National Hispanic Heritage Month


Separation Bar

Amalia V. Betanzos



Carmen Zapata
Born 1927



Nicholasa Mohr
Born 1930


Young-adult Authors

Bill Richardson
Born 1947


Government Service

Nancy Lopez
Born 1957


Golf Hall of Fame

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year on this date did the country of Rwanda end its rule by monarchy? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What did Melvin Bissell invent? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. What was the first name of Zachary Taylor's wife? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Will Smith film (according to

1. In which one of today's countries was Balboa standing when he first saw the Pacific Ocean on this date in 1513? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Gale Group, how large of a ranch did Sandra Day O'Conner's parents own in Southeastern Arizona? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. Which astronaut completed 6 orbits of the Earth in the same year Sonny Liston won the World Heavy weight Boxing Title on this date? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Shel Silverstein (according to the Academy of American Poets):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what accomplishment was Thomas Hunt Morgan awarded the 1933 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine?

2. According to the New York Times, where was President Eisenhower on this date in 1957 when he made the decision to use Federal Troops to desegregate Little Rock Central High School?

3. According to the History Channel, in what year did Germany invade Norway?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by William Faulkner:

Thomas Hunt Morgan
Born on This Date 1866

[Nobel Foundation]

Medical Research 1933 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology

William Faulkner
Born on This Date in 1897

[University of Mississippi]

American Authors 1949 Nobel Laureate for Literature

Shel Silverstein
Born on This Date 1932

[Academy of American Poets]

Children's Author/Poet

Bell Hooks
Born on This Date 1952

[University of California
Sanata Barbara]

American Authors

Will Smith
Born on This Date 1968

[Brentwood Magazine]


