians
1907 Fay Wray (Canadian Actress: King Kong) Canadian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1916 Margaret Lockwood (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1928 Cannonball Adderley (Florida-born African-American Jazz Saxophonist and Bandleader) Cannonball Adderley Jazz African American Performing Artists
1945 Jessye Norman (Georgia-born African-American Operatic Soprano) Jessye Norman Opera African-American Performing Artists
1946 Tommy Lee Jones (Texas-born Actor) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film
Oliver Stone (New York City-born Filmmaker) New York City Performing Artists Filmmakers
Sports Figures
1906 Irving Jaffee (New York City-born Gold Medal-Winning Speed Skater, 1932 Winter Olympics) New York City Sports Figures Speed Skating 1932 Winter Olympics
1938 Gaylord Perry (North Carolina-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) North Carolina Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1940 Merlin Olsen (Utah-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Utah Sports Figures Pro Football Hall of Fame Little House on the Prairie
1961 Dan Marino (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Football Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1834 William H. Crawford (Georgia Political Leader - Namesake of Crawford County, Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders American Political Leaders University of Georgia
1937 Monsignor Thomas Acquinas Quirk (Irish-American Monsignor of the Catholic Church) Irish Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism West Virginia State Archives
1938 Thomas Clayton Wolfe (North Carolina-born Author) Thomas Clayton Wolfe American Authors
1976 Urban "Red" Faber (Iowa-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Iowa Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1982 Sadegh Ghotbzadeh (Former Foreign Minister of Iran, Executed for Treason) Iran Law & Legal Resources Death New York Times
1989 Robert Penn Warren (Kentucky-born Author: All the King's Men) Robert Penn Warren American Authors
2008 Richard Wright (English Keyboard Player of Pink Floyd) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Pink Floyd National Public Radio
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1789 Just Created in July, the U.S. Dept of Foreign Affairs Renamed Dept. of State U.S. Department of State Federal Gateway
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1801 Alexander Henry II Arrives at Minnesota's Pembina River to Begin His Trading Business Minnesota Business American Pioneers and Explorers Westward Expansion Economics and Business Minnesota Historical Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We set out today at sunrise and passed the mouth of the little Kanaway which is one mile form where we camped last night. The mouth is about 60 yards wide and with a huge settlement on the bank. It rained buckets today, from about 7 this morning until 3 in the afternoon. We passed several bad riffles where we had to lift the boat over them, it sure slowed us up. One of the canoes fell far behind and we had to wait several hours for it to catch up with us. I noticed today many squirrels swimming the river although one was going the opposite direction, south-east to north-west. We settled down on the Virginia shore having made 18 miles today.
Ohio West Virginia Weather Corn and Potatoes Business University of Kentucky University of Nebraska The Ohio River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: We set out early today and passed the mouth of the creek. The current is regular and swift with sand bars in it at different points. There is a much greater number of timber. I saw a number of rabbits and grapes. I killed a Buck Elk and a Deer this evening. It is very cold and there are a number of wolves howling in the strong wind
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 09/13/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Trees White-tailed Jack Rabbit Wild Grapes Elk Deer Wolves The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Lacy Tansyaster Smithsonian Tarragon Smithsonian Canadian milkvetch Smithsonian Missouri milkvetch Smithsonian Prairie blazing star Smithsonian Desert Cottontail Smithsonian
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: We set out early. the morning Cloudy and proceeded on Down the right Side of River over Steep points rockey & buschey as usial for 4 miles to an old Indian fishing place, here the road leaves the river to the left and assends a mountain winding in every direction to get up the Steep assents & to pass the emence quantity of falling timber which had falling from dift. causes i e. fire & wind and has deprived the Greater part of the Southerly Sides of this mountain of its gren timber,

4 miles up the mountain I found a Spring and halted for the rear to come up and to let our horses rest & feed, about 2 hours the rear of the party came up much fatigued & horses more So, Several horses Sliped and roled down Steep hills which hurt them verry much The one which Carried my desk & Small trunk Turned over & roled down a
mountain for 40 yards & lodged against a tree, broke the Desk the horse escaped and appeared but little hurt Some others verry much hurt,

from this point I observed a range of high mountains Covered with Snow from S E. to S W with Their top bald or
void of timber. after two hours delay we proceeded on up the mountain Steep & ruged as usial, more timber near the top, when we arrived at the top As we Conceved we could find no water and Concluded to Camp and make use of
the Snow we found on the top to cook the remnt. of our colt & make our Supe,

evening verry Cold and Cloudy. Two of our horses gave out, pore and too much hurt to proceed on and left in the rear— nothing killed to day except 2 Phests.

