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Separation Bar

Carmen Delgado-Votaw
Born 1935


Rights Activist

Isabel Allende
Born 1942



Frederico F. Peña
Born 1947



Jimmy Smits
Born 1955



Bobby Bonilla
Born 1963



Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What U.S. Government office was damaged by fire on this date in 1877? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who retired from baseball on this date in 1934? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the University of Mississippi, what was the name of Jim Henson's childhood friend that he used as the name for one of his Muppets? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date.

1. What is the name of the person who was reinstalled as King of Cambodia on this date in 1993? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of California Davis, who taught at the free school for colored children attended by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Idaho Falls Public Library, where was Wilson Rawls living when he wrote Where the Red Fern Grows? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, who shared the 1959 Nobel Prize for Medicine with Severo Ochoa?

2. According to the New York Times, what was the title of F. Scott Fitzgerald's last book?

3. What hurricane struck the NE United States the same year President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack in Colorado?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by F. Scott Fitzgerald:

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
Born on This Date in 1825

[University of Virginia]


F. Scott Fitzgerald
Born on This Date 1896

[Princeton University]

American Authors

Severo Ochoa
Born on This Date 1905

[Nobel Foundation]

Medical Research1959 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology

Wilson Rawls
Born on This Date 1913

[Educational Paperback Association]

Young-adult Authors

Jim Henson
Born on This Date 1936

[University of Mississippi]


