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Separation Bar

Rita Moreno
Born 1932


Star of Stage, Film and Television

Pedro Jose Greer
Born 1956



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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. From which country did Chile gain its independence on this date in 1810? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Capitol on this date in 1793? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Florida State University, what did Jean Foucault use to prove that the Earth rotates on its axis? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Twig C. George (according to her official web page):

1. Where did Booker T. Washington deliver his compromise speech on this date in 1895? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Fact Monster, in what two years did the U.S. Congress enact fugitive slave laws? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Authors' Calendar, what was the title of the only novel written by Katherine Anne Porter? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Edwin M. McMillan awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize for Chemistry?

2. What was Greta Garbo's real name?

3. According to the Samuel Johnson birthplace museum, what business was Samuel Johnson's father in?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1960s book written by Mary Childs Jane (according to the Maine Writers Index):

Samuel Johnson
Born on This Date in 1709

[University of Illinois-Chicago]


Jean-Bernard-Léon Foucault
Born on This Date 1819

[Florida State University]

Classical Physicist

Benjamin S. Carson
Born on This Date 1951



Twig C. George
Born on This Date 1950

[Official Web Page]

Young-adult Author

Lance Armstrong
Born on This Date 1971

Official Website]

Champion Cyclist

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Chile: Independence Day (Commemoration of Chile's independence from Spain: 09/18/1810) Chile Spain U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1908 Mary Childs Jane (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Mary Childs Jane Young-adult Authors
1927 Ellin Greene (New Jersey-born Children's Author) Ellin Greene Primary Authors
1950 Twig C. George (Michigan-born Children's Non-fiction Science Author) Twig C. George Young-adult Authors Science Animals Non-fiction
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1893 William March (Alabama-born Novelist and Short Story Writer) Alabama Authors and Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1908 Harold Courlander (Indiana-born Folklorist) Harold Courlander
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1922 George Thatcher (Mississippi-born Newspaper Columnist) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Journalism Mississippi Writers Page
1709 Samuel Johnson (English Writer and Lexicographer Who Compiled the First English Dictionary) Samuel Johnson Dictionaries
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1815 James Bicheno Francis (English Pioneer of Hydraulic Engineering) English Scientists and Mathematicians Physics Inventors and Inventions Technology and Society
1819 Jean Bernard Léon Foucault (French Physicist Who Invented the Gyroscope and the Foucault Pendulum) Jean Bernard Leon Foucault Physics Inventors and Inventions
1907 Edwin M. McMillan (California-born 1951 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Edwin M. McMillan Neptunium Plutonium 1951 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1951 Dr. Benjamin Solomon Carson (Detroit-born African-American Pediatric Neurosurgeon) Dr. Benjamin Solomon Carson Health Care Profesisonals African American Scientists and Mathematicians
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1815 Henry C. Wayne (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
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1779 Joseph Story (Massachusetts-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1826 Thomas Gunter (Tennessee-born Governor of Arkansas) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
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1923 Al (Albert H.) Quie (Governor of Minnesota) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
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1901 Harold Clurman (New York City-born Broadway Director) New York City Performing Artists Stage & Theater Internet Broadway Database
1905 Agnes de Mille (New York City-born Choreographer) Agnes de Mille Dance
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1916 Rossano Brazzi (Italian Singer, Actor, Director) Italian Performing Artists Popular Music Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1933 Robert Blake (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television
1940 Frankie Avalon (Pennsylvania-born Singer, Actor) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Popular Musicians American Performing Artists Film
1961 James Gandolfini (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television
1971 Jada Pinkett Smith (Maryland-born Actress) Maryland Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television African-American Performing Artists
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1971 Lance Armstrong (Texas-born Bicycling Champion: 7-time Winner of the Tour de France) Lance Armstrong Bicycling
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1830 Leonhard Euler (Swiss Mathematician) Leonhard Euler Calculus
1892 James Bicheno Francis (English Pioneer of Hydraulic Engineering) English Scientists and Mathematicians Physics Inventors and Inventions Technology and Society
