Hispanic Artists

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General Resources
Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
Hispanic Business Leaders Hispanic Related Literature
Hispanic Scientists and Mathematicians Hispanic Teacher Resources
Hispanic Military Leaders
Hispanic Performing Artists
Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
Hispanic Sports Figures
National Hispanic Heritage Month


Separation Bar

Jaime Escalante
Born 1930

[Future Channel]

Noted Educator

Nicolás Kanellos
Born 1945

[University of Arizona]

American Authors

Orlando Agudelo-Botero
Born 1946



Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. How many countries signed the 1987 Montreal Protocol to save the Earth's ozone layer? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the name of the ship that left Plymouth, England on this date in 1620? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Alaska Library Association, what is the title of the Joanne Ryder book for which she received the New York Academy of Sciences Book Award? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator who was born on this date.

1. Who was the leader who declared Mexico's independence from Spain on this date in 1810? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the J.C. Penney Co., what was the name of J.C. Penney's first store that he opened in Kemmerer, Wyoming? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Stanford University, Henry Louis Gates, Jr. is the director of what Harvard institute? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a production in which Paul Robeson played the title role (according to My Hero):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to McDougal Littell, from what university did John Knowles receive his Bachelor's Degree?

2. When was Father Miguel Hidalgo born?

3. According to the White House, Gerald Ford was the first Vice President chosen under the terms of which constitutional amendment?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a 60's British rock musician who was influenced by B.B. King (according to World Book):

J.C. Penney
Born on This Date 1875

State of Missouri]

American Business Leader

B.B. King
Born on This Date in 1925

[Rochester Democrat & Chronicle]

Jazz & Blues Guitarist

John Knowles
Born on This Date 1926

[Famous West Virginians]


Joanne Ryder
Born on This Date 1946

[Alaska Library Association ]

Primary Children's Authors

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Born on This Date 1950

[Harvard University]


Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
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Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
(Observed annually on September 16)
United Nations Ozone United Nations Environment Programme
Collect Rocks Day Geology
Mexico: Independence Day (Day 2 of 2)
(Observed annually on this date to commemorate Father Miguel Hidalgo's Declaration of Mexico's Independence from Spain: 09/16/1810)
 Father Miguel Hidalgo Spain PBS
Papua New Guinea: Independence Day
(Observed annually to Celebrate Independence from Australia: 09/16/1975)
New Guinea
St. Kitts and Nevis: National Heroes Day
St. Kitts St. Kitts Tourism Authority Wikipedia
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1897 Thomas Handforth (Washington-born Children's Author, Artist; Where's Waldo) Thomas Handforth Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1898 H.A. Rey (German Children's Author, Illustrator; Curious George) H.A. Rey Primary Children's Authors Artists
1906 Zhenya Gay (Massachusetts-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Zhenya Gay Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1926 John Knowles (West Virginia-born Children's Author of A Separate Peace) John Knowles Young-adult Authors
1946 Joanne Ryder (New Jersey-born Children's Science Author) Joanne Ryder Primary Children's Authors Science Insects
1880 Alfred Noyes (English Poet) English Authors Poetry Writer's Almanac
1925 Samuel Menashe (New York City-born Poet) Samuel Mensahe Poetry
1943 James Alan McPherson (Georgia-born African-American Awarded the 1978 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Awarded Pulitzer Prize for 1978 Fiction African-American Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac History Channel
1894 Hector Hyppolite (Haitian Author) Haiti African American Registry
1950 Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (West Virginia-born African-American Historian, Educator) Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Education Famous African Americans
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1853 Albrecht Kossel (German Biochemist; 1910 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Albrecht Kossel Protein 1910 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1893 Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrapolt (German Biochemist; 1937 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrapolt 1937 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1838 James J. Hill (Canadian Founder, Great Northern Railway) Canadian Business Leaders Railroads Great Northern Railway Society Writer's Almanac New York Times
1875 J.C. Penney (Missouri-born Founder of J.C. Penney Department Stores) J.C. Penney Notable American Business Leaders J.C. Penney
Military Figures
1832 George Washington Custis Lee (Virginia-born Confederate General) Virginia Military Figures U.S. Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
Political and Social Leaders
1896 Lester Granger (Virginia-born African-American Civic Leader) Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1936 Dismas P. Becker (Wisconsin-born Human Rights/Civil Rights Activist) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights Wisconsin Historical Society
Performing Artists
1921 Jon Hendricks (Ohio-born African-American Jazz Vocalist) Ohio Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1924 Lauren Bacall (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film
1925 B.B. King (Mississippi-born African-American Jazz Guitarist) B.B. King Jazz & Blues Famous African Americans
1927 Peter Falk (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Film
1956 David Copperfield (New Jersey-born Magician) David Copperfield American Performing Artists Television
Mickey Rourke (New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1961 Jennifer Tilly (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1968 Marc Anthony (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1672 Anne Dudley Bradstreet (English-born Writer; America's First Poet of Note) Anne Dudley Bradstreet Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Poetry Concordia
1859 David Broderick (California-born U.S. Senator; Died From Gunshot Wounds Suffered in a Duel with State's Chief Justice) California U.S. Congress Gun Control Death California Offica of Historic Preservation
1896 James Ashley (Pennsylvania-born Abolitionist, Member of the U.S. Congress from Ohio, Governor of the Montana Territory) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leader Ohio Political and Social Leader Montana Political and Social Leader U.S. Congress Mr. Lincoln's White House Ohio Historical Society
1929 Russ Merrill (Pioneer Pilot in Alaska; Plane Crash) Alaskam Aviators and Pioneers Air Disasters Merrill Field, Anchorage Alaska Historical Society
1977 Maria Callas (New York City-born Opera Diva) Maria Callas Opera
1996 McGeorge Bundy (Massachusetts-born Statesman) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government
2009 Mary Travers (Kentucky-born Folk Singer: Member of Peter, Paul & Mary) Mary Travers Peter, Paul & Mary
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1620 102 Passengers Leave Plymouth, England on The Mayflower Great Britain Plymouth Colony The Mayflower
1630 The Massachusetts Village of Shawmut Changes Its Name to Boston Boston, Massachusetts New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1712 New Mexico Governor, Marquez de La Peñuela, Issues Proclamation Establishing the First Fiesta de Santa Fe New Mexico Historic U.S. Documents Historic Firsts Santa Fe Fiesta Council New Mexico Magazine
1795 The Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territory Convenes in Cincinnati, Ohio for the First Time Cincinnati, Ohio U.S. History Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1799 President George Washington Proposes That a Federal Armory and Arsenal be Established at Harpers Ferry Maryland Virginia Harpers Ferry President George Washington Harpers Ferry National Park West Virginia State Archive
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We didn't set out until 8 this morning because the fog hung over us like a thick cloak. The air stood at 54 degrees and the water at 72. The day ended up being fair. We passed several bad riffles, while my men were
getting the boat out of a fairly long riffle at Emberson's Island, I went on shore and shot some squirrels. My men were quite fatigued after this battle with the riffle yet we continued on till nearly dark and settle on the Virginia
shore, having made only 19 miles today.
Ohio West Virginia Weather Squirrels Keelboats University of Kentucky University of Nebraska The Ohio River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning set out at an early hour, and come too at 7:30 A. M.
on the Lard. Shore 1¼ miles above the mouth of a small creek which we
named Corvus, in consequence of having kiled a beatiful bird of that genus
near it. We concluded to lie by at this place the ballance of this day and the next, in order to dry our baggage which was wet by the heavy showers of rain which had fallen within the last three days, and also to lighten the boat by transfering a part of her lading to the red perogue, which we now determined to take on with us to our winter residence wherever that might be.