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Cambodia: Constitution and Coronation Day
(Commemoration of the re-coronation of King Sihanouk: 9/23/1993)
Cambodia Official Website of Cambodia
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Republic of Guinea-Bissau: Independence Day
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Republic of Guinea-Bissau U.S. Department of State
South Africa: Heritage Day
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Children's Authors & Illustrators
1862 L. Leslie Brooke (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors and Illustrators Artists
1898 Harry Behn (Arizona-born Children's Author) Arizona Authors Young-adult Authors Library of Congress
1902 Harold Coy (California-born Children's Author) California Authors Young-adult Non-fiction
1912 Ian Serraillier (English Children's Author) English Authors Young-adult Authors
1913 Wilson Rawls (Oklahoma-born Children's Author) Wilson Rawls Young-adult Authors
1925 Jan Carew (Guyanan Children's Author) Guyanan Authors Young-adult Authors Chicken Bones
1932 Jane Curry (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors Young-adult Authors
1936 Jane Cutler (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1717 Horace Walpole (English Writer) English Authors Historic UK
1825 Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (Maryland-born African-American Poet) Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Poetry African American Authors
1854 Hans P. N. Gammel (Danish-American Legal Historian) Danish Authors Texas Authors Law & Legal History U.S. History Texas State Historical Association
1890 A. P. Herbert (English Novelist, Playwright, Poet, Politician) English Writers Plays Poetry
1896 F(rancis) Scott (Key) Fitzgerald (Minnesota-born Novelist) F. Scott Fitzgerald
1901 John Faulkner (Mississippi-born Fiction Writer, Brother of William Faulkner) Mississippi Authors Mississippi Writers page
1945 Eavan Boland (Irish Poet) Eavan Boland Poetry
Lou Dobbs (Texas-born Broadcast Journalist) Texas Authors Journalism Television CNN
Artists, Architects and Designers
1848 Edward A. Bromley (Connecticut-born Photographer; the First Regular Newspaper Staff Photographer in the U.S.) Connecticut Artists & Photographers Minnesota Artists & Photographers Photography Journalism Minnesota Historical Society
1954 Patrick Kelly (Mississippi-born Artist) Mississippi Artists & Designers
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1932 Svetlana Beriosova (Lithuanian Prima Ballerina) Lithuanian Performing Artists Ballet
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1501 Gerolamo Cardano Italian Mathematician) Gerolamo Cardano Mathematics
1870 Georges Claude (French Inventor of the Neon Lamp) Georges Claude Light Inventors & Invention Neon
1891 William F(rederick) Friedman (Russian Cryptologist) Russian Scientists & Mathematicians World War I World War II
1894 E. Franklin Frazier (Maryland-born African-American Sociologist) Maryland Scientists & Mathematicians African-American Scientists & Mathematicians African American Registry
1895 André F. Cournand (French-born 1956 Nobel Laureate for Medicine) French Scientists & Mathematicians 1956 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
1898 Howard Walter Florey (Australian Biochemist; 1945 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Howard Walter Florey Biochemistry Medical Research 1945 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
1900 Stephen Bechtel (Indiana-born Engineer, Business Leader, Founder of Bechtel Corporation) Indiana Scientists & Mathematicians Business & Economics Bechtel
1905 Severo Ochoa (Spanish Biochemist; 1959 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Severo Ochoa Biochemistry Medical Research 1959 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
1907 John R. Dunning (Nebraska-born Physicist) Nebraska Scientists & Mathematicians Physics Sub-Atomic Particles
Business Leaders
1837 Mark Hanna (Ohio-born Industrialist, Political Kingmaker) Ohio Business Leaders Economics & Business Politics The American Presidency
1827 Henry Slocum (New York-born Civil War Union General) Henry Slocum American Civil War
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1625 Johan de Witt (Dutch Statesman, Political Leader of Holland: 1653-72) Dutch Political and Social Leaders
1755 John Marshall (Virginia-born Congressman, Secretary of State, 4th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress U.S. Government U.S. Supreme Court
1898 Robert Blue (Governor of Iowa) Iowa Political and Social Leaders
1911 Konstantin Chernenko (Soviet Union President)  Konstantin Chernenko Soviet Political and Social Leaders
1934 Arne Carlson (New York City-born 37th Governor of Minnesota) New York City-born Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
Performing Artists
1923 Theodore "Fats" Navarro (Florida-born African-American Jazz Trumpeter) Florida Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1924 Theresa Merritt (Virginia-born African-American Singer, Actress) Virginia Performing Artists Popular Musicians American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1936 Jim Henson (Mississippi-born Puppeteer; Creator of the Muppets) Jim Henson Puppetry
1948 Phil Hartman (Canadian Comedic Actor) Canadian Performing Artists Actors Television
Sports Figures
1946 "Mean" Joe Greene (Texas-born African-American Member of the Football Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historical Note Who Have Died on This Date
1919 William Harrell Felton (Georgia-born Doctor, Politician, Minister) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Medicine Religion University of Georgia
1945 Hans Geiger (German Inventor of the Geiger Counter) German Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors &Inventions
1991 Theodor Seuss Geisel (Massachusetts-born Children's Author; Dr. Seuss) Dr. Seuss
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Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
622 The Prophet Muhammad Completes His Flight from Mecca to Medina to Escape Persecution Saudi Arabia Prophet Muhammad History Channel
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1789 Congress Creates the U.S. Supreme Court and Office of the Attorney General U.S. Congress U.S. Supreme Court The Attorney General of the United States History Channel
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Set out early a fair day the wind from the E, pass the mouth of Creek on the L. S. called Creek on high water; passed a large Island on the L. S. about 2 miles & ½ long on which Colter had Camped & Killed 4 Elk, the wind fair from the S. E. we prepared Some Clothes and a few meadels for the Chiefs of the Teton's hand of Seaux which we expect to See to day at the next river, observe
a Great Deel of Stone on the Sides of the hills on the S. S. we Saw one Hare to day, prepared all things for action in Case of necessity, our perogues went to
the Island for the meet, Soon after the man on Shore run up the bank and reported that the Indians had Stolen the horse we Soon after met 5 Inds. and ankered out Some distance & Spoke to them informed them we were friends, & wished to Continue So but were not afraid of any Indians, Some of their young men had taken the horse Sent by their Great father for ther Chief and we would not Speek to them untill the horse was returned to us again.