1911 Piotr Arkadevich Stolypin (Russian Statesman: Assassination) Russian Political and Social Leaders
1929 Julius Myers (The Last Town Crier in America) San Antonio, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1961 Dag Hammarskjold (Swedish-born Secretary-General of the United Nations) Swedish Political and Social Leaders United Nations Air Disasters Cold War South African History History Channel BBC
1964 Sean O'Casey (Irish Author) Sean O'Casey Irish Authors
1970 Jimi Hendrix (Washington-born African-American Popular Musician: Drug Overdose) Jimi Hendrix Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artist Illegal Drugs BBC
1980 Katherine Anne Porter (Texas-born Pulitzer Prize-Winning Author) Katherine Anne Porter American Authors 1966 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
2002 Bob Hayes (Florida-born African American Olympic Sprint Champion, Professional Football Player) Bob Hayes Track and Field The Olympic Games Football Famous African Americans
Historically Notable Events
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Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1634 English-born Religious Leader, Anne Hutchinson, Arrives at the Massachusetts Bay Colony with Her Family Anne Hutchinson Massachusetts Bay Colony Colonial America Religious Leaders and Theologians History Channel
1679 The First Sailing Vessel on the Great Lakes, the Griffin, Leaves Michigan's Rock Island on Its Final Voyage Michigan Naval History State of Michigan
1692 New Mexico Governor. Don Diego de Vargas Assigns the Los Cerrillos Land Grant Southwest of Santa Fe to Alfonso Rael de Aguilar New Mexico New Mexico Magazine
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1758 4,500 British Troops Camp on Boston Common Before Setting off for Quebec to Fight the French Quebec, Canada France Great Britain Boston, Massachusetts French and Indian War Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1759 The French Formally Surrender Quebec to the British Quebec, Canada France Great Britain French and Indian War New York Times
1772 Poland Is Partitioned by Russia, Prussia, and Austria Poland Austria Germany Russia Chambers Book of Days
1776 General Washington Reports to Congress on the Battle of Harlem Heights New York City Continental Congress George Washington American Revolution History Channel
1793 President George Washington Lays the Cornerstone Stone for the U.S. Capitol U.S. Capitol George Washington New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The morning was clear and we set out at sunrise. At nine in the morning we passed Letart's Falls. The rapids are amazing here-a little more than 4 ft in 250 yards.
Ohio West Virginia University of Kentucky University of Nebraska The Ohio River
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Cap Clark set out this morning to go a head with six hunters. there being no game in these mountains we concluded it would be better for one of us to take the hunters and hurry on to the leavel country a head and there hunt and provide some provision while the other remained with and brought on the party the latter of these was my part; accordingly I directed the horses to be gotten up early being determined to force my march as much as the abilities of our horses would permit. the negligence of one of the party Willard who had a spare horse not attending to him and bringing him up last evening was the cause of our detention this morning untill ½ after 8 A M when we set out. I sent Willard back to serch for his horse, and proceeded on with the party at four in the evening he overtook us without the horse, we marched 18 miles this day and encamped on the side of a steep mountain; we suffered for water this day passing one rivulet only; we wer fortunate in finding water in a steep raviene about ½ maile from our camp. this morning we finished the remainder of our last coult. we dined & suped on a skant proportion of portable soupe, a few canesters of which, a little bears oil and about 20 lbs. of candles form our stock of provision, the only resources being our guns & packhorses. the first is but a poor dependance in our present situation where there is nothing upon earth exept ourselves and a few small pheasants, small grey Squirrels, and a blue bird of the vulter kind about the size of a turtle dove or jay bird. our rout lay along the ridge of a high mountain course S. 20 W. 18 m. used the snow for cooking.—

Clark: The want of provisions together with the dificuely of passing those emence mountains dampened the Spirits of the party which induced us to resort to Some plan of reviving ther Sperits. I deturmined to take a party of the hunters and proceed on in advance to Some leavel Country, where there was game kill Some meat & Send it back, &ca fair morning cold I proceded on in advance with Six hunters and let it be understood that my object was to try and find deer or Something to kill we passed over a countrey Similar to the one of yesterday more falling timber passed Several runs & Springs passing to the right from the top of a high part of the mountain at 20 miles I had a view of an emence Plain and leavel Countrey to the S W. & West at a great distance a high mountain in advance beyond the Plain, Saw but little no Sign of deer and nothing else, much falling timber, made 32 miles and Encamped on a bold running Creek passing to the left which I call Hungery Creek as at that place we had nothing to eate. I halted only one hour to day to let our horses feed on Grass and rest

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: we rose early Capt McClellin wrote a letter and we took our leave, and proceeded on passed the Grand river at