While some of the men were imployed in this necessary labour others were dressing of skins washing and mending their cloaths &c. Capt. Clark and myself kiled each a buck immediately on landing near our encampment; the deer were very gentle and in great numbers on this bottom which had more timber on it than
any part of the river we had seen for many days past, consisting of Cottonwood Elm, some indifferent ash and a considerable quanty of a small species of white oak which is loaded with acorns of an excellent flavor very little of the bitter roughness of the nuts of most species of oak, the leaf of this oak is small pale green and deeply indented, it seldom rises higher than thirty feet is much branched, the bark is rough and thick and of a light colour; the cup which contains the acorn is fringed on it's edges and imbraces the nut about one half; the acorns were now falling, and we concluded that the number of deer which we saw here had been induced thither by the acorns of which they are remarkably fond. almost every species of wild game is fond of the acorn, the Buffaloe Elk, deer, bear, turkies, ducks, pigegians and even the wolves feed on them;

We sent three hunters out who soon added eight deer and two Buffaloe to our strock of provisions; the Buffaloe were so pour that we took only the tongues, skins and marrow bones; the skins were particularly acceptable as we were in want of a covering for the large perogue to secure the baggage;

The clouds during this day and night prevented my making any observations.

Sergt. Gass and Reubin Fields whom we had sent out yesterday to explore the White river returnd at four oclock this day and reported that they had followed the meanders of that stream about 12 miles general course West, the present or principal channel 150 yards wide; the coulour of the water and rapidity and manner of runing resembled the Missouri presisely; the country broken on the border of the river about a mile, when the level planes commence and extend as far as the eye can reach on either side; as usual no timber appeared except such as from the steep declivities of hills, or their moist situations, were sheltered from the effects of the fire.

These extensive planes had been lately birnt and the grass had sprung up and was about three inches high. vast herds of Buffaloe deer Elk and Antilopes
were seen feeding in every direction as far as the eye of the observer could reach.

South Dakota Map 091604 Lewis & Clark Map: 09/16/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Weather Duck Turkey Buffalo Elk Deer Bear Wolves
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Bur Oak Smithsonian
Passenger Pigeon Smithsonian
Black-billed magpie
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: began to Snow about 3 hours before Day and Continud. all day the Snow in The morning 4 Inches deep on The old Snow, and by night we found it from 6 to 8 Inches deep

I walked in front to keep the road and found great dificuelty in keeping it as in maney places the Snow had entirely filled up the track, and obliged me to hunt Several minits for the track at 12 oClock we halted on the top of the mountain to worm & dry our Selves a little as well as to let our horses rest and graze a little on Some long grass which I observed, on The South

Steep hills Side & falling timber Continue to day, and a thickly timbered Countrey of 8 different kinds of pine, which are So covered with Snow, that in passing thro them we are continually covered with Snow, I have been wet and as cold in every part as I ever was in my life, indeed I was at one time fearfull my feet would freeze in the thin mockersons which I wore,

after a Short delay in the middle of the Day, I took one man and proceeded on as fast as I could about 6 miles to a Small branch passing to the right, halted and built fires for the party agains their arrival which was at Dusk verry cold and much fatigued we Encamped at this Branch in a thickly timbered bottom which was Scercely large enough for us to lie leavil, men all wet cold and hungary. Killed a Second Colt which we all Suped hartily on and thought it fine meat.

I saw 4 Black tail Deer to day before we Set out which came up the mountain and what is Singular Snaped 7 tims
at a large buck. it is Singular as my gun has a Steel frisen and never Snaped 7 times before in examining her
found the flint loose

to describe the road of this day would be a repitition of yesterday excpt the Snow which made it much wors to proseed as we had in maney places to derect our Selves by the appearance of the rubbings of the Packs against the trees which have limbs quiet low and bending downwards

Whitehouse: when we awoke this morning to our great Surprise we were covred with Snow which had fallen about 2 Inches the latter part of last night, and continues a verry cold Snow Storm.