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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
National Day of Remembrance for Parents of Murdered Children
(Observed annually on Sept 25 in commemoration of the death of the daughter of the founder of POMC)
Child Advocacy Parents of Murdered Children
Mozambique: Revolution Day
(Commemoration of the beginning of a revolution campaign against Portuguese rule: 09/25/1964)
Mozambique Portugal U.S. Department of State
Rwanda: Kamarampaka Day (Republic Day)
(Celebration of the end of monarchy 09/25/1961)
Rwanda U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1875 Clara Vawter (Virginia-born Poet, Children's Author) Virginia Authors Poetry Primary Authors
1932 Shel (Shelby) Silverstein (Chicago-born Cartoonist, Poet, Songwriter and Playwright) Shel (Shelby) Silverstein Poetry Primary Authors
1947 Jim Murphy (New Jersey-born Children's Author) Jim Murphy Young-adult Authors
1948 Anne Shelby (Kentucky-born Children's Author) Kentucky Authors Young-adult Authors
1961 James E. Ransome (North Carolina-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) North Carolina Authors & Illustrator Primary Authors American Artists Noted African Americans
1963 Andrea Davis Pinkney (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Children's Author) Andrea Davis Pinkney Young-adult Authors Noted African Americans
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1897 William Faulkner (Mississippi-born 1949 Nobel Laureate for Literature) William Faulkner 1949 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1889 C. K. (Charles Kenneth) Scott-Moncrieff (Scottish Poet Who Translated Marcel Proust Into English) Scottish Authors Marcel Proust Fordham University Writer's Almanac
1909 John V. Dodge (Chicago-born Publisher of Encyclopedia Britannica) Chicago-born Authors Reference Resources Encyclopedia Britannica
1930 Francis du Plessix-Gray (French Author) French Authors
1930 Bell Hooks (Kentucky-born African-American Author, Feminist and Social Critic) Bell Hooks African American Authors
1955 Luanne Rice (Connecticut-born Author) Luanne Rice
Artists, Architects and Designers
1599 Francesco Borromini (Italian Baroque Architect) Italian Artists & Designers Architecture & Design
1613 Claude Perrault (French Physician, Architect and Engineer) French Artists & Designers Architecture & Design
1832 William Le Baron Jenney (Massachusetts-born Architect/Engineer) Massachusetts Artists & Designers Architecture & Design Technology  & Society
1847 Vinnie Ream Hoxie (Wisconsin-born Sculptor) Wisconsin Artists American Artists Wisconsin Historical Society
1903 Mark Rothko (Russian-born American Abstract Expressionist Painter) Mark Rothko Artists
Classical Composers & Performing Artists
1906 Dmitri Shostakovich (Russian Composer) Dmitri Shostakovich Composers
1932 Glenn Gould (Canadian Pianist) Glenn Gould Classical Musicans
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1725 Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (French Inventor/Builder of the First Automobile) Nicolas Joseph Cugnot Inventors and Inventions Automobiles Steam Engine
1773 Agostino Bassi de Lodi (Italian Bacteriologist) Italian Scientists & Mathematicians Bacteriologist Insects
1798 Élie de Beaumont (French Geologist) French Scientists & Mathematicians Geology
1807 Alfred Lewis Vail (New Jersey-born Inventor) New Jersey Scientists & Inventors Telegraph Inventors & Inventions
1843 Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin (Illinois-born Geologist) Illinois Scientists & Inventors Geology
Melville Bissell (New York-born Inventor of the Vacuum Sweeper) New York Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Bissell
1846 Wladimir Köppen (German Meteorologist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Meteorology
1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan (Kentucky-born 1933 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Thomas Hunt Morgan Genetics 1933 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1904 Columbus Iselin (New York-born Oceanographer) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Oceanography
Political and Social Leaders
1711 Qianlong (Ch'ien-lung) (Emperor of China: r. 1736-1796) Chinese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1812 Sherman M. Booth (New York-born Abolitionist, Editor) New York Authors Abolition Journalism Wisconsin Historical Society
Performing Artists
1931 Barbara Walters (Massachusetts-born Broadcast Journalist) Massachusetts Performing Artists Journalism Television
1944 Michael Douglas (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Film History Channel
1951 Mark Hamill (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists Film Actors
1952 Christopher Reeve (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Film Actors Special Needs Education
1961 Heather Locklear (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Television Actors
1968 Will Smith (Pennsylvania-born African-American Actor) Will Smith Actors Television Film Famous African Americans
1969 Catherine Zeta-Jones (Welsh Actress) Welsh Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1905 "Red" Smith (Wisconsin-born Syndicated Sports Columnist) Wisconsin Writers Journalism Baseball Hall of Fame
1917 Phil Rizzuto (New York City-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) New York City Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
Johnny Sain (Arkansas-born Major League Baseball Player) Arkansas Sports Figures Baseball
1951 Bob McAdoo (North Carolina-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) North Carolina Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
1965 Scottie Pippen (Arkansas-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Arkansas Sports Figures Basketball Famous African Americans
Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date
1506 Philip I, King of Spain Spanish Political and Social Leaders
1534 Pope Clement VII (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religious Leaders and Theologians
1808 Richard Porson (English-born Greek Scholar) British Authors Ancient Greece Chambers Book of Days
1857 Warren Akin Candler (Georgia-born Educator) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Emory University University of Georgia
1867 Oliver Loving (Kentucky-born Cattle Drive Pioneer) Kentucky Business Leaders Westward Expansion Texas State Historical Association History Channel
1870 Robert C. Grier (Pennsylvania-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1874 Louise Heuser Wueste (German-born West Texas Artist) German Artists Texas Artists Artists Texas State Historical Association
1933 Ring Lardner, Sr.(Michigan-born Writer) Ring Lardner, Sr. American Writers
Paul Ehrenfest (Austrian Atomic Physicist) Paul Ehrenfest Atomic Theory
1971 Hugo Black (Alabama-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Alabama Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1976 Urban "Red" Faber (Iowa-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Iowa Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1987 Duffy Daugherty (Pennsylvania-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
2005 Don Adams (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
2011 Wangari Maathai (Kenyan Environmentalist, 2004 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Wangari Maathai Trees 2004 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Historically Notable Events Historically Notable Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1493 Christopher Columbus Begins Second Voyage from Cardiz, Spain with 17 Ships Spain Christopher Columbus World History New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1500 - 1599
1513 Balboa Crosses Isthmus of Panamá and Is the First European to Reach Pacific Ocean Panamá Oceans World History Historic Firsts New York Times
1555 The Religious Peace of Augsburg Grants Religious Freedom to Lutherans in Germany Germany Religion Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1676 Greenwich Mean Time Becomes England's Standard England Greenwich Mean Time Harvard University
British Governor Edmund Andros Establishes a Penal Code for the Delaware Colony British Government Delaware Colonial Delaware Law and Legal Resources State of Delaware
1690 "Publick Occurrences" Is First Newspaper Published in Britain's North American Colonies Massachusetts Colonial History Journalism Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1775 British Capture Ethan Allen as He Leads Invasion of Montreal Ethan Allen Vermont Military Leaders American Revolution History Channel
1789 First U.S. Congress Passes 12 Constitutional Amendments (States Will Ratify 10 as the Bill of Rights) U.S. Congress The Bill of Rights History Channel Virginia Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: had all of our Skins &c. Suned and Stored away in a Storeroom of Mr. Caddy Choteau payed Some visits of form, to the gentlemen of St. Louis. in the evening a dinner & Ball

[The affair was held at William Christy's tavern. Eighteen toasts were drunk, starting with one to President Jefferson, "The friend of science, the polar star of discovery, the philosopher and the patriot," and ending with "Captains Lewis and Clark—Their perilous services endear them to every American heart."]