7 A M. a Short distance below we came up with our hunters, they had killed nothing.

at 10 oClock we Came too and gathered pottows to eate we have nothing but a fiew Buisquit to eate and are partly compelled to eate poppows which we find in great quantities on the Shores,

the weather we found excessively hot as usial. the lands fine particularly the bottoms. a charming Oake bottom on the S E Side of the Missouri above the 2 Charletons rivers we find the Current of this part of the Missouri much more jentle than it was as we assended, the water is now low and where it is much confin'd it is rapid.

we saw very little appearance of deer, Saw one bear at a distance and 3 turkeys only to day. our party entirely out of provisions Subsisting on poppaws. we divide the buiskit which amount to nearly one buisket per man, this in addition to the poppaws is to last is down to the Settlement's which is 150 miles the party appear perfectly contented and tell us that they can live very well on the pappaws.

we made 52 miles to day only. one of our party J. Potts complains very much of one of his eyes which is burnt by the Sun from exposeing his face without a cover from the Sun. Shannon also complains of his face & eyes &c.

Encamped on an Island nearly opposit to the enterance of Mine river.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/05/1806 Missouri

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1810 Chile Declares Its Independence from Spain Chile Spain New York Times
1823 27 Florida Seminole Chiefs Sign the Treaty of Moultrie Creek Near St. Augustine, Florida Florida Seminole Indians Historic American Documents Florida Historical Society
1830 Tom Thumb Locomotive Loses Race to a Horse Railroads Horse Racing History of Technology
1838 The Baltimore American Museum Publishes "Ligeia," by Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allen Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1839 Burton's Gentleman's Magazine Publishes "The Fall of the House of Usher," by Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allen Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1846 The Struggling Donner Party Sends Ahead to California for Food California The Donner Party The Oregon Trail History Channel
1848 Sam Houston Dedicates Texas Cemetery to Victims of the Dawson Massacre Texas Death Texas State Historical Association
1850 Congress Passes Fugitive Slave Act: Escaped Slaves Returned to Owners U.S. Congress Fugitive Slave Act Slavery Court TV African American Registry
1851 The First Edition of the New York Times Is Published New York City Media Journalism Historic Firsts New York Times Writer's Almanac Technology and Society
1852 Oregon Pioneer James Failing Presides Over a Meeting in Portland to Raise Money on Behalf of Destitute Immigrants Oregon Immigration Philanthropy
1862 McClellan Fails to Attack, Allows Lee to Retreat from Antietam Maryland Battle of Antietam History Channel Florida Historical Society
1863 Union & Confederate Soldiers Clash at Chickamauga Georgia Battle of Chickamauga Florida Historical Society
1873 Robber Baron's Create Financial Panic Markets & Invesments History Channel
1875 The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden Opens Its Doors Cincinnati, Ohio Zoos Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden Ohio Historical Society
1889 Jane Addams Opens Hull House, a Settlement Home for New Immigrants. Jane Addams Community Services Hull House Association of Chicago
1892 The First Synagogue in the State of Washington Opens in Seattle Washington Judaism HistoryLink
1895 A Switch Thrown by President Cleveland in Massachusetts Opens the International Exposition in Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia President Grover Cleveland Business & Economics University of Georgia
Booker T. Washington Delivers His "Atlanta Compromise" Speech Georgia Booker T. Washington Library of Congress African American Heritage
In Davenport, Iowa, D.D. Palmer Credits the First Chiropractic Adjustment with Restoring a Man's Hearing Davenport, Iowa Medicine Sherman College
1898 Fire Destroys Tacoma Washington's Industrial Exposition Building Washington Fire Safety HistoryLink
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1901 West Virginia's Alderson Academy Opens West Virginia Education Education Alderson-Broaddus College West Virginia State Archive
1902 Aldous Huxley Is Hired as a Schoolmaster at Eton Aldous Huxley Authors Education Eton History Channel
1903 The Fairbanks News (Today's Fairbanks News-Miner) Is Established Fairbanks, Alaska Fairbanks News-Miner Alaska Historical Society
1904 The Rocky Mountains Are First Crossed by Automobile Automobiles Westward Expansion Historic Firsts History Channel
1915 Louisa May Alcott's Book, "Little Women" Is Registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Louisa May Alcott Children's Authors Patents and Trademarks USPTO