Capt. Clark Shot at a deer but did not kill it.

we mended up our mockasons. Some of the men without Socks raped rags on their feet, and loaded up our horses and Set out without any thing to eat, and proceeded on.

could hardly See the old trail for the Snow. kept on the ridge of the mountain Several high knobs to pass over but had more down hill than up.

about one oClock finding no water we halted and melted Snow and made a little more Soup, and let our horses graze 1 hour & a half. then proceeded on

the Snow is fell So fast that it is now in common 5 or 6 Inches deep. Some places is considerable of old Snow on the moutn.

towards evening we descended the mountain down in a lonesome cove on a creek where we Camped in a thicket of Spruce pine & bolsom fir timber. all being tired & hungry, obledged us to kill another Colt and eat the half of it this evening. it has quit Snowing this evening, but continues chilley and cold. Came about 15 miles to day over a
rockey rough road. Some places bare on the top high places of rocks &c.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: we set out early with a Stiff Breeze a head saw Several deer Swiming the river soon after we Set out. awe Set out early this morning and proceded on tolerably well

the Day proved excessively worm and disagreeable, So much So that the men rowed but little,

at 10 A M we met a large tradeing perogue bound for the Panias we continued but a Short time with them.

at 11 A. M we met young Mr. Bobidoux with a large boat of six ores and 2 Canoes, the licenes of this young man was to trade with the Panias Mahars and ottoes reather an extroadanary a license for so young a man and without the Seal of the teritory anexed, as Genl. Wilkensons Signeture was not to this instrement we were Somewhat doubtfull of it. Mr. Browns Signeture we were not acquainted with without the Teritorial Seal. we made Some enquireys of this young man and Cautioned him against prosueing the Steps of his brother in attempting to degrade the American Charector in the eyes of the Indians.

we proceeded on to an Island a little above our encampment of the 16th & 17th of June 1804 haveing Came 52 miles only to