passed a Island on the S. S. on which we Saw Several Elk, about 1½ miles long Called Good Humoured Islds. Came to about 1½ miles above off the mouth of a Small river about 70 yards wide Called by Mr. Evins the Little Mississou The Tribes of the Scouix Called the Teton, is Camped about 2 miles up on the N W Side and we Shall Call the River after that nation, Teton This river is 70 yards wide at the mouth of water, and has a considerable Current we anchored off the mouth—

the french Perogue Come up early in the day, the other did not get up untill in the evening Soon after we had Came too. I went & Smoked with the Chief who Came to See us here all well, we prepare to Speek with the Indians tomorrow at which time we are informed the Indians will be here, The French man who had for Some time been Sick, began to blead which allarmed him— ? of our party Camped on board The remainder with the Guard on Shore.

South Dakota Map Lewis & Clark Map: 09/24/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The Sioux Horses Crime
Geology Rabbit Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I sleped but little last night however we rose early and Commencd wrighting our letters Capt. Lewis wrote one to the presidend and I wrote Govr. Harrison & my friends in Kentucky and Sent of George Drewyer with those letters to Kahoka & delivered them to Mr. Hays &.

[Clark's letter to his relatives in Kentucky was probably intended for publication, and was in fact the first published report of the expedition. Lewis actually composed the first draft, which Clark copied.]

we dined with Mr. Chotoux to day, and after dinner went to a Store and purchased Some Clothes, which we gave to a Tayler and derected to be made.

Capt Lewis in opening his trunk found all his papers wet, and Some Seeds spoiled

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/22/1906 St. Louis, Missouri Native American Heritage

