for

SEPTEMBER 21

 
 

 
Hispanic Artists

American Civil Liberties Union
General Resources
Hispanic Authors and Illustrators Hispanic Chronology
Hispanic Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts Education, Libraries & Museums
Hispanic Business Leaders Hispanic Related Literature
Hispanic Scientists and Mathematicians Hispanic Teacher Resources
Hispanic Military Leaders
Hispanic Performing Artists
Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
Hispanic Sports Figures
 
 
 
National Hispanic Heritage Month

1993

 
Separation Bar

Maria Isolina Ferre
Born 1914

[HHAF]

Religious and Social Leader


Raul Yzaguirre

[NCRL]

Humans Rights Activist


Juan (Chi Chi) Rodriguez
Born 1931

[HHAF]

Golf


Luis Santeiro
[HHAF]

Writer for Sesame Street


Gloria Estefan
Born 1957

Popular Musicians

 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What 8-year space mission ended on this date in 2003? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What two countries commemorate their independence from Great Britain on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the International Day of Peace website, in what year was September 21 set as the permanent date for the International Day of Peace? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:
CANADA LURE JIVE
INTERMEDIATE

1. What was the name of the hurricane that struck Charleston, South Carolina on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Spartacus, who was the biology teacher who interested H.G. Wells in science? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to African American Registry, in what year did Learie Constantine gain entrance to the English bar? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1912 H.G. Wells work (according to Authors' Calendar):
LOAFER SMOG
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Donald Graser awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize for Physics?

2. According to Authors' Calendar, from what university did Stephen King graduate in 1970?

3. According to her British Fan Club biography, what is Faith Hill's full name?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1979 work by Stephen King (according to Authors' Calendar):
THE KNOLL WAG
 
 
H.G. Wells
H.G. Wells
Born 1866

[Spartacus]

Authors

Learie Constantine
Learie Constantine
Born on This Date 1901

[Trinidad Tobago Gov't]

Cricket

Donald Glaser
Donald Glaser
Born on This Date 1926

[Nobel Foundation]