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Missouri

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1810 Father Miguel Hidalgo Declares Mexico's Independence from Spain Father Miguel Hidalgo Spain PBS
1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes Writes "Old Ironsides" to Protest Dismantling USS Constitution Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S.S. Constitution Poetry Concordia
1838 Potawatomi Indians Camp at Danville, Illinois on "Trail of Death" March to Kansas Indiana Illinois Missouri Kansas Potawatami Indians University of Kansas
1844 Mexican Officials Release 105 Texan Captives from Perote Prison Mexico Texas Texas State Historical Association
1845 Illinois Mormons Murder Member Believed to be Christian Spy Illinois The Morman Church Death History Channel
1859 California's U.S. Senator Dies from Gunshot Wounds Suffered in a Duel California U.S. Congress Gun Control Death California Offica of Historic Preservation
1861 100+ Massachusetts Women Form a Ladies Soldier's Aid Society to Support Union Men on the Front and to Assist Their Families at Home Massachusetts Women American Civil War Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1863 U.S.S. San Jacinto Seizes Confederate Blockade-runner Lizzie Davis Off Florida Coast Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
1864 Expedition from U.S.S. Ariel Captures over 4,000 lbs of Cotton Near Tampa Bay Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
1878 First African-American Parochial School Opens in Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas Education Religion African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Concordia
1889 In Arkansas, Central Collegiate Institute Reopens as Hendrix College Arkansas Education Education Hendrix College Arkansas History Commission
1893 Hundreds of Thousands of Settlers Race for Land in Oklahoma's ''Cherokee Strip'' Oklahoma Westward Expansion History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1902 Town of Sunnyside, Washington Is Incorporated Sunnyside, Washington HistoryLink
1906 Herzl-Ner Tamid Conservative Jewish Congregation Is Founded in Seattle Seattle, Washington Judaism HistoryLink
1908 Will Durant Files Articles of Incorporation Creating the General Motors Company Michigan Automobiles General Motors State of Michigan
1919 The American Legion Is Incorporated by an Act of Congress War U.S. Congress New York Times
1920 A Wagon Loaded with Explosives Detonates on Wall Street, Killing 30 People, Injuring Hundreds New York City Terrorism Death History Channel New York Historical Society
Italian Tenor Enrico Caruso Makes His Last Records for Victor Records in Camden, New Jersey Enrico Caruso Camden, New Jersey Opera Classical Music American Public Media
1925 The Broadway Musical "No, No, Nanette" Opens at the Globe Theater New York City Stage & Theater American Musicals Internet Boradway Database
1928 Belle Glade and Palm Beaches, Florida Are Devastated by a Category 4 Hurricane Florida Hurricanes Florida State Historical Association
1929 Pioneer Pilot Russ Merrill Loses His Life When His Plane Crashes into Alaska's Cook Inlet Alaskam Aviators and Pioneers Air Disasters Death Merrill Field, Anchorage Alaska Historical Society
1932 Edith Wharton's The Gods Arrive Is Published in New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1933 Paul Robeson First African American to Star in Major Film: The Emperor Jones Paul Robeson Eugene O'Neill Film African American History Historic Firsts
1938 Edith Wharton's Last Book, The Buccaneers, Is Published Posthumously in New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1940 President Franklin Roosevelt Signs into Law the First U.S. Peacetime Military Draft Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Sam Rayburn (TX) Is Elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Sam Rayburn U.S. Congress New York Times
1949 Warner Bros. Introduces the Road Runner in Cartoon "Fast and Furry-ous" Cartoons & Comics Historic Firsts History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 United Nations Essay Contest on "The Veto" Angers Soviets United Nations Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
1954 FBI Interviews Richard Wright in Paris About Relationship to the Communist Party Richard Wright McCarthyism/Red Scare FBI American Authors American Collection
1960 U.S. Ambassador in Saigon Warns That Situation is Worsening Vietnam U.S. Government Vietnam War History Channel
1965 Duke Ellington's First Sacred Concert Is Premiered at Grace Cathedral in San Francisco Grace Cathedral, San Francisco Duke Ellington Religion American Composers Historic Firsts African American Composers American Public Media
1966 New York's Metropolitan Opera Opens New House at Lincoln Center with a Performance of Samuel Barbers' "Anthony and Cleopatra" Metropolitan Opera Samuel Barber Opera Architecture Historic Firsts American Public Media
Leontyne Price Is First African American to Open a Metropolitan Opera Season Leontyne Price Opera African American History Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1968 First Classes Convene at Warner Southern College in Lake Wales, Florida Florida Education Warner Southern College Florida State Historical Association
1969 Nixon Announces Withdrawal of 35,000 Troops from Vietnam Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
1971 Hurricane Edith Hits Louisiana as a Category 1 Storm Louisiana Hurricanes Weather Underground Louisiana Secretary of State
1972 ''The Bob Newhart Show'' Premieres on CBS Television New York Times
1974 President Ford Offers Amnesty for Vietnam War Deserters and Draft Evaders President Ford Vietnam War New York Times
1975 New Guinea Attains Independence from Australia New Guinea Australia BBC
1978 Thousands Dead in Iran Earthquake Iran Earthquakes Death BBC
1982 Christian Militia Massacre Hundreds of Palestinians in Beirut Refugee Camps Lebanon Palestine Religion New York Times
1986 Explosion in South Africa's Kinross Gold Mine Kills Almost 200 South Africa Gold Death BBC
435,000 Gallons of Oil Spill into the Delaware River When the Tanker Grand Eagle Runs Aground Near Claymont Claymont, Delaware Earth & Environmental Science Naval History State of Delaware
1987 24 Countries Sign the Montreal Protocol to Save Earth's Ozone Layer Ozone New York Times
1990 At Dover, Delaware International Speedway, Bill Elliott Sets a NASCAR Speed Record for a 500-mile Race at 125.945 mph Dover, Delaware Auto Racing NASCAR Historic Firsts Dover International Speedway State of Delaware
1995 Native American, Henry Charles Boucha, Is Inducted into the U.S. Hockey Hall of Fame Minnesota Sports Figures Native-American Sports Figures Hockey Minnesota Historical Society
1996 Pitcher Greg Maddox Sets Major League Record with 17th Consecutive Road Win Baseball Major League Baseball University of Georgia
1997 Steve Jobs Returns As CEO of Apple Computer Steve Jobs Apple Computer History Channel
Residents of Kenmore, Washington Vote to Incorporate Kenmore, Washington HistoryLink