From this mountain I could observe high ruged mountains in every direction as far as I could See. with the greatest exertion we Could only make 12 miles up the mountain and encamped on the top of the mountain near a Bank of old Snow about 3 feet deep lying on the Northern Side of the mountain and in Small banks on the top & leavel parts of the mountain, we melted the Snow to drink, and Cook our horse flesh to eat.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: we set out early with a Stiff Breeze a head saw Several deer Swiming the river soon after we Set out.

at 11 A. M. passed the enterance of the Kanzas river which was very low, about a mile below we landed and Capt Lewis and my Self assended a hill which appeared to have a Commanding Situation for a fort, the Shore is bold and rocky imediately at the foot of the hill, from the top of the hill you have a perfect Command of the river, this hill fronts the Kanzas and has a view of the Missouri a Short distance above that river.

[ The hill would be in downtown Kansas City, in Jackson County, Missouri ]

we landed one time only to let the men geather Pappaws or the Custard apple of which this Country abounds, and the men are very fond of.

we discovered a Buck Elk on a Small Island, and sent the 2 fields and Shannon in pursute of it they Soon Came up with and killed the Elk, he was large and in fine order we had his flesh Secured and divided.

as the winds were unfabourable the greater part of the day we only decended 49 Miles and encamped a Short distance Above Hay Cabin Creek. we are not tormented by the Musquetors in this lower portion of the river, as we were above the river plat and as high up as the Rochejhone and for a fiew miles up that river, and above its' enterance into the Missouri.

we passd Some of the most Charming bottom lands to day and the uplands by no means bad, all well timberd. the weather disagreeably worm and if it was not for the constant winds which blow from the S. and S E. we Should be almost Suficated Comeing out of a northern Country open and Cool between the Latd. of 46° and 49° North in which we had been for nearly two years, rapidly decending into a woody Country in a wormer Climate between the Latds. 38° & 39° North is probably the Cause of our experiencing the heat much more Senceable than those who have Continued within the parralel of Latitude.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Missouri