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1830 More Than 1,000 Spectators Attend a Public Hanging in Detroit, Michigan Detroit, Michigan Capital Punishment Death State of Michigan
1847 Merriam Brothers Publish First Edition of American Dictionary of the English Language Dictionaries Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanitities
1852 Henri Giffard First Demonstrates the Dirigible with Flight from Paris to Trappe France Aviation Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1857 The First Sheboygan County Cheese Award Is Won by N.C. Harmon of Lyman, Wisconsin Sheboygan County, Wisconsin Cheese Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Suspends Writ of Habeas Corpus for Disloyal Rebels and Insurgents Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Habeas Corpus Lincoln Logs
Large Crowd with Band and Speeches Serenades President Lincoln in Honor of the Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Logs
1863 President Issues Proclamation Opening Port of Alexandria, Virginia Alexandria, Virginia Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1864 More Than 1,400 Union Soldiers Are Taken Prisoner When They Surrender a Fort on Coleman Hill Near Athens, Alabama Athens, Alabama Forts American Civil War Alabama State Archives
1867 In the First Minnesota State Baseball Championship, the St. Paul North Stars Beat the Hastings Vermillion 43-35 Minnesota Sports Figures Baseball Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1869 Robber Barons Attempt to Corner Gold and Send Markets into Panic Ulyssses S. Grant Markets & Investments Gold U.S. Treasury
1876 Temple Beth El Congregation, Florida's Oldest Jewish Congregation, Is Founded at Pensacola Pensacola, Florida Judaism  Temple Beth El Congregation Florida Historical Society
1877 Fire Destroys Many Models at the U.S. Patent Office, But Important Records Are Saved U.S. Government Offices & Agencies Patents & Trademarks Fire Safety USPTO
The Satsuma Rebellion of Discontented Samurai Is Crushed by Conscript Army Forces in Japan Japan Asian History
1878 African-American Inventor, W.R. Davis, Receives a Patent for a Library Table Library and Media Resources Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African-American Scientists and Inventors African American Registry
1886 Dr. Justus Ohage Performs the Nation's First Successful Gall Bladder Surgery at St. Joseph's Hospital in St. Paul St. Paul Minnesota Health Care Human Anatomy & Physiology St. Joseph's Hospital in St. Paul Minnesota Historical Society
1889 A Female Seminary Opens in Decatur, Georgia with an Initial Student Body 60 Women Decatur, Georgia Christianity Education Women University of Georgia
1890 Mormon Church Formally Renounces Polygamy The Mormon Church History Channel
1891 Sarah Bernhardt Performs in Seattle, Washington Sarah Bernhardt Seattle, Washington Stage and Theater History Link
1894 The First Washington State Agricultural Fair Opens in Yakima Yakima, Washington Farming & Agriculture Historic Firsts History Link
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1903 In Texas, the Gulf and Inter-State (G&I) Railway Completes Its First Passenger Run from Beaumont to Port Bolivar Texas Railroads Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1904 Up to 113 People Die in the New Market, Tennessee Train Crash New Market, Tennessee Railroads Death New Market Elementary
1908 The First Factory-Built Model-T Is Completed Henry Ford Model T Business & Economics Historic Firsts History Channel
1914 Germans Occupy St. Mihiel in Alsace-Lorraine Area Germany France World War I Humanities Web
1918 Bulgaria Seeks Ceasefire with the Allied Powers Bulgaria World War I History Channel
President Woodrow Wilson Establishes the Katmai National Monument in Alaska Alaska Parks & Monuments President Woodrow Wilson Katmai National Park Alaska Historical Society
1920 "In Morocco" by Edith Wharton Is Published by Scribner's, New York Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1929 Jimmy Doolittle Pilots First All-instrument Flight over New York's Mitchel Field New York Jimmy Doolittle Aviation Historic Firsts Centennial of Flight
1934 Babe Ruth Retires from Baseball Maryland Sports Figures Babe Ruth Baseball Hall of Fame
1937 In Washington, the Lincoln County Fair Resumes in Davenport After a 23-Year Hiatus Lincoln County, Washington Farming & Agriculture History Link
1938 California's Don Budge Is the First to Win the Tennis Grand Slam Don Budge Tennis Hall of Fame Historic Firsts New York Times
1941 The Japanese Government Instructs Its Consul in Hawaii to Identify the Locations of U.S Battleships at Pearl Harbor Japan Hawaii Naval Military History Pearl Harbor History Channel
1948 Mildred Gillars Pleads Innocent as Nazi Radio Propagandist ''Axis Sally'' Nazi Germany Propaganda Radio War Crimes World War II
Honda Motor Company Opens Automobiles Japan Business & Economics Honda
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 Eisenhower and Nixon Meet in Wheeling, West Virginia to Determine If Nixon Will Remain as the Republican Candidate for Vice President Wheeling, West Virginia Dwight Eisenhower Richard Nixon The American Presidency The Republican Party West Virginia State Archives
1955 President Eisenhower Suffers a Heart Attack While On Vacation in Denver Colorado Dwight Eisenhower The American Presidency The Heart New York Times