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 09/22/1906 St. Louis, Missouri President Thomas Jefferson

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1818 English Obstetrician, Dr. James Blundell, Performs the First Successful Human Blood Transfusion British Scientists & Mathematicians Health Care Blood Historic Firsts Body1
1839 A Land Patent Is Issued to Roswell Beebe for the Site of Little Rick, Arkansas Little Rick, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1846 General Zachary Taylor's Forces Capture Monterrey, Mexico Mexico Zachary Taylor Mexican-American War PBS
1849 The First State Fair in U.S. History Opens in Detroit, Michigan Detroit, Michigan Historic Firsts Michigan State Fair State of Michigan
1851 Advance Scouts of Seattle's First Settlers Arrive at the Mouth of Duwamish River Seattle, Washington Historic Firsts American Explorers History Link
1858 U.S. Army Hangs the Son of a Yakima Chief After He Surrenders Carrying a White Flag Washington Yakima Indians Capital Punishment History Link
1861 U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles, Authorizes Enlistment of Slaves as Union Sailors American Civil War Slavery African-American Military Figures National Archives African American Registry
1862 President Lincoln Promises to Investigate Treaty Obligations Between the U.S. and the Cherokee Nation Cherokee Indians John Ross President Abraham Lincoln Historic U.S. Documents Lincoln Library
1864 Jefferson Davis Visits General Hood in Georgia Georgia American Civil War History Channel University of Georgia
Union Forces Cross the Choctawhatchee River in the Florida Panhandle Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1867 Alabama's Oldest Single Family-Owned Newspaper, The Southern Star, Is First Published in Dale County Dale County, Alabama Journalism Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
Horace Goodhue, Jr., Opens a Prep School in Northfield, Minnesota That Will Become Carleton College Northfield, Minnesota Education Carleton College Minnesota Historical Society
1882 Providence and Worcester Play the First Major League Double Header Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts Baseball Library
1886 Peter "Black Prince" Jackson Is the First Black to Win Australia's Boxing Crown Australian Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame Historic Firsts Cyber Boxing Zone
1890 President Benjamin Harrison Signs Law Creating Sequoia National Park California Parks and Landmarks Presient Benjamin Harrison National Park Service
1894 President Grover Cleveland Pardons Mormon Polygamists President Grover Cleveland The American Presidency Mormon Church Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1895 The Colored Baptist Foreign Mission Convenes in Atlanta with Delegates from Every State Atlanta, Georgia Religion African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1896 Four U.S. Generals Speak Against the Silver Standard and in Support of William McKinley to an Audience of 6,000 in St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota William McKinley Silver Minnesota Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1902 Interurban Rail Service Begins Between Seattle and Tacoma, Washington Tacoma, Washington Railroads Historic Firsts History Link
1907 Jean Sibelius Conducts the Premiere of His Symphony No. 3 in Helsinki, Finland Jean Sibelius Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1913 Charlie Chaplin Signs Contract to Make Silent Movies Charlie Chaplin Film History Channel
1915 British Forces Attack German Positions at Loos, Belgium Belgium Great Britain Germany World War I History Channel
1916 Labor Leaders Are Arrested for Organizing Apple Pickers in North Yakima, Washington Washington Labor Unions Crime History Link
1919 President Woodrow Wilson Collapses after Speech in Colorado Colorado Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency New York Times
1922 WOAI-San Antonio Begins Broadcasting as the First Radio Station in South Texas San Antonio, Texas Radio Historic Firsts WOAI-San Antonio Texas State Historical Association
1927 Charles Lindbergh Lands in Santa Fe, New Mexico Santa Fe, New Mexico Charles Lindburgh New Mexico Magazine
1928 Motorola Is Incorporated as Galvin Manufacturing Corporation Business & Economics Motorola
1936 R. Vaughan Williams Conducts the Premiere of His Choral Suite "Five Tudor Portraits" in Norwich, England R. Vaughan Williams Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1937 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini Meet in Berlin to Reaffirm the German-Italian Axis Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini European History League of Nations History