1918 British Forces Attack Germany's Forward Outposts Near the French Village of Epehy France Great Britain Germany World War I History Channel
1922 Associate Justice John H. Clarke Resigns from the U.S. Supreme Court Ohio Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1934 Soviet Union Is Admitted to League of Nations Soviet Union League of Nations League of Nations
1940 You Can't Go Home Again by Thomas Wolfe Is Published Posthumously by Harper & Bros. Thomas Wolfe American Authors Harper Collins American Collection
1942 Flash Floods Ravage a Wide Area of Northwestern Wisconsin, Largely Decimating the Village of Spring Valley Spring Valley, Wisconsin Floods Wisconsin Historical Society
1944 Two Texas Congressional Medal of Honor Winners Are Killed in Action Texas Military Figures World War II U.S. Military Leaders Death Texas State Historical Association
1945 General MacArthur Moves His Command Headquarters to Tokyo General Douglas MacArthur Japan World War II History Channel
1948 In Alaska, Eielson Air Force Base Is Formally Dedicated Alaska Eielson Air Force Alaska Historical Socie
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1953 Saul Bellow's The Adventures of Augie March Is Published in New York by Viking Saul Bellow Authors Penguin Viking American Collection
1954 Virgil Thomson's Concerto for Flute, Strings and Percussion Is First Performed in Venice, Italy Venice, Italy Virgil Thomson American Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1955 Toast of the Town Becomes The Ed Sullivan Show Ed Sullivan Television Internet Movie Database History Channel
1959 NASA Launches Vanguard 3 Satellite to Test Solar Radiation and Earth's Magnetic Field Space Exploration Earth Science The Sun NASA
1960 Fidel Castro Arrives in New York City New York City Fidel Castro History Channel
1961 UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold Is Killed in Plane Crash Swedish Political and Social Leaders United Nations Air Disasters Cold War Death South African History History Channel BBC
1962 NASA Launches TIROS 6 Satellite to Demonstrate Ability to Transmit Cloud Cover Pictures Space Exploration Earth Science Meteorology NASA
1963 Public Television Station WHYY Begins Broadcasting from Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington, Delaware Television Historic Firsts PBS State of Delaware
1964 NASA Conducts Test Launch of Saturn Rocket System Space Exploration NASA
The Addams Family Premieres on ABC Charles Addams Television Internet Movie Database
1968 NASA Launches the First Intelsat 3 Telecommunications Satellite Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA
1970 U.S. Department of Justice Sues the State of Washington Over Indian Treaty Fishing Rights Washington Native American Heritage Human Rights and Civil Rights Law & Legal Resources HistoryLink
1971 The World Council of Churches Is Barred from Entering South Africa South Africa Apartheid Religion World Council of Churches South African History
1975 The FBI Captures Patty Hearst The FBI Crime Notorious Americans History Channel Court TV
1977 Ted Turner Wins the America's Cup Yacht Race Ted Turner Sailing America's Cup New York Times
1978 Egypt and Israel Reach Agreement at Camp David Egypt Israel President Jimmy Carter Camp David Peace Accords BBC
Dmitri Shostakovich's Unfinished Opera, "The Gamblers," Is First Performed in Leningrad at the Large Hall of the Leningrad Philharmonic Dmitri Shostakovich Composers Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1980 Cuba's Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez Is First Black Man in Space Aboard Soviet Soyuz 38 Cuba Soviet Union Astornauts & Cosmonauts NASA
1981 Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum Opens in Grand Rapids, Michigan Grand Rapids, Michigan President Gerald Ford Museums Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum Michigan Historical Society
1987 Pope John Paul II Visits Detroit, Michigan Detroit, Michigan Pope John Paul II Religious Leaders and Theologians Michigan Historical Society
1988 General Saw Maung Seizes Power in Burma Military Coup Burman/Myanmar Soros Foundation
1990 The International Olympic Committee Awards the 1996 Summer Olympics to Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia 1996 Summer Olympics University of Georgia
1997 Ted Turner Announces $1 Billion Donation to United Nations' Charities United Nations Ted Turner Philanthropy CNN
Welsh Voters Choose to Establish Their Own National Assembly Welsh Government Voting BBC
1998 Bright Sheng's "Spring Dreams" Is First Performed by Cellist Yo-Yo Ma with the Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwartz Conducting Chinese Composers Seattle, Washington American Composers Historic Firsts Asian-American Composers American Public Media
1999 Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs Is First Professional Baseball Player to hit 60 HR in a Season Twice Sammy Sosa Chicago Sports Figures Major League Baseball Latin-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts New York Times