Sub-atomic Particles 1960 Nobel Laureate in Physics

Stephen King
Stephen King
Born on This Date 1947



American Authors

Faith Hill
Faith Hill
Born on This Date 1967



Country & Western Performing Artist

 
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United Nations: International Day of Peace
(Observed annually on September 21 as per 2002 resolution of the United Nations)
United Nations International Day of Peace
Armenia: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from the Soviet Union: 09/21/1961)
Armenia Soviet Union Hayastan.com
Belize: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain: 09/21/1981)
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(Observed in conjunction with Teachers' Day 9/22)
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Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1904 Alexander Key (Maryland-born Children's Author) Maryland Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1908 Taro Yashima (Jun Atsushi Iwamatsu) Japanese Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists Asian-American Artists
1938 Patricia Windsor (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1939 Anne E. Schraff (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1945 Hans Wilhelm (German-born Children's Author, Illustrator) German Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1950 Mwenye Hadithi (Bruce Hobson: Kenyan Children's Author) Kenyan Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
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1849 Edmund Gosse (English Literary Critic) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Atlanta Journal Constitution University of Georgia
1863 Clark Howell (Georgia-born Owner/Publisher, Atlanta Constitution) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Atlanta Journal Constitution University of Georgia
1866 H.G. Wells (English Novelist) H.G. Wells
1902 Allen Lane (English Publisher: Founder of Penguin Books) Allen Lane Penguin Books Writer's Almanac
1934 Leonard Cohen (Canadian Poet, Novelist and Songwriter) Canadian Authors & Illustrators Poetry Composers & Songwriters Biography.com
1941 Fannie Flagg (Alabama-born Novelist, Humorist) Alabama Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1947 Stephen King (Maine-born Mystery Novelist) Stephen King
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1891 John Wesley Hardrick (Indiana-born African-American Artist) Indiana Artists Artists African-American Artists African American Registry
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1737 Francis Hopkinson (Pennsylvania-born Composer, Signer of the Declaration of Indpendence) Francis Hopkinson Declaration of Independence Constitutional Convention
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1756 John Loudon MacAdam (Scottish Inventor of the 'Tarmacadam' or 'Tarmac' Road Surface) Scottish Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Automobiles
1853 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (Dutch-born 1913 Nobel Laureate in Physics) Dutch Scientists & Mathematicians Physics Helium Temperature 1913 Nobel Laureate in Physics
1866 Charles Nicolle (French-born 1928 Nobel Laureate in Medicine & Physiology) French Scientists & Mathematicians Typhus 1928 Nobel Laureate in Medicine & Physiology
1895 Juan de la Cierva (Spanish Aviation Pioneer) Spanish Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Aviation History
1926 Donald A. Glaser (Ohio-born 1960 Nobel Laureate in Physics) Donald Glaser Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1960 Nobel Laureate in Physics
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1820 John Reynolds (Pennsylvania-born Union Civil War General) John Reynolds American Civil War History Channel
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1645 Louis Joliet (Canadian Explorer) Louis Joliet Explorers and Exploration
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1737 Francis Hopkinson (Pennsylvania-born Composer, Signer of the Declaration of Indpendence) Francis Hopkinson Declaration of Independence Constitutional Convention
1808 Solon Borland (Virginia-born U.S. Senator from Arkansas) Virginia Political & Social Leaders Arkansas Political & Social Leaders U.S. Congress American History Commission
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1950 Bill Murray (Illinois-born Actor, Comedian) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Film Television Biography.com
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1967 Faith Hill (Mississippi-born Country & Western Singer) Faith Hill Country & Western Musicians
1968 Ricki Lake (New York-born Television Personality) New York Performing Artists Actors Television Biography.com
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1901 Learie Constantine (Trinidad Cricket Player, Political Leader) Learie Constantine Cricket
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1327 Edward II, Deposed King of England (Murdered by Jailers) Great Britain Edward II
1558 Charles V, King of Spain (Holy Roman Emperor) Spanish Political & Social Leaders Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia
1798 George Read (Maryland-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution; Acting Governor of Delaware) Maryland Political & Social Leaders Delaware Political & Social Leaders Declaration of Independence U.S. Constitution
1832 Sir Walter Scott (Scottish Poet) Sir Walter Scott Poetry Concordia
1904 Chief Joseph (Nez Percé Chief) Chief Joseph History Channel
1959 Abraham Flexner (Kentucky-born Educator) Kentucky Educatiors of Note
1961 Earle Dickson (Tennessee-born Inventor of the Band-Aid) Tennessee Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Health Care Johnson and Johnson
1996 Lamar Dodd (Georgia-born Artist) Georgia Artists American Artists New Georgia Encyclopedia
1998 Florence Griffith Joyner (Los Angeles-born African-American Member of the Track and Field Hall of Fame) Florence Griffith Joyner Track and Field Hall of Fame The Olympics African-American Sports Figures
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490 The Greeks Rout the Persians at Marathon Classical Greece War
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1327 Edward II, Deposed King of England, Murdered by Jailers at Berkeley Castle Great Britain Edward II Crime Death
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1596 Spain Names Juan de Oñate Governor of the Colony of New Mexico Spain New Mexico Hispanic Heritage Library of Congress New Mexico Magazine
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1649 Maryland Toleration Act Provides Freedom of Worship for All Christians Maryland Religion First Amendment to the Constitution Yale University
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1776 A Fire Devastates 1 Mile of New York City's West Side, Consuming 1/4 of of the City's Houses New York City Fire Housing American Revolution New York Historical Society
1784 Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser Is Published as America's First Daily Pennsylvania Journalism Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1779 Bernardo de Galvez, Spanish Governor of Louisiana, Captures Baton Rouge from British Louisiana American Revolution Hispanic Heritage Foundation for Historical Louisiana
1780 Benedict Arnold Informs British Spy John André of Weaknesses at West Point Benedict Arnold American Revolution Notorious Americans University of Michigan
1792 The French Convention Abolishes the Monarchy France National Convention New York Times
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1804
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: At half past one oClock this morning the Sand bar on which we
Camped began to under mind and give way which allarmed the Sergeant on Guard, the motion of the boat awakened me; I get up & by the light of the moon observed that the land had given away both above and below our Camp & was falling in fast. I ordered all hands on as quick as possible & pushed off, we had pushed off but a few minets before the bank under which the Boat & perogus lay give way, which would Certainly have Sunk both perogues, by the time we made the opsd. Shore our Camp fell in, we made a 2d Camp for the remainder of the night & at Daylight proceeded on to the Gouge of this Great bend and Brackfast,

We Sent a man to measure step off the Distance across the gouge, he made
it 2000 yds. The distance arround is 30 mes. The hills extend thro: the gouge and is about 200 foot above the water— in the bend as also the opposite
Sides both abov and below the bend is a butifull inclined Plain in which there is great numbers of Buffalow, Elk & Goats in view feeding &
Scipping on those Plains Grouse, Larks & the Prarie bird is Common in those Plains. we proceeded on passed a (1) willow Island below the mouth of a Small river called Tylors R about 35 yds. wide which coms in on the L. S. 6 miles above the Gorge of the bend, at the mouth of this river the two hunters a head left a Deer & its Skin also the Skin of a white wolf—we observe an emence number of Plover of Different kind Collecting and takeing their flight Southerly, also Brants which appear to move in the same Direction.