1942 British Bombers Fail to Take Out the Nazi Gestapo Headquarters in Norway Norway Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1943 Soviets Retake Smolensk from the Germans Soviet Union NAZI Germany World War II League of Nations History
1946 Florida's Spessard Holland Begins Over 20 Years of Service in the U.S. Senate Completing the Term of the Late Charles Andrews Florida Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Florida Historical Society
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 U.N. Troops Take Control of Seoul in South Korea United Nations Korea Korean War BBC
1954 Elvis Presley Makes His Only Appearance on the "Grand Ole Opry" Elvis Presley Country & Western Musicians New York Times
1956 The First Transatlantic Phone Call Is Made The Telephone World History Historic Firsts Canadian Broadcasting Corporation International Cable Protection Committee
1957 Federal Troops Escort Nine African-American Students Into Little Rock Central High School, Arkansas 1957 Desegregation of Little Rock Central H.S Dwight Eisenhower Education U.S. Civil Rights African-American History History Channel New York Times
1959 Trademark Registered for "Do-Re-Mi" from The Sound of Music The Sound of Music American Musicals Trademarks & Patents USPTO
Eisenhower and Khrushchev Begin Two-day Summit Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower The Cold War History Channel
1960 NASA's Pioneer P-30 Lunar Orbiter Probe Fails Shortly after Launch Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1961 Wisconsin Enacts Law Requiring All 1962 Cars Sold in the State to be Equipped with Seat Belts Wisconsin Government Automobiles Laws and Legal Resources Wisconsin Historical Society
1962 Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson for Boxing's World Heavyweight Championship Floyd Patterson Arkansas Sports Figures Floyd Patterson - Boxing Hall of Fame Sonny Liston - Boxing Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures New York Times
1964 Mozambique Independence Campaign Is Begun by Anti-Portuguese Revolutionaries Mozambique Portugal Encyclopedia of the Nations
United Auto Workers Begin a Nationwide Strike Against General Motors Labor Automobiles United Auto Workers General Motors Wisconsin Historical Society
1966 Dmitri Shostakovich's Cello Concerto No. 2 Is Premiered in Moscow, by the USSR State Symphony, with Mstislav Rostropovich the Soloist Soviet Union Dmitri Shostakovich Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1967 "The Beatles" Record "Fool On The Hill" at Abby Road The Beatles Popular Musicians Soundscapes
1968 5.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 20, Injures 500 in Mexico's Southern Chiapas Region Mexico Earthquakes Death USGS
1978 Mid-Air Collision Kills 153 over San Diego San Diego, California Air Disasters Death History Channel
1979 Andrew Lloyd Webber's Evita Opens on Broadway Andrew Lloyd Webber Argentina Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1980 Leonard Bernstein's "Divertimento" for Orchestra Is First Performed by the Boston Symphony Leonard Bernstein Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1981 Sandra Day O'Connor Is Sworn in As First Female Justice, U.S. Supreme Court Sandra Day O'Connor U.S. Supreme Court Women Historic Firsts History Channel Oyez
1983 Thirty-eight Prisoners Escape from Maze High-security Prison in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Prison BBC
1989 NASA's Launches Its 8th and Final FLTSATCOM UHF Communications Satellite Space Exploration NASA
1992 NASA Launches Mars Observer as First Mission to Study Another Planet's Geoscience and Climate Mars Exploration Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA
West Virginia's Snowshoe and Silver Creek Resorts Announce Plans to Merge West Virginia Business Business and Economics Skiing Snowshoe Ski Resort West Virginia State Archive
1995 Texas Billionaire H. Ross Perot Launches Petition Drive for Third Party on Presidential Election Ballot The American Presidency Third Party Politics Television News Archive
1997 NASA's Launches Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-86) for 7th MIR Docking Mission Russian Space Program Space Shuttle NASA
Historic Events Occurring between 2000 - 2009
2003 8.3 Magnitude Earthquake Injures 589 in Japan's Hokkaido Region Japan Earthquakes USGS
2005 The Irish Republican Army Officially Disarms Northern Ireland Terrorism History Channel
2008 South Africa's Parliament Chooses Kgalema Motlanthe as the Country's New President South African Political and Social Leaders Elections NPR