1957 The Brooklyn Dodgers Play Their Last Game at Ebbetts Field Defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-0 New York City Baseball New York Historical Society
1960 The U.S. Launches the Enterprise: the First Nuclear Aircraft Carrier Nuclear Weapons Naval History Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1961 The Final Episode of I Love Lucy Airs Television History Channel
1962 Samuel Barber's Piano Concerto Is Premiered at Lincoln Center in New York City Lincoln Center Samuel Barber Classical Composers Historic Firsts American Public Radio
1963 At the University of Minnesota at Duluth, President John Kennedy Speaks on the High Unemployment in the Great Lakes Region Duluth, Minnesota President John Kennedy Labor University of Minnesota at Duluth Minnesota Historical Society
Mayor Victor Schiro Refuses to Meet with Civil Rights Leaders in New Orleans New Orleans Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage Louisiana Secretary of State
1964 President Johnson Receives a Copy of the Warren Commission Report on the Assassination of President Kennedy Assasination of President Kennedy President Lyndon Johnson History U.S. Documents History Channel
The Puget Sound Ferry Chippewa Ends 64 Years of Service Washington Steamboats History Link
1966 Hurricane Inez Causes Mudslides and Floods on the Island of Guadeloupe, Killing 23 People and Nearly Destroying the Island's Banana Crop Guadaloupe Hurricane Death History Channel
1968 60 Minutes Debuts on CBS Television CBS Internet Movie Database 60 Minutes
1969 Chicago 8 Go On Trial for Demonstrations During the Democratic National Convention The Chicago 8 Presidential Conventions Law and Legal Resources New York Times
"A Sweet Devouring" by Eudora Welty Is Published by Albondocani Press, New York Eudora Welty American Authors Mississippi Writers Page
1973 Portuguese Guinea Declares Independence from Portugal Guinea-Bissau Portugal U.S. Department of State
1975 Dougal Haston and Doug Scott Are the First Britons to Reach the Summit of Mount Everest British Explorers Mount Everest Mountain Climbing Historic Firsts BBC
1976 The Rhodesian (Zimbabwe) Government Announces White Minority Rule Will End Within Two Years Zimbabwe Government Racism BBC
Newspaper Heiress Patty Hearst Is Sentenced to Seven Years in Prison Crime Law and Legal Resources Notorious Americans New York Times
1977 The Love Boat Debuts on ABC Television NBC Internet Movie Database
1980 Iraqi Planes Bomb Iran, Setting Afire Kharg Island Crude Oil Export Terminal Iraq Iran Aviation Military History War Middle East History BBC
1981 Armenian Terrorists Storm French Consulate in Turkey: 1 killed, hostages taken Turkey Armenia France Terrorism Death
NASA Launches SBS 2 (Satellite Business Systems 2) to Support Private Business Networks Space Exploration Economics & Business NASA
1987 South Africa's Congress of Traditional Leaders Is Launched South African Government South African History
1988 Canadian Sprinter Ben Johnson Wins the Olympic 100M Gold Medal That Will Be Returned When He Tests Positive for Performance Enhancing Drugs Canadian Sports Figures 1988 Summer Olympics Performance Enhancing Drugs BBC
Jackie Joyner-Kersee Sets a World Record of 7,291 Points Winning Olympic Gold in the Heptathlon Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988 Summer Olympics Track and Field Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures New York Times
1989 Broadway Theaters Dim Their Lights in Honor of the Death of Composer Irving Berlin Irving Berlin Broadway American Composers and Songwriters History Channel
1990 South African President F. W. de Klerk Arrives in the U.S. to Try to Convince President George Bush to Remove Economic Sanctions F. W. de Klerk President George Bush Apartheid Economics South African History
Winnie Mandela Is Formally Charged with Four Counts of Kidnapping and of Assault South African Political and Social Leaders Nelson Mandela Crime South African History
1993 Nelson Mandela Asks That World Economic Sanctions Be Lifted Against South Africa South African Government Nelson Mandela Apartheid Economics Canadian Broadcast Corporation
Norodom Sihanouk Is Reinstalled as King of Cambodia Cambodian Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1995 Israel Vacates the West Bank After Three Decades of Occupation Israel Middle East History New York Times
1996 President Clinton Signs Comprehensive Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons & Testing Bill Clinton Nuclear Weapons Control The Cold War World History New York Times
Stephen King Releases Two Books: Desperation under His Name and The Regulators under His Richard Bachman Pseudonym Stephen King American Authors History Channel
1997 Singer Brenda Lee Is Inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee Georgia Performing Artists Country Music Hall of Fame University of Georgia
1998 The U.S. Releases Harder-to-Counterfeit $20 Bills U.S. Treasury Crime U.S. Treasury New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 2000 - present
2000 Citizens of the Yugoslavia Federation Hold First Democratic Presidential Elections Yugoslavia Elections Television News Archive
2009 NASA Announces the Discovery of Water on the Moon Lunar Exploration Water NASA
United Nations Security Council Unanimously Passes Resolution Enouraging All Nations to Dismantle Nuclear Arsenals United Nations Nuclear Weapons National Public Radio