The Cat fish is Small and not So plenty as below

(2) The Shore on each Side is lined with hard rough Gulley [grittey?] Stones of different Sises, which has roled from the hills & out of Small brooks, Ceder is comon here, This day is worm, the wind which is not hard blows from the S. E, we Camped at the lower point of the Mock Island on the S. S. this now Connected with the main land, it has the appearance of once being an Island detached from the main land Covered with tall Cotton wood— we Saw Some Camps and tracks of the Seaux which appears to be old three or four weeks ago— one frenchman I fear has got an abscess on his they [thigh], he complains verry much we are makeing every exertion to releiv him—

The Praries in this quarter Contains Great qts. of Prickley Pear. lava.

South Dakota Map Lewis & Clark Map: 09/20/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The Sioux Pronghorn Buffalo Elk Deer Grouse Fish Cottonwood Tree Smithsonian
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
1805 Lieutenant Zebulon Pike Reaches the Mouth of the Minnesota River and Raises the U.S. Flag Inside Minnesota for the First Time Minnesota Zebulon Pike American Explorers American Flag Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We were detained this morning untill 11 OCk. in consequence of not being able to collect our horses. we then set out and proceeded along the ridge on which we had encamped, leaving which at 1½ we passed a large creek runing to the left just above it's junction with another which run parrallel with and on the left of our road before we struck the creek;

through the level wide and heavy timbered bottom of this creek we proceeded about 2½ miles when bearing to the right we passed a broken country heavily timbered great quantities of which had fallen and so obstructed our road that it was almost impracticable to proceed in many places. though these hills we proceeded about 5 Ms. when we passed a small creek on which Capt Clark encamped on the 19th

passing this creek we continued our rout 5 Ms thro' a similar country when we struck a large creek at the forks, passed the Northen branch and continued down it on the West side 1 mile and encamped in a small open bottom where there was tolerable food for our horses. I directed the horses to be hubbled to prevent delay in the morning being determined to make a forced march tomorrow in order to reach if possible the open country.

we killed a few Pheasants, and I killd a prarie wolf which together with the ballance of our horse beef and some crawfish which we obtained in the creek enabled us to make one more hearty meal, not knowing where the next was to be found.

I saw several sticks today large enough to form eligant perogues of at least 45 feet in length.— I find myself growing weak for the want of food and most of the men complain of a similar deficiency and have fallen off very much. the general course of this day S 30 W 15 M.—


Clark: A fine morning Sent out all the hunters in different directions to hunt deer, I myself delayd with the Chief to prevent Suspission and to Collect by Signs as much information as possible about the river and Countrey in advance.

The Cheif drew me a kind of chart of the river, and informed me that a greater Cheif than himself was fishing at the river half a days march from his village called the twisted hare, and that the river forked a little below his Camp and at a long distance below & below 2 large forks one from the left & the other from the right

[The first is probably the Snake River, the second the Columbia]

the river passed thro'gh the mountains at which place was a great fall of the water passing through the rocks, to those falls white people lived from whome they preceured the white Beeds & Brass &c. which the womin wore;

a Chief of another band visit me to day and Smoked a pipe, I gave my handkerchief & a Silver Cord with a little Tobacco to those Chiefs,

The hunters all return without any thing, I purchased as much Provisions as I could with what fiew things I chaned to have in my Pockets, Such a Salmon Bread roots & berries, & Sent one man R. Fields with an Indian to meet Capt. Lewis, and at 4 oClock P M. Set out to the river,

met a man at dark on his way from the river to the village, whome I hired and gave the neck handkerchief of one of the men, to polit me to the Camp of the twisted hare, we did not arrive at the Camp of the Twisted hare but oppost, untill half past 11 oClock P M. found at this Camp five Squars & 3 Children.

my guide called to the Chief who was Encamped with 2 others on a Small island in the river, he Soon joind me, I found him a Chearfull man with apparant Siencerity, I gave him a medal &c. and Smoked untill 1 oClock a. m. and went to Sleep. The Countrey from the mountains to the river hills is a leavel rich butifull Pine Countrey badly watered, thinly timbered & covered with grass

—The weather verry worm after decending into the low Countrey,— the river hills are verry high & Steep, Small bottoms to this little river which is Flat head & is 160 yards wide and Sholey This river is the one we killed the first Coalt on

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Idaho County
Nez Percé
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: rose early this morning Colected our men Several of them had axcepted of the invitation of the Citizens and visited their families.

at half after 7 A. M we Set out. passed 12 canoes of Kickapoos assending on a hunting expedition. Saw Several persons also Stock of different kind on the bank which reviv'd the party very much.

at 3 P M we met two large boats assending. at 4 P M we arived in Sight of St. Charles, the party rejoiced at the Sight of this hospital village plyed thear ores with great dexterity and we Soon arived opposit the Town, this day being Sunday we observed a number of Gentlemen and ladies walking on the bank, we Saluted the Village by three rounds from our blunderbuts and the Small arms of the party, and landed near the lower part of the town. we were met by great numbers of the inhabitants,

we found them excessively polite. we received invitations from Several of those Gentlemen a Mr. Proulx, Taboe, Decett, Tice Dejonah & Quarie and several who were pressing on us to go to their houses, we could only visit Mr. Proulx and Mr. Deucett in the course of the evening. Mr. Querie under took to Supply our party with provisions &c. the inhabitants of this village appear much delighted at our return and seem to vie with each other in their politeness to us all.

we Came only 48 miles today. the banks of the river thinly Settled &c.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/19/1906 St. Charles, Missouri Kickapoo Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1819 The State of Alabama Concludes Its First (2-day) General Election Alabama Elections Historic Firsts This Week in Alabama History
1832 The Black Hawk War Ends with Treaty Approved at Illinois' Fort Armstrong Illinois Blackhawk's Surrender War Northern Illinois University
Maria Stewart, First Black Female Political Speech to an Open Audience Connecticut Political & Social Leaders Women African-American Political & Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights Historic Firsts New York Public Library
1835 Virginian John Horner Arrives in Detroit as Michigan's New Territorial Governor Michigan State of Michigan
1836 Fur Trader Alexander Faribault Contracts to Build a House in Mendota, Minnesota Mendota, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1847 City of Baton Rouge Donates Parcel of Land for Louisiana State Capitol Building Louisiana National Park Service
1863 Confederate Army of Tennessee Begins Its Siege of Chattanooga Tennessee American Civil War Florida State Historical Society
1868 S'Klallam Indians Murder 17 Tsimshian Indians Camped on New Dungeness Spit, Washington Washington S'Klallam Indians Tsimshian Indians Death HistoryLink
1872 In California, Emperor Norton I Orders a Study to Determine the Best Possible Means of Connecting San Francisco and Oakland California Political and Social Leaders Bridges LearnCalifornia
1880 The International Mozart Foundation Is Established in Salzburg, Austria Mozart Composers International Mozart Foundation American Public Media
1888 The First Electric Lights in Arkansas Are Lit in Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas Electric Light Bulb Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1891 The First Siberian Reindeer in Alaska Were Landed at Unalaska by the Revenue Cutter Bear Unalaska San Diego Zoo Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1895 Frank Duryea First Drives His Motor Coach in the Streets of Springfield, MA Massachusetts Duryea Brothers Automobiles Historic Firsts The Duryea Automobiles
1897 New York Sun Publishes Editorial, "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus." New York City Journalism Christmas New York Times
African-American F.W. Leslie Receives Patent #590,325 for Envelope Seal Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists & Inventors St. Louis Public Library
1898 African-American Educator/Author, J. McHenry Jones, Is Installed as Principal of the West Virginia State Colored Institute West Virginia Education Education African-American Political and Social Leaders West Virginia State Archives
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 Louisiana's First Oil Well Comes in Near Jennings Louisiana Energy Historic Firsts Louisiana Department of Natural Resource
1909 Wallace Stevens Marries Elsie Kachel Wallace Stevens American Authors American Collection
1921 Universal Studios Announces "Morality Clauses" for Actor Contracts Universal Studios Actors Film History Channel
1925 San Antonio College Opens as University Junior College with 200 Students Texas Education San Antonio Collge Texas State Historical Association
1928 Katharine Hepburn Makes Her Broadway Debut in Night Hostess Katharine Hepburn The Internet Broadway Database
1931 Great Britain Abandons the Gold Standard Great Britain Great Depression History Channel
William Faulkner Publishes These 13, a Short Story Collection William Faulkner American Authors American Collection
1937 The Hobbit, by J.R.R. Tolkien, Is First Published J.R.R. Tolkien Tolkien Collector New York Times
1938 Hurricane Strikes New York & New England Causing Extensive Damage, 600 Die New York Great New England Hurricane Death History Channel Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1941 Congress Passes Revenue Act to Support Costs of World War II U.S. Congress World War II Taxes History Channel
Residents of Orange County, Indiana Preserve an 80-Acre Tract of Virgin Hardwood by Buying It Back from Veneer Company Orange County, Indiana Trees Business Earth Science Indiana Outfitters Indiana Historical Society
1942 First Flight of a B-29 Superfortress Is Made over Seattle, Washington Washington State World War II Aviation History History Channel HistoryLink
1947 Archbishop Ritter Orders Immediate Integration of St. Louis Catholic Schools Integration of St. Louis Catholic Schools Education U.S. Civil Rights Catholicism
1948 Milton Berle Debuts as Permanent Host of ''The Texaco Star Theater'' on NBC Television NBC New York Times
1949 First Session of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Opens First Plenum of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Cold War History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1955 Rocky Marciano Finishes Undefeated Career with KO of Archie Moore (49-0) Rocky Marciano Boxing Hall of Fame
1959 U.S. Congress Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to Operate a Food Stamp System Foods & Nutrition Business & Economics U.S. Congress U.S. Department of Agriculture
The Television Show Bonanza Premieres Television Internet Movie Database
1962 Janesville Wisconsin's Oldest Manufacturer, Rock River Woolen Mills, Ceases Operation After 113 Years Janesville, Wisconsin Business, Economics Wisconsin Historical Society
Igor Stravinsky Returns to the Soviet Union for the First Time in 48 Years Soviet Union Igor Stravinsky Composers American Public Media
1964 Malta Gains Its Independence from Great Britain Malta Great Britain World Statesmen
1967 1,200 Thai Troops Arrive in Saigon Thailand Vietnam War History Channel
1970 NFL Monday Night Football Is First Broadcast Television Football The NFL ABC Internet Movie Database
1973 U.S. Senate Confirms Henry Kissinger to be Secretary of State Henry Kissinger U.S. Senate U.S. Secretary of State Richard Nixon New York Times
1977 Past Practices Force Jimmy Carter's Budget Director, Bert Lance, to Resign U.S. Government Jimmy Carter Ecomomics New York Times
1981 Belize Gains Its Independence from Great Britain Belize Great Britain Library of Congress
1982 National Football League Players Began a 57-day Strike National Football League Football Strike Ecomomics New York Times
1985 "Money for Nothing" by Dire Straits Tops the Charts Pop Music History Channel
1989 Hurricane Hugo Strikes Charleston, SC with Winds Up to 135 mph South Carolina Hurricanes New York Times
Colin Powell Is Named Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff U.S. Government Colin Powell African-American Military Leaders
21 Children Drown, 60 Are Injured, in Texas School Bus Accident Texas Safety Death Texas State Historical Association
1991 Citizens of Armenia Vote Overwhelmingly for Independence from Soviet Union Armenia Soviet Union Hayastan.com
1996 The Board of All-male Virginia Military Institute Votes to Admit Women Virginia Education Women Human Rights/Civil Rights Virginia Military Institute
The Georgia Music Hall of Fame Opens in Macon Georgia Music University of Georgia
John F. Kennedy, Jr., Marries Carolyn Bessette John F. Kennedy, Jr. New York Times
1998 President Clinton's Grand Jury Testimony Is Released to the Public President Bill Clinton President of the United States BBC
1999 Powerful Earthquake Strikes Taiwan, At Least 2,400 Die Taiwan Earthquakes Death USGS
Historic Events from 2000 to present
2001 Congress Approves $15B to Aid Airline Industry Following Sept. 11 Attacks U.S. Congress Aviation Economics Sept 11 Terrorist Attacks BBC
2003 NASA Ends 8-year Mission Vaporizing Galileo in Jupiter's Atmosphere Exploration of Jupiter Space Exploration NASA
2008 Thabo Mbeki Resigns as the President of South Africa South African Political and Social Leaders AFP