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1821 Five Central American Provinces Declare Independence from Spain Spain Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua
1824 Hurricane Drowns 83 people on St. Simons Island Along the Georgia Coast Georgia Hurricane Death University of Georgia
1829 Guerrero Decree Abolishes Slavery in the Republic of Mexico Mexico Slavery Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1832 A Treaty with the U.S. Cedes Ho-Chunk Lands Along the Wisconsin and Fox Rivers Wisconsin Native-American Heritage Historic U.S. Documents Wisconsin Historical Society
1834 In Minnesota, Indian Agent Lawrence Taliaferro Suspends the License of Fur Trader Alexis Bailly for Breaking Trade Rules Minnesota Business Native-American Heritage Economics and Business Minnesota Historical Society
1838 Henry and John, Jr., Thoreau Open the Concord Academy School for Experimental Learning Henry David Thoreau Education American Collection
1849 A Block of Carroll County Marble Is Shipped as Arkansas' Contribution to the Washington Monument Carroll County, Arkansas Washington, D.C. Washington Monument Arkansas History Commission
1858 Two Overland Mail Coaches Initiate First U.S. Transcontinental Mail Service U.S. Post Office Westward Expansion Historic Firsts History Channel
1860 The California Stage Company Commences Daily Service Between Portland, Oregon and Sacramento Portland, Oregon Sacramento, California Transportation Westward Expansion
1862 Confederates Capture Harpers Ferry Battle of Harper's Ferry History Channel
The State of Minnesota and Ojibwe Sign a Peace Treaty to Alleviate Fears the Ojibwe Will Join the U.S.–Dakota War Minnesota Native-American Heritage Historic U.S. Documents Minnesota Historical Society
1863 Federal Gunboat Shells Bayport, FL Destroying Cotton Warehouse and Confederate Steamer Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Society
1869 St. Cloud State Teachers College Opens in a Remodeled Hotel, the Former Stearns House St. Cloud, Minnesota Education St. Cloud State University Minnesota Historical Society
1882 Emily Dickinson's Neighbor, Mabel Loomis Todd, First Records Her Impressions of the Poet Emily Dickinson Poetry Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1884 In Heidelberg, Germany Dr. Carl Koller Demonstrates Cocaine as a Topical, Local Anesthetic Germany Scientific Research Intellihealth
Longman's Magazine Publishes "The Art of Fiction," an Essay by Henry James Henry James American Authors Journalism American Collection
1885 Macalester College Opens for Its First Class Minnesota Education Education Macalester College
1887 Representing the First State in the Union, Delaware's Governor Leads the Parade in Philadelphia Celebrating the Constitutional Centennial Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Delaware U.S. Constitution State of Delaware
1891 Texan Revolutionary Catarino Garza Attacks Mexican State of Tamaulipas Mexico Texas War Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1895 Glenn "Pop" Warner Begins Job As University of Georgia's First Football Coach Georgia University of Georgia Football College Football Hall of Fame University of Georgia
1896 Railroad Engines Collide in Texas Publicity Stunt Killing 3 Onlookers Texas Railroad Propaganda Death Texas State Historical Association
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 The Detroit Tigers Record Their Most Lopsided Shutout Victory, Beating Cleveland 21-0 Detroit, Michigan Baseball Major League Baseball State of Michigan
1909 Court Rules Henry Ford Is Violating George Selden's Automobile Patent Rights Henry Ford George Selden Automobiles Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights History Channel
1915 The Hay Palace, Built of Nearly 1,000 Tons of Baled Alfalfa Hay, Opens in Mabton, Washington Mabton, Washington Farming & Agriculture HistoryLink
1916 British Deploy the First Tanks into Warfare at the Battle of Flers-Courcelette Great Britain World War I Historic Firsts First World
Descendants of the Settlers Who Organized the State of Indiana 100 Years Earlier Form the Society of Indiana Pioneers Indiana Society of Indiana Pioneers
1917 Russia Proclaimed a Republic By Head of Provisional Government Russia New York Times
1926 Florida Airways Begins Airmail Service in Florida and Georgia Florida Georgia Aviation History University of Georgia
1931 Zelda Fitzgerald Is Released from Prangins Clinic in Nyon, Switzerland Switzerland F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors Mental Health American Collection
1935 In Nuremberg, NAZI Party Passes Laws "Clarifying" Citizenship in Third Reich NAZI Germany Judaism The Nuremberg Laws New York Times
1940 British Defense Decisively Repels German Luftwaffe Attacks on London Great Britain NAZI Germany Aviation History Battle of Britain BBC
1945 Hurricane Hits Florida's Richmond Naval Air Station Causing $35M Damage Florida Hurricane Economics Florida State Historical Society
1946 Charles Ives' String Quartet No. 2 Is First Performed at the Yaddo Music Festival in Saratoga, New York Saratoga, New York Charles Ives American Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1948 The Parcel Post Zone System Is Established in Alaska Alaska USPS Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 United Nations Forces Land at Inchon, Korea and Begin Drive Toward Seoul United Nations Korea BBC
1954 Battleship U.S.S. Missouri Arrives in Seattle for Her Last Visit Before Decommissioning in Bremerton Seattle, Washington Naval Military History World War II HistoryLink
1959 Nikita Khrushchev Arrives in Washington, D.C.: First Soviet Leader to Visit U.S. Soviet Union President Dwight Eisenhower Washington, D.C. The Cold War History Channel
1961 All $1 Bills Printed This Date Forward Bear the National Motto "In God We Trust" U.S. Currency Sepatration of Church and State U.S. Treasury
1963 16th St. Baptist Church Bombed in Birmingham, Alabama: 4 African-American Girls Die 16th Street Chruch Bombing U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American History Death Alabama State Archives
1964 England's Sun Newspaper Is First Published Great Britain Journalism BBC
Two New Members of the Tuskegee City Council Are the First African Americans Elected in Alabama Since Reconstruction Tuskegee, Alabama Elections African-American Political and Social Leaders Alabama State Archives
1968 An Wang Obtains a Patent for a Basic Calculating Component of Computer Technology Chinese Mathematicians and Scientists Computer Technology Inventors & Inventions Asian-American Mathematicians & Scientists USPTO
A Molotov Cocktail Is Thrown at the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) Building on the Campus of the University of Delaware Delaware Education Education Terrorism Vietnam War Univeristy of Delaware State of Delaware
1971 Environmental Organization Greenpeace Is Founded in Vancouver, Canada Canada Earth and Environmental Organizations Greenpeace
1978 German Terror Suspect Is Arrested in London Germany England Terrorism BBC
1982 Black September Seizes Egyptian Embassy, Madrid Egypt Israel Black September Terrorism Research Center
Israeli Army Reoccupies West Beirut, Killing 88 People, Wounding 254 Lebanon Israel War Death Wikipedia
Iran's Former Foreign Minister, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Executed for Treason Iran Law & Legal Resources Death New York Times
1983 Raymond Carver's Third Major-Press Book of Stories, Cathedral, Is Published Raymond Carver American Authors American Collection
The First Costco Discount Warehouse Opens in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Economics & Business Historic Firsts Costco HistoryLink
1985 Europe Beats the U.S. in the Ryder Cup for First Time in 28 Years Golf BBC
1986 Bomb In Paris Main Police Headquarters Kills 1, Wounds 51 Paris Terrorism Death
1990 Metro Transit Buses Begin Regular Service in the New Downtown Seattle, Washington's Transit Tunnel Seattle, Washington Transportation Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1997 Sinn Fein Party Participates in Northern Ireland Peace Talks for First Time Northern Ireland BBC
FDA Bans Sales of Popular Diet Drugs Fenfluramine & Dexfenfluramine US FDA Drugs CNN
1998 Jupiter's Rings Theorized to Be Dust from Cosmic Collisions with Jupiter Moons Jupiter CNN
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to Present
2001 President Bush Identifies Osama bin Laden as Prime Suspect 9-11 Attacks Usama bin Laden President George W. Bush Sept 11 Attacks War on